History of the Church of St. John the Baptist (1929) by Legh Tolson

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Page 1

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH

OF

ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST

KIRKHEATON

YORKSHIRE

AND

ANNALS OF THE PARISH

BY

LEGH TOLSON, F.S.A.

KENDAL

PRINTED BY TITUS WILSON & SON, 28 HIGHGATE. 1929,

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Dedicated

TO THOSE DEAR ONES WHO REST WITHIN GOD’S ACRE AT KIRKHEATON.

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CHAPTER I

II III IV Vv VI VII VIII IX Xx XI XII XIII XIV XV XVI XVII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV

CONTENTS.

TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE FEUDAL HIsTory ORIGIN, History, AND ARCHITECTURE ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS. CHURCH FURNITURE CHURCH PLATE THE ORGAN AND CHURCH MUSIC THE BELLS STAINED GLASS WINDOWS HERALDIC GLASS DESCRIBED BY DODSWORTH IN 1629 HERALDRY NOW IN THE CHURCH MURAL INSCRIPTIONS .. THE FIRE 1n 1886 THE CHURCH-YARD, EpitapHs, GATES, STOCKS, CUCKING-STOOL THE CHURCH HOUSE THE SCHOOL

THE RECTORY .. . = PATRONS OF THE RECTORY OF KIRKHEATON

RECTORS Minor ECCLESIASTICS AND CURATES THE PARISH CLERK REGISTERS, BRIEFS AND BENEFACTIONS BEQUESTS EXHAUSTED OR LOST TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS HALLS AND FAMILIES ..

I WHITLEY HALL 2 LASscCELLES HALL 3 DrenBy GRANGE

PAGE.

I03 108 II6

r16 I25 136

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vi

14 15

CONTENTS.

LyLtEyY Hari COLNE BRIDGE FORGE HEATON LODGE FLEMING HovusE RAWTHORPE HALL DALTON HALL Dives House Bank END

HoMES OF THE ATKINSONS

DALTON GREEN THE MYERS .. RAVENSKOWLE

CONCLUSION

APPENDIX

INDEX

139 139 147 148 150 153 155 157 158 159 160 162

165 169 173

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

Church 1818... 20 ad oes we cg Frontispieces Church 1823 23 «2 5 38 fe 3 Present Church . : at 7 » Distant Views of Church .. 5 ae ne 3

Interior of Church looking East, XVI Cent, aa 5 Interior of present Church looking East... sis a a 9

Interior of present Church looking West... Sg 5 Block Plans of Church at different periods .. a5 32 » PAGE. Plan of the Parish of ar 8 28 sis si 4 Court Roll of Dalton .. es 5% sd a “3 we Ha 7 Hand Loom Weaving .. . 2% .. 8 Weaver’s Cottage 5 . . 10 Hand Loom sn 7 _ au si . 10 Dumb Steeple, Grange Moor a3 as II Arms of Templars, Hospitalers, and Habit al Hoaplialors ue es 16-17 Arms of Fountains and Byland ; ee as 16-17 Seals of Monasteries of Fountains, Byland and . 16-17 Lepton Church .. ts wi is a He 18-19 Moldgreen Church an Bie a 23 20 ras .. 18-19 Grange Moor Church .. 83 as ex i es ae wi 18-19 Early Sculptured Stones - ws es i 20-21 Early Window-head. aa - . . 20-21 Capital from first Porch sa a =n a . 20-21 Capital from North Aisle 5% ie 54 as 20-21 First Font ios “4 on oe - 8 20-21 First Font and De Histon Scryiltured Slab ee Bes 20-21 De Heton Arms 38 = ee sa . 22 Interior of Church before the Fires in 1886 ie 2 es as a3 24-25 Mask, Beaumont Chapel wa we ee wi 24-25 Drawing of Pillar and Arches, Chagal a 5 24-25 Mural Decoration, formerly West end of the Church as ws 24-25 Drawings of 1664 Windows and old North Door .. a8 ni 26-27 Exterior of Church showing 1664 Windows su ei nig as 26-27 Squire’s loft 18 8 Ae 5 . 26-27

Oak Front on ae = a as 28 Es .. 26-27

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viii ILLUSTRATIONS.

Block Plan, Squire’s Loft Arms of Queen Anne Carved Oak, Dickens Loft Gallery and Ground Plans of Church Jacobean Reading Desk ai ‘ Three Decker Pulpit Present Pulpit .. eg Present Font, Ewer and Dove Tolson Arms on present Font Bowl of First Font Second Font Third Font Brass Plate in Pew Old Altar Table and modern Churchwardens’ Staffs Baptistry Screen and Font Baptistry Screen and Bench Ends Church Plate ‘ .. XV Century Glass XVII Century Glass Lyley Arms, Kirkheaton Lyley Arms, Warmfield Church Lyley Arms, Rothwell Church Lyley Gravestone, Rothwell Church . . Lyley Window (modern) Kirkheaton Chore Heraldic Glass described by Dodsworth 1629 Arms of Hopton (Note D) ais Tolson Arms in West Window Heraldry now in the Church .. Interior of Beaumont Chapel .. Dickens Monument Tolson Monuments and Brass Sir Richard Beaumont Monument Beaumont Monuments and Brass Interior of Church 1886 Graveyard, Circa 1818 Plan of Graveyard, as at present Grave of John Horsfall Monument to Children burnt at ea, Bridge Stocks Cucking Stool Old School Rectories and Plan Pedigree of Patronage ..

PAGE 26-27 26-27 260-27 28 30-31 30-31 30-31 30-31 30-31 30-31 30-31 30-31 32-33 32-33 32-33 32-33 32-33 33 40-41 40-41 40-41 40-41 40-41 40-41 40-41 42-43 44 45 46-47 46-47 51 54-55 57 58-59

61 62-63 62-63 64 65 65 66 68-69 69

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

Arms of Dawtre . Christopher Richardson Christopher Richardson and Oliver at ee Institution of William Shippen Christopher Alderson Ralph H. Maddox Michael Crotty .. Whitley Hall Gaol Delivery Letter from R. H. Arms of Beaumont impaling Turton Castle Hall, Mirfield Sir Richard Beaumont Sir Thomas Beaumont Plaster Ceiling at Whitley Hall Fireplace and Oak Panelling, Whitley Hall The Hermitage, Whitley Hall The Temple, Whitley Hall “Me Warm now” First Lascelles Hall Second Lascelles Hall .. Octagon Coat of Arms, Lascelles Hall “ Black Jack ” Present Lascelles Hall ae aa Ground Plan of Lascelles Halls Arms of Kaye Woodsome Hall and Oak Panels wll Arms of Kaye on Ceiling, Woodsome Hall .. Arms of Thurgarland ‘ Lyley Hall Arms of Hinchcliffe Arms of Bernard Arms of Fleming Arms of Langley Seal of Thomas Langley, Lond Laurence Dalton, Norroy King of Arms Dives House Math. North and his Seven Sons Atkinson’s Houses, Moldgreen Plan of East portion of Dalton 1649 The Myers, Dalton . Pillion Riding ‘ Ravensknowle, Dalton Templars’ Cross. .

ix PAGE 76 80 82 84 89 go 95 I16 117 118-119 118-119 II8-119g 120 122 124-125 124-125 124-125 124-125 I24-125 126 127 128 130 132 134 136 138-139 138-139 139 139 146 147 148 I51 I51I 154 150 157 158 159 160 161 162 163

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x ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE Dalton Lodge, Greenhead, and Oaklands, Dalton .. ne a 165 Ghost .. ai ens . 2 9 166 Gate-house Kirklees Priory, and Robin Hood’s Grave aa 2 Be 166-167

War Memorial, Kirkheaton Church i ss i 172

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KIRKHEATON CHURCH. (1818).

THE PARISH CHURCH OF KIRKHEATON. (After alterations 1823).

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LNUSHYd HHL

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DISTANT VIEW OF KIRKHEATON CHURCH FROM LOWER LASCEI.LES HALL.

VIEW OF KIRKHEATON CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-WEST.

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KIRKHEATON CHURCH, LOOKING EAST. XVIth CENTURY

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INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST,

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Pe I i

INTERIOR OF CHURCH LOOKING

WEST.

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AQDITION 164) “for

THE PARISH CHURCH OF KIRKHEATON = =~

SCALES OF PLANS OF

THE CHURCHES FROM WHICH THIS

9 wa

eee:

ADDITIONS 1664 4 i701

oe

ALTERATION 1625

Pa

SS CENTURY

ar or

PPPs bn

16

IS PHOTOGRAPHED ARE 16 FT.

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KIRKHEATON

TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE.

“In tracing history should you find Some incident that strikes the mind, Be not constrained to pass it o’er, But bring it forth from days of yore.” N the northern counties the place name Heaton, with various prefixes and I terminals is often met with, but there is only one other Kirkheaton, namely a Chapelry in Northumberland, nine miles north east of Hexham. Heaton was originally spelt Heton and living there in olden days was a family of De Heton of whom the following legend is told:—First they were enobled and dwelt at Earls Heaton, but falling into felonous ways they removed to Hanging Heaton, and finally having received the absolution of the Church they settled at Kirkheaton. Soruns the story, but it is probable that Earlsheaton and Hangingheaton, which are in the original parish of Dewsbury, derived their names from the Earls Warren, the ancient Lords of the great Manor of Wakefield, who are said to have had a gallows at Hangingheaton and hence the title. Mr. F. W. Moorman says Heaton is deduced from the Old English words Heli—high, and Tun—an enclosure, which would appropriately become:—An enclosure on High ground. The parish of Kirkheaton co. York consists of the four townships of Heaton, Dalton, Lepton, and Upper Whitley, the latter now including Denby, which was formerly a separate vill, all in the Wapentake of Agbrigg, and all mentioned in that great historical treasure the Domesday Book of which we English people may well be proud, for we have in it a record such as no other nation can produce :— “ The King had mickle thought and sooth deep speech with his Witan about his land, how it were set and with whilk men,” and that “deep speech ’’—so called in our own tongue—resulted in the Chronicle to which our forefathers gave the name of Domesday, the book of judgement that spared no man, for be it remembered the Conqueror’s Commissioners were Tax-gatherers first and Chroniclers afterwards. These old Anglo-Saxon settlements are thus described in the Survey :— Heptone, two brothers had three carucates of land for geld, and three ploughs may be there. Time of King Edward it was worth twenty shillings. Wood

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2 KIRKHEATON.

pasturable one leuga and a half in length and one leugain breadth. has it and Gamel of him, but it is waste. “In Daltone, Alric had two carucates of land for geld, and two ploughs may be there. Wood pasturable five quarenteens in length and four in breadth. Now Suuen has it of Ilbert. He has one plough there, and two Villans with one plough. Time of King Edward it was worth twenty shillings now ten shillings. In Lepton, Gerneber had three carucates of land for geld, and three ploughs may be there. IlIbert has it. Wood pasturable one leuga in length and one in breadth. Time of King Edward it was worth twenty shillings but it is waste. In Witelaia, Gerneber had five carucates of land for geld where two ploughs may be. Now Gamel and Elric have four Villans there with four ploughs (of Ibert). Four acres of meadow there. Wood pasturable one leuga in length and one in breadth. Time of King Edward it was worth forty shillings now . In Denebi, Aldene had three carucates of land for geld and two ploughs may be there. Time of King Edward it was worth twenty shillings. Wood pasturable one leuga in length and one in breadth. has it and it is waste.1 It will be seen from this account that there had been a very great decrease in value and deterioration in fertility owing to the ravages of the Normans. Heaton was returned as waste by William’s emissaries; Dalton had declined one half, Lepton was waste, Whitley seems to have perplexed the Domesday authorities, and they were apparently so much in doubt as to the assessment that they left it blank, Denby was waste. We know little of the Saxon possessors of these manors, but even after the lapse of more than eight hundred years we have a feeling of sympathy for them. We can imagine those who were not at Hastings hearing of the great battle and the Norman Duke, then his mail clad knights would come to claim the lands the Conqueror had confiscated and given to them; and the Saxon Noble would have to leave the home of his fathers, or serve as a tenant where he had ruled as a Thane. How the men of Yorkshire must have sighed for the good old times when the Confessor was King.

1In Domesday the “‘ carucate’’ and ‘‘ hide’ were not standard measures, but varied considerably, the normal area is said to have been 120 acres. Theploughalso fluctuated in extent according to the nature of the soil; it was as much land as could be cultivated with a yoke of oxen, frequently 120 acres. The “ bovate”’ and “ oxgang”’ were likewise capricious measurements, both estimated as 15 acres, and were apparently used in relation to the holdings of tenants who, under feudal law, were liable to contribute one ox to the manorial team for each bovate or oxgang of the tenure. The leuga is supposed to have been 14 miles, and the “‘ quarentina”’ 1 furlong, or 220 yards. ** Geldland”’ was that liable to tax or subsidy. See Kirkby’s Inquest, Surtees Soc.; Brown’s Inquests, Yorks. Arch. Soc, Record Series; Vinogradoff’s Growth of the Manor. Eyton’s Domesday Studies, etc. The approximate discrepancy of 1670 acres in the totals of the surveys of Domesday in 1086 and the Ordnance of 1848-51 is an example of the variation in the area of the carucate and also suggests that the dimensions of woods in leugas were probably the approximate greatest length and breadth, irrespective of their irregular outline, without reducing them into equivalent square measure. With regard to Dalton the Domesday area is so small that an alteration of the boundaries might be suspected. Of allthe five divisions Upper Whitley seems to have been the most cultivated and valuable in Saxon times, and we learn from the Conqueror’s Survey that the average rentals of the lands and pastures contained in the whole of them—according to Domesday computation of area—was about 1/6th of a penny per acre. The desolation wrought by the Normans is vividly shown by the fact that Dalton was the only district which continued to be tilled, and even there the deterioration in value amounted to one half, all the others were laid waste. These figures give a good indication of the worth of money at that period.

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TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE. 3

At the time of Domesday the four townships of Heaton, Dalton, Lepton and Whitley were part of the great Saxon parish of Dewsbury which is estimated to have had an area of 400 square miles.1 The date when they were made parochial is not known, but it was before 1220, and it was not until after that time that the prefix ‘‘ Kirk” was added. In inquisitions and charters of these early times the terms East and West Heton frequently occur, designations which since then have entirely disappeared. They are mentioned in a grant dated 1348 by John de Heton of Mirfield to John son of Sir John de Eland, Kt., of his manors of Mirfield, Westheton, and Estheton.? The geographical formation of Heaton is a ridge or hill, naturally dividing the township into eastern and western slopes, which may be the origin of these extinct names. This supposition is confirmed by the following early but undated evidence

in the Chartulary of Fountains:—

“Grant by William son of Eudo de Hetton of all the land which he had in Hettonerodes in exchange for four acres of land which the monks have given him between the two Hettons (inter duas Hettonas). Moreover he has given them an acre and a rood of land in Kalnebothmes? in exchange for an acre and a rood which they have given him between the two Hettons. Test. Jordan de Hetton, Thomas de Flamang, Alan (or Adam) de Wytteley, William Wythand, and

others.’’*

The manors, or vills, of the four townships were given by the Conqueror to Ilbert de Lacy, the first of the powerful family of that name. These tenures along with one hundred and fifty others he consolidated into the great Barony, or Honour of Pontefract. He was the proud feudal lord who founded the Castle there and the Chapel of St. Clement within its walls. Now-a-days as we stroll round these ruined battlements to whose crumbling stones romance clings like ivy, or cross the sunlit turf which covers the Castle Yard,® we pause and listen to the whispers of the ages that are gone:—

‘* Visions of the days departed, shadowy phantoms fill the brain, They who live in history only, seem to walk on earth again.”

It was from Pontefract that the Seneschal came to receive the rents or to demand the service of the men of Kirkheaton. Dr. Whitaker in Loidis and Elmete p. 375 refers to the statement made by Dr. Richardson that there was a small Roman town near Kirkheaton, but there is no trace of it now, or any record of its whereabouts. The Round Wood in Dalton may have suggested this to him, although there is no evidence or local tradition of its existence there. This peculiar circular hill rises abruptly from the middle of a broad valley, the sides are steep and covered with timber, but the top is flat and forms a large plateau on which there is ample space for a rectangular enclosure

1 See Whitaker’s Loidis and Elmete, p. 298. 2 Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. XII, p. 297. 8 Kalnebothmes is now Colnebridge. 4 Chartulary of Fountains Abbey by W. T. Lancaster, F.S.A. 5 On the rock-hewn walls of the steps leading to an underground chamber beneath the Castle yard, the names of several of the garrison or prisoners during the Civil War are incised, and in a recess near the bottom of the deep

descent is roughly cut:—J, Gaulson, 1647.

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4 KIRKHEATON.

to have been built. Itis asudden isolated eminence of natural shale and sandstone and nowhere upon it is there any sign of early human handiwork, The whole parish might be said to resemble in outline the discarded Jack-boot of a seventeenth century Cavalier, the crumpled top being Heaton and Dalton, the worn down heel Lepton and the instep and toe pointing eastward Upper Whitley. It contains an area of about 6930 acres of hilly country, broken up into nabs, plateaux, and valleys, varying from 150 to 775 feet above sea level. Its greatest length is some 6} miles fluctuating in width from ? to 34 miles. On the north it is bounded by the river Calder and the parishes of Hartshead and Mirfield, on the east by the township of Hopton in the parish of Mirfield, the manor of Briestfield in the township of Lower Whitley in the parish of Thornhill, and the township of Shitlington also in the parish of Thornhill, on the south by the chapelry of Flockton in the parish of Thornhill, and the hamlet of High Burton in the parish of Kirkburton, and on the west by Woodsome beck, the parish of Almondbury, the river Colne, the parish of Huddersfield, and the hamlet of Bradley in Huddersfield. It is situated in the south-west corner of the county on one of the outer salients of the Pennine range, within little more than a dozen miles of the place where Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire and Derbyshire converge upon each other, on those vast rolling moors that stretch with slight interruption from the Peak to the Cheviots. Despite the scars and disfigurements of much of the country in this part of the West Riding by manufactories and tall chimneys, Kirkheaton still retains some of its bygone beauty, and many of the views from higher ground are very fine. From the “ Round About ” in Heaton which commands the valleys of the Calder and the Colne, twenty-six Churches can be counted and from Butter Nab at the top of the Cowmes in Lepton, there is a beautiful panorama of the Kirkburton valley; Storthes Hall woods; Woodsome Hall bowered in ancestral trees, with Farnley Tyas on the rising uplands behind it; Molly Carr wood where the nightingale once sang; the village of Almondbury, and towering above all Castle Hill, with its ancient earthworks of pre-Roman date, and the foundations of a stronghold of King Stephen’s time. The hill is now crowned with the Memorial Tower of Queen Victoria’s long reign. The top of the Tower is 1000 ft. above sea level; it is within the Municipal boundary of Huddersfield, and probably constitutes a record as being the highest point of any English borough. The minerals of the parish now obtained are stone and coal from several quarries and pits. The coal pits are small and none of them deep: that coal has been won here for at least three centuries is shown by an abstract from the Court Rolls made by Roger Dodsworth in 1629:—“ The Jurors say that William Wode of Lepton and Elizabeth Beaumont of Lascell-hall, widow, do not cover the coal pits in Heton.” Fifty or sixty years ago only those seams comparatively near to the surface were worked and most of these were entered by ‘‘ day-holes,” or adits driven horizontally into the sides of the hills, but latterly shafts have been sunk, and the getting of coal placed on a more up-to-date system. In some of these mines the measures were so thin, that a collier who became corpulent was unable to work in them. In the Chartulary of Fountains there are several allusions to iron being found in Heaton, of which the following is an interesting XIII century example.

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PLAN OF THE PARISH OF KIRKHEATON consisting of the Townships of Heaton, Dalton, Lepton, and Upper Whitley.

I. The Parish Church. II, Mold Green Church. III. Lepton Church, IV. Grange Moor Chapel of Ease.

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TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE. 5

“ Grant by Walter de Busc and Eclid his wife to the Monks in pure and perpetual alms of all the dead wood belonging to their four bovats of land in the wood of Heton and the minerals they may be able to find in the territory of the same Vill as far as belongs to all the grantors’ land, and in wood and in plain, except corn and meadow, and the land cultivated after Henry, King of England, son of Matilda, was first crowned. Be it known that of the said dead wood they shall take sufficient material for their buildings, and charcoal for their forges, but they shall not give or sell any dead wood except through the grantors or their heirs. Warranty and acquittance against service for a recognition of XII pence yearly. In witness and remembrance of this donation the Monks have given them of their charity XX shillings. For firmly holding to all these things the grantors have sworn faith, Walter in the hand of Walter le Flamang and Edid in the hand of Diana wife of the said Walterle Flamang. Test: William the priest of Heton, Walter le Flamang, William de Ledes, Geoffrey and John sons of Diana, Thomas son of Peter, Uctred de Mirfeld, Richard the club-man (clauiger), Roger de Suineheue, and Thomas Flamong.”’ That these minerals included iron is more or less confirmed by the Will of John Clayton of Kirkheaton dated 1490/1 in which there is the bequest :— ‘«To Richard my son my tenement in Wodehouse, provided that Robert my son shall have VI marks yearly for four years from the Iron mine of the said tenement with its appurts if the said Iron mine happen to continue.” In those days the ironstone must have been found near to the surface and was no doubt reached by digging down to it from the top in an open pit or quarry, its whereabouts being indicated by the ochre deposited in the springs and streams. The working of iron in some form or other, first recorded in the Chartulary in the XIII century, continued in Kirkheaton for 500 years and glimpses of the industry can be gathered during the passing ages: a. Escheat 3rd Elizabeth—Thomas Beaumont died 29th July, 1560. His son and heir is Richard aged 36. He held one water-milne and the iron mill (molendin ferrar) called Colnesmithie and a parcel of land called le Smythie place, with the right of water to the mill (introit acque). b. Yorkshire Fines, Yorks. Arch. Records, Vol. 58, p. 190, 1622. John Ramsden, gent. Quer: Richard Beaumont gent., and Elizabeth his wife, and Thomas Beaumont gent. Def:—Mill, Iron foundry (fabrica ferrea), etc. in Kirkheaton, etc. Warranty against heirs of Wm. Beaumont, gent. decd., father of the said Richard and Thomas. c. Will of Thomas Dickens of Overheaton, dated 1690. Bequeathed VIs. VIIId. yearly to the Poor of Kirkheaton as long as the lease he had of Colnebridge Forge should continue. d. Tablet in Kirkheaton Church to Francis Watts of Colnebridge Forge who died 1737. e. Diary of Charles Brook of Colnebridge Forge, 12th July, 1776. Began rolling hoops, being the first that were ever rolled at Colnebridge. There are traces of another mineral at Spa Green in Lepton, where there is a Sulphur spring from which the place takes its name. The only use that has been made of it, however, was long ago when some of the old women Cotters in the hamlet made their tea with it, saying that it greatly improved the quality of the beverage, which must have been a taste needing many potions to acquire. The streams and rivers of the parish are:—The Church Ing beck which runs into Dalton beck below the old Corn-mill near the Church and together they flow into _ the Colne at Dalton Lees, which two miles Eastwards joins the Calder. There were bridges of ancient date across the Colne and Calder connecting Kirkheaton with Bradley and Mirfield. The first builders of these were the Monks of Fountains and the Nuns of Kirklees; they would be constructed of wood and are mentioned in

Page 22

6 KIRKHEATON.

the grant of Adam, son of Ralph son of Nicholas de Bradley in W. T. Lancaster’s Chartulary of Fountains Vol. I, p. 126 and 7, they were in existence as early as the latter half of the XIIth century, civca 1170-90, and of course have long since been replaced by stone arches. At the Court of the lord of the Manor of Dalton held in January 1506/7 the Jurors said that “ Richard Armitage of Heton and John Snape of Aumbere were fishers in Dalton water and the Water of the Coune within the domaine of Dalton, therefore they were severally in mercy for XXd. each.” The Rev. Joseph Ismay, Vicar of the adjoining parish of Mirfield, describing the neigh- bourhood in 1750 wrote of Salmon, Trout and Grayling being abundant. These waters have ceased to be clear and crystal; they still “‘ wind in and out and round about,” but no longer can lusty Trout and Grayling be found under their shady banks, but long ago to the streams of Kirkheaton, the rhyme might have been applicable :— “Upon a river’s bank serene, A fisher stood where all was green, And looked it. He saw just as the light grew dim, A fish, or else the fish saw him, And hooked it. He took with high elated comb, That fish, or else the story home, And cooked it. Recording Angels by his bed, Weighed all that he had done and said, And booked it.”

Ismay adds “‘ there are wild fowl, widgeon, and teal, in the marshes, hares, pheasants, woodcock, partridge, snipe, plover, woodpigeon, woodpeckers and nightingales in the woods and fields; hunting, fishing and shooting are the diversions mostly followed.” Another Diarist in 1777 tells us of going ‘a coursing” and “a shooting’ in Kirkheaton with the Rev. John Sunderland, at that time Curate of the parish. Tib-nether-end seems to have been one of their favourite haunts, but they do not appear to have made very heavy “ bags.’’ These woods still stand with a bridle-path running through them from Colnebridge to Battyford bounded by a deep ditch. Into this years ago,a Yettoner! with a wry neck wending his homeward way and having refreshed himself too freely at a neighbouring hostelry had the misfortune to fall and lay in bacchanalian slumber until found by a passing stranger, who seeing the poor fellow’s head twisted half way round, thought some serious accident had befallen him, but in endeavouring to straighten it, was startled by a hic-coughing voice that cried out in strangled tones ‘‘ Born so, born so!” There were originally several open spaces of unenclosed land in the parish of Kirkheaton namely:—Heaton Moor, Bog Green and Helm Common, in Heaton; Dalton Green, Mold Green and Little Carr Green in Dalton; Cownes Common, and Gawthorpe Green in Lepton; and Grange Moor in Upper Whitley. One hundred and seventy years ago these Greens and Commons were bright with golden furze,

1 The local name for a native of Heaton.

Page 23

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TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE. 7

wild roses and emerald grass, where horses, donkeys, cows, sheep, pigs and geese, wandered at will. Two of these ‘‘ Wastes ”’ in Dalton were watered by brooks, a nameless streamlet being the southern border of Dalton Green, and the Penny-dyke the western boundary of Mold Green. Court Rolls are generally an amusing source of information as to the rights of the Manorial-lords in regard to the Commons, but the fragments that have come down to us in the case of Heaton relate to the scattered Manor of the Knights of St. John and are unusually barren of interest beyond the transfer of land and fines imposed upon tenants for non-attendance. Those for Lepton and Whitley are not available, but a considerable portion of the Dalton Rolls are in the writer’s possession and the following extracts give an insight into some of the customs of bygone days :— 1526. Seven of the lord’s tenants were fined IIJli. XVs. for having cut down 75 oaks growing upon the Waste of the lord, estimated at 25 waggon loads. 1558. The tenants were ordered to repair the Pinfold. 1561. Thomas Beaumont, gent. was called upon to agree with the lord, or give up a parcel of land which he had enclosed from the lord’s Waste at Dalton Green. 1578. ‘‘ A pain was laid” that all persons should ring their pigs and keep them rung and controlled under a penalty of IIlJd. for every pig. 1655. Merriam Armytage of Almondbury was amercyed to the lord IIJs. IVd. for having brought geese to feed upon Mold Green contrary to right. In 1804-5 when Napoleon visited the French camp at Boulogne and said “ Let us be masters of the Channel for six hours and we are masters of the world,” an invasion of England was imminent and three hundred thousand volunteers were mustered. A local contingent of these was drilled on Dalton Green. Upon such Commons there were extensive patches of brambles; the sheep rubbed and pushed their way through these while grazing and in so doing some of their fleece was torn from them. This wool belonged by prescriptive right to the poor, but they were only allowed to gather it during daylight, because under cover of darkness it would have been easy for dishonest persons to have pulled it from the sheep instead of the thorns. The privilege must have been a considerable one when in 1700 the importation of cotton into England was prohibited and wool and linen were the only materials of which the peasants could have their garments made. The following verse from an old ditty is an illustration of this practice:— now the Commons are ta’en in, And the bushes all cut down, Poor Betty’s got no wool to spin For her linsey-woolsey The production of Woollen Cloth has for ages been the staple trade of the district, but in modern times many other industries have been introduced. Traces of the making of cloth in the West Riding are discernable at a very early period by the mention of Fulling mills in ancient deeds and charters, but it was not until the sixteenth century that it became extensive. Halifax was one of the first places where the manufacture of Kersey Wollens was carried on, and the trade quickly

1 Linsey-woolsey was a coarse cloth made by weaving a linen warp and woollen weft.

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8 KIRKHEATON.

spread to other towns and villages. Other styles of fabric followed and Kerseys! came to be designated “‘ Old Draperies” on account of our north country Clothiers challenging the supremacy of the makers, in East Anglia, of the new Bays and Shalloons? which had been introduced by the refugees from France and the Nether- lands caused by the massacre of St. Bartholomew and the persecutions of the Duke of Alva. The quaint rhyme runs:— “Hops, Reformation, Bays and Beer, Came to England all in one year.” Time rolled on and many other styles of cloth were introduced; the invention of the Jacquard loom led to the manufacture in Kirkheaton of figured quiltings, fancy waistcoatings, etc., which were still the product of the old hand loom weaver. One has only to look at those stone built houses scattered over the parish, often high up the hills, midst the fresh air and breezes where the bygone generations loved to dwell, and an outstanding feature of the older cottages would strike the stranger at once—those long curious upper windows of many lights and mullions! Behind them years ago sat the weaver, a representative of former conditions before the great industrial revolution caused by steam power in the nineteenth century. As he sat there he was the owner of his implements, the master of his time, and the merchant of his labour, sometimes also of the materials upon which he worked. In the old days the latter type of man would go to Huddersfield, buy his wool and carry it home upon his back. It was then spread out on the kitchen floor, sprinkled with oil, beaten with sticks, combed with hand cards, sometimes having been previously dyed in a large leaden vessel. Next it was spun into warp or weft on the old spinning wheel, woven in the wooden hand loom, and after spreading the cloth in long folds upon the floor, and covering each layer with an odorous compound, pressed into the texture by the united feet of the household trampling upon it, the smelling bundle would be carried to the Fulling mill to be washed, and fulled, coming back to the homestead dripping wet, to be stretched upon the long tenter frames in the open fields to dry. Finally it would be taken to the Huddersfield Cloth Hall and sold at some Tuesday’s market. This was the routine of the primitive Clothiers, and it lasted with many of them until the close of the eighteenth century. As prosperity increased men of capital were attracted by the success of these traders. Master Clothiers built warehouses, dyehouses and spinning mills.2 They would be considered small now, but were all important then—and the weavers who were still the owners of their looms and the arbiters of their working hours and leisure ceased to spin and dye. They were no longer the proprietors of the material upon which they toiled, for the warp and weft were supplied by their employers; they took it to their cottages, wove, and returned the cloth to the warehouses, where the final processes of “ finishing ” were completed. 1 The Kersey was a coarse woollen cloth made in white, blue and red and other colours. It was warm, and possessed admirable qualities for keeping out rain, wind and cold. 2 The Bay and Shalloon were light cloths, a mixture of woollen and worsted. The Shalloon wasso-called from Chalons, the French town where it was first made. 3 The writer’s grandfather James Tolson, built such a warehouse etc., at Mill Hill, Dalton and at one time

employed between 1000 and 1100 handloom weavers. These premises are now demolished and the Corporation Sanatorium stands on the site.

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COTTAGE HAND-LOOM WEAVING.

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TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE. 9

One of the processes of “‘ finishing ’’ was by clipping the superfluous fibres with large shears, and the men who did this were called “ Croppers.’’ The introduction of machinery to supersede this and other hand labour gave rise to the Luddite Riots, so well described in Charlotte Bronté’s novel “ All this has gone and passed away for ever, but does not romance still cling to those old windows on the hill side and the man who sat there doing what now seems so out of date and antiquated? Was he not much more free, independent, and of more trenchant character than those who have succeeded him in the huge factories of to-day ? “Like many other memories the Weaver’s pass’d away, Or lingers with age-stricken men who still keep Time at bay.” From the reigns of Edward I to the roth year of George I, 1724, there was a tax, or ulnage on the manufacture of Woollen cloth, with the object of enforcing various statutes concerning length, breadth, etc., and for the purpose of revenue. The Crown farmed out the collection, and the leaseholder in turn sub-let to others who gathered the imposts by means of representatives scattered over the clothing districts; these officials visited the houses of the Clothiers and fixed a seal on each piece of cloth which was to be offered for sale. By Letters Patent under the Great Seal of England dated the first year of Queen Mary—1553/4—Michael Wentworth of Ottes in Essex, one of the Masters of the Royal household whose descendants were afterwards of Woolley, co. York, and Robert Waterhouse of Halifax, with his sons John, George and Gregory, were granted “ the farm and subsidy of ulnage of Woollen cloth made in the county of York, with the moiety of all forfeitures of cloth put to sale not sealed with the seal ordained for the same, for the yearly rent of four score and sixteen pounds two shillings.” This area was partitioned mutually between them, and Kirkheaton with some forty other localities fell to the share of Wentworth, Halifax and many other towns being assigned to the Waterhouses. Wentworth again subdivided his interest disposing of 3/16ths of Kirkheaton and other places to George Kaye, who is described as of Wetherby, Robert Kaye of Wakefield, and Thomas, Richard and Nicholas Kaye, all brothers, for which they paid {26 13s. 3d. per year. Another portion, probably only a remnant of the original lease was sold by Wentworth’s executors in 1561 to John Kaye of Woodsome for £140. The pro- portion in which the “ four score and sixteen pounds’ Crown rental was paid by Wentworth and the Waterhouses is not known, but assuming it was equal, the farming of ulnage must have been very profitable when 3/16" of a presumed half share produced what has just been shown in addition to that unascertained moiety of forfeited cloth ! The amount of tax charged the Clothier varied according to the nature and quality of the piece—a whole Cloth of Assize viz: of fixed standard, length and breadth paid 4d. and 4d. for the seal, and in the 17th century Bays were assessed 3d., Challoons 14d. and Kerseys 1d. Doubtless these early Clothiers grumbled and fumed at the charges made upon them for ulnage, but their trade was fostered and protected in other ways; one form of assistance was curious and gruesome, for in 1666 an act of Parliament was

Cc

Page 28

Io

KIRKHEATON.

WEAVER’S COTTAGE.

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DUMB STEEPLFE, GRANGE MOOR.

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TOPOGRAPHY AND TRADE. II

passed ordering the use of Woollen for the burial of the dead, which was intended to encourage the manufacture of this cloth and prevent the importation of Cotton. Pope has immortalized this in his ‘‘ Moral Essays,” by the allusion to Mrs. Oldfield, the actress who died in 1731. “Odius ! in woollen! ’twould a saint provoke, Were the last words that poor Narcissa spoke: No, let a charming chintz, and Brussels lace Wrap my cold limbs, and shade my lifeless face.”’

See :—Exchequer Suit 28th Eliz. in Record Office, London. Hist. of Halifax, p.212. Hist. South Yorks. Vol. II, p. 388. Letter Books of I. Holroyd and S. Hill. At Grange Moor, in a field at a short distance to the East of the high road from Huddersfield to Wakefield, there is an obelisk marked on the Ordnance map as “‘ a dumb It is a solid conical structure of rough mortared stone some 6 ft. in diameter at the base and 20 or 25 feet in height and bears on the southern face a tablet with the inscription :— REBUILT BY RICHRD H. BEAUMONT ESQR. 1766. Although it stands at an elevation of some 700 feet the view from it is not very extensive, for to the South and West it is obstructed by the contour of the sur- rounding lands, but to the North and East it overlooks Whitley Hall woods, Whitley Lower, Briestfield, and Thornhill Edge. There is an absence of legend, or tradition concerning it, but the fact that it was rebuilt 150 years ago by the owner of the Whitley estate shows it to have been an object of interest or importance at that time. No doubt when it was first erected Grange Moor was unenclosed Common land and it has been suggested that the obelisk marks an ancient boundary of the two domains of Beaumont of Whitley and Kaye of Grange. Be this as it may, there it stands appropriately called “ dumb steeple ”’ for it tells us nothing of its origin and remains a silent witness of we know not what.

CHAPTER II.

FEUDAL HISTORY.

NDER the feudal system, after the Conquest, England was divided into U Baronies,of which the Lascy Honour of Pontefract, that included the town- ships subsequently forming the parish of Kirkheaton, was an important example. The holders of these lordships were required to provide the King with

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12 KIRKHEATON.

Knights and Retainers: these Knights in turn held the sub-divided lands of their paramount lord by homage, fealty and a great variety of tenures, some of which were merely nominal such:as a pepper corn, a grain of cummin, a red rose, a pair of gloves, while others were of more value, as a tun of wine, or a gold spur, and some- times by service, as holding the lord’s stirrup, guarding his castle, or ploughing his demesne. The lands of these subinfeudatories were termed “ Fees”’ of the Crown Vassal. A Knight’s fee was as much land as would maintain him and his retainers, and varied in amount from about I00 to 500 acres. The Saxon owners of the townships of Kirkheaton given by William the Con- queror to Ilbert de Lascy have been mentioned in the previous chapter, and we are able to append the names of some of the chief subsidiary vassals to whom Ilbert granted these manors.

The Domesday Survey in 1086 says:—

Heaton was held by Gamel. Dalton do. Suuen. Lepton do. Ilbert, but it was waste. Whitley Upper do. Gamel and Elric. Denby, formerly a subdivision of Whitley do. Ilbert, but it was waste.

One hundred years later civca 1180-1210.

Feofees in Heaton:— Adam and Thomas, sons of Assolf. Thomas known as of Leeds and Kirkheaton. Up to the time of Adam this family seem to have used no surname, but about this period they adopted “ De Birkin ” as their cognomen, derived from their principal Manor of that name. Jordan, son of Richard de Heton. The de Hetons are believed to have been the founders of Kirkheaton Church. Uctred, and Hugh, sons of Ravenkill de Mirefeld, who appears to have been the ancestor of the Mirefelds of Howley in the parish of Batley. Walter de Brux and Edith his wife who are deemed to have been the parents of William Whit- haud.

Feoffees in Dalton:—

Reiner le Fleming, probably the founder of the Priory of Kirklees, temp. Henry I, 1154-89. Jordan Tagun, who married Amabel de Witteley and had a son Ralph Tagun and a daughter Margery de Flocton.

Feoffees in Lepton:— William de Nevile and Amabel his wife dau: of Adam Fitzswaine. Humphrey de Lacells was an Undertenant, ante 1220. Feoffees in Whitley :—

Thomas son of Hugh de Dransfeld. John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Chester, gave all the lands of Thomas Dransfeld in the vill of Whitley to John Montebegon (or Muncebot) who, if he died without issue appointed William de Bellomonte his heir, 1232-40. This William de Bellomont was probably the son of William de Bellomont who accompanied Roger de Lacy, the father of John de Lacy, and Richard Coeur de Lion on the third Crusade in 1190, and who on his return from Palestine had a grant of land in Huddersfield.

Feoffees in Denby:—

Ralph de Nevile and his subinfeudatories Henry son of Sweyn de Denby, and William son of Osbert de Denby.

After the lapse of another century we find in the Knights Fees for Yorkshire

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FEUDAL HISTORY. 13

31st Edward 1302, that the holders of the lands of the parish of Kirkheaton were :— The Abbot of Fountains had obtained } of Heaton by the grant of John de Birkin, who had received it from William son of Thomas of Leeds and Heaton. The Knights Templars. By whose grant it is not known. Adam de Hopton. William de Heton, son of Sir John de Heton by his wife Joan daughter and co-heir of Sir Alex. de Nevile of Mirfeld. One of the Undertenants in 1304 was Jordan son of Ralph of Telefowe of Heton. Dalton :— Not mentioned in the Knights Fees, but in Dodsworth’s Agbrigg Notes there is the Escheat of 35th Edward I, 1306/7. ‘“‘ The Jurors say that Wm. le Fleming held, the day that he hath died, the town of Dalton, one moiety of Sir Thomas de Burgh and another moiety of Margaret de Nevile, by homage and fealty, and there is there 60 acres of land in demesne. Reynerus le Fleming his son and heir is of the age of 33 years.”

Some of the Under-tenants were:—

John de Dalton .. ee ee we .. in 1302. Thomas Dalton, Clerk .. we we .. in 1307. Wm. son of Gilbert de Dalton .. .. in 1307. Thomas Dives is we ae «. in 13I5. Robt. Balle, Clerk a8 a ia -. in 1330. Thos. son of Robt. de Stocks .. -. in 1332.

The Langleys of Rawthorpe were tenants in Dalton soon after this time for Henry Langley, presumed to be of Dalton is mentioned in the Will of his brother Cardinal Thomas Langley, Bishop of Durham, and Lord Chancellor, who died in 1437, and bequeathed to Henry “ a pot of silver gilt.”

Lepton:—

Adam de Everingham, son of Sir Robert de Everingham by his wife Isabel daughter of John de Birkin, heiress to the great inheritance of her brother Thomas de Birkin. From the Evering- hams their Lepton Fee passed to Sir Wm. Elys of Parlington, whose son Robt. Elys of Everingham died without issue in 1463, having previously granted part of his Lepton estate to his kinsman Richard Elys of Lepton. The other portion of the Fee reverted to a surviving branch of the Everinghams and descended to Sir Henry Everingham Kt., lord of Birkin, who sold all his lands in Lepton and Flockton to Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall for Xh., 33rd Henry VIII, 1541/2. John de Heton, son of Thomas de Heton, son of Sir John de Heton who married the daughter of Sir Alex. de Nevile and inherited Castle Hall, Mirfield, jure uxoris. This John de Heton granted to Sir Robt. de Bellomont, Kt. the homage and service of all his tenants in Lepton, 8th Edward II, 1314. This Sir Robt. de Bellomont is believed to have been the Sir Robt. slain by Sir John Elland, circa, 1335, which gave rise to the well known ballad, “‘ The Elland Feud.” Sir Robert Beaumont had eight sons of whom three, Sir John, Sir Thomas and Adam had lands in Lepton, which were granted to Adam de Hopton in 1350 and 1354. Adam de Hopton was evidently an ardent follower of the chase, and his hounds a ferocious pack, for by his Willin 1383/4 he left IVs. for satisfaction at the time of his death, if his hounds should have done injury to any animals in the parishes of Kirkheaton, Mirfield, Thornhill, or Dewsbury. Some of the under-tenants were :— Cicely and Agnes de Lascell, 1287. Nicholas de Lascells, 1306 and 1334.

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14 KIRKHEATON.

From whom Lascelles Hall seems to have taken its name. They were probably the descen- dants of Simon de Lascelles who held three Knights Fees in the Honour of Pontefract in 1166. He overcame Adam Fitz Peter by Wager of Battle in a dispute as to lands in Birkin late in the XIIth century. William son of Richard Testard,.... Robert the priest, son of Thomas de Lepton son of William de Rowley alias De Lepton, 1323. Roger, Robert, Richard, John, and Philip del Stages,..... William de Gawkethorpe......

Francis and Baldwin Tyes, .. . . 1324 Dr. Whitaker in Loidis and Elmet gives the following account of the power and arrogance of Feudalism. ‘‘ A mercer having seized for debt, a horse belonging

to William de Lepton, Esquire to Sir Francis Tyes, in consequence of which De Lepton was unable to attend his Knight to his great disgrace and loss, and Sir Francis re- covered 100 shillings compensation from the Mercer, equal at least to as many pounds of the present day.” Whitley :— The Earl of Lincoln. Henry de Lascy, Earl of Lincoln, jure uxoris Earl of Salisbury, Constable of Chester, and lord of the Honour of Pontefract, was the last and greatest member of the first and second houses to bear hisname. Heenjoyed the high favour of Edward I, he was Ambassador to the King of France in 1292, and in the following years took a prominent part in Edward’s wars in France and Scotland. He was born 1249/50, married Margaret daughter and heiress of William de Longespee Earl of Salisbury, and died 1310/12 “‘ at his mansion house in London,’’ which was afterwards converted into an Inn of Court—the well known Lincoln’s Inn—Both his sons died before him. His daughter and heiress Alice de Lascy, who accord- ing to Boothroyd’s History of Pontefract, was a lady of many amours, married Thomas Plantagenet Earl of Lancaster, who was beheaded at Pontefract in 1322 leaving no issue. On the death of Thomas the estates of the Lascies were absorbed in the Duchy of Lancaster andin 1399 merged into the Crown Although Whitley in 1302 is stated in the Knights Fees asin demesne of the Earl of Lincoln, there is no doubt that the Beaumonts held lands there, and fourteen years later in the “‘ Nomina Villarum,”’ 9th Edward II, Surtees Soc., Vol. 49, William son of William (de Beaumont) is shown to have been lord of this subdivision of the great Fee of Pontefract. Denby :— The Abbot of Byland. The monks of Byland had lands in Denby granted to them by William son of Osbert de Denby as early as 1175-86, the original charter for which is in the British Museum Add. MS., No. 7427, and bears a circular seal with a bird, wings displayed and the legend “‘ & Sigill. Willelmi de Denebi ” and endorsed ‘“ C Will’i fil’ Osb’ ti de Denebi de XII acris terre.” They had a further grant of land there by Henry son of Sweyn de Deneby, witnessed with others by Hugh Bardoff, Sheriff of Yorks, which fixes the date temp. Richard I, probably 1193, this also bears a circular seal with a lion passant in sinister and the legend “ mH Sigil Eurice F. Swaini F. Veciman ” and endorsed “ C.H. filii Swaini de Denby, British Museum Add. MS. No. 7416.2 As time went on the Monastery of Byland continued to acquire

1 In the reignof Queen Anne it was recognised that much of the Crown property was being squandered by Royal gifts and inexpedient sales resulting in the passing of an act to restrainthe practice. Beforethis took place however the parish of Kirkheaton had been alienated and was no longer the property of the Crown. 2 With regard to seals, Richard Holmes in the introduction to the second Volume of the Chartulary of Ponte- fract says:—‘‘ At this time they appear to have represented a person and not a family, for inthe British Museum there is a Confirmation No. 7423, of the Grant No. 7416 of lands in Denby to Byland Abbey, to which Symon son of Henry de Denbie adds. ‘‘ And because I have not a seal I have sealed this Charter with the seal of Jordan my prother.”” This probably accounts for the impressions attached to early documents instead of signatures, so often peing a device rather than a coat of arms.

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FEUDAL HISTORY. 15

property in Denby and in 1302 they appear to have held practically the whole of the vill and to have established a Grange there from which the present mansion of the Kayes—Denby Grange—no doubt takes its name. We know little of the transactions of the other vassals of this period, but the Neviles and Fitz Williams are said to have also made grants of land in Denby to Byland. As years rolled on the Feudal tenure of land by suit and service introduced into England by the Saxons, the slavery of which was increased by William I, and con- tinued throughout the Middle Ages, gradually fell into disuse and was superseded by the payment of copyhold rent and vassalage was finally abolished by statute r2th Charles II, 1663. But in the XIVth century a Serf or Native had not obtained emancipation and were still their lords property liable to be bought and sold with their families! at his caprice, and with little more consideration than the cattle of his manor. We have a local example of this in the following Charter. ‘‘ Let all present and future know that William de Heton fil Johannis de Heton, Knight, have given and quit-claimed to Adam fil Benedicti de Mirfeld and his heirs for a certain sum of money which the said Adam has paid into my hands, Wm. fil. Rogeri Fabrieii de —— formerly his native with all his following born and to be born, and with all his chattles moveable and immoveable. Witnesses—John de Pontefracto, Adam de Heley, Richard de Hopton, Adam de Denby and others. Dated at Shitlington, Sunday the Feast of St. Martin, 1313.’’ Harl. MS. 4630, fo. 279, British Museum. The Black Death of 1348 which swept away half the population created a great scarcity of labour and hastened the end of serfdom, and it was in the preaching of John Ball, the ‘‘ Mad Priest of Kent,” that England in the middle of the XIVth century, first listened to the knell of feudalism and the rights of man. The popular spirit fatal to serfdom was breathed in the rhyme of the time:— Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then the Gentleman ? ” The barbaric and licentious ‘‘ marcheta ’’ was commuted into a fine paid by a Serf for permission for his daughter to marry and to retain her chastity, the lord of the soil renouncing his feudal right to the first night’s lodging with the bride. The impoverishing ‘“ coshering,’ a feudal custom whereby the lord of the Manor was entitled to lodge and feast himself and his followers at his tenant’s house, ceased to be compulsory and other oppressive usages were abandoned. From the overthrow and debris of the ancient forms of tenure, slowly developed the free peasant and the yeoman—the latter above the rustic and beneath the lord—who have ever since been the stay and back-bone of England. to his grave his children’s children come, To shed a tear upon the Yeoman’s tomb, Still may these lines of him who sleeps below, Tell all they wish and all they need to know; This dust that rests beneath—this silent dust, In life was faithful, candid, plain, and just, Unplaced, unpensioned, neither fool nor knave, Was no man’s tyrant and was no man’s slave.”

1 Sometimes even described as “‘ his See Green’s History of the English People.

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16 KIRKHEATON.

It has been said that at the time of the Dissolution, the Monasteries were in possession of a large portion of the lands of England, which has been variously com- puted at one fifth to one third of the whole country. The parish of Kirkheaton seems to have been an example of this immense monopoly, for several of the early Military and Monastic Orders were landed proprietors in Heaton, Dalton, Lepton, and Whitley, the latter as already mentioned now including Denby, which was then a separate vill. The Knights Templars are mentioned in the Feoda Militum of Agbrigg as having IV bovates in Heaton in 1302, and in Vol. XII of the Yorks. Arch. Journal there is the following charter relating to their property in Lepton:—" Quitclaim by Anabilla, daughter of Roger del Stages to Baldwin son of Sir Franco le Tyeis of her share in lands which may come to her on the death of Robert son of Richard del Stages within the bounds of Lepton, or in le Stages, to hold of the Knights Templars at Neusum.” The death knell of the Templars was sounded 1309 by the Pope and Philip of France; envy and avarice laboured to bring about their destruction, they were accused of heresy, and immorality and finally suppressed, their estates being chiefly given to other Monastic Orders. They perished in one fate alike, The vet’ran and the boy, Where ’er the Royal arm could strike To torture and destroy; While darkly down the stream of time Devised by evil fame, Float murmurs of mysterious crime, And tales of secret shame.” That the Hospitallers or Knights of St. John held lands in all the four Townships is evident by an Inventory formerly at York, of XIIIth and XIVth century Deeds relating to the possessions of the Priory of St. John, in Kirkheaton, etc., and also in the Ministers’ Accounts of the Preceptory, or Commandry of Newland in 1535 in the Record Office, London, confirming the data already given. The Monks of Fountains are shown to have been extensive land owners in Heaton by 57 grants and confirmations in the Chartulary of their Abbey, edited by W. T. Lancaster, F.S.A., in 1915. Some part of Dalton was at one time held by them as appears in a charter quoted in Dodsworth’s Agbrigg Notes:—‘ The Abbot and Convent of Fountains gave to Rafe Tagum and his heirs for his homage and service, all that meadow in Dalton which the father of the said Rafe gave to them paying yearly ijs.” The Monks of Byland had lands in Denby by Charters in British Museum, Nos. 7427 and 7416, etc., already quoted, by the latter, Henry son of Sweyn de Denby gave them all his land in Denby except three acres, which the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem had by his gift. The monks were to give him 100s. and pay him and his heirs VIIs. VId. per annum. The Nuns of Kirklees had lands in Denby, but no documents of the grantors are available. That they did hold estate there is proved by the surrender of their tenures at the Dissolution. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. XVI, p. 339 and 345.

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ARMS OF TEMPLARS ARMS OF HOSPITALERS

HABIT OF HOSPITALERS

Page 37

ARMS OF FOUNTAINS

ARMS OF BYLAND

Page 38

SEALS OF THE MONASTERIES.

KIRKLEES. FOUNTAINS.

BYLAND.

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FEUDAL HISTORY. 17

Little is known as to the disposal of the properties of these Religious Houses on their suppression in 1539, with the exception of the possessions of Byland and Kirklees which were granted by Henry VIII in 1543 to Richard Andrews and William 35th Henry VIII. “All and singular our Messuages, lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, rights of pasture, rents, reversions, services, and other hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being in Denby in the parish of Heaton in our county of York, formerly belonging and appertaining to the late Priory of Kirklees in the same county, and now or late in the tenure or occupation of one William Clayton. And all our other lands and tenements in Denby aforesaid formerly belonging or appertaining to the same late Priory. And also all that our Grange of Denby in Denby aforesaid formerly belonging and appertaining to the late Abbey or Monastery of Bella Landa, otherwise called Byland, and now or late in the tenure or occupation of one John Clayton or his assigns. And all and singular our Messuage, lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, rights of pasture, rents, reversions, services, and other hereditaments whatsoever in Denby, Clayton, Whyteley, Brere- twesill and Flocton, in the parishes of Heaton, Thornhill and Emeley in our said county of York, demised or let with the same Grange to the same John. Also all that our Wood called Free Park containing by estimation six acres, and all that our Wood called Hooleroode, otherwise Holryde Woode containing by estimation seven acres, lying, growing and being in Denby aforesaid, formerly belonging and appertaining to the said late Monastery of Byland and excepted and reserved from the above mentioned lease of the said Grange of Denby made to the aforesaid John.”

The Templars had testamentary jurisdiction in the case of their tenants, and this right descended not only with their property that came to the Hospitallers, but also with those Manors which subsequently passed into Lay hands. Of this there was an example in Kirkheaton, and these testamentary records have either perished, or are lying neglected in some Solicitor’s Office, or Estate Muniment room. Wills proved in this Court would not be numerous, for should the tenant of the Manor have had “ bona notabilia,”’ z.e. Goods over the value of £5 in any other jurisdiction, the probate of his Will belonged to the Perogative Court of York. See Y.A.S. Records Vol. LXI, p. 5. These local Courts were called ‘‘ Peculiars.”

~

4 Richard Andrews was an extensive dealer in Abbey lands after the Dissolution, and William Ramsden was associated with him in some of his transactions, but Ramsden soon began to deal on his own account, he became a large buyer of these lands, so much so that the list of his purchases occupies two double column folio pages of the Index of Grants in the Augmentation Office, and an order was made that he should not be allowed to acquire any more. Hewasof Longley Hall, Huddersfield, and died in 1580, and the brother of John Ramsden also of Longley Hall,who was the ancestor of the present Sir John Frencheville Ramsden, 6th Baronet of Muncaster Castle, Cumber- land. D

Page 40

CHAPTER III.

ORIGIN, HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE CHURCH.

‘“ FN peaceful meadows near the “ Kirk Ing” stream, I Scathless alike of storm and calm, mellowed by setting suns, And buiit in days of yore, the old Church stands of which I dream, Within are Jacobean tombs, and older still, the record of a Saxon Thane, incised with runes, And in Gop’s acre, clustering close, and guarded by an immemorial Yew, The graves of those, long passed away, once wont to pray, And worship there, or haply slumber in some straight and high-backed pew; These were the years of yesterday ! But now my Church is bordered by both town and mills, Their grimy smoke and vitiating fumes, have stained and soiled each ancient wall, And marred and bared the neighbouring woods and hills, But chiming o’er the evening air the bells still tell us of Gop’s cali. So let it be! and to the faith of old, Add breadth and tolerance, till, like the morning sun, It turns the mists of earth to cloth of gold, And Churches, creeds, and sects are Catholic in one.”

The Parish Church of Kirkheaton is on the low ground where the boundaries of three of the townships converge near to where the Kirk Ing beck endsits course. Two daughter Churches have been built:—Christ’s Church, Mold Green, in 1863, which serves the populous portion of Dalton, and St. John the Evangelist, Lepton, in 1868, which ministers to the scattered inhabitants of that township; both having parochial districts allotted to them. At Grange Moor there is also St. Bartholomew’s Chapel of Ease, built in 1898 for the benefit of the people of Upper Whitley, which remains subordinate to the Mother Church. The Parish was originally in the Diocese of York, then Ripon, and now Wakefield. To trace the provenance of Kirkheaton Church we must go back to the barbaric centuries that followed the withdrawal of the Romans from England. The Celtic Britons never learnt to govern and consolidate themselves, and when the Roman legions were re-called, what are now the Southern counties, were soon afterwards raided by the Saxons, and the North Eastern lands, which became the Kingdom of

18

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1

LEPTON CHURCH.

The slated spire on this church was removed some years ago, and replaced by a flat roof.

MOLDGREEN CHURCH.

Page 42

GRANGE MOOR CHURCH.

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ORIGIN, HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE CHURCH. 19

Northumbria, including Deira (Yorkshire), and the Kingdom of Mercia, fell a prey to the Angles, who came from the south of Denmark. These Angles were pagans, the worshippers of Odin, Thor, and other deities. Although there were Christians in England during the Roman occupation, the mission of Paulinus to Yorkshire in 625, may be regarded as the period of conversion, and Monastic Churches were founded by him at York and other places. To change the religion of a people is not an easy matter, old faiths die slowly, and it is difficult to turn a country from an ancient creed, and the invasion of Deira in 633 by the heathen Britons of North Wales under Cadwalla, and the Angles of Mercia under Penda, who were still pagan, was not unassociated with hatred of the introduction of Christianity. On the defeat of the Deirans at the battle of Hatfield near Doncaster, Paulinus fled south by sea to Rochester, the whole of Northumbria was devastated, and the Monasteries burnt and destroyed, but the altar of Paulinus was rescued, and a century later, Bede tells us, it was preserved “‘ at the Abbey in the Forest of Elmet, where Thridwulf was then Abbot.” The Heptarchy was long torn by the feuds of rival Kinglets and in 655, Oswy of Northumbria defeated Penda, the old enemy of Yorkshire in the battle of Winwood, the site of which is thought to be in the present parish of Barwick-in-Elmet. Before the fight Oswy is said to have made a vow binding himself, if victorious, to give twelve parcels of land on which to build and endow Houses for the worship of Gop. The monastic system first arose amongst the Oriental Christians and from the East spread westward to Italy and France, and, as we have seen, was introduced into Yorkshire by Paulinus. These Religious Houses at an early period became schools and seminaries of learning and from those educated within their walls the secular clergy were chosen, and sent out to preach and teach in the surrounding district. ‘The Abbey in the Forest of Elmet ”’ where, as we have seen, the altar of Paulinus was preserved, has been supposed to be Sherburn or Barwick, but Mr. W. G. Collingwood suggests that, when we find later, a strong tradition about Paulinus at Dewsbury, we cannot help suspecting Dewsbury to be the place which Bede had in mind as the Abbey of Thrid- wulf. The exact bounds of Elmet are not known; they may have included, as its forest, or wilder part, the country as far as Dewsbury. At any rate this would explain the Paulinus story that when Leland the Antiquary of temp. of Henry VIII visited Dewsbury, he saw a great Cross with the inscription “‘ Paulinus hic preedicavit et celebravit Paulinus preached and celebrated Mass—The inscription may have merely meant, “ Here is Paulinus,” not that he actually preached and celebrated there, just as we sometimes see beneath a figure or illustration “ Hic Matheus,” or “ Hic est David ”—“ Here is Mathew,” “ Here is David,”—and we shall probably never know whether the commemoration was literally true, or a circumstance relating to the retrieved altar. As Leland saw this Cross nearly 800 years after its probable erection, it was not destroyed by the invasion of the Danes, which swept away the Abbeys of eastern and central Yorkshire, and goes far to prove that their attacks lid not reach Dewsbury, which would then be in the wilds of the forest—an outpost f civilization in what must then have been a wilderness of thicket, sedge, and moor— at that it was a centre of ecclesiastical importance is shown by the area of its.

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20 KIRKHEATON.

subsequent parish, including as it did, Kirkheaton, Kirkburton, Thornhill, Almond- bury, Huddersfield, Bradford, and Mirfield, all of which parishes, with the exception of the last, still pay pensions to their mother Church. There is no record that Dews- bury was an Anglian Monastery, for the chronicles of this long past age perished in the troubles commencing with the incursion of the Danes, and recurring up to the devastation of William the Conqueror; but the large number of sculptured stones of the 1Xth and Xth centuries at Dewsbury and her daughter parishes strongly infer that Dewsbury is one of the forgotten Minsters of that period. Several of these stones have been found at Kirkheaton and preserved in the Church. The first -a,b,c, was discovered when the Nave was rebuilt after the fire in 1886; it has been broken down the middle and the other half may still remain in some undisturbed portion of the walls of the Church. It is inscribed with Anglian runes which read “Eoh Worohhte ’—‘‘ Eoh wrought,” and has been a headstone, not a cross. The fragments d, e, f, g, are parts of the shafts of two crosses with plaits in relief. Mr. W. G. Collingwood believes these to date back to the first half of the Xth century. Another stone h, i j, k, found in 1916 is the central part of the shaft of a cross, and bears much weathered symbolic figures and animals; this belongs to the second half of the Xth century. These sculptured stones tell us as conclusively as would a written scroll, that Kirkheaton has been a place of worship and burial for at least one thousand years. At its inception it would be an outpost of Dewsbury where the scattered dwellers of the neighbourhood met in the open air to listen to the priest or monk, sent to preach to them, from the community gathered within the cloisters, six miles eastwards across the intervening heath, woods and swamp, where the Cross of Paulinus had been raised on the banks of the Calder. The earliest Oratory, or forerunner of the more modern Chapel of Ease, would be largely built of timber, and thatched with reeds or rushes, and would consist of little masonry, although a flat slab, rudely moulded, as if for the top of a small roundheaded window, was unearthed during the alterations to the Church in 1886, which may have belonged to some pre-Norman structure. There is no mention in Domesday Book of any Chapel at Kirkheaton, and, as at that date, such of the surrounding country as had ever been cultivated, had for the most part been laid waste, it is probable that the embryo Church had fallen into ruin. During the next hundred years we have no ecclesiastical record of Kirkheaton. Time, as with a wet sponge, has wiped from the slate of history all trace of whatever building existed, and the clergy who ministered to the needs of the people, not even a scrap of Norman workmanship has come down to us, and our next knowledge relates to a Church, or Chapel, that appears to have been erected on the site during the XIIth century. . The first great subdivision of parishes took place in the time of Thurston, Archbishop of York, 1114-1140, and was greatly extended by Archbishop Gray who succeeded to the See a century later. It is probable that the separation of Kirk- heaton from Dewsbury was during this period, certainly before 1218. See Yorkshire Arch, Records, Vol. LXII, p. 22. Of the XIIth, or early XIIIth century building

1 Yorks, Arch, Journal, Vol. II, p. 182. ‘‘ Dedication of Yorkshire Churches.” by Canon Raine.

Page 45

J

Ee

ARLY SCULPTURED STONES.

Nene

eS

were ee

wens

Page 46

EARLY WINDOW HEAD (See p. 21).

CAPITAL FROM FIRST PORCH (See p. 21).

Page 47

CAPITAL FROM NORTH AISLE (See p. 21).

FIRST FONT WITH ABOVE CAPITAL USED AS STEM (See p. 21).

Page 48

FIRST FONT (See p. 21).

DE HETON SEPULCHRAL STONE SLAB,

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ORIGIN, HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE CHURCH. 21

only two characteristics have been saved, and are to be seen in the North Aisle of the present Church, viz:—The Capitals from the pillars of the arch of the original Porch, decorated with tooth or nail head ornament so extensively used in the Early English or Transitional, style of architecture. This porch is shown in the sketch of the Church made in 1818 by J. Dewhirst, Master of the Kirkheaton Grammar School; it remained until the alterations made in 1823, and the foundations of it were laid bare in 1886. Years had scarce hurt the stones of this old doorway, sunshine and storm had but touched its mouldings with an added grace and lent a greater softness to them, when the vandals tore down, wilfully, the beauty they were too purblind to appreciate. The other relic is a Font, octagon in form, that probably belongs to this period, of which the stem, if it ever had one, is missing. Although hardly likely, it may be even older, for we cannot doubt that a number of Fonts, bearing no particular indication of date, still exist, wherein the Anglian infant was baptised by that ancient Priest whose dust rests beneath the pavement of a Church recon- structed on its original site centuries after his death. It is not unlikely that the early Chapel, served from Dewsbury, stood on what has ever since been the site of successive Chancels, and that the first work of the founder of the Church on the severance from the Mother parish, would be to reinstate as a Chancel the ruined building of earlier days, and add to it a simple Nave with the South Porch already mentioned. The addition of a narrow North Aisle followed soon afterwards, with arcading of alternate round and octagon columns, which remained until the destructive alterations of 1823, when it either fell or was pulled down. One of the Capitals from this Arcading lay for seventy years in the garden of the Kirkstile Inn, but was fortunately rescued in 1903 and brought to the present North Aisle, and, by being placed upside down, made a stand for the early Font previously alluded to. When Kirkheaton became parochial its first Church, as such, was raised by the benefaction of the De Hetons, who in this place were the Mesne-tenants of the De Burghs, their Overlords. (Yorks. Ing. Y.A.S. Record, Vol. XII, p. 103). Both families were the descendants of pre-Norman Thanes, the De Burghs from Alric, and the De Hetons from Orm, so they were well nigh equal in rank. The right of presen- tation to the living was, however, with the De Burghs and the other posterity of Alric, the Neviles. In 1886 a large sepulchral stone slab was discovered close to the former site of the last pillar of this Arcade nearest to the Chancel, bearing the arms of De Heton, Arg. two bars sa. on a heater-shaped shield with a sword on the dexter side. It is of rough and inferior workmanship, but no doubt commemorates the founder and is contemporary with this period of the Church’s history.

““Many centuries have been numbered Since in death De Heton slumbered Near his Church’s moulded column, Mingling with the common, dust: But his good deed through the ages Living in historic pages Brighter glows and gleams immortal Unconsumed by moth and rust.”

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22 KIRKHEATON.

In medieval times the Naves of Parish Churches were devoid of seats and were open spaces without pews, they were the places where people gathered in time of tumult, or for the transaction of secular business. A Court of the Manor of Wakefield was held in the Church of Byrton (Kirkburton) on Sunday the roth of August, 1275. See Yorks Arch. Record, Vol. XXIX, p. 148. The holding of fairs and markets in Church-yards was made illegal by the Statute of Winchester in 1285, and games in them were forbidden by the Synod of Exeter in 1287, The practice, however, of using Churches and Church-yards for secular purposes continued to be common. Y.A.S. Record, Vol. XXXVI, p. 25. They were also used as schools and Shakespeare in “ Twelfth Night ” says:—“ like a pedant that keeps a school i’ the Church.” The appropriation of the Naves for pews must have been gradual, probably by faculties obtained by the Lords of the Manors and prosperous Yeomen, slowly and step by step encroaching upon the rights of the parishioners, that at first would appear trivial and possibly inexpedient to dispute, but destined in time to regulate the unannexed fragments, to the draughty and remote corners of the West End of the Church, which many of us remember as designated “ For the Poor.” In former days the Church porch was the recognized place for payment of bequests, doweries, or the transfer of property of which there are many examples in the Wakefield Court Rolls, etc. Ann Oates of Nether Denby in the Parish of Kirkheaton by her Will dated 1663 directs that the legacies she leaves shall be paid in the South Porch of Kirkheaton Church, It was also in the Church-porch that those who had been excommunicated did penance, the last recorded instance of this at Kirkheaton isin 1722. The “ Order of Penance ”’ was for the offender to stand in the porch, bare-headed, bare legged, and with bare feet, wearing a white sheet from shoulders to ankles, and holding a wax candle, or white rod, an ell long, until the second lesson at Morning service, when the Parson would bring the back-slider into the middle aisle of the Church, repeating the LIst Psalm, “ Miserere Mei,” and then they would together recite sentence by sentence a prayer of confession and contrition. The Chancels were shut off the Naves by Rood screens, usually of carved oak, and often decorated with gilt, vermillion, and blue paint, above these were the Rood- lofts and Rood, sometimes with the figures of the Virgin and St. John on either side. These Lofts or Galleries are said to have been used for the reading of the Gospel and Epistle, but in many cases it would have been difficult for the Clergy in elaborate pre-Reformation vestments to scramble up the dark, narrow, and winding stairs sometimes built into the wall or buttress of the Chancel arch. that gave entrance to them, and probably they were more frequently occupied by the musicians who led the singing of the service, whose instruments, before the intro- duction of Galleries and the Organ, would probably be kept there.

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DE HETON

See p. 21

Page 52

CHAPTER IV.

ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS.

HE next addition to the Church was the Chantry of the “ Blessed Mary ”’ in the middle of the century, which is now known as the Beaumont Chapel. Nearly the whole of the Monasteries in Yorkshire were founded before the year 1200, and the custom of building Chantries did not become general until the XIVth century; before that period, those who desired to have masses sung for the repose of their souls, if they were wealthy—such as the great land-owners—gave an Abbey, but, if they were less affluent, left legacies to their Parish Priest for that purpose. Probably on account of the growing importance of the middle classes, and in order to come within reach of their means, the less costly foundation of Chantries was adopted. Fre- quently they were raised and endowed by individuals for their own benefit, and in other cases they were built and supported by the inhabitants of a district for the welfare of a community. The Chantry at Kirkheaton was of the latter order and appears to have been erected and maintained by the “ parochioners ” (Surtees Soc., Vol. 92, p. 317). The Certificates of 1548 with regard to the Chantry of Kirkheaton say:— “There is none Incumbent, nor Foundation, but one parcell of ground improved by the Parochians, etc.” The following deed printed in Vol. XII, p. 256 of the Yorks. Arch. Journal, probably refers to this parcel of ground, now called St. Mary’s, a short distance North East of the Church. “ Heaton, Kirk.” “ 8th May, 1369. Quitclaim by Alice, daughter of Henri, clerici de Heton, late wife of Wm. de

Hopton, to Sir John de Hopton, chaplain and his successors celebrating divine service in honour of St. Mary in Kirkheaton Church, of all her right in an acre of land and meadow

in Kirkheaton.” The addition of the Chantry seems to have been done in a very interesting manner. Judging by a voussoir, or stone of the lower order of the Easternmost arch of the original North arcading, that protruded from the wall until 1886, and shown in the photograph taken after the fire that year, and also in a drawing made by Mr. J. W. Cocking, the architect for the restoration (figure 3), the masons built the West wall, archway and angle column of the Chantry through the East arch of the North arcade, and took up the thrust of the arcade arches at a higher level than the arcade capitals. They also broke through the North wall of the Chancel and built a respond and arch slightly out of line with both the North Aisle and Chancel walls and not of equal thickness to the old wall, using a corbel and beam to support

23

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24 KIRKHEATON.

the roof (figure I). The pillar upon which these Chantry arches rest, has an early base and a bastard capital, which does not correspond in style with the impost mouldings on which the other end of the Western arch is built. In one case there is a fair example of the Decorated period, and in the other the workmanship is so poor and feeble, that, if it did not support arches, the date of which is known to be about 1350, would be considered late and debased. The South side of the XIVth century West arch of the chantry has a stilted style, given to it in 1887 when some new stones were inserted, which it did not previously possess. As may be seen in the photo after the fire, the moulding or splay of the upper order of this arch was not originally continued down to the abacus, but stepped where a corbel had been fixed nearly under the place where the XIIIth century arches of the North Aisle intersected the West wall of the Chantry. In the photo this is indicated by the rough punching of the stone where the projection has been cut away, in contrast to the finer chisel work of the surrounding masonry, which was probably done when the “ Squire’s was fixed along this wa]l in the XVIIth century. There is little doubt that this corbel carried the North end of the Rood beam, which would span the entrance to the Chancel prior to the Reformation (figure 4). In the photo are to be seen the springer, and a few stones of the Chancel arch (figure 2), which was built at this time and destroyed either by accident or design in 1823. On the Northern respond of the West arch of the Chantry there is carved a Satanic mask with a coronet of three trefoils; on the Eastern respond of the arch between the Chantry and the Chancel there was formerly another mask which was cut off by over zealous workmen in 1871 (figure 5). Until 1881 when some minor alterations were made, the sill of an old oak screen ran from the base of the XIVth century pillar across the floor of the Chancel nearly level with the flags and at the Chantry end of it there was a fragment of one of the upright posts of the Screen or Rood loft (figure 6). In the Chantry, built into the respond of the arch opening into the Chancel, is a plain Holy-water stoup which still remains in situ. The roof ridge originally ran from North to South with a gable over the beautiful three light window with cusped tracery, which is a fine example of this Decorated period of architecture. Over the window there was a label mould with stops. The gable was removed and the label mould mutilated in the extension of the building in 1631 or thereabouts. It is probable that the commencement of the Tower was the next addition. It was evidently not all built at the same period and the style of the small doorway from inside of what is now the Baptistry, leading up to the Belfry, seems to sub- stantiate this. The present Perpendicular West window also appears to have been inserted and not built with the original walling, probably replacing a smaller one of the late Decorated period. The Tower was not completed until the latter half of the XVth century, and the Belfry windows are the original ones and distinctly Perpendicular in style. There is definite evidence of this date in the Will of Henry Beaumont of Lascelles Hall dated 1468, who bequeathed “to the fabric of the Bell Tower XLs. and for hanging the Bells XLs. on condition that they begin to make the Bell Tower within IV years.”!

1 The Entrance to the newel stair-case of the Tower from the Baptistry, is the original one, and the other, from the present porch, was evidently inserted at a later date, but long before this porch was built.’

Page 54

I. Corbel which carried supporting beam of roof over South Arch. II. Springer and a few stones of Chancel Arch destroyed in 1823. III. One of the voussoirs of the lower order of the East Arch of the original North Arcade. IV. Remains of Corbel which carried the North end of the pre-Reformation Rood beam.

V. Outline of a Mask on the East respond of the South Arch of Chantry, defaced in 1871. VI. Sill of old oak screen formerly across Chancel removed in 188r, VII. Chantry of St. Mary, now the Beaumont Chapel,

Mask that still remains on the North respond of the West Arch of the Chantry.

The above photo: ‘* A’ does not show this.

Page 55

Corbel which carried a beam supporting the roof over the South arch of the chantry, where the wall was thinner than that Eastwards of the respond, The springer and a few stones of the chancel arch that was destroyed in 1823. One of the voussoirs of the lower order of the Eastern arch of the original North arcade. The remains of a corbel which carried the Northern end of the pre-Reformation, rood beam. This is in- dicated by the rough punching of the stone where the projection has been cut away.

There was formerly a mask on the East respond of the South arch of the chantry, the outline of this can still be seen. It was defaced in 1871,

Until 1881 the sill of an old oak screen ran across the chancel floor level with the flags and at the Northern end of it there was the stump of one of the upright posts,

The chantry, now the Beaumont Chapel, containing the tomb of Sir Richard Beaumont (Black Dick) and many other memorials of the family, also several Hatchments.

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ett

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ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS. 25

When the “ Dickens Loft ” was removed in 1886/7 from the West end of the Nave, where it had stood for more than 180 years, some mural painting in black was exposed on the plaster behind it, on each side of the Tower arch. The outlines of the figures were imperfect on account of the lime having crumbled away; that on the South represented a saint in the habit of a monk or friar, girdled at the waist, holding in the right hand an hour glass, and in the left a staff. Of the other figure to the North of the arch, only the tonsured head and part of the shoulders remained. Over each were fragments of Scriptural quotations, of which no more than a word here and there could be deciphered; one of these may have been from Heb. ix, 27, but not from our present version. There were also traces of another verse on the wall of the East end of the North Aisle, which until the same date had been hidden by the Dickens monument. Probably the Chancel window in Perpendicular style was added at this time, and remained in mutilated form till the fire in 1886. In 1537 Richard Langley of Rawthorpe Hall, Dalton, by his will bequeathed [Vd. to the “ Church wark if it go forwards.” We are unable to identify the specific object for which this was given, unless it was towards the erection of the Oak Chancel Screen and Rood already alluded to. Probably the most beautiful epoch of Church architecture was that which preceded the period of the Reformation, to be followed in a comparatively short time by the destruction of much that our forefathers in their piety had done to adorn the House of Gop. A few years later this Rood would be taken down along with the figures of the Virgin and St. John, which no doubt stood on either side. It is usual to blame the time and spirit of the Commonwealth for much of this vandalism, but the days of the Protector are answerable for less than the wholesale robbery and devastation of Churches in the previous century. At sometime after the Dissolution of the Chantries by the acts of Henry VIII and Edward VI,! the Beaumonts of Whitley who were then at the height of their importance and influence, annexed the fabric of the disestablished Chantry of the Blessed Mary, and used it as their private Chapel. It had previously been the burial place of the family from time immemorial, but their testamentary requests had always described it as the “ Quire of Our Blessed Lady,” or ‘‘ Blessed Mary.” In the Will of Edward Beaumont, however, dated 1574, he desires to be buried in “my own Quire at Kirkheaton.” In 1631 Sir Richard Beaumont, knight and baronet, was interred here, and, about this time the Chapel was extended Eastwards

1 The enactments of Henry VIII say that the proceeds of Confiscation were required for his Wars, but we know that he was perhaps the most extravagant of English Kings and having squandered the fortune left by his father Henry VII, he turned to his rapacious and unscrupulous Minister Thomas Cromwell to devise means to replenish his empty purse and there is little doubt that Cromwell pointed to the Monasteries knowing full well that it would gratify his Royal Master to make reprisal for the Church’s opposition to his divorce from Catherine of Arragon. Thus began the spoilation by which not only Henry was enabled to continue his licentious and lavish expenditure, put at the same time filled the pockets of Cromwell and a crowd of sycophants, the affluence of whose families dates from the trafficking in Abbey lands and property. The suppression of the Chantries by Edward VI was excused by the assertion that :— “ Great superstition hath been brought into men’s minds by devising vain opinions of purgatory upholden by abuse of Trentals and Chantries.” Edward, a boy of ten years, must be absolved and the responsibility placed upon the Protector, Ed. Seymour, Duke of Somerset, who like other Politicians of the Reformation made personal greed and acquisition of first importance. Vultures all, who gorged themselves on the helpless body of the Church.

E

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26 KIRKHEATON.

with a three light East window which still remains. No doubt this was for the purpose of placing the fine mural tomb and canopy against the North wall and to provide room for future monuments. It was this addition that caused the alteration to the roof, making the ridge run from East to West instead of North to South.

“Great was their skill, those ancient bands, The wise of heart, in wood and stone, Who reared with stern and patient hands Those choice grey piles of days unknown. They filled the aisles with many a thought, They bade each nook some truth recall, The pillar’d arch its legend brought, A doctrine came from roof and wall.” In the second Volume of the Parish Registers there is an original list of Sub- scribers to the next addition to the Church:— “Ye names of Subscribers to the Additional Building on ye North Side of Kirk Heaton Church and ye Summs which each Person gave.

The work was begun in ye year 1663 and finished in 1664.”

£ s. a i. Sir John Kaye 22 2. Sir Thomas Beau-mont 20 O 3. Doctor Anthony Elcock .. 6 13 4. Mr. John Townley 10 5. Mr. Thomas Pighels 10 Oo 6. Mr. George Thurgarland .. 4 7. Mr. Richard Langley 3 00 8. Mr. Thomas Dickens 4 9. Samuel Jepson 600 to. Robert Lyley 5 11. Christopher Brooke 4 00 12, Arthur Blackburn 30 13. Richard Thewlis 2 14. John Cowper 2 00 15. Joseph Walton 2 16. Joseph Dyson 2 17. John Holye 2 00 18. George Hirst 2 19. John Crowther 2 00 20. John Cooke I10 o 21. John Carter IIo oO 22. William Hobson I I0 23. Edward Brooke I 10 24. Mr. James Laybourne Io o 25. Henry Spivie I0oo0o 26. Robert Wood Io o 120 13

1. Of Grange and Woodsome Halls. 2. Of Whitley Hall. 3. Rector of Kirkheaton. 4. Of Hurstwood, co. Lancs., Lord of the Manor of Dalton. 5. Tanner of Kirkheaton. 6. Of Lyley Hall. 7. Of Rawthorpe Hall. 8. Of Colne Bridge Forge.

Page 59

1664 WINDOWS (See p. 27).

lt

NORTH DOOR (See p. 27).

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we dd

“HTISIV HLYON GTO AHL AO AHL ONIAVOHS HOUNHO NOLVAHAUIN

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LOFT

OAK FRONT

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NORTH AISLE

SQUIRE’S LOFT BEAUMONT CHAPEL

O

NAVE CHANCEL

BLOCK PLANS OF SQUIRE’S LOFT Showing structure of Pew

Page 63

THE ROYAL ARMS OF QUEEN ANN.

CARVED OAK ON THE FRONT OF THE DICKENS LOFT WITH THE MONOGRAM OF ANN DICKENS.

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ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS. 27

This addition was the pulling down of the North Wall of the Church and re- erecting it in a Northerly direction, so as to nearly double the width of the Aisle, and placing in the new wall windows of four lights with circular heads characteristic of the period. Also inserting a window of six lights of much the same style in the West end of the enlarged Aisle. There was a North door into the Aisle before this alteration was made, which from its form and mouldings, seems to have been XIVth century workmanship, and may have been posterior to one of even earlier date. In 1663-4 it was removed to the same position in the new wall, and a small porch added to it, either then or shortly afterwards. In therestoration of 1887 it was again removed and is now the doorway between the Vestry and the Chancel. Unfortunately the mouldings have been rechiselled. About this time the Arches of the Beaumont Chapel were closed, the West one entirely, and that on the South up to the Capital of the pillar upon which they still rest. The “ Squire’s Loft ’’ was placed on the West wall of the Chapel facing into the North Aisle and the entrance was through a door in the Chancel; the Transom over it being studded with iron spikes. The ‘‘ Loft’’ or pew was reached by two short flights of stairs from the interior of the Chapel, the foot of which was immediately to the left of the entry. This little gallery was supported upon square oak pillars, which raised it about eight feet above the floor of the Nave, the front and ends were formed of oak panels and short balustrades; it was lined with green baize secured by long rows of brass nails, and had a canopy over it, with poles from which hung curtains that could be drawn allround. It was taken down in 1871-2 and a portion of the oak front is now in the Ravensknowle Museum. The “‘ Dickens Loft’’ was given by some member of the Dickens family of Colne Bridge Forge in 1701, probably Ann, the sister of Thomas Dickens, or his daughter also called Ann, for it bore the initials ‘‘ A.D.” entwined and reversed. It was a very substantial gallery with panelled and carved front, panelled walls and seats, all of oak. In the South West corner there was a large square pew with a central table or desk, and on the woodwork behind there was incised in bold letters ‘This is the Churchwardens Seat 1701.’’ The original piece of oak bearing this inscription is now inserted in the back of the present bench for the Wardens at the West end of the Nave. In order to reach this gallery a staircase was fixed in the bottom of the Tower and the Arch filled with an oak partition. On the front of the “ Loft’ the Royal Arms of Queen Anne were suspended with the date 1702. This was destroyed by the fire in 1886 and the Gallery was also taken down at that time. If in imagination you will pass under the low West gallery and look down the Nave with its Arcade of round and octagon columns, glance through the fretted Chancel Screen at the red lamp, burning dimly against the dull blue Altar hangings— the windows almost blocked by the clinging ivy without, admitting a chill light mingling at Evensong with the yellow gleam of a few tall candles, swealing and spluttering in their iron sconces and shedding soft shadows on monuments and grey walls, you will have a vista of the semblance of the quaint old church at Kirk- heaton at this period.

Page 65

28 KIRKHEATON.

There was an old North Gallery of uncertain date, that may, or may not, have been part of the work of 1663-4, the earliest record of it is as follows in the Parish Registers “ Richard Walker sold two seats in the North Gallery over the stairs to Jonathan Howorth—Witness R. Langley, 1759.” The roof at that time must have come close down to the back of it, and left no space for windows. It did not extend to the fulllength of the Aisle but stopped before reaching the East wall, and, until 1863 when the organ was placed there, this corner or bay was open from ground to rafters. The stove for heating the Church occupied this space, and the fuel was kept under the steps leading up to the “ Squire’s Loft,” and was the cause of a small fire in the Church, about 1850-5, previous to the destructive one in 1886. There was no connection between this North Gallery and the “ Dickens Loft” until the arches of the Aisle were pulled down in 1823 when the roof was raised, and the gap between the two filled with an addition which was called the “ New Loft.” In the plan of the Church as it was in 1823 the Dickens Loft is marked (a), the New Loft (c), the North Gallery (B), and the Squire’s Loft (E). The seats in the North Aisle and the Gallery over it all faced South. The Vestry shown in the photo of Kirkheaton Church in 1823 was probably built in 1793 as evinced by items of expenditure in the Churchwardens accounts for 1793:

“May 6th Expenses Rearing Vestry or ps a o 2 6” Masons Work ditto 3 6 6” Bricks, etc. te tee

When the present Vestry was built in 1887 no trace of any older foundations were found, than those of the above building of 1793. With the exception of the rebuilding of the Vestry in 1793 for more than a century there is no record of any structural alteration to the Church, and in 1823 the roof and walls of the Nave were in a dilapidated condition and at a Vestry Meeting held in October of that year, it was “ resolved that the undertakers of the Church improvements (!) be requested to cause the south front wall of the Church to be taken down to the ground, and to rebuild the same in a handsome and substantial manner putting three Gothic windows in the lower part of the said wall.” The destruction of much of the old and interesting portion of the Church at this time was a calamity, for it involved the demolition of the South Porch, the South wall of the Nave, the Arcading of the North Aisle, and the Chancel Arch, all of which were removed, for although the old windows of the South Wall were of no particular architectural style, if the drawing of the Church by J. Dewhirst, Master of the Grammar School, Kirkheaton, in 1818, is correct, still they were preferable to the bastard substitutes that replaced them. The plan of the builders seems to have been extended, for instead of the ‘‘ three Gothic windows”? mentioned in the resolution of the October Vestry Meeting, both the South and North wallsof the Nave were raised, and two tiers of three lower and four upper windows, were inserted on the South, and four similar ones placed over the square-headed lights of the 1663-4 addition to the North Aisle. The whole of the Nave was then covered by one broad span roof from wall to wall without any pillars to support it, and the whole area canopied with a plain flat, plaster ceiling. In place of the Chancel Arch a beam was fixed across the opening, and a similar flat plaster ceiling substituted for the former

Page 66

WE SQUIRES LOFT

LOFT

WARDENS PEW DICK

THE PARISH CHURCH KIRKHEATON, co YORK 1823-587).

{ —— —---! a SINCERS “BLACK OICK PEW

\ CHAPEL

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CHANCEL

RECTORY PEW

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VESTRY

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Page 67

ADDITIONS AND ALTERATIONS. 29

open roof, but at a lower level than that of the Nave. The Gallery called the “ New Loft,’”’ connecting the ‘‘ Dicken’s Loft’ and the North Gallery was erected at this time. (Marked C on the plan of the Church, see illustration). The stones of the arches of the North Aisle pulled down during these alterations were heaped up in a vacant corner of the Church land and were gradually annexed by the parishioners who broke them up into sand to spread on the floors of their cottages as was then the custom. Having completed their scheme of vandalism, another Vestry Meeting was held in March, 1824, when it was “ resolved that an inscription engraved upon a tablet be placed over the great door of the Church intimating that the alterations were completed by Parish rates applied under the direction of the Churchwardens:— Benjamin Strickland, Benjamin Wilkinson, John Newhill, William Tunnacliffe, John Bedford, The Rev. John Smithson, M.A., Rector, and the Rev. Henry Harrison, This was incised on a stone slab over the main entrance near the Tower, and remained until 1887, when it perished along with the incongruous work of which in their pedantry they were so blindly proud. In the Churchwarden’s Account for 1823-4 there is the entry, ‘“‘ Expenses incurred by partial rebuilding of Church £428. 5. 3.” On the upper portion of the exterior buttress of the old Arch of the Chancel, there was formerly a sundial, which may be seen in the photograph of the drawing of the Church in 1818. It survived the alterations of 1823 but has now vanished. (See History of Lofthouse, Vol. I, p. 199). The Window and Priest’s doorway shown in the South wall of the Chancel in the photos of the drawing of 1818 and the elevation of the building as it remained until 1886-7 are now utilized for the coal cellar under the present Vestry. During the next 40 or 50 years there were few alterations, beyond a new roof to the Vestry in 1851. After the ruthless havoc of 1823-4 the Church was porchless until about 1870, when a new one was added. In 1886-7 this was superseded by the present porch, and the entrance arch of the Porch of 1870 was re-erected over the ““ Deadman’s Gate” to the Church Yard where it still remains. In 1872 the arches into the Beaumont Chapel from the Chancel and Nave, which had long been closed, were opened, and the Squire’s Loft (see illustration) taken down, the old Jacobean balusters and rail which surrounded the Altar were removed, and an inferior Sedilia and panelling in stained deal placed in the Chancel, also some benches in the Chapel.! A new warming apparatus was installed at this date, called in the report of these alterations “ Grundy’s Hot Air System,” which was destined to be the cause of the fire which practically destroyed the Church 14 years later. The outlay at this time was £228.

1 This Sedilia is now in the Beaumont Chapel.

Page 68

CHAPTER V.

CHURCH FURNITURE.

HE beautiful old Oak Jacobean Reading Desk has survived many disparage- ments and affronts. Of its origin nothing is known, but, during the decade of the Three Decker Pulpit it was relegated to the Beaumont Chapel, and subse- quently restored to the Chancel, only to be again consigned to the Chapel on the gift to the Church of a modern Brass Lectern by Mrs. Frank Alderson in 1908, in memory of her father the Rev. Christopher Alderson, Rector of Kirkheaton, 1836-1880. His Royal Highness Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, when the guest of Mr. Hy. Fredk. Beaumont of Whitley Hall, attended Morning Service at Kirkheaton Church on Sunday, Oct. 14th, 1883. He wrote his name on the fly leaf of the Reading-desk Prayer-book, of which the autograph given below is a copy.

out te

The old ‘“‘ Three Decker’’ Pulpit was probably erected in 1792.1 After the alterations of 1823 it stood against the South wall of the Nave, and was taken down in 1881. The lowest desk was for the Clerk who in those days led the responses, and gave out hymns, repeating in a high pitched voice:—“ We will now sing to the praise and glory of Gop the...” The second desk was for the reading of the lessons and prayers, and the third, the topmost, thesermon., Over all was a huge canopy, or sounding board, to the underside of which the model of a white dove with out- stretched wings was fixed. The pulpit has been swept away, but the dove is on the ceiling of the present Baptistry over the Font. The Oak pulpit that took the place of the above, and which is still in use, came from the private Chapel at Whitley Hall and was given to the Church by Henry Frederick The Alabaster Font now in the Baptistry was given by the writer's Mother, Mrs, Eliza Tolson of Oaklands, Dalton, in 1893. In 1920 Miss Muriel Tolson gave a beautifully embossed copper Ewer for the Font presented by her Grandmother. Underneath the Ewer is inscribed:—‘ The Gift of Muriel Tolson to the Glory of God and the Service of the Church, August, Before this Font was pre- sented there had been three previous Fonts and the oldest which was restored to the

4 In the Churchwardens’ Accounts for 1792-3 there is an item of £10 for “ a new pulpit.” *In bygone days when the Psalms were not sung, the Clerk read alternate verses as a duet with the Parson. The Clerk had his fees, and occasionally he would pull off a “‘ plum” in case of clandestine marriages; when the infatuated Bridegroom was not particular to a few coins, three spade guineas have been paid for keeping the door locked until the ceremony was over. 3 This pulpit can be seen in the photo of the Church on page.

30

Page 69

JACOBEAN RKEADING-DESK.

Page 70

THREE DECKER

PULPIT.

ie

Page 71

THE PRESENT PULPIT, FORMERLY IN THE PRIVATE CHAPEL AT WHITLEY HALL.

Page 72

S. SEYMOUR PLACE, SOUTH KENSINGTON, 3128. LONDON, S.W.10.

2594 7952 Dew tw, 7 clown.

Jon Maret gig aroha rave om teerrswehy,

. D amor alany

Page 73

THE PRESENT FONT. THE EWER.

THE DOVE FORMERLY ON THE CANOPY OVER THE THREE-DECKER PULPIT AND NOW ON CEILING OVER THE FONT.

Page 74

TOLSON ARMS ON WEST PANEL OF THE PRESENT FONT (See p. 30)

Page 75

BOWL OF FIRST FONT.

No. 1.

BASE OF ABOVE.

No. 1.

Page 76

THE SECOND FONT THE THIRD FONT. No. 2. No. 3.

Page 77

CHURCH FURNITURE. 31

Church in 1902, is now in the West end of the present North Aisle, but is not It has had a chequered career and for many years was in a garden at Kirkheaton. It is known to have been used for a well, a farm yard trough, and a flower stand, which accounts for its damaged and rather worn condition, also for the overflow cut through the rim of the bowl. The date when it was discarded can only be guessed, probably during the XVIIth century; it is octagonal in form, which is said by some to symbolize regeneration, because seven days created the old world and the man of sin, the eighth day the new man of grace and salvation; by others, x Peter III, v. 20, 21, is taken as the reason for the octagon form of Fonts. Width outside at the swell 36 inches.

Depth outside 1g inches. Width of bowl inside 24 inches. Depth of bowl inside Io inches.

Ancient Fonts were always large enough to allow the immersion of There are remains of iron work on the rim and a broken staple in one of the panels, which have evidently been used to secure a cover and padlock. In 1236 Edmund, Arch- bishop of Canterbury, ordered all Fonts to be covered and locked so that the Holy Water in them, which was only consecrated at long intervals, and was thought to possess magical powers, might not be stolen. On the centre panel as the Font now stands in the Church, a small Cross is incised, and on the rim over the Cross there are some curious markings, very much effaced and worn, which are not unlike runes (a. in the photo of the bowl). The second Font had a small Circular bowl on the top of a narrow column, as shown in photo No. 2. It was probably deported to the garden of the Kirkstile Inn about 1845. It lay there for many years until removed without authority by James Durrans to his garden at Watch Hill House, Thurlston, where it still remains, with a round stone ball filling up the bowl. The third Font was an octagon of Caen Stone, with panels in Perpendicular style, given by the Rector, the Rev. Christopher Alderson in 1845, or thereabouts. It is now at St. Bartholomew’s Church, Grange Moor, Kirkheaton. Affixed to many of the old box pews, prior to the fire in 1886, were brass plates stating who owned the seats, and mingled with divers others were:— Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart. of Grange. Jobn Townley of Hurstwood, Lancs., Lord of the Manor of Dalton, Kirkheaton. Joseph Walker of Lascelles Hall, Lepton. The inscription on the latter, although not grammatical was certainly per- emptory, for it told all worshippers to “‘ Note ” who was the possessor, and, we may presume, not to trespass on his freehold. The Registers contain numerous entries relating to the Sale and Transfer of Sittings, the earliest of which is as follows:— “ Sir John Kaye Four Seats passed over to Mr. Thomas Dickens in the year 1671,

1 See previous reference, andillustration, with one of the octagon capitals from the arcading of the former and

original North Aisle as a base. - 2 Amongst the Irish of the Middle Ages, it is said by Giraldius Cambrensis, the right arm of boys was not dipped,so that when they became men they might strike their foes with full heathenish vigour, unsoftened by any

Christian feeling.

Page 78

32 KIRKHEATON.

now in the possession of Mr. Francis Watts.”! Amongst other early assignments are:—‘‘ Mr. Richard Langley? one seat passed over to John Brooke,” “‘ Elis. Morton® one seat passed over to Joseph Brooke of Mirfield,’’4 “ John Turner® 2 seats 6th Nov., 1738, sold them to John Hallas, as witness my hand John Turner.” Some of the older pews were large and square with high sides and ends of panelled oak, lined with green baize and rows of brass headed nails, a few had posts at the corners reminding one of quaint fourpost beds. Some two feet above their solid frames, they had brass rods on which short red curtains ran, that could be drawn during sermon time, so that the attention of the occupants of these pews might not be distracted from devout meditation on the preacher’s discourse—or was it to woo slumber ?—A Kirkheaton dame who appreciated these ancient pews, wherein, as she naively expressed it, “‘ a body might sleep in comfort without all the parish knowing on’t,” * A bedstead of the antique mode, Four posts and curtains green uphold, Such as our ancestors did use Was metamorphosed into pews, Which still their old world nature keep By lodging folk disposed to sleep.” The Pulpits, Reading desk, Lectern, Fonts, etc., have already been alluded to and of antique accessories of the Church little remains to be mentioned. There was a clock at the Church in 1737 presumably in the Belfry, and for how much earlier than that date it had been there is not known, for its story is unrecorded. Legend says that at some period of its existence it had only one hand, like the old Clepsydra or Waterclocks of by-gone days. ‘It was replaced in 1872 by another clock made by Agar and Sons of Bury, the cost of which, {140, was defrayed by public subscription. It still tells the villagers:— “ T serve thee here with all my might, And strike the hours by day and night, Therefore example take from me, And serve thy Gop as I serve thee.’’

There are two old chairs within the Sanctuary, dated 1687 which according to an entry in the Church accounts, were purchased in 1855. The Jacobean table now in the Vestry is said to have been originally used as the Altar, but has been superseded by the present Altar-table bearing the emblems of the Angus Dei, I,H.S. and the Dove on the three front panels. The modern Reredos in oak was given by Mrs. Wm. Edwards Hirst of Lascelles Hall in 1897. There are two Churchwarden’s staffs at Kirkheaton each surmounted with a Crown and crosspatties, and the Royal Arms on the boss beneath. Encircling the shafts, printed in gilt on one is: ‘‘ 1847, Parish of Kirkheaton,” and on the other

Dickins and Francis Watts were of Colne Bridge Forge, Heaton. 2 Of Rawthorpe Hall Dalton. 3 Of Over Heaton. 4 Of Colne Bridge Forge and Mirfield. 5 Of Hopton.

Page 79

BRASS PLATE ON PEW (See p. 31.)

Page 80

THE OLD ALTAR TABLE AND MODERN REREDOS.

Page 81

CHURCHWARDENS’ STAFFS. See p. 32.

ie

Page 82

cars rhe

* 3. prs

ee

BAPTISTRY SCREEN AND FONT,

Page 83

BAPTISTRY SCREEN AND BENCH-ENDS.

Page 84

III

PV.

Il.

Vl

\

V

VIII.

Page 85

CHURCH FURNITURE. 33

“‘ 1889, Township of Dalton, Parish of Kirkheaton,” the latter the gift of the writer. There is the unusual number of eight Churchwardens, namely two from each of the Townships of Heaton, Dalton, Lepton, and Whitley. The pitch pine Screens across the Arches of the Beaumont Chapel were erected by subscription at the time of the other alterations in 1872. The Oak Screen and Poppy-head bench ends across the Baptistery were given by the writer in 1891. The Iron railings across the Chancel were presented by Henry Best Kaye of New North House, Huddersfield, in 1897. The Oak Altar Rails in the Beaumont Chapel were presented by Miss Muriel Tolson in 1923.1 Probably Screens across the East end of Churches originated in the days when the Nave was used for various social gatherings, and meetings for the transaction of the financial and other temporal, or lay business of the Village, in order to keep the parishioners from trespassing and desecrating the Sanctuary and Chancel.

CHAPTER VI.

CHURCH PLATE.

three of modern silver or siiver-gilt, a total of three cups, two flagons, and three patens. Two Stuart cups or chalices and the lesser flagon or chalice, Nos. 1, 11, 11 in the photo, each bear the inscription:—“This Chalice belongs to the Church at Heaton in Yorkshire,” and the London Hall Mark for 1642. The large Paten, No. Iv is inscribed, “The Gift of Thomas Dickens, gent. deceased Sept. 23rd, 1692. To ye only use of ye Parish Church of Kirk-heaton’”’; and the London Mark for 1699, so it was evidently not presented to the Church until seven years after his death. These four pieces weigh Oz. 53.11. The large flagon, No. v has no inscription, the date letter is London, 1777, and the weight Oz. 33.18.2 The large modern silver-gilt chalice and paten Nos. vi, vil, bear the inscription, ‘‘ Presented to Kirkheaton Parish Church to the Glory of Gop, and in memory of Emily Gledhill by her Mother, July 24th, 1891.” The small modern silver paten and cover No. vi is inscribed “To the Glory of Gop and in loving memory of her Grandfather and Grandmother, William and Hannah Wilson, who are buried in this Churchyard, Sarah Waddington offers this paten to St. John’s Church, Kirkheaton, Oct, 1891.” The table in the photograph is the old oak one now in the Vestry, already mentioned. For another account of these vessels see “‘ Yorkshire Church Plate,” published by the Yorks. Arch. Soc. in 1915, Extra Vol. Iv, p. 145-6.

1 Incised on the surface of the Railis the Text: ‘‘ My Peace I give unto you.” St. John x1v. 27. 2 There is an entry in the Kirkheaton Churchwardens’ Accounts for 1777 which indicates some trafficking in the Church Silver, viz.:—‘* Paid for exchanging Communion Plate £2. 4. 3.” As Kirkheaton was one of four Townships this may represent atotal of 8.17.0. The dateletter on the large flagon (No. v, in the photo) corresponds with this year and probably it was the vessel referred to, but what fine old silver went in exchange we unfortunately do not know.

? ‘HE Church Plate at Kirkheaton consists of five pieces of antique silver, and

F

Page 86

CHAPTER VII.

THE ORGAN AND CHURCH MUSIC.

ros >= =

The Pitch-pipe and uncertain notes From Fiddle and the ’Cello, Have vanished, but from Organ floats, Soft strains subdued and mellow.

HE first Organ used in the Church was built about 1792 and stood in the T North corner of the “ Dickens Loft.” Before that time the musical portion of the service was conducted instrumentally on the violin, cello, serpent, etc. Until 1886 there was a list of the subscribers to this Organ painted on a very large wooden panel fixed to the wall over the entrance to the In 1840 pedals were added by thethen organist Joe Brook; they were of peculiar construction as only ends were visible near the floor under the key board. It was removed in 1863 and was thus described by P. Conacher & Co. the builders of the Organ that replaced it :— “The old Organ at Kirkheaton Church was by Donaldson of York, a very good builder. He was either a brother or a near relative of Professor Donaldson, who was for a long period organist at York Minster. The Kirkheaton Organ had a good

1 This organ also had an unusual manual, the notes having special sharps and flats, viz. instead of A sharp being B flat, ‘‘ A” had separate black notes for both its sharp and flat and so on with the others. The cost of the Organ was defrayed by subscription and a list of some 90 contributors, painted in yellow on ponderous black boards about 8ft. high by 5{t. wide was placed somewhere in the Church of this period, and at the alterations of 1823, when the underdrawing of the roofs were at different levels, it was fixed against the blank wall over the entrance to the Chancel. On each side of it on small panels were the Lord’s Prayer and the Creed, the whole being irreverently named “‘ The Strangers’ Prayer They remained until 1886,

34

Page 87

THE ORGAN AND CHURCH MUSIC. 35

“Great,’’ but only a small ‘“ extending to Fiddle G, which was the usual compass at the time it would be made; it had no pedal pipes.” It was eventually re-erected at the Parish Church at Sowerby, where it did good service for many years. The second Organ was completed in 1863-4, and was placed in the corner of the North Aisle near to the Beaumont Chapel. It cost £300 and was badly damaged by the fire in 1886. The third Organ was also built by P. Conacher & Co., when the Church was restored in 1887 and such portions of its predecessor as were only slightly injured were repaired and put in again. The following are the Names of the Subscriberstothe....... and Organ of this Church anno domini 1792.

£ s. da. Sir Thomas Blackett, Patron .. . # ib oe es a 4 21 Oo The Right Hon. The Earl of a 21 Richard Henry Beaumont, Esq., Lord of the Maxioxs of Heaton, Lepton, and Whitley oe ea ae a7 26 5 John Lister Kaye, Esq., Lord at the Aner af Tatton 26 5 Thomas Richard Beaumont, Esq., of Bretton 5 5 Anna... . ‘ is a9 3 3 The Rev. John Smithson, Rector 5 5 Samuel Walker, Churchwarden 5 5 Joseph Blackburn 5 5 Joseph, Thomas, and Law 10 10

Isaac Cowgill, Churchwarden .. . Richard and John Beaumont, Chahwantens Samuel Brook, Mill Hill William Lunn William Bailey .. James Cowgill John Mallinson .. Charles Brook, Nun Bucks John Beaumont, Churchwarden Richard Foster Joseph Dodson .. George Brook Mary Hinchcliffe Thomas Wood John Priestley Edward Haigh .. Joshua Poole John Richardson William Armitage Stephen Midiwood John Castle John Sykes John Ewart Jonathan Balmforth Thomas Dutton a Joseph Sheard, Parish Clerk Joseph Hodgson ‘ Thomas Broadley, James Eastwood, Miller

- -

ee ew Re Re ee Me He DD pe ee Ne ee i ee ON ND DP HDHD DHA HD DW UY

Page 88

36

KIRKHEATON.

' John Dyson ..

Joseph Cockhill James Foster Joseph Ramsden John Miller Edmund Stringer Joshua Tolson .. wt ws - bea James Eastwood Charles Wilson .. John Wilson Thomas Newhill. . William Kilner .. Richard Horsfall William Dyson .. Richard Tolson .. James Kaye John Wood John Jessop, Tanner Valentine Senior st James Clayton, Churchwarden Solomon Sykes Hannah Jessop .. Joshua Lee John Jessop Benjamin Armitage... 6s os Joseph Copley Joseph Ibberson ws Robert Wilson .. ses wa John Liversedge Martha Wood Benjamin Spivey William Cowgill. . oe as ais a4 Jonathan Sykes 64 a2 a ae = a John Lockwood John Farrand Joseph Livesay .. John Tolson ie a ea as ‘8 OD Levi Sheard 7 Thomas Johnson oe sé 26 sis oe Joseph Dyson Isaac Stringer .. a George Berry .. a a Hanby Dyson, Churchwarden Richard Batley .. Thomas Oxley £6 sia aS auf Joseph Sheard .. ee ws ea a a William Spivey .. William Armitage Benjamin Bray .. ws Isaac Dollive, Wakefield 6 Robert Rockley Battye, Surgeon

Total

na

Wee fmt tt ttt atte oe ie 2 2 eo

£241 10

fo eo oo KC OO OOOO oO KOC OCCU OCC OOOO OCC KOC OOOO OC OOOO OOOO OC OO KO OOOO OOOO Oe

°

Page 89

THE ORGAN AND CHURCH MUSIC. 37

CuuRcH Music, Pope Gregory founded a school of singers in Rome and compiled an Antiphonary of liturgical music A.D. 590-604, and from this time onwards to the days of the Troubadours, music was practically in the possession of the Church, viz: from the VilIth to the XIVth centuries. Gregory’s music reached England early in the VIIth century, and singing schools were inaugurated at Canterbury and York. Ireland was also affected by it, and it should be remembered that at this period culture was more advanced in Ireland than elsewhere in Northern Europe. The Danish invasion had played havoc with Northern England, which was still largely heathen, and how far Christianity had penetrated, or Gregorian standards were accepted here, must be to some extent a matter of conjecture. Giraldus Cambrensis in the XIIth century said that in Britain beyond the Humber (Yorkshire) the inhabitants used a harmony in singing peculiar to themselves, which they had, like much of their language from the Northmen. Whether this is correct it is difficult to determine, but is not without significance, as it is the same territory as that in which a natural sense of harmony is found to be most highly developed, even to-day. It was in union with Gregorian song that the Organ began to take its place in religious music and found an early footing in England. It should be realized, however, that until centuries later it was only to be heard in Cathedrals and large and important Churches. It had avery limited capacity, the keys had to be thumped down, two players being necessary for one octave.* During the Middle Ages other forms of Church Art came to perfection, and had exhausted themselves before Music came into its kingdom. It was in Architecture that the Medieval progress reached its splendid climax. The Abbeys and Cathedrals of that period were not raised to meet the actual needs of congregations, but rather to enshrine the religious idea, and stimulate the soul to wonder and aspirations. It was only after architecture had reached its zenith and decadence was at hand, that music was enabled to offer to religion an inspiration and support hitherto unequalled. The Reformation to some extent placed Church music under a ban. With vestments and ritual it had to share the obloquy which violent partisanship was not slow to devise. It was Popish, or at best an invasion of the Sanctuary, for the voice of song to be confined to the Clergy and trained Chanters. The introduction of the vernacular in place of Latin gave congregational psalmody and hymnody an opportunity which was quickly seized, but for the most part the people could not read; they could only sing what they could learn by heart, like the balladsin use on secular occasions, and it is one of the ironies of history that Puritanism was indebted to a notorious writer of love songs for material in their congregational praise, for in 1542 Clement Marot published fifty-two psalms in metre set to music used for other purposes at the French Court. Sternhold and Hopkins produced an imitation of Marot set to ballad and dance tunes. As already mentioned Organs were not in genera! parochial use. Stringed and wind instruments were those in vogue. When the religious fervour of the earlier psalmody declined, the services in the ordinary * Arthur Weigall in his ‘‘ Wanderings in Anglo-Saxon Britain” says that about the year 1000 there was

an Organ in the Minster at Winchester founded some century earlier by Alfred the Great with 400 bronze pipes and 26 sets of bellows.

Page 90

38 KIRKHEATON.

Parish Church became unspeakably dull even when Sternhold and Hopkins had given way to Tate and Brady. For a way of escape from the cul-de-sac into which metrical psalmody had ied the ordinary music of worship, we are largely indebted to the Methodists, John and Charles Wesley. (See Dr. Longford’s ‘‘ Music and

Religion.”’) CHAPTER VIII.

THE BELLS.

N the Injunctions of Thomas Young, Archbishop of York, given at his ‘‘ Diocesan [ Visitation in 1567,” there is the Episcopal “* Whereas there is a foul abuse through superstitious ringing of bells at the burial of thedead, Churchwardens shall from henceforth see the abuses redressed. Yet we think it not inconvenient, but rather necessary and expedient that at what time it shall please Almighty Gop so to visit any person with sickness that shall be thought to endanger death, there be a bell tolled to give signification thereof to the neighbours that they may fall to prayer for the sick, or else repair unto him to comfort and exhort him.” Up to 1819 there were only three bells at Kirkheaton Church, and in 1805 these had been recast by T. Mears & Sons of London, on account of being out of tune, and probably cracked, for the story still lingers that they were anything but musical and the sound of their peal resembled the words, “ fire poke, coal rake, and tongs’ In 1819-22, one of these old bells appears to have been removed and four new ones added by public subscription, making the present total of six, all by Mears. They bear the names of several of the Churchwardens of that period. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. XVII, p. 448. In 1922 owing to vibration, and former ruthless cutting away of masonry, it was found that the upper portion of the Tower was unsafe, and on this account the Bells were rehung on a steel frame, and tuned by Mears and Stainbank. Mrs. Elizabeth Hannah Scholes of Grimscar, Huddersfield, by her Will proved in 1918, left £500 for stained glass in the large West window of the North Aisle, and by arrangement with, and consent of, her Exors. this bequest was devoted to the repair of the Bells, and two small windows in the Vestry were filled with coloured glass, as memorials of Mrs. Scholes and her mother Mrs. Stringer. Many legends are associated with the ringing of Church bells. At Dewsbury, the Mother Church of Kirkheaton, an old custom prevailed of tolling the Devil’s Knell on Christmas morning, as soon as the clock struck the hour of midnight, to com- memorate the overthrow of the Devil when Christ was born. The Passing bell, rung in so many parishes, is supposed to have originated in the ancient belief, that the sound of the Church bell drove away any demon that might seek to take possession of the departing soul. the Passing bell doth toll, And the Furies in a shole, Come to fight a parting soule,

Sweet Spirit comfort me.” (Litanie to the Holy Spirit, Robt. Herrick. 1591-1674).

1 In the Kirkheaton Churchwardens’ accounts for 1807-8, there is an item of “‘ £28 18. 2.” for new Bells,” which would probably be 3th of the total cost, the other three Townships paying their proportional share.

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CHAPTER IX.

STAINED GLASS WINDOWS.

XVtTH CENTURY GLASS IN THE WEST WINDOW OF THE CHURCH UNTIL 1888,

NTIL 1888 there were a few small quarrels of XVth century glass mingled with U plain later lozenge shaped leaded panes in the West Window of the Church under the Tower. They are decorated with the badge of King Edward IVth, the “‘ Rose- en-Soliel,” said to have been assumed by him after the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, and were probably the last remaining portions of the original glazing of the Window, when the Tower was built about 1468.

e

XVIItH CENTURY GLASS IN THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL.

HE only example of old glass remaining in the Church is the quartered shield of Arms of Sir Richard Beaumont, Knight and Baronet, who died in 1631, and is still to be seen in the East window of his family Chapel. This panel is not medieval, but early XVIIth century, for, as it is not mentioned by Roger Dodsworth, it evidently was not there when he visited Kirkheaton in 1629. 1. Gu. a lion ramp. arg. langued and armed az. within an orle of crescents of the second for Beaumont. Sa. fretty arg. over all a label of three points or, for Harrington. Arg. three bars gu. for Moulton. Sa. fretty and semée de fleur de lis or, for Arg. a cross moline sa. for Copley, or Banester. Sa. three lions pass. guard. in pale for English. Gu. a saltire arg. for Neville. Sa. on a bend arg. three mullets gu. for Clifton. Arg. a cross pomel gu. for Wastley, or Powmale, Oy.

=

THE Lytey WINDow.

HERE was formerly another piece of XVIIth century armorial glass in the Church commemorating Wm. Lyley, who gave a charity to the Parish, and died in 1685. It escaped destruction in 1823, but was accidentally smashed by whitewashers some 30 or 40 years later. It was replaced by a glass panel painted 1 Query az. fretty, etc.

39

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40 KIRKHEATON,.

in oils, which in turn was broken at the time of the fire in 1886, and was again reinstated by the present coloured glass window in one of the South lights in the Vestry, given by Samuel Evans of Birmingham in recognition of work executed by him for other donors.

NOTE.

Members of the Lyley family were long associated with the parishes of Kirk- heaton, Warmfield, and Rothwell, but there is no pedigree of them extant. At Kirkheaton their name is perpetuated by such places as Lyley Hall, and Lyley Lane. In the Court Rolls of the Manor of Lepton, in Kirkheaton, for the 9th Henry VIIth 1493, the jurors say that a Wm. Lyley died seized of a messuage and lands in Heton (Kirkheaton) and Mirfield, called Lyley Place, and that Beatrix, wife of Richard Thurgarland lately deceased, is daughter and heir of the said Wm. (Yorks. Arch. Soc., Vol. VI, p. 418). ‘The William Lyley of Lofthouse in Rothwell, whom the window in Kirkheaton Church commemorates, died in 1685, and seems to have been a bachelor, for there is no mention of wife or children in his Will, and, although many of the beneficiaries seem to have been his kinsmen, there is nothing to show their degree of relationship to the testator. In the Parish of Kirkheaton he charged his lands with the yearly payment of Five pounds “ unto ye Maister of ye Free School there, for ye teaching of Ten poore schoolers.”” Other lands were charged with similar sums for the poor of each of the parishes of Warmfield and Rothwell. Here comes what is perhaps a unique circumstance: his will contains no in- structions for placing memorials of him in any of these Churches, yet in each of them heraldic glass with his Arms and date of his birth and death, was placed in a window and, what is stranger still in all these cases, the original panels have been broken, and, ages after the disappearance of those connected with him in name and lineage, have been replaced at varying periods, by comparatively modern coloured glass bearing his Arms and inscriptions, practically identical in each instance. He was buried at Rothwell in the floor of the Nave, where there is a stone slab bearing his quaint arms and inscription.

East WINDOW IN CHANCEL.

HE three centre lights represent the ‘‘ Ascension,” and the two side ones the preaching of “SS. Peter and Paul.” In memory of Abram Brierley of Ashfield, Lepton. Given by his widow in 1888. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

WEST WINDOW OF THE NAVE UNDER THE TOWER. “St. John the Baptist preaching to the people.” Given by Legh Tolson in 1888. Artists, Lavers and Westlake, London.

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KIRKHEATON

“‘WARMFIELD

Page 95

ROTHWELL

Page 96

GRAVESTONE IN NAVE OF ROTHWELL CHURCH.

Page 97

LYLEY WINDOW IN VESTRY.

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STAINED GLASS MEMORIAL WINDOWS. 41

IN THE NortTH AISLE.

“ The Crucifixion.” In memory of the Rev. William Kettlewell, for 13 years the Curate of this parish who died at Kirkheaton, 1839, and Mary, his wife, who died at Leeds, 1851. Given by their son, the Rev. Samuel Kettlewell in 1891. Artists, Clayton and Bell, London.

“ Our Lord, the Saviour of the world.” In memory of John Cooper Broadbent of Lascelles Hall, who died in 1904. Given by his widow in 1908. Artist, J. N. Comfer of London.

“The Good Samaritan.” In memory of Benjamin Lockwood for 30 years Surgeon of this Parish, who died in 1846. Given by his daughters Mrs. Maddox and Miss Lockwood in 1892. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

“ Christ blessing little children.”” In memory of Martha, wife of Hefford Ainley of Kirkheaton, who died in 1888. Given by her husband in 1900. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

“The Good Shepherd.” In memory of John Bentley. Given by the Teachers and Scholars of the Sunday School in 1902. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

IN THE SOUTH AISLE. “ Nehemiah rebuilding the Walls of Jerusalem.”’ Given by E. A. Beaumont in 1888 in memory of H.R.H. Prince Leopold’s visit to the Church in 1883, and his lamented death in 1884. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

“Christ blessing the little children.” In memory of Maria, mother of E. A. Beaumont of Huddersfield, who died in 1889. Given by her son in 1889. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

“ Dorcas distributing alms to the Poor.” In memory of Sarah, wife of Richard Henry Inman of Dalton, who died 1887. Given by her husband in 1888. Artists, Powell Bros., Leeds.

“For I was hungred an ye gave me meat.” In memory of George Robinson Sykes of Dalton who died in 1887. Given by his widow in 1890. Artist, Samuel Evens, Birmingham.

“Faith, Hope, and Charity.”’ Given by Isaac Hordern of Huddersfield in memory of his parents in 1888. Artists, A.O. Hemming & Co., London.

IN THE VESTRY.

The Arms of Wm. Lyley who died in 1685. This was given in 1888 by Samuel Evens to replace an early panel that had been broken.

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42 KIRKHEATON.

“The finding of Moses,” and Samuel answering ‘‘ Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth.” In memory of Henry Stringer who died in 1912 and his wife Ann who died in 1920. Artists, Keyll and Reed, Leeds. ‘“ Ruth,” and “ David with Harp.” In memory of Elizabeth Hannah who died in 1918, wife of John William Scholes and daughter of Henry and Ann Stringer. Given by Will and erected in 1922. Artists, Keyll and Reed, Leeds.

IN THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL.

“The Holy Women at the Tomb of Our Lord.” In memory of Major General Richard Henry John Beaumont, only son of John and Charlotte McCumming, he died 1874, aged 70, and of his eldest son, Lieut. Colonel Richard Henry Beaumont Beaumont, Royal Engineers, who died 1884, S.P. aged 42. Given by one of the Beaumonts in 1900. Artist, Powell of London.

CHAPTER X.

HERALDIC GLASS DESCRIBED BY DODSWORTH IN 1629.

OGER Dodsworth in his Yorkshire Notes describes the heraldic glass in Kirk- heaton Church, as he saw it in 1629.

In THE NORTH QUIER WINDOW.

This window was probably blocked up and destroyed when the Beaumont Chapel was extended. See pp. 24 and 25. Beaumont .G.a lyon 8. Ar. impaling Mirfield. Vert .2. lyons passt . Ar. In the Glasse Orate proanimabus.... . Bemond et Cecile uxoris suae.

(Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, Kirkheaton, who died 1471, married Cecilia Mirfield. They had licence from the Archbishop of York for an Oratory in their house 1468).

In THE MIDDLE QUYER WINDOW.

Percy, B. 5 . Fuzells in fesse Ar. (See Note A.). Harrington, Sa. fretty .. . a label of 3 points. . .

The tinctures of the Harrington arms should be:—Sa fretty arg. a label of three points or. Sir James Harrington of Brierley in the parish of Felkirk was patron of the living of Kirkheaton in 1477-78. His father Sir Thomas Harrington of Hornby and Brierley, died of wounds the day after the battle of Wakefield, in 1460, and his elder brother Sir John was killed in that battle. Sir James was at the battle of Bosworth in 1485 when the Yorkists were finally defeated; he was attainted I Hen. VII, 1485, and fled to the Continent. His son John Harrington died without issue in 1511, and is supposed to have been poisoned at the instigation of Sir Edward Stanley Lord Monteagle who married Ann Harrington, John’s cousin. (See Hist. of Whalley 1806 edition, p. 455-7.)

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DAWTRE

SAVILE HOPTON

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HERALDIC GLASS DESCRIBED BY DODSWORTH. 43

SouTtH WINDOW OF CHURCH.

Mirfield. (See note B.). Savell. (See note C.). os gem sme in afesseent 6mollets. (See note D.).

Norte A,

Dodsworth is evidently mistaken as to the Arms of Percy for there is little doubt that they were those of Dawtrey. There is no known connection between the Percys and Kirkheaton, and the fusils in the Percy coat are or not ar. It is a coin- cidence however, that Lawton in his ‘‘ Collections for the Dioceses of York and Ripon,” falls into a similar error, and says that the patronage of the Rectory belonged to the Dukes of Northumberland—a statement for which there is no confirmation. Az. five fusils in fesse arg. is clearly the armorial of William Dawtrey, Rector of Kirkheaton, 1479-1511, and the coat born by Sir John Dawtrey, who was “ Knighted at ye Battail of Flodden Fyeld, faughten ye [Xth day of September 1513.” Of the shields mentioned by Dodsworth this was the only one that escaped the ravages of time, and survived the alterations and destruction of 1823. It even outlived the fire in 1886, for it can be seen fixed upside down amidst a patchwork of fragments of coloured glass in the photo of the Chancel taken after It been known to the Sunday scholars, whose eyes and thoughts are apt to wander during long sermons, as the “‘ Bee Hoppet ” or straw hive. It is to be deplored that during the rebuilding of the Church this interesting bit of ancient heraldry disappeared. The Manor of Catton, co. York, which appears to have included Nether Catton, Over Catton, Full Sutton, Stamford Bridge, Wilberfosse, etc., was granted by the Conqueror to William Percy the founder of the family of the Earls of Northumberland, and it has come down through heiresses to the present owner Lord Leconfield. Petworth in Sussex has also descended to him from the Percys, in the same At both Catton and Petworth, the De Alta Ripas, Dealtrys, and Dawtreys, were tenants of the Manors, and there is a note in an old Catton survey which says that certain lands at Full Sutton were never out of the De Alta Ripa name.?_ This would carry them back to those early times, when the feudal tenant often adopted, with some variation, the armorials of his Lord, thus accounting for the similarity between those of Percy and Dealtry.

Note B.

The Mirfields were a family of considerable rank and consequence in their day who, according to the author of the “ Records of Batley,” became extinct in 1520, From the Will of Oliver Mirfield of Howley who died in 1461-2 we learn that he had large landed possessions and that some of them were in Kirkheaton (Heyton). He was doubtless a benefactor to Kirkheaton and hence the appearance of his arms in the South window of the Church.

+ Agnes, daughter and heiress of the fourth Baron Percy married Joselyn of Louvain, Lord of Petworth, who assumed his wife’s name, but retained for his arms the azurelion of Brabant. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. X,p.4. and Heraldry of York Minster, Vol. II, p. 323, plate v. 2 John de Alta Ripa obtained a grant from Joselyn of Louvain of a manor called Haultrey, and assumed the name of De Haultrey or Dawtrie. He founded the Sussex family, whose descendants through Margaret Roper, wife of William Dawtrie, were related to the great Sir Thomas More. See Burke’s Armory.

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44 KIRKHEATON.

“ Testamentum Oliveri Myrfield, Armigeri. Mysaoule unto Gop Almighty, to our Lady, and to all the Santes in Heven. I wille my feffis that air enfeffed in all my lordshippes in the towns of Mirfield, Dighton, Egerton, Gleydeholt, Heyton, Hopton, Batley, Howley, Morley, Gildesome, Bolton, Chekingley, Lede, Newstede, Halifax, Wakefield, West Bretton, etc., to William Mirfield, my sonne and to his eyeres of his body begotten. I wille that holy Kirke have all his dieuties that hym ought for to have.” In the North Quire, or Howley Chapel at Batley Parish Church there is a fine old alabaster tomb of the Mirfields upon which rest in effigy a Knight in armour and his Lady. We learn from a Fine dated 46 Edward III (1372), that the Mirfields were then associated with Woodsome in the parish of Almondbury (Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VIII, p. 509), and in 20 Richard II (1397), the reversion of the manor of Woodsome, after the death of Alice Lady Mirfield, and John Kay, was granted to Lawrence Kay his son, which, according to Dr. Whitaker is the first mention of Kay of Woodsome, and afterwards of Denby Grange (Loidis and Elmete, p. 331).

Note C.

The Saviles, Earls of Mexborough, are the chief family left to us of this name, but from the 14th to 18th centuries many branches were scattered over the West Riding, each possessing some old Hall and Manor. The following deeds show the ancient connection of the Saviles with Kirkheaton. Inquisition taken in the Court of Wakefield, Friday next after the feast of St. Michael, ro Ed. III, 1337. ** John de Sayvill did homage, etc. for lands in Heton.” Fine, 18 Ric. II, 1394. “ John Sayvill of Shellay held lands in Heton, Lepton, and Dalton.” Charter dated at Lepton on the Eve of S.S. Simon and Jude the Apostles, 1434.

“ Know p’sent and to come that I, William Hepworth, Vicar of the Church of Ruston, have given, granted and by this my p’sent confirmed to Richard son of Thomas Dodsworth, that capital Mess. called Lacel-hall with all the lands, meadows, woods, and pasture to the same belonging, which I lately with Robert Storthies, the elder, had of the gift and grant of John Savill of Shellay.” Henry Savile, son of Nicholas Savile of New Hall, Elland, and cousin of John Savile of Hullingedge, whose arms impaling Hopton were formerly in Mirfield Church, married Elizabeth, daughter of Thurston Hall of Wath-on-Dearn and through her inherited a moiety of the Manor of Dalton about 1530.

NoTE D. With regard to the fragment of heraldry, the last shield mentioned by Dodsworth as having been in the “‘ South Window of the Church,” his description “. . . a fesse

ent 6 mullets.” is evidently wrong, and should have been, Arg. two bars sa. each charged with three mullets or, the arms of Hopton. If the glass was decayed and broken, as no doubt it was when seen by Dodsworth, it would be easy to mistake two bars, each charged with three mullets for a fesse between six mullets. Kirkby’s Ing. says Adam de Hopton tenet in Heton (Kirkheaton) II bov. terrae in 31 Ed.

393. Charter dated at Gawkethorpe 1306.

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HOPTON

Note D. p. 44

Page 105

ARMS OF TOLSON. WEST WINDOW OF NAVE.

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HERALDIC GLASS DESCRIBED BY DODSWORTH. 45

“Hugh Pykard of Leeds, Chaplaine, gave to Ric. de Hoppeton his Manor of Gawkthorpe and all those lands and tenements which lately were Sir Thomas de Bellomont Kt’s in Lepton and all those lands and tenements which lately were Nicholas de Lascelles’ in the said towne. Testamentum Adam de Hopton data apud Armelai-hall 7th Jan. 1383-4. To be buried at St. Peter’s Church, Leeds, etc., etc. Pro satisfactione tempore venationis meae pro canibus meis, si damnum fecerint animalibus quorumcunque in parochiis de Mirfeld, Heton, Thornhill, et Deusbury (Test. Ebor., Vol. tv, p. 5). Translation. For satisfaction at the time of my hunting with my hounds if they have injured any animals in the parishes of Mirfield, Kirkheaton, Thornhill and Dewsbury.

Good Adam Hopton, who in days of yore, So loved to hunt the pig with bow and spear, The cry of hounds behind the hard pressed boar, We crave again in Heton you might hear !

CHAPTER XI.

HERALDRY NOW IN THE CHURCH.

I. ON THE ALDERSON MONUMENT.

Z. a chev. engr. erm. between three suns in splendour, for Alderson, imp. Arg. three sheaves of as many arrows ppr. on a chief az. a bee volant or, for Peel. 2. ON THE WALKER MONUMENTS. Arg. a chev. between three crescents sa., for Walker, imp. Sa. three trout hauriant arg. on a chief or. a lion ramp. of the first gutté d’or, between two pellets, dexter charged with a martlet and sinister with an anchor both of the third, for Kitson. Crest, A demi griffin wings expanded vert, crowned or, issuing out of flames ppr.

3. ON THE WALKER MONUMENTS. On another tablet the same Arms of Walker without impalement.

4. ON THE ALSTON MONUMENT. Az. ten etoiles or, four, three, two, one, for Alston; imp. Arg. a chev. gu. between three oxen sa. for Oxenden. Crest, A crescent arg. charged with an etoile or.

5. ON THE CLARKE MONUMENT. Az. three escallops in pale or, between two flaunches erm. for Clarke, imp. Per fesse arg. and sa. a fesse counter embattled, between three falcons all counter changed as first, for Thompson.

6. ON THE GREENWOOD MONUMENT. Sa. a chev. erm. between three saltires arg. Crest, A demi lion ramp. or, holding between the paws a saltire arg.

7. ON THE TOLSON MONUMENTS AND WEST WINDOW OF THE NAVE. Vert, a rose arg., on a chief engr. or, two martlets az. all within a bordure erm. charged with four pellets and as many annulets sa. Crest, An annulet or in front of a demi tower issuing therefrom a bear’s paw ppr. grasping four ostrich feathers arg.

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46 KIRKHEATON.

8. ON THE BROADBENT WINDOW IN THE NorTH AISLE. Per pale erm. and az. a fesse wavy gu. for Broadbent, impaling, Per fesse gu. and or, a pale, three squirrels sejant and as many trefoils slipped, all counter changed for Cresswell.

g. On A HATCHMENT IN THE NorTH AISLE. Per fesse gu. and sa., a fesse erm. between two lions heads erased or in chief, and a dolphin embowed ppr. in base, for Senior, impaling, Sa. a wolf salient or, in chief three mullets of six points arg. for Wilson. Crest, A leopard couchant ppr. crowned or. Dexter field black, sinister white.

ro. ON THE DICKENS MONUMENT. Erm. a cross flory...... for Dickens, impaling...... achev...... between two eagles displayed... . . in chief anda mullet... .inbasefor..... Crest,. broken.

rr. IN THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL IN THE NorTH WINDOW. Gu. a lion ramp. arg. langued and armed az. within an orle of crescents of the second, for Beaumont. Crest, A bull’s head erased, quarterly arg. and gu.

12. ON THE JACOBEAN MONUMENT TO SIR RICHARD BEAUMONT, KT. AND BarT., WHO DIED 1631. (a) The Arms and Crest of Beaumont, as No. 11. (b) On one side of the canopy the Shield of Beaumont without Crest, and on the other side a Shield with nine quarterings:— I. Beaumont. II. Sa. a fret arg. over all a label of three points or, for Harrington.

III. Arg. three bars gu. for Moulton. IV. Sa. fretty and semee of fluers-de-lis or, for Morville. V. Arg. across moline sa. for Copley. VI. Sa. three lions pass. guard. arg. for English. VII. Gu. a saltire arg. for Neville. VHI. Sa. ona bend arg. three mullets gu. for Clifton. IX. Arg. across pomel gu. for Wastley, or Powmale. (Query.) 3. The same Shield and quarterings occur in the East window of the Chapel, with the Motto:—Fide sed cui vide. 14. ON THE MONUMENT TO RICHARD BEAUMONT WHO DIED 1691-2. The arms and Crest of Beaumont, impaling Or six amulets three, two, one, sa. for Lowther. 15. ON THE MONUMENT TO RICHARD BEAUMONT WHO DIED 1704. The Arms of Beaumont, over all an inescutcheon. Sa. three eagles displayed erminois for Stringer. 16. ON A BRASS ON THE FLOOR TO ADAM BEAUMONT WHO DIED IN 1655. The Arms of Beaumont, impaling, Arg. a mullet sa. pierced of the field, for Ashton.

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ALDERSON

IMPALING

WALKER KITSON

IMPALING

ALSTON OXENDEN

IMPALING

Page 109

CLARKE THOMPSON

IMPALING

No. 5 No. 5

GREENWOOD TOLSON

No. 6 No. 7

BROADBENT CRESWELL

IMPALING

Page 110

SENIOR WILSON

IMPALING

DICKINS UNKNOWN Tinctures Ilegible

IMPALING

Page 111

ARMS ON MONUMENT TO SIR RICHARD BEAUMONT, 1631

BEAUMONT HARRINGTON MOULTON

Il

MORVILLE

COPLEY ENGLISH

a

NEVILE CLIFTON QUERY

VIII

Page 112

LOWTHER

STRINGER

No. 15

Page 113

ASHTON HOLT

No. 16 Nos. 18 & 19

WIGGINS

No. 20

UNUSUAL CHARGE ON IMPALED ARMS OF WIGGINS

Page 114

17

Page 115

THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL.

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HERALDRY IN THE CHURCH. 47

17. HATCHMENT. On a Lozenge; the Arms of Beaumont, over all an inescutcheon Arg. on a bend engr. sa. three fleurs-de-lis of the first, for Holt. Field of hatchment all black.

18. HATCHMENT. On a Shield; Quarterly 1st and 4th Beaumont, 2nd and 3rd Holt. Field all black.

19. HATCHMENT. On a Shield; Quarterly rst and 4th Beaumont, 2nd and 3rd Holt. Field all black.

20. HATCHMENT. On a Shield; the Arms of Beaumont, impaling Arg. on a chev. az. between three quatrefoils each charged with four roundles per fesse gu. and vert., three bezants for Wiggins. Dexter black sinister white.

21. IN THE VESTRY WINDOW. Gu. a lion pass. guard. arg. Crest, A cubit arm in armour, the hand within a gauntlet grasping a war mace all ppr. from the handle of the mace a chain pendant or, for Lyley.

CHAPTER XII.

MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. M URAL Inscriptions on walls of interior of Church before the fire in 1886.

No. 1. Monendus es. Amice Lector, hic subtus jacere. Reliquias—quotquot mortales— Viri Reverendi Thomae Clarke, A.M. Hujusce et Ecclesiae de Swillington on degnissimi Rectoris Et Eboracensis Prebendarij. Qui ab ineunte aetate usque ad annum septuagessimum Ludimagister tam publice quam privatim Functus est officiis. In quo munere obeundo ita fideliter se gessit. Ut quid doctrina, quid virtus, quid pietas possit, Clarissimum posteris reliquerit exemplum. Per primos viginti annos, Regiae Scholae Wakefeldiensi Prepositus. Disciplinae totus incubuit: Dein eandum apud Kirkletham in se Curam recepit, Et is fuit Amor, Discipulorum quos direlictus erat, Ut Praeceptorum suum quasi gregatim Ilo Sequerentur Ad hanc Ecclesiam regendam tandem vocatus Ac divisis pariter Laboribus Inter Res Sacras.

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48 KIRKHEATON.

Et in Adolescentulis quibusdam lectis instituendis Ea animi Tranquillitate et Felicitate, Quam caeteris omnibus impertivit, Ipse auspicatissime fruebatur. Vixit annos Octaginta, Tum demum, nulla vixdum Senectutis Maba, Praeter ipsam Senectutem perpessus, Haustis viribus ex hac vita In alteram feliciter transiit, Die Novembris XXV et salutis nostrae Anno MDCCLVI. Ne tam chari Capitis Memoria funditis periret Vidua illius maestissima et Filiarum Par Marmor hoc non mendax Flentes posuere.

A TRANSLATION.

Take heed, Friend Reader, that close to this spot lie what are the mortal remains of the Rev. Thomas Clarke, M.A., the most worthy Rector of this Church and of Swillington, and Prebend of York, who from early youth up to his 7oth year was engaged in the work of a not only public but also private Schoolmaster. In the performance of this duty he behaved so honourably as to leave behind to posterity a most illustrious example of the power of learning, virtue and piety. For the first twenty years during which he had charge of the King’s School at Wakefield, he actively devoted himself to teaching, and afterwards took upon himself the same responsibilities at Kirkleatham, and such was the love of his pupils, whom he would have to give up, that almost in a body (quasi gregatim) they rapidly followed their master thither. At length he was called to be Rector of Dividing his labour equally between Holy things and the instruction of certain chosen young men he enjoyed that calmness and happiness of mind which he imparted to all others in all blessedness. He lived to the age of 80. Then at last, though having suffered scarcely any of the infirmities of old age, save old age itself, his strength being worn out, he passed happily from this life to the other on the 25th of November in 1756th year of our Salvation. Lest the memory of one so beloved should perish utterly, his sorrowing widow and two daughters in grief have put up this most veracious (non mendax) tablet.

No. 2. In memory of the Rev. Bryan Allot, Of Billham Grange, late Rector of this Parish Who died universally lamented Jany. 11th 1773 aet. 79.

More with the love than with the fear of Gop, This vale of sorrow cheerfully he trod So tuned to harmony and hating strife From youth to age unclouded was his life. Nought could his earthly virtuous joys increase, But heavenly song and everlasting peace.

By the side of her beloved husband lies MARGARET . Relict of the above named Bryan Allot, she was the youngest daughter of Nicholas Wilmot, Esq. (second son of Robert Wilmot Esq. of Armiston in ye County of Derby) by his wife Sarah, daughter of Joseph Lloyd, Esq., of the City of London. She died Feb. 20th 1798, aet. 94 years. Note. The above lines are said to have been written by David Garrick.

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MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. 49

No. 3. Amicitaect gratitudinio ergo In Memory of Mr. Benjamin Waller of Bog Hall Who died Nov. 1st 1761 cet. 67 Caetera quisnescit.

No. 4. To the memory of Annie Charlotte the beloved wife of the Rev. George Alston B.A., Curate of this parish and daughter of the late Sir Henry Oxenden, Bart. of Broom Park in the County of Kent. She died June 28th, 1841 aged 35 years. This tablet is erected by her affectionate husband. No. 5. To the beloved memory of Georgiana wife of the Rev. Christopher Alderson M.A., Rector of this parish and dau. of John Peel, Esq., of Pastures House, Derby. Born October 12th, 1801, died February 6th, 1850, aged 48 years. Benevolent, judicious, upright, and pious, in life she was greatly respected and beloved and in death deeply lamented, ‘ They also which sleep in Jesus will Gop bring with 1 Thes. Chap. Iv, verse 14. Also of the above Rev. Christopher Alderson, M.A. Upwards of 44 years Rector of this parish born August 30th 1802, died Sept. 11th 1880 “He being dead yet speaketh.’”’ Neh. chap. XI, ver. 4.

No. 6. To the memory of Christopher Richardson, A.M. of Trinity College, Cambridge and Lascelle Hall in this parish. Rector of Kirkheaton 1646-1661 in which latter year he was silenced. He established the first Presbyterian Church in Liverpool in 1688 and died in that city 1698, aged

80, This memorial was erected by John Richardson of Bromley, Kent, Francis Richardson of Ventnor, and Martha Sparks of Crewkerne, his descendants in the fifth generation. July, 1884.

No. 7. This records the name of Joseph Walker Esq. but cannot recount his virtues nor express his loss, his friends will remember the one, his relatives lament the other as long as they live. He died April the roth 1774, aged 65 years. Also Rachel Walker relict of the above named Joseph Walker, Esq. She died April 30th, 1777 aged 56 years. If the loving wife, the tender Mother, the sincere friend and charitable neighbour, are virtues which merit the protection of our omnipotence, we trust she is happy.

No. 8. Samuel Walker of Lascelles Hall Esq. died June 24th 1809, aged 62 years. That such transcendent worth should not droop to oblivion, this stone is erected. No stern reproach, no dark foreboding fears E’er caused a struggle in his manly breast A life well spent inspired his latter years With hopes of glory and eternal rest. Also Esther relict Of ye late Samuel Walker Esq. she died on the roth of May 1833, aet. 78. Beloved and respected she departed this life in hope of a glorious resurrection and in holy confidence waiting the last summons exclaimed ‘“‘ I have fought the fight and have finished my course and kept the faith.”

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50 KIRKHEATON.

Also to the memory of Joseph Walker, of Lascelles Hall in this County and of Broadlands, Torquay, Devon, who died the 22nd of July 1862. Also of Jane Walker, his wife who died z9th January, 1865. Also of their children Jane Buttle Walker, their eldest and dearly loved daughter, who died Jany. 4th, 1858. Samuel William Walker who died June 26th 1845. William Buttle Walker who died April 25th 1848. Also of Samuel Firth Walker brother of the above named Joseph Walker. Hedied June. . .1846. Alsoof Amelia Walker who died at Torquay May 29th 1892. No. 9. In affectionate remembrance of MARTHA Wife of Frederick Greenwood, Surgeon, Huddersfield and daughter of James and Mary Tolson of Dalton in this parish. She died June 23rd, 1858 aged 29 years. ** Him that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out.’’ John v1, 37. No. to. In Memory of ELIZA The beloved wife of William George Wilks of Liverpool, who departed this life at Torquay on the 18th March 1860, aged 26 daughter of James Tolson of Dalton * Whosoever believeth in me shall never die.”” John XI, 26. (Mrs. Wilks was buried at Sowerby near Halifax.) No. 11. Sacred to the memory of JOSEPH BEAUMONT of Dalton Green Who died Jan. 6th 1827, aged 50 years Upright, intelligent and affectionate, the loss is deeply felt by survivors and lamented by the poor to whom he was a liberal benefactor. His end was peace, his memory is blessed. Also MARY eldest daughter of the said Joseph Beaumont. She died May 31st 1815 aged 15 years. Also SARAH his wife who died at Huddersfield, Jan. 7th, 1857, aged 78 years. know that my Redeemer liveth.’’ Job x1x, 25. Also AMELIA Wife of John Beaumont of Ravensknowle Who died February 22nd 1882 aged 64 Also Martha daughter of the above Joseph and Sarah Beaumont who died July 7th 1882 in her 78th year. Also the above named John Beaumont of Ravensknowle Son of the above named Joseph and Sarah Beaumont born May toth 1808 died Sept. roth, 1889.

John Beaumont of Ravenskowle had an only child Sarah Martha, who married Standish Grove-Grady. She died in 1925 and by an eccentric Will left some six

hundred thousand pounds for the suppression “‘ of all sport involving the pursuit, or death of,any Stag, Deer, Fox, Hare, Rabbit, Bird, Fish or any other animal,” and

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No. 12 (See p. 51).

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MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. . 51

for the purchase of lands or islands, in Great Britain and Ireland “ to provide Homes or Hospitals for animals to be called ‘ The Beaumont Animals Benevolent Society.’ ”

No. 12. Near this place are interred the bodies of Thomas Dickens late of this parish Gent. and Elizabeth his wife Also the bodies of Thomas, William and Samuel Sons of the said Thomas and Elizabeth Dickens. They departed this life at the respective times and ages following: Samuel Dickens deceased Dec. 27th 1677, aged 7. William Dickens July toth 1685, aged 21. Thomas Dickens, Senr. Sept. 23rd 1692, aged 69. Thomas Dickens, Jr. May 30th, 1701, aged 38. Elizabeth Dickens, Sept. 26th, 1702, aged 72.

No, 13. Near this are interred the bodies of Mr. Francis Watts and Mrs. Ann Watts his wife late of Colnbridge Forge. She died 24th of Sept. 1733, aged 23 years. He died 15th Febry. 1737, aged 60 years.

No. 14. Sacred to the Memory of JOSEPH ATKINSON of Bradley Mills in this parish, who died Nov. 1772, aged 70. Also of Elizabeth, relict of the above Joseph Atkinson, who died Sept. 26th, 1791, aged 82 years. Also of Joseph their grandson who died in his infancy, Nov. 1756. Also of Susanna, wife of Thomas Atkinson of Moldgreen, who died February 11th 1795, aged 50 years. Also of the said Thomas Atkinson of Moldgreen in this parish, son of the above named Joseph and Elizabeth Atkinson. He died Oct. rst, 1813, aged 79 years. Also of Joseph Atkinson of Bradley Mills son of the above named Joseph and Elizabeth Atkinson. He died November 29th 1807, aged 76 years. Also of Ann his wife who died March 22nd 1816 aged 77 years. Also of Ann Woodhouse, grand-daughter of the above Joseph and Ann Atkinson of Bradley Mills, who died Jan 4th, 1806, aged 3 years. Also of Ann Vyse, who died at the Grove in this parish, July 5th, 1823 aged 41 years. Also of Richard Gill the son-in-law of the last named Joseph and Ann Atkinson, who died

April 2oth, 1828, aged 64 years. Also of Law, son of the above named Richard Gill, who died November 25th, 1830, aged 23 years.

Also of Mary relict of the above Richard Gill, and third daughter of the above named Joseph and Ann Atkinson of Bradley Mills, who died Sept. 15th, 1842, aged 76 years. No 5. Sacred to the memory of LAW ATKINSON. of Moldgreen in this parish,eldest son of Joseph and Ann Atkinson, he died March 7th 1835 aet. 76. Also of Susanna his first wife, who died Feb. . . . 1794, aged 26 years and was buried in Bunhill-fields, London. Also of Susanna an infant daughter of Susanna and Law Atkinson, who died January 28th 1790 aged 10 months. Also of Susanna another daughter of the above, who died June 8th 1798, aged 7 years.

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52 KIRKHEATON.

Also of Elizabeth the second wife of the before named Law Atkinson who died March 31st

1836 aged 69 years. Also the following children of Law and Elizabeth Atkinson.

Charles their second son who died Aug. 7th 1857, aged 58 years at Buenos Ayres, and is interred there. Edward who died August 25th 1861 aged 64 at Lockington Rectory, and is interred at Singleton Church, Lanc. Charlotte who died June 29th 1862 aged 59, at Clyde Villa, London, and is interred at Highgate Cemetery. No. 16. Sacred to the memory of JOSEPH ATKINSON formerly of the Grove in tnis Parish, second son of Joseph and Ann Atkinson of Bradley Mills. He died 13th July 1831 aged 60 years. Also of Francis his wife, who died August 22nd 1820 aged 43 years. Also the following children of the above Joseph and Francis Atkinson. Ann, who died March 11th 1806 aged 5 years. Ann, an infant, who died January roth 1807 aged 13 weeks. Chamberlain an infant son who died August 23rd 1820, aged 2 days. Francis who died December 20th 1831 aged 33 years. Eliza who died September 11th 1833 aged 18 years. Thomas who died December 3rd 1842 aged 37 years at Lima, South America, and is interred in the English burial ground at Bella Vista. Henry who died September 25th, 1845 aged 42 years and is interred at St. John’s Church, Manchester. No. 17. Sacred to the Memory of THOMAS ATKINSON of Bradley Mills, third son of Joseph and Ann Atkinson. He died March 2oth 1838 aged 59 years. Also of Mary his first wife, who died July 22nd 1807 aged 19 years. Also of their infant daughter who was born and died April 21st 1807. Also of the following children of the above named Thomas Atkinson and of his second wife and relict Mary Margaret viz.: An infant son who was born and died November 15th 1816. Robert Henry who died September 8th 1819 aged 4 months. Louisa who died February 28th 1824 aged 11 months. Robert Rockley who died February 27th 1827 aged 13 months. Mary Margaret who died April 6th 1832 aged 18 years. Thomas who died May 25th 1844 aged 26 years, and who with his wife and two infant children is interred in the Portland burial ground Bristol. Ann Elizabeth, married to Charles Johnson Atkinson. She died Sept. 13th, 1847, aet. 33. Emily who died May 29th 1844, aged 14 months, and Louisa Catherine who died June 21st 1844 aged 5 years, children of the above Charles Johnson and Ann Elizabeth Atkinson. Also of the above named Mary Margaret, relict of Thomas Atkinson of Bradley Mills, who died October 11th, 1865 aged 76 years. No. 18. Sacred to the memory of MARGARET wife of Charles Atkinson, youngest son of Joseph and Ann Atkinson, She died September 6th 1882 aged 39 years.

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Also of the following children of the above Charles and Margaret Atkinson, viz. :— Ellen who died July 29th 1813 aged 4 months. Lees a son, who died October 6th 1818 aged 6 years and is buried in Trinity Churchyard at Halifax in this county. Ann Law, who died December 28th 1822 aged 14 months. Charles Johnson who died April 4th 1853 age 37 vears and is interred at Meltham Mills Church near Huddersfield. Mary Frances wife of Thomas F. Salt, who died July 28th 1857, aged 39 years. and is interred at the parish Church Burton-on-Trent. Also of the above named Charles Atkinson who died March 15th 1870 in the 89th year of his age. The five foregoing Atkinson tablets were fixed in one long row on the North wall of the Chancel. The inscriptions were not cut but merely painted upon the stone slabs and of course were damaged by the fire in February, 1886, so much so as to be rendered almost illegible, and they were not re-erected. In June 1890 Mr. Brickwood, a Barrister of London caused a brass to be placed in the Chancel of Kirkheaton Church bearing the following inscription: Sacred to the Memory of Joseph Atkinson of Bradley Mills,ob. 6 Nov. 1772 aet. 70. Elizabeth Atkinson his widow, ob. 26 Sept. 1791, aged 82. Joseph Atkinson son of the above, ob. 29 Nov. 1807, aet. 76. Ann Atkinson his widow, ob. 22 March, 1816, aet 77. Law Atkinson their elder son ob. 7 March 1836 aet. 75. Elizabeth Atkinson his widow ob. 31 March 1836, aet. 69. and of These children of Law and Elizabeth Atkinson. Charles ob. Buenos Ayres 7 Aug. 1851 aet. 58. Edwards ob. Lockington, Yorks. 25 Aug. 1861 aet 64. Charlotte ob. London 29 June 1862, aged 59. Elizabeth ob. London 6 Feb., 1875 aet. 75. Lucy ob. London 2 May 18809, aet. 84. N.B. Edwards Atkinson was interred at Singleton and his three sisters in Highgate Cemetery. No, 19. In loving Memory of RALPH HENRY MADDOX, B.D. Rector of this parish from the 26th Nov. 1880 to 14th July, 1905 Who died at Salisbury on the 3rd January, 1907 and was buried in the London Road Cemetery of that City. This memorial is erected by his Widow, Sons and Daughter. No. 20. In loving memory of HEFFORD AINLEY Born January 8th 1824. Died October 9th 1909. No, 21. In loving remembrance of ROBERT HENRY TOLSON. OF OAKLANDS, who died 21st July 1888 Aged 69 years.

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54 KIRKHEATON.

Son of James Tolson of Greenhead Both of this parish This memorial is placed here by his Widow and Sons In testimony of his many gentle virtues and their grief Also Jessy who died 17th of February 1904, aged 52 years Wife of Whiteley Tolson of Oaklands and daughter of William Huntriss, J.P. of Westfield, Halifax. Also Eliza who died 18th of April 1905 aged 80 years Widow of the above Robert Henry Tolson. and daughter of Joseph Whiteley, J.P. of Kirkby Leas, Halifax. Also Charlotte Mary who died 5th March, 1912 aged 50 years Wife of Legh Tolson of Ravenskowle in this parish and daughter of Joseph Thomas of Wood Hall, Shenley, Herts. ““In Manus Tuas Domine.” No. 22. In memory of James Tolson of Greenhead in this parish who died 13th of October 1849 aged 60 years, great-grand-son of John Tolson of Dalton by Dorothy grand daughter of the Rev. Christopher Richardson, M.A. Rector of Kirkheaton 1646-1661. Also of Mary wife of James Tolson and daughter of George Senior of Dalton Lodge, who died the 23rd of January 1838 aged 44 years. Nepos eorum Legh Tolson quum haec Ecclesia renovata esset hanc fenestram faciendam curavit A.D. 1888. This is a Brass under the West window in the Tower. No. 23. TO THE GLORY OF GOD and in PROUD AND LOVING MEMORY OF ROBERT HUNTRISS TOLSON AND JAMES MARTIN TOLSON 2nd Lieut. 15th Battalion West Yorkshire 2nd Lieut: 74th Battalion Royal Field Regiment, born 6th Nov: 1884, served in Artillery Guards’ Div: born 26th March 1898 Egypt 1915 killed in action at the first Battle wounded 1917 gassed 1918 killed in action of the Somme 1st July 1916, buried at Serre in the attack on Solesmes 2oth Oct: 1918 Road Cemetery nr. Hebuterne, France. buried at Quievy in France. Second and youngest Sons of Whiteley Tolson Of Oaklands Dalton in this Parish. No. 24. In loving memory of AGNES ESTHER WATKINSON Wife of Thomas Bond Watkinson of Rawthorpe Hall Died November 2oth 1922 No. 25. In proud and loving memory of HEFFORD WILLIAM ERNEST AINLEY LIEUT. R.F.A who died in the Great War from burns received in Bivouac Fire in France and was interred in the British Cemetery at Puchevillers Born June 26th 1883 Died February 4th 1917 This tablet is placed here by his loving wife and daughter.

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No. 21 (See p. 54).

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No. 22 (See p. 54).

No. 23 (See p. 54).

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MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. 55

No. 26. In loving memory of CHARLES WILLIAM DONALDSON KAYE, H.M.S. “ JUNO” Born 15th July 1888 died roth Feby. 1917. laid to rest in the Cemetery at Muscat, Arabia. Son of Jane Ann Keighley and Stepson of Charles William Keighley.

SEPULCHRAL INSCRIPTIONS ON FLOORS OF CHANCEL AND NAVE BEFORE THE FIRE IN 1886. No, 27. In memory of WILLIAM RAMSDEN of Laneside Kirkheaton who departed this life March 29th 1830 aged 78 years. Also of Betty, wife of the above named William Ramsden, who died Oct. 19th, 1830, in the 83rd year of her age. Also of William son of Joseph and Elizabeth Ramsden, and grandson of the said William and Betty Ramsden. He died July 23rd, 1836, aged 16 years. Also of the above named Joseph Ramsden, who departed this life March 16th 1847, aged 61 years. Also of Elizabeth relict of the above named Joseph Ramsden. She died March 28th 1860 aged 69 years and was interred in the adjacent. ...... Part of the inscription has been ruthlessly destroyed. No, 28. Reliquiae Mortales Amantissimae juxta atque dilectissimae Abigail Conjugis JOHANNIS HOPKINS A.M. Hujus Eccliae Rectoris Hic Loci Conditae hoc 5 Feby. 1823. Necnon et Reverendi Johannis Hopkins A. M. Supradicti qui requievit in Domino Tricesimo Die Martii An etatis suae Quinquagesimo et partae per Christum Salutis 1728 Also beneath this stone were interred the remains of Mr. Richard Turner of Hopton in Mirfield, who departed this life Oct. 9th, 1813, aged 64 years. Translation of the Latin portion of the Inscription: Near to this place lie the mortal remains of the most beloved and most esteemed Abigail, wife of John Hopkins, M.A. Rector of this Church and of the place of burial hereto belonging 5th Feby. 1723. Also of the above mentioned Rev. John Hopkins, M.A., who rested in the Lord on the thirtieth day of March, in the fiftieth year of his age, and in the year of the accomplishment of deliverance through Christ the 1728th.

No. 29. Here are interred the....... JOSEPH WALKER OF..... gent. or April... ..1774 aged 65 years.

Also near this were interred the remains of Joseph Kitson Walker son of the said Joseph Walker, who died in infancy.

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56 KIRKHEATON.

Also John Walker who died December 175.. aged 8 months. .. . . Walker. .... Lascelles Hall. The above was in the floor of the Chancel. Some of the words are wanting on account of the stone being worn and effaced by being trodden upon. See No.7. No. 30. In memory of THOMAS HARRISON Gent. Late of Stubhouse in the parish of Harewood, who departed this life Nov. 24th, 1820 aged 73 years. Also of Ann relict of the above who departed this life Oct. 16th, 1824, aged 66 years.

No. 31. In memory of MARY The wife of Joseph Ramsden of Quarry Hill in Almondbury, who departed this life on the 27th day of November 1830 in the 75th year of her age. Also of the above Joseph Ramsden who departed this life on the 25th day of June 1833, in the 79th year of his age. Severely afflicted, yet where most depressed, Resigned they endured it and all for the best Praised God for his goodness, both present and past And yielded their spirits in peace at the last.

No. 32. Here was interred the body of Joseph Atkinson of Bradley Mills. He dyed Nov. 6th 1772, aged 70 years. Also Joseph Atkinson his grandson who died an infant in November A.D. 1756, Also Elizabeth Atkinson the wife of the above said Joseph Atkinson who died on the 26th day of September, Anno Domini 1791 aged 82 years. Also Susannah Atkinson great-grand- daughter of the above said Joseph and Elizabeth Atkinson, and daughter of Law and Susannah Atkinson, who died on the 28th day of January Anno Domini 1790 aged 10 months. Also Susannah Atkinson the wife of Thomas Atkinson the son of the above mentioned Joseph and Elizabeth Atkinson, who died on the 11th day of February, Anno Domini 1795 aged 50 years. Also Ann Woodhouse who died January 24th 1806, aged 3 years. Also of Ann the daughter of Joseph Atkinson, Jnr. who died March 11th 1806 aged 5 years.

No. 33. Sacred to the memory of Joseph Atkinson of Bradley Mills in this Parish who departed this life the 29th day of November 1807 aged 76 years. Also Ann the daughter of Joseph Atkinson, Jr. who died the roth of January 1807 aged 13 weeks. Also Mary the daughter of Thomas Atkinson, Jr., who died in her infancy. Also the body of Mary his wife who died 22nd July, 1807, aged 19 years. To the memory also of Thomas Atkinson of Moldgreen brother of the above named Joseph Atkinson, and son of Joseph Atkinson mentioned on the adjoining tomb, who departed this life the 1st of October 1813 aged 79 years. Also the remains of Ann Atkinson wife of the late Joseph Atkinson of Bradley Mills who departed this life the 22nd of March 1816 aged 77 years2 2... ee ee eee

daughter of (harles and oh 7 . . . Also of Francis wile of Tr, who died sane August 1820 aged 43 years. Also of Chamberlain Atkinson their son aged 2 days. Also Margaret the wife of Charles Atkinson who died the sixth of September 1822 in the 39th year of her age.

1 Here the inscription is very much detaced but the name is probably either Ellen or Ann,

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MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. 57

No. 34. In memory of James Armitage of Hillside in Kirkheaton who departed this life 1st March 1828. aged 82 years.

BRASS OVER WARDENS PEw. This Church was partially destroyed by Fire on Septuagesima Sunday, February 21st, 1886, and was rebuilt except the Tower and Beaumont Chapel by Voluntary subscriptions from Parishioners and friends and was re-opened on Wednesday, June 20th, 1888 by the Right Reverend Wm. Walsham How, D.D., Lord Bishop of Wake- field. Ralph Henry Maddox B.D., Rector.

Jno. Shaw Ainley I Kirkheston, ) Henry Whiteley Jf I John Hudson 1 fs pton. Ernest W. Hirst S I Thomas Hudson =|. ult ‘ Churchwardens. William Bentley f I George Roberts L Lister Milner Whitley. I

J. W. Cocking, Architect. Under the brass, carved on the back of the present Wardens stalls given by Legh Tolson in 1891, there is the inscription “This is the Churchwardens Seat 1701.” The old oak rail upon which it is incised is from the original Wardens’ Pew, that was formerly in the ‘‘ Dickens Loft” or West Gallery.

INSCRIPTIONS IN THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL.

No. 1. In memory of John Beaumont of Whitley Hall who died the 12th Jany. 1820 aged 67 Also in memory of Sarah Beaumont his wife who died at York the 15th March 1807 aged 50 This small tribute of dutiful affection is placed here by their only surviving child.

No. 2. Memoria Sacrvm Here lyeth interred the Body of Sir Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall in the Countie of Yorke, Knight and Baronet who departed this life the zoth day of October Anno svae 58 Anno Domini 1631, expecting a glorious resurrection at the coming of Christ. Who dying unmarried made Thomas Beaumont, sonn and heir apparent to Richard Beaumont of Kexbrvgh in the Countie of Yorks Esq. one of his executors and heir to his park at Sandal, and to his ancient inheritance in Whitley, South Crosland, Meltham and Lepton, lying in the said Countie, Who having performed ye trust in him reposed, in memory of his worthy kinsman, hath caused this memorial to be erected. Vivet post funera virtus

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58 KIRKHEATON.

No. 3. Here lies the body of Richard Beav-mont of Whitley hall Esq. who married Frances the daughter of Sir William Lowther of Great Preston in York-shire, and had issue by her three sons and two daughters; of whom the least that posterity ought to know is, that his life reflected the lustre of his birth and his vertue repaid the honour he received from his family, for he was a true friend, an useful neighbour, chearful without vanity, searious without formality, wise without cunning, religious without affectation, a sincere member of the Church of England, to whose principles in a most fickle age he livd steddy and died with the decency and resignation of a pius christian March tst 1692. Anno #tatis Suae 38

No. 4. In memory of Richard Henry Beaumont Esq. Born Augt. 5th 1805 Died Feby. 4th 1857 No. 5. A Xx a Positis exuviis Quas sub hoc Marmore condi curavit filius Maerens vitam inchoavere novam Car: Ric: de Bello Monte Rev et Martha uxor ejus Ile iter iniit xi kal: av: as: MDCCCXIIII Annos natus XXXVI Hac praegressum secuta est ipsis kal: dec: as: MDCCCXXVII Ann: nata XLVII “ Thy will be done on earth ”’ Viximus ut vives lector; morieris etipse. Vivimus et vives, non obit id quod abit. Disce mori in nostro qui perlegis ista sepulchro Verba insculpe sinu religiosa tuo. Una salus servire Deo sunt caetera fraudi. Haec fac quae moriens facta fuisse velis.

No. 6.

Near this places lyes interred the body of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall Esq: Grandson of Sir Thomas Beaumont and only son and heir of Richard Beaumont late of the same place Esq: by Francis his wife daughter of Sir William Lowther of Great Preston, Knight. He married Katherine the only daughter of Thomas Stringer of Sharlston Esq: and died 27th June 1704 without issue. She afterwards was married to the Right Hon: Thomas Earl of Westmorland, who after her death, which happened on the 4th Feby; 1729-30, by the direction of her last Will hath caused this monument to be made and put up for the said Richard Beaumont Esq: her first husband. Anno 1731. No. 7. Come ye blessed children of my father receive the Kingdom prepared for you. In memory of Charlotte McCumming eldest daughter of Jno: Beaumont Esq: of Whitley Hall; she died on the 16th August 1815 aged 36 years. Also of Sarah Elizabeth McCumming, who died on the 2nd Feby. 1815 aged 6 years. O Lord! Thy will be done in earth as it is in Heaven For the trumpet shall sound and the dead shall be raised incorruptible.

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Nos. 6 and 7.

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MURAL INSCRIPTIONS. 59

No. 8.

Memoriae Sacrvm . Here lyeth Adam Beav-mont Esq: heire apparent of Whitla, Sovth Crosland, Meltam, Leptons, Heaton and Myrfield, who marryed Elizabeth ye daughter of Ralph Ashton of Midleton in ye county of Lancaster Esq: by whome hee had one son and two davghters (viz.) Richard, Elizabeth and Anne. Hee dyed in ye Lord 17 Nov 1655 and of his age 25. They bee but live not, who doe live in sinne Thus many when they end, are to beginne, If life bee measur’d by it’s goodness then, Thovgh but a-while hee was; hee lived longe. Ricardus Henricus Beaumont; Armiger Obiit 22nd D. Nov. A.D. 1810 fEtatis suae 62 Joannes Beaumont; Armigera Obit 12 mo die Januarn 1820 67 No. 9.

Here lieth the Body of Susanna the Relict of Richard Beaumont Esq: late of Whitley Hall, by whom she had four sons and eleven daughters. She was one of ye daughters and coheiresses of Thomas Horton Esq: of Barkisland-Hall and died ye roth of January 1730 in ye 48th year of her age.

HATCHMENTS ATTACHED TO THE CEILING OF THE BEAUMONT CHAPEL.

I. Hatchment all black, without Motto orCrest. Arms, Gu: alionramp.arg: langued and armed, az. within an orle of nine crescents of the second, for Beaumont; over all on an inescutcheon arg: on a bend engr: sa three fluers de lis of the field for Holt. II. Hatchment black throughout. Arms, Quarterly ist and 4th gu: a lion ramp: arg: langued and armed az. within an orle of eight crescents of the second for Beaumont of Whitley: 2nd and 3rd arg: ona bend engr: sa: three fluers de lis of the field for Holt of Little Mitton. Beaumont Crest: A bull’s head erased quarterly arg: and gu: Mantled. Motto: Fide vide sed cui. III. Dexter side of lozenge black, sinister white. Arms, Gu: a lion ramp: arg: langued and armed az. within an orle of eight crescents of the second for Beaumont; impaling arg: ona chev: az: three bezants or, between as many quatrefoils party per fesse and pale gu: and vert for Wiggens. Beaumont Crest: Mantled. Motto: Fide sed cui vide. IV. Lozenge all black. Arms like the second Hatchment except in form of shield Mantled, and with Beaumont Crest and Motto. Formerly they were some other Hatchments in the Chapel in a more or less dilapidated condition, but they have been removed and only these four now remain.

CHAPTER XIII.

THE FIRE IN 1886.

N Septuagesima Sunday, 21st February, 1886, a serious fire occurred in the () Church. In order to warm the Chancel and Beaumont Chapel by the “ Grundy Hot Air Apparatus ” fixed near the Belfry in 1872, it was necessary to stoke hard and raise the temperature of the flues at the North West end of the Nave to furnace heat. At Morning Service the Sunday School children who sat under the North and West Galleries, immediately over the stove and channel where the hot air

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MEMORIA. SACRVM. HERB EYETH ADAM BEAV-:-MONT peak cay AFAREN OF WHITLA., SOVTH: CROSLAND; MEL: TAM, LEPTONS HEATON & MYRFEILD, WHO MAR: RYED pA ere I Dae ic aes) OF RALPH ASHTON I OF MIDLETON IN Y COVNTY OF LANCASTER ESQ BY WHOME HER HAD ONE SON ¥ TWO DAVGHERS ee oes ABETH & ANSH HER DYED ON ato hoa [os Ce a se ec ee al

THEY BEE BYT LIVE NOT, WHO DOE LIVE 5 “THVS MANY WHEN THEY END, ARE TO BEGUSHE? LIFE BEE MEASVYAD BY ITS GOODNESS pus Sad THOVGH BVT Ac WRILE BEE WAS: HEE LIVED.LONCE.

KIRKHEATON W. YORKS ADAM BEAUMONT, ESQ. 1685, AND WIFE ELIZABETH.

No. 8 (See p. 59). BRASS ON FLOOR OF CHAPEL.

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60 KIRKHEATON.

entered the Church, found the floor of the pews so warm that they could not bear their feet upon it, and they sat with their legs huddled up on the old oak seats, with per- spiration in drops on their faces, but, as they, poor boys and girls, had often previously complained of a similar roasting, without being heeded, no one seems to have taken any notice of the circumstance and the crackling of the smouldering joists and timbers was mistaken by those in charge of the scholars for the mischief of some restless lad, beguiling himself and his neighbours by playing with matches, several heads being rapped in consequence. By the time the service was over a smell of burning had found its way into the Church, and a search was made for the cause but those who conducted it, perhaps remembering that their Sunday dinners were surely spoiling, too hastily concluded that all was well, locked the doors and hied away to their houses. Hardly were they out of sight when smoke was seen to be issuing from the West window of the 1664 North Aisle, and, in an incredibly short time, a scene of the utmost confusion arose. Men, women, and children ran helter skelter down the neighbouring lanes and footpaths, with pails, buckets, cans and aught else capable of holding water. The Huddersfield Fire Engine was sent for, and a stand pipe and hose were procured from Ainley and Sons’ Factory, and gallantly attached to the Corporation watermain, the officials of the Church acting as amateur firemen. They broke through doors and windows, drenched themselves and many of the unwary spectators through and through with water in their misdirected energies, and at length succeeded in staying and finally extinguishing the flames but alas, not before great and irrevocable damage had beendone. Part of the West Gallery or “ Dickens Loft,’ as it was still called had fallen down, the Royal Arms of Queene Anne dated 1702, which hung on the front of this gallery, were charred and burnt beyond recognition, the pews, so stiff, straight backed and hard to sit upon, and lately occupied by the liquifying scholars were in ashes, the walls, ceiling, tablets, organ,’ pulpit, and desk, were all as black as soot and smoke could make them, the blinds, carpets, cushions and hassocks were scorched, burnt, and dripping, the floors of the Nave, Chancel and Beaumont Chapel were deluged with water, and the windows broken and shattered. The Clergy and Wardens talked excitedly each surrounded by a group of vociferating parishioners, the Constables who guarded the wreckage, relaxed their dignity, and grew loquacious with the crowd they kept at bay; the whole scene made as strange and comical a sight as one might live a life time and not see again, in spite of the sad- ness for what had been destroyed. The Church was insured for £2600, but only £850 was received for the damage done. Instead of repairing the incongruous production of 1823, it was decided to take down the Chancel, Nave, and what remained of the North Aisle, and North and West Galleries, replacing them with a new Chancel, Chancel Arch, Nave with Clerestory, North and South Aisles with two rows of pillars and arches, new Vestry, and Organ Chamber, and to open out the old arch into the Tower, forming the Church of to-day, in which nothing of the old and original building remains, but the Tower and Chantry of the ‘‘ Blessed Mary,” now the Beaumont Chapel. “Sic transit gloria Ecclesia.” The reconstruction was carried out at a cost of £7122, which, with the exception of the amount received from the Insurance Company, was raised by subscription.

1 The organ was spoilt, some of the pipes were melted by the intense heat.

Page 137

WEST END KIRKHEATON CHURCH AFTER FIRE IN 1886.

Page 138

The Sawa A Matron gray.

Hhen near_ven salem antique Jew fo Marys Greve shall (pound the bay

And urge the VOURG ber torre

Page 139

EPITAPHS, GATES, STOCKS, &c. 61

There are said to have been two previous small fires at Kirkheaton Church, one in 1850 or 1855 already mentioned, but there is no record of the date of the other.

CHAPTER XIV.

THE CHURCH-YARD EPITAPHS, GATES, STOCKS, CUCKING-STOOL.

N keeping with Blair’s Ode the older portion of the Graveyard of Kirkheaton was formerly surrounded with Elms, some of which still remain :—

“ Long lashed by the rude winds, some rift half down their hoary trunks; Others so thin a top, that scarce two crows could lodge in the same tree.”

and in harmony with Grey’s Elegy also it had its ancient Yew :—

“ Beneath those rugged Elms, that Yew tree’s shade, Where heaves the turf in many a mould’ring heap, Each in his narrow cell for ever laid, The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.”

Dr. Whitaker in his Loidis and Elmete, p. 337, published a century ago in 1816, describes this Kirkheaton Yew as, “a gigantic tree measuring 20 feet 9 inches in circumference above the graines, supposed to be coeval with the Church, and can scarcely have attained to such magnitude in less than 600 years,’”’ It is also mentioned in the History of Lofthouse as follows:—‘“ In the Church Yard at Kirk- heaton there are the remains of a Yew tree, supposed to be 800 years old. Tradition says the Church was built to the tree, not the tree planted to the Church. This ancient relic which is blackened and hollowed by storms, and rudely marked all round with initials and dates, put forth green branches till about 1865-8.” In its prime it must indeed have been a beautiful tree and who knows that a bow used at Crecy or Agincourt, may not have been made from this Yew.

“The warlike Yew by which, more than the lance, The strong armed English bowmen conquered France.”

““ Thou ancient Yew! whose myriad leaves once loud With sounds of unintelligible speech, Sounds as of surges on a shingly beach, Or multitudinous murmurs of a crowd With some mysterious gifts of tongues endowed, Thou spakest in a different theme to each, To me thy story would have been to teach Of a past age, long vanished like a cloud.”

How aptly Dickens has described a country graveyard such as Kirkheaton:— “‘ Some of the dreamless sleepers lie close within the shadow of the Church—touching the walls as if they clung to it for comfort and protection. Others have chosen to lie beneath the changing shade of trees, others by the path, that footsteps might come near them. Some have wished to rest where the setting sun might shine upon their beds, some where its light would fall upon them when it rose.”

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62 KIRKHEATON.

And how beautifully Longfellow has expressed the repose of the Dead in his “ Daybreak.”

A breeze came softly o’er the lea, And said, ‘“‘ O mists, make room for me.” It hurried onwards far away, Crying ‘‘ Awake, it is the day.” It whispered to the fields of corn, “ Bow down and hail the coming morn! ” It shouted through the Belfry-tower “ Awake, O bell! proclaim the hour!” It crossed the Church-yard with a sigh, And said, “‘ Not yet! in quiet lie!”

In the Vestry Minute Book for 1828 there is a memorandum that the land for the enlargement of the Church Yard, No. 2 on the plan, cost £60, and compensation for water rights belonging to the Beaumonts Arms or Kirkstile Inn, contaminated and diverted, together with Mr. Turner’s solicitor’s charges for conveyance, etc. :— amounted to {55 1s. 2d. The total cost excluding draining, fencing, and laying out the ground, seems to have been about £350. It is exceptional in any Church Yard to find inscriptions dating back into the XVIth century; the wooden cross or panel, painted or incised, so generally used in the days of old, was prone to decay, and many of the stone memorials of later times, have also crumbled and perished, during the years that have gathered over them, and their broken fragments have been scattered and cast away by succeeding Sextons, the posterity of those who lay below, being either extinct or indifferent to the obliteration of the resting places of their forefathers. Even the later epitaphs are often indecipherable. Push aside the weeds and moss that hide the almost speech- less stones, and you will find the voice has been choked out of them by wind, and rain, and frost; a few stray letters are all they can utter—a last mournful and stammering protest against oblivion. Kirkheaton is typical of the above, for, although it has been a place of burial far away into remote ages, probably the oldest existing gravestone is that of John Horsfall who died in 1624. He was a tanner of Boyfe Hall, Kirkheaton, and with other bequests to relatives, friends and servants, he left £5 to the Poor of Kirkheaton, by his Will requesting John Ramsden of Lascelles Hall, Alexander Stock, Parson of Kirkheaton, and Joseph Stock, Master of Arts, son of said Alexander, to invest this legacy inland. All trace of this Charity has disappeared. Of the thousands who are buried around the Church, perhaps the names of none of them appear in that chronicle of the learned and famous, the Dictionary of National Biography, but one or two of the facetious, tragic, and pathetic inscriptions may be mentioned. On the headstone of Richard Lodge, Parish Clerk, who died in 1786, there is the oft repeated rhyme: “ Farewell vain world, I’ve had enough of thee, And now I’m careless what thou sayest of me,

Thy smiles I court not, nor thy frowns I fear, My days are spent, my bones lie quiet here.”

Page 141

PLAN OF KIRKHEATON CHURCH GRAVE YARD which has an area of 32 acres.

1907 Ordnance Survey.

V. The Wedding Gate. VI. The Dead-man's Gate.

1. Boundaries of old Yard.

II. Addition in 1824. III. do. 1858. VII. Site of ancient Yew. IIIa. Formerly planted with trees and shrubs, VIII. Site of Stocks, the upper half of which is pre- served in the West end of North Aisle.

but now part of Yard. IV. Last and final addition. Footpaths serra

Page 143

EPITAPHS, GATES, STOCKS, Gc. 63

The thrice told story of the Blacksmith is to be read on the grave of Nathaniel Stringer, who died in 1799. “My hammer.and my stithy lay declined, My bellows too, have lost their wind, My fire extinguished, forge decayed, And in the dust my vice is layd, My coal is spent, my iron’s gone, The last nails driven, my work is done.” At least three Peninsular and Waterloo veterans lie all undistinguished midst

the grass grown mounds. Wm. Broadbent, an Artilleryman, who lost a limb at Salamanca, and returned

home with a “ pegleg’”’ and a pension. Stephen Cliffe, of the Lifeguards, who, when drawn into conversation as to his martial days, would relate how two horses were shot under him, and wax warm as

to a bullet wound received at Waterloo. Timothy Sheard, who would have led his hearers to imagine that he had been the proverbial first man on the field of Waterloo, and the last to leave it. Forgotten heroes! How peacefully they rest in the old Church yard.

““O blessed peace To thy soft arms through death itself we flee, Battles, and fields, and camps and victory, Are but the rugged steps that lead to thee.”

On the graves of another Broadbent family it is recorded that two of its members were buried in America—one in 1849, was laid to rest in a Cedar Grove in the Western Forests of Kentucky, Lat. 36° 30’ North, Long. 87° 40’ West; the other on a high hill in a Prairie near the Neosho river, Kansas, in 1856. The following lines are not on the stone, but might well be added:

“There is no name, no mark, no sign To tell who lies below, The tall rank grass where daisies shine, And pale primroses blow. Yet mournfully the lindens wave, And sunbeams gently play, As if within that nameless grave, An exiled monarch lay. Though it may be that alien earth, Entombs his lifeless clay, Far from the land that gave him birth, He rests in peace to-day; Did friends around his death-bed watch And wait his latest sigh, With parted lips as if to catch, His lingering fond ‘‘ Good-bye.” Or did he die a traveller lone, With none to pray and weep With none to hear his dying moan, Or close his eyes in sleep, We only know he sleeps below, The daisies and the grass,

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64 KIRKHEATON.

Where ever tenderly and slow, The lingering sunbeams pass.” Perhaps the saddest memorial is that to seventeen children who were burnt to death in Coln Bridge Factory in 1818, on which is the following verse: “ Stranger, if e’er a mother’s tender fears, Have watched thy steps from dawn to riper years, If e’er soft pity for another’s woe, Has swelled thy breast and caused a tear to flow, O then will nature speak in accents mild, A parent’s anguish for a suffering child, Then will a sigh escape the pensive head, A passing tribute to the untimely dead.”

Before the Grave-yard was enlarged there were only two entrances to the precincts of the Church; one of these to the East, has always been and is still called the ‘‘ Wedding Gate,” and the other to the South, the ‘‘ Deadman’s Gate’’; all weddings pass through the former, and all funerals through the latter. In spite of additions and alterations to the Burial-ground, this custom is yet, and ever has been rigidly adhered to, so that the joyous feet of the bride do not tread the same walk as the sorrowful ones of the mourner. Some fifty or sixty years ago the Parish Stocks were still im stu, near to the ““Deadman’s of the Churchyard; they were made with four holes so as to receive the legs of two delinquents at the same time. The Magistrates Court used to sit at the Kirkstile Inn, in the Squire’s Room, a name which it still retains, so, offenders condemned to punishment were not far from the place of their detention." The last time they were used at Kirkheaton was about 1836, and a portion of the woodwork is still preserved in the Church. The Stocks were a very ancient form of correction, and, in the time of Edward III, 1376, the King was petitioned to establish them in every village. Shakespeare has the lines :— “ Like silly beggars, Who, sitting in the stocks, refuge their shame That many have, and others must, sit there.” In 1606 it was enacted that every person convicted of drunkenness should be fined Vs., or spend six hours in the Stocks. Kirkheaton also had its Cucking-stool and Pinfold. Readers of Boswell’s “Life of Johnson” will remember the burly old Doctor’s remark, “ We have various modes of restraining evil, Stocks for men, a Ducking-stool for women, and a Pinfold for beasts.”” The Tumbrel like Cuck-stool had a chair on a pair of wheels, with long shafts, and was used to punish scolding women, who were securely tied to the seat; on being wheeled into a pond and suddenly tilted up the occupant was plunged into the water, the shafts being recovered by means of ropes attached to them.

1 In the Constables Account from 1777-8 there are the following items:—

“Serving Warrant on Richard Walker for hauling boats on Sunday .. oo 4 Journey to Ripponden for Justice Horton’s orders about him 020 Fetching him and setting him in the Stocks and attending him for — hours ” o o 8 In the Churchwardens account book for 1800 there is a memorandum appointing Sike Sykes a as Constable for

Kirkheaton, who with other duties, was ‘‘ to attend upon the Justices at the Church Stile Inn.”

Page 145

MONUMENT IN KIRKHEATON CHURCHYARD IN MEMORY OF THE CHILDREN, WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE FIRE. AT COLNE BRIDGE FACTORY.

Page 146

THE STOCKS.

THE CUCKING-STOOL

Page 147

EPITAPHS, GATES, STOCKS, e. 65

“ There stands, my friend, by yonder pool, An engine called the Cucking-stool. If jarring females kindle strife, Give language foul, or lug the coif, Away you cry, you'll grace the Stool, We'll teach you how your tongue to rule. Down in the deep the seat descends, But here at first we miss our ends, She mounts again and rages more Than ever vixen did before. If so, my friend, pray let her take Another dip into the lake.”

The Cucking-stool has long since vanished, but the name of the site of the Ducking-pond remains, though it has now been drained away and is still marked “ Cuckstool ” on the Ordnance maps. The following items appear in the Constable’s Accounts:

1743. Ducking-stool mending 1752. Pinfold mending 1772. For Swearing in Pindar 1772. Ducking pond cleaning and Pinfold door 1775. Cuck-stool pond dressing 1777. Mending Pinfold door and seat fie Stocks 1786. Will. Hill, half year’s wages for being Pindar 1787. Cleaning Cuck-stool wheels. . ws

= HAN DN O OF

CHAPTER XV.

THE CHURCH HOUSE.

STORY might be woven as to the proximity of the Village Inn to the Church, which is so often to beseen. The Church-house and Church-ale were institutions and customs, dating according to Stubbs, back to the days of King John in the XIlthcentury. Church-ale a collection of malt was made from the parishioners, “ and whatever provisions it pleaseth them to bestow,” which were employed in brew- ing and baking against Whitsuntide or other festival, when the neighbourhood met at the Church-house and there merrily fed on their own victuals, and purchased the ale, the profits on which were devoted to Church expenses. The Church-house was also used by those coming from a distance, in which to rest, keep warm, and eat their food, between the Sunday services. The place would be in the care of some minor official of the Church, who, as time ran on would, there is little doubt, change his calling to that of ‘‘ Mine Host,” and could the source of the “ Kirkstile Inn,” hard by the Church at Kirkheaton be traced, it would be probably found to have originated in the old ‘‘ Church-house.”

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66 KIRKHEATON.

Kirkheaton, like many other old parishes formerly had its “‘ Common Stable,” for the convenience of those riding pillion, or otherwise to Church. In the Vestry Minute Book there is the following entry:—

** y2th Feby. 1846. Resolved that the building known as the Common Stable situate at the Kirkstile is and has been during the last 15 or 20 years utterly useless for the purposes for which it was originally intended, that being as it is a harbour for the idle, the mischievous and the disolute, it is a public nuisance and a disgrace to the neighbourhood. This Meeting therefore authorizes the Churchwardens to sell and dispose of the said building and site thereof and the proceeds of such sale to be appropriated to the general purposes of the Church expenditure.”

CHAPTER XVI.

THE SCHOOL.

HE first School at Kirkheaton of which we have any definite account seems to T have been built towards the end of the XVIth or early in the XVII centuries, in the doughty days of Queen Elizabeth, soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, or in the time of the first Stuart King. Although its story before that time can- not be traced, probably in some form it existed at an earlier period, for the inceptions of these old schools tend to recede further and further back into the past as we seek for them. It is suspected that prior to the Dissolution of the Chantry of the ‘“ Blessed Mary,” at Kirkheaton, the instruction of the children of the parish was one of the duties of the Chantry priest. The Certificate of the Commissioners of Edward VIth relating to Kirkheaton, says there was a house and a parcel of land there, but no Chantry Incumbent. We know, however, from the Will of Thomas Wood of Heaton dated 1543, that there was such a priest at that time for he bequeaths to “ Sir Thomas Wilson, Ladie Priest XIId.”” In 1549 the Crown granted to Sir Edward Warner, Kt., Sylvester Leigh and Leonard Bate, ‘‘ Ac totum illud messuagium super Cantarize foundate in Ecclesia de This can hardly be unassociated with the place about a furlong to the North of the Church, which still retains the name of St. Mary’s, a plot of ground and cottages, the boundaries of which until recently contained the decaying remains of many ancient Yews. Nothing is authentically known of its origin, but the name suggests something more important than its present humble appearance. Romance might weave round the site some association with the Hospitallers, Templars, or Monks of Fountains, all of whom at one time held lands in the but perhaps the most probable explanation is to be found in the Chantry Surveys of Yorkshire, which contain the Certificate given below.

The Service or Perpetuall Stipende in ye Paroch of Kyrkheton. There is none Incumbent in ye same, nor foundation thereof, but one parcell of grounde improved by ye parochians ther, with th’ assent of ye Lorde of th’ wayst, and by the saide parochians one house buylded upon the same and rented as XITIs. IIIId., which sum and other ther devocian is payd yerlie to ye main- tenaunce of ye said Service.’”?

1 See Inventory of Deeds relating to the Hospitallers at York. Vol.49, p.228; Yorks. Arch. Soc. Journal, Vol. XII, p. 294. Chartulary of Fountains. 2 See Surtees Soc., Vol. 02, p. 317.

Page 149

#

LCR fg. doow sake mu to nes

Page 150

THE SCHOOL. 67

The following deed may also refer to St. Mary’s:—

“Quitclaim by Alice, daughter of Henry, clerici de Heton, late wife of Wm. de Hopton, to Sir John de Hopton, chaplain, and his successors celebrating divine service in honour of St. Mary in Kyrkheton Church of all her right in an acre of land and meadow in Heton

8th May 1369.” The property is now part of the Nettleton Charity, in which unfortunately Kirkheaton does not participate, and on one of the houses there is the inscription:

THIS PROPERTY WAS GIVEN TO THE POOR BELONGING TO ALMONDBURY ON THE 20TH DAY OF MAY A.D. 1603. BY ROBERT NETTLETON, ESQ. REBUILT 1831.

This little estate is always spoken of locally as belonging to the Maids of Almond- bury on account of part of the funds being formerly given to newly married couples who were qualified to receive the benefits of the bequest by having lived together for a year without having any family. How familiar an old School House in some place or other, is to us all. And through the mists of gathering years we can in imagination see the picture which has been so well described by Hood :— ““°Twas in the prime of summer time, An evening calm and cool, When four-and-twenty happy boys Came bounding out of School, There were some that ran and some that leapt, Like troutlets in a pool.” So long ago as 150 years in addition to the Grammar School there was a Boarding Academy for boys at Kirkheaton which was apparently established by the Rev. John Sunderland, Curate there in 1775-1815. This was conducted first at Daw Knowle, Kirkheaton, and afterwards removed to the Rectory, on the death of the Rev. John Burton in 1785, whose successor, the Rev. John Smithson, was non-resident. Mr. Sunderland resigned the curacy in 1815 and for five years there is no record of this Academy, but in 1820 the Rev. Hy. Harrison, Domestic Chaplain to Lord Grantley, was licensed to Kirkheaton, and the Boarding School was continued by him until 1826, when he was succeeded by the Rev. Wm. Kettlewell as Curate, and the Academy flourished under him until 1836, when, after a period of 60 years it ceased to exist. Schoolmasters who have long since answered to their names, and obeyed the

final call.

1See Yorks. Arch. Soc., Journal, Vol. XII, p. 256.

Page 151

CHAPTER XVII.

THE RECTORY.

BOUT 1729 the old Rectory which was situated in the North Eastern corner of A one of the Glebe fields called the Kitchen Ing, and close to the Kirkstile Inn, was pulled down and the present Rectory was built by the Rev. Thomas Clarke. It is said that Mr. Beaumont of Whitley advanced £800 for this purpose and in return received a lease of part of the Corn Tithes of Lepton. The Rev. Christopher Alderson made internal alterations and additions to the house in 1838, built the present stables and enlarged the grounds and gardens. The following inscription is incised on a stone over the main entrance door. “ Thomas Clarke Anno MDCCXXIX. Non C. Alderson renovit. MDCCCXXXVIII. . .”

CHAPTER XVIII.

PATRONS OF THE RECTORY OF KIRKHEATON.

HE Patronage of the Rectory for some 450 years remained in the hands of the several families descending from Adam fitz Swein fitz Alric, one of the most important persons of his time, who founded the Priory of Monk Bretton and the Churches of Peniston, Royston and Felkirk. He is believed to have died about 1158, leaving two daughters, Matilda and Mabel, and between their successors the Patronage of Kirkheaton alternated.

Matilda married rst Adam Montbegon Mabel married Wm. de Nevile and Lord of Hornby, and 2nd John Malherb; had a daughter Sarra, who mar. Thos. by the latter she had a daughter, (x) de Burgh. They had a son or Clementia, who inherited Hornby and — grandson Thos. (2) whose guardians married Sir Eudo de Longvilliers, and Presented to Kirkheaton in 1245. His their great-granddaughter Margaret de grandson Sir Thos. (3) Presented in Longvilliers married Galfred de Nevile, 1282 and again in 1320. His son Sir brother of Robt. de Nevile of Raby, John (1) Presented in 1362. His son carrying Hornby toherhusband. They Sir John (2) hada grandson Thos. (4) had an eldest son, Sir John, whose — who died without issue, when the male son, also John, presented in 1293, and line of the De Burghs ended. The

68

Page 152

THE SECOND RECTORY—South East View.

Page 153

THE RECTORY AS AT PRESENT—South West View.

Page 154

Ha dng Ha ae Cinna Cis

NA oS Lew of YS ad Les, Mease’ Fewest

I 3 g = h. i 3 ee = He teach by Res Mi cision ak HAP i i 8 1 habk a fi teagan: I pr omens . s x 3 3 q ss pas = 4 aed a i > = 6 Ahi $ ea i Be ¥ Gash i i x“ Erb athe A, fares ; i = 1 tow ' i ! ast i ”

"Diu pike of

2 a is ne Recor Ll ate boos i : hen

Yok deg drew

PLANS OF KIRKHEATON RECTORIES.

Page 155

Jon Mathesd who died circa vacate,

Clete Bao de Longton

I Galfred de Neville=Margaret de Longvilliers. Ing: post mortem, 128:

Buizabeth of Margaret Nevo Sr Win, Harrington whe covbei, carried Homby to er I Presented to ‘husband. jm

Hartington of Horaby-=Elizabeth dau. of wounded “at battle of I Thos Lord Wakesela ‘in 1460.

st Joun I Harrington Maud, ea ae sn 60.

1 Ed. Stanley, Lord ‘Ann Harrington: yy

John Stanley ot ‘Honford.

1 ‘Thos, and Lord Monteagle=. . - ‘who died, 1560.

3h and last Lord In 3576 “We ‘Kiskby and Readinan Presented apparently on the Right of Lord Monteag!

ant! Pate, La aor and Mont fae yi a ena oe J set Morey Claimed the Henin od trad he teat as awarded on beball Crown,

About 1695 the of the last Lord Morley and Mont- ‘their moiety of Kirkheaton Advowson to Capt. Rd. Beaumont of Lascles Halland a Commission found that Beat Beaumont of the Tuca abi he Presented in that lo Was eae at old this inoiety to S Matthew Wentworth.

st Elizabeth Beaumont of ‘Whitley Hall

DESCENT OF THE?! PATRONAGE OF KIRKHEATON CHURCH.

Kin amplify this, burt it proves the was in exxistence at that date.

Robt. ‘de! Nevile who inheritited=. . rom hs La 134667 : sai ce

Jon Soot who 396-7 ranted the of the Advowson fo John de Alice Se" Drontid and John de ‘Drousield, who Re ae

‘S* James Harrington who Presented= 1477. Attainted after battle of Bosworth in 1485.

John Harrington said to have have been poisoned, 1510. isp.

In 1511 King Henry VIII Presented to Rirkheatou on’ account of the ‘Ruainter of & Jat Harcington,

Jn (apparetly Lord Monteag’s turn) the I Presentation, was by Ralph’ Shaw by” grant Foljamb and others in the time of Queen Mary aad during the vacilating changes in the form of Religion, Weare unable to explain this transaction, nor has any record been of the next Presentation in 1558.

Jo Saphen and Hey Harsngton convered a oy of te Advowson of Kickheaton they were evidently descendants of the famous Harrington fami invghich they rained an interest inthe Advowon after the Attainter of Harrington is

‘The Presentation of 146 was by Parliament, ty 1661-2 $1 Lindl Pl but we ‘now a whose Right he acted: fifty years before this date 2a "We “aotety to. Se "Wentworths.

ton Presented, rhot Waterton

In u67oct there was as to,the Presentation and the appointment was made by the Crown’ by reasot of =

+ =Thomas (2) de Burgh.

(2) de Burgh. I tn rags, the Guardians of the de pe to Rirkheatom

1 'S* Thos. (3) de Burgh who Presented to, Kitkheaton in 1282 and 1320.

(@)& Jona de Burgh who Presented in ae i

John be Bure

‘Elizabeth dau: Nicholas Worsley.

I

(0.8 Bagh

Joan de Burgh=$* Wm, Assenhull who Presented in 1430.

Thos. () de Burgh ee

Rich! Waterton of Walton=Constince heiress of SF John de Burgh.

Robt, Waterton of Walton Agnes du, SF Guy

$* John Waterton, Presented Elizabeth dau, of St John to Kirkheaton 1479 of

i Robert Waterton of Walton:

jary dau. of John Langton.

I SF Robert Waterton wha. granted Muriel, dau, of John Leeks, Presentation of 1552 to S* Richard I ister.

SF Tho Jou da SRY Tempe

‘onls Waterton Beatrix, dau, Edward Fess igen ptr

Thomas I Mary dan. SF John

1 ‘Thor Waterton of Walton Hall, b. 585, 641. Sold is moiety of ‘Advowson of Kirkheaton to Matthew and George Wentworth in 16x.

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PATRONS OF THE RECTORY OF KIRKHEATON. 69

on the latter’s death without issue, Hornby passed to his uncle Robt. (rz) Nevile. (See Surtees Vol. 123, p. 124, and Harrison’s Hist. Yorks., p. 445.) This Robt. had a son Sr. Robt. (2), who according to a Fine in Y.AS. Record, Vol. 42, p. 188, sold the Advow- son in 1346 to Sr. Wm. Scott who married his sister Alice, and I0 years later John, son of Sr. Wm. Scott gave the Advowson to John de Thornhill, Agnes de Dronsfeld and John de Dronsfeld. (See Agbrigg Notes). It is probable that John de Thornhill and the Dronsfelds were the Pre- senters circa 1345-62. Probably this transfer by Sr. Robert (2) was for only one turn, for the Advowson was again held by his son Sr. Robt. (3) who Pre- sented in 1380. Robert (3) had a daughter Margaret upon whom Hornby and the Advowson of Kirkheaton event- ually devolved. She married Sr. Wm. Harrington of Brierley in the parish of Felkirk, co. York. Sr. Wm. presented in 1439-40. Sr. Wm. was a famous warrior and carried the Royal Standard at the battle of Agincourt; his son Sr. Thos. was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 19th Henry VI; he drew his sword for the Yorkist cause and the battle of Wakefield in 1460 was a disastrous day for the house of Harring- ton; Sr. Thos. was so severely wounded that he died the next morning and his eldest son Sr. John was slain on the field. Sr. John left two daughters, both young when their father and grandfather fell at Wakefield, and their Uncle, Sr. James Harrington, assumed their guardianship and he Presented to Kirkheaton in 1477. His wardship was said to be an encroach- ment on the rights of the Crown and Lord Thos. Stanley was appointed in his

Advowson of Kirkheaton was inherited by Thomas’ (4) sister Joan; who married Sir Wm. Assenhull who Presented in 1430. Their dau. Constance married Richard Waterton of Walton whose grandson of Sir John Waterton, Pre- sented in 1479. His grandson Sir Robt. granted the 1552 Presentation to Sir Richard Lister. On the death of Wm. Woode in 1551-2 a Commission was held in Kirkheaton Ch. to adjudicate as to the right to the. next Presentation between Thos. Stan- ley, Lord Monteagle, Sr. Thos. Water- ton, and Richard Beaumont.! James Todde, clerk, claimed the Rectory on the Presentation of Richard Beaumont, but renounced the title made to him by Beau- mont and put himself on the right of Sir Richard Lister by grant of Sr. Robt. Wat- erton (father of Sr. Thomas Waterton). John Pullen, clerk, also claimed the Rec tory. The Commission found that Lord Monteagle and Sr. Thos. Waterton were the true Patrons in alternate turns, that King Henry VIII last Presented by reason of the attainter of Sr. Jas. Har- rington (whose moiety of the Rectory was now claimed by Lord Monteagle). They decided that Sr. Richd. Lister ought to Present for this turn and that Jas. Todde now Presented by Lister is an honourable man and worthy of the Benefice. (See Register of Archbishops, Holgate and Heath, fo. 48.) This was on 16th Nov., 1552, but for some unex- plained reason Jas. Todde was not admitted to the Living. Seven weeks later on 4th Jan., 1552 (old style) John Rayner was Instituted on the Presen- tation of the same Patron, Rd. Lister. In 1560-1 John Rudiard and Alexander Savage had a moiety of the Advowson conveyed to them by Thos. Waterton

1 Richard Beaumont no doubt claimed the Presentation in right of his wife, widow of John Stanley, and

younger daughter and co-heir of Sir John Harrington.

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stead. Sr. James was attainted for his adherence to the House of York on the accession of Henry VII after the battle of Bosworth. Lord Stanley soon found husbands for his wealthy wards, the daughters of Sr. John Harrington; Anntheeldest married Edward Stanley, Lord Monteagle, and Elizabeth the younger married 1st John Stanley of Honford and 2nd Richd. Beaumont of Whitley Hall. In 1511, King Henry VIII Presented “ by reason of the attainter of Sr. Jas. Harrington for High Treason.” In 1554, the Presentation (apparently Lord Monteagle’s turn) was by “ Dom- inus Ralph Shaw, clerk, the Patron for this time by grant of Roger Foljambe, jointly and severally with Sr. John Savage, junior, Geoffrey Foljambe, Guy Wyllethorpe and Thos. Rudyer.” This was in the temp. of Queen Mary and during the vacillating changesintheform of religion. We are transaction. No record of the next Presentation which took place in 1558-9 has been found. In 1576 Robt. Gibson was Presented by Wm. Kirkby and Rd. Readman! on right of Lord Monteagle. In 1572 Stephen and Henry Harring- ton conveyed the moiety of the Advow- son of Kirkheaton to Queen Elizabeth. (See Y.A.S. Record, Vol. V, p. 19.)

unable to explain this

and Beatrix his wife. Record Vol. II, p. 243.) In 1566 this moiety appears to have been again in the possession of the Watertons, and Thos. Waterson Pre- sented to Kirkheaton in that year. In 1588, Thos. Pylkington Presented on grant in 1585 by Thos. Waterton. In 1611, Thos. Waterton and Alice his wife sold their moiety of the Advow- son of Kirkheaton to Matthew Went- worth and Geo. Wentworth his son. (See Y.A.S. Record, Vol. LIII, p. 153.) Writing in 1839, Chas. Waterton of Walton Hall said:—‘‘ No doubt we must have possessed papers relative to the Advowson of Kirkheaton, but where they are it is impossible for me to say. We were repeatedly plundered by the Government for adhering to the Stuarts, and sometime about the year 1715 a large chest of most valuable family records was sent for safety to a niegh- bouring friend. He acted the part of a traitor and kept possession of the chest.” Walker’s “‘ Sufferings of the Clergy ” says that Richd. Sykes was dispossessed of the Rectory of Kirkheaton for loyalty to the Established Church during the Civil War. In 1646 Christopher Richardson was placed in the Living by the Parliament of Cromwell. Dr Shaw in his ‘ History of the English Ch.” writes:—‘‘ During the Commonwealth there was almost an entire cessation of

(See Y.A.S.

1 Richd. Readman, or Redmayne, the joint Patron in 1576 is believed to have been the son of Edward Red- mayne of Fulford. Ed. Redmayne had also a daughter who married Thos. Gibson the father of Robt. Gibson,and Rd. Redmayne Presented his nephew Robt. Gibson to Kirkheaton. Rd. Redmayne had a daughter Isabel who married William Robinson of York, the ancestor of the holders of the Marquisate of Ripon. See:—Foster’s Yorks. Pedi-

grees, Gibbons Northern Genealogist, Vol. IV, p. 110.

Edward Redmayne=................

I Richard Redmayne=.......... I

Isabel= Wm. Robinson of York.

I A dau= Thos, Gibson I

I Robt. Gibson, Rector of Kirkhaton.

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From other properties disposed of by them, it is evident they were descended from the famous Harrington family, but we have no knowledge of their degree of relationship. In 1588, Queen Elizabeth Presented to Kirkheaton appointing Humphrey Cole. This was disputed, Thos. Pylkington of Bradley claiming the right by grant of Thomas Waterton in 1585, and wishing to Present Alexander Stocke. A Commission found that the heirs of the late Lord Monteagle and the late Thos. Waterton aré Patrons in alternate turns. They believed that the last Rector, Robt. Gibson, was presented on right of late Lord Monteagle. They found that Thos. Pylkington ought to Present, which he did, appointing Alexander Stocke, and Humphrey Coles’ Institution was annulled. The next Presentation was in 1626 by Wm. Richards of Farnley, on the right of Henry Lord Morley and Mont- eagle, when there was another dispute. Wm. Richards gave the Presentation in the first place to Joseph Stocke, son of the late Rector, when it was found to be contrary to Canon law for a son to succeed his father without Dispensation, and Stocke was given ten days to obtain this. In the interim Wm Richards Presented Richd. Sykes, whereupon Stocke, having obtained a Dispensation, appealed along with the Parishioners to the King and Archbishop to set aside the second Presentation. After long proceedings Richd. Sykes’ Institution was confirmed, but he “ durst not rest upon” William Richard’s nomination and was again Presented in 1627 by King Charles I. About 1693 the representatives of the last Lord Morley and Monteagle sold the moiety of the Advowson of Kirkheaton

the registering of admissions,’”’ and there are no entries in the Institution Books at York between 1644 and 1660. When Christopher Richardson was “ silenced ” in 1661-2, Sr. Lionel Pilking- ton Presented Anthony Elcocke. We do not know on whose right Sr. Lionel acted, whether on the original turn of Waterton, or Monteagle. Fifty years before this date, as already shown, Thos. Waterton sold his moiety of the Advow- son to Matthew Wentworth and in the absence of records we are unable to explain Sr. Lionel’s Presentation. On the death of Anthony Elcocke in 1670 there was again a dispute between three candidates for the Rectory, namely:— Thos. Wrightson, Wm. Shippen, and Ralph Otes, each accusing the others of simony. There are several letters etc. relating to the matter in the Calen- dar of State Papers; the Petition from Ralph Otes to the King gives the most lucid explanation of the trouble. “ January, 1670/1. The Rev. Ralph Otes, M.A. to the King, stating that he has for three years past officiated as Curate at Kirkheaton to the great con- tent of the whole parish, that he was the first discoverer of Mr. Wrightson’s simoniacal contract with Mr. Richd. Beaumont for the said Rectory, that then Mr. Shippen, brother-in-law of Mr. Elcocke, a former simoniacal contractor with Mr. Beaumont promised Otes all his aid to procure the King’s Presen- tation to the Living, but that Mr. Shippen now tries to get the Presen- tation for himself.” Whatever may have been the virtues of the case, Wm. Shippen was Presented in 1670 by King Charles II (being in his gift by reason of simony) and Sr. Thos. Wentworth. Probably an attempt had been made

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to Captain Richd. Beaumont of Las- celles Hall, and in the same year a Com- mission was held at the Church to enquire into the right of Patronage of Sir Matthew Wentworth and Capt. Rd. Beaumont, when it was found that the turn belonged to Beaumont, who Pre-

to sell the Turn of Presentation during the vacancy after the death of Elcocke, which would constitute simony and place the Presentation in the hands of the King. Dr. Whitaker says Lord Morley and Monteagle in consideration of £50, granted “ one third turn ” to Rd.

Beaumont, and the dispute was whether Beaumont had two, or three turns out of four, and describes the controversy as “perplexed and unedifying.”

sented Thos. Clarke in 1693/4. In 1697 Richd. Beaumont sold his moiety of the Advowson to Sr. Matthew Went- worth who had succeeded to the other moiety bought by the Wentworths in 1611. The whole of the Advowson thus became consolidated in the Wentworth family, and Sir Wm. Wentworth Presented Wm. Dealtry in 1707. A Caveat was, however, sent to the Archbishop by Wm. Maude on behalf of Queen Ann, but her claim was not upheld. The Wentworths continued to Present in 1712, 1728, 1757 and 1773. In 1774 Sir Thomas Wentworth granted the next Presentation to Rd. Henry Beaumont, who appears to have conveyed the Advowson for this turn to Henry Smithson of Leeds, who presented his son, John Smithson, in 1785. Sir Thos. Wentworth assumed the surname of Blackett and the Advowson was inherited by his son-in-law, Thos. Richd. Beaumont, jure uxoris, and in 1832 he sold it to Jonathan Alderson, Rector of Harthill, for £5500, who in 1836 Presented his son Christopher Alderson. In 1876 the Advowson was sold to Joseph Lockwood, Surgeon, of Kirkburton, and John Foster Johnson, Solicitor, Huddersfield, for £5000, and they Presented Dr. Lockwood’s brother-in-law, Ralph Henry Maddox, in 1880. In 1891 Dr. Lockwood, the remaining Patron, or Trustee, sold the Advowson to John Straton, Bishop of Sodor and Man, John Shields, the Rev. George Whidborne, the Rev. Frederick Wigram, the Rev. Hanmer Wm. Webb-Peploe, and Ed. Smith Hanbury as Trustees, and they, or their successors, Presented John Wright Moore to the Rectory in 1905.

CHAPTER XIX.

RECTORS OF KIRKHEATON.

N the Fines for 3 Henry III, 1218-9, there is the following :—‘“ Alexander of Nevile I quitclaimed to Wm., son of Wm., all his right in the Advowson of a fourth part of Heton Church.’”’ We are unable to amplify this, but it proves that Church and Advowson were in existence at that date. RECTORS. PATRONS. Ante.

I 1220 No record.

Adam the Parson of Heton

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RECTORS. PATRONS. 2 1244/5 Thos. de Kirkeby. Gf. de Nevile, Clementia de Longvilliers and Walter de Gray, Keeper of the heir of Thos. de Burgh.

3 1282 Nicholas de Turribus. Sir Thomas de Burgh. 4 1203 Robert de Wirkeley. John de Nevile. 5 1320 Thomas de Barneby. Sir Thomas de Burgh. Ante 6 1362 Henry de Dronsfeld. No record. Probably John de Thornhill and Alice and John de Dronsfeld. 7 1362 Thomas de Barneby. John de Burgh. 8 1380 Richard de Dronsfeld. Sir Robert Nevile. 9 1430 Wm. Cussyng d’Eston. Sir William Assenhull. Io 1439 Wm. Nevile. Lady Margaret, widow of Sir Wm. Har- rington and daughter of Sir Robert Nevile. II 1477 Oliver Croft. Sir James Harrington. I2 1479 Wm. Dawtrie. John Waterton. 13 I51I Wm. Wood. King Henry VIII. I4 1552 John Rayner. Sir Richard Lister by grant of Sir Robert Waterton. I5 1554 John Pullayn. Ralph Shaw and Roger Foljamb by grant of Sir John Savage, Geoffrey Foljambe, and others. 16 1558 Gilbert Harrison. No record. 17 1566 Robert Wood. Thomas Waterton. 18 1576 Robert Gibson. Wm. Kirkby and Rd. Readman on right of Lord Monteagle.t Ig 1588 Humphrey Cole. Queen Elizabeth. 20 1588 Alexander Stocke. Thos. Pilkington by grant of Thos. Waterton. 2I 1626 Richard Sykes Wm. Richards by grant of Henry, Lord Monteagle, and also by King Charles I. 22 1646 Christopher Richardson. The Parliament. 23 1662 Anthony Elcocke. Sir Lionel Pilkington, Bt. 24 1670 William Shippen. King Charles II and Sir Thos. Wentworth. 25 1693/4 Thomas Clarke. Capt. Richard Beaumont. 26 1707 William Dealtry. Sir William Wentworth, Bt. 27 1712 John Hopkins. Sir William Wentworth, Bt. 28 1728 Thomas Clarke. Sir William Wentworth, Bt. 29 1757 Bryan Allott. Sir William Wentworth, Bt. 30 1773 John Burton. Sir Thomas Wentworth, Bt.

1 Wm. Stanley, Lord Monteagle, conveyed the Advowson of Kirkheaton to John Whythaker and Thos. Mort in 1574, and they appear to have farmed it to Kirkby and Readman, probably for only one turn, See Y.A.S. Record, Vol. V, p. 55.

L

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RECTORS. PATRONS. 31 1785 John Smithson. Richard Henry Beaumont. 32 1836 Christopher Alderson. Rev. Jonathan Alderson. 33 1880 Ralph Hy. Maddox. Joseph Lockwood and John Foster Johnson. 34 1905 John Wright Moore. John Straton, Bishop of Sodor and Man,

Lord Wimbourne, Prebendary Webb- Peploe, Rev. G. F. Whidborne, E. S. Hanbury, W. D. Cruddas, and F. R. Pease. In the Thorsby MS. in the Yks. Arch. Soc. Library there is a Charter of William son of Thomas de Leeds, which is undated, but evidently belongs to the beginning of the XIIIth century: one of the witnesses is ‘‘Ida p’sona de Heton.’’ This seem to indicate that there was an earlier Rector than Adam, but no confirmation has been found.

RCHBISHOP Gray’s is the earliest Register at York and the Preface to the Tran- A script of it by Canon Raine in Vol. 56 of the Surtees Publications, says that it is probable no older record ever existed. Itwas one of the features of Gray’s rule that he encouraged the erection of Chapels, and in 1233 he took the advice of Pope Gregory IXth on this subject. The date of the separation of Kirkheaton from the mother parish of Dewsbury is not known, but it was before 1218-9.1_ He was Arch- bishop from 1216 to 1255, but his Register does not commence until 1225, although the Records of the See in the Vatican are said to go back to 1198. No. 1. Adam the Parson of Heton (Kirkheaton) seems to have escaped the notice of previous compilers of catalogues of the Rectors of the Parish, although there are frequent references to him in the Manuscripts in the British Museum, one of which Add. Charter No. 7442 is fortunately dated A.D. 1220, showing that he was Persona de Kirkheaton before the inception of the earliest Register. There are other mentions of him in Add. Charters Nos. 7429, 7433, 7434 and 7459; also in Hunter’s South Yorks. Vol. 11, p. 240; Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 125; Yorks. Arch. Record, Vol. XXV, p. 158 and 246; Chartulary of Fountains, p. 361, 3, 4. and 6 etc. He was probably presented by Alex. de Nevile and others. See Y.A.S. Record, Vol. LXII, p. 22. Ante 1220-1245. No. 2. Thomas de Kirkby. From the witnesses to grants in the Chartulary of Fountains, p. 362, we learn that he was the son of Adam de “ Kesbur”’ (Kex- borough) 7.e. “Adam de Kesbur, Thoma filio rectore de Heton,” and in the “‘ quin- dene of Easter A.D. 1271, Dom. Thomas rector of the Church of Heton.” He ‘was presented to the living by Galfr. de Nevill, Tho. fil Willelmi, Clemencie de Longvilers et W. de Gray, as Keepers of the heir of Th. de Burgo, 1245-1282. No. 3. Nicholas de Turribus. Joseph Hunter says the family of Tours or Turribus were eminent in Kexborough and that in an Inquisition of the Honour of Pontefract a John Turribus is said to have held nine bovates in Kexborough by Knight’s service and the rent of a pound of pepper and 104d. Nicholas de Turribus was Presented to Kirkheaton by Sir Thomas de Burgo, Kt. 1282-1293.

1See Yorks. Arch. Record, Vol. LXII, p. 22.

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No. 4. Robert de Wirkeley. He was probably a branch of the Wickersleys of Wickersley nr. Rotherham, mentioned in Kirkby’s Inquest, Surtees Soc., Vol. 49, amplified by Hunter in Vol. I of his South Yorks. He was presented by John de Nevill, son and heir of Geoffrey de Nevill, and resigned in 1320.1 1293-1320. No. 5. Thomas de Barnby. The Barnbys are mentioned by Hunter in his Histories of both South Yorks. and Hallamshire; he describes them as a family with great possessions, in the Wapentake of Staincross in the 14th to the 17th centuries. Robert de Barnby of Barnby in the parish of Cawthorn, married Margaret, daughter of John de Dronsfeld, and had two sons, Thomas the Rector of Kirkheaton and Edmund, who married Alice, daughter and heir of John de Midhope. In 1337 Lucy, the widow of John de Midhope, quit-claimed to the Rector, whom she calls her brother, the Manors of Midhope and Langside, which he in 1354 conveyed to his nephew Robert, son of his brother Edmund. The arms of Barnby are: Or, a lion ramp. sa., powdered with escallops arg. Thomas de Barnby was presented to Kirkheaton by Sir Thomas de Burgo, Kt. but the date of his death, or resignation, is not known. 1320-pre No. 6. Henry de Dronsfeld. The Dronsfelds were an affluent family in West Bretton in the parish of Silkston in the reign of Henry III, 1216-1272. Prior to 1240 they also held Whitley in the parish of Kirkheaton before it came into the possession of the Beaumonts by the Grant of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln.® The Presentation of Henry de Dronsfeld to Kirkheaton has not been found, but that he was Rector in 1362 is proved by a Charter quoted in the Yorks. Arch. Records, Vol. p. 96; and that he died in that year is shown in the Presentation of his successor. In 1346-7 Robt. de Nevile, of Hornby, Chevalier, conveyed the advowson of Kirkheaton and other Churches to Wm. Scott of Great Houghton, Chevalier, and Alice his wife. In 1356-7, John Scott, the son of Sir Wm. Scott, granted the advowson of Heton to Sir John de Thornhill, Agnes de Dronsfeld and John de Dronsfeld.4 No doubt Henry de Dronsfeld was placed in the Rectory of Kirk- heaton by his relatives John and Agnes, but only enjoyed it for a short time. The arms of Dronsfeld are: Paly of six arg. and sa. on a bend gu., three mullets or; they appear on the seal of a deed 38th Edward III. 1359-pre 1362. No. 7. Thomas de Barnby. The second member of the family to be Rector of Kirkheaton. His Procurator was Robert de Barnby, already mentioned, nephew of the former Rector, Thos. de Barnby. Hewas Presented by John de Burgh “ on the death of Dominus Henry de Dronsfeld,” “the last Rector.” He resigned the living. 1362-1380.

1 There was a dispute between Robert de Wirkeley and Thomas de Barnby as to the Living of Kirkheaton for

in Archbishop Melton’s Register at York there is the following :—

“and Feb.1319. Commission to the Officer of our Court of York & Dis John de Hemyngburgh, Rector of St.

Wilfrid’s Church, York. Inthe Cause between Thomas de Barnby, Clerk, at the Church of Heton in our Diocese, plaintiff of the one part, and Dis Robt. de Wirkeley in possession of the same Church, as it is asserted de facto Incumbent, defendant of the other part, concerning the said Church.”’

Details of the case have not been found, but whatever may have been its merits, Robt. de Wirkeley resigned

and Thos. de Barnby was Presented in the following year.

2 Thos. de Barnby, Clerk, Henry de Dronsfeld, Chaplain, were defendants in a Fine relating to messuages and

land in Westheton, nr. Lepton in 1359. See Y.A.S. Records, Vol. LII, p. 69.

3 Loidis and Elmete p. 342-3, and the writer’s account of Whitley. 4 Yorks. Arch. Records, Vol. XLII, p. 188, and Placita Coram Rege, Roll 41.

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KIRKHEATON.

No. 8. Richard de Dronsfeld. Again the second member of a family to be Rector. He was Presented by Sir Robert Nevile of Hornby, Kt. He died 1430. Letters of. Administration ominum bonarum of Richard Dronsfeld, Rectoris de Heton were granted to John Byrton of Burton at York, 13th Sept. 1430. 1380-1430. No. 9. William Cussyng d’Eston. Of this Rector nothing is known, he was Presented by Sir Wm. Assenhull, who married Joan, one of the co-heirs of Sir John de Burgh. Constance, daughter of Sir Wm., married Richard Waterton of Walton, and in the pedigree of Waterton, Assenhull is described as Knight of the Shire of Cambridge in 1422. There is a place called Eston in the North Riding of Yorkshire, and an Easton in the East Riding, also several Eastons in the Midland and Eastern Counties. The Archbishop’s Register does not tell us whether Wm. Cussyng resigned or died. 1430-1439. No. 10. William Nevile was no doubt a member of the great and powerful family of the Neviles of Hornby or Liversedge. He was Presented by Lady Margaret, widow of Sir Wm. Harrington of Hornby and Brierley and daughter of Sir Robert Nevile of Hornby. He resigned in 1477 on account of infirmity and was granted an annual pension of VII marks for life out of the fruits and issues of the Church. The assignment says:—‘‘ Whereas our beloved in Christ Dominus William Nevile late Rector of the parish Church of Heton in our Diocese has for so long a time laudably carried on and exercised the cure and rule of the said Church that at the present time on account of his age and bodily debility he is unable, as it were, to the actual exercise of the said cure, which is great and ample, wishing rather to be relieved altogether from the burden of the said Church than that the flock com- mitted to him should be exposed to the devouring of wolves, he has of his own free will resigned the same Church with all its rights and appurtenances into our hands, humbly supplicating that as he has not otherwise the wherewithal sufficient to live, we would deign to assign to him a fit and competent pension. Dated at our Inn at Batersay 12th Dec., 1477.” 1439-1477 No. 11. Olyver Croft was only Rector of Kirkheaton for 2 years and was Preesnted by Sir James Harrington. The institution of his successor says that he “removed ” and he was afterwards Vicar of the Second Mediety of Darfield from 1481 to 1506. He died at Darfield. 1477-1470. No. 12. William Dawtrie. It is some 450 years since Wm. Dawtrie was Rector of Kirkheaton and we know little about him, or to what family he belonged, but he was probably one of the Dealtries, or De Alta Ripas of Full-Sutton near York. His arms—in later days fixed wrongside up and locally called “a Bee- hoppet ”’—were in the Chancel window of Kirkheaton Church until the fire in 1886 when they were unfortunately destroyed. Wm. Dodsworth saw this coat there in 1629 and in error described it as Percy, a mistake that others have subse- quently also made. The arms of Dawtrie are: Azure, five fusils, in fesse argent, but the fusils of Percy are Or, not Arg., also there is no known connection of the Percy family with Kirkheaton. His Will was proved at York in 1510. In it he desires ‘‘ to be buried in the Church of St. Helen, York, in the Quire of St. John the Baptist. V pounds of Wax to be burnt around his body. For atrental of Masses on the day of my burial Vs.

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ARMS OF DAWTRE (See pp. 43 & 76)

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To the Master of the Fraternity of Corpus Christi VId., and to each Warden for celebrating Masses on the day of my burial 1Vd. To the Church of Heton my old Vestments with Alb and other things pertaining thereto, a book called the Legends of the Saints, and a great Chest bound with iron. To his kinsman Sir Henry Marshall, Chaplain, his great and small “ portiforium ”’ and his Bible. To Isabel Marsh a mattress, with a bolster, a pair of blankets, a pair of sheets, and a white coverlet,” etc. 1479-1510. No. 13. William Woode. We have no knowledge of his antecedents, or family, nor of events at the Church during the 41 years that he was Rector, but from a bequest in the Will of Richard Langley in 1537 for ‘“‘ Church wark,” it appears that something was done to the fabric during this period, probably to the Chancel. The Dissolution of the Monasteries, the Fall of Wolsey, and the martyr- dom of More, do not seem to have disturbed the equanimity of Kirkheaton, so far as any record has come down to us. Wm. Woode’s Will has not been found. He died in 1552, but there is no memorial of him at the Church. I51I-1552. No. 14. John Rayner. For the Presentation in 1552 there were three claims as Patrons and two Candidates for the Rectory—James Todde and John Pullan. As mentioned in the account of the Advowson, a Commission was held at Kirk- heaton to hear these demands and deliver an Award. Judgment was in favour of Todde, but for some reason he was not admitted to the living and John Rayner was presented. On his Institution he took the oath of Renunciation of the Authority of the Roman Pontiff. J. R. Green in his History of the English people says of this period “ Ecclesiastical order was almost at an end. Patrons gave livings to their huntsmen, or gamekeepers, pocketing the stipends. All teaching of divinity ceased at the Universities.’ There is no evidence of any scandal such as this at Kirkheaton and for aught we know Rayner may have been an estimable Parson during the short 18 months of his Rectorate. From whence he came, or where he went, we have no record. 1552-1554. No. 15. John Pullan, or Pullayn. In the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, the Church of England ceased to acknowledge the hierarchy of the Pope, but in that of Mary, the nation was reconciled to the See of Rome and absolved by Cardinal Pole. John Pullayn had unsuccessfully endeavoured to obtain the Rectory in the time of Edward VI, 1552, but the reversion to the Roman Creed did not hinder him from again seeking Presentation, on this occasion with advantage, and he was Instituted in 1554. The attitude of many of the Clergy at this period was no doubt a shifty one and the principles of the “ Vicar of Bray’’ seem to have guided them through the varying changes of faith and worship. Pullayn’s Institution in the Vacancy Register at York ignores his predecessor John Raynor and states that he was admitted to the Rectory in succession to William Woode. We have failed to ascertain any information as to Pullayn’s family and he is not mentioned in Miss Pullien’s exhaustive “‘ History of the Pulleyns of Yorkshire.” His Will cannot be found, but from a note in the Registers of Almondbury we know that he was buried at Kirkheaton in 1558. 1554-1558. No. 16. Gilbert Harrison. We know nothing of Harrison, there is no trace of him at the Church, nor does he seem to have been Witness, or Supervisor of any

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Kirkheaton Will, etc. Possibly he was non-resident and held the living in Plurality. His Presentation cannot be found, but that he held the Benefice is confirmed by the Institution of his successor Robt. Wood, which states that the latter was admitted “on the death of Gilbert Harrison the late Rector.”” The Archbishop’s Visitation Book says that Harrison’s Will was proved in 1566, but it cannot now be found at York. 1558-1506. No. 17. Robert Woode. Heis another example of a Rector of whom we have little or no knowledge. There are no additions or alterations to the Church attributed to the ten years that he held the living. Agnes Lillie of Kirkheaton by her Will in 1572 bequeathed 3s. 4d. to him. In the Injunctions of Thos. Young, Archbishop of York, given at his Diocesan Visitation in 1567, there are some strictures on the habits of the Clergy of this period. “That all Parsons, Vicars, and Curates, shall abstain from hunting, hawking, and other vain pastimes, especially from Taverns and Ale-houses. That they shall use sad and grave outward apparel for their bodies, decently and comely made, and especially shall abstain from ruffled shirts, unless it be a single ruffe about the neck. That they shall abstain from drunkenness at all times, but most especially upon Holydays.” His Will has not been found. He died in 1576. 1566-1576. No. 18. Robert Gibson, M.A. Gibson was a member of an influential family ; his brother Sir John Gibson, Kt. of Welburn Hall, co. York, was a Doc. of Laws, President of the Council of the North, Precentor of York Minster, Prebendary of Driffield, Principal of the Consistory Court of York, etc.; he received a Dispensation from Queen Elizabeth in 1588 to hold these Offices though married, not in Orders, and non-resident ; his son Sir John Gibson, Kt. was High Sheriff of York in 1630, and a grandson also Sir John, was knighted in 1636, the latter fell into debt and was a prisoner in Durham gaol in 1653. There is a short biography of the Gibsons in the Surtees Soc., Vol. 124, p. 51. Robert Gibson, the Rector, married Hester, daughter of John Armitage at Huddersfield in 1583; he died in 1588, and was buried at Kirkheaton, leaving two children, John, of whom we know nothing, and Robert, who is presumed to be the Robert Gibson who by his Will in 1637 left £50 to the Mercers Company, the interest therefrom for the Poor of Kirkheaton and Huddersfield, which is still paid. The rector by his Will dated 1587, bequeathed £10 “ to belent to the poorer sort of his parishioners who through dearth are decayed in their occupations.” This is now lost. He also “left to the poorer sort of his parishioners twenty strikes of Rie.” 1576-1588. No. 19. Humphry Cole. Cole was presented by Queen Elizabeth, but he was only Rector from June to Sept., 1588, when the presentation by the Queen was disputed and claimed by Thos. Pilkington of Bradley by right of a grant for this turn by Thos. Waterton of Walton in 1585, now dead. It was alleged that Thos. Waterton contumaciously refused to receive the Sacrament and was publically excommunicated in 1582. This objection was overruled and the Commission decreed that Thos. Pilkington ought to Present and the Queen’s nomination was annulled. 1588.

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No. 20. Alexander Stocke was presented by Thos. Pilkington two days after the conclusion of the foregoing enquiry for the expenses of which he was taxed by the Apparitor General of the Archbishop of York to pay sums of XL shillings and X shillings on the Friday next after the Feast of St. Martin, the Bishop, in 1589. The Registers of Elland contain the following entry as to his marriage there:— “ 3rd Aug. 1589, Alexander Stocke, Rector Ecclesiz de Heaton et Sara filia Anthoni Hirst de Greetland.”” Their children were:— I. Joseph, M.A., of University College, Oxford, who endeavoured to obtain the Rectory of Kirkheaton in opposition to his brother-in-law, Richard Sikes; he married Judith, daughter of Anthony Wade of Halifax and widow of Hy. Power, Clerk. 2. Thomas. 3. Alexander. 4. Grace, bapt. at Kirkheaton 2nd Feb., 1606, married there zoth Oct., 1627, to Richard Sikes, M.A., who succeeded her father as Rector of the Parish. The Rector, with others whose names are not recorded, were the builders of the first school at Kirkheaton. He was buried at Kirkheaton 1st Dec., 1626, and by his Will charged his lands in Golcar with the payment of X shillings per year for the maintenance of the School. This rent charge has been redeemed and funded with the Charity Commissioners who pay the interest to the Trustees of the School. He also left XX shillings per an. to the “ Minister preaching at Elland” and IV shillings yearly to the Vicar of Huddersfield. He made provision for the education of his younger sons Thomas and Alexander, until they attained to Bachelors, or Masters of Arts. He also had property in Quarmby and Stainland. From the books that he devised to the members of his family he was evidently a man of learn- ing, for he mentions:—Three vols. of Mr. Perkins Works, Doctor Fulkes “‘ Answer to the Rhine Testament,” St. Augustine’s Works, Two Concordances, Hebrew for the Old and Greek for the New Testament, etc. He held the living for 38 years. 1588-1626. No. 21. Richard Sykes, M.A. On the death of Alexander Stocke there was a dispute between his son Joseph Stocke and his future son-in-law Richard Sykes as to who should have the Rectory. This is mentioned in the account of the Patrons in these annals, and was an acrimonious contest between the rivals as the following letter from Sir John Savile, writing on behalf of Joseph Stocke to Lord Conway, Secretary of State, Feb. 1626/7. Alexander Stocke the late Rector, a faithful, honest and able Minister who continued Parson of Kirk- heaton for 38 years, is lately dead leaving a poor widow and children unprepared. His eldest son being brought up in the University of Oxford and so made very able and capable, is much desired by the Parishioners to succeed his father and hath a Presentation thereof under the hand and seal of one Wm. Richards the Patron, but being the son of the last Incumbent could not be Instituted till he procured a Dispensation, a matter of form, for the obtaining whereof ten days time was given him, within which he procured the same. Yet notwithstanding, in the interim one Richard very unfit person for the place, by indirect means got a second Presentation from the Patron and also Institution and Induction from my Lord

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Archbishop, which second Presentation as I am informed will be made appear to your Lordship to be altogether void in law and contrary to equity. So that in my opinion your Lordship shall not only do me an honourable favour, but become the author of a noble and charitable deed by procuring a Mandamus from his Majesty for a Super Institution and Induction in the case, or such other course for the Induction of the said Stocke, as in your Lordship’s wisdom shall seem good.” (Hunter’s MSS., British Museum). The appeal was not successful and Rd. Sykes, having obtained a confirmatory Presentation from King Charles I, remained in possession of the Living. He was born in 1603, son of Richd. Sykes, Lord of the Manors of Leeds and Shelley, from whom he inherited Shelley, etc.; he had land and tenements in Briggate, Hunslet, Beeston, South Kirby, Flockton, Thornhill, etc., a goodly estate. His brother Wm. Sykes, was the ancestor of the family of Sledmere. The Rector married in 1627, Grace, daughter of his predecessor at Kirkheaton, Alexander Stocke, and their children were:— Richard, Rector of Spofforth, Yorks. John, Merchant of Dort, Holland. Samuel, Mayor of Leeds in 1674. Bernard, Merchant of London. Charles, died young and unmarried. Rebeccah, Married John Kershaw, Rector of Ripley, Yorks. Elizabeth, died unmarried. ‘These are pedigrees of the family in Clay’s Visitation of Yorkshire and More- house’s History of Kirkburton, etc. The Rector was Tutor to the sons of Sir Thos. Beaumont, Kt. of Whitley Hall, along with his own sons. He was a Royalist and as he would not subscribe his name to the Solemn League and Covenant and was a Delinquent, he was “ thrust of the Rectorate in 1645. For his participation in the Civil War, for absenting himself from home and going into the King’s Garrison he was fined £1350. He died in 1652 at Islington and was buried at Clerkenwell, London; his wife died in 1645/6 and was buried at Kirkheaton. His Will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in 1653. 1626-1645. No. 22. Christopher Richardson, B.A., of Trinity Coll., Cambridge, 1636, M.A., 1640. He was born in 1618 and is believed to have been the grandson of Robt. ‘Richardson of Sheriff Hutton, whose brother Thos. Richardson was Vicar of that Parish in 1573. He was placed in the Rectory of Kirkheaton by Parliament in 1646 and in the Survey of Livings in 1649 he is recorded as “a godly and well affected Mynister who receiveth the profitts and performes ye cure.” The earliest Registers now at Kirkheaton commence in 1653 and each page to 1661 is signed

by him. fo Richardrfor

Dr. Calamy in his ‘‘ Nonconformists Memorial” says:—‘In Yorkshire he was

one © NH

N

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REV. CHRISTOPHER RICHARDSON.

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much followed; a neighbouring Minister whose parishioners used to go to hear him, complaining to Richardson that he drew away his flock, received the answer, “ Feed them better and they will not stray.” Christopher Richardson’s predecessor was removed from the Rectory because he would not conform to the Solemn League and Covenant which was essentially a Scottish measure, in the Preamble of which Scotland had the place of honour and was designed for the peace of the Churches of Scotland, England and Ireland. The form of worship in Scotland was to be the model, and Church government by Archbishops, Bishops, Deans, Chapters, etc. was to be extirpated. The Prayer Book which Reformers and Martyrs had sprinkled with their blood was suppressed during the Commonwealth, and a book called a Directory was substituted; in it so that the Clergy might not be wholly without method in their devotions some general hints were given, but it prescribed no forms of prayer other than those “conceived” by the individual Minister and enjoined the congregation to make no responses except Amen. At the Restoration in 1660-1 came reprisal and Richardson was “silenced” by the Act of Uniformity which provided that no Clergyman would be permitted to hold his Benefice who would not publically renounce the Solemn League and Covenant and swear to use no other Service than that of the Revised Book of Common Prayer. Richardson declined to do this and having bought the Overside Lascelles Hall retired to his own house. At this time more than two thousand of her clergy forsook the Church of England, many of whom were not averse to some form of Liturgical Service and with slight modifi- cation would have submitted gladly to an Episcopal regime, for they saw the error of much of their early bigotry and the hypocrisy to which it had led, but the Puritan cause was at an end within the Church of England and the seceders took henceforth the name of Nonconformists. The Puritans had grievously oppressed the Episcopalians, a wrong which 20 years later retaliated upon them with increased malevolence. “Its passing power to hurt, each creature feels, Bulls aim their horns, and asses lift their heels.” After leaving the Rectory Richardson continued to preach in his new home using the spacious hall for the congregation and the fine old staircase as a pulpit, but in 1663 the Conventicle Act was passed by which every person above 16 years of age, present at any Meeting under pretence of any exercise of religion in other manner than is the practice of the Church of England, where there are five persons more than the household shall for the first offence, by a Justice of the Peace be sent to gaol for three months till he pay £5, for the second offence, six months, till he pay {r10, and the third time being convicted by a Jury shall be banished to some of the American Plantations. The Five Mile Act followed in 1665; it enacted that all Nonconformist Ministers who refused to take the Oath of Non-resistance to the King were forbidden to come within five miles of any Town or Parish in which they had been accustomed to officiate. At length 7 years later in 1671-2, came happier days and a Declaration was issued that His Majesty the King suspended all penal laws against erring and dissenting persons and that he would grant a convenient number of Public meeting places to men of all sorts that did not conform, provided they took out licences.

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“ We lightly hold A right which brave men died to gain, The stake, the cord, The axe, the sword, Grim nurses at its birth of pain.” Whittier’s words are literally true of the Puritan cause. Bishop Hooper in preaching against Vestments laid the foundation of Puritanism and suffered martyrdom at the stake in his own Cathedral City, to escape persecution the Pilgrim Fathers crossed the storm-swept Atlantic in the tiny ‘‘ Mayflower” and sought freedom to worship on the shores of New England, and when the red tide of battle rolled up the hill at Naseby, it was the sword of Cromwell’s Puritan Ironsides —hypocrites though many of them were—that dashed to pieces the chivalry of Rupert. Christopher Richardson and Oliver Heywood, the ejected Minister of Coley, nr. Halifax, were close friends, and the latter in his Diary writes:— “On Jan. 2nd 1672/3 I joyned with Mr. Richardson at an exercise at Lassel- hall, abundance of people came, when Mr. R. was preaching Sr. John Kay’s sergeant came, and thrust through the crowd, made inquiry whether he had a licence to preach there, Mr. R. smartly answered wt haue you to doe with that? The man withdrew Mr. Richardson went on, I confesse at first it something affrighted me, and I thought with myself if he come again wn I am in preaching it will put me quite out, well he finished, I succeeded, and when I had prayed and was preaching, he came again, demanded if we had licence, Mr. Rich. ans. sharply saying what authority haue you to inquire, he ans. his master sent him, who is your master sd he, he ans. Sr John Kay, and he commanded us both in the kings name to goe along with him to his master, Mr. R. ans. we would not goe without a warrant, he told him he hada warrant, we desired to see it, he shewed it us, I read it, wherein both our right names were, when I saw that, I gaue him mild words and desired him to stay awile till we had done our work and then we would obey him, wel sth he I shall wait your leisure, he stood by, I went on with my sermon, and god graciously helped aboue fear, it was quite gone, and god helpt memory, and elocution, and affection, when we had done our work we went along with that man and two of Sr Johns liverymen, came to Woodsome that Clark (I suppose he was) was churlish and snappish, told me he thought we had not made such particular reflections as we did, I askt him in wht ? sth he I took good notice of your words, I bade him speak truth and I cared not what he said: we went into the hall, wherein many waiting-men were playing at cards at the table, we waited a pretty while, at last, Sr John came, who askt us if we had any licences, saying his majesty hath graciously incouraged conformists,and indulged others of his subjects that pretend conscience in not conforming, but his princely clemency had been abused, in many places, therefore, sth he, he hath sent us expresse order to inquire into persons licences, we told him we had there a licence for the place, but licences for our persons were at our homes, he demanded a sight of that we had, we produced it, he read it, said so far he was satisfyed, but required a sight of the other, we desired time to produce them, he gaue us time till saturday, and then sending them by another should serue, I hauesent mine this day by John Robuck, and Arthur Lee will let Sr John see it to morrow—thus god’s gracious

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CHRISTOPHER RICHARDSON AND OLIVER HEYWOOD BEFORE SIR JOHN KAYE AT WOODSOME.

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providence hath wrought for us, so that with confidence we may look upon authority having authority for what to doe—blessed be god—I cannot but observe how spightful the devil is agt preaching, when he will not hinder but promote keeping open house, feasting, dancing, revelling—there I saw a great number of gentlemen, (among whom was Mr. Tho. Horton) musitians, master of misrule, or lord misrule as they call him etc.” In 1682 he appears to have conveyed Lascelles Hall to his son Christopher, M.A. of Edinburgh, and to have become Chaplain to Wm. Cotton of Peniston. In 1688 he went to Liverpool and established the first Presbyterian Church there. He died in that City in 1698 aged 80 years, and was buried in the Church- yard of St. Nicholas. At Kirkheaton there is in the Chancel a Brass to his memory erected by John Richardson of Bromley, Kent, in 1884, his descendant in the fifth generation. As mentioned in the account of Lascelles Hall his grand-daughter Dorothy married John Tolson, the ancestor of the writer of these papers. 1646-1661-2. No. 23. Anthony Elcocke, B.A., of Oxford, 1626-7, M.A. of Magdalen Hall, 1630, D.D. 1660-1; Canon of Southwell, Sub Dean of York; Prebendary of Norman- ton and Osbaldwick 1661; in Alumni Oxonienses he is said to be the son of Francis Elcocke of Manchester. His first appointment seems to have been at Taxal, co. Chester in 1633; he was afterwards Rector of Methley, co. York, and Kirkheaton 1662 until his death in 1670; the two last livings he held in plurality. Kirkheaton Church was enlarged during his Rectorate by additions to the North Aisle, and from the subscription list dated 1663 it appears that he gave {6 13s. towards the cost of building. He was twice married, his first wife Alice was buried at Taxal in 1635, and in 1637 he wedded secondly Ann Laburne at Methley. Letters of Adminis- tration were granted to his widow in 1670 and from an Inventory of goods attached to it, he evidently kept both Rectories in his own occupation. The items refer to household furnitureincluding a Virginal; in the fold and garden were sheep, pigs and two hives of bees, at Methley he had coat armour consisting of a head piece, back and breast pieces, carbine, pistols, holsters and great saddle; no books or pictures are mentioned. We have no account of his children, but he is believed to have had a son George, who was Rector of Winterbourne Bassett, co. Wilts. 1662-1670. No. 24. William Shippen. On the death of Dr. Elcocke there was again a dispute as to the Presentation of his successor, an abstract of which is given in the account of the Patrons. Of the three aspirants to the living, Thos. Wrightson, Ralph Oates, and Wm. Shippen, the latter was successful. He was the son of Wm. Shippen of Methley, co. York, born 1637, entered University College, Oxford 1653, B.A. 1656-7, M.A. 1659, Proctor of the University and Fellow of his College 1664, and D.D. of Lambeth, 1678. He was Vicar of Prestbury 1667-75, Rector of Kirk- heaton 1671-93, Aldford 1676-78, and Stockport 1678-93, from which it appears that he held successively the livings of Prestbury and Kirkheaton, Aldford and Kirkheaton, and Stockport and Kirkheaton in Pluralities, and from the following Caveat he endeavoured to add Sefton to these, making his Cures triplex, in which, however, he did not succeed. “sth July, 1675. Caveat that there be granted no Royal Presentation to William Shippen, Clerk, for the corroboration of his title to the Rectory (sic.) of

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Prestbury, Cheshire, and no mandate to the Archbishop of Canterbury to grant a Dispensation to the said Shippen to hcld the Rectory of Kirkheaton, Yorks., with the very rich Rectory of Sefton, Lanc. without notice to the said Archbishop, the Master of Faculties, and Thos. Legh of Adlington, the Patron of the Living of Prestbury, as the said Shippen has held the two Rectories for four years without any Dispensation and has obtained a third contrary to the laws both of the Kingdom and the Church.” William Shippen was the brother-in-law of his predecessor Anthony Elcocke, but which married the sister of the other is not known. The Christian name of Shippen’s wife was Ann, and she may have been an Elcocke, or Elcocke’s first wife Alice, buried at Taxal in 1635, may have been a Shippen. The Rector was the brother of Edward Shippen, born at Methley 1639, who emigrated to Boston, U.S.A. in 1668, became a Quaker and was twice publicly whipped for attending the Friends Meetings ; he removed to Philadelphia, where in 1695 he was elected Speaker of the Assembly. He died in 1712, a wealthy man and was long remembered as possessing the biggest person, the biggest house, and the biggest coach in the young colony. The Rector married Ann....... and had four sons and one daughter. 1. Edward, bapt. Prestbury, 1670-1, died 1723-4, M.A. of Brasenose Coll., Oxford, also M.D., and practised as a Physician in London. A proficient Musician and succeeded his brother Robert as Professor of Music at Gresham Coll., London. 2. William, bapt. Prestbury, 1673, buried at St. Andrew’s, Holborn, 1743, B.A. of Trinity Coll., Camb., 1694. Member of Parliament from 1707 to 1743, where he was the incorruptible leader of the Jacobites; he was sent to the Tower for saying in the House of Commons—and refusing to retract the expression— “that part of King George the first’s speech seemed to be more calculated for the meridian of Germany than Great Britain and that ’twas a great misfortune that the King was a stranger to both our language and constitution.”” He was the author of several pamphlets and political poems. Alexander Pope in Imitations of Horace says:— “T love to pour out all myself as plain As Downright Shippen, or as old Montaign.” and John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham also writes of him:—

“To Shippen, Apollo was cold with respect, but said in a greater assembly he shined, And ‘ place ’ was a thing he had ever declined.” 3. Robert, bapt. Prestbury 1675, Fellow and Principal of Brasenose Coll. ; Vice-Chancellor of the University, Professor of Music, Gresham Coll.; F.R.S. 1706, Rector successively of Great Billing, Northants, Whitechapel, and Amersham, buried Brasenose Chapel, where there is a bust and epitaph. 4. John, a Spanish Merchant, English Consul at Lisbon, buried St. Andrew’s,

Holborn, 1747. x. Ann who married...... Leyborne. See Landed Gentry 1848 edition,

p. 1592.

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INSTITUTION OF WILLIAM SHIPPEN.

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Doctor William Shippen, our Rector, was buried at Stockport in 1693, and there is no memorial of him at Kirkheaton, nor is there any bequest to the Parish in his Will proved at York in the same year. The Church was probably often left in charge of his Curates Ed. Moorhouse and Thos. Blythe, for Stockport seems to have been his principal home. The Rev. Joseph Ismay in his Diary says Dr. Shippen never resided at Kirkheaton. 1670-1693. No. 25. Thomas Clarke. He was the son of Daniel Clarke, M.A. of King’s Coll., Cambridge, Vicar of Kirkburton 1642-49, who married Elizabeth daughter of George Burdett of Denby, her half sister Mary married first Richard Pilkington of Daw Green, and second Sir Thomas Beaumont of Whitley. Thomas Clarke was baptised at Kirkburton in 1649; he was Vicar of Huddersfield, 1675-96, and Rector of Kirkheaton 1693-1707, holding these Livings in Plurality. He was not popular in Huddersfield, and Robt. Meeke, Incumbent of Slaithwaite, tells us in his Diary that in 1692-3, Clarke desired him to present a petition to the Parishioners of Huddersfield asking them to certify that he had been a man of sober and peaceable life, painful in the ministry, etc., but very few signed it. He married Elizabeth Smith, and was buried at Kirkheaton in 1707, their surviving children were :— 1. Daniel, who was a sugar planter, or merchant, for whom his father wrote the following letter :— “* Octobe. ye 26th 1691. Cousin Burdett, I must begg one kindnesse of you upon ye account of my son Daniell yt you will step to ye Sugar hous as soone as you receive this and gett him samples of all yir sorts of Sugar and ye lowest prices and writt upon ye backe of each paper and send ym by Carrier as also

ye price of Treakle. Yor Affect. Kinsn. & Servt.”’

Cle (ok

Daniel migrated to America, he inherited his father’s estate as Ingbirchworth conditionally that he returned to England within 2 years after his mother’s death. 2. Frances, who married Gregory Empson of Wyke. 3. Elizabeth, who married first Simon Jenkinson, Vicar of Flintham, at Kirkheaton in 1695. She married secondly. ..... Clayton, or Caiton, who is said to have succeeded Jenkinson at Flintham. 4. Mary married to Michael Syddall. 5. Ann, who married Nicholas Aspinall, her father’s Curate at Kirkheaton. By his Will proved at York 1707-8, the Rector bequeathed to the Parishes of Huddersfield and Kirkheaton the sum of £20 “ to be laid our in lands, or put out at interest as the Ministers and Chief Inhabitants of the said Parishes do think most fit, the income of which to be distributed amongst the Poor of the said Parishes that are industrious and yet needful, but constant frequenters of the Churches, yearly and every year upon the Feast of St. Thomas ye Apostle.” Unfortunately this Charity is lost. 1693-1707. No. 26. William Dealtry. We have little information as to this Rector, but

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we know he came from Hunmanby. In 1691 Paver tells us that a Wm. Dealtry, Vicar of Muston, which was formerly a Chapelry of Hunmanby, had Licence to marry Elizabeth Westhorpe at Acklam. In the Abstract of Title of the Advowson of Kirkheaton there is the following Agreement :— “6th Augt. 1707. Bond from Wm. Dealtry of Hunmanby, Clerk, to Sir Wm. Wentworth of Bretton, Bt. for £300, reciting that the said Sir Wm. was Patron of Kirkheaton Church, that Thos. Clarke the late Rector was dead. The said Sir Wm. would have presented Richard Osbalderston, second son of Sir Rd. Osbalderston of Hunmanby, Kt., or Thos. Wentworth, brother of Sir Wm., if either of them had been capable to accept and take Presentation, and that until one of them should be capable Sir William presents the said Wm. Dealtry. Condition of Bond being for resignation of Dealtry in favour of Rd. Osbalderston, or Thomas Wentworth.” Dealtry’s resignation was not required; Richard Osbalderston became Vicar of Hunmanby, Dean of York, Bishop of Carlisle, and London. Thos. Wentworth went into the Army and became a Brigadier General. The Rector died in 1712, and Administration was granted to his son Edward Dealtry described as of Hunmanby; there was another son Christopher, bapt. at Hunmanby in 1699, and probably other children. He never resided at Kirkheaton. 1707-12. No. 27. John Hopkins. He is said by J. W. Walker, F.S.A. in the History of Woolley, to be the son of Ezekiel Hopkins, Bishop of Derry, who left Ireland at the time of the troubles of 1690-1. If so, John Hopkins was born in 1675, B.A. of Jesus Coll., Cambridge, 1693-4, M.A. 1698. This is, however, doubtful, as the date of birth does not agree with that on his tombstone at Kirkheaton. He was certainly Incumbent of Woolley 1697-1712, and Rector of Kirkheaton 1712-28. On his Presentation a similar Bond to resign in favour of Osbalderston or Went- worth was required from him as in the case of his predecessor, Wm. Dealtry. There is an account of an incident relating to him in the Diary of John Hobson, Surtees Soc., Vol. 65 p. 262. He married Abigail. . . . and had three surviving children: I. William, bapt. at Woolley, 1707. 2. John, bapt. at Woolley, 1709. He was an Apothecary of Huddersfield, and married in 1735 Rachael, daughter of Abm. Radcliffe of Almondbury, great uncle of Sir Joseph Radcliffe, the first Baronet. 3. Katherine, bapt. at Woolley 1703, who married Henry Bragg, Attorney of Huddersfield. The Rector died in 1728, and there is a Tombstone and inscription to his memory on the floor of the Chancel at Kirkheaton, stating that he was in the fiftieth year of hisage. In his Will proved at York in the same year he mentions property at Thorpe Audley in the Parish of Badsworth, and at Langley near Sheffield. 1712-28. No. 28. Thos. Clarke. So far as we know he was not of the same family as his predecessor at Kirkheaton of the same name and the editor of Robt. Meeke’s Diary is wrong in calling him his son.

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Thos. Clarke (second Rector of that name) was born in 1676-7, and appears to have been B.A. of Jesus Coll., Cambridge, in 1696, M.A.in 1700. He was appointed Afternoon Lecturer at the Parish Church, Wakefield, and Usherin Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School in that City in 1699, and Mastership in 1703, which he held until 1720 when he was appointed to a similar post at Kirkleatham in the School founded there by Sir Wm. Turner. In 1715 he was Presented to the Rectory of Escrick near York; he retained that living until 1728, when he was presented to Kirkheaton ; he was presented to the Rectory of Swillington in 1749 when he obtained a Dis- pensation to hold both Livings in Plurality. He was appointed Prebendary of Holme, Archiepiscopacy of York in 1742. He was Chaplain successively to the Duke of Devonshire and Viscount Irwin. He preached the Assize Sermon at York in 1731, which was published at the request of the Grand Jury. He built the present Rectory at Kirkheaton, over the door of which there is inscribed ‘‘ Thomas Clarke, Anno MDCCXXIX. Non Nobis.” He was married twice, first to Sarah Spink at Wakefield in 1699, who was buried there in 1704, leaving no surviving issue, and secondly to Frances, daughter of Richard Thompson of Kilham, co. York, at York Minster in 1708. She was the sister of Jonas Thompson, Lord Mayor of York in 1731; by her he had two surviving daughters :— xr. Frances, who married Samuel Walker of Stapleton. 2. Ann, who married her cousin Richard Thompson, son of Jonas Thomp- son of York, M.A., of Merton Coll., Oxford, Rector of Kirk Deighton, and Prebendary of York. His only son, William, was buried at Kirkheaton the year before the death of his father in 1755 unmarried. Thomas Clarke was buried at Kirkheaton in 1756, aged 80 years, where there is a mural tablet and long inscription to his memory. By his Will dated 1754, he bequeathed {10 to the Poor of Kirkheaton to be laid out as his ” Exors. Sir Wm. Lowther of Swillington, Bart., Dr. Legh, Vicar of Halifax, and the Rev. Mr. Driffield, Vicar of Featherstone, shall direct.” (This is now lost). 1728-56. No. 29. Bryan Allott, B.A.; he was the son of Bartin Allott of Bilham Grange, by Mary, daughter of John Peebles of Dewsbury; he was born in 1693. In 1727 he was Curate at Kirkburton; in 1729-38 he evidently held some appointment at York, for four of his children were baptised at the Minster; in 1736 he was Presented to the Rectory of Londesborough; in 1748 he was Presented to the Rectory of Burnby; and in 1756 he was Presented to the Rectory of Kirkheaton, which he held until his death in 1773. He married Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Wilmot of Osmaston, co. Derby; their surviving children were:— 1. Bryan, bapt. at York Minster 1738; in the Army; subsequently took Orders and became Rector of Burnham, co. Norfolk; in 1779 his affairs were in disorder, and his Living sequestrated. 2. Valentine Henry, Cursitor in Chancery, died unmarried on a voyage to Gibraltar in 1773. 3. Richard, Rector of Annaduff, Prebendary of Tuam, and Dean of Raphoe. xz. Mary, bapt. at York Minster, 1732, married John Tulloh of London.

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Our Rector was buried at Kirkheaton in 1773; there is a mural tablet to his memory in the Chancel on which there are the lines written by his friend David Garrick :-— “ More with the Love than with the Fear of Gop, This Vale of Sorrow cheerfully he trod; So tuned to Harmony and hating strife, From youth to age unclouded was his life, Nought could his earthly virtuous Joys increase, But Heavenly song and everlasting Peace.”’ His wife was also buried at Kirkheaton in 1798, aged 94 years; his Will was proved at York in 1773, but contains nothing of special interest. 1756-73. No. 30. John Burton. Although a Rector of comparatively recent date little is known as to his antecedents, but we get a glimpse of the convivial and cheery doings of his day from the Diaries of his Curate, John Sunderland, and his Church- warden, Charles Brooke; the latter writes:— “May, 1776. Went to Mr. Burton’s in the afternoon, drank tea, supped and spent the evening; there was a great deal of company; I left them at 12 June 1776. Went to the Bowling Green in the afternoon, Mr. Nalson called for me and we called for Mr. Horsfall (then curate). There was Mr. Walker of Lassel Hall and his company, and J. Burton (the Rector’s son) and his sister, and Mr. and Mrs. Walker of Rawthorpe. We drank tea there and bowled.” John Sunderland records:— “ Feby., 1779. Mr Burton preached from Jer VI, 3 and 4, ‘ Break up your fallow ground and sow not any thorns.’ t1th Apl. 1780. Miss Diana Burton was married. Gave me two guineas. 8th Jan. 1781. Dined at Mr. Burton’s, we were very merry. Ist May, 1781, went with B. Horne to Mr. Burton and took the Tythe at £110 provided it make £120 clear money, if it do not we are only to pay 100 guineas. 7th Jan., 1782. Had a Fox chase. It was Mr. Burton’s birthday.” Then comes a dramatic entry in the Diary :— “rst Aug. 1782. Mr. Maude and Sophia Burton eloped for Gretna Green.” We do not know whether they were wedded by the Blacksmith there, but if so, they were married again at Kirkheaton, for in the Parish Register on the 23rd Sept. 1782, there is the record that Mr. Francis Maude and Miss Sophia Burton were married. John Burton married Elizabeth..... who was buried at Kirkheaton in 1788, aged 68 years; their only son John died of consumption in 1778 in his 21st year, and was buried at Kirkheaton; they had six daughters. 1. Agnes, who married John Deighton, Curate of Batley. Annabella, who married Nathaniel Shirt, Cornmiller of Denby. Diana, who married Thomas Tate of Sheffield. Bridget, who married William Parker. Sophia, who married Francis Maude. Julia.

CO) Or SS

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REV. CHRISTOPHER ALDERSON.,

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The Rector died in 1785 in the 74th year of his age. There is no memorial to him in the Church, but a gravestone in the Churchyard; his Will was proved at York in 1786, but there are no bequests in it to the Parish. 1773-85. No. 31. John Smithson, M.A. He was the son of Henry Smithson of Leeds, by Margarita, daughter of Wm. Lewty of Hampsthwaite, Gent. The Smithsons were an opulent family, who, in the XVII century, lived at Arthington Nunnery. The Rector was born in 1752, and after taking his Degree at Cambridge was Incumbent of Headingly in 1782, and was Presented to Kirkheaton by his father in 1785; both these livings he held in Plurality until his death. He married Ruth come we but had no children; he died in 1836 and was buried at Headingly, where there is a brass Memorial to him. His Will was proved at York in 1836. He left no bequests to Kirkheaton where he probably spent little time, for during the latter years of his life the Rectory was occupied by his Curate, Wm. Kettlewell, whose wife was his niece. It was during the time that John Smithson was Rector that so much of interest in the old Church was destroyed by the vandalism in the alterations of 1823. 1785-1836. No. 32. Christopher Alderson, B.A. of Magdalen Coll., Oxford, 1829; M.A. 1836; grandson of Christopher Alderson, Rector of Aston, co. York, 1797 to 1811, who was the friend and Executor of the previous Rector, William Mason, the Poet, whom he succeeded at Aston. His son, Jonathan Alderson, the father of Christopher of Kirkheaton, was M.A. of Pembroke Coll., Cambridge. He was Presented to the Rectory of Langton-on-Swale in 1793, which he exchanged for the Rectory of Harthillin 1812; he was Vicar of Hornby 1804-1829, holding both livings, and, in addition, he was Chaplain to the Duke of Leeds. He married Anna Maria, daughter of Roland Hodgson, Rector of Rawmarsh, who was Chaplain to the Marquess of Rockingham, and had with other children:—George Alderson, who succeeded him as Vicar of Hornby, Yorks.; Christopher Alderson, Rector of Kirkheaton; and Jonathan Alderson, junior. Christopher Alderson was Curate to his father at Harthill from his Ordination until he was Presented to Kirkheaton; he was married three times :— ist, in 1832, to Georgiana, daughter of John Peel of Pastures House, Derby, cousin of Sir Robert Peel, Bart. She died in 1850, leaving two daughters :-— Charlotte Maria, who married Robt. John Peel. She died without issue in 1887. Mary Augusta, who married her cousin Frank Alderson, Rector of Dodleston, co. Chester, son of Jonathan Alderson Junior. They had no children. and, he married Julia Maria, only daughter of Wm. Barber, Vicar of Duffield, co. Derby. Her brother, Rd. Barber, was at one time Curate at Kirkheaton. She died in 1859. She had no children, and by her special request was buried in a grave in the Church Yard and not in the Rector’s family vault, also at her desire the spot was marked by a plain flat stone without any name, or inscription. 3rd, in 1860, he married Clarice Rossendale Eccles, widow of Thomas Eccles, and daughter of Chas. Arthur Albany Lloyde, M.A., Rector of Whittington and Vicar of Selattyn, co. Salop. They had no children. She died in 1897 at Brid- lington Quay. Her brother was one of the Curates at Kirkheaton and was the first Vicar of the daughter Parish of Mold Green, in 1863.

N

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Christopher Alderson died in 1880 in his 78th year, and was buried at Kirk- heaton. In the Chancel there is a Mural tablet to his memory. He altered and improved the Rectory in 1836-8, as the inscription over the door records. 1836-80. No. 33. Ralph Henry Maddox, B.D. by Abp. Cant. 1881. Son of George Maddox of Welbeck Street, Cavendish Square, London. C.M.S. Missionary, Travancore, 1863-73, Vicar of Shelley, co. York, 1873-75. Missionary, Madras, 1875-81. Rector of Kirkheaton 1880-1905. Married Betsey, daughter of Benjamin Lockwood, Surgeon of Kirkheaton. Their children are:— 1. Ralph Henry Maddox. C.I.E. Indian Medical Service, who married Lucy Lillian, daughter of Walter T. Wheeler of Belfast. 2. Stuart Lockwood Maddox, C.S.I., M.A. of Oxford. Settlement Officer of Orissa 1892, etc. Chairman Calcutta Corporation 1910-13. He married Violet, daughter of Brig. Surgeon C. I. W. Meadows of the Indian Med. Service. 3. Maud Maddox. The Rector, on his retirement, went to live at Salisbury, where he died in 1907; his wife died there in 1924, and they are both buried at Salisbury. Thereisa Brass in the Chancel at Kirkheaton to his memory. 1880-1905. No. 34. John Wright Moore, M.A. of Trinity Coll., Dublin. He was Ordained in 1884; Curate of Holy Trinity, Hull, and the Cathedral Wakefield; in 1887-1905 he was Vicar of St. Philips, Hull, and was Presented to Kirkheaton in 1905, where he is still Rector. I905-

CHAPTER XxX.

MINOR ECCLESIASTICS AND CURATES OF KIRKHEATON.

R. Whitaker in his History of Loidis and Elmete mentions a Deed of the time of D Richard I, or John, to which one of the witnesses was RogoClerico de Heton,and he thinks this indicates a Chapel there, but that it had not at that date been created a Parish Church. He evidently did not know of the existence of Adam the Parson of Heton, who witnessed a Grant given in W. T. Lancaster’s Chartulary of Fountains, that W. Farrer in his Early Yorks. Charters thinks to be I1g0-1210, which is earlier than we have ventured to ascribe as the date of Adam in the account of the Rectors of Kirkheaton. The Pre-Reformation Orders in the Parochial Churches were:—

Acolite. Who carried the Candle, or Taper, when the Gospel was read. Subdeacon. Who bore the Vessels to the Deacon. Deacon Who ministered to the Mass Priest. Chaplain. I Who assisted the Priest, or was attached to a Chapelry. Priest. Who celebrated Mass and sang the seven Canonical Hours.

Clerk. Used in regard to Deacon, Chaplain, Priest, Vicar, or Rector.

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The Post-Reformation Clergy are:

Curate. Who assists a Vicar, or Rector, in his duties. Vicar. Who receives only the “ Small tithe ”’ of his Benefice. Rector. Who receives the “‘ Great and Small ”’ tithes.

The indiscriminate use of the word Parson with regard to the Clergy is an error; only a Rector is Parson, not a Vicar. The Lay Impropriator of the Great tithe may be rightly termed Parson. The repeated allusions to Chaplain, or Priest, in association with the four Town- ships of the Parish of Kirkheaton suggests that in early times each of these districts had its own Ecclesiastic allotted to it. For example :— Heaton. In the Chartulary of Fountains we “Humphry, Clerk, Heton,” at a date which Wm Farrer places as 1175- 85.

“ Geoffrey, Chaplain, do. IIQ5-1215. In a Deed quoted in the Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. XII, p. 256:— Henry, Clerk (Clerici), Heton 1369. Dalton. In Dodsworth’s Agbrigg Notes relating to Dalton. Thomas de Dalton, Clerk, Charta dated 1315. Robert Balle of Dalton, Clerk, do. 1330. Henry de Dalton, Chaplain, do. 1334.

Lepton. In Dodsworth’s Agbrigg Notes. Robert the Priest, son and heir of Thos. de Lepton. Charta dated 1323. Robert the Priest, son of Thomas the Clerk of Lepton. Charta dated 1324. Court Rolls of Kirkheaton:—

Hamond, Chaplain of Lepton Circa XIV century. Will of Henry Beaumont of Lassel Hall, Lepton. William Burton, Chaplain. 1468. Whitley. Will of Thos. Beaumont of Whitley Hall. Edward Beaumont, Chaplain (his son). 1495. John Carter, Chaplain. 1495.

Chantry Priests. In Quitclaim printed in Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. XII. Sr. John de Hopton, Celebrating in Honour of Saint Mary in Kirkheaton

Church. 1369. In Will of Thomas Woode of Heton. Sr. Thomas Wilson, Ladie Priest 1543.

CURATES OF KIRKHEATON. 1540. William Pulleyn. Mentioned as Curate in Will of Rd. Beaumont in 1540. 1552. Christopher Carter. Stated to be Curate in Commission as to the advowson in 1552. 1662. Caleb Stockport. 1668. Ralph Otes. He married Elizabeth Beaumont at Kirkheaton in 1669. He took a whole page of the Register book to record this entry. He was probably the eldest son of the Parliamentarian, Capt. Thomas Oates of Morley who was executed in 1663 for participating in the ‘‘ Farnley Wood

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1672. 1692.

1693. 1693. 1694.

1703. 1705.

1728.

1733.

1740.

1744. 1751.

KIRKHEATON.

Plot,” whose son Ralph—known to be an M.A. and a Clergyman, was also arrested, but turned King’s evidence and impeached his father and others. He was presented to the Rectory of Kirksmeaton in 1672, which corres- ponds with the date when Ralph Oates, the Curate of Kirkheaton left. He was Rector of Kirksmeaton for 52 yrs. and was buried there in 1724, aged 81. Edward Moorhouse. Thomas Blythe. He was afterwards Curate in Charge of Holmfirth, and died there, 1705. Thomas Empson. Robert Squire. Jonathan Midgley. Curate and Master of the Grammar School. Thomas Woodcock. Nicholas Aspinal. Married Ann, daughter of Thos. Clarke, Rector of Kirk- heaton. The Parish Registers contain the following memorandum as to the careless manner in which they were kept by him:—‘ The Register for ye years 1711 and 1712 are very imperfect we being forced to gather ye names from loose papers found in Mr. Aspinals ye late Curate, his study after his decease.”” He was buried at Kirkheaton in 1713. Samuel Allen. Afterwards Rector of Sandbach, co. Chester. He married Susanna, dau. of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, in 1729; their daughter Susanna married John Watson, M.A., F.S.A., Rector of Stockport, and author of the History of Halifax. Claudius Daubuz. He was the grandson of Isaie d’Aubus, Protestant pastor of Nerac, who endeavoured to escape from France on the Revoca- tion of the Edict of Nantes, but died at an Inn in Calais on his way to England, and was buried by night in the garden, his widow Julie, helping to dig the grave in 1686. She and her son Charles Daubuz reached England, and Charles became a sizar of Queen’s Coll., Cambridge; taking his B.A. degree in 1693, he was Master of the Sheffield Grammar School, 1696-1699, and Vicar of Brotherton from 1699 until his death in 1717. His son Claudius was born at Brotherton in 1704, he was B.A. of Catherine Hall, Cambridge, Curate of Kirkheaton, 1733-40; Vicar of Huddersfield, 1742-52, and Rector of Bilsthorpe, Notts., 1752 to his death in 1760. His sister Marie married Sir Joshua Vanneck, Bt. and their son was created Baron Huntingfield in 1706. Samuel Sandford, M.A. Curate of Kirkheaton 1740-44, Lecturer Halifax Parish Church 1745, and Vicar of Huddersfield 1752-59. His stipend at Kirkheaton was £30 per year. Lee Dawson. Matthew Topham. Two of his daughters are buried at Kirkheaton.

1754. John Taylor. He seems to have gone to Rothwell where he was Curate for

38 years; he is said to have been too fond of good living.

1755 and 1756. The number of Clergy officiating at Kirkheaton in this period makes

explanation difficult. This was during the closing years of Thos. Clarke,

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1757. 1761. 1768.

1777-

MINOR ECCLESIASTICS AND CURATES OF KIRKHEATON. 93

the then Rector’s life when he was in his 80th year, and perhaps too feeble to perform the Services of the Church, and they may have been giving him assistance. Possibly some were his old Scholars at Wakefield and Kirk- leatham. Their names are:— Wm. Mountjoy, who was then Curate and afterwards Vicar of Kirkburton. George Legh, Vicar of Halifax. Richard Fisher. Paul Maslen. John Armitage. Edward Nelson.

John Lythe. William Thurnber. John Horsfall. Afterwards Perpetual Curate of Hartshead. John Sunderland. He was a member of one of the numerous families of

Sunderland living in the neighbourhood of Heptonstall, Ripponden and Halifax, and in his Diary for 1779 to 1785 he writes:— “ Augt.1779. Went to Heptonstall, found my father better. Nov. 1779, My father came and brought Henry Cockcroft with him. June Preached at Heptonstall. May 1784. Went to Halifax, purchased my Uncle’s estate for £300.” He had previously mentioned an Uncle “ Richard’ who was probably this relative, but does not give his surname. He was born in 1752, and was licensed to the Parish Church, Almondbury, in 1775, with a stipend of £50. In 1777 he obtained the Curacy of Kirkheaton where he remained until 1815 ; he took the Degree of S.T.B. in 1795 at St. John’s Coll., Cambridge, being then in Priest’s Orders. He kept a private School for boys at Kirkheaton; during the Rectorate of Mr. Burton, this was at Daw Knowle, but later when Mr. Smithson succeeded to the Living and was non-resident, the Scholars were boarded at the Rectory. He was an ardent Sportsman and his short Diary contains repeated accounts of days spent shooting and hunting; in Jan. 1781 he records having his friends to dine after a “‘ Buckhunt.’’ He was evidently a convivial guest and often dined at Whitley Hall with Squire Beaumont, at Lascelles Hall and Rawthorpe with the Walkers, also at Dudmanston with the Armitages, and in 1784 he mentions dining with Sir John Kaye at Grange. In 1780 he preached a notable sermon at Kirkheaton, when France and Spain were in alliance with the thirteen American Colonies which had just declared their Independence of England, when British power was being defeated by Hyder Ali in India, and Gibraltar beseiged by the greatest armament ever previously brought against a Fortress. J. R. Green says “From the hour of Chatham’s death in 1778, England entered on a conflict with enemies whose circle gradually widened till she stood single-handed against the World.” Sunderland was asked to publish this Sermon and in his Diary he writes:—‘ Went with my sermon to John Brook to print after a fortnight’s hesitation.’’ A copy of this is before the writer and is certainly

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an eloquent and stirring homily. John Sunderland married 1st Hannah Taylor, who died in 1782; by her he had:—

1. Sutcliffe Sunderland born 1777. 2. Eliza born 1781, who married Joshua Tolson of Dalton.

Hannah born 1782, who married John Harrop Dransfield of Huddersfield. He married 2nd Susan Shillito of Glass Houghton and had:—

1. Rev. Ed. Sunderland, Chaplain to Sir Hy. Dymock of Scrivelsby, first

and last baronet, who held the ancient and hereditary Office of King’s Champion. Ed. Sunderland married and had Ed. and John Sunderland who were both in the service of the East India Company.

2. Hy. Sunderland who was buried at St. Mary’s, Walton, Liverpool. 3. Rev. Chas. Sunderland, M.A., of Eastville and Medville, co. Linc. who

married a daughter of Wm. Taylor of Lutton, and had:—Chas. Sunder- land-Taylor of Lutton House, Wisbech, born 1831. He assumed the additional name of Taylor by Royal Licence in 1871. John Sunderland resigned the Curacy of Kirkheaton in 1815, and retired to Painthorpe, nr. Wakefield, where he died in 1819, aged 67 years; he was buried in Kirkheaton Church yard. On his tomb there is a long latin inscription eulogizing his virtues.

1816. T. Fletcher. 1817. Thomas Rogers.

1820.

Henry Harrison. He was the son of Thomas Harrison of Stubhouse in the Parish of Harewood and St. Peter’s Square, Leeds. Thos. Harrison died at Kirkheaton Rectory, and was buried in the Chancel of the Church there in 1820, his wife Ann was also interred in the same vault in 1824. Henry Harrison, our Curate, was Domestic Chaplain to Lord Grantley and continued the School at the Rectory which he occupied during the non-residence of John Smithson. He lived towards the close of that long period of Ecclesi- astical laxity when the Clergy were not always as discreet as they should have been; old customs die slowly and he is said to have enjoyed an evening in the ‘“‘ Squire’s Room ” at the Kirkstile Inn in days when the punch-bowl was still considered indispensable to friendship.

1826. William Kettlewell. He married Mary, daughter of Samuel Midgley and

niece of the Rector John Smithson. He lived and carried on the School at the Rectory, and was gratefully and lovingly remembered by his old pupils one of whom was the writer’s father. He remained at Kirkheaton until his death in 1839, aged 48 years, and was highly esteemed by all who knew him. He was buried in the grave-yard of the beautiful Norman Church at Adel and a large number of his Parishioners at Kirkheaton formed a long funeral procession and walked to the boundary of the Parish at Colne Bridge behind the coffin as a last tribute of respect. His children were:—

1. Rev. Henry Kettlewell, buried at Adel, 1844, aged 27 years. 2. Wm. Christian Kettlewell of Leeds, buried at Adel, 1866, aged 46 years. 3. Rev. Samuel Kettlewell, M.A., D.D., who married Ann Elizabeth, only

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MICHAEL CROTTY.

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1839.

1842.

1843.

1850.

1851. 1854.

1864.

MINOR ECCLESIASTICS AND CURATES OF KIRKHEATON. 95

child and heiress of Samuel Eyres, the Armley millionaire, and widow of John Wilson of Armley Grange, by whom he had a son Hy. Wm. Kettle- well who assumed the name of Eyres and died in Naples in 1881. The Rev. Saml. Kettlewell died in 1893. 4. Margaret, buried at Adel, r88r. 5. Mary Jane, buried at Adel, 1905. In 1891 the Rev. Saml. Kettlewell gave the Stained glass window in the North Aisle of Kirkheaton Church, depicting the Crucifixion, in memory of his father, the Rev. Wm. Kettlewell. By his Will in 1894 he left {100 less Duty to the Rector in trust for the Poor of Kirkheaton. He was a prolific writer on Ecclesiastical subjects; he held the Lambeth D.D. degree, and his diploma was specially countersigned by Queen Victoria as a mark of her appreciation of his writings. George Alston, B.A. He married Annie Charlotte, daughter of Sir Henry Oxenden, Bart., of Broom Park, co. Kent; she died 1841 and there is a tablet to her memory in the Chancel at Kirkheaton. George Alston was afterwards of Nayland, co. Suffolk. Richard Barber. Son of Wm. Barber, Vicar of Duffield and brother of the second wife of Christopher Alderson, Rector of Kirkheaton. Michael Crotty. An Irishman by birth who had seceded from the Church of Rome of whom John Beaumont of Ravensknowle made a sketch in the fly-leaf of his Prayer Book. William Tatlock. Left Kirkheaton for the Curacy at the Huddersfield Parish Church in 1851. Henry Fisher. Newton Rossendale Lloyd. Son of Chas. Arthur Albany Lloyd, M.A. Rector of Whittington, and brother of the third wife of Christopher Alderson, M.A., Rector of Kirkheaton. He was born in 1817, entered St. David’s Coll., Lampeter in 1844 and Ordained 1846. His first Curacy was in Birmingham ; he came to Kirkheaton in 1854 and was the first Vicar of Mold Green Church, consecrated in 1863; in 1864 he resigned that living and was instituted Vicar of Milnsbridge, where he remained until his death in 1893. He left an only daughter who married the Rev. F. Campbell of Torquay. The Rossendale Lloyds were an old family. William Ffoliatt.

1869. George Shirley Terry. Afterwards third Vicar of Mold Green in succession to

1869.

Rev. Mr. Clarke. Albert William Baldwin. OfSt. Aidan’s College; ordained 1867; held Curacies at Linthwaite, Golcar, and Northallerton; later he was Prison Chaplain at York, Hull, and Wormwood Scrubbs. He married Martha Carr, one of whose ancestors is said to have been the cousin of Horatio, Lord Nelson, the hero of Trafalgar. With other children he had a son Christopher Edmund Baldwin, J.P. of Blyth, who married Ethel Mary Baines, daughter of W. M. Baines of Bell Hall, Naburn, in 1903. The Rev. A. W. Baldwin died in 1922-3.

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1874. W. H. Williamson. Married Kate Watkinson of Greenlea, Dalton, sister of T. B. Watkinson of Rawthorpe Hall. Afterwards Vicar of Holy Trinity, Ipswich, where he died about 1919. 1878. Thomas Clossdavis. 1884. Christopher Tennant. He had been a sailor in the Merchant Service in his younger days. 1889. Charles Ernest Russell Robinson, B.A., of Oxford. He was related to the Rev. Charles Best Robinson Norcliffe of Langton Hall, nr. Malton. He died 1902. 1891. James Ralph Schofield. B.A. of St. John’s Coll., Cambridge; son of jas. Hy. Schofield of Whitworth, nr. Rochdale. Afterwards Vicar of Whitworth, and later Vicar of Bourton, Dorset. 1895. Percy L. Snowden. Son of Rev. Edmund Snowden, Vicar of St. Thomas’, Huddersfield. He was Vicar of Hepworth, nr. Huddersfield, and later Vicar of Hope-under-Dinmore, co. Hereford. 1899. Rupert Percival Alexander Hewgill. M.A. of Cambridge, son of Frank Hewgill of the Royal Irish Constabulary. He is Canon of Adelaide, Australia, and Rector of Walkerville. His great-grandfather Major General Edwin Hewgill was private secretary to Frederick Duke of York, in 1797. Major General Hewgill was on very friendly terms with the Duke of York, and Canon Hewgill has a number of intimate and personal letters written to his ancestor. The Duke was the second son of George the Third. His younger brother, the Duke of Cambridge, is remembered by his grotesque habit of making loud responses of his own invention during the Service in Church: “Let us pray,” said the clergyman. “ By all means,” said the Duke. The clergyman began the Prayer for rain, and the Duke exclaimed: “No good as long as the wind is in the East.’’ Clergyman: “ Zacchaeus stood forth and said, “‘ Behold Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor.” Duke: ‘‘ Too much! Too much! don’t mind tithes, but can’t stand that.” To two of the Commandments which the reader must discriminate, the Duke’s responses were: “ Quite right! Quite right! but very difficult at times,” and ‘‘ No! No! it was my brother did that.” igor. William Outram. M.A. of Cambridge; son of Sir Francis Boyde Outram, Bt., and grandson of Lieut. General Sir James Outram, Bt., the hero of Lucknow. He was afterwards Vicar of Kirkburton, and now Vicar of Stubbings, nr. to Maidenhead, and married Haidee, dau. of Henry Frederic Beaumont of Whitley Hall, Huddersfield in 1904. 1904. Joseph F. Prince. M.A. of Cambridge. Afterwards Vicar of Silkston, co. York, and now Vicar of Askham, co. Westmorland and Chaplain to the Earl of Lonsdale. 1905. Thomas Kenyon. Married Emily, daughter of Archdeacon Gell, of the Isle of Man. He was afterwards Vicar of Lepton, and now Vicar of Rashcliffe, Huddersfield.

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CHAPTER XXI.

THE PARISH CLERK.

REMARKABLE feature in the conduct of our modern Church Service is the A disappearance, and painless extinction, of the old Parish Clerk who figured so prominently in the ritual dear to the hearts of our forefathers. The Clerk no longer leads the Choir in the West Gallery, where they made strange noises, and sang curious tunes, the echo of which we try in vain What terrible psalms they sang! Think of the poetical beauties of Tate and Brady’s version peeled forth with vigour by a bald-headed Clerk. “‘My hairs are numerous, but few Compared to the enemies that me pursue! ”’ It was of such a Clerk, and of such a Psalmody, that, in the XVIIth century, the Earl of Rochester wrote:

“ Sternhold and Hopkins had great qualms When they translated David’s Psalms, To make the heart more glad, But had it been poor David’s fate To hear thee sing and them translate, By Jove it would have drove him mad.” The Clerk having read out the Psalm or Hymn in a stentorian voice, would pull out his “ pitch-pipe ”’ from the dusty cushions of his seat, in the lowest tier of the three-decker pulpit, walk down the Aisle with pompous step, ascend the creaking stairs to the Gallery, and blow his pipe, when there would be a strange sound of tuning instruments—then, standing well to the front of the loft, with uplifted hand as conductor, singers and musicians wailed forth a discordant melody, the Bassoon vying with the Serpant, the Cello with the Fiddle, and the Hautboy with the Flute. They were all so proud of their performance, it was the only part of the service during which no one slept. No one could sleep through such a frightful din. Some of the other duties of the Parish Clerk. Clericus Parochialis. (Gasquit’s Mediaeval Parish Life). I. Before the Reformation he was also known as the ‘‘ Water Bearer,’’ for he carried the “ Holy Water ” with which the people were sprinkled by the Priest before Mass. z. He had to open the door of the Church at six o’clock and have the Chalice and Missal ready for the Parish Priest who said Mass. 3. He had the general care of the Church, had the floor swept when it needed it and the snow removed from the roof. 4. At Festivals he helped the Churchwardens to array the High Altar and Rood—in Lent with Lenten cloths—and to hang the Veil in the Choir.

97 v

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5. Tocover the Pulpit with a Pall of fine purple cloth when any Doctor preached. 6. Vested in his surplice or gown, to accompany the Parson when he took the Sacrament to the house of the sick. 7. To teach the children of the Parish their Prayers and Creed. The story is told of a Clerk in a neighbouring Parish who was also Precentor, being in the habit of selecting tunes suited to his own style of singing to the exclusion of the tastes of others. On one occasion the 42nd Psalm was ordered which in the old version, runs as follows:— “ Like as the hart doth pant and bray The well springs to obtain.”’ etc. At the rehearsal he announced that this would have to be sung to a certain tune, but his colleagues objected; the old man however was resolute, and said that whatever happened he should lead off with it. Sunday came, the Psalm was given out and the Clerk started the offending tune, when there was a dead silence no one else joining in. ““ What,” he said, turning to the singing gallery, “ is nooan on yer bairn ta tay’ old ?.” “ Noa,” one of them called out, “ tha may pant and bray by thysel.”

CHAPTER XXII.

REGISTERS, BRIEFS AND BENEFACTIONS.

PARISH REGISTERS. “In the small compass of this Iron Chest, The Annals of nine generations rest, The mute memorials of their smiles and tears, Brief cogent records of thrice ninety years. Faded their fear, forgotten is their joy, And all the eager hope that could decoy. The Clerk with careless hand the parchment blears, A catalogue of names all that appears, With thoughtful mind we scan the yellow pages That tell scant story of successive ages, Read the short notice of a long past wedding, How one was born, who overleaf they’re burying.”

that the earlier ones were taken away when the Rev. Richard Sykes was ‘‘ thrust out of the living by the Parliament of Cromwell.’”’ The opening pages of the first extant volume are signed by his successor, the Rev. Christopher Richardson.

Registers at Kirkheaton do not commence until 1653 and it seems probable

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REGISTERS AND BRIEFS. 99

There are transcripts at York for part of the period 1600-1640, but in that Registry also, about 15 out of these 40 years are either missing or misplaced. The Kirkheaton Register is a large one, and naturally contains the story of many births, marriages and deaths in all the families of the neighbourhood, both rich and poor. It is not within the scope of these annals to give these entries, voluminous and vast, with the exception of three—one, showing the careless manner in which these records have occasionally been kept at Kirkheaton, and, alas! in so many other parishes also, the other two, although widely different in circumstance, have both the same touch of exile and pathos !

“Memoranda. The register for ye years 1711 and 1712 are very imperfect, we being forced to gather ye names from loose papers found in Mr. Aspinals (ye late Curate) his study after his Decease.”’ “ and Nov., 1782, Daniel Whitley, an Ethiopian by birth, from the Coast of Guinea, living at R. Hy. Beaumont’s Esq., Whitley Hall, baptised.” “ 8th December 1787. Daniel Whitley, an Ethiopian, Buried.” “28th December 1804. William Thomas Mahy, son of William Francis Mahy, Baron ‘Cormeré, Commissary General of Old France, and Anna Preton, his wife. Born in Kingston, Jamaica, 24th June 1795. Baptised at Kirkheaton.”’

Someone has said :— Old France! How full of brilliant joy and bitter anguish are the words! They bring to mind the extravagance and gaiety of Versailles, so ruthlessly followed by the blood-stained scaffold of the Revolution. They recall a nobility abolished by the National Assembly of 1790, which decreed that all citizens take their family names, and two years later burnt 600 volumes of the records of the Aristocracy at the foot of the statue of Louis Quatorze; they tell of murder and exile, of charred and ruined chateaux, of possessions confiscated, and above all of Marie Antoinette insulted, vilified, and guillotined to please a raving mob, while her child the Dauphin is done to death by the inhuman cruelties of his jailer, Simon, the Cobbler. After the execution of Marie Antoinette of Loraine and Austria, Queen of France and Navarre, the sexton of the Madeleine Cemetery sent the following bill to the President of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

“Le 25me Vendémiaire An. IIT. Veuve Capet. Cercueil 6. livres. Fosse et fossoyeur. 25. livres.”

What words can express more forcibly the gross depravity and hatred of the people, or speak so pathetically of the daughter of Emperors and wife of a King. As in other old Parish Churches “ Briefs’ were collected at Kirkheaton and recorded in the Register books, of which the following is an example of the casual manner in which they were often treated.

“ Memoranda that wee the Churchwardens of the parish of Kirkheaton have received of a Brief or Letter patent for a town in the County of Norfolk called Cromer alias Chipdon, the sum of five shillings and ten pence which was gathered in our parish Church December 1664. The Brief being both out of date and likewise never demanded of us since it was gathered wee have put itin the Common Box and distributed it to the Poor of the Parish of Kirkheaton and

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100 KIRKHEATON.

if it be called for hereafter we do desire that it may be paid out of the Common Box money, for it was put in thither for their use. Witness our hands the fifth of April 1665. Samuel Jepson. William Hobson. William Wilson. Christopher Brooke. Joseph Walton. John Caiyhi. (Qu: Kaye).” A Brief was a Letter Patent authorizing the collections for the repair or rebuilding of Churches, or the relief of persons who had suffered loss by fire, storm, or flood. About the middle of the XVIIIth century, owing to their growing frequency, it was ordered that they should only be granted on application to Quarter Sessions. They date from Elizabethan days until their abolition in 1828. The usual form of the Quarter Sessions series of briefs was as follows :-— ‘“ Whereas His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace at the Quarter Sessions of. . . . are certified under the hands of..... that the very ancient structure of the Parish Church is so much decayed in every part thereof that it must be rebuilt etc.” Or “that upon the dayof...... there happened a most violent and sudden fire in the dwellings Of destroying all their goods and chattels etc. Therefore the said Justices desire the several Ministers, Curates, and Churchwardens of the several Churchesof........ to publish this order in open assembly and collect the charitable benevolence of their parishioners—Trustees and receivers.” .... .

BENEFACTORS TO THE PARISH OF KIRKHEATON.

For further particulars see Charity Commissioners Reports. 1589. Rev. Robert Gibson, Rector of this Parish by his Will proved in 1589, left £10 to be lent on Security to the poorer sort of his parishioners, who through dearth are decayed in their occupations and trades. (This charity is lost). 1613. John Souyer of this parish by his Will proved im 16173, left £4 to the parish of Kirkheaton to be put forth for ever to 4 poor honest men of the same parish for XXd. a pound yearly by the advice and counsell of Mr. Stocke, Clerk, Parson of Kirkheaton and the Churchwardens, with the consent of some other chiefe men of the parish for his and their tyme beinge, and so con- tynuallie by the advice and counsell of such Parsons, Churchwardens, and chiefe men as shall succeed from tyme to tyme in the said parishe. And the saide Mr. Stocke, Churchwardens, and other chiefe men and their successors shall collect and gather the said X Xd. for every pounde yearlie and divide yt to such poore of the same parishe at the feast of Xmas or Easter as they in their discretion shall thinke to stand most in neede thereof, (This Charity is lost). ante 1619 Rev. Alexander Stocke, Rector of this Parish and others whose names are unknown were the donors of Kirkheaton school before 1619. (See his Will). ‘1626. Rev. Alexander Stocke Rector of this parish, by his Will proved in 1626,

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REGISTERS AND BRIEFS. IOI

charged his lands with Ten shillings per annum for the maintenance of the School. This is now a rent charge on Rose and Crown Farm, Golcar. By virtue of the Board of Education Act, 1899, Section 2 and of the Board’s Orders in Council 1900 to 1902, the Rev. Alex Stocke’s Charity to Kirk- heaton School has been transferred to that Board, and vested in {26 17s. 7d. India 3 per cent. Stock. 1637. Mr. Robert Gibson by his Will dated 1637 left to the Mercers’ Company £50 to be lent at 5 per cent. interest, and the income to be laid out in coal for the poor of the parishes of Kirkheaton and Huddersfield. The Kirkheaton moiety of the redemption and accumulation of this bequest was transferred to the Charity Commissioners in 1896 and invested in £80 1s. 8d. Consols. The income therefrom is distributed with Lee’s Charity to the poor of the four townships of this parish. (See Charity Com. Reports). 1639. Henrie Hepworth of this parish by his Will proved in 1639 left 50/- to the poor people of the township of Kirkheaton to be paid over to the Parson of Kirkheaton and Richard Hepworth, nephew of the donor, and son of Christopher Hepworth to be by them put forth so that the yearly use and increase thence arising, may by the said Parson and his successors, Parsons of Kirkheaton, and by the Churchwardens of Kirkheaton for the time being for ever, and by the said Richard Hepworth, his hrs. exors. or ads. or by the greater part of them, whereof the sd. Parson to be one, be paid and discharged yearly to the most impotent and needful poor of the said parish for ever. (This charity is lost). ante 1671 Mr. Lee, a Bridler of London, gave {100 to be laid out in lands and the rent distributed to the poor of this Parish, with which sum the Cowheys, Dalton, was purchased in 1671. The realization of this estate was invested by the Charity Commissioners in 1888 in £2906 18s. 11d. India 3 per cent. Stock. The income therefrom is distributed on St. Thomas’ Day to the poor of the four townships of this parish by the Trustees and Churchwardens. 1685. Mr. William Lyley of Lofthouse, by his Will proved in 1685, charged his lands in the township of Kirkheaton with the yearly payment of £5 for teaching ten poor children in the Free school of Kirkheaton. This is now a rent charge on property, bounded on the East by Shop Lane, North by Town Bottom, West by Whitley Beaumont Estate, South by premises of Ainley Sons and Co., vested in Sarah Ann Schofield, Alexander Jessop, Mary Ann Turner, Exors. Edward Cooper Armitage and Kirkheaton Oddfellows Society. 1704. Mr. Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, by his will proved in 1704, charged his manors with the yearly payment of {20 to the townships of Kirkheaton and Lepton in equal shares, to apprentice two poor boys from each. This rent charge is still paid by the estate, but accumulations of surplus income have been transferred to the Charity Commissioners and invested in Consols; for Kirkheaton £265 rgs. 6d. and, for Lepton £44 8s. 4d. The income there- from is devoted to the schools of these townships. 1708. Rev. Thomas Clark, Rector of this Parish by his Will proved in 1708, left £20 to the Parishes of Kirkheaton and Huddersfield to be laid out in lands or put out at interest, as the Ministers and chief inhabitants of the said parishes

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102

1719.

1754.

1767.

1844.

1882.

1893.

1907.

1922.

KIRKHEATON.

do think fit, the interest and profits to be distributed amongst ye poor of ye said parishes, that are industrious and yet needful, but constant frequenters of ye Church, yearly upon the feast of St. Thomas ye Apostle.

(So far as Kirkheaton is concerned this Charity is lost.) There is a glimpse of this Charity in the Constable’s Acconnts for 1750 and 1756 where there are entries of 2/6 having been paid to the Churchwarden as ‘‘ Mr. Clark’s interest money.’’ Then all record of it ceases.

Mrs. Frances Beaumont of Whitley Hall by her Will proved in 1719, left {100 to be laid out in lands and the rents therefrom to be for the teaching of poor children by the schoolmaster of Kirkheaton, with which sum property was purchased at Ossett. In 1882 this estate was sold, part of the proceeds being applied towards the erection of St. John’s Infant School, Kirkheaton, and the remainder invested by the Charity Commissioners in £754 12s. 6d. India 3 per cent. Stock. Rev. Thomas Clarke, Rector of this Parish, by his Will proved in 1754 left £10 to be laid out in such manner as Sir William Lowther of Swillington, George Legh, Clerk, Doctor of Laws, and Christopher Driffield, Clerk, shall direct, tor the parish of Kirkheaton. (This Charity is lost.) Mr. William Bedford, by his Will dated 1767, left £30 to the poor of Whitley Upper, which was applied to the erection of four Cottages at Raw Fold. An income of £1 Ios. is now paid out of rents from Township lands and distributed with the Whitley Upper portion of Lee’s Charity. Mr. Richard Henry Beaumont of Whitley Hall by Deed Poll dated 1844 granted three perches of land for the enlargement of Kirkheaton School. Mr. Hefford Ainley of Kirkheaton, by indenture dated 1882, granted the site of St. John’s Infant School, Kirkheaton. Rev. Samuel Kettlewell, D.D., of Eastbourne, by his Will proved in 1893, left the net sum of £90 which was invested by the Charity Commissioners in £88 15s. 6d. Consols, the income therefrom to be distributed to the poor of the parish of Kirkheaton at the discretion of the Rector. Mrs. Mary Ogden Gledhill of Greenhead, Dalton, by her Will proved in 1907, gave to the persons or person who should at her death be the Churchwardens or Churchwarden of the parish of Kirkheaton, the sum of {100 to be applied by them or him for the general purposes of the Parish Church of Kirkheaton, and for promoting the services thereat, or the repair or alteration of the said Church, or the purchase of fittings or other articles for the purposes of the said Church and the services thereof in such manner as such Churchwardens or Churchwarden shall determine. Legh Tolson of Barton House, Pooley Bridge, in the County of Westmorland, formerly of Ravensknowle, Dalton, Kirkheaton, County York, gave £1000, 24 per cent. Consols, upon trust to the Charity Commissioners that the dividends arising therefrom may for ever hereafter be paid to the Rector and Churchwardens for the time being of the Parish of Kirkheaton, as local Trustees for the upkeep of the walks and the cutting of the grass in the Graveyard of the Parish Church of Kirkheaton aforesaid, where many generations of his family lie at rest.

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ar on Dawson.—I enclose cheque value £200 towards the Sore want in memory of my dear Sisters. Kirkheaton P.C.C. has indeed many demands on its finance and you have much responsibility. I am sure it is expedient to get the organ installed as soon as possible. With kind regards to Mrs. Dawson. Yours

sincerely, Muriel Tolson. Kindly insert the following notice in the Rectory copy of

“Kirkheaton” by Legh Tolson. Towards the Organ Fund, June 1956. ; Muriel Tolson gave £200 in memory of her dear Sisters :— Margaret Dorothy Jowitt, Huddersfield; Jessy Flynn, Scarborough and Mercy Vera Ainley, Scarborough (Daughters of Whiteley and Jessy Tolson) who at an early age were taught to minister to others ; and by the grace of God never lost this service and its joy. We are deeply grateful to Miss Tolson and have carried out

her wishes.

CHAPTER XXIII.

SOME CURIOUS AND INTERESTING BEQUESTS TO THE CHURCH, ETC., ALL OF WHICH ARE EXHAUSTED OR LOST.

1465. Henry Beaumont. My best beast for mortuary according to custom. Two cows to the service of Blessed Mary of Heton of the value of 8/- each. To the High Altar rad. To William Burton, Chaplain 6d. To the Fabric of the Bell Tower 40/-. For buying bells or having them hung 40/-, on condition that they begin to make that Bell Tower within 4 years next following. If not the aforesaid 6 marks shall be distributed for the health of my soul. 1471 (Qy. 1469) Richard Beamond. In the name of a mortuary my best animal. To the High Altar of Heton 2/-. To the Hospital of St. Thomas of Canterbury 40d. To the Brotherhood of Knaresborough 12d. To the Friars of the Order of St. Francis of Doncaster 2/-. To the Friars of the Order of St. Augustine of Tickhill 2/-. To the preaching Friars of Pontefract 20d. 1489. John Byngley. My best animal for my mortuary. To the High Altar for forgotten offerings XIId. Tothe Bells IIIs. To the service of the B.V.M. a swarm of bees. 1490. John Clayton. My best animal by way of my mortuary as is the custom. To the Rector of Heton 2/-. Tothe service of the B.V.M. a heifer. To the fabric of the Church for the repair of the Horbury Lane 12d. To the Abbot and Convent of Bylands 3/4 to pray for my soul. To Robert my son 6 marks yearly for 4 years from the iron mine of the said tenement (Wodehouse) with its appurts if the said iron mine happens to continue. 1495. Thomas Beaumont. To the Rector of Heton my best animal by way of mortuary. To the High Altar of the same Church for my forgotten tithes 3/4. For the service of Blessed Mary a cow worth 8/-. 1510. William Dawtre, Rector. To the Church of Heton my old vestments with Alb and other things purtain- . ing to the same, and a book called ‘“‘ Legends of the Saints” and a great chest bound with iron. 1517. Edward Wod. My best animal by way of mortuary. To the High Altar of the Church of St. John Baptist of Heton, ‘‘meum polumtum campestre”’! To the Altar of

1 This should probably be ‘“‘meum polymitum campestre’”’ meaning “my embroidered girdle.” In ecclesiastica. use the girdle is the band with which the priest secured the Alb about the waist. Formerly it was flat, broad, and highly adorned.

103

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Blessed Mary of that Church a cow. To the Repairing of the Plate VIs. VIIId. 1527. John Bruke. My best goods to be my corcessante. (Mortuary). 1532. John Wharom. Unto the Hie Aulter in the parish churche of Heton for tithes forgotten if there be any such for to be XIId. 1533. Edward Thewles. Unto the nedes of the Church of Heton XIId. To the Church Warkes of Heton Vis. VITId. 1533. Henry Hepworth. My mortuarie acording to the valor of my guddes. To the Hie Altar of Heton Church VId. for my tithes forgotten not duly tithed and offered. 1536. John Hepworthe. To the hye Altar in Heton Church for tythes forgotten if there happon anye such for to be XIId. 1537. Richard Langley. To the highe Altar for my tithes and offerings forgotten VIs. VIIId. To the Church warke if it go forwards XIIIs. And to our ladie service VIIIs. 1540. Richard Beamonde. To the hie Altare at the churche of Heton 3/4. To the common boxe XIId. VIII stokes to the upholdynge and the maintenynge of the ladie service at Heton VII of them is of VIIIs. a stoke, and the eighte stoke is of Xs. To Richard Beamonde the son of Roger Beamonde my chales with all other ornaments that I have pertaining to my chapell.! I will that XXs. be dwyded emongst power people at Ester the next ensuynge at the oversight and discretion of Sr. William Pullen and Sr. James Tode. 1543. Thomas Woode. To the hie Altare at Heton XIId. To the hie Altare at Myrfielde XIId. To Sir William Pullan, Curate XIId. To Sir Thomas Wilson, ladie preste XIId. 1543. John Lile. To the Sacrament at the said Church IIIs. I[IId. To the ladie service of Heaton one cowe worth XVIs. to make towe stokes for the easement of the Township of Heaton. 1545. John Wode. To the hie altare one kirchief the price VIIId. 1545. William Clayton. To my mortuarie according to the King’s acts. 1545. Edward Copple. To the hie Altar 2/-. To Horberie Bridge XIId. and to Cowme Bridge XIid. 1546. Edmund Batley. To the hie Altar XIId. To Sir William Pulleyne XXd.

1 Query. Was this the Chapel of St. Mary in Kirkheaton Church, or a private Chapel at Whitley, or again had the Chalice been removed in anticipation of the dissolution of the Chantries? See p. x, of the preface of Vol. 91, Surtees Soc.

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CURIOUS AND INTERESTING BEQUESTS.- 105

1546. Robert Shepperde. To the high Altar to be prayed for 20d. 1546. John Brooke. To the high Altar r2d., To Horburie Bridge 3/4. 1547. Roger Thewles. To the hie altare within the said Church XIId. Unto the amending and repayring of hie ways within the said parish of Heton in places requisite most Vis. VIIId. To the amendinge of Horburie bridge, XIIIs. IIIId.

1548. Thomas Northe. To the high Altar r2d. To the Common box 8d.

1549. Richard Hepworthe. To the hie Altar VIIId. To the Common box 11d. 1549. Thomas Carter. To the highe Altar XIId. To the Common box XIId. I give Xs. to be disposed of for the of my saull. 1552. John Woods. My mortuarie, to be paid to the parson according to the King’s most gracious actes. To the power folk of Lepton half a quarter of Rie. 1557. John Clayton. To the parson for recompense of tithes forgotten XIId. 1558. Thomas Crostwhate. Unto the blessed Sacrament at Kyrkeheaton for my tythes forgotten 3/4. Unto the blessed Sacrament at Sherburne for my tythes forgotten, 3/4., Unto the blessed Sacrament at Fenton for my tythes forgotten 2/-. Unto Sir Christopher of Fryston 6/8 to pray for my sowll. I will that 40/- shall be taken yearly for 3 years out of my lands in Horberrie which shall be distributed yearly to the most poor in the parishes of Shereburne and Kyrkheaton viz. 20/- in each parish 1558. John Wodd, the elder. To the poore men’s box within Heton church XIId. 1562. Thomas Lyiee. I give to the poor man’s boxe, XIId. 1562. George Thewles. I give to the comon box XIId.

1566. Adam Hochonson. To the Common Box within the parish church of Kirkheaton 2/- towards

the relief of the poor within the same parish. 1567. John Dysone. I will that the parson of the said churche of Heton and for the time being shall have his mortuary of my holle goods according to the statute law last provided for payment of mortuarie. 1571. John Kaye. To the poor of Dalton as follows:—To Hool’s wife 12d., to Firthe’s wife 12d., to John Parkyn’s children 2/-. To the poor of Heaton 3/-. To the poor of Emlye 4/-. To the inhabitants of Shelley and their heirs or successors for ever 3/4 on

P

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106 KIRKHEATON.

St. Andrew’s Day out of my Manor of Shelley in occupation of Edward Scorer and William Bynnes. To the repair of the East End of Agbrigge 10/- To the mending of the highway betwixt old Barnsley and Boughbrook, 5/-. 1572. Agnes Lillie. To Roberte Woods, parson of the Parish church of Kirkheaton, 3/4. 1572. John Beamonte. To the poore men’s boxe of Heaton XIId. 1573. Richarde Sympson. To the Common box within the Parish Church of Kirkeheaton 2/- towards the reliefe of the most poore and ympotent in the said parish. 1573. Johanne Thewlesse. To the poor men’s box within the parish church of Heaton 8d. 1573. John Thewles. To the poor men’s box within the parish church of Heaton, 8d. 1573. Thomas Wodd. I give to the common boxe within the parish church of Heton 2/- towards the reliffe of the most poor and nedie in the said parish. 1574. Beamonte. To the common boxe within the parish churche of Kirkheaton 2/- towards the relief of the most poor and impotent within the said parish. 1576. Rosamond Pilkington. The parson of Heaton for the time being shall have his mortuarie of my goods according to the late act provided by parliament. I will that my Exors. distribute among the poorest people of the parish of Heton six strookes of Rie. 1577. Edmonde Hutchinson. I give unto the parson of Kirkheaton for Tythes forgotten XIId. I give unto the poore of the Township of Lepton VIs. VIIId. to be distributed at the discretion of John Kockhill and Richard Wood. Whereas Adam Hutchenson my father did charge me with 3/4 to be paid to the church of Kirkheaton or the needes thereof as may appear by his Will. I will that the same be paid at the discretion of the above. No date. Lowrance Beamond. First I give 4d. to the poor man’s box. 1581. William Broke. To the poor of this parish 20/- to be distributed at the discretion of Mr. Longley, Mr. Parson, and my brother John Broke. No date. Edward Richerdson. To the poor man’s box of Kyrkheaton, 4d. 1582. James Northe. To the poore of Dalton and Heaton parish a Wyndle of Rye, to be distributed at the discretion ot my sons, John Northe of Bank Ende, and Richard Wood. 1584. John Coggell. I give to the poor of Burton 5/-, of Almondbury 5/-, of Hutherfeild 5/-, of Kirkeheaton 10/-.

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CURIOUS AND INTERESTING BEQUESTS. 107

1587. Richard Hepworthe. I give to the poor in our township a mett of Corne, one stroke of Rye, and one stroke of Shillinge. 1587. Robert Gibson, parson. To the poorest sort of my parishioners 20 strokes of Rie. 1588. Richard Thewels. To the poor of the parish church of Kirkheaton, 1 load of Rie to be divided amongst them. 1593. Humfray Armytage. I give to the poor of Kyrkeheaton 2/-. I give to the poor of Almondbury, 3/4. I give to the poor of Huddersfelde, 3/4. 1593. Adam Copley. To the poor of Heaton and Lepton 10/-. To the poor of Almondbury and Farneley, 10/- 1598. Robert Woods. To the poor people in Kirkheaton parish 3/4. 1599. Edmond Gibsonne. To the poor of Heaton to be distributed by the advice of Alexander Stocke, Parson of Heaton, and of the Churchwardens there 13/4. 160z. Ann Thewles. To the poor of the parish 20/-, and the most part of that 20/- to be dis- tributed in Dalton and Lepton. To the ringers 4/-. 1606. Henrie Parkin. I will that £6 be bestowed at my funeral. I give 3/4 towards the repair of the Cawsey betwixt Church and the Ox close. To the poor in Heaton parish 20/- to be divided by Mr. Stockes and the Churchwardens. 1624. John Horsfall. XXs. to my loving Pastor Mr. Stock. {£5 to John Ramsden of Lacell Hall, Gent., Alex. Stock, Parson of Kirkheaton, and Joseph Stock Master of Arts, son of the said Alex., to be invested in land for the use of the poor of Kirkheaton. (Will of John Horsfall, Tanner, of Boys Hall, Kirkheaton. Proved at York in 1624). 1631. Sir Richard Beamont. Whereas I am Rector of the Parsonage of Sandall in the Co. of York, I give all the tithes of corn and hay therefrom to my nephews Leonard Wray, Esq., Richard Pilkington, Gent., and Thomas Wray, Gent, brother of the said Leonard, in trust to secure to the Church of Sandall £20 a year. I give to the poor people of the Township of Huddersfield £20, to the poor of the Township of Almonburie £10, and to the poor of the parish of Kirkeheaton £30 to be distributed by my Executors by and at the discretion of the Parson of Heaton and of the Vicars of Almondburie and Huddersfield and of the Church- wardens and Overseers for the poor of the same or the greater part of them respectively. I give to Richard Sikes parson of Kirkheaton a 20/- gold piece. I give to Mr. Croslands, Vicar of Almondburie 20/- to make a Ring with the inscription, ‘‘ Pignus amoris et fidei.”

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108 KIRKHEATON.

1639. Richard Richardson. To my friend Mr. Sykes, parson of Kirkheaton 5/- to-buy a pair of gloves, and if he preach my funeral sermon then 15/- more. 1653. Richard Pilkington of Daw Green Crigglestone by his Will proved 1653 left £5 to the poor of Kirkheaton. (Yorks. Arch. Soc. Record., Vol. IX, p. 50). 1655. Adam Beaumont. To the poor of Kirkheaton £10. 1690. Thomas Dickens. I do give and bequeath to the poor of Kirkeheaton the sume of six shillings and eight pence yeareley as long as the lease I have of Colne Bridge Forge shall continue and to be paid and distributed by my son Thomas on St. Thomas Day in every yeare with the Cow Hey money. 1718. John Langley of (Rawthorpe), Dalton. To the poor of Dalton £5.

CHAPTER XXIV.

TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS ACCOUNTS.

OPIES of Terriers are preserved at Kirkheaton, the oldest of these for 1663 is , bound into the first volume of the Registers.

** A Terrier of all the Glebe Lands, Messuages, and Cottages, belonging unto the Parsonage of Kirkheaton here Registered by Order of the Churchwardens of the said Parish in the fifteenth year of the Reign of Charles the Second, by the Grace of Gop, King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and in the Year of Our Lord, 1663” ‘“ Imprymis in the possession of the Parson :— The Parsonage House near the Church, one Barn standing with the Fold-stead, the Fold-stead, one Garden, one Mistall or Beast-house, Laith-garth, Kitchen-Garth, Church-yard, one Meadow called Kirk-Ing bounding on the Church-yard and one other meadow called Kitchen-Ing both of which contain five acres and a half, one other meadow called the Round-Ing containing three acres,* one meadow called the Ox-close containing seven acres; one meadow called Fletcher Croft containing four acres, and the Parson’s Wood, containing three acres.” Then follow the names of four other portions of the Glebe which do not appear to have been occupied by the Rector, viz: the Spittle Royde, five acres; the South Royde, two acres; the Barley Storres, two acres; and the Nab, two acres. These are succeeded by a list of tenants, the situation and area of whose lands are not mentioned. The Terrier for 1743 is more interesting :— ““ The Glebe lands, Messuages, and Cottages, together with an account of the Tyths, Rights, and Dues, belonging to the Rectory of Kirkheaton. Given at the primary Visitation of the Most Reverend Father in Gop, Thomas, Lord Archbishop of York, in the Seventeenth year of the Reign of George the second of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc. and in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Forty Three. Imprimus. A Parsonage House, Barn, Stable, Pigeon-cote, Garden, and a small piece of ground from the farther garden-wall to the water-side, Foldstead, Watercourse, and a little Croft behind the Barn with other Conveniences and Easements thereto belonging.

* The site of the present Rectory.

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TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS’ ACCOUNTS. 10g

arn p Item. A Close where the New Parsonage now stands called the Round Ing . 3. O Item. A Close called Kitchen Ing, the Church yard and a close called Church-Ing . 5s Bs, 05 Item. The Meadow called the Ox Close . a 7. Oo O Item. A Close of pasture called the Flecher Croft 4. Oo

These in the Possession of the Piso A Close called the Parson’s Wood let to Wm. Armitage 3. 0, Five days work in the Upper Field and five days work in the — Field called Upper Shutts in the possession of Valentine Senior mA Three little Closes called Spittle Royde let to Jno. Mallinson .. i a A Close called the South Royde let to James Medley .. 2. O% O. A Close called Barley Storrs, another called the Far Nabbs, a in ihe West Field, called the Cutts, with the West Ing in the possession of Geo. Parking se 5. O& O, House and Barn, two Crofts the New ‘Durrand’s Close, the ‘Clerk’s Croft. Two days work in the Lower Field and half an acre in the West

an 2 9 oo

Field, let to Widow Greenhold 5. Two days work in the West Field and a Close called in the possession of Richard Brooke 2. 0. O Two days work in the Upper Field and one dag in the West Field let John Daliffe 2 I. 0.

House, Cottage and Bane, two — of 1 one in Hive Bald Greave Field and the other in the New Field, in the possession of Widow

Grime .. I, 2 0. House, Barn, one Croft, set a the — Butts Nab i in fie posses- sion of Widow Wilde .. a ‘ os a an ae wie I. 2 0. The Moor Top Close let to Wm. Thewlis I Pa 53 as 1. O 2 0,

A Cottage let to Mary Oldroyde Four days work of field land, to wit, three of therad in the Bald Greaves Field and one in the Kirk Field, let to Mr. John Kaye .. a sh oe Be OO Half a days work in the Ball Greave Field let to Ed. Holiday . - I. 10. One and a half days work in the West Field let to Widow Olareyde I, 0. IO. A piece of ground in a Close called Outer Barrs belonging (in part) to Henry Beaumont, Esq., let to John Sykes. Formerly overrun with whinns or gorse, now improved for which he pays only Four pounds yearly. The part or share, belonging to the Rector we conceive should be set out. Though it was neglected while it was wild, yet being cultivated is become valuable. A small Modus runs through the Parish for Tythe of Hay paid with the Easter dues, but, by the neglect of the Parishioners, or by the indolence of the Rectors, almost one half pay neither the Modus nor the Tythe in kind. All the Tythe of Corn, Grain, Spring Woods, Hemp Line, Rape, Turnips, Potatoes, Wool, Lambs, Geese and Pigs, through the Township of Kirkheaton, is due and paid to the Rector. Half the Tythe of Corn and Sheep only are impropriated within the Township of Dalton, but the other half of the Corn and Sheep, and the whole tythe of Lambs together with that of Spring Woods, Hemp, etc. and all the small Tythe and Dues belong to the Rectory. All the Small and Great Tythes and Dues within the Township of Lepton belong and are paid to the Rectory, excepting the Tythe of Corn only, which in a part of Lepton, Whitley, and Houses, is or may be taken in kind by Henry Beaumont, Esq., in lieu of which he is to pay annually on Midsummer Day, or the Feast of St. John the

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ILO KIRKHEATON.

Baptist, the sum of Four pounds, one shilling and four pence, called by the name of Composition or Rate money, at the Parsonage house of the Rector. The other part of that Township pays the Tythe of Corn and all other things Tytheable to the Rector. The parts of Mr. Beaumont and of the Rector having been for many years separate and distinct for their several parts or shares of the Corn Tythe to which Mr. Beaumont only lays claim. The Tythe of Spring Woods, Hemp Line, Turnips, Potatoes, Wool, Lambs, etc. together with Easter Dues, Modus for Tythes of Hay, where found due within that division of the Parish are paid to the Rector. All the Tythes of the Grange are compounded for by Sir John Kaye, for which he pays yearly Ten Pounds in two payments of Five Pounds at Whitsuntide and Martinmas. All the Tythes of Upper and Lower Denby, and Whitley, which are within this Parish, are due and paid to the Rector, excepting such Tythe of corn as has been usually paid to the possessors of Whitley Hall. The Easter Dues run thus:—All the ancient and more considerable Mansion Houses pay one shilling and sixpence. For their Modus of Tythe Hay, Whitley Hall, Lassels Hall, Rawthorpe Hall, Nether Hall, Fleming House, and the house where Mr. Pilkington formerly lived, now in the possession of Michael Sheard and some others pay some one shilling and some less, according to custom. For every House is paid three half pence, for a Garden a penny, for every Communicant two pence, for every calf three half pence, but if there be five calves, one shilling and eight pence, if ten, three shillings and fourpence, for every “ Strip’’* a penny, for Chickens three half pence, whether there be one or more broods it makes no difference, for Bees a penny each Swarm, for a Foal one shilling, for an old Sheep a penny, for a Lamb two pence. The Surplice Fees are:—For the Publication of the Banns of Marriage, sixpence, - Marriage with a Licence five shillings, without Licence one shilling. A Burial one shilling and twopence, or for a child under seven years old, seven pence only, for a Churching five pence, for a new grave stone in the Church yard three shillings and four pence, for a Tomb six shillings and eight pence, for breaking ground in the body of the Church six shillings and eight pence, if in the Chancel thirteen shillings and fourpence. Mortuaries are paid according to Statute. This is a true and faithful account of the Houses, Lands. Tithes and other Rights and Dues belonging to this Rectory according to the best of our knowledge, but if through want of books from our predecessors, we have omitted any particular Claim which appears to be one from former Terriers lodged in your Court, we do not design hereby to make it void or give it up. In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names this 12th day of September in the year before written. Tho: Clarke, Rector of Kirkheaton. Nicholas Bottom. I Timothy Mitchel. Richard Thewlis. Wm. Liversedge. John Bingley. John Wood. Wm. Hammerton. I

Churchwardens.

-—-——

* This probably refers to the strip of ground or plot in the Open Fields.

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TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS’ ACCOUNTS. III

The manner in which the situation of the Glebe is described carries us back to the time of “ Open Fields,” the old Communal system of cultivation, dating from early Anglo-Saxon days, which was practised in England for many centuries, and of which we have examples in miniature in our present arrangement of Allotment Gardens. Originally these ‘‘ Open Fields’ were arable areas, farmed in strips, with only.a low border of turf to separate the plots assigned to various tillers of the village lands. No doubt this “ Husbandry in Common ” had passed away long before the date of the Terrier—individual ownership acquired, and permanent fences erected, but the old agrarian definition still lingered in stating the locality in which the lands lay. The old Glebe in Kirkheaton was 66 a. Ir. op., and by the enclosure acts for Dalton in 1789 and 1799, the area in that township was 63 a. Ir. 17 p., in Heaton about 123 a. 21.18 p., and in Lepton 14 a. were alloted in lieu of Tithe. The Lepton enclosure was in 1779, and Whitley Upper in 1822. There was a Chancery suit as to the Tithe in Denby Grange, in 1803, and another between the Whitley Beaumont estate and the Rectory in 1841. The Tithe award was in 1845. Probably there was once a Tithe Barn at Kirkheaton, but the site cannot now be traced with certainty. ‘‘ Tithe in Kind”’ was of ancient origin and is said to date back to a Saxon source; in more recent times it was the cause of many disputes between Rectors and Farmers. On receiving notice from the Farmer that he intended to gather his crops on a certain day, the Rector in the strict letter of the law was bound to go in person to the field of the Tithe payer to receive his tenth. Although for a long period prior to 1837, the payment in “ kind” had been compounded into a monetary transaction, the custom was not finally abolished until that year. The earliest Churchwardens Account of which there is a record is for Heaton in 1737, and as the Parish of Kirkheaton embraced the four Townships of Heaton, Dalton, Lepton and Whitley Upper it is probable that each item represented only one quarter of the actual expenditure. “The Accounts of Joseph Lee and John Hall, Churchwardens for ye year, 1737.” Paid Ringers Wages ss oe 3 as 5 John Doliffe for Mowing — Bell Rope putting too ie Court Fees for last year Visitations Going Great Bell Rope Great Bell Rope mending Clock mending .. .. Mats for Altar Table Causway in the Church-yard laying straight For Bread and Wine. aa ne a “0 ax ve Tn DE. For going for clock- —_ ; Mark Newell bill Ringers Wages a al i = a4 a6 Washing Surplices and —_ Plate oe ee we wi ow a8 3. Mending Surplices Catalogue writing and Parchment 3 26 = 2% an 8 I. Catalogue sending to York . it ex Windows mending at ye Church at il five se su ee ers Ti Pinns putting up in ye Church

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112 KIRKHEATON.

York Castle prisoners m8 3 ara se 1 a 20 3. 2. Court Fees we si ar ae ne = ar a r 2. Visitations going too 8 #8 wie ea au ei as oe 5. 0. A lay writing at 25 ee i ae i “1 4. A lay signing ee is zs rd ae 7 35 I. 0. These Accounts writing 8. 4. 9 Recd. by a Lay ae + 4. 4. 5d. Disburst si a - 4@ i In hand last year... a OG; Thy 2; Lent to Poor Acct. .. .. 0. 14, Th. 4. 19. 74. 4. 15. 104.

Due to the Town o. 3. 9. which was spent at the Acct. giving in and allowed by John Kaye. Richd. Morton. Richd. Waller. John Askew. This account is typical of succeeding ones during the next 70 to 80 years; here and there are items relating to customs and usages that have long since ceased to exist. Such as the following :— “Moss getting for mossing the Church.” The moss was put between or under the slates or tiles to keep rain and snow from drift- ing through the roof, and to prevent draughts. (See New English Dictionary). “ Pricking the Church with Green at Christmas.” “ Payments to ‘ Dog-whipper ’ in 1740 and for Sexton’s whip in 1776.” This was the official who whipped all dogs from the precincts of the Church.* “ Sexton’s Livery and lace for his hat.”’ “ Spent when bargaining for the Wine.”’ “Church windows mending.” Until 1826 there were footpaths through the Church yard, which probably accounted for the repeated breakages, for then as now boys were wont to throw stones. Ata Vestry Meeting held in that year, it was resolved that these paths should be diverted. In 1755 there is an item for a new “ Seeing-glass.”’ From 1755 to 1809 there are payments to the Sexton for ringing at 5 and 8 o’clock, and 7 and 8 o’clock on Sundays. It is not easy to account for this custom, and its existence in post-reformation days is perplexing. It may have had some remote association with the old Canonical Hours of Lauds, and Compline, or have been the refrain of the Angelus bell of England’s Medieval

Church, tolled morning and evening calling the faithful to recite the Angelus prayer. ‘* Then came the labourer home from the field, and serenely the sun sank, Down to his rest, and twilight prevailed—Anon from the belfry, Softly the Angelus sounded over the roofs of the village.’’¢ Longfellow.

* Nor were dogs the only recipients of chastisement in Church. In later times the Superintendent of early Sunday School days was armed with a long cane-like rod, and woe betide the luckless scholar who talked, slept, or misbehaved, during the Serivce. + “ A feature of everyday life in England during the Middle Ages was the ringing of the Angelus, Ave, or Gabriel bell, as it was variously called. The Angelus pealed forth at morning and evening from every steeple and belfry in the Kingdom, and, as the sound floated over the surroundirg country, the Monk in his cell, the Baron in his castle, the Squire in his Hal!, the village Matron and Maiden in their cottage, and the Labourer in the field, with bowed head recited the prayer in remembrance of Christ’s Incarnation.” Gasquet’s Parish Life in Medieval England.”

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TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS’ ACCOUNTS. 113

Again the ringing at 8 o’clock may have been the survival of the far distant Curfew bell of Norman days, or the reason may have been in connection with the hours of labour, which at that period were from 5 in the morning to 8 at night. In 1759 the Ringers were paid for proclaiming on the bells the news of the taking of Quebec, and in 1776 the surrender of New York. No doubt they were also rung for the victories of Trafalgar and Waterloo, for the accounts show that peals were loyally sounded on the 29th May and the 5th November. In 1769-70 “‘ A table of Benefactions”’ was erected. It was a large wooden panel, painted black with the names of the Donors in white letters and remained in the Church until 1886. In 1789 a copy of the “‘ Swearing Act ” was purchased. From 1760 to 1791 there are items fora Violoncello, a Base, a Bassoon, and an Hautboy, for the musical part of the service before the advent of the Organ in 1792. In 1811 there is an item for Ale for the Sunday Scholars. A dubious custom ! And at a Parish meeting in 1828 it was resolved “ That the practice of giving Ale, annually to the Sunday School children be discontinued.” Early in the XIXth century the Church expenses of the four Townships were combined in one account and entered in a Vestry Minute Book. The expenditure increased rapidly, for the Vandal restorers of the Church in 1823, and their successors, refreshed themselves liberally at the Kirkstile Inn, as shown by the items entered as

David Thornton’s bill in the following extracts:— Accounts for 1821-1822.

Organist’s Wages es ee ag a «» IOs 10. 0, Ringers do. so #3 ce sit 2. 12. ©. Bell ropes ae oe <3 a 3. 3. OO. David Thornton’s bill Ale eis = os wt +. 21. 14. 5. Visitations oe i <n -- Io. Io. oO. John Womersby for the Clock on a a 9 I, I. 0, Rev. Henry Harrison’s bill for Register .. a Zs On Fs The Church Pricking a ai 4. 0. Green cloth for Communion table .. ie ns a 16. 9. Letter from Bell Founder .. ee a a Tis Bis Orphan Letter from London ‘ Is 2 Church Almanack, etc. ba is ‘ 5. 6. Accounts for 1822-1823. The Vestry Meeting Minute Book .. 7. 6 Henry Harrison for copying Registers mit oe sie I. 13. Il. John Brook for Cloth for Sexton .. Ts m8 a i, Be 0. Thos. Bagshaw for Hat for Sexton aes mss Tr 13. 0, Jno. Kaye for Sexton’s suit making es “8 at Tn 3» Ox Ed. Harrison’s bill for books binding sive “re 4. 6. oO. Ringers bill 8 a 2. 12. The Organist’s bill .. ws +. IO, Io. oO. Josh.. Booth. organ repaired and Ne ew Bellows ae ie 19. 3. 6. Jno. Womersley for repairing clock ee res os I, 6. ©, David Thornton’s Bill, Ale, etc. we ao we Be 26. 17. Ik. Expenses of Visitations ea we << a +» 10. 10. 0. Bell ropes a a aS oe i at ai 3. 3. etc:—

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114 KIRKHEATON.

Accounts for 1823-1824.

Ringers wages ws wa ws ia ee 2, 12. ©. 6 new bell ropes <n A oe 33 =u 3. 3. 0. The Organist a ae a a ai .. IO, 10. oO, Paid to singers ns oe a ae ie or 4x O Wm. Lucas for painting ae es ou ¥a +. 16. 16. 0, Josh. Booth for rebuilding Organ .. as ae ~~ he Fo Os J. Womersley for removing Clock .. +e aa . Be. Bs Ov Expenses at Visitation és i as ag se IO. 10. 0. Court Fees at Visitation is ‘ es ae as I3. 0. David Thornton’s Bill for Ale, sig a -. 27. 18 8. etc.— Accounts for 1824-1825. Court Fees at Visitation ss 8 as rs, Oy Wm. Johnson making New road near 7 Chere ne cx 26, 10, ©, The Sexton’s suit and making es ai 38 4. 8 a4. Jas. Castle two journeys for Bass it wn jes 6. 0. Journey to the Patrons at Harthill a as 5. 3- 0. Singers ew a ib a wa 8. 0. O. David Thornton’ s Bill a =a zr -- 50. 3. 11.

In 1826 David Thornton’s Bill was £43 1s. 3d., in 1827, £40 1s. 6d., in 1828, {40 11s. 4d., in 1829, £28 15s. 5d. “At a vestry Meeting held 21st May, 1821, Joseph Walker, Esq. of Lascelles Hall, in the Chair, it was Resolved that, by the laws and customs of England, Church- wardens are bound to attend to the ordinary business of the Church without fee, or reward. That the practice of Churchwardens meeting to drink at the Parish expense, on the pretence of consulting about the business of the Church, is not only illegal, but naturally tends, as has been seen, to promote extravagance, injustice, and disorder. At the same time it directly serves to prevent persons of sobriety and respectability from wishing to serve the Office, though only such are at all likely to discharge its duties properly, while on the other hand, the practice mentioned, so long as suffered, will always be a sufficient inducement for men ofa different description, not only to use means to get into office, but to remain in it as long as they can.” At a Meeting of the Ratepayers of the Parish of Kirkheaton, held in the Vestry of the Church 24th August, 1826 for the purpose of fixing the allowance to be made to the Churchwardens of the said Parish, when meeting upon ordinary and extra- ordinary occasions, Joseph Walker, Esq., in the Chair, it was resolved:—‘‘ That whereas the Resolutions passed at the Parish Meeting held 21st May 1821, have been found inadequate to prevent wasteful expenditure on the part of the Churchwardens it is hereby resolved that the following regulations be adopted:—That in future the ordinary and extraordinary allowance to the Churchwardens for attending upon the duties of their office shall not exceed the annual sum of Five pounds, except in cases where it may be necessary for them to go out of the Parish, and the dinners on Good Friday, and Christmas Day, for each of which they shall be allowed the sum of six shillings for every person attending them in his official capacity. That no more than two bottles of Wine shall be allowed for each Sacrament, excepting the officiating Minister shall at any time certify that more be necessary, in which case an additional

Page 209

TERRIERS AND CHURCHWARDENS’ ACCOUNTS. 115

quantity shall be allowed. That this Parish will not be accountable for any liquor provisions, etc. had at the “ Kirkstile,”’ or elsewhere, excepting the Wine for the Sacrament, the Poor, and the two Dinners previously mentioned. There does not appear to be any record of the amount of the Church rate levied on the whole of the four townships of the Parish, which this culpable misuse of the parishioners money entailed, but it must have been considerable and have called forth the indignation of those who paid it, when compared with the expenditure of former

years. In 1737 the assessment for the Township of Kirkheaton £3 5s. 43d. In 1757 do. £9 Ios, 14d. In 1777 do. £9 7s. rod. In 1797 do. £10 16s. 14d.

The Church rate was—a “‘cess”’ raised by resolution of the majority of the parishioners in Vestry assembled, levied on the occupiers of land and houses within a parish, for the maintaining of the Church and its services. Opposition to this began early at Kirkheaton. In 1837 at a Vestry Meeting at which the Rector does not appear to have been present, and the Chairman was an advanced Whig politician, it was resolved that this “‘ Meeting denying as it does the right of one Denomination to call upon others by compulsory enactment to support its ordinances, it never-the-less disclaims any intention, or desire, as has been falsely alleged, to undermine the foundations of the Church; on the contrary, this Assembly, composed as it is, of both Churchmen and Dissenters, confidently believes that the abolition of Church rates, while relieving Non-conformists from the payment of an unjust and odious tax, will conduce peace and concord amongst the Clergy and their parishioners, and the raising of the Established Church in the estimation of the This however was not the termination of the matter for in 1840 it was proposed that a rate be granted to the Churchwardens amounting to £61 17s. 6d., and an amendment that there be no Church rate, was moved, but the result of a Poll was a majority of 214 votes in favour of the rate. Again in 1850 an assessment of a penny in the pound was granted to the Church- wardens “‘ to defray the expenses of repairs to the Church and maintenance of Divine Service,” to which a protest was made, there being two Rates already laid but not collected. So the dispute continued until 1851, when the Vestry resolved that the Churchwardens adopt other means of raising a fund by voluntary subscription to meet their expenditure. In 1868 an Act of Parliament was passed abolishing com- pulsory Church rates.

Page 210

CHAPTER XXV.

HALLS AND FAMILIES.

WHITLEY HALL AND THE BEAUMONTS. OTHERWISE WHITLEY BEAUMONT.

it would be wearisome and tedious to recapitulate what can be easily obtained from the histories and books of so many writers from Dr. Whitaker in 1816 to the present time, and it only remains for us to mention some of the less known incidents in the story of their lives and their ancestral home. 7 There are few places whose unbroken history extends further back into the mists and uncertainties of antiquity than the Manor of Whitley in the ancient parish of Kirkheaton. We learn from Domesday Book that in the time of Edward the Confessor in the early years of the XIth century it was held by Gerneber, a Thane of importance, who also had ten other Manors in the district Westward of Wakefield. After the Conquest of England by William the Norman, Whitley was given to Ilbert de Laci the powerful Lord of the Honour of Pontefract, along with 203 other Manors, and Gamel and Elric became his undertenants or vassals. One or other of these may have been the ancestor of the Dransfelds, for in the reign of John, the Dransfelds were the holders of Whitley, and in the time of Henry III a Charter is quoted in Loidis and Elmete, p. 342. in which John de Laci, Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Chester, grants and confirms to John de Montbegon and to his assign William de Bellomont, for homage and service, all the lands of Thomas de Dransfeld in the Vill of Wittelley with the capital messuage, etc., to hold of him by rendering for ever a pair of white gloves (par Chirotecarum albarum) at Easter. This Charter is not dated but we may assume that the Beaumonts acquired Whitley as early as the third or fourth decade of the XIIIth century, say 1230-40. (Agbrigg Notes, Y.A.S. Journal, Vol. VIII, p. 501). It is also known that William de Bellomont held twelve oxgangs of land and 4 marks rent for a mill in Huddersfield 1206-11.* There is a tradition that these lands were granted to Bellomont in recognition of his service under Roger de Laci in the third Crusade with Richard I, Coeur de Lion, in 1192, and there is some slight confirmation of this in the Heraldic bearings of the two families for in those early days, the Vassal often bore on his armour an adaptation of the cognisance of his

S° much has been already recorded as to this ancient and illustrious family that

* Robert Glover Somerset Herald, who visited the Huddersfield Parish Church in 1584, says there was then in

situ, the figure of an ‘‘ Ould Knight kneeling with five coats of arms’’;—1. Beaumont impaling ..... broken. 2. Beaumont impaling Neville. 3. Quarterly i. and iv: Beaumont ii. broken; iii. Sandford. 4. Beaumont impaling Qy Brereton. 5. Beaumontimpaling..... broken.

116

Page 211

NORTH EAST VIEW WHITLEY HALL.

SOUTH WEST VIEW WHITLEY HALL.

Page 212

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Page 213

HALLS AND FAMILIES. 117

chief, the Arms of De Laci are:—On a golden shield a purple lion rampant, and those of Beaumont, on one of sanguine red, a silver lion surrounded by an orle or circle of crescents of silver. The crescents are said to be tokens of the bearer having taken part in the so-called Holy Wars. The Beaumonts also held land in South Kirby, Meltham and Crossland in 1302-3. (Agbrigg Notes Y.A.S., Journal, Vol. VI, p. 447). The South Quire of Almondbury Church is the Chapel of the Beaumonts probably in con- nection with the manor of Crosland. In the later years of the reign of Edward II, and the early ones of Edward III, the head of the Beaumont family was living at his Manor House in Crossland, and not at Whitley. It was at this Crossland Hall* circa. 1335, that the first act of the “ Eland Feud ” took place, when Sir Robert Beaumont was attacked in his house and foully murdered by Sir John Eland, who a few years later was slain by Adam Beaumont in revenge for his father’s death. The tragedy is told in 124 verses of rhyme in the History of Halifax, published by E. Jacob, in 1789, and has been reprinted by many subsequent writers. It was long considered to be a poetical fiction, but in 1890 Mr. W. Paley Baildon found confirmation of the events in the Assize Rolls of Edward III, in the Public Record Office (Y.A.S., Journal, Vol. XI, p. 128). and there is now no reason to doubt the general accuracy of the story. Sir Robert Beaumont had eight sons and one daughter:—Sir John, Sir Thos., Robt., Adam, Wm., Henry, John and Nicholas, of whom two were knighted and are said to have been at the siege of Calais with Edward III in 1346. His daughter Agnes married William de Mirfeld. The Beaumonts continued to make Crossland Hall their principal home and in 1389-90 there was a foray there by Sir John Ashton who took away the cattle of Henry de Beaumont, when John son of Geof. Darcy seems to have been killed by Beaumont shooting him with an arrow and Roger de Rowley mortally wounding him with a sword, for which they were indicted but acquitted. (See Y.A.S. Journal, Vol. VIII p. 504., and the original Release from York Castle in the possession of the writer Legh Tolson and printed in the Y.A.S. Record Vol. LXIII, p. 50). This Henry de Beaumont was succeeded by his eldest son, also called Henry who made Whitley Hall, or as it came to be known as Whitley Beaumont, his permanent home, and Crossland Hall, or Crossland Fosse was occupied by a younger brother Roger Beaumont and his descendants until the time of Henry VIII. Another younger brother Adam Beau- mont, was of Newsome. Lawrence Beaumont of the Oaks in Darton, was the son of Roger of Crossland Fosse. We have no definite description of the first Hall at Whitley, but we may assume that it was one of the “ post and pane ”’ buildings, of the period, which have slowly but surely crumbled and disappeared, and of which, in the case of Whitley not a vestige is now visible; we know however from Foster’s pedigree that Richard Beaumont had licence from the Archbishop of York for an Oratory at Whitley Hall in 1468. This Richard Beaumont married Cecilia Mirfeld, and Roger Dodsworth tells us in his Aggbrigg Notes, that in the ‘‘ North Quire window ” at Kirkheaton

* Nothing now remains of this old house save afew grass grown mounds which mark the place of former walls and moat. The present Crossland Hall is not on the site of the old Hall.

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118 KIRKHEATON.

Church there were formerly the arms of Beaumont impaling Mirfeld and underneath “ Pray ye for the soules of (Rich.) Beaumont and Cecily his wife.”’

About this time by the marriage in 1426 of Henry, who is supposed to have been the son of John Beaumont, a younger son of Henry de Beaumont of Crossland, the delinquent of 1390, with Johanna daughter and heir of John Lascelles of Lascelles Hall, that estate came into the possession of the Beaumont family. John grandson of Henry Beaumont of Lascelles Hall, bought Castle Hall Mirfield from John Gascoign, in 1516, to whom it had descended from the De Hetons. The following dogrel, relating to Castle Hall, has been perpetuated in varying verses since they were first

transcribed from an old manuscript by the Rev. Joseph Ismay, Vicar of Mirfield, 1739-78. “In days of yore a Saxon lord, Held Castle Hall by his good sword, Before the Norman princes came And took possession of the same, As doth appear in Domesday book, To those who in that record look; Sir John de Heton next did dwell In this old Hall by Chapel Well The Beaumonts had the place in hand When Harry Tudor ruled the land; The house rebuilt which long had stood, The front adorned with carved wood.”

By the intermarriage in 1567 of William Beaumont of Lascelles Hall, Kirkheaton, and Castle Hall, Mirfield, with Rosamund daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, this branch of the family eventually succeeded to the estates of both. The Rev. Joseph Ismay writing in his Diary, circa. 1750-60 gives the following account of Castle Hall, which has now been pulled down and disappeared.* ‘‘ This old house was rebuilt by Thomas Beaumont, who was buried at Mirfield in 1561, and is now the property of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, whose ancestors formerly lived at this place, where it’s said Richard Beaumont, commonly called ‘ Crook’d- back Dick ’ was born in 1654.” [He inherited Whitley from his father Adam Beaumont in 1655 when only one year old. His back was injured by a careless nurse letting him fall when his family were living at New Hallin Hopton.} “It is supposed to be the site of the ancient seat of Sir John Heton, Kt. first Patron of Mirfield Church. The ceiling in the West Appartment is decorated with a variety of figures in plaster-work; amongst ye rest I have often observed the Beaumont Arms, quartered with Turton of Smallhagh and Millhouse in ye parish of Peniston.”

Mr. Ismay adds, “‘ New Hall in Mirfield is another ancient Seat of the Beaumonts of more modern date than Castle Hall.”

Returning to the senior family at Whitley Hall, in the Will of Richard Beaumont dated 1540 we have an interesting insight into the legacies made by a man of high

* Castle Hall, Mirfield, was pulled down about 1827.

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BEAUMONT impatinc TURTON.

CASTLE HALL, MIRFIELD.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 11g

position in the XVIth century, immediately after the Dissolution of the Religious Houses, when the customary gifts to Monastic Orders had ceased. To us, now-a-days, some of these seem trivial and of little value, but were then evidently considered of consequence and worth:— Here are some of the minor and amusing items.

“To Richard North my Grene jacket. John Vesse my Russet jacket. Hue Trowey V yerdes of White frees of 1d. a yerde. Robt. Shepparde my White hose and my Hat. Thos. Langton my Canvas doublet and my Bonnet. John Dransfeld one Yewe. Thos. Dransfeld a shirte clothe. John Wode the Hunter a Cote clothe of freese.”’

Of the more important clauses there is the disposal of his “ purchist ” and other lands over which he had the power of appointment in:—Whitley, Lepton, Gawthorpe, Dalton, Heaton, Shepley, Huddersfield, Crossland, and Holmfirth, and the following interesting bequests.* “ Richard son of Roger Beaumont to have the homage and service of all the tenants, his Cote Armour, one “‘ yrene chymney,”’ one “ greteborde’”’ standing in the “ haull,” the “ gret yrene ’’ spit, and the “‘ gret chist ”’ in the “‘ malte ’’ house Chamber.” ““T bequeathe to Richard son of Roger Beaumont my Chales with the other ornaments that I have pertaining to my Chapel.’’+ “There is in my handes and the rest I will make furthe VIII Stotes to the upholding and the maintenyng of the Ladie Service at Heaton VII of them 8s. a Stote, and the eighte Stote is of tos.’’t He desires to be buried within the Quire of Our Lady at Heaton, from which and the foregoing it is evident that this North Choir at Kirkheaton Church was then still a Chantry, and was not at that time regarded as the Chapel of the Beaumonts. The Chantries were not dissolved until 1545 or later, at least five years after the date of this Will. This Richard Beaumont, the testator of 1540, paid a fine of £5 to be released from being made a Knight of the Bath, 21st Henry VII, and again 7th Henry VIII. In 1513 he had his Armorial bearings confirmed, and in the same year he was with the Army in France and may have been present at the Battle of the Spurs; he is described as Gentleman Usher to King Henry. His great-great-grandson Richard Beaumont, locally known as “ Black Dick’’§ was born at Whitley 1574; he was knighted in 1609 and created a Baronet in 1628. In 1613 he was commissioned to command 200 Trained-band soldiers, and was M.P. for Pontefract in 1625. Sir Richard acquired Sandal Castle from the Saviles (that historic ruin, once the magnificent home of the proud Lords of Wakefield, from whence the unfortunate followers of the White Rose of York sallied to defeat on that fateful December day in 1460).

In the “ Beaumont published in 1884, there is a letter relating to the theft of lead from the Castle.

* Richard, son of Richard, son of Roger Beaumont in 1541/2 bought all the lands of Sir Henry Everingham, Kt., Lord of Birkin, in Lepton and Flockton for X li. + This was the private Chapel at Whitley Hall. } A Stote is a young ox or bullock. § This soubriquet is said to have originated from King James I who called him “‘ Black Dick of ye North.”

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120 KIRKHEATON.

T have sent yow here the examinacion of John Lord and one Beeston, who tooke the leade from your Castle. They are two verie poor men and nott able I am affrayed to give such satis- faction as the cause requireth, but for Ennr. Rishton, who bought most of the lead, and noe doubt knew that it was stolne, yow may be pleased to take your course with him by suite rather than by way at Session.”’ ete. “ Hy. Grice to Rd. Beaumont, dated Sandal XIth April,

In his Will, Sir Richard—Black Dick—says :—

“ T give all my Park of Sandal and two closes for providing hay for the deer there to Thomas Beaumont, son of my Cousin.” (This Thos. Beaumont was the son of Richard Beaumont of Lascelles Hall and Kexbrugh, and inherited the Whitley estates).

“ Whereas I am (Lay) Rector of the Parsonage of Sandal, I give all the Tithes of Corn and Hay in Trust to secure to the Church of Sandal £20 a year.”” He also left to the poor of Kirk- heaton £30, Huddersfield,.£20, and Almondbury £10. He died in 1631 and was buried in the North Choir at Kirkheaton, which after the Suppression of the Chantries, he had apparently annexed and enlarged. It was henceforth called the Beaumont Chapel, where there is a fine alabaster tomb and recumbent effigy to his memory.

From the “ Beaumont Papers” it appears that Sir Richard was sometimes bantered by his friends as to his bachelor condition and the following letter from a lady in response to his wooing shows that once at least he made an attempt to change it.

“ Worthy Sir Richard, If the tyme would have served me in my last letter I have writ to you howe sory I was you should entertain so bad a gest as lov against so good a tyme as now is coming, and now hoping you will insome sort tak my counsell sence you have plesed to impart your thoughts to me, I will both advis and conjure you that you doe not harbor that gest til Christmas be past, but spend your tyme in pleasure and if after that tyme I can se any way in which you should entertain him I will doe my best to make him not a troblesom, but a comfortable gest unto you. I neede writ no more at this tyme, only this, wer I not your true frind I would not wright thus much. In hast I rest Your faithful frind Mary Percy.

From another letter we get a glimpse of the sport of Cock-fighting, so general in this period of ‘‘ Merrie England.”’

“My good Knight Sir Richard, It is now two months since I wrytt a letter unto you to put yow in remembrance of your promes to lend me your excellent breed cock. If you send him, as I hope you will, wryte unto me all his privie marckes and cut off a peice of the third or fourthe fethers in eyther wing and thrust into the pithe of the fethers two pinnes, over the heades, least the messenger might be cosoned by the way and when I see this marcke, then shall I knowe that Iam right. Let me have your old cocke, the iewell of the world, etc: Sorrie I am to see you so slacke and dullin marriage etc: Yours as much assured as myne owne Francis Beaumont. Addressed. To the Right Worshipfull my much esteemed Knight and verie loving kynsman, Sir Richd. Beaumont, give this at his house at Whytley

The precaution of the pins tells us that knavery and trickery were as prevalent in those days as in our own times. Mary Percy’s letter is torn and worn, perhaps by much fond handling, and the “ guest” of love which he was advised to postpone

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HALLS AND. FAMILIES. 12

harbouring until Christmas was past, tarried fora more distant and unknown season, even to the Greek Calends. Sir Richard Beaumont (Black Dick) as already mentioned left no legitimate children, and was succeeded by Thomas Beaumont, son of his cousin Richard Beaumont of Lascelles Hall; the succession to Whitley appears to have come through Rosamond sister of Sir Richard’s father Edward Beaumont. Thomas Beaumont was born in 1605, and in the less troubled days of Charles I kept up the sporting proclivities of his family as the following letter seems to show: ““ Worthy Sir, I pray you bestow a couple of swift hounds on mee for the great Duke of Angolesme in France etc. Therefor good Sir fitt me this tyme with some young doggs of a speedy kynde etc. I pray for your wyfes good recovery, and with salutes committ you to Gop,and remayne Your respectful ffrend Ralphe Assheton. To the worshipfull his worthy ffrend Thos. Beaumont Esq. 20 May, 1634.” During the Civil War Thomas Beaumont joined Sir William Savile’s Royalist Regiment, and in 1643 was Governor of Sheffield Castle, which he surrendered to the Parliament in 1644. The terms of surrender stated that the Governor, and all officers and soldiers should march out of the Castle with their drums and colours* each with his own horse saddled, sword and pistol, to Pomphret Castle or wheresoever they please. Another person of note who was in the Castle, was Sir John Kaye, Bart., of Woodsome, and to him as well as the Governor Major Thomas Beaumont, the Parliamentary Commander granted passports to their homes on condition that they did not again bear arms against the Parliament. Major Beaumont retired to Whitley Hall, and after the Restoration was knighted by Charles II in 1660. In 1639 he had sold Sandal Castle, described as “‘ a demolished and ruinous building,” to the Neviles of Chevet for £1110, perhaps to enable him to assist the Royal Cause. From the Calendars of State Papers and the Royalist Compositions we gather that his estates of the Manor of Whitley and lands and messuages in Crossland, Meltham, Kirkburton and Kirkheaton, with the reversion of Castle Hall, Mirfield, was estimated to be worth £6335 less certain debts and charges of £1000, and for being in Arms against the Parliament and holding Sheffield Castle for the King he was fined £700. With the papers relating to his prosecution there is the following Affidavit by his wife :— “Elizabeth Beaumont doth depose that her husband Thomas Beaumont is att this tyme soe ill and infirme of body by reason of several bruises and hurts which hee hathe gotten in the Castles of Sheffield and Pomfrey, that he is nott able to travill to London without danger to his life etc.”

Another document states:—

* Some of these colours were afterwards hung in the Beaumont Chapel in Kirkheaton Church, but time has played sad havoc with them and only a few tattered shreds now remain. ¢ This would be Old Lascelles Hall, which had been alienated by Richard Beaumont, the father of Sir Thomas having granted it as jointure for the five daughters of his second wife’s first marriage during minority. From a deed of partition in 1649 it appears that the Old Hall had been acquired by Wm. Ramsden, who died in 1639, and passed to his sister Jane and by proceedings the nature of which are not available the place was again in the possession of the Beaumonts in 1668 having been bought back from Hy. Grice by Sir Thomas Beaumont who in his Will mentions. purchases of property from the Grice family.

R

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122 KIRKHEATON.

“He hath taken the Naconall Covenant before Xpofer Richardson Rector of Kirkheaton. 25th January, 1645.” Sir Thomas Beaumont died in 1668 and was buried at Kirkheaton. His eldest son Adam predeceased his father in 1655; he was succeeded at Whitley Hall by his grandson Richard, only son and heir of Adam. Lascelles Hall was inherited by Sir Thomas’ younger son also called Richard; thus the two estates united in the person of Sir Thomas were again separated. We may presume that the first Hall at Whitley, conjectured to have been a “ post and pane ”’ building had been superseded at this date by one of stone of which there are a few traces in one or two heavily mullioned and transomed windows with diamond leaded glass at the South West corner of the present house; within, the rooms were wainscotted in time worn dark oak, mellowed with age, and no doubt dating back to the days when Bess was Queen; the kitchen was also in this part of the Hall and contained one of those wide arched open hearths where the Baron of Beef and Boar’s Head were roasted in those hospitable and jovial times. “The Bore’s heed in hande bring I. With garlands gay and rosemary, I praye you all synge merely, Qui estis in convivio.”’ Little is known of Adam Beaumont who was only 24 years of age when he died. The writer has one of his school-books :— “ Corderivs Dialogues Translated Grammatically For the more speedy attaining to the Knowledge of the Latin tongue,” from which he and his brothers were taught by their tutor, the Rev. Richard Sykes, Rector of Kirkheaton, 1626-1644, in which they have written their names. Adam Beaumont was buried at Kirkheaton 1655 and on the floor of the Beaumont Chapel there is a Brass depicting him in armour. As already mentioned Whitley passed to Adam’s son Richard—‘ Crooked Back Dick ” already mentioned—who died in 1691 and was succeeded by his son again. named Richard, who married Katherine daughter and heir of Thomas Stringer of Sharleston and died without issue; she married secondly, Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland. Formerly at Kirkheaton Church there was a House flag bearing the Arms of Beaumont with an Inescutcheon of pretence for Stringer. This is now in the Tolson Memorial Museum at Ravensknowle, Huddersfield. On the death of the above Richard Beaumont in 1704, the Whitley estate reverted to the Lascelles Hall branch of the family whose robust vitality placed them for the second time in possession of the senior property. The successor was the Richard Beaumont of Lascelles Hall, a younger brother of Adam and great uncle of the last owner. He was a Captain in Lord Castleton’s Regiment of Foot and served in Flanders; he died 2 years later, and was followed by his son Captain Richard Beaumont, also of Lord Castleton’s Regiment, and sometime in the retinue of the Duke of Albemarle in Jamaica. He was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1713. He married Susannah daughter and co-heir of Thomas Horton of Howroyde in Bark- island and had with other children, Henry (1), Richard (2), Frances (3). Henry

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 123

succeeded his father in 1723 when 7 years old, and died unmarried in 1743; Frances (3) married George Beaumont of the Oaks in Darton (of whom later); Richard (2) suc- ceeded his brother Henry (1). He married 1st Judith daughter of Thomas Ramsden of Crowston near Halifax. She died without issue and he married 2nd Elizabeth daughter and heir of William Holt .of Grizzlehurst and Little Mitton, co. Lanc., succeeding to those estates jure uxoris. He was succeeded by his eldest son Richard Henry Beaumont, Hon M.A. of Oxford, and F.S.A. of London, High Sheriff of Yorks, 1793. Mr. Beaumont was an ardent Antiquarian; his libraries are said to have been piled with books, and manuscripts, and he had a iarge collection of valuable ancient deeds. He became a literary hermit both at Whitley and Little Mitton; he was greatly attached to the latter place, where he was wont to say he had to contend with the owls for possession. Along with Mr. Wilson of Broomhead and Mr. J. C. Brooke, Somerset Herald, he undertook to write the History of the West Riding of Yorkshire, but for some unknown reason it was never published, and perhaps never compiled. In 1906 the Whitley library, consisting chiefly of books gathered together by this Mr. Beau- mont, was disposed of to a London dealer for £800, and the fortunate purchaser resold a single volume for £450. Mr. Beaumont died unmarried in 1810, and was followed by his brother John Beaumont. They had a sister Elizabeth who married Lieut.- General George Bernard of Heaton Lodge, Kirkheaton. John Beaumont married Sarah daughter of Humphrey Butler and had two daughters, Charlotte who married Captain John McCumming of the 31st Regiment of Foot, and Elizabeth who married Thomas Taite of Pocklington; he had also a natural son Charles Richard Beaumont, LL.D., constituted tenant for life of Whitley, after the death of his father, and Aunt Bernard with remainder to his heirs. He married Martha daughter of Stephen Hem- sted of East Isley, co. Berks. and was succeeded by his son Richard Hy. Beaumont, Sub.-Lieut. 2nd Life Guards, who had his name and arms exemplified by Royal Sign Manual in 1827. He married Catherine daughter of Timothy Wiggin, U.S.A., and died without issue in 1857 having devised Whitley to his godson Henry Frederick Beaumont, a descendant of Frances Beaumont (3). Frances Beaumont (3) who married George Beaumont of the Oaks had a grandson Thomas Richard Beaumont who married Diana, natural daughter and heir by Will of Sir Thomas Wentworth, Bt. Sir Thomas Wentworth on inheriting the estates of the Blackett family in right of his mother Diana daughter and heir of Sir William Blackett assumed that surname. Thomas Richard Beaumont succeeded to Bretton Hall, co. York, the ancient seat of the Wentworths, the Abbey Hexham, and extensive lead mines in Northumberland and Durham. From him descended the Blackett Beaumonts, Viscounts Allendale, and Hy. Fredk. Beaumont, who after the failure of heirs to the male line of the Whitley family, inherited that estate by the Will of Richard Hy. Beaumont in 1857. The second mansion at Whitley already referred to as an Elizabethan building appears to have been in the form of the letter E., consisting of a large hall with entrance in the centre, the usual design of the period. In the early days of the XVIIIth century a new front in Georgian style of architecture was added enclosing Northwards the open space between the East and West wings and forming a quad- rangle within. On the left of the portico of this building was an apartment intended

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124 KIRKHEATON.

to re-place the old family Chapel, but this does not seem to have been used for that purpose, and it was afterwards a smoking-room. That charming Diarist, the Rev. Joseph Ismay of Mirfield records a visit to Whitley on 29th July, 1760.

“Yesterday being called upon to see a sick person at Liley near Whitley Hall, ye seat of Richard Beaumont Esq., the family were away but on the Butler’s invitation I was easily prevailed upon to take a view of the House and Gardens of yt Gentleman. We were conducted all through ye apartments which abound with many pictures, but mean furniture. The Saloon is a noble room—here is, “Susanna and ye two Elders,” ‘‘Ye five Senses,’’ and a Cabnet of Rockwork decorated with flowers, etc. Ye room on ye West contains a good Billiard table, and that on ye East a fine carpet with harvest scenes of plaster work on ye ceiling. The Chapel is a neat place with a small Gallery, but seldom used for Divine Service—here is a picture of Joseph and Mary with ye Blessed Infant. The situation of this House is indeed most beautiful, to ye South there is a spacious plain and lawn in ye front, containing a Bowling Green and grassy slopes which yield a fine mountainous prospect. The Hall stands on an eminence and its beautiful situation is much improved by ye works and adornments of Art. The gardens abound with avenues, greenhouses, walks and basons, a terrace walk to ye Temple and Hermitage, flowering shrubs, serpentine paths, and ye new road to ye North, all are very beautiful and have a good effect. The flowering shrubs are: Laburnum, Lawrestinus, Jessamine, Virginia flowering rasp, Phillyrea, Spirae, Shrub cinquefoil, Myrtle, Syringa, etc. In ye Greenhouse I saw: Aloes, Ananus, or Pineapple, Egg Plant, Balsams, Capsicum, Coffee shrub with berries, Opuntia or Indian fig, Echinomelo- cactus or Melton Thistle, a plant without leaves and only guarded with thorns, the Upright Torch Thistle a plant of extraordinary face and wanting of leaves, Diamond Ficordeae or Ice plant, Humble and Sensitive plants, the former of which closes and y® latter fall when touched, Amaranthus, Robinson Crusoe’s Coat, a plant of singular form and aspect, etc., I was not able to make a catalogue of ye several plants in ye Stove without ye assistance of ye Gardener, who was then at Grange ye Seat of Sir John Lister Kaye Bart.”

For some years after Henry Frederick Beaumont inherited the Whitley estates, the Hall was let to Edward Aldam Leatham, Member of Parliament for Huddersfield in 1859. Mr. Beaumont also entered Parliament as Member for the Southern Division of the West Riding in 1865, and on the termination of Mr. Leatham’s tenancy he came to reside at his ancestral home, when some of the old traditions and gaiety of the place were revived. Prince Leopold and the Duchess of Albany were guests at Whitley in 1883, and the Duke of Cambridge was also a guest on another occasion. Such entertainments gradually diminished, and before the death of Mr. Beaumont in 1913 the family had deserted the Hall and removed to Tetworth near Ascot. In 1918 his son and heir Henry Ralph Beaumont unsuccessfully offered the Whitley Estate for sale, and for several years the Hall has been unoccupied. “ Tchabod ” might be written over its portals, for its glory has indeed departed, the fine avenue of Beech trees from the Liley Lane gates to the house has been felled, the lawns and gardens neglected and weed grown, and the mansion forlorn and desolate save for the whispers of the ghosts of the past. “ All within is dark as night, In the windows is no light, And no murmur at the door, So frequent on its hinge before, Come away, no more of mirth Is here, or merry-making sound, The house was builded of the earth, And shall fall again to ground.”

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PLASTER CEILING IN DINING-ROOM, WHITLEY HALL, BY ROBERT ADAM.

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THE FIRE-PLACE IN DINING-ROOM.

OAK PANELLING IN ONE OF THE BEDROOMS.

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THE HERMITAGE.

THE TEMPLE,

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«ME WARM NOW,”

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 125

There are three entries in the Registers of Kirkheaton in connection with Whitley Hall, that may be mentioned on account of their pathetic character.

“ Baptised 28th December 1804, William Thomas Mahy, son of William Francis Mahy, Baron Cormere, Commissary General of Old France, and Anna Preton, his wife, Born in King- ston, Jamaica, 24th of June 1795.”

There is little doubt they were Refugees from the French Revolution, and guests at Whitley Beaumont.

“ Baptised 2nd Nov. 1782 Daniel Whitley an Ethopian by birth from the coast of Guinea, living with Richard Henry Beaumont Esq. at Whitley Hall.” “ Buried 8th December, 1787, Daniel Whitley, an Ethiopian, who died at Whitley Hall.”

Poor wanderer from a sunny clime, no wonder he succumbed to the rigour of Yorkshire weather.

LASCELLES HALL.

Lascelles Hall or as it has been variously spelt, Lassil, Laceles, etc. is probably the site of the most ancient homestead in Lepton, and is contemporary or possibly older than Whitley. The Hall and the hamlet adjacent to it, evidently took their name from a family of Lascelles who appear to have lived there from the XIIth to the XVth centuries. A Ralph de Lascelles gave a bovate of land in Cumberworth to Nostell Priory before 1127; a Simon de Lascelles held three Knights fees of the Honour of Pontefract in 1166, he overcame Adam, son of Peter (de Birkin) in a trial as to land by Wager of Battle in 1193. Cecily and Agnes de Lascelles in 1287 held of Robert de Everingham, a carucate of land in Lepton, and in a Court Roll of the Manor of Heton (Kirkheaton), a distress was ordered against Nicholas Lascelles for Fealty and Service in arrears for tenements in Lepton in 1334, when he was said to be with the Constable at Pontefract Castle; his name also appears in a Charter as to land in Lepton in 1354.

The earliest mention of the Hall is in a Deed now in the Dodsworth Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. (Yorks. Arch. Soc. Records, Vol. LXI, p. 60).

“Carta Ricardi filii Umfridi de Laceles de Lacell-hall in parochia de Kirkheton juxta Almonbiri. Quitclaim by Richard De Laceles son of Humphrey de Laceles to Gop, St. Mary, St. John Baptist, and the Brethren of the Hospital (of Newland) of Richard son of William of Tikehill with all his issue and chattels, for the health of the souls of the donor and his ancestors, in pure and perpetual arms, free and quit. Witnesses:—Adam, parson of Hetona, Robert son of Richard de Lepton, Alan de Wytelai, Walter Fleming,. John de Heton, Adam de Rugelai, Richard son of Peter the Clerk of Sandalia, and others.’’

This Charter is without date, but from the witness ‘“Adam parson of Heton,”’ we know that this Quitclaim is of about 1220. It is also an early example of the con- veyance of a Serf with his family and goods from one owner to another.* There is no pedigree of these Lascelles and whether they and the houses of Harewood and Brackenbury had a common ancestory is not known. The male line of the Lascelles Hall family became extinct on the death of John Lascelles in the XVth century.t Coming from this ancient lineage he may under the Feudal custom

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have joined the train of one or other of the Nobles who took part in the Wars of the Roses, and fought in the battles of Wakefield and Towton. The year of his death is not known, and although perhaps he passed away peacefully at home, still, for aught we can tell, he may have died fighting in the meadows around Sandal Castle, or rest beneath those grassy mounds at Saxton, encircled by the bush roses that still linger about them. .

“There’s a patch of wild white roses that bloom on a battle-field, Where the rival rose of Lancaster blushed redder still to yield. Four hundred years have o’er them shed their sunshine and their snow, But in spite of plough and harrow, every summer there they blow, Though rudely up to root them with a hand profane you toil, The faithful flowers still cluster around the sacred soil, Though tenderly transplanted to the nearest garden gay, Nor cost, nor care can tempt them there to live a single day.”

John Lascells had three daughters co-heiresses, of whom Cecilia married William Dodsworth of Shelley in the parish of Kirkburton, he died before 1484. Margaret married George Frankish of Warmfield, nr. Wakefield; his Will was proved in 1476. Joan married about 1425 Henry Beaumont, jure uxoris of Lascelles Hall, whose Will was proved 1469, grandson of Henry Beaumont of Whitley Hall. All the structure above ground of the first Lascelles Hall has disappeared and the present house built upon the site, but what are believed to be the old arched cellars remain, and from measurements of these, the sketch of what may be presumed to represent the original mansion has been made. There is little doubt that it was a timbered building, H shape in design, with a lofty dining hall, open from rush-strewn floor to raftered roof, and a huge log hearth in the centre, kitchens at one end, and with-drawing rooms at the other, characteristic of medieval times. Situated on the rising ground overlooking Kirkheaton Church and beyond on the North the Vill of Heaton, Westwards Dalton, and the valley of the Colne; Southwards the Vills of Almondbury, Farnley-Tyas, and the Kirkburton valleys while to the East glimpses of Whitley could be seen.

* In contradistinction to the Charta of Richard de Laceles we are able to quote another granting freedom toa Serf. ‘‘ To all who shall see or hear this writing Robert de Lepton greeting in the Lord Eternal. Know all men that I have granted and by this my charter confirmed and entirely quit claimed from me and my heirs for ever Adam son of Siward de Lepton that he may be free from every kind of servile condition with all his issue begotten and to be begotten and with all their proceedings, perquisites, and purchases, from whatever lands and tenements they are held with, to go return and remain at their will wherever God shall permit, as it shall seem best to do, without any impediment and complaint from me and my heirs, he yielding therefor in every year for me to the honour of God on All Saints Day, and after my decease before him, for himself and his heirs in every year one candle at the altar of Blessed Mary in the Church of Heton for my soul and the souls of ail the faithful departed and for all services, exac tions and every demand, so, that is to say, that neither I nor my heirs nor anyone in our name may ever by artifice require, claim or hold proxy for me and my heirs to any right or claim against the aforesaid Adam or his offspring or their goods. So to this writing I have set my seal. These being witnesses: Will de Bemond, John le Fanny, ——- de Dalton, Thomas the son parson of Heton, Will de Healey, Henry de Lepton, Thomas the clerk, of Lepton, Adam de Healey, clerk, and others.”’ This Quitclaim is without date, but from the witnesses we know that it is circa 1310, + Watson in his History of Halifax, p. 282; Whitaker in Loidis and Elmet, p. 202; and Burke in Landed Gentry, mention Barbara daughter of John Lascelles of Lascelles Hall as the wife of Thomas Stansfeld of Stansfeld Hall, and in a MS. written by Richard Henry Beaumont of Whitley, the date of the marriage is given as 1390. She had a son John Stansfeld who in 1410 married Mary daughter of John Fleming of Wath. It is therefore evident that Barbara was the sister of the last John Lascelles of Lascelles Hall.

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"TIVH SHUTTHOSVT GNOOUS HHL

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The lands held by John Lascelles appear to have extended on the South and East to a large part of the district between Gawthorpe and Cownes Common, to the boundary of Lepton on the North and West, with the old home and part of the old domain of the Flemings in Dalton across the stream. This estate was inherited by his three daughters already mentioned; the Dalton portion (Fleming House) fell to the lot of Margaret, the wife of George Frankish, whose daughter Agnes married John Fryston of Altofts, and before 1580 had passed into the possession of William Ramsden of Longley. Cecily, wife of William Dodsworth had the Western part of the estate in Lepton, which was held by four generations of her descendants, until it came to her great-great-grandson Thomas Harrison who sold his interest in the property in 1594-6 to John Ramsden son of John Ramsden the brother and successor of William Ramsden of Longley; upon this site he built a second mansion and there were then two Lascelles Halls adjacent to each other with only a lane between them and surrounded by numerous intermingling stables and farm buildings—the Old Hall belonging to the Beaumonts and the New Hall to the Ramsdens. The Western, or as it was then, the New Lascelles Hall, built by the Ramsdens, was an Elizabethan house of stone, with six gables and a large central hall, the height of ground and upper floors, lit by a lofty mullioned window of some nine divisions with three transomes, and surrounded by a gallery with oak balusters and rail. To reach this gallery and the apartments leading from it, a wide doorway opened into a smaller hall from which broad massive stairs ascended. The whole of the interior was heavily panelled in oak. The main entrance to the mansion was on the opposite side to the illustration given here, and was approached through an archway, gatehouse, and court-yard. Reverting to the story of the Old Hall, the narratives of the Beaumonts who lived there after the Lascelles is so inseparably linked with the records of Whitley Hall which have already been given, that it would be merely repetition to relate them again, but with the advent of the Ramsdens, the annals of the place expand. About 1612-19, Richard Beaumont bought the guardianship of the five daughters of his second wife Elizabeth, daughter of Michael Wentworth of Woolley, by her first husband Thomas Oldfield, and granted Old Lascelles Hall for their jointure. Apparently John Ramsden was the purchaser. Early in the first half of the XVIIth century both Halls were owned by the second John Ramsden who died in 1637,and was succeeded by his son William who died in 1639, leaving an only son who died in infancy, before 1649, when the Lascelles Hall property passed to William Ramsden’s four surviving sisters and the son of a deceased sister. The deed of Partition between these sisters shows that in order,to arrange separate shares in the Estate, the New Hall was divided into two, and for distinction they were named the Overside and Lowerside Halls, thus with the Old Hall making three houses. The Old Hall was inherited by Jane Ramsden who married 1st Leonard Wray of Cusworth, and 2nd Roger Portington of Barnby-on-Don. The Lowerside Hall was inherited by Ellen Ramsden who married Henry Portington of Fishlake.

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The Overside Hall was inherited by Elizabeth Ramsden who married Thomas Wray of Sandal. The other sister Mary Ramsden who married Henry Grice of Sandal had three farms then in the occupation of Mathew Langley, John Mellor, and Wm. Wainwright, also the Lascelles Hall Milne of which James Mellor was tenant. This was the old corn mill near to Kirkheaton Railway Station, and was probably alienated from the Beaumont’s portion of the Lascelles Hall estate, at the same time as the Old Hall, by Richard Beaumont in 1612-1619. The Mill again came into the possession of the Beaumonts for Sir Thomas Beaumont in his Will proved in 1668 mentions having bought it from Henry Grice. John Wilson son and heir of Ann Ramsden, who married Marmaduke Wilson of West Tanfield, had three farms in Dalton then in the occupation of Wm. and Edw. Ainley, and Mathew Jaggar. The Ainleys had Fleming House and the Cowheys, and Jaggar what is now known as Greenside farm. By a fragment of a deed dated 1668 the Old Hall was again in the possession of the Beaumonts by that time. It probably reverted to Sir Thomas Beaumont on the expiration of the grant by his father in 1612-19 already mentioned. Sir Thomas Beaumont’s son, Capt. Richard Beaumont of Lord Castleton’s Regiment in Flanders, lived at Lascelles Hall with his wife Ann daughter of Thomas Ramsden of Hemsworth; their son Richard Beaumont also a Captain in the same Regiment was born at the Old Hall in 1670; he married Susanna, daughter of Thomas Horton of Barkisland, and inherited Whitley in 1703. He was the last of the Beaumonts to own the Hall, which he sold to George, son of John Denton of Broadroyde Head, in the parish of Darton about 1714. George Denton’s son, John, of Broadroyde Head, and his sisters, Eliza- beth and Ann sold the Old Hall in about 1757 to Joseph Walker of Cowlesley in Huddersfield for £2600. There seems to have been little alteration to the Old Hall during the latter decades of the Beaumont owners, but an heraldic decoration to the house was added, probably by Richard and Ann Beaumont, in adorning the ceiling of the Dining Hall, with an octagon shield of Arms blazoning with that of Beaumont, the coats of five of the families with whom they intermarried and two of the previous owners other than Beaumonts. I. Beaumont. 2. Ramsden. In 1666 Richard Beaumont married Ann daughter of Thomas Ramsden of Hemsworth. 3. Ashton. In 1651 Adam Beaumont married Elizabeth daughter of Ralph Ashton of Middleton. 4. Armytage. In 1626 Sir Thomas Beaumont married Elizabeth daughter of Gregory Armytage of Kirklees. 5. Nevile. In 1528 Richard Beaumont married Katherine daughter of Sir Robert Nevile of Liversedge. 6. Pilkington. In 1520 Roger Beaumont married Johanna daughter of Arthur Pilkington of Bradley. 47. Portington. In 1649 Roger Portington was owner of Old Lascelles Hall. 8. Dodsworth. Circa. 1450 William Dodsworth was owner of 1/3 of the Lascelles Hall estate.

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The Portingtons were an ancient family, and a Miss Portington who died near the end of the 18th century was said to be the last of her house. However just before her decease, a person of her name arrived at Barnby-upon-Don to claim her property. He went into the Church and exultingly produced his coat of arms (Gules on a bend sable, three Cornish choughs proper) which he averred were exactly the same as those upon Roger Portington’s monument. The Parish Clerk, a rough Yorkshire- man replied, ‘ Noa, noa, Maister but they baint, for your craws ha white legs and Portington’s ha red ones!’”’ From this and other circumstances he was unable to make good his claim. The Lowerside Hall which passed to Henry Portington, jure uxoris, before 1701 had come into the possession of George Shaw and his wife Mary, sister of Ann, wife of Captain Richard Beaumont of Old Lascelles Hall and daughter of Thomas Ramsden of Hemsworth. George Shaw’s daughter married Joseph Pool of Almondbury, and their son Thomas Pool inherited the Lowerside Hall from his grandfather George Shaw. This Thomas Pool’s grandson, also called Thomas, who died in 1814, directed his Executors to sell the Hall, when it was bought by Joseph Walker the grandson of the Joseph Walker who purchased the Old Hall about 1757. The Overside Hall that came into the possession of Thomas Wray of Sandal and Milnthorpe near Wakefield, in right of his wife was sold along with about 70 acres of land to the Rev. Christopher Richardson, M.A., of Trinity College, Cambridge, Rector of Kirkheaton, for £720 in 1661, which at the present day would represent a value of some £3000. The property purchased by the Rector is described thus:—“ All that good and capital Messuage Tenement, and Appurtenances in Lepton, called Lassel Hall, with all the Houses and Hereditaments belonging to the same, that is to say, the Overside of the Hall, to wit from the Great Hall body, with all the upper and lower rooms and the lower Gatehouse, excepting egress and regress for the Lower Hall. And all the old Laith and all along the other housing to the Dove Cote with all the Garner chambers, and both upper.and lower Barns, and the upper Gate-house, except- ing egress and regress through the same for the other part of the Hall, with the moyety and half part of the Fould, and the moyety and half-part of the Court-yard, and the moyety and half-part of the Garden stead, and also the moyety and half-part of the Laith garth, and the Orchard, with the Appurtenances. And also all those several closes or Parcels of ground called or known by the names of the Well Close, Pond Garth, South Riding, Willcock Ing, Coxley Ing, North Riding, Riding Ing, Brigg Ing, Milne Ing, Riding Holme, Wood Riding, Close Pinacle, the Westside of the Hall Ing containing nine acres one rood and eleven perches, with liberty to take the ‘“Sooken”’ through the Eastside of the Hall Ing, one week for another, the Pinacle, Close Riding, and Little Ing, also John Wood’s house and the Smithie, and the other houses and ground thereto belonging and adjoining, and the Bank Close and their and every of their Appurtenances in Lepton in the Parish of Kirkheaton.” Then follows a reservation of Right of Way for others, especially a “‘ Right to draw and fetch Water att Riding Well att all times for ever.’’ The Rev. Christopher Richardson was placed in the living of Kirkheaton by the Parliament in 1646. He held Puritan principles, and at the Restoration, foreseeing the rising storm as to the Act of Uniformity, it is presumed that in anticipation he bought the

Ss

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Overside Hall in 1661 and giving up the Rectory retired to his own property before the general ejectment in 1662. At Lascelles Hall he continued to minister to his late parishioners using the great central hall, which has already been mentioned as a “ Preaching room,” a name which the apartment locally retained until its final decay and demolition some 200 years later. He was the friend of that voluminous and amus- ing diarist the Rev. Oliver Heywood also of Trinity College, Cambridge, the ejected Minister of Coley, near Halifax. Heywood writing of one of his visits to Lascelles Hall, lifts the curtain that hides the past, and tells us that on 30th January, 1672/3, having promised to preach there:—‘“ I had to grapple with my bodily infirmity of a sad cold, a stopping cough and hoarseness; that was not all, some friends had set my wife on to dissuade me from going, but at last she yielded. Came hither about 11 o’clock, Mr. Richardson had begun. Gop helped beyond my expectation in body and heart, in preaching and praying. Two gentlemen that had been great opposers came purposely to hear me, Mr. Langley of Dalton, and Mr. Beaumont (Captain in Lord Castleton’s Regiment in Flanders). They sat under the window because they could not get in for the press of people.’ It is to be feared that Captain Beaumont did not benefit by the service, for a little later in his diary Heywood says:—“ Ist July 1674 there were several gentlemen at Whitley Hall, Capt. Beaumont of Lascelles Hall invited them to his house, he had laid up 19 gallons of wine against his wife

A XVIIth CENTURY “ BLACK JACK.”

No doubt Old Lascelles Hall was well-provided with the now vanished Leather Drinking Vessels of former days, and if Oliver Heywood’s record is correct, it is possible that Captain Beaumont’s:—

‘‘Nose did show, How oft the ‘‘ Black Jack”’ To his mouth did go.”

“ Jay-in ”; they came thither and besides beer and ale, they drank all those 19 gallons that night except 4 bottles; there was fearful blasphemous work, there they lay like swine, they were but 7 men that drunk all this.” Stern’s Uncle Toby tells us that

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2

the Army of that day “ swore dreadfully in Flanders”? and Thackeray writing ofa period but a few years later says:—‘‘ We cannot tell—you would not bear to be told—- the whole truth regarding these manners and times. You could no more suffer in a British drawing-room a fine gentleman, or a fine lady of those days, or hear what they heard and said, than you would receive an ancient Briton. It is as one reads about savages, that one contemplates the wild ways, the barbarous feasts, the terrific pastimes of the men of pleasure of that age.” The Rector was succeeded at Lascelles Hall by his son also called Christopher, M.A. of Edinburgh, who was the friend of Robert Meek, Incumbent of Slaithwaite, another diarist. On the 21st November 1689 Meek wrote, ‘‘ Went with Mr. Richard- son to some persons who had a piece of land for sale; he bought it and I drew up a bond for performance of agreement. 28th June, 1692. Rode towards Leeds, dined there about 12 o’clock and from thence went to Harrogate, where Knaresborough Spaws are. Lay allnight. 29th June. This morning went to the Wells and drank more for company than for any need, for I had not come thither but for the sake of Richardson and his wife. ist July. This morning about 1 o’clock Mr. Richardson was extraordinarily out of order through the Cholick, very bad all day, and yet we set homewards, took horse about 10 o’clock and came to Leeds about 2 o’clock dined and stayed until 5 came to Lascelles Hall about 9g o’clock. 20th June 1693. Walked with Mr. Richardson to Woodsome, sat with Sir John Kaye all the afternoon.” Christopher Richardson junior, died in 1721 leaving an only surviving son, Thomas Richardson, born 1700, and several daughters of whom Dorothy, the eldest married in 1709 John son of George Tolson of Dewsbury, the ancestor in the 7th generation of the writer of these annals. In thinking of the Hall and its surroundings in the days of the Rector and his immediate successors, it must be remembered that in their time some of the present roads did not exist; the Turnpikes to Wakefield and Kirkburton, for instance were not made until more than a century later and of course there were no Railways. Before the era of Factories with their smoke and fumes, the landscape must have been beautiful, studded with homesteads ‘‘ where trees bent over the pool in which the cattle cooled their feet and where the rushes grew.’’ Westwards from the bluff on which the Hall was built, the Richardson’s lands sloped sharply towards the stream running down the valley from Kirkburton, on the opposite bank of which rose the steep oak clad hill, aptly called the Round Wood, standing isolated and circular like a sentinel athwart the dale, and beyond it Fleming House, Dives House, Bank End, and the then open Common of Dalton, bright with furze and whin, while trending further away was Rawthorpe Hall and the growing town of Huddersfield, with Fixby in the distant back-ground, and far off over the mists from the Colne, lay the purple moor-lands of Stand-Edge and Dean-Head. We can imagine how towards sunset in those old days the family would love to sit beneath the spreading oak trees beyond the Courtyard and Gatehouse, and look out across the country, watching for those moments of strange and sudden glory, when the sun going down in a pageant of purple and gold, floods sky and field with his last splendour. Northwards in the hollow between the village of Kirkheaton and the Hall, the tower of the Church would meet the eye above the elm trees in the graveyard.

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“Oh! the Old Elms, what tales could they tell Of merry peals rung on the old Church bell, How recount they scenes, when yeoman or serf Was wed, or was laid ‘neath the soft green turf.”

A land of hills and woods once clothed with shady glades, where at Kirklees, three miles northwards, Robin Hood the Merry Outlaw, is said to have been buried midst the oaks and bracken where roamed the deer he loved so well. Streams where the trout ringed the shallows at eventide, the hare stole to drink in the gloaming and at morn the lark wet his whistle ere soaring to sing. Adjoining the Hall on the East was an old time garden that caught the morning sun and where the pigeons gathered to be fed by gentle hands.

“Long ago in fancy’s vision Bloomed a garden trim and gay With a sundial in the centre Telling hours each sunny day. There were rows of stately lilies Flow’r decked beds where roses grew, And a dove-cote near one corner, By an ancient spreading Yew. *Twas Mistress Dolly’s garden And the maiden fair and tall, Who was wont to walk within it Was the sweetest flow’r of all. In her petticoat of satin, And her gaily pattern’d gown, And the perfume, and the powder In her hair of sunny brown. Yes ! when dreaming I can vision That garden now no more, Where the Rector’s fair gran’daughter Culled the flowers in days of yore.”

Thomas Richardson born 1700, son of Christopher Richardson, M.A., and grandson of the Rector, seems to have been the last of the family to reside at the Overside Hall, for of his surviving sons, Thomas went to Walworth, Surrey, and died s.p., and John to Pule Hill, Silkston, Yorkshire. The Hall was then let to tenants, of whom one appears to have been Robert Molesworth, who in 1793 succeeded to the family honours as 5th Viscount Molesworth. In the Registers of Kirkheaton there

are the following entries :—

“ 28th Sept., 1763. William son of Robert Molesworth Esq. of Lascelles Hall. Baptised. 7th Sept., 1764. Walter John Gideon, son of Robert Molesworth Esq of Lascelles Hall. Bap- tised.

18th Dec., 1765. Eleanor daughter of Robert Molesworth Esq of Lascelles Hall. Baptised.”’ Thomas, son of John Richardson of Pule Hill was the next owner, he was a successful and energetic Merchant of the City of London, and the following is an amusing account of one of his ventures. During the reign of Queen Anne some Galleons, rather than be captured by a British Squadron, were sunk by their Spanish Captains in Vigo Bay in 1702. Here for a century the lost doubloons were supposed

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to have lain undisturbed, when a scheme by a Captain Dickson was originated to recover the treasure, and a ship was built for the purpose called “ The Enterprise ”’ in which Thomas Richardson.took a sixth share. She was commanded by a Captain William Brown, handsomely fitted, and the Cabin found with Silver Plate; she was provided with Diving Bells, for Diving Dresses were then unknown, and, having arrived off Vigo, her crew went to work, but nothing of value was reclaimed. A metal tankard was brought up and the searchers, remembering the El Dorado of the Old Spanish Main, expected it would be gold, or at least silver, but alas, a German chemist attached to the expedition pronounced it to be only “ var fin putar”’! In 1819 Thomas Richardson sold his property at Lascelles Hall, the largest portion of it being bought by Joseph Walker. Two other purchases of portions of the original Lascelles Halls by the Walkers have already been mentioned and by this third and last acquisition the whole of the purlieus of the Halls partitioned in 1649 became re-united. The Walkers pulled down the Old Hall of the Beaumonts and built the present Lascelles Hall on the site early in the 19th century; they were indifferent as to the fate of the interesting and picturesque houses that came into their hands. They were not sensitive to:— “The magic charm Which ancient Halls embalm.”’ Who does not love the texture of rain-worn stone and the delicate filigree of decay? Who will match the harmony of an old brick wall, the yellow lichen of a roof, or the rich brown of old oak beams? The result of the apathy of the owners soon became apparent when the chimneys, gabled roof, mullioned windows, and leaded glass of the old Lower and Overside Halls, fell rapidly into hopeless delapid- ation. The outbuildings were the first to go, and as the walls crumbled and tottered, a colony of cottages was built out of the ruins. They were generally innocent of paint, plaster or fittings, and destitute of comfort. These conditions produced a roistering tenantry, ‘‘ Hand-loom’”’ weavers for the most part, skilful at their trade, and possessed of warm Yorkshire hearts. They were famous cricketers, and the Lascelles Hall Cricket Club was known far and wide as one of the best in the country. About 1835 the ground floors of the Lower and Overside Halls were converted into a cloth manufacturers workshop and warehouse. Dye wares and yarn were piled against the panelled walls and the supports and stays of looms fixed to moulded and decorated ceilings; the fate of the upper rooms was equally bad for they were divided and let as dwellings. It is deplorable to know that a portion of a library that had been left by the Richardsons, or some subsequent tenant, was destroyed about this date, for one of the cottagers on being asked what had become of it replied:—‘ Aye, theer weer a mony books once, but we’n rave um up and brunt um for fire leeting.”” The demo- lition has long been complete and save perhaps for a cottage floor of broken diamond shaped flags, or the jamb of a once wide open hearth, nothing remains but a name and a tradition.

THE WALKERS OF LASCELLES HALL.

Joseph Walker the elder, came from Cowlersley in Linthwaite, nr. Huddersfield; he and his successors were Staplers and brought wool from the Midlands on Pack-

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horses to Lascelles Hall where they had warehouses. These Pack-horses were then to be seen wending their way down the narrow bridlepath, part of which still remains between Wearlhill and Spa Bottom; they were gaily caparisoned with bells round their necks, whose jingling music could be heard far and near. The old Pack-roads were narrow and usually had a causeway of rough flags laid along the centre of the track, and pedestrians warned by the bells had time to choose a harbour from the splashing mire from the horses feet as the train went by. What interest these cavalcades must have awakened in old and young as they went along with clattering hoofs, bearing bales like little mountains on their backs, and when they halted, the village folk would gather round to listen as the drivers retailed the news. Many of us are familiar with the old nursery “ Bell horses, Bell horses! what time of the day, One o’clock, two o’clock, gallop away.” Joseph Walker died in 1774 leaving two sons, Samuel, who succeeded him at Lascelles Hali, and Sir William Walker, Kt. of Leicester, who was High Sheriff of the county in 1823, also a daughter Sarah, who married George Armitage of Highroyde, Honley. Samuel Walker continued the Wool trade and was the builder of the present Lascelles Hall, he died in 1809 and was succeeded by his son Joseph Walker who purchased the Lower and Overside Halls from the Pools and Richardsons. He built Yew Cottage as a Dower house, now known as “‘ Lower Hall.”’ He left Lascelles Hall about 1845 and retired to Torquay, where he died in 1862, leaving an only daughter Amelia Walker, who inherited Lascelles Hall. After his removal to Torquay the Hall was let to tenants. Ist in 1846-49, to William Norton. and in 1849-59, to John Haigh. 3rd in 1860-67, to Wm. T. Marriott. 4th in 1868-93, to Wm. Edwards Hirst. Miss Walker died in 1892, and a year later her Lascelles Hall property was sold in various lots. The present Hall was purchased by James Swift, a Quarry owner, in order to obtain the stone under the land included with it, and Jno. Wm. Cocking bought Yew Cottage or the present Lower Hall. In 1897 Swift sold the Hall to J. C. Broadbent of Huddersfield, and on the death of Mr. Broadbent, his Exors. sold it back again to Swift. Upon the death of Swift his Exors. conveyed it to E. M. Brown of Huddersfield in 1918.

EXPLANATION OF PLAN. No.1. The first Lascelles Hall, built by the Lascelles, and probably dating from the XIVth and XVth centuries. It was pulled down about 1800 with the exception of the cellars which stillremain. The present Hall, which is the third of the name, was built by the Walkers at that time, upon the original site, and largely on the old foundations. 1a. Site of the Stables, etc. of the first Hall, rebuilt with additions by the Walkers about 1757. 2. Lascelles Hall, on the opposite side of the road, probably built by the Ramsdens

about 1594. 3. The Court Yard of the second Hall, at the Eastern end of which there was an archway. 3a. The Garden.

Gate-house to Courtyard. Called the Lower Gatehouse in the deed of 1649.

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To Spa Green and Fenay Bridge across a then unenclosed Common.

Lane to Whitley,

Lane to Stubbings and Kirkheaton Church.

PLAN OF LASCELLES HALLS. 1>°

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5. The “ Old Laith.” 6. The Dovecote. 7. and 8. The Upper and Lower Barns. 9. The Garner Chambers. 10. The Upper Gate-house. 11. The Pond. 12. The “ Great Laith.”’ In 1649 the whole property appears to have been owned by the heirs of William Ramsden, including the Old Hall, No. 1, which had for a time passed from the possession of the Beaumonts, and in that year the Estate was partitioned and divided. The Hall No. 2 was made into two, afterwards called the Lowerside (B) and Overside (c) Halls. The North Eastern portion of it marked B. and the Great Laith No. 12, forming one Moiety, and the South-Western part, marked c, with the Gate-houses and Farm buildings Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, the other moiety. The latter in 1661 was purchased along with some 60 or 70 acres of land including the ‘“‘ Pond- Garth ” by the Rev. Christopher Richardson, M.A. the ejected Rector of Kirkheaton. No. 13, Yew Cottage or as it is now called “‘ Lower Hall.” The story of Lascelles Hall would not be complete without reference to the Village Cricket Club, which obtained world-wide celebrity. It had the very ordinary beginning of some lads trespassing in a field of Mr. Joseph Walker’s in 1825 to play Cricket without leave. They were threatened with penalties, and went to the Hall to beg for leniency, when, Mrs. Walker hearing the circumstances, interceded for them, with the result that they were allowed the field permanently, and from this humble beginning the fraternity of Handloom weavers grew into the famous Club of cricketers who were destined to play such a dominant part in their County’s fame. In 1860-70 a number of great cricketers were being trained, who were so keen on practising that they would commence at noon intending to have just half an hour, but would often play on till dusk, when they would go back to their cottages, and, by the light of a candle, which shed its lava of grease down the side of the loom, would make up at night, part of the time they had lost at Cricket during the day. In 1874 and 1877 no less than seven Lascelles Hall players represented Yorkshire in their County matches, and in 1880-2 the Club sent out about twenty professionals, some of their engagements being at Eton and Clifton Colleges and Harrow School. Members of the Club also played in the English Elevens in Australia and America. Lascelles Hall reached the zenith of its reputation in 1870-1875, when such cricketers as:—Luke Greenwood, John Thewlis, Ephraim Lockwood, Allan Hill, Billy Bates and several other first class players were at their best. When Lockwood appeared for the first time in the Yorkshire Eleven at the Kennington Oval in 1868, the Cockney crowd giggled and grinned as he stepped on to the field in a pair of trousers that had shrunk in the washing and a shirt with red, black and green squares like a Church window. Lockwood looked a raw country lad and had gone up to the great Metropolis carrying his trousers and shirt in a parcel and his bat in his hand. The spectators that laid themselves out to laugh soon realized that he was not as raw as he looked; their good natured chaff turned to ungrudging praise,and when Ephraim left the wicket with a score of 91, his fame was established. With the decay of Handloom weaving came the decline of Lascelles Hall cricket, the Secretary of the Club on being asked

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in the presence of a well-known Powerloom maker, what was the cause of this deterioration, replied. ‘‘ Ask your friend here, it is his fast looms that have destroyed our fast bowling and batting.” In later days there were other notable cricketers in the parish, Herbert Hirst and Wilfred Rhodes, but they were members of the Kirkheaton Club and not Lascelles Hall.

DENBY GRANGE.

A Grange in its original signification meant a distant farm and granary of a Monastery, with a Monk in charge, who was called the Prior of the Grange. As previously stated the Abbey of Byland had considerable possessions in Denby, and the present Denby Grange—the home of the Lister-Kayes—takes its name from, and stands on, or near the site of the old buildings of the outlying farm of the Monks. From the Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 127, and the same Society’s Record Series, Vol. XLVIII, p. 127, we learn that Richard Andrews, and William Ramsden acquired the lands of Byland and Kirklees in Denby from the Crown on the Dissolution of those Houses. Ina MS. in the Yorks. Arch. Library, M. 177 and 178, we find the following memorandum recorded by John Kaye of Woodsome, who was living in 1585. “My father Arthur Kay dyd bye the Manor of Denby Grange with all the members and fre rents thereunto belonging in Breretwistle, Flockton, Whitley and Emley.” The Kayes were at Woodsome in the parish of Almondbury as early as the reign of Henry VI, having been preceded there by the families of Fynchenden and Tyas. The above Arthur Kaye married Beatrice daughter of Mathew Wentworth of Bretton, the covenant for which being dated 1517, and their names are carved on the oak beam over the wide open fire place that still remains in the old hall at Woodsome. Succeed- ing Kayes entered in the manuscript referred to above, the improvements they made to their estates during the later 16th and early 17th centuries, and with regard to John Kaye, grandson of the John who mentions the purchase of Denby Grange, the chronicler says :— “John Kay in 1636 added to the Family book an account of what he had done. The greatest work was the building of the Hall Parlour, Study, Buttery, and Cellars, at Denby Grange upon a rock of stone, over them a Dining Chamber, a Gallery, three Lodging Chambers, Porch Chamber, and Stair-case, leading to them all; over them Chambers in the roof, and Dove-cotes in the ridge. He brought water in Owler troughs to the Brew-house, and in lead to the Kitchen. He made the Corn-laith and Stable, the west end of the Hay-laith, and raised the Pinfold wall. He latted and limed the Chambers in the old house, which were all open to the roof before his time, and sett the Coach-house at the west end of the buildings.” Not much of the old Grange remains for it has been replaced by a large and comparatively modern Georgian Mansion by later Kayes. John Kaye of Woodsome son of the last named John was created a Baronet by Charles I, in 1641-2, and the family book contains an entry as to the birth of his heir. “John Kay, son of John had a son born at Denby Grange 25th Feby. 1639, he was christened in the hall by Mr. Sikes, parson of Heaton. John Kay his grandfather, Ralph Ashton his uncle, and Ann Kay his grandmother were witnesses 3rd March 1639. His name is John.”

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KAYE OF WOODSOME and Creation of Baronetcy Quartering LISTER

KAYE Ancient

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This John became znd Baronet and was Knight of the Shire for co. York. Hisson Sir Arthur Kaye 3rd Baronet had an only child and heir Elizabeth who married George Legge, Viscount Lewisham eldest son of the first Earl of Dartmouth. By this marriage Woodsome passed to the Dartmouths, but the title devolved upon Sir John Lister-Kaye, son of Sir Arthur’s brother George Kaye of Denby Grange, by his wife Dorothy, daughter of Robert Savile.. This Sir John Lister-Kaye of Denby Grange assumed the name of Lister-Kaye on succeeding to the estates of his father’s cousin Christopher Lister of Thornton. He married Ellen daughter of John Wilkinson of Greenhead, Huddersfield, and was elected M.P. for the City of York in 1734, and Lord Mayor in 1737; he was succeeded by his son Sir John Lister-Kaye of Denby Grange as the fifth Baronet of the first creation. He was High Sheriff for co. York in 1761. The Rev. Joseph Ismay, Vicar of Mirfield, records in his Diary, a visit to Denby Grange in 1758, when this Sir John showed him:— “Several old family documents wherein pardon and prayers were obtained by his pre- decessors before the Reformation for the souls of themselves and their posterity.” Perhaps Sir John placed considerable importance to this perpetual absolution, for he was one of a trio of bachelor Squires who are said to have bound themselves in large sums never to marry, Sir Thomas Blackett of Bretton, and Colonel Radcliffe of Milnsbridge being the other two. Sir John kept his vow and died unmarried in 1789, having devised his estates to his illegitimate son John, who assumed the name of Lister-Kaye, and was made first Baronet of the new creation in 1812. He married Lady Amelia Grey, daughter of the 5th Earl of Stamford and Warrington. Although the estates of the Kayes have minished and much of their past im- portance has departed, Denby Grange is still their home, and is occupied by Sir Cecil Edmund Lister-Kaye, who married Lady Beatrice Pelham-Clinton, daughter of the 6th Duke of Newcastle. His brother the late Sir John Pepys Lister-Kaye was for some years Groom-in-Waiting to King Edward VII. He took his Christian name Pepys from his mother Lady Caroline Pepys, daughter of the rst Earl of Cottenham, a descendant of John Pepys of Cottenham, co. Cambridge, great-uncle of Samuel Pepys, the Diarist, Secretary to the Admiralty temp. Charles II and James IT. John Metcalfe, better known as Blind Jack of Knaresborough made many of the Yorkshire Roads. Edmund Bogg in his “‘ Eden Vale to the plains of York,” gives the following letter from Metcalfe to a friend:—

“In the year 1760 I agreed to make between 20 and 30 miles of Turnpike Road from Wakefield towards Manchester. I stationed myself and family at a place called Lepton, about 5 miles East of Huddersfield. I frequently went to see Colonel Radcliffe; he was a Captain of a Company of Militia then, and one of the principle Commissioners to the Turnpike Road.* One time I found a coach standing in the Courtyard; I asked why it was there, and he told me he had been building a new hall, but had got no out-buildings; besides he said he had no occasion for it, though it cost his father one hundred guineas. I told him as he had no lady I would buy itfor my lady. After a good many words betwixt us I agreed for it for four guineas, though it was worth four or five times that money. Colonel Radcliffe was a Justice of the Peace, his Clerk was rather a merryish disposition, and he said “ I would have you to come on such a day forit; the Justice will be from home, and I will ride with you in it to Huddersfield.”” Accordingly I did, and we both got into the coach. A man who was rather short of understanding rode the fore-horse, with a short pipe in his mouth and without a hat. We had a pick-axe on one side of the coach and a spade on the other. Lest

* Colonel Wm. Radcliffe of Milnsbridge House, who died unmarried in 1795. T

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138 KIRKHEATON.

they should mention any duty to us, we meant to say we were removing tools for the use of the Turnpike Road. We drove to the best Inn in Huddersfield and had plenty of Com- pany. We then proceeded home to Lepton, and the Sunday following yoked six cart-horses to the Coach, and I told my wife she should ride in a coach and six of her own. Sir John Kaye of Grange Hall lived about a mile away from us and he being a good-natured gentle- man and often free in talking to me, I sent to let him know that I and my lady were going an airing on Grange Moor with my coach and six, and would be glad if he would accompany us with his chaise. Sir John was very diverted with the joke. A few days after I said to my lady, if we continued the equipage we should want new liveries for servants and new harness for six horses, so I put my former intention into execution, which was to pull the coach to pieces, and take off the leather and iron for proper use, and put the wheels on to two little carts. I can’t say but it caused rather a flatnessin my lady to see her splendid equipage so suddenly demolished.”

Although not in the Parish of Kirkheaton an allusion to Woodsome, the ancestral home of the Kayes may be excused. A quadrangular Tudor house of many gables and leaded windows of diamond panes, bowered in ancient trees, looking eastwards across the valley towards Grange and Whitley, gilded in the morning sun; one of the finest examples of that period, unspoilt by alterations and decay. Time has laid a gentle hand upon its grey walls, corniced chimneys, and balustraded terrace, where in Spring the lilies of the valley and musk force their leaves and flowers through the joints and crevices of the footworn flags, memorial of fair hands that perchance strewed the petals and seedpods there when “‘ Bess was Queen.”’ In the hall were formerly two oak panels dated 1567:— One displaying a painting in Holbein style, of John Kaye surrounded by his sons, and many curious proverbs and admonitions, surmounted by the arms of Kaye and Finchenden, quarterly; on the other, the portrait of his wife Dorothy Mauleverer, over which are the arms of Kaye and Finchenden, quarterly, impaling Mauleverer, and on each side the names of the families to whom she and her husband were related. “ Here underwritten doth begynn Sertayne frends of my howsband’s kin, On thother syde there may ye see, Certayn that be akynne to me.” These panels are painted on both back and front and were hung on jibs so as to be easily turned round. On the reverse of the first are 66 coats of arms divided into two columbs headed with the inscriptions :—

“ Thes arms yt folowe in this map are kin to Woodsome by John Kaye. Thes arms subscribed here so ryfe are kine to Woodsome by his wiffe.”

On the reverse of the second panel there is a family tree, showing the children and grandchildren of Arthur Kaye the father of John. ““Here Arthur slepis in quyete rest Who iustly delt and none opprest, This tree too springs owt of his brest, His fruite O Christ thorow ye be blest.” As already stated Woodsome passed by marriage to the Earls of Dartmouth, and in 1922 the Hall was let as a Club House for a Golf Course in the Park, when these Panels were sold in London by Auction and bought by the writer, who, on a sub- scription for a portion of the cost being raised, transferred them to the Ravenskowle

Museum, Dalton.

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WOODSOME HALL.

ARMS OF KAYE ON CEILING AT WOODSOME HALL.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 139

LirEy Hatt.

This old Hall is on the border of the townships of Whitley Upper and Hopton, the latter being in the parish of Mirfield. It was the home of the Thurgarlands who had removed from Thurgoland in the parish of Silkston, but retained their manor of Thurgoland which they originally held of Roger de Leycester early in the XIVth century. (See Hunter’s South Yorks., Vol. II, p. 269.) Glover in his Visitation of Yorkshire mentions a family of De Insula as living there and states that Joan de Insula married Richard Thurgarland and from a Court Roll of the Manor of Lepton 9 Henry VII, quoted by Dodsworth in his Agbrigg Notes, Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 418, it is evident that before 1493 he had also married Beatrix daughter and heir of William D’Isle, or Lyley, of Lyley Place, in the parishes of Kirkheaton and Mirfield, who was probably his first wife. This Richard Thurgarland’s grandson John Thurgarland of “ Le Lyley ”’ gent. died in 1545-6 seized of a capital messuage of that name, which he held of Sir Henry Savile, Kt. John Thurgarland’s grandson, George Thurgarland, married Ann, daughter of Henry Mitton of Colne, and rebuilt Liley Hall in 1596. The Rev. Joseph Ismay of Mirfield in his Diary in 1758, says the

initials of this George and Ann T. were at that time to be seen carved in a stone panel G.A. over the door, and that the arms of the family:—Arg. a 1596. cross moline in saltire between

four mullets sable, were blazoned on the plaster-work in the hall of the old mansion. From a Fine in 1622 it appears that George and Ann Thurgarland sold the old family manor of Thurgoland to John Balmforth of Pule-Hill at this time. The Thurgarlands adhered to Mirfield as their Church and were baptised, married and buried there until the beginning of the XVIIIth century, when they appear to have left Liley for the neighbourhood of York, or Normanton. In 1758 Liley Hall was the property of Harrison Pilkington of Chevet, and is now a more or less dilapi- dated farm-house owned by Frank Ed. Thorpe Jones-Balme of Ambleside, Westmorland. OVERHEATON AND COLNE BRIDGE FORGE. In connection with The Dickens Family. Overheaton the property of the Beaumonts of Whitley was in the tenancy of Thomas Dickens at the time of his death in 1692. It is situated on the higher ground of the township of Kirkheaton at an altitude of 500 feet overlooking the valleys of the Colne and Calder. It becomes monotonous to describe so many of these old home- steads as decrepit, and now degenerate cottages, but such is the fate of the house at Overheaton. Time lays a destroying hand on these bygone Yeoman Halls, and slowly but surely obliterates their former importance and air of quiet distinction. Colne Bridge is at the foot of the hill below Overheaton, and near the river. Although the Forge there was continued long after Thos. Dicken’s time, nothing now remains to indicate it, save the grass grown outline of the dam and leat, that supplied the water-wheel of the old Iron mill.*

* Colne Bridge Forge belonged to the Beaumonts and is mentioned in the Inquisition Post Mortem of Thomas Beaumont of Lascelles Hall, dated 1560, where he is stated to have been in possession of: ‘‘ One Water Milne, and. the Molendin ferrar called Colne smythie, with three cottages, loft, croft, and one parcel of land called Le Smythie-place, with the right of water through the milne.”

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KIRKHEATON.

We know nothing of the antecedents of Thomas Dickens; he appears at Over- heaton and Colne Bridge Forge in the latter half of the XVIIth century, but where he came from is not apparent, He is an example of the too frequent occurrence in local history, of a family establishing themselves in a neighbourhood for a few decades and then their descendants vanishing as obscurely as they arrived. Members of other kin called Dickens, from various places have come to Kirkheaton to see the monument of the Overheaton family in the Church, and suggested that they were descendants of our old Iron-master, but as he left only one son who died unmarried in 1701 it is evident they are mistaken.

DICKENS PEDIGREE.

.... Dickens of ....... married .....,.

1. Ann Dickens, buried Kirkheaton 1721, mentioned in Will of her brother Thomas Dickens.

2. Margaret Dickens. 8. Thomas Dickens of Overheaton, Kirkheaton, and Colne Bridge Forge, born 1623 died 1692, buried at Kirkheaton. Will dated 1690, proved 1701, married Elizabeth . . . ., born 1630, died 1702, buried at Kirkheaton.

i,

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Ii.

IV.

VI.

Thomas Dickens of Kirkheaton, baptised there 1663, buried there 1701 unmarried. Administration granted to his mother 1701.

Elizabeth, baptised Kirkheaton 1655/6, married there 1683 to Richard Norfolk. (A Richard Norfolk was buried in Leeds in 1722). 1. Richard Norfolk of Leeds and Oulton, married at Rothwell 1722 to Susannah Senior. a. Dickens Norfolk baptised Rothwell 1723. b. Mary, baptised Rothwell 1731. married there 1762, to Joseph Johnson.

Ann, born 1657/8, married William Elmsall of Thornhill, buried Thornhill 1718, without issue. She was a second wife and William Elmsall had been previously married to Ann Tilson of Soothill who died 1702, probably a descendant of Bishop Henry Tilson. With other children by her William Elmsall had :— rt. Edward Elmsall who married Sarah Woodhead of Sheffield, and had a daughter and heir Ellen married in 1761 to Walter Vavasor of Weston. 2. William Elmsall, who married Mary Gordon, whose father was Admiral of the Fleet of Peter the Great of Russia. 3. The Rev. Hy. Elmsall, M.A. of Cambridge who was Rector of Thornhill 1733-67. (See Minor Families, Vol. III, p. 905).* Martha, baptised Kirkheaton 1658/9 who married... . Mare. Mary, baptised Kirkheaton 1666/7, married there 1703 to Robert Willmot. She died without issue 1718/9; he died 1717. By her Will dated 1718 she left most of her property to her brother-in-law Thomas Wilmot, and five family portraits to other relatives; these may have been painted by Henry Tilson, the artist, who was a pupil of Sir Peter Lely, grandson of Bishop Tilson, and probably brother of the first wife of William Elmsall mentioned above.t She (Mary Willmot) left her gold watch to Frances Beaumont, daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall, who married George Beau- mont of the Oaks in Darton. Sarah, baptised Kirkheaton 1668/9 who married Mathew Woodhead of Colne Bridge, in 1698. (See Paver’s Marriage Licenses, Vol. III, p. 100).

* Whitaker’s History of Leeds, p. 325. Monument of the Elmsalls of Thornhill on wall of the South Chancel. Elmsalls have for ages past been Stewards of the Saviles, and still continue so, 1779.” + For an engraving of one of Henry Tilson’s portraits see History of Whalley, 1806 edition.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. I4I

There were other children of Thomas and Elizabeth Dickens who died young, viz:— Mary born 1660, buried at Kirkheaton 1662/3. William born 1664, buried at Kirkheaton, 1685. Samuel born 1677, buried at Kirkheaton 1677. Dickens and his family were liberal contributors to the support and embellish- ment of Kirkheaton Church. In 1663/4 he was one of the subscribers to the extension of the North Aisle. By his Will he left 6s. 8d. per year to the Poor of Kirkheaton as long as his lease of Colne Bridge Forge continued. The Silver Paten at Kirkheaton bears the inscription ‘‘ The Gift of Thomas Dickens, gent. deceased September 23rd, 1692. To ye only use of ye Parish Church of Kirk:heaton.”’ The date letter of this piece of plate is 1699, from which it is obvious that it was presented by his widow and children a few years after his death. The “ Dickens Loft ”’ or old West Gallery of the Church was given by some member of his family, probably either his daughter Ann before her marriage, or his sister, also called Ann, who died unmarried in 1721, for the initials A.D. entwined and reversed were carved on the oak front of it. This gallery was erected about 1702, and taken down in 1886.

Dickens was the inventor of an early form of rolling mill which is mentioned by Ralph Thoresby in Ducatus Leodiensis published in 1715 in connection with Kirkstall near Leeds, viz: ‘“‘ What is most remarkable here is the Iron Forge which might serve Vulcan himself and his Cyclops to work in, and a mill that Mr. Dickens of late years erected for rolling Iron into plates and bars, etc.”

The Arms on the Dickens monument in Kirkheaton Church are:—Erm. a cross flory, impaling, a chev. between two eagles displayed in chief, and a mullet in base. The tinctures have perished. Erm. a cross patonce sa. is the coat of Dickens of Staffordshire. The nearest coat to the impaled arms is that of Johnson of Goldington, co. Bedford :—Az. a chev. or between two eagles volant, and a sun in base of the second. The crest on the monument is broken but has probably been:—On the stump ofa tree, entwined by a serpent, a falcon ppr., which is confirmed by the fragment that remains, and is given in Fairbairn’s Book of Crests, 1860 edition, as that of the Dickens family.

FRANCIS WATTS OF COLNE BRIDGE FORGE.

The next lessee of the Forge was Francis Watts, born 1677, the fourth son of Ben- jamin Watts of Barns Hall in Ecclesfield by his second wife Alice, daughter of Robert Nettleton of Thornhill Lees. He was the grandson of the Rev. Richard Watts of Trinity College, Cambridge, who was vicar of Chesterton, Chaplain to the Earl of

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Strafford, and had Barns Hall by gift of his half brother, Sir Richard Scott, Kt., comptroller of the household of the unfortunate Earl. Francis Watts married Anne, daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley and Lascelles Halls, in 1729, and died in 1737, leaving an only child Susanna, who eventually inherited the Watts properties as the surviving heir of her father and uncles; she married Sir William Horton of Chadderton, created a Baronet in 1764, and had Sir Watts Horton, Bt., who married Harriet, sister of the 12th Earl of Derby. Sir Watts was succeeded in the Baronetcy by his brother, the Rev. Sir Thomas Horton, vicar of Badsworth, who married Eliza- beth, another sister of the 12th Earl of Derby. Francis Watts had five I. The Rev Richard Watts, M.A. of Trinity College, Cambridge, who died without issue. 2. Robert Watts of London, whose four daughters died without issue. Benjamin Watts of London who died without issue. John Watts of Kirkstall Forge, Mayor of Leeds, 1742, who died without surviving issue. 5. The Rev. Wm. Watts, D.D., and Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxon., Prebendary of Durham, no issue. Also three sisters who died unmarried. By his Will proved 1738 Francis Watts with other bequests left £10 to his Clerk “Mr. John Brook ” who succeeded him at Colne Bridge Forge. There is a tablet to Watts and his wife at Kirkheaton Church.

eo

THE Brooks OF COLNE BRIDGE FORGE.

John Brook who was clerk to Francis Watts succeeded his old master at Colne Bridge Forge. He was the eldest son of Richard Brook of High Hoyland, who was previously of Lepton in the parish of Kirkheaton.

Richard Brook of High Hoyland and previously of Lepton in parish of Kirkheaton. Will proved at York 1762. Married Sarah...... buried at High Hoyland 1753. Their children were :— 1. John Brook of Colne Bridge Forge. Will proved 1772. Married Anna Maria..... They had :— 1. Charles Brooke of Dawknole, Kirkheaton and later of Bradley. Born 1752; Steward to Sir George Armytage, Bt., of Kirklees in 1772. The Diarist. Married Jane Popplewell at Hartshead Church in 1782. 2. Maria Brook who married James Bower of Hathersage, co. Derby in 1774 at Kirk- heaton Church. 2. Richard Brook of High Hoyland, born 1719, buried there 1793. I Exor. to his brother John. Married Sarah... . born 1728, buried High Hoyland 1792. They had:— i. Richard Brook, born 1758, buried High Hoyland, 1792. 2. Edward Brook of Leeds. George Brook. Martha Brook, who married John Cockill. Elizabeth Brook, who married George Stringer of Emley.

oP oo

Mary Brook. The Forge seems to have been prosperous at this time for we learn from the Diary

of John Turner of Hopton that in 1756 John Brook bought property in Kirkheaton, which included Dawknowle Farm and other lands, from the heir of John Kaye of

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Kirkheaton; the purchase price was £3000, and the rental £110 per year.* In the same Diary we find an entry of what seems to have been the sale of Colne Bridge Forge to, or amalgamation with, Kirkstall Forge. “1st July, 1760, Mr. John Brook, Colnebridge advertised in Manchester paper to part with all places, Mr. John Crook of Kirkstall to pay and receive all.” Whatever the nature of this transaction may have been it did not end the connection of the Brooks with the Works at Colne-bridge. John Brook died in 1771, and was succeeded by his son Charles, who was then a minor 1g years of age, and continued the management of the Forge until the end of 1776, when he became Steward for Sir George Armytage of Kirklees. Charles Brook kept a diary and for the years 1776-7, we are able to give extracts from it of entries, not only relating to the Forge, but glimpses of the country life in Kirkheaton a century and a half ago, a fragment of embalmed reality that has floated down to us on the eddies of the stream of time.

Diary OF CHARLES BROOK.

1776. 26th Jany. Continuation of ffrost and very severe. Carried Polly Roper behind me on my Bay horse, being the first time he ever was tried since I had him, he kicked her off just as we came to Ledgerd Bridge, Mirfield. _ 27th Jany. My horse would not carry double this morning, neither had I any wish for him to do so as I intended calling to see my dear Miss Hirst. Mr. Nalson brought Polly Roper behind him. I believe my horse would have carried double, but I encouraged him not to do so. ‘ 19th Feby. Mr. Thompson came and bled my mother this afternoon. 15th May. Walked the boundaries of the Town this day with Mr. Burton (the Rector) and the rest of the Churchwardens. Dined at Rd. Battley’s. Went to the Forge in the afternoon, had the Dam drawn, only caught two Trout and some few Gudgeons. 16th May. Mr. Walker of Rawthorpe dined here. I went to Mr. Burton’s in the afternoon, drank tea, supped, and spent the evening, there was a great deal of company, they had a Dance. Mr. and Mrs. Horsfall (Curate of Kirkheaton) and I left them at 12 o’clock. 14th June. Mr. Walker of Lasse] Hall, Mr. Burton, Mr. Horsfall, Mr. Hinchcliffe (the Rev. J. Ismay in his diary says that Mr. Hinchcliffe was a relative of Dr. John Hinchcliffe Bishop of Peterborough), Mr. Nalson, and Mr. Carr of Birstal were here today. 15th June. Went down to the Bowling Green in the afternoon, Nalson called for me and we called of Mr. Horsfall. There was Mr. Walker of Lassel Hall, and his company, and T. Burton and his sister, and Mr. and Mrs. Walker of Rawthorpe. We drank tea there and bowled. 17th June. This day bought 140 Weye of Mettal, 50 to K(irkstall) and 90 to Colnebridge Forge, at £5 14. o. per ton to be paid for at Cand: and May days next.} t9th June. Bathed with Tommy Dutton this day being the first time this year. In the evening went down to Edward Hinchcliffe’s and from there to Easthorpe where I stayed with my dear Betty till past 2 o’clock.

* In 1777 Charles Brook let Dawknowle to the Rev. John Sunderland, Curate of Kirkheaton, for f21 a year. This property afterwards came into the possession of John Beaumont of Ravenskowle, Dalton, and was sold by his daughter Mrs. Grove-Grady, to Hefford Ainley of Kirkheaton in 1890. The vendor of the Kirkheaton property bought by John Brook in 1756 was Robert Kaye the nephew and heir of John Kaye of Kirkheaton, who married Langley Pickles daughter of Joseph Pickles, by Katherine his wife, sister of thelast Arthur Langley of Rawthorpe Hall, Dalton. See Will of John Kaye, proved at York, 1746, and the Latin inscription on his gravestone, near the south-east corner of the Vestry in Kirkheaton Church yard. According to Turner this Robert Kaye was living in Essex in 1756. 7 A Weye is an obsolete unit of weight, being 14 stones according to the old Statute, but it varied in different localities. 140 Weyes of 14 stones each—1960 Stones or 12} Tons.

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144 KIRKHEATON.

2ist June. Went to Wakefield this morning with John Mallinson (his father’s Exor:) dined at the Strafford Arms, saw Miss Walker of Rawthorpe at Wakefield. Called at Easthorpe on my way back, and bought a calf of Mr. Hirst—most sadly dear ! 30th June. Sunday. At Church twice, called at Mr. Horsfall’s as I went in the afternoon, where was Miss Ismay. Young Rhodes came in the chaise for his mother. The ladies and gentlemen sat in my seats. I collected the rents for the seats. Drank tea at Mr. Horsfall’s. Mr. and Mrs. Horsfall, Miss Rhodes, T. Burton and I took a walk with Miss Ismay part of her way home. rath July. At the Forge all day, they began rolling hoops, the first that were ever rolled at

Colne Bridge.* zoth July. Laid the first stone of the foundations of the new house at Colne-bridge and gave

them five shillings. 30th July. Went to Mirfield to see Elizabeth Hirst and drink her health; she is this day 22 years old. 5th Aug. Assisted Tommy Dutton in receiving £500 of Mr. Fenton for some land he had sold Mr. Beaumont in Lepton. (The Duttons were a Colne-bridge family. ‘‘ Thomas, son of Thomas Dutton of Coln-bridge’”’ baptised at Kirkheaton in 1703 was probably the father or grand-father of the Tommy Dutton of the Diary). 7th Aug. Dined at the “ Church Style ” with Mr. Fenton, assisted him in receiving the Rents, weighed the gold. Went to Mirfield and spent the evening with E.H. goth Aug. Dr. Wilson called and we drank two or three basins of rum water. 16th Aug. Went to see Mr. Bertram to speak to him about some money towards carrying on the building, he said I might have £50 or £60 on Friday. 2ist Aug. Went to Mirfield; my dear E. H. gave me a bottle of the Syrup of Cloves. Kitty Roper came in ye evening in ye chaise, she had been at Kirklees with Mrs. Aizlabie. (Kitty Roper was probably related to the Armytages of Kirklees, for Hannah Armytage, aunt to the then Sir George Armytage, married Francis Roper of Barnsley). 27th Aug. Bottled the cowslip wine. ist Sept. At Church twice, Mr. and Mrs. Walker of Lasel Hall and Mr. and Mrs. Horsfall drank tea at our house. and Sept. Avery wetday. Nalson came here to breakfast to goa shooting, but ye morning was so bad, we would not go out until ye afternoon. Called of T. Burton and Samy Walker, they went with us. I killed a brace of birds, Nalson a brace, Samy Walker one old bird, and Burton none. 6th Sept. In the afternoon went to Leeds to see my dear E.H. After I got to Leeds sent for a Barber and had my hair dressed, then went down to Mrs. Dawson’s; the ladies were gone to the play. I found them and very luckily got the back seat next tothem. The play was “The Maid of the Mill.” toth Sept. Sir Lionel (Pilkington) came to Bradley today; he found some fault with the new building. 27th Sept. Went to Kirkstall and lay there. * The Rolling Mill could be driven by a Water-wheel connected with the Dam, in which the Trout and Gudgeon

were caught, mentioned earlier in the Diary, and no doubt an old-fashioned Tilt-hammer in the style of the sketch below would also be worked by it.

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28th Sept. Mr. Cotton came down from Horsforth, Mr. Stanhope followed soon after, they inspected the Works, had some conversation relative to a new lease being taken. Dined at Kirkstall, went to Harewood at after, called at Horsforth where we stayed till 7 o’clock, got to Harewood at 10 o’clock, Mr. Cotton proposed going to Kirkstall again to take a more perfect account of all the Works. (Probably one of the Cotton’s of Haigh who were large Iron Masters). 16th Octr. At Colne-bridge in the morning. Collected my rents at Rd. Battley’s in the evening. 2ist. Octr. Mr. Walker and his brother Joe breakfasted here, I went a shooting with them, called at Mr. Horsfall’s, he went with us. Dined at Lassel Hall. Samy Walker told me he was to be married to Miss Firth of Kipping near Bradford. Miss Walker of Rawthorpe is this day 24 years of age. 25th Octr. Went this morning to Dr. Wilson with an intent to be bled, but he was not at home. Called at Mr. Child’s on my way home, Miss Child played me some tunes on the Spinnet. Mr. Walker of Rawthorpe spent the afternoon here, Mr. Horsfall and Miss Rhodes supped and spent the evening here, played at Cards. 4th Nov. Let David Tunnacliffe the Plastering work for the new house at Colne Bridge. 7th Dec. Had my hair cut off this day and had my new Wig on. 13th Dec. A general Fast was this day observed throughout England to return thanks for the success our Forces had in America. Had my head shaved. 1777- 2ist. Jany. Received a barrel of Oysters from Mr. Norris this day. Feby. A very fine day, frosty in the morning. Came from Preston to Chorley to breakfast, 12 miles, from Chorley to Manchester to dinner, 22 miles, came home in the afternoon 29 miles stopped at Marsden a little. Had company from Manchester to Blackmoor Foot, got home about 8 o’clock, rode my new horse (63 miles). 14th Feby. Mr. Horsfall set off for London this morning to renew his former “‘ Tor”’ (aim) for Dewsbury Living, the late Incumbent, Mr. Lazonby, dying the last night. 27th Feby. Went to Whitley to dine with Mr. Beaumont and have some conversation with him about exchanging or selling him some land, but he was not at home, dined there and spent the afternoon with Mr. Lumm, and part of the evening. Mr Beaumont came home whilst I was there, but too late tospeaktohim. I fell from my horse as I came home while opening a gate owing I suppose to drinking a little too much and from the frequent dizziness I had in my head. I lost my horse and returned to the house. The servants found the horse, and Robert Fishborne the Game Keeper came as far as Cockley Hill home with me, for which I gave him a shilling. 7th Mar. Bled my horse this morning. 8th Mar. Bled two cows. 2oth Mar., 1777. Iam this day 25 years of age. 29th April. Mrs. Walker of Lassel died at Mr. Slater’s, she being upon a visit there. 25th June. Mr. Dyson came along with Mr. Sunderland (Curate of Kirkheaton) this morning to assist him in taking and agreeing for my House, they viewed the premises I let them the House, the Croft, Carroyde, and Dole Knowle, for £21 per an.

COLNE-BRIDGE NOW.* 27th July. Sunday, Sir George and Lady Armytage, Miss Armytage, and Masters John and Godfrey all drank tea with us. Lady Armytage brought us some grapes, strawberries, and a melon. oth to 20th Aug. At Scarbro’ bathed and took the waters. 23rd Aug. Went up to Kirklees in the afternoon with the intention of applying for the Stewardship but Sir George was at Hawksworth. 27th. Aug. Went up to Kirklees ye morning, dined there. I agreed with Sir George this afternoon to do his business for £50 per an. 17th. Sept. Sister Bower, her daughter and her maid all came here this evening in my Grand- father’s chaise, Neddy Roper drove them. * This was probably “ Colne Bridge House ” in the township of Bradley.

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146 KIRKHEATON.

3rd Oct. Called to see my dear Betty in the morning and took her some peaches and nectarines. 21st Oct. Mr. and Mrs. Bower, my cousin Betty Brook, and myself all went to dine at Raw-

thorpe. 25th Oct. Went to Kirklees in the morning, returned to my dinner. Mr. Sunderland came here

to dine, went out a shooting with him in ye afternoon, Neddy Brook with us and Tommy

Dutton. 2nd Nov. Met my Mother and sister at Nunbrook and dined with them there.

Nov. Went out a coursing with the greyhound. Killed a hare at Hopton. Nov. Attended a Vestry Meeting at Hartshead relative to advertising for a Curate. 21st Nov. Went out a shooting a little in the morning and returned to dinner. Went up to Heaton in the afternoon, Tommy Dutton went with me, met with some Cocks in Tibnetherend Wood, got two shots, but did not killany. I metMr. Sunderland at Richard Batty’s and let him the land in ye Ballgreave and Lowfield late in my possession for £6 per an. 31st Dec. Went to Kirklees and paid the Womenservants their wages. In the afternoon went to see E.H. She had set me some Ruffles into a shirt which she gave me home with me. ** With this day does the old year end, May Gop a happier new one send.” Here the Diary ends and Charles Brook leaves us, taking with him the Ruffles that his dear Elizabeth Hirst had set into his shirt; it was an ardent youthful love, but he did not marry her, and we smile as we remember the earlier entry of having bought a calf from her father at Easthorpe which he says “‘ was most sadly dear !” We know nothing of the Forge after the days of the Brooks; its fortunes seem to have rapidly declined, and the merry tinkling of the anvil is no longer to be heard, furnace and bellows have ceased to roar and blow, and many years have flown since the water-wheel rolled the last pigmy plate or bar. Forge, Mill, Wheel, and Race have vanished, thrust out of existence by the leviathan steam-hammers and mighty rolling mills of Leeds and Sheffield. “ Nothing in this world is lasting, All things perish and decay, Dickens, Watts, and Brook forgotten, And the Forge now passed away.” The Hinchcliffe family referred to in Charles Brook’s Diary lived at either Colne or Cooper Bridge, and Edward Hinchcliffe, probably the son of the Edward whom Charles Brook visited on the 1gth June, was one of the first Directors of the West Riding Union Banking Company, which was established in 1832. The writer’s great-grandfather George Senior of Dalton Lodge, married Elizabeth, widow of the latter Edward Hinchcliffe, at Matlock Church for his second wife. The Diary of the Rev. Joseph Ismay, Vicar of Mirfield contains the following entries relating to Dr. Hinchcliffe: r4th Feby., 1769. Made a visit to the Rev. Mr. Horsfall (Curate) at Kirkheaton, where I met a relation of ye Rev. Dr. Hinchcliffe, son of Mr. Hinchcliffe who keeps a Livery Stable* in London and born in ye parish of Kirkheaton. The Doctor was born in London, educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was elected Master in 1768. He went abroad witha Mr. Crow, who gave him £300 per an. He was made Rector of Greenwich, £500 per an. Married Miss Crow, with a fortune of £1500, and is Chaplain in Ordinary to His Majesty, He was elected Vice Chancellor of Cambridge in Nov. 1768. This gentleman has had a run of very great luck, and is only about 40 years of age. He is more distinguished by being a very fine gentleman than a great scholar.

* This Livery Stable was in Swallow St., St. James, London.

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HINCHLIFFE

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BERNARD

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roth March, 1769. The Rev. Dr. Hinchcliffe waited on His Majesty with a very loyal address and Epigram :— “The question now is, which side will prevail, The People in Power, or Wilkes in a Jail.” Nov., 1769. The Rev. Dr. Hinchcliffe, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, is promoted to ye vacant See of Peterborough, vice Dr. Lamb, who died 3rd inst. John Hinchcliffe was born 1731, and died 1794; he was Bishop of Peterborough from 1769 until his death. He married Elizabeth sister of the first Lord Crewe. Their daughter Emma Hinchcliffe married in 1795, Thomas Duncombe of Copgrove co. York, a younger brother of the first Lord Feversham of Duncombe Park, co. York.

HEATON LODGE.

Built by General George Bernard on rising ground at the foot of Bog Green Lane, near Colne Bridge, in the latter half of the eighteenth century (1770-80), which at that time must have been a beautiful situation, overlooking the then wooded valleys of the Colne and Calder, with Kirklees Priory and the reputed site of Robin Hood’s grave to the north of Cooper Bridge, and the Dumb Steeple. It is a handsome Georgian house, standing in what were once picturesque pleasure grounds, with extensive stables, and towards the south a fruit garden with sheltering walls, against which peaches and nectarines grew. General Bernard was the grandson of Arthur Bernard of Palace Anne, co. Cork, and cousin once removed of Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, G.C.B., who commanded the “ Orion ” at Trafalgar, and the Allied Fleets at Navarino. The General married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall in 1774, and by her had no family, but by Elizabeth Proctor of Bayard’s Lodge, Knaresbro’, he had a natural daughter, known as “‘ Fanny Gray,” who in 1819 took the name and arms of her father.—Argent on a bend azure, three escallops of the first. He was Colonel of the 84th Regiment of Foot, which he raised in 1793, and Usher of the Black Rod, during the Vice-Royalty of the Duke of Rutland in Ireland. By his Will proved in 1821, he ordered his Exors. one of whom was Admiral Codring- ton, to sell Heaton Lodge, which seems to have then passed into the possession of the Beaumonts of Whitley, and is still part of that Estate; afterwards for many years it was occupied by Jonathan Haigh, Cotton Spinner of Colne Bridge Mills, subsequently it was a Boy’s Boarding School of which the Principals were successively a Mr. Fairweather and a Mr. Bishop. The School was not a success and did not long continue. Alas! the neighbourhood has lost all its former beauty; the London and North Western, and Lancashire and Yorkshire Railways are close to the front of the house, and the Midland Railway within a stone’s throw behind it, Mills, Chemical Factories and Sewage Works have sprung up in close proximity, the trees are dead, the garden a wilderness, and Ichabod written on every side ! There is a tablet in Mirfield Church recording the deaths of General Bernard of Heaton Lodge, and Elizabeth his wife only daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley Hall. He died 8th May, 1820, aged 71 years, and she died 5th January, 1814, aged 61 years. THE PILKINGTONS OF KIRKHEATON.

In the XVI and XVII centuries a branch of the Pilkingtons of Bradley were living in Kirkheaton, but we are unable to identify their home. In 1568 the Will of

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John Pilkington described as of Kirkheaton was proved at York; he was a younger son of the Bradley family and married Rosamund daughter of Sir Thomas Waterton of Walton Hall, and sister of Elizabeth Waterton who married Edward Percy, grandson of the 4th Earl of Northumberland. Thomas Percy the Gunpowder Plot conspirator was the son of Edward and Elizabeth Percy and nephew of the above Rosamund Pilkington of Kirkheaton. In the Will of Rosamund proved in 1576 she is described as of the Township and Parish of Kirkheaton and mentions her brothers George and Francis Waterton. She bequeathed six strokes of rye to the Poor of Kirkheaton. Richard Pilkington gent, of Kirkheaton was a delinquent of the Civil War and was fined £258. 6s. 8d. in 1649; he is afterwards described as of Longley, and Daw Green. He was cousin of Sir Arthur Pilkington, Bart. of Nether Bradley and Stanley, and married Mary, daughter of George Burdet of Denby; she married secondly in 1656 Sir Thomas Beaumont, Kt. of Whitley.

FLEMING House.

Probably this is one of the oldest place-names in the Parish, and was no doubt so called after the Flemings the first lords of the Manor of Dalton as early as 1234-5. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 122. Reiner, or Reginald (1) le Fleming was Seneschall of Skipton Castle, civca 1130 as recorded in Whitaker’s “ Craven’ and Hunter’s ‘‘ South Yorkshire.” The lands of Wath-on-Dearne were at that time part of the honour of Skipton and were given to the Flemings as subinfeudatories of the great Barons of Skipton. William le Fleming, believed to be the son of this Reiner, gave with his body to the Monks of Bolton, his mill of Wath. His son Reiner (2) founded the Priory of Cistercian Nuns at Kirklees, temp. Henry II, 1154-1189. His son John, according to a Fine quoted in Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 122, held the Manors of Wath, Dalton, Clifton and Routhmell, etc., and was succeeded by his son Reiner (3), who was followed by his son Sir William who, according to Dodsworth’s pedigree in the Bodleian Library, was Knighted in 1303; he is mentioned in the Quo Warranto Roll as being called upon to show what right he claimed to have Gallows and Infangtheof at Wath, and pleaded that all his ancestors had enjoyed that privilege. He died in 1307, and was succeeded by his son Sir Reiner (4), Knighted 1309. His son Sir John of Wath, Dalton, and Clifton, was Knighted in 1326; he married Isabel. ... . . and in 1349 the Abbot of Selby was commissioned to receive the Vows of Chastity from Isabel, widow of Sir John le Fleming, Kt. (Surtees Vol. 53, p. 339). Then followed in succession from father to son, Sir Thomas 1350, Sir John, Sectator Curie de Wakefield, Sir Thomas who married Alice, daughter of Sir William Lee of Croston, Lancs.; and Sir John who had two sons, Sir Thomas who seems to have died without issue, and was succeeded by his brother William who married After the death of William Fleming in 1461, she married secondly, John Nevile, and after the death of her son William Fleming (by her first husband) in 1471, became, along with John Nevile, lady and lord of the Manor of Dalton. William Fleming the son of William and Anne was slain at Wath under what circumstance is not known, but it may have been in one of the forays arising out of the quarrel between Edward IV and the Earl of Warwick when

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Wath was probably in the line of Edward’s march.* William left two daughters both called Elizabeth, of whom the eldest married Richard Dalton of Dalton Hall, and the other married first Thomas Hesket from whom she was divorced, and secondly Thurston Hall. The Manor of Dalton reverted to these ladies and became divided between two co-heirs. In 1557 Robert Dalton the great-grandson of Richard and Elizabeth Dalton sold his half share of the Manor to Bernard Townley. Returning to the moiety of the Manor which passed to Thurston Hall, who founded the Chantry of St. Nicholas in Wath Church, we find that it became sub- divided between his two daughters the only issue of his marriage with Elizabeth Fleming, of whom Catherine born 1495, became the wife of Ralph Collynson and had no children, and Elizabeth who married Henry Savile (x) third son of Nicholas Savile of New Hall, Elland. In 1553-4 Catherine Collynson de Wath, widow, conveyed her fourth part of the Manor of Dalton to Nicholas Sayvell. On the death of Nicholas Savile about 1557 his grandson John son of Henry Savile (1) inherited the Manor of Dalton, and became owner of the whole of the moiety that originally devolved upon Thurston Hall. John’s son Henry Savile (2) succeeded him and had an only child Margaret, who married Henry Tolson of Brydekirke. In 1601, Henry Savile (2) sold his moiety of the Manor to John Townley, whose father Bernard, as already shown, had purchased the other moiety from Robert Dalton. The Townleys thus held the whole of the lordship, which was handed down from father to son by several generations of the Townleys until 1704, when it passed by marriage to John Wilkinson of Huddersfield and later was again carried by marriage to the Kayes of Grange. The Copyholds have been enfranchised, the Commons enclosed and the Manor is now practically extinct. This digression has taken us far from Fleming-house, Dalton, which in temp. of Henry IV, 1399-1413 was held by John Lascelles of Lascelles Hall, and on his death passed to his daughter and co-heir Margaret Lascelles who married George Frankish of Warmfield and was inherited by their daughter Agnes Frankishe, who married John Fryston of Altofts, living in 1456. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VIII, p. 491, and Visitation of Yorks. in 1584-5. In 1515 Fleming-house was the property of the Frystons “‘ for the service of a rose ” to the lord of the Manor of Dalton, John Nevile in right of his wife Anne, widow of William Fleming of Wath-on-Dearne. See Court Rolls of Dalton. In 1520 William Fryston sold a messuage with lands in the parish of Kyrkeheton to Richard Lokwode and Thomas Hermytage. See Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. II, p. 37, and Vol. XII, p. 256.—this may have been Fleming-House for the wood marked ““e” on the plan of this farm is still called ““ Lockwood’s Wood ’’—See also plan of Dalton Enclosure in

* He was the last male of the Flemings of Wath, Dalton, etc., but the family of Bradley, Hartshead, Crofton and Sharleston are believed to be descended from the same stock and bore Arms. John Fleming of Crofton alias ‘‘ Magister John de Bradeley ” held the Manor of Hartshead as subinfeudatory of the Earl of Cambridge of the Manor of Horbury, and died 1415 leaving three sons:—Robert Fleming of Crofton who granted Hartshead to Richard Brigg in 1415. ..... Fleming the father of Robert Fleming Dean of Lincoln in 1451 and died in 1483. Richard Fleming Bishop of Lincoln 1420-31. He was a notable person in the early XVth century, he represented England at the Councils of Pavia and Siena in 1428, founded Lincoln College, Oxford, and rebuilt Crofton Church, where his arms are carved over the door, now unfortunately defaced—Barry of six argent and azure, in chief three lozenges gules, on the second bar a mitre labelled of the first and on the third a mullet sable. Sharlston Hall was built by a John Fleming in 1574.

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Before 1580 the property had passed into the possession of William Ramsden of Longley Hall, and on his death in that year it was inherited by his brother John Ramsden also of Longley Hall. . See Court Rolls of Dalton 1581. John Ramsden left it to his younger son John Ramsden of Lascelles Hall, from whom it descended to his son William Ramsden. In 1649 after the death of this William Ramsden, Fleming- house with the Cow-heys, and a homestead and lands then called Jagger’s farm, and now known as Greenside farm, fell to the share of John Wilson, the son of William Ramsden’s sister and co-heir Ann the wife of Marmaduke Wilson of West Tanfield. Fleming House prior to 1783 became the property of Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart. of Grange and remained in that family until 18.. when it was bought by the Halifax Permanent Building Society, and sold by them to various small proprietors. The Cow-heys appears to have been sold by John Wilson to William Lyley, who in 1671 disposed of these lands to the Feoffees of Lee’s Charity for the Poor of Kirk- heaton, and remained in the possession of this Trust until bought in 1865 by Robert Hy. and Joseph Senior Tolson. Jaggar’s Farm before 1783 had also been acquired by Sir John Lister Kaye and in 1878 was sold in three lots to Henry Fredk. Beaumont of Whitley Hall, Godfrey Sykes, and Mrs. Jas. Watkinson. Her purchase included the house built by John Beaumont in 1774 which had been enlarged some years earlier by James Tolson the grandson of James Tolson of Greenhead. As already mentioned Jagger’s farm became the property of Sir John Lister Kaye and in a manuscript survey of Dalton for 1783 the homestead and about 154 acres of land were in the occupation of Joseph Tolson ;* David Tunnacliffe had then a dwelling, and about three acres at the Western corner of the property, and John Beaumontt had the remaining 4% acres of the original farm, along with additional fields, which had been included in the holding by Sir John Lister Kaye, who was then the owner of nearly the whole of Dalton.

RAWTHORPE HALL.

Rawthorpe is one of the ancient places of Dalton, but the old Hall was long ago demolished and the present house of that name is not the original one. When the last

* Joseph Tolson was the son of John Tolson of the Myers, Dalton, and Dorothy, grand-daughter of the Rev. Christopher Richardson, Rector of Kirkheaton; he died in 1789 leaving an only son Joshua Tolson, who died unmarried and after his death William Ponty, the famous Landscape gardener, who planted and laid out part of Woburn for the Duke of Bedford and is mentioned by Sir Walter Scott in “‘ St. Ronan’s Well,” had a few acres of this farm near the river as part of his Nursery. John Beaumont married Sarah, only child of John Chappell of Kirkheaton, and built the house which still bears his initials and date, on the edge of Dalton Green, then unenclosed Common land; he was the father of Joseph Beaumont who married Sarah, daughter of James Foster of Dives-house, who were the parents of John Beaumont of Ravensknowle. B. I. S. 1774. This stone panel is built into the centre of the upper story of the house. When the writer was copying the inscription, a girl standing near, said quite seriously that she had always understood the letters were intended for “Built in September.”’ The following is applicable to the girl’s remark :— * The builder’s name These letters show Tho’ many gaze Yet few will know.”

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SEAL OF THOMAS LANGLEY, LORD CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND

ARMS OF LANGLEY

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of the decadent buildings was converted into cottages in 1892, a dilapidated coat of arms of the Langley family, in the plaster work of one of the time-worn rooms, was unfortunately destroyed,- viz. Arg. a cockatrice, wings addorsed, tail nowed, at the end thereof a dragon’s head all sa. Rawthorpe for centuries was the home of a family of Langley who are believed to have descended from the Langleys of Lancashire. The first of the name of whom we have any account in Dalton is Henry Langley who is said to have been the son or grandson of William Langley of Middleton, and the brother of Thomas Langley, Lord Chancellor of England, Bishop of Durham 1406-1437, Cardinal 1411, Ambassador to France, 1414. He repaired the Galilee Chapel, Durham, rebuilt the Parish Church of Middleton, and endowed a Chantry and Grammar School there, which serve to identify this branch of the Langleys as originally of that place. He was buried under a marble tomb in the Galilee in 1437* and by his Will be bequeathed a “ Cup of Silver to Henry Langley ’’t who is presumed to be Henry Langley of Rawthorpe. The Arms used by the Cardinal were: Paly of six arg. and vert., which are not the same as those borne by the Langleys of Dalton, but they were subsequently adopted, with variations by other branches of the Langley family.t Henry Langley married. ..... Kaye of Woodsome in Almondbury probably one of the six daughters of John Kaye (See Surtees soc., Vol. 133, p. 84) by whom he had: (x1) Henry, who is mentioned in the Ing. post. mort. of the Lord Chancellor as being then ten years old and heir to his uncle. Henry died about 1500, in which year he appears for the last time in the Court Rolls of Dalton;§ he was succeeded by Thomas Langley but it is doubtful whether he was his son or brother. There was another son or brother Robert, ancestor of the Langleys of Sheriff Hutton, co. York, created Baronets in 1641. Thomas Langley who succeeded his father or brother at Rawthorpe, married Margery Wombwell of Wombwell and died in 1518 leaving a son Richard (1) who married Joan daughter of Thomas Beaumont of Lascelles Hall, Kirkheaton, and Castle Hall, Mirfield; he died in 1537, leaving three sons, Richard (11), Thomas (111) and Arthur (1111). The eldest of these Richard (11) was eight years old at the death of his father and during his minority was the ward of Arthur Kaye of Woodsome; Joan the widow of Richard (1) married secondly Thomas Crostwhayte, whose Will is dated 1561. Richard Langley (11) married Agnes, daughter of Richard Hansby of New Malton, and afterwards lived at Grimthorpe, Millington and Ousthorpe, all in the neighbour- hood of Pocklington and in 1565 granted his property in Dalton to his brother Arthur (see Deeds of that date in possession of the writer). At the Reformation Richard Langley (m1) adhered to the Catholic Cause and befriended the Jesuits from Douay. No doubt at one or other of his houses there were ‘‘ Priest’s Holes ” or secret chambers,

* “Tn primis siquidem lego animam meam Deo omnipotenti, creatori meo, et in corpus sepeliendum in ecclesia mea Dumelmensi in capella beatae Mariae Virginis vocata le Galilee.” + ‘‘ Item lego Henrico de Langley unam ollam argenti etc.”” See Surtees Soc., Vol. 9, p. CCXLI. { In the pedigree of Langley in the Visitation of Yorks for 1666, where the Cardinal is recorded as the brother of Henry Langley of Dalton, the arms are given as :—Quarterly 1. and 4., Paly of six argent and vert: 2 and 3 argent a cockatrice wings addorsed sable beaked and membered gules. Thus embracing the coats used by both Durham and Rawthorpe representatives of the family, but the reason for being quarterly is not shown. § Henry Langley also appears in the Court Rolls of the Manor of St. John of Jerusalem in Kirkheaton in 1482.

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where Papist emissaries were frequently concealed. He became the victim of the laws enacted against these Missioners who were hunted from house to house, dragged from their hiding places, tortured and executed. For harbouring Popish priests Richard Langley (11) was hanged at York in 1586. He was the ancestor of the Langleys of North Grimston and Wykeham Abbey. Of his brothers, Thomas Langley (11), migrated to Meltonby nr. Pocklington. Arthur (1111) remained at the parental home at Rawthorpe; he died in 1584 leaving a son Richard who married Hester .... This Richard in 1602 was a party to Indenture of Settlement conveying his estates to his son Arthur Langley (v) on his marriage with Dorothy daughter of William Cartwright of Middleton, Clerk of Assize for the County of York. This Arthur was buried at Kirkheaton 1659 and was suc- ceeded by his son Richard, who married Mary daughter of William Bentley of Heptonstall; he was buried at Kirkheaton in 1673, leaving two sons, Arthur, who died in 1693, and his -younger brother John in 1717, both without children and with them the long line of the Langleys ended at Rawthorpe. Such is the story of these bygone patricians of Dalton. Sunshine and shade flit across their unmarked graves at Kirkheaton which were probably disturbed and all trace of them lost, at some so-called Restoration. At the Church there is but one solitary memorial to the Langleys, and that only collateral; Katherine, sister of the last Arthur, married Joseph Pickles and had a daughter christened Langley who married John Kaye, over whose grave is the inscription: “ Inferius jacet Quicquid Mortale Langleiz a inerterna stirpe Langleiorum Rawthorpensium Demoninate Johannes Kay Nostratis Amantissime aeq. ac Dilectissime Conjugis cujus morum suavitas et corporis Decor nuper suis gaudium Nunc Desiderum Anno A:tatis suae LII Nonis Maii Decessit et Christiane Salutis MDCCXXXIX, Virtute Decet non Sanguine Niti. Necnon et Johannis Kay, supradicti qui Pridie Kalendar u Februarii Decessit Anno A‘tatis suc sexagesimo Octavo et Aire Xtiane MDCCXLVI. Nec milii mors gravis est Posituro morte Dolores.”’ Translation. Below lies what is mortal of Langley of the maternal stock of the Langleys of Rawthorpe. Wife of John Kay a most beloved and most loving consort whose sweetness of manner and personal beauty were lately the joy of her friends and now an aching void. She died in the 52nd year of her age 1739. Virtue is even more becoming than high birth. Also the above named John Kay who died on the day before the Kalends of February in the 68th year of his age and in

the Christian era 1746. To me death is no grievance since I am about to lay aside my grief in death.

Mr. Alfred F. C. C. Langley of Peterston Super Ely, published in 1888 a series of pedigrees showing the descent, from a common ancestor, of the branches of the Langley families of Rawthorpe Hall, Yorks., Wykeham Abbey, Yorks., Sheriff Hutton, Yorks., The Abbey, Shrewsbury, and Agecroft Hall, Lancs., in some of which there are errors and omissions. There were also other Langleys in Dalton in early times: Adam Longley held half an oxgang of land in 1483, Edward Langley was a tenant at will in 1496, Laurance and Oliver Langley of Heaton were fined in the same year for carrying away the Lord’s wood from Dalton, in 1500 George Langley was fined for trespass, in 1515 John Langley was a juror, in 1519-1571 Henry Langley and his widow Agnes were tenants at will, in 1526 William Langley was fined for cutting down 13 oaks, in 1531 Robert

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Langley servant of Richard Langley was fined for cutting down oaks. (See Court Rolls of Dalton.) Richard Langley a scion of the Rawthorpe family married Dorcas North at Kirk- heaton in 1663 and had a son Thomas Langley of Fieldgate, Heaton, born 1667, who married Ann Wilson at Kirkheaton in 1693. Their eldest son Richard Langley born 1693-4 married in 1722 Martha daughter of Christopher Richardson, M.A. of Lascelles Hall, and grand-daughter of the Rev. Christopher Richardson, M.A. Rector of Kirkheaton, 1646-1661. The next family to live at Rawthorpe were the Walkers who in Familie Minorum Gentium are said to have come from Cowlersley in Linthwaite, parish of Almondbury, and if so, were of the same stock as the Walkers afterwards of Lascelles Hall. In the Registers of Kirkheaton there is the marriage in 1715/6 of William Walker of Raw- thorpe Hall and Mary daughter of the Rev. Thomas Heald, M.A. Vicar of Huddersfield, 1696-1734. He was succeeded by his son William Walker, who married Elizabeth daughter of George Denton of Lascelles Hall in 1751, and was living at Rawthorpe in 1776 and 1780, and is mentioned in the Diaries of Charles Brook and the Rev. John Sunderland, Curate of Kirkheaton for those years, but we have no further account of him.* In 1783 Richard Atkinson was tenant of Rawthorpe Hall and it was then the property of Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., of Denby Grange, and had probably been acquired by the Kayes from the heirs of the Langleys before that date. It is doubtful whether Richard Atkinson actually lived at the Hall for as mentioned elsewhere the Atkinsons had houses of their own at Mold Green and other places. From this time the Old Hall seems to have slowly degenerated into a dilapidated farm, until finally pulled down and the present comparatively modern house built on or near the site. In 1878 Sir John Pepys Lister Kaye, Bart. sold this portion of his Rawthorpe property to Sir John William Ramsden, Bart. of Huddersfield and Byrom, and in 191g it passed with the rest of the Ramsden Estate to the Huddersfield Corporation.

DALTON HALL alias NETHER HALL.

Dalton Hall has lost its ancient name and is now known as Nether Hall; it is situated at the junction of Rawthorpe Lane, and Back Lane, Dalton, a short distance from the site of Rawthorpe Hall, which may possibly account for its more recent name of Nether Hail. A family called Dalton were living in Dalton in early times for we find that in 1302 “ John and Thomas Flaundrensis of Dalton quitclaimed to John de Dalton and his heirs, half an oxgang of land in Dalton.” See Y.A.S. Journal, Vol. VII, p.124.¢ It is probable that these lands were the site of one of the homes of this family of Dalton and that as time went on the Hall of the Daltons became Dalton’s Hall, and Dalton Hall.

* In the Registers of Kirkheaton there is the 1784 Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. William Walker of Horsforth and late of Rawthorpe Hall, Dalton, buried.” The Walkers were probably tenants and owners of Raw- thorpe. + In the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield (Yorks. Arch. Soc., Records, Vol. 36, p. 159 and 209) for 1308/9 a Thomas de Dalton “ Fisicus ”—~physician, is mentioned.

x

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The Daltons were a Knightly house, their chief property being at Byspam and Croston in Lancashire. Richard Dalton (1) of Croston married Elizabeth one of the daughters and co-heirs of William Fleming of Wath and Dalton, the last male of that family who was “ slain at Wath in 1470-1.” The son of this marriage Roger Dalton is described as of “ Dalton Hall ” in the Visitation of Yorkshire by William Flower in 1563/4. Roger Dalton was married four times, and by his fourth wife, Jane, daughter of Roger Jakes of “‘ Barkemsted,” Hertfordshire, had a son Laurence Dalton, who became Norroy, King of Arms, and died in 1561. He was buried in St. Dunstan’s in the West, London, the Arms on his seal are: Quarterly Ist and 4th azure, crusily, a lion rampant, regardant argent, crowned or, for Dalton, 2nd and 3rd barry of six argent and azure, in chief three lozenges gules for Fleming. In 1531 Richard Dalton (1) and Elizabeth his wife, sold Dalton Hall to Thomas Kaye of Huddersfield, a great-grandson of John Kaye of Woodsome in Almondbury; this Thomas Kaye’s grandson, John Kaye of Dalton Hall married Jane daughter and co-heir of William Dodworth of Shelley, and had a son John Kaye of Dalton and Oakenshaw, who married Jane daughter of John Storthes of Storthes Hall, Kirk- burton. In 1577 he sold Dalton Hall to Arthur Langley of Rawthorpe Hall, and about the same date built Heath Hall near Wakefield. Dalton Hall formed part ofa Settlement in 1602 on the marriage of Arthur Langley of Rawthorpe and Dorothy Cartwright of Middleton, co. York. During the next century the property of the Langleys seems to have gradually slipped away from them, and on the death of John Langley in 1717, the Dalton branch of the family became extinct. Some time prior to 1783 Dalton Hall had passed into the possession of Sir John Kaye, Bart., of Grange, probably in right of his mother Ellen, daughter and heir of John Wilkinson of Greenhead, Huddersfield. His successor Sir John Pepys Lister Kaye, Bart., sold the Hall in 1878 to Henry Brook of Dalton Grange, and after passing to other owners it is now the property of the “ British Dyestuffs Co. Ltd.”

KAYE OF DALTON. The Kayes of Dalton were a younger branch of the family of Woodsome who were settled at Woodsome in the first half of the XVth century, and possibly at an even earlier date. The acquisition of property in Dalton commenced in 1522, when Thomas Kaye, who is described as a Merchant of Huddersfield, bought two oxgangs of land in Dalton from Hy. Savile and Raufe Collinson who jointly held half the Manor of Dalton. (See third part Yorks. Deeds, Yorks., Arch. Record, Vol. LXIII). In 1531 he purchased two messuages with lands (Dalton Hall) from Richard Dalton and Elizabeth his wife, who held the other moiety of the Manor. (See first part Yorks. Fines, Yorks. Arch. Record, Vol. II, p. 60). John Kaye the grandson of Thomas married Jane one of the three daughters and co-heirs of William Dodworth and inherited the Manor of Shelley in the parish of Kirkburton in right of his wife. Their son and heir John Kaye the younger held the lucrative office of Deputy Steward of the Honour of Pontefract. He bought the Manor of Oakenshaw in 1565, and sold the Manor of Shelley in 1576 for £1390. He built Heath Hall in or about 1577, a fine old

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Elizabethan mansion standing near the banks of the river Calder, on what was then the edge of the great forests of Knaresbro’ and Sherwood, with a glorious view of woodland and moor backed by the hills of the Pennines in the far distance, when the town of Wakefield—two miles away—was but young, and collieries, and smoke, had not marred the beauty of the surrounding country. John Kaye of Heath married Jane Storthes of Storthes Hall, Kirkburton, and Dorothy daughter of Sir Henry Savile, Kt., is said by Hunter in his History of Lupset to have been his mistress. to have been a gay and improvident man and his son Robert Kaye did not succeed him at Heath, for the Hall passed into the possession of Lady Mary Bolles. Dalton Hall seems to have also passed from the Kayes to the Langleys of Rawthorpe in 1577, although in the Visitation of Yorkshire for 1585 Robert Kaye is described as of Dalton. ‘‘ Ichabod” might be written over the Kayes of Heath, for their identity is lost in the numerous West Riding families of that name.

DiveEs-HOouseE.

Dives-House in Dalton ranks with the oldest homesteads in the parish of Kirkheaton. Thomas Diues, or Dives of Dalton is mentioned as a Juror in the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield in 1314-15, and in the following year his name occurs as a witness to a deed relating to land in Dalton, quoted by Dodsworth in his Aggbrigg notes. We have no further account of the Dives family, but two centuries later we find from an Inquisition post mortem cited in the Yorks. Arch. Journal, Vol. VII, p. 126, that Richard Langley* of Rawthorpe in Dalton, who died in 1537, believed to be the great-great nephew of Cardinal Thomas Langley, Lord Chancellor of England and Bishop of Durham, was seised of the Messuage and lands of Dives-house. His son Richard Langley of Grimthorpe and Owsthorpe near Pocklington sold Dives- House and the “ buildings, orchards, gardens, meadows, woods, etc.” in 1567 to Thomas Stanfeld, a clothier of Mirfield, for £140, but charged the lands with the payment ‘“‘ to Arthur Langley brother of the said Richard, or to the heirs male of his body, and for default of such issue to the occupiers or possessors of Rawthorpe Hall for the time being, of two Hens yearly at Christmas, and two Sickle Boynes yearly in harvest forever.” f Thomas Stanfeld died in 1572, leaving three daughters of whom Mary married Gilbert Holdsworth of Mirfield, Ann wedded Robert Ledgard of Hopton, and Eliza- beth became the wife of Thomas Wowen of Wakefield. Dives-House seems to have passed to Thomas Wowen in right of his wife; he died in 1590, and from his son Thomas Wowen the property was acquired by his uncle, the above Robert Ledgardt either by purchase or in discharge of a mortgage. Robert Ledgard had a son Edward, born in 1582, who married Mary Appleyard in 1616; he died in 1619 in the life time of his father, leaving “ an estate called Dives-house in inheritance in fee simple in rever-

* Erroneously printed, John Langley. In West Yorkshire ‘‘ Boynes or Boons ” were services rendered viz.,so many days ploughing or reaping and were called ‘‘ Plough Boons ” or “ Sickle Boons,” See Dialect Dictionary. + He seems to have been a member of the family of Ledgard of Mirfield, who long owned the Milne and Foot- bridge across the river Caldar, the site of this is to the West of the present Railway Station there, as to the repairs of which there were years of litigation from 1627 to 1657. See the Registers of the Parish Church, Mirfield, and Yorks. Notes and Queries, Vol. 1, p. 187.

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oad

sion after eight years from the decease of his parents,’ and with their consent he devised this property to his son John then only two years old. We know nothing of the boyhood of this youthful heir to Dives-House; in 1639 he seems to have married Maria Walker of Thornhill* and in 1655 he is mentioned in the Court Rolls of Dalton as a free tenant; the date of his death has not been found, nor his Will met with at York. In the Registers of Kirkheaton for 1691 there is the burial of Joseph son of John Ledgard of Dives-House; these may have been the son and grandson of the above John. They seem to be the last of the family to be directly associated with Dives- House, although there were others of the name living in Dalton at this time as shown by a deed dated 1682 for the sale of a messuage and lands there, by Richard Ledgard and Sarah Ledgard, widow, of Dalton to George Beaumont of Dalton. The next owner of whom we have any account was Luke Shaw, apparently the son of Edmund Shaw of Huddersfield. The latter by his Will dated 1679-80 left XLs. to the poor of Huddersfield, XXs. towards building a School-house there, and asked that his funeral sermon might be preached by the Rev. Thomas Clark then Vicar of Hudders- field and previously Rector of Kirkheaton. Luke Shaw seems to have been a Tanner; whether it was he, or his father who purchased Dives-House we do not know, but in a deed dated 1682 Luke is described as of that homestead. He 1700 and by his Will left Dives-House to his eldest son Christopher who was baptised at Kirkheaton in 1680/1 and married Mary, daughter of Joseph Mellor of Morton Grange, Babworth, co. Notts., who was one of the Mellors of Quarry Hill in Almondbury, where he owned land which he bequeathed to Christopher Shaw’s daughter Susannah. Christopher died in 1719 and by his Will left Dives-House to his son John, who was then a minor, and the guardianship of his children to his brother John Shaw of York, gent. and Robert Rockley of Woodsome Lees gent. John Shaw was buried at Kirkheaton in 1728/9, leaving no children, and Dives-House passed to his three sisters Susannah Wright, widow, Elizabeth Shaw, and Dorothy Shaw. From a manuscript survey of Dalton in 1783 we find that the property had come into the possession of Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., of Grange, before that date, and that James Foster, Malster was then tenant. James Foster’s daughter Sarah married Joseph Beaumont of Dalton Green, the father of John Beaumont of Ravenskowle, Dalton. On the sale of the Kaye estate in Dalton in 1878, Dives-house was bought by Sir John William Ramsden, Bart., and remained in the possession of his successor until 1919, when the Ramsden Estate was purchased by the Corporation of Huddersfield. Vicissitudes and decay have laid a heavy hand upon the venerable old house, and it has degenerated into a more or less humble farm, but still retains some of its quaint gables and long mullioned windows. The interior of the ancient post and pane barn, with its great oak beams and wide spanned roof, sloping low down towards the ground, was the subject of a Water Colour drawing by Peace Sykes, a Huddersfield artist, which was hung on the line in the Royal Academy in 1871 or 2,a last tribute to the faded dignity of the byegone dwelling of those of whom we have written, as it stood on the fringe of Dalton Green, when, as we know, the Township was at that time mantled with woods, and the latticed sunshine filtered through the branches of overhanging trees that shaded the approach to their old home.

* Thornhill Regs. and Paver’s Marriage Lic.

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DIVES HOUSE.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 157

Bank Enp, DALTON.

In 1483 Bank End was held by Thomas North who married Joan, daughter of John Hepworth, from whom lands in Dalton and Almondbury were inherited by his other daughters, Kathrine wife of ..... Appleyard, Isabel wife of Robert Wodde, Margerie wife of Robert Pele, Elizabeth wife of William Couper, and Margaret Hepworth. Thomas North’s grandson, John North of Bank End, had two sons, Edward of Bank End, baptised Kirkheaton in 1565, of whom later, and John of Quarry Hill, Almondbury who died in 1637 leaving two sons John and Matthew. Of these John succeeded to Quarry Hill and had an only child Isabel who married Joshua Whitley of Sowood in Hipperholme and had an only daughter Grace who married Abraham Langley, she died without issue and Joshua Whitley left Quarry Hill to his nephew the Rev Thos. Heald, M.A., Vicar of Huddersfield 1696-1734, son of his sister Esther Whitley, who married the Rev. Wm. Heald, M.A., Vicar of Donagha- dee, Ireland. Mathew North the other brother, baptised 1618 was of Wellhead, Almondbury, and married Sarah daughter of William Haigh, of Lockwood, Hudders- field in 1640/1, he had seven sons who Sunday by Sunday walked in procession with him to Church one behind another in the order of their birth. From this Matthew North descended William North of Thorpe Almondbury, baptised 1686, who married Mary daughter of Joseph Pool, grand-daughter of George Shaw of Lascelles Hall, and grand-niece of Captain Richard Beaumont also of Lascelles Hall. Another of his descendants was Benjamin North Rockley Batty of Fenay Hall, born 1795, died 1875, Solicitor and Justice of the Peace, who in his younger days was an ardent huntsman and of whom the story is told that one day when the sound of the hounds in full cry was deadened by a peal of the Ringers at Almondbury Church, he exclaimed in the excitement of the chase, ‘‘ Who can hear that heavenly music for those damned bells.” Returning to Edward North, baptised in 1565, he appears to have commenced to dispose of his property in Dalton in 1635; these sales were continued by his son John who was the last of the family to live at Bank End.* See Court Rolls of the Manor of Dalton, Minorum, with corrections: Halifax Antiquarian Soc., 1910, and Annals of Almondbury. There are two farms called Bank End, the Upper and Lower, about 200 yards apart, which no doubt in the XVIth century were the undivided estate of the Norths. From Minor Families, Vol. II, p. 641 we know that in 1635 part of the property, probably the lower farm, was sold to John Kaye of Woodsome, and it appears to have remained in the possession of his family until 1828, when it was bought by William Turner of Hopton, from whom it passed to his nephew John William Turner, whose widow and daughters sold it to Legh Tolson in 1899. In the Appendix of the Registers of Kirkburton published 1902, Vol. IT, p. ci, we find that in 1705/6 the other portion, presumably the Upper Farm then in the occupation of Robert Poole} was owned by Richard Armitage of Dudmanstone, who bequeathed it to his son George Armitage. It is now included in the Huddersfield estate of the Ramsdens. Both homesteads have been practically rebuilt, Upper Bank End by Sir John William

* MSS. in Yorks. Arch. Library, M. 178. ‘“‘ John Kaye (of Woodsome 1578-1641) bought certain closes of Edward and John North at Bank End.” + Robert Poole was the father of Edmund Poole whose daughter Anne married Ephraim Tolson.

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Ramsden, and Lower Bank End by Legh Tolson. The latter, when purchased was in a state of ruinous decay, the masonry was crumbling and the surfaces leaning in opposite directions, causing some of the walls to be wider at the top than at the base, the rafters and roof-beams were rotten and broken, the mullions of the windows had vanished, and the chimneys were crooked and ready to fall. Restoration was impossible, so down the few remaining fragments of the old “ post and pane ” building had perforce tocome. During the demolition three greatly corroded silver coins were found, difficult to decipher, but evidently of the Stuart period, probably Jac. I.

THE ATKINSON FAMILY OF BRADLEY MILLS,* MoLD GREEN, THE GROVE, ASPLEY House, Co_NeE AND LEA HEAD.

The first of whom we have any precise knowledge is Joseph Atkinson, born 1702, and buried at Kirkheaton in 1772, a Cloth Merchant and Fuller of Bradley, Dalton, and a Corn Miller of King’s Mill, in Almondbury, and Shore Foot Mills, Huddersfield. He also had property in Skircoat, Halifax, and Kirkoswald, co. Cumberland. He had five sons, (1) John who bought Finthorpe, in Almondbury in 1768; (2) Joseph, who like his father continued to live at Bradley Mills, for these were the days when the Master dwelt on the premises where his business was conducted; the house has disappeared or long since been converted into cottages; (3) Thomas of Mold Green, who is said to have been the first person in the district to keep a carriage. He was the friend of the Rev. Hy. Venn, Vicar of Huddersfield, 1757-71, and in the “ Life of there are several letters addressed to him. For some time he lived in London but returned to Mold Green, and was buried at Kirkheaton, 1813, at the ripe old age of 79. (4) Michael, who also lived at Mold Green, to whom, jointly with his brother Richard, their father left his interest in the King’s and Shore Foot Corn Mills. (5) Richard was tenant of Rawthorpe Hall in 1783, but had his own house at Mold Green, and was afterwards of Aspley. Thomas Atkinson (3), and perhaps either his brother Michael or Richard built two large Georgian houses at Mold Green, before the Wake- field turnpike road was made, which were approached from a lane leading from the bottom of Aldmondbury Bank to Little Carr Green, Rawthorpe, and Nettleton. There was a fine avenue of Elm trees on each side of the drive leading up to these houses, which were then quite country residences, and it is difficult to realize the changes that have taken place in the locality. In 1875 these mansions were pulled down, the trees felled, and the Mold Green Board School built upon the site; the place can now only be identified by the name “‘ Avenue Street.” The next generation of Atkinsons who remained in Dalton were the sons of Joseph (2) whose eldest son Law (a)was of Mold Green and married Elizabeth, daughter of John Edwards of Pye Nest, Halifax. Joseph (b) the second son of Joseph (2) was of the Grovet Dalton, and his son Charles, was of Lea Head Dalton. Thomas (c) the third son of Joseph (2) was of Bradley Mills and Colne Bridge; he was a Captain in the Yeomanry, and took an active part against the Luddites, and the riots of that time,

* Bradley Mills is situated on the boundary between Dalton and Huddersfield, and is said to take its name from a family of Bradley, who were Drysalters there in the XVIIth century. In 1679 William Bradley of Huddersfield, Salter, bought a messuage with barn, stables, and lands in Dalton, from Edmund Shaw of Huddersfield. + This was not at ‘‘-Grove Place,” but to the North West, on the other side of the hill, between the foot of

Kilner Bank and the river Colne.

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HOUSES BUILT BY THE ATKINSONS AT MOLD GREEN.

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s on Round Wood and Cowheys.

® Jaggars Farm.

rm.

Fa

® Fleming-house

© The Cowheys.

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PLAN OF THE EASTERN PORTION OF DALTON AS IT WAS IN 1649. SHOWING THE

“GREEN,” OR COMMON, WHICH WAS ENCLOSED IN I81I, AND SOME OF THE MORE

HOW H

HW S >

H ia

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. IQ.

SO H

RECENT HOUvsSES.

Fleming-House Farm. Jagger’s Farm. Great and Little Cowheys. Lepton Corn Mill. Woodside Farm. Mill-Hill. The Myers. Dives-house Farm. Lower Bank End. Upper Bank End. The Beaumont’s old home built on Dalton Green in 1774. David Tunnacliffe’s holding in 1783. Dalton Lodge built for George Senior in 1821 on the site of an old Homestead occupied by Richard Foster in 1783. Grove Place built for George Senior about 1825. Greenhead built for James Tolson in 1840. Oaklands built for Robert Henry Tolson in 1855 (E. Lockwood’s Wood). Ravensknowle built for John Beaumont in 1860. This field in Dalton was called the Bridge Close. In 1649 this field in Lepton was called the Batley Bridge Close.

Note. The letter E on plan indicates the site of Lockwood’s Wood.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 159

so much so that he is said to have been the next man intended to be shot by them after the murder of Mr. Horsfall in 1812, and when he married Miss Batty at Wakefield, in that year, he carried a brace of pistols in his coat pockets in case of attack. He was presented with a dress-sword by the ladies of Huddersfield as a token of regard for his valuable services with the Yeomanry Cavalry, 1795-1815. His Cotton Mill at Colne Bridge was the scene of a tragic fire in 1818, when seventeen young girls were burnt to death, to whose memory there is an obelisk in Kirkheaton Church-yard. Charles (d) the fourth son of Joseph (2) was Actuary to the Huddersfield Savings Bank. In later times many of the Atkinsons seem to have been of a roving disposition for members of the family have died in Lima, Buenos Ayres, and Australia. None remain in Dalton, and their old houses have also vanished; Bradley Mills, the Grove, Colne Bridge, and Lea Head are now enveloped inthe huge Works of the British Dyes, Ltd. ; their Mold Green houses have gone, and Aspley House is more or less derelict.

DALTON GREEN IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. With apologies to Thomas Hood.

Here in Dalton was a Green of about not exceeding thirty acres and a half, T’was common to all, and fed off by nineteen cows, six ponies, three horses, five asses, two foals, seven pigs, and a calf, With a streamlet for one boundary, as was held by a similar sort of common-law lease, And contained twenty ducks, six drakes, three ganders, two dead dogs, four drowned kittens, and twelve geese. Of course the Green was cropt very close, and did famous for bowling when the little village boys played at cricket, Only some horse, or pig, or cow, or great jackass, was sure to come and stand right before the wicket. There was Foster’s maltkiln at Dives House, old barns and pigstyes, and poultry huts and such like sheds; Besides Mill-hill, Woodside, Bank-end and Jaggar’s farm, all very quaint homesteads, Fleming-house, where the lord of the manor used to dwell, with its crooked chimneys that didn’t smoke, Is now long since decayed for he went to live at Wath-on-Dearn with other folk. That was Beaumont’s house with the white blinds where the garden pots in the windows could be seen, As shown by a panel under the eaves t’was built in the year one seven seven four, upon the Green. I can’t speak of the stocks, for naught’s been seem of them, not even an upright post, But the pound was well kept for the sake of Mellor’s horse as it was always there almost. There were five small orchards—John Tolson’s of the Myers was the chief, With two pear trees that didn’t bear, twelve plum and apple that every year were stripped by a thief. As for hollyoaks at the cottage doors, and honeysuckle and jasmines you might go and whistle ; But the pinder’s front garden grew two cabbages, a dock, a ha’porth of penny royal, two dandelions and a thistle. Now I’ve gone through all that’s notable—ay, from end to end, save one more house But I haven’t come to that—and I hope I never shall—and that’s the Town Poorhouse.

It is highly probable that before the Wakefield and Austerlands turnpike was made through Dalton in 1819, there was a bridle path from Mold Green to Dalton

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Green following much the same route as the present main road. This bridle-path no doubt crossed Dalton Green near to Dives House, followed Fleming House land for a short distance, and then ran between what were the boundaries of the Fleming House, Cow-heys, and Jaggar’s Farm properties in 1649 until it reached the river near to the weir. That there was a bridge, probably of wood, over the stream at this point is evident by the names of the fields on either side, those in Dalton being called the “ Great and Little Bridgeroyde,” and that on the opposite side of the water in Lepton, the “ Batley Bridge Close.”” The track beyond this point is difficult to define; perhaps it branched off in two directions, one leading to Kirkheaton Church, and the other to Cownes Common, but all trace of these are lost.

MYERS, NOW KNOWN AS PoG WELL Farm, DALTON.

Myers is situated on what was the north western edge of Dalton Green before the Enclosure in 1811, and in the early days of the XVIIIth century was the home of John Tolson, son of George Tolson of Dewsbury. He was the first to be associated with the place of whom we have any account, but whether it was built for him or no, we are unable to say; be this as it may his descendants lived there until 1852, a period of nearly 150 years. In his time the house looked out on to the wild roses and yellow gorse of the then open Common, and the steep slopes and shady oaks of the Round Wood just hiding from view Lascelles Hall, the maiden home of his wife Dorothy, whom he married in 1709; she was the daughter of Christopher Richardson, M.A., and grand-daughter of the Rev. Christopher Richardson, M.A., Rector of Kirkheaton, 1646-1661. John Tolson made his will in 1746, and after providing for his wife and daughters left his personalty at Myers to his younger son Ephraim. From the various items mentioned in the probate, and from what remains of the old house, we can gather much of the characteristics, and many of the details of his domestic surroundings. So wecan picture the garden in front with a row of hives and the bees humming over beds of sweet herbs and flowers, bordered by trim hedges of box, a cherry tree against the wall, a rosemary in a sheltered corner near the porch, and jasmine climbing round the windows with their thick mullions and tiny panes of leaded glass. Within on either side of the door was a parlour with brown beams across the ceiling and dark oak furniture, quaint, strong, and highly polished, a room perfumed with lavender and rose leaves. In the smaller and more cosy of these, on a winter afternoon, when the twilight came early, and the fire shone brightly, and the shadows flickered, and fell, now upon the panelled walls, and anon upon some deep blue bow] and plate of Delft, Dorothy Tolson may have sat at her spinning-wheel and sung to the whirling rhythm of the spindle one of those ballads of the days of Queen Anne. The kitchen was at the back of the house (a real North Country one) from the low roof of which hung flitches, hams and a creel of havercakes; over the open hearth was a long barrelled flint lock fowling piece, while against the walls were a high-backed long settle, and a grandfather clock with a brass dial and half the moon’s fat face rounding the corner with a fixed blank stare; bright pewter dishes in a rack at the side of the long table under the window, through which might be seen the well-scoured milk pans sweetening on the stone topped bench in the shade, and beyond in the garth, the barn, stable and cow sheds. Such was the Myers two centuries ago, and though

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MYERS, DALTON IN 1896,

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 161

its old inmates rest peacefully in the Church Yard within sight of the door, the Ivy mantled gable of their old home stil] remains. Whole ages have fled and their works decayed, And families scattered been, But the stout old Ivy shall never fade, From its hale and hearty green. The brave old plant in its lonely days. Shall fatten upon the past, For the firmest building man can raise, Is the Ivy’s food at last. Creeping on where Time has been, A rare old plant is the Ivy green.”

John Tolson had property in Dewsbury left to him by his father, so he would often have occasion to visit his birthplace, and with his wife behind him on her pillion, dressed in wimple, brown cloak and velvet tippet, they would leave Dalton in the afternoon when the air was cool, and riding past Kirkheaton Church slowly make their way up the hill through the scattered village, till they reached the fresh breeze on Heton Moor, where the peewit circled round them with her plaintive cry; they would pause at the Round About with its altitude of 600 feet to look at the extensive view of the winding valleys of the Calder and the Colne, while behind them they would see the smaller, but not less beautiful stream of their own parish embosomed by woods and hills; then winding their way down to Mirfield they would cross the river at one of the fords and onward through the then leafy dale where the blackbird piped his evensong across the rippling water, and the angler reeled up his line, and shouldered his creei of trout, ere the light grew dim and Nyx clapped the cap of night upon the peaceful scene of long ago. John Tolson was succeeded by his younger son Ephraim who in 1748 married Ann daughter of Edmund Poole, and grand-daughter of Robert Poole of Bank End, Dalton.* Ephriam Tolson died at a comparatively early age in 1773, leaving six children of whom the youngest was 13 years old. The summer day when he was laid to rest, would be a sorrowful one at Myers, the setting sun would send long shadows across the grey walls of the homestead, and the group of wistful black-clothed children in the garden or at the windows would give a feeling of sadness to the place, and as night closed in on the farm and fold, the gentle stirring of cattle amongst the straw and a rattle of chains would greet the ear in the silence, but within the old house in the panelled room, the arm chair by the wide open hearth would stand empty forever. Ephraim Tolson’s eldest son Robert followed him at Myers and in 1773 married Dorothy daughter of Joshua Dyson of Lindley, Huddersfield; her sister Mary married John Broadbent, the grandfather of Sir William Hy. Broadbent, Bart., the eminent physician. Robert Tolson had three sons, Robert, Joshua, and James, and two daughters Ann and Martha. Joshua succeeded him at Myers, and James built Green-

head, Dalton.

* Before going to Bank End Robert Poole was of Almondbury and it is more than probable that he was the brother of Joseph Poole of Town End, Almondbury, who married one of the daughters of George Shaw of Lascelles Hall. George Shaw’s wife was Mary Ramsden, sister of Ann Ramsden who married Captain Richard Beaumont of Old Lascelles Hall whose son succeeded to the Whitley Estates in 1703.

y

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162 KIRKHEATON.

Joshua Tolson married in 1807 Eliza, daughter of the Rev. John Sunderland, Curate of Kirkheaton, and died in 1852. He was the last of the Tolsons to live at Myers, which then passed into the tenancy of James Johnson.

RAVENSKNOWLE IN DALTON IN THE PARISH OF KIRKHEATON.

Probably the earliest mention of Ravenskowle is in a Deed, dated 25th Henry VI 1446/7 ten years before the commencement of the Wars of the Roses, when “ William Dyghton of Rawensknolle ’”’ was one of the witnesses to a release of land in Dalton. (See Y.A.S. Record, Vol. 39, p. 59). In 21st Edward IV, 1481-2, William Dighton sold lands at Ravensknolle to Thomas Savyle of Holynge. (See Court Rolls of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in Kirkheaton in the Library of the Dean and Chapter at York, A. A., 9, 13.) This was probably Thomas Savile of Hullinedge whose Will was proved in 1490, in which he charged his lands in Heaton to support a Chaplain to “ celebrate annually for ever and to pray for my soul and the souls of Elizbeth my wife and Henry my brother and the souls of all my benefactors and my parents and all faithful departed.” Thomas Savile left no children, and was succeeded by his brothers Henry and Nicholas, and in 1496/7 Ravensknowle appears to have passed into the possession of Richard Wheatley. From the Court Rolls of the Manor of Dalton for 7th Henry VIII, 1515, we learn that Richard Whetlay who then “ held of the lord the messuage called Ravensknowle by service and yearly rent of VId.,” was dead and that Richd. Whetlay of full age was his son and heir. In the Ministers’ Accounts of the Preceptory of Newland dated 1535, now in the Record Office, Richard Wheatley appears as paying ijs. for free rent of a messuage with appurts: in Dalton then in the tenure of Jas. Hyrste, which was undoubtedly Ravensknowle. Evidently a pious charge previously laid upon the property. In the Dalton Rolls in 2nd Elizabeth 1560, we are told that Richard Wheatley, gent., who held a messuage and lands at Ravensknowle was dead and Richard Wheatley his son and heir was 30 years and upwards. Again in 23rd Elizabeth, 1581, the heirs of Richard Wheatley, gent., were Free Tenants of the Manor, and from his Will proved at York in 1573 we know that this third Richard was dead and his children under age. His eldest son and successor was Thomas Wheatley who in the History of South Yorkshire is said to have been the campaigner of early Stuart days from whom Lord Fairfax learnt much of the military skill which he afterwards displayed during the Civil War. These Wheatleys were the family of Woolley who had been settled there since the reign of Edward III. In 1617 we find in the Rolls of the Manor of Kirkheaton that Thomas Wheatley of Woolley had sold his lands at Ravensknowle to Thomas Hurst.* There were several families of Hirst in Kirkheaton and Huddersfield at this time, and it is difficult to identify to which he belonged. The most conspicuous member of these was a Thomas Hirst of Greenhead, Huddersfield, but whether he was the purchaser of Ravensknowle can only be conjectured. His mother gave a Communion Cup to the parish bearing

* Thomas Hurst of Dalton (probably the Thomas Hurst who purchased Ravensknowle) married Dorothy daughter of Robert Mirfeld of Thurcroft about 1595. Her kinsman John Beckwith, Merchant, lived at “ Dalton Hall nr. Huddersfield ” some go or 100 years later. See Hist. South Yorks. Vol. 1, p. 294.

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“AIMC

MSNAAVA

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THE TEMPLARS’ DOUBLE CROSS.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES, 163

the inscription “‘ The Gift of Lucy Hirst of Greenhead to the Church of Huddersfield, A.D. 1638,” which is still preserved. This Thomas Hirst was a Royalist and when the struggle ended by the execution of the King on that wintry day in January, 1649, he was made to suffer for his delinquency and heavily fined, he seems to have been unable to bear the loss imposed upon him and in 1660 much of his estate had passed into the hands of the Wilkinsons whose heiress married Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart. about 1725. To whichever family of Hirst the purchaser of 1617 belonged, it is evident from the Newland document that his branch had lived at Ravensknowle as tenants for nearly a century prior to that date, and in the Kirkheaton Rolls, the following Adm. of one of them, who died there in the same year is mentioned: ‘ At this Court, Adminis- tration of all and singular the goods, chattels, credits and debts of Roger Smith als: Hirst, who died under the Cross* at Ravensknowle intestate, as is asserted, was granted to Richard Hirst.—-Fine for Adm. ijs.”” This is an example of the ‘‘ Peculiar Court ” of Kirkheaton, for, as we have seen, one of the Manors of the Parish, prior to the suppression of the Monasteries, belonged to the Preceptory or Commandry at Newland of the Hospitallers, or Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, who with other Religious Communities before the Reformation had this jurisdiction over Wills and Adms. and the privilege was continued to the subsequent purchase of such Manors, but is now obsolete. In the transcripts of the Registers of Kirkheaton for 1637 at York, the burial of the wife of John Hirst of Ravensknowle is recorded. Here we lose sight of the Hirsts, and next find the place in the hands of the Kayes, who, whether they obtained it by marriage or purchase, were in possession before 1783, when in a manuscript Survey of Dalton, it is declared to be part of their then extensive estate in that Township. In 1827 the Ravensknowle lands were divided and sold by Auction by the Trustees of Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart. At this time Ravensknowle Road was not made and there were homesteads, farm buildings, and lands on both sides of the present street; those to the South were bought by William Rayner of Fartown, Huddersfield, and 80 years later were the property of Giles Roebuck; those to the north were purchased by Thomas Wilson, Banker, of Huddersfield. All the old houses on both properties have disappeared and there is nothing to indicate which is the site of the original dwelling, except that in the grounds of the northern one there is an ancient drinking pond for cattle, cut out of the rock below the surface soil, with a peculiar reserve at the lower end of it, intended to retain the minishing supply of water in exceptionally dry seasons. A streamlet long since drained away, at one time ran through this pond which may be the last relic of the first homestead. In 1850 Thomas Wilson of Birkby Grange, Huddersfield, Banker, sold his property at Ravensknowle, where his father and grandfather before him had lived as

* The Double Cross still to be found on some ancient houses is said to indicate that the land upon which they stand was at one period the property of the Templars, whose possessions, when their Order was suppressed, were in many cases granted to the Hospitallers. The phrase occasionally found in old Wills and Court Rolls, stating that persons died “‘ sub cruce,” or under the Cross, has a dual meaning, showing that they were tenants of the Manors of the Knights, whose sign their houses bore, and also that their days ended literally beneath the Cross and within the pale of the Church. The Ravensknowle lands are known to have been subject to a rental to the Preceptory of these Military Monks at Newland.

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164 KIRKHEATON.

tenants of the Kayes, to his nephew John Beaumont of Dalton, who in 1860 built the present mansion at a cost of more than £20,000. On his death in 1889 it was inherited by his only child Sarah Martha, who married Standish Grove-Grady; from her it passed to her cousin Legh Tolson, who in 1919 gave the house and grounds to the Corporation of Huddersfield for a Park for all time for the people of Dalton, and a Local Museum for the Borough, as a Memorial to his nephews Lieuts. Robert Huntriss Tolson, and James Martin Tolson, who gave their lives for their Country in the War of 1914-18.

SOME OF THE OTHER OLD HOUSES WHOSE STORY IS LOST.

There are other Homesteads in Kirkheaton Parish rejoicing in the name of Hall, now degenerated into ordinary farm buildings, in some cases of a very tumble-down and dilapidated character. For a long period they have, for the most part, been

embraced in the Whitley Estate, but we have little or no record of their history. ““ Grey stones of an ancient day Time has fashioned your slow decay, Time has wrought, and its glamour clings, For ye hold imprisoned the whisperings Of old, and now forgotten things.”

1. The present, so called, Heaton Hall, was probably the place mentioned in Dodsworth’s Agbrigg Notes in the Yorks. Arch. Journal, “‘ where sometyme dwelt Sir John de Heton who married Joan daughter of Sir Alex de Nevile of Mirfield in 1263.” From the De Hetons, Heaton Hall evidently passed to the Mirfelds for in the Court Roll of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem for Heaton in 1482, Wm. Mirefeld is stated to have “‘ not made fine for Heton Hall, rent per annum XIIId.,” from whom it seems to have passed to the Beaumonts. 2. Laverock Hall appears to have been the property of Richard Copley, in 1584, and is mentioned in his Will. He was evidently a man of some importance for he desires two of his sons to be sent to the University, and XX nobles to be bestowed on each of them there. All trace of the Hall has vanished but the name still clings to a cluster of houses in Dalton near to the boundary of Heaton. A pretty designation, perhaps derived from the larks that frequented the meadows surrounding the place where the birds then mounted heavenwards on the bars of their song. 3. Boyfe or Boyfall Hall in 1602 was owned by John Hopton of Armley, who sold it to Richard Thorpe of Hopton Hall, from whom it was inherited by his son Samuel who left it to his wife Judith. Before 1624 it came into the possession of John Horsfall, a Tanner, who by his Will bequeathed £5 to the Poor of the Parish. His gravestone at Kirkheaton is one of the oldest in the Churchyard and is curiously lettered without stops, or spaces between the words. In 1829 the Hall was owned by Sir John Kaye, Bt. and with 85 acres of land, was sold by him in that year. 4. Another of these is Bog HaJl in Heaton where Benjamin Waller lived in the first half of the XVIIIth century. He was Churchwarden for Heaton in 1748, and in Kirkheaton Church there is a tablet to his memory with the inscription— Amicitie et gratitudinis ergo To the memory of Mr. Benjamin Waller of Bog Hall

who died Novr. 1st, 1761, et. 57. Cetera quis nescit.

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DALTON LODGE.

GREENHEAD, DALTON.

OAKLANDS, DALTON.

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HALLS AND FAMILIES. 165

He was probably of the same family as Michael Waller of Bradley Hall whose son William Waller was of Newhouse, both in the parish of Huddersfield, to whom there is a gravestone at the Huddersfield Parish Church. This fragment is all we know of Bog Hall or the early dwellers there. 5. Stafford Hill is an old place-name in Kirkheaton. The Staffords were a Yeoman family there in the early XVI century and a Thos. Stafford made his Will in 1558. In 1695 Mary Stafford of Stafford-hill was buried at Kirkheaton. 6. Hodgson Fold is now a cluster of a few old houses about which little is known. John son of Joseph Hodgson of Heaton was baptized at Kirkheaton in 1779 and there is a vague story that he was one of the Hodgson family of the Mulcture Hall, Halifax.

LaTER MANSION HOUSES OF THE XIXTH CENTURY.

1. Dalton Lodge was built for George Senior in 1821. He also built the first Chapel at Grove Place, Dalton. 2. Grove House, at Grove Place, Dalton, was built by his son, Joseph Senior, a few years afterwards. He also rebuilt Grove Place Chapel. 3. Greenhead, Dalton, was built for James Tolson in 1840. 4. Oaklands, Dalton for Robert Henry Tolson in 1855. 5. Ravensknowle, Dalton, for John Beaumont in 1860. The above were all members of one family; James Tolson and John Beaumont were the sons-in-law, and Robert Henry Tolson the grandson, of George Senior. 6. Ashfield, Lepton was built for Abraham Brierley about 1860. 7. The Knowle, Kirkheaton, for Hefford Ainley, about 1890. 8. The Dean, Kirkheaton for his son John Shaw Ainley a little later.

CHAPTER XXVI.

CONCLUSION.

UCH more could be written with regard to Kirkheaton, but these Annals must M be concluded with a few passing observations. The Cottage dwellers of the Parish speak a broad Yorkshire dialect, for example:—Heaton is generally called ‘ Yetton.”” A man wanting to smoke and short of a match would say to his companions, “ An-ony-on-yer-ony-on-yer,’’ meaning ‘‘ Have any of you any upon you.” “ Atta-baan-ta-luk-aat,” is ““Are you going to look They have a peculiar habit of using the past participle of the verb “‘ to put ’’--instead of “ put ” they say “putten”’; a teacher trying to correct this, chalked a sentence on the Blackboard purposely writing ‘‘putten” for ‘‘put” and asked the class to say

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166 KIRKHEATON.

where it was wrong; one youngster immediately replied, “ Tha’s putten putten and tha sud a putten put.” The once familiar “‘ Folk Songs ” have nearly vanished, but long ago the children of the Parish used to chant as they danced in the Playground, or once open Greens:—

“ Where mun (must) we go says Robin to Bobbin, Where mun we go says Richard to Robin, Where mun we go says Johnnie Belloo, Where mun we go lads everyone.”

““ We’ll off to the Woods says Robin to Bobbin,” (repeating as first verse). “What mun we do there says Robin to Bobbin,” etc. ‘* We'll catch a fat Hare says Robin to Bobbin,” etc. ““ What mun we do wi’ it says Robin to Bobbin,” etc. “ We'll sell it to th’ Queen says Robin to Bobbin,”’ etc,

The games and pastimes of the Parish were first and foremost Cricket, in which the Lascelles Hall Club, as already mentioned, held a World-wide reputation; Bowls, Knur-and-Spell, “‘ Brassies,” played in a similar way to Quoits, but with small Brass rings, little larger than a five shilling piece. Curious christian names were sometimes used and in the Registers there is the baptism of Martha, daughter of ‘“‘ What God Will” Berry, in 1767. The villagers were also notorious for bye-names, and he was a fortunate man who, in the old days, did not receive a sobriquet, in some cases not even being known by his real name. The annual “ Feast,”’ or holiday, was Whit-Wednesday, and was called Kirk- heaton Rant, not an inappropriate name for the jollifications in former times. The Sunday School Anniversary was the occasion for large congregations; at the evening service it was customary for the Churchwardens to go round the Church Yard and collect from those who from preference, or lack of room, were not in the Church; after doing this one of them would cross over to the Kirkstile Inn and collect from the company gathered there. It was once the duty of Churchwardens “ not to suffer any idle persons to abide in the Church Yard during Divine Service ’’; the Wardens of Kirkheaton scrupulously saw to this and formerly, very audibly and noisily, came down the wooden stairs from their pew in the ‘‘ Dickens Loft ”’ about the middle of the service to search the Grave Yard for loiterers; they also extended their inspection to the Kirkstile Inn, and unless they are grievously maligned, were not averse to partaking of a stoop of ale there at the same time. ** Black Dick’s Ghost ”’ (Sir Rd. Beaumont) was long a terror to the children of Kirkheaton. He was said to sometimes leave his tomb in the Beaumont Chapel and:

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‘de ea t Aas lo book -

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“MOMAV LSVT SIH LOHS COOH WOUA ‘ANOINd SAAINMIN LY ASAOH-ALVD AHL

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ENT.

3

4

AS AT PRI

ROBIN HOOD’S GRAV

Ke

T KIRE

f

HOOD’S GRAVESTONE

ROBIN

REV.

AS SKETCHED BY THE

LEES, JOSEPH ISMAY, VICAR OF MIRFIE

LD

1754.

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CONCLUSION. 167

“ Oft in the path along the Grave Yard wall were seen, By glimpse of moonbeams chequering through the trees, The Schoolboys with their satchels in their hands, Whistling aloud to bear their courage up, And lightly tripping o’er the long flat stones, With nettles skirted and with moss o’ergrown That tell in homely phrase who sleeps below. Sudden they start, and hear, or think they hear, The sound of something purring at their heels. Full fast they fly, and dare not look behind them, Till out of breath they overtake their fellows, Who gather round, and wonder at the tale Of horrid apparition, tall and ghastly.”

A favourite walk on Summer evenings was by a footpath that led through Pontey’s Nursery Gardens. The Ponteys were a noted family of landscape gardeners, and Wm. Pontey had for patrons two of the Dukes of Bedford, and was called in, to advise, plant and prune the now beautiful plantations at Woburn, and he is casually mentioned by Sir Walter Scott in the novel ‘‘ St. Ronan’s Well.” He published a book on Forestry in 1805 which was printed by Thos. Smart of Huddersfield. He, his predecessors, and successors, had Nurseries at Bottoms in Kirkheaton for more than Ir0 years, but when the Kirkburton Railway was made some 60 years ago, portions of them were destroyed and they have long since entirely disappeared. The last of the family emigrated to Australia, where he died. At Christmas and New Year’s time there were Carol singers, Hand-bell Ringers, Mummers, and Wassailers. The Mummers were boys, masked and disguised, who performed a kind of play, the subject being a parody of the legend of St. George and the Dragon, but St. George was generally converted into King George: ““T am King George, that noble champion bold, And with my trusty sword I won ten thousand pounds in gold, “°Twas I that fought the fiery Dragon and brought him to his slaughter, And by this means I won the King of Egypt’s daughter.” A quaint performance with much clashing of imitation rapiers and the whimsical adjunct of sweeping the hearth in reference to clearing away the old year. The Wassailers were girls carrying a basket decorated with paper flowers and fruit; they sang: “Here we come a Wassailing, Friends do travel far and near, So Gop bless you and send you, A Happy New Year.” Alas! many of these cheery old customs have already ceased and the remainder are fast falling into disuse. The hero of the district is the legendary Outlaw, Robin Hood, who is said to have died and been buried at Kirklees, near to the boundary of Kirkheaton. The story runs that Robin repaired to Kirklees to be bled by his kinswoman the Prioress of the Nunnery, who treacherously caused his death by taking too much blood. He was lodged in the Gate-house, which still remains, and from one of the windows he shot his last arrow.

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168 KIRKHEATON.

“Give me my bent bow in my hand, And a broad arrow I'll let flee; And where this arrow is taken up, There shall my grave digg’d be.”

The reputed grave is too far away for a bow drawn by a dying man to have sent a shaft, but be this as it may, the place where he was said to be laid is on the rising ground overlooking the valleys of the Calder and Colne with Kirkheaton on the South- East. In 1773 the then Sir George Armytage caused two pillars to be erected by the grave which was covered by a stone some 7 feet long and about a foot thick, incised with a Cross. This was mutilated into a shapeless block by navvies when making the Railway near to the spot in 1838-40, chipping off bits of the slab, which was thought to have curative powers. Since then it has been protected by iron railings and on a panel inside the enclosure there is cut the rhyme :—

“* Hear undernead dis laitl stean, Laiz robert earl of Huntingdon, Near arcir ver az hie sa geud An pipl kauld im robin heud, Sick utlawz az hi an iz men, Vil england nivr si agen. * Obiit 24 Kal: decembris 1247.”

So end these Annals of :—

Yetton through the bygone ages, Rambling chronicles by me, May the readers of these pages, Kind and lenient critics be.”

LrEGH To ison, F.S.A. BARTON House, PENRITH.

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APPENDIX.

Chapter IT. FEUDAL HISTORY.

We are apt to regard the Conqueror from a wrong perspective; to forget that he was the kinsman and legal heir of the childless Edward the Confessor. Harold had broken his vow to assist in William’s succession and the Battle of Hastings was a dynastic dispute between two rival claimants to the Throne, and not primarily an invasion for the acquisition of territory, although owing to the slaughter of so many Thanes at Senlac it became such, and William’s followers were rewarded by the Feudal gift of vacant and conficsated Manors. These Knights from Normandy and Brittany were also of much the same Anglo-Saxon, Danish and Viking blood and characteristics as the men of England whom they fought and defeated.

Page 23. 1369. The Feast of Saint Laurence (10th August). Charter dated at Lepton confirming a grant from Richard Brand, Chaplain to John son of Philip del Stages and Isabel his daughter, of one messuage and all lands, meadows, pastures and woods, etc. in Lepton, which he recently had of the gift and grant of the aforesaid John and Isabel, to hold the same for their lives, of the chief lords of that fee, by service, etc., paying thereafter yearly to the Service of the Blessed Mary in the Church of Heton twelve pence at the Feasts of Pentecost and Saint Martin. Moreover all the aforesaid messuage, etc. after the death of the aforesaid John and Isabel shall remain for 200 years for the Service of the Blessed Mary in the Church of Heton to the praise of God and the Blessed Virgin, for the souls of the said John, etc., and of all faithful dead. And that the aforesaid tenements shall be at the disposition of the Churchreeves and that they render Service for the same. In like manner the Reeves after the end of the term of 200 years shall hold and retain the said tene- ments to the use of the Blessed Mary until claimed by the heirs of the said John. Witnesses :—Laurence de Staynton, Richard de Lascels, Adam del Stockes, Thomas de Dalton, William de Birkeley. Yorkshire Charters printed by T. W. Hall, 1928. These tenements were in Lepton, those quoted on p. 23 and 67 were in Kirk- heaton. The Lepton property is not mentioned in the Certificate of 1548. In 1549 Sir Edward Warner, Kt., Silvester Leigh of Pomfrett, gent., and Leonard Bate of Lupset, gent., known to have been large purchasers of the confiscated lands,

169

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170 KIRKHEATON.

granted a messuage, etc. in tenure of Elizabeth North in Kirkheaton, which belong to the late Chantry in the Church there, to... . . (See Calendar of Patent Rolls). This suggests that as the Lepton Property of the Chantry is not mentioned, it had been annexed before the issue of the Certificate, and was part of the “ lands con- cealed from the Crown,” referred to on p. XVI of the Preface of Vol. 91 of the Surtees Society.

Page 47. The following Mural Inscriptions are subsequent not prior to the fire in 1886. No 11, added to. Nos. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26. The two following Inscriptions were placed in the Church after the list of Mural Tablets was compiled.

Sacred to the Memory of GERTRUDE The beloved wife of The Rev: John Wright Moore M.A. Rector of Kirkheaton Born June 18. 1862. Died Jan: 10. 1927 Pure, Spiritual, Gentle, Her life was full of beauty, and Fragrant with loving deeds.

To the Memory of SAM CHAMBERS, M.R.C.V.S. Born 27 Nov: 1864, Died March 7. 1927 Scholar, Teacher, and Superintendent of Kirkheaton Parish Church Sunday Schools A man of sterling character and earnest zeal Who loved all children and was loyal to his Church.

With reference to the Mural Tablets Nos. 21 and 23, Whiteley Tolson mentioned on them, died 1st Dec. 1928, aged 78 years. (This will be recorded in due course on Tablet 23).

Page 60. For some 180 years the Tower Arch was blocked up by the “ Dickens Loft ”’ and could not be seen, the photo of the interior of the Church looking West in 1886 shows a circular pillar, part of the original XIII or XIV century North Aisle which remained in situ as a support to the “‘ Dickens Loft ”’ until 1886.

Page 85. Gu: a fleur de lis or, a canton ermine, a crescent for difference, are the arms of Clarke co: Lancs:

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APPENDIX. 171

Page 116. A translation of the Charter referred to in Loidis and Elmete now in the Yorks: Arch: Soc: Library, Leeds: The date appears to be between 1230 and 1240, as John de Lacy became Earl of Lincoln in the former, and died in the latter year. “Thos. de Dransfeuld gave, etc. to Dom John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Chester all the land which he had in the Vill of Whitley with the capital Messuage, etc. yielding to Peter de Berkethwaite, or his heirs Xs. at the feast of St. Martin, and one pound of Cummin to Will de Dransfeld, etc. He received XX marks from the said Earl.”’ “ Know all present and to come that I, John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Chester have given, etc. to John Muncebot (Montbegon) and to his heirs, or to his assignee Wm. de Bellomont, for his homage and service, all the land which I had of Thomas de Dransfeld in the Vill of Whitley with the capital Messuage, etc. To hold to him and his heirs or to his assignee the said Wm. de Bellomonte forever. Yielding yearly to me and my heirs one pair of White gloves at Easter and I will free him and his heirs against the heirs of Peter de Berkethwaite and Wm. de Dransfeld.” “ Know all present and to come that I, John Muncebot have appointed Wm. de Beaumont my heir to my lands at Whitley, etc. as is testified by a deed of the Lord Earl if I shall depart this life without an heir of my own body by my wife.”

Page 116. In 1928 E. T. Beaumont of Oxford, produced in type script a History of the Beaumont family in Yorkshire and other Counties from 850-1850 containing numerous pedigrees, records and genealogical information.

In 1928 Mrs. Wright Batley gave an Oak Seat for the Porch of Kirkheaton Church with the following inscription :—- In memory of Wright H. Batley Born 2nd Feb. 1860 Died 2nd Sept. 1922 Churchwarden for Dalton Township IQIQ-1922.

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WarR MEMORIAL, KIRKHEATON CHURCH.

Designed by the late J. W. Cocking of Lower Hall, Kirkheaton, in carved Oak, and erected in July, 1921, by public subscription.

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NOLVUHMYIM TVINOWHIN YUVA

SRE MM)

NE

CHINE

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INDEX NOMINORUM.

Adam, parson of Heton, 72, 74. Agar and Sons, Bury, 32. Ainley, and Sons, 60, 101; Edw., 128; Hefford, 41, 53, 102, 143”., 165; Lt. Hefford Wm. E., 54; John Shaw, 57, 165; Martha, 41; Wm.,

128. Aizlabie, Mrs., 144. Albany, Duke of, H.R.H. Prince

Leopold, 30, 124; Duchess of, 124. Albemarle, Duke of, 122. Aldene, 2. Alderson, Anna Maria, 89; arms of, 45; Charlotte Maria, 89; Rev. Chris- topher, M.A., 30, 31, 49, 68, 72, 74, 89, 90, 95; Christopher, 89; Clarice Rossendale, 89; Rev. Frank, 89; Mrs. Frank, 30; Georgiana, 49; Rev. Jonathan, 72, 74, 89; Jona- than, jun., 89; Julia Maria, 89; Mary Augusta, 89. Allen, Rev. Samuel, 92; Susanna, 92. Allendale, Viscount, 123. Allott, Allot, Bartin, 87; Rev. Bryan, 47, 73, 87; Margaret, 47, 87; Mary, 87; Very Rev. Richard, 87; Valen- tine Henry, 87. Alric, 2, 21. Alston, Annie C., 49, 95; Rev. George, B.A., 49, 95; arms of, 45. Alta Ripa, de, family of, 43, 43. Andrews, Richard, 17, 17n., 136. Angolesme, Duke of, 121. Appleyard, Katherine, 157; Mary, 155. Armitage, Armytage, Benjamin, 36; Edwd. C., ror; Eliz., 128; Geo., 134; Sir Geo., Bt., 142, 144, 145,

173

165; Godfrey, 145; Gregory, 128; Hannah, 144; Hester, 78; Hum- frey, 107; Rev. John, 93; John, 78, 145; James, 57; Lady, 145; Mer- riam,7; Miss, 145; Richard, 6, 157; Sarah, 134; Wm., 35, 36, 100; family of, 93. Ashton, Assheton, Eliz., 59, 128; Sir John, 117; Ralph, 59, 121, 128, 136; arms of, 46. Askew, John, 112. Aspinal(l), Ann, 85, 92; Rev. Mr., 99; Rev. Nicholas, 85, 92. Assenhull, Constance, 69, 76; Joan, 69; Sir Wm., 69; 73, 76. Assolf, 12; Adam, son of, 12; Thomas, son of, 12. Atkinson, Ann, 51, 52, 53, 50, 56”.; Ann Eliz., 52; Ann Law, 53; Ann Vyse, 51; Ann Woodhouse, 51, 55; Charles, 52, 53, 56, 158, 159; Charles Johnson, 52, 53; Charlotte, 52, 53; Chamberlain, 52, 56; Ed- ward, 52, 53; Eliz., 51, 52, 53, 55, 56,158; Ellen, 53, 56”.; Emily, 52; Frances, 52, 56; Francis, 52; Henry, 52; John, 158; Joseph, 35, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 158, 159; Joseph, jun., 56, 158; Law, 35, 51, 52, 53, 56, 158; Lees, 53; Louisa, 52; Louisa Catherine, 52; Lucy, 53; Mary, 52, 56; Mary Margaret, 52; Margaret, 52, 53,50; Mary Frances, 53; Michael, 158; Richard, 153, 158; Robt. Henry, 52; Robt. Rockley, 52; Susanna, 51, 53, 50; Thomas, 35, 51, 52, 56, 158; Thomas, jun., 56, 158.

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174 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Augustine, St., 79. B.

Bagshaw, Thomas, 113. Baildon, W. Paley, 117. Bailey, Wm., 35. Baldwin, Rev. Albert Wm., 95; Chris- topher E., J.P., 95; Martha C., 95. Ball, John, “ Mad Priest of Kent,” 15. Balle, Robt., 13, 91. Balmeforth, Jonathan, 35. Banester, arms of, 39. Barber, Julia Maria, 89; Rev. Richard, 89, 95; Rev. Wm., 89, 95. Bardoff, Hugh, 14. Barneby, de Thomas, 73, 75. Barneby, de, Alice, 75; Edmund, 75; Margaret, 75; Robert, 75. Bate, Leonard, 66. Bates, Billy, 135. Batley, Edmund, 104; Richard, 36. Batteley, Rd., 143, 145. Batty, Benj. N. R., 157; Miss, 159. Batty, Richd., 146. Battye, Robert R., 36. Beaumont, Adam, 59, 108, 117, 118, 122, 128; Agnes, 117; Amelia, 50; Anne, 59, 128, 129, 161; “ Black Dick,” 119, 120, 121, 166; “ Black Dick of y@ North,” r19n.; Cecilia, 42, 117, 118; Charles R., 58, 123; Charlotte M°C., 42, 123; “ Crook’d- back Dick,” 118, 122; Diana, 123; E. A., 41; Edw., 25, 90, 106, 121; Eliz., 4, 59, 9I, I2I, 123, 127, 128, 147; Frances, 58, 102, 122, 123, 140; Francis, 120; George, 123, 140, 156; Haidée, 96; Henry, 24, I03, 109, 117, 118, 122, 123, 126; Henry Fredk., M.P., 30, 96, 123, 124,150; Henry Ralph, 124; Joan, 126, 128, 151; John, 35, 42, 50, 57, 59, 106, 117, 118, 123, 150, 150, 164, 165; Sir John, 117;

Joseph, 50, 156; Judith, 123; Kath., 122, 128; Lawrence, 106, 117; Maria, 41; Mary, 50, 148; Martha, 50, 58, 123; Mr., 144; Nich., 117; Richd., 5, 13, 35, 42, 57, 58, 59, 69, 69”., 70, 71, 72, 73, QI, 92, IOI, 103, 104, 117, 118, 119, I2I, 122, 123, 127, 128, 129, 140, I42, 147, 161; Richd. Hen., 11, 35, 58, 72, 74, 99, 102, 123, 125, 126; Sir Richd., 25, 39, 46, 57, 107, 119, 120, 121, 166; Lt. Col. Richd. H. B., 42; Maj.-Gen. Rich. H. J., 42; Sir Robt., 117; Roger, 104, 117, 11g, 128; Rosamond, 118, 121; Sarah, 50, 56, 57, 123, 150, 150; Sarah Martha, 50, 164; Squire, 93; Susanna, 59, 92, 122,128; Thomas, 5,7, 57, 91, 103, 118, 121, 134, 151; Sir Thomas, 26, 58, 80, 85, 117, 121, 122, 128, 148; Thom. Richd., 72, 123; Wm., 5, 14, 117, 118; Wm. Henry, 91; arms of, 39, 42, 46, 47, 59, 117, 118; family of, 11, 25, 75, II7, 133, 135, 139, 164. Beckwith, John, 162. Bede, the Venerable, 19. Bedford, Duke of, 150, 167. Bedford, John, 29; Wm., 102. Bellomont, de, Sir Robt de, 13; Sir Thomas, 45. Bellomonte, de, Wm., 12. Bentley, John, 41; Mary, 152; Wm., 57, 152. Bernard, Arthur, 147; Eliz., 123, 147; Fanny, 147; Lt.-General Geo., 123, 147. Berry, George, 36; Martha, 166; “‘ What God Will,” 166. Bertram, Mr., 144. Bingley, John, rro. Birkin, de, John, 13; family of, 12. Bishop, Mr., 147. Blackburn, Arthur, 26; Joseph, 35.

Thomas, 13;

Page 308

INDEX NOMINORUM. 175

Blackett, Sir Thomas, 35, 72, 123, 137. Blair [Robert], quoted, 61. Blythe, Rev. Thomas, 85, 92: Bogg, Edmond, his Eden Vale to Plains of York, quoted, 137. Bolles, Lady Mary, 155. Booth, Josh., 113. Boswell, his Life of Johnson, quoted, 64. Bottom, Nicholas, 110. Bower, Mr., 146; Mrs., 146. Bower, Sister, 145. Bradley, de, Adam, 5; Ralph, 5; Wm., 158. Brady, Tate and, 38. Bragg, Henry, 86. Bray, Benjamin, 36. Brackenbury, family of, 125. Brickwood, Mr., 53. Brierley, Abram, 40. Brierley, Abraham, 165. Broadbent, John, 161; John C., 41, 134; Mary, 161; Wm., 63; Sir Wm. Henry, Bt., 161; arms of, 46. Broadly, Thomas, 35. Bronte, Charlotte, 9. Brooke, Brook, Anna Maria, 142; Betty, 145; Charles, 5, 35, 88, 142, 146, 153; his Diary quoted, 143; Chris- topher, 26, 100; Edward, 26; Ed- ward, 143, family of, 146; Eliz., 142; Geo., 35; Henry, 154; Jane, 142; John, 32, 93, 95, 105, 142, 143, 113; J. C., 123; Maria, 142; Joseph, 32, 34; Martha, 142; Neddy, 146; Richd., 109, 142; Samuel, 35; Sarah, 142. Broke, John, 106; Wm., 106. Brown, E. M., 134; Wm., F.S.A., Capt. Wm., 133. Bruke, John, 104. Brux, de, Edith, 12; Walter, 12. Buckingham, John Sheffield, Duke of, 84. Burdet(t), Cousin, 85; Eliz., 85; Geo., 85, 148; Mary, 148.

Nicholas, 5;

Burgh, de, Joan, 69; John, 73; Sir John 68, 76; Sarra, 68; Thomas, 68, 73; Sir Thomas, 13, 68, 73; family of, ar. Burgo, de, Sir Thomas, 74, 75; Thomas, 74- Burke: Landed Gentry, quoted, 84, 126. Burton, Agnes, 88; Annabella, 88; Bridget, 88; Diana, 88; Elizabeth, 88; Rev. John, 67, 73, 88,93; John 88; Julia, 88; Sophia, 88; Wm., oI, 103; Mr., 143, 144. Busc, de, Walter, 5; Eclid, 5. Butler, Charlotte, 123; Eliz., 123; Humphrey, 123; Sarah, 123. Byngley, John, 103. Bynnes, Wm., 106. Byland, Abbot of, 14. Byrton, John, 76.

Cadwalla, 19. Caiton, Elizabeth, 85. Caighi, see Kaye. Calamy, Dr., his Nonconformists’ Mem- orial quoted, 80. Cambrensis, Giraldus, 317.,. 37. Cambridge, Duke of, 96, 124; Earl of, 140. Cambridge Univ., Vice-Chan., Dr. Hinchcliffe, 146; Trinity, Master of, Dr. Hinchcliffe, 146. Campbell, Rev. F., 95. Canterbury, Archbp. of, Edmund, 31, 84. Capet, Veuve, 99. Carlisle, Bishop of, R. Osbalderston, 86. Carr, Mr., 143. Carter, Christopher, 91; John, 26, 91; Thomas, 105. Cartwright, Dorothy, 152, 154; Wm., 152. Castle, James, 114; John, 35. Castleton, Lord, 122, 130.

Page 309

176 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Chancellor, Lord, Tho. Langley, 13. Chappell, John, 150; Sarah, 150. Chatham, Earl of, 93. Chester, Constable of, 12, 14. Child, Mr., 145; Miss, 145. Clarke, Ann, 85, 92; Rev. Daniel, 85; Elizabeth, 85; Frances, 85, 87; Mary, 85; Mr., 102; Rev. Preb. T., M.A., 47, 48, 68, 72, 73, 86, 156; Rev. Thomas, 73, 86, 87, 92, 95, IOI, 102, 110; Sarah, 87; Arms of, 45. Clarke, Wm., 87. Claviger, see Club-man. Clay, J: W., F.S.A., his Visitation of Yorks, quoted, 80. Clayton, Elizabeth, 85; James, 36; John, 5, 17, 103, 105; Richard, 5; Robert, 5; Wm., 17, 104. Cliffe, Stephen, 63. Clifton, arms of, 39, 46. Clossdavis, Rev. Thomas, 96. Club-man, the, Richard, 5. Cockhill, Joseph, 36. Cockill, John, 142. Cocking, J. W., 23, 57, 134. Cockroft, Henry, 93. Codrington, Adm. Sir Edw., G.C.B., 147. Coggell, John, 106. Cole, Humphrey, 71, 73, 78. Collingwood, W. G., 19, 20. Collynson, Catherine, 149; Ralph, 149, 154. Comfer, J. N., 41. Conqueror, The, r. Conacher & Co., P., 34, 35. Conway, Lord, 79. Copley, Adam, 107; Joseph, 36; Richard, 164; Arms of, 39, 46. Copple, Edward, 104. Cooke, John, 206. Cormere, Baron, 99, 125. Cottenham, Earl of, 137. Cotton, Wm., 83; Mr., 145. Couper, Eliz., 157; Wm., 157. Cowgill, Isaac, 35; James, 35; Wm., 36.

Cowper, John, 26. Cresswell, arms of, 46. Crewe, Lord, Eliz., sister of, 147. Cricket Club, Lascelles Hall, 135. Croft, Oliver, 73, 76. Cromwell, [Oliver, Ld. Protector], 70, 82, 98. Cromwell, Thomas, 25”. Crook, John, 143. Croslands, Rev. Mr., 107. Crostwhate, Thomas, 105. Crosthwhayte, Joan, 151; Thomas, 151. Crotty, Rev. Michael, 95. Crow, Miss, 146. Crowther, John, 26. Cruddas, W. D., 74. Cussyng d’ Etton, Wm., 73, 76.

D.

Daliffe, John, 109. Dalton, Eliz., 149, 154; Gilbert, 13; Henry, 91; Jane, 154; John, 13, 153; Laurence, 154; Richard, 140, 154; Robert, 149; Roger, 154; Thomas, 13, 9I, 153; Wm., 13. Darcy, Geoffrey, 117; John, 117. Dartmouth, Earl of, 35, 137, 138. Daubuz, Charles, 92; Rev. Claudius, 92; Isaie, 92; Julie, 92; Marie, g2. Dauphin, The, 99. Dawson, Mrs., 144. Dawtrey, Sir John, 43; Rev. Wm., 43, 73, 76, 103; arms of, 43, 76. Dealtry, Christopher, 86; Edward, 86; Wm., 72, 73, 85, 86; family of, 43, 76. Deighton, Agnes, 88; Rev. John, 88. Denby, Denebi, de, Adam, 15; Henry, I2, 14, I4n., 16; Jordan, Osbert, 12, 14; Sweyn, 12, 14, 16; Symon, 14”; Wm., 12, 14. Denton, Ann, 128; Eliz., 128, 153; George, 128, 153; John, 128. Derby, Earl of, 142.

Page 310

INDEX NOMINORUM. 177

Derry, E. Hopkins, Bishop of, 86. Devonshire, Duke of, 87. Dewhirst, J., Master of Kirkh. Gr. Sch., 2I, 28. Dickins, Ann, 27, 140, 141; [Charles], quoted, 61; Elizabeth, 51, 140, 141; Martha, 140; Mary, 140, 141; Sam- uel, 51, 141; Sarah, 140; Thomas, 5, 26, 27, 3I, 33, 51, 108, 139, 140, 141; Wm., 51, 141; arms of, 46, 141; family of, 139, 140, 141, 146. Dickson, Capt., 133. Dighton, Wm., 162. D’Isle, Beatrix, 139; Wm., 1309. Dives, Thomas, 13, 155; family of, 155. Dodson, Joseph, 35. Dodsworth, Cecilia, 126, 127; Jane, 154; Richd., 44; Roger, 4, 13, 39, 42, 44, 76, 9I, 117, 148, 155; Thomas, 44; Wm., 76, 126, 127, 128, 154. Dodworth, Wm., 154. Doliffe, John, 111. Dollive, Isaac, 36.

Donaldson, Professor, 34; ——, 34. Dransfield, de, Hugh, 12; Thomas, 12.

Dransfield, Hannah, 94; John, 1109; John H., 94; Thomas, 1109. Driffield, Rev. Christopher, 102; Rev. Mr., 87. Dronsfield, de, Agnes, 69, 75; Alice, 73; Henry, 73, 75; John, 69, 75; Mar- garet, 75; Richd., 73, 76. Duncombe, Emma, 147; Thomas, 147. Durham, Bishop of, Langley, 13, 151, 155. Durham, Prebendary of, Dr. Watts, 142. Dutton, Thomas, 35,144; Tommy, 143, 144, 146; family of, 144. Dyghton, Wm., 162. Dymock, Sir Henry, Bt., 94. Dyson, Dorothy, 161; Hanby, 36; John, 36, 105; Joseph, 26, 36; Joshua, 161; Mary, 161; Mr., 142; Wm., 36.

E.

Eastwood, James, 35, 36. Eccles, Clarice Rossendale, 89; Thomas, 89. Edwards, Eliz., 158; John, 158. Eland, Sir John, 3, 13, 117. Elcock, Alice, 83, 84; Ann, 83; Dr. Anthony, 26, 71, 72, 73, 83, 84; Francis, 83; George, 83. Elmsall, Ann, 140; Edward, 140; Ellen, 140; Mary, 140; Rev. Henry, 140; Sarah, 140; Wm., 140. Elric, 2, 12. Elys, Richard, 13; Robt., 13; Sir Wm., 7, Empson, Gregory, 85; Rev. Thomas, 92. English, arms of, 39, 46. Episcopalians, 81. Ethiopian, an, 99, 125. Everingham, de, Adam, 13; Sir Henry, 13, 119”.; Isabel, 13; Sir Robt., 13. Eston, Wm. Cussing d’, 73, 76. Evans, Samuel, 40, 41.

Ewart, John, 35. Eyres, Ann Eliz., 94; Henry Wm., 95;

Samuel, 94,95. Eyton, 2n.

F.

Fairbairn, his Book of Crests quoted, 141. Fairfax, Lord, 162. Fairweather, Mr., 147. Fulkes, Dr., 79. Fane, Eliz., 122; Tho., Earl of West- moreland, 122. Farrand, John, 36.

Farrer, W., his Early Yorks. Charters

quoted, 90, 9I. Fenton, Mr., 144. Feversham, Lord, 147. Finchenden, arms of, 138; family of, 136. Firth, Miss, 145.

2A

Page 311

178 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Fishborne, Robert, 145. Fisher, Rev. Henry, 95; Rev. Richard, 93. Fitz Peter, Adam, 14. Fitzswaine, Adam, 12; Eurice, 14. Fitz Swein fitz Alric, 68; Mabel, 68; Matilda, 68. Fitz William, family of, 15. Flamang, de, Thomas, 3. Flamang, le, Anne, 148; Diana, 5; Geoffrey, 5; John, 5,148; Sir John, 148; Walter, 5. Flamong, Alice, 148; Isabel, 148; Thomas, 5; Sir Thomas, 148. Flandrensis, John, 153; Thomas, 153; see Fleming. Fleming, le, Reiner, 12, 13, 148; Sir Reiner, 148; Wm., 13, 148, 149, 154; Sir Wm., 148. Fleming, Walter, 125; family of, 127. Fleming, Eliz., 149, 154; John, 126n, 149n.; Mary, 126.; Richard, Bp. of Lincoln, 149”.; Robert, 1497.; arms of, 149”. Fletcher, Rev. T., 94. Flocton, de, Margery, 12. Flower, Wm., his Vzsiin. of Yorks., 154. Foljambe, Geoffrey, 70, 73; Roger, 70, 73: Ffolliat, Rev. Wm., 95. Foster, James, 36, 150, 156; Joseph, his Yorks. Pedigree quoted, 70, Richard, 35; Sarah, 156. Fountains, Abbot of, 13. France, King of, 14. France, Philip, King of, 16. Frankish, Agnes, 149; George, 126, 127, 149; Margaret, 126, 127, 140. Friars, of St. Augustine, Tickhill, 104; of St. Francis, Doncaster, 104; preaching, Pontefract, 104. Fryston, Agnes, 127, 149; John, 127, 149; Wm., 149; family of, 149.

Amabel, 12;

G.

Gamel, 2, 12. Garrick, David, 47; lines by, 88. Gascoign, John, 118. Gasquet, Dom, his Med. Par. Life quoted, 97, I12. Gawkethorpe, de, Wm., 14. Gell, Archdeacon, 96; Emily, 96. Gerneber, 2. Gibbons [A.], his quoted, 70. Gibson, Edmond, 107; Hester, 78; John, 78; Sir John, LL.D., 78; Sir John, High Sheriff, 78; Rev. Robt., 70, 71, 73, 78, 100, 107; Mr. Robt., ror; Thomas, 70. Gill, Law, 51; Mary, 51; Richard, 51. Gledhill, Emily, 33; Mary Ogden, 102. Glover, his Visttation of Yorks., quoted, 139. Gordon, Mary, r4o. Grantley, Lord, his chaplain, 67, 94. Gray, de, Archbp., 20, 74; “ Gray, Fanny,” 147; Thomas, his Elegy quoted, 61; Walter, 73. Green, J. R., his Hist. of the English People, 15n., 77, 93. Greenhold, Widow, 109. Greenwood, Frederick, 50; Luke, 35; Martha, 50; arms of, 45. Gregory IX, Pope, 74. Grey, Lady Amelia, 137. Grice, Henry, 120, 121, 128; Mary, 128. Grime, Widow, 100. Grove-Grady, Mrs., Sarah M., 50, 164; Standish, 50, 164.

Northern Geneal.

EE.

H., E., 144. Haigh, Edward, 35; John, 134; Jona- than, 147; Wm., 157. Hall, Catherine, 149; Eliz., 44, 149; Thurston, 44, 149.

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INDEX NOMINORUM. 179

Hallas, John, 32. Hammerton, Wm., Hanbury, Ed. S., 72, 74. Hansby, Agnes, 151; Richard, r5r. Harewood, family of, 125, Harrington, Ann, 42v.; Henry, 70; Sir James, 42n., 69, 70, 73, 76; Sir John, 69; John, 42; Lady Margt., 76; Sir Thomas, 42n., 69; Sir Win., 69, 73, 76; Arms of, 39, 42, 46. Harrison, Ann, 56, 94; Gilbert, 73, 77, 78; Henry, 113; Rev. Henry, 29, 67, 94; 113; Hist. Yorks., quoted, 69; Thomas, 56, 94, 127. Haultrey, de, family of, 43”. Heald, Mary, 153; Rev. Thomas, M.A., 153; Rev. Wm., M.A., 157. Healey, de, Adam, 126”.; Will., 126n. Heath, Archbp., 69. Heaton, Thomas of, 13; Wm., of, 13. Heley, de, Adam, 15. Hemming, A. O. & Co., 41. Hemsted, Martha, 123; Stephen, 123. Hemyngburgh, de, Dis John, 75x. Hepworth, Christopher, ror; Henry, IoI, 104; Joan, 157; John, 104, 157; Margaret, 157; Richard, ror, 105, 107; Rev. Wm., 44. Hermitage, Thomas, 149. Herrick, Robt., quoted, 382. Hesket, Eliz., 149; Thomas, 149. Heton, de, Alice, dau. of, 67; Eudo, 3; Joan, 13, 164; John, 3, 13, 15, 125; Sir John, 13, 118, 164; Jordan, 3, 12; Richard, 12; Thomas, 13; William, 3, 15; family of, 1, 2r. Heton, Adam, parson of, 125; Henry, clericus de, 67; Henry, clerk, 23, 90; Humphrey, clerk, 90; Robert, the priest of, 90; William, priest of, 5. Hewgill, Major-General E., 96; Frank, g6; Rev. R. P. A., M.A., 96. Heywood, Oliver, 82, 130. Hill, Allan, 135; S., 11; Will, 65.

Hinchcliffe, Edward, 143, 146; Eliz., 146; Dr. John, Bishop of Peter- borough, 143, 146, 147; Mary, 35; Mr., 143. Hirst, Hurst, Hyrste, Anthony, 79; Dorothy, 162; Eliz., 144, 146; Ernest W., 57; Geo., 26; Herbert, 136; James, 162; John, 163; Lucy, 163; Richard, 163; Roger 163; Sarah, 79; Thomas, 162, 163; Wm. Edwards, 134; Mr., 144; Mrs. W. E. 32; Miss, 143. Hobson, John, his Diary quoted, 86; Wm., 26, 100. Hochonson, see Hutchinson. Hodgson, Anna Maria, 89; John, 165; Joseph, 35, 165; Rev. Roland, 89. Holdsworth, Gilbert, 155; Mary, 155. Holgate, Archbp., 69. Holroyd, J., 112. Holt, Eliz., 123; Wm., 123. Holt, arms of, 47, 59. Holiday, Ed., 109. Hoyle, John, 206. Hood, Robin, 132, 147, 167, 168; Thomas, quoted, 67; mentioned, 159. Hool’s wife, 105. Hooper, Bishop, 82. Hopton, de, Adam, 13, 44, 45; Alice, 23; John, 164; Sir John, 23, 67, 91; Richard, 15, 45; Wm., 23; arms of, 44. Hopkins, Abigail, 55, 86; Catherine, 86; Ezekiel, Bishop of Derry, 86; John, 86; Rev. John, M.A., 55, 73; Rachael 86; Stirnhold and, 37; William, 186. Horace, Pope’s Imitation of, quoted, 84. Hordern, Isaac, 41. Horne, B., 88. Horsfall, John, 62, 107, 164; Rev. John, 93; Rev. Mr., 146; Mr., 88, 143, 144, 145, 159; Mrs. 143, 144; Richard, 36.

Page 313

180 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Horton, Ann, 128; Lady Eliz., 142; Harriet, 142; Justice, 64; Susanna, 59; Thomas, 59, 83, 128; Rev. Sir Thomas, 142; Sir Watts, Bt., 142; Sir Wm., 142. Hospitallers, Knights, 17, 66, 66n. How, W. W., Ld. Bishop of Wakefield, 57: Howorth, Jonathan, 28. Hudson, John, 57; Thomas, 57.

Hunter, Rev. Joseph, his South Yorks., ©

quoted, 74, 139, 148, 162; his Hallamshire, quoted, 75; his Hist. of Lupset, quoted, 155. Huntingfield, Lord, 92. Huntington, Robt., Earl of, see Robin Hood. Huntriss, Wm., J.P., 54. Hurst, see Hirst. Hutchinson, Hochonson, Adam, 105, 106; Edm., 106. Hyrste, see Hirst. Hyder, Ali, 93.

I,

Ibberson, Joseph, 36. Ida, parson of Heton, 74. Tlbert, 2, 12. Inman, Richard H., 41. Insula, de, family of, 1309. Tronsides, 82. Irwin, Viscount, 87. Ismay, Rev. Joseph, 6, 85, 118, 124, 137, 139, 143, 146: Miss, 144.

J.

Jacob, E., 117. Jacobites, 84. Jaggar, Matthew, 128. Jakes, Jane, 154; Roger, 154. Jenkinson, Elizabeth, 85; Rev. Simon, 85. Jepson, Samuel, 26, roo.

Jessop, Alexander, 101; Hannah, 36; John, 36. Johnson, J. Foster, 72, 74; James, 162; Joseph, 140; Mary, 140; Dr. Samuel, his Life, quoted, 64; Thomas, 36; Wm., 114; arms of, I4I. Jones-Balme, Frank Ed. J., 139.

K.

Se i. ‘

Kaye, Kay, Ann, 136; Arthur, 136, 138, 151; Sir Arthur, Bt., 137; Beat- rice, 136; Charles Wm. D., 55; Dorothy, 137; Eliz., 137; Ellen, 154, George, 9, 137; Henry Best, 33; James, 36; Jane, 154, 135; John, 9, 44, 100, 105, 109, I12, 113, 136, 137, 138, 142, 143”., I5I, 152, 154, 155, 157; John, the younger, 154; Sir John, Bt., 26, 31, 82, 93, IIO, I2I, 131, 136, 137, 138, 154, 164; John Lister, 35; Sir John Lister, Bt., 31, 124, 137, 150, 156, 163; Sir John Pepys Lister, Bt., 153, 154; Langley, 152; Laurence, 44; Nicholas, 9; Richard, 9; Robert, 9, 1437., 158; Thomas, 9, 154; arms of, 138; family of, rr, 15, 136, 149, 154, 163, 164. Kayll & Reed, 42. Keighley, Charles William, 55; Jane Ann, 55. Kershaw, Rev. John, 80; Rebecca, 80. Kenyon, Emily, 96; Rev. Thomas, 96. Kesbur, see Kexborough. Kettlewell, Ann Eliz., 94; Mary, 41, 94; Mary Jane, 95; Margaret, 95; Rev. Samuel, D.D., 41, 94, 95, 102; Rev. Wm., 41, 67, 89, 94; Wm. Henry, 95. Kexborough (Kesbur), Adam de, 74. Kilner, Wm., 36. King, Charles I, 71, 73, 121; Charles IT, I5, 71, 73, 82, 108, 137; Edward

Page 314

INDEX NOMINORUM. 181

the Confessor, 1, 2; Edw. I, 9, 13, 14; Edw. III, 64, 117, 149; Edw. IV, 39, 148, 149; Edw. VI, 25, 66, 77; George I, 9; Geo. III, 96, 147; Henry I, 5; Hen. II, 148; Hen. III, 72; Hen. VI, 162; Hen. VII, 25n., 70; Hen. VIII, 13,17, 19, 25, 25n., 69, 70, 73, 77, 119; James I, 66, r119”., 158; John, 65; Richard I, 12, 14; Richard II, 44; Step- hen, 4; William I, 1, 2, 12, 15, 20, 43. Kirby, “ Inquest,” quoted, 2, 44, 74, 75. Kirkby, Wm., 70, 73. Kirkeby de, Thomas, 73, 74. Kirklees, Prioress of, 167. Kockhill, John, 106. Kitson, arms of, 45.

L.

Laburne, see Leybourne. Lacy, Lascy, de, Alice, 14; Henry, 14; Ilbert, 3, 12; John, 12, 75; Mar- garet, 14; Roger, 12; arms of, I17. Lamb, Dr., Bp. of Peterborough, 147. Lancaster, Earl of, 14. Lancaster, W. T., F.S.A., Chartulary of Fountains, quoted, 3, 6, 16, 74, 90. Langley, Agnes, 151, 152; Alfred, F. C. C., 152; Ann, 153; Arthur, I5I, 152, 154, 155; Dorcas, 153; Dorothy, 152, 154; Edward, 152; George, 152; Henry, 13, 151, 152; Hester, 152; Joan, 151; John, 108, 152, 154; Laurence, 152; Mar- jery, 151; Martha, 153; Mary, 152; Matthew, 128; Mr., 130; Oliver, 152; R., 28; Richard, 25, 26, 32, 77, 104, I5I, 152, 153, 155; Robert, 151, 152; Thomas, 151, 152, 153; Thomas, Bp. of Durham, and Ld. Chancellor, 13; Thos. Bp. Durham, 155; Wm., I51, 152; arms of, 151; family of, 151.

Langton, Thos., 119. Lascell(es), Laceles, de, Agnes, 13, 125; Cicely, 13, 125; Humphrey, 125; Nicholas, 13, 45, 125; Ralph, 125; Richard, 125; 126”.; Simon, 13, I25. Lascelles, Barbara, 126.; Cecilia, 126; Johanna, 115, 126; John, 118, 126, 126n., 127, 149; Margaret, 149; family of, 134. Lascelles Hall Cricket Club, 134. Lawton, » 43. Laybourne, see Leybourne. Lazonby, Rev. Wm., 145. Leatham, Edw. Aldam, M.P., 124. Leconfield, Lord, 43. Ledgard, Ann. 155; Edward, 155; Maria, 156; Mary, 155; John, 156; Joseph, 156; Richard, 156; Robert, 155; Sarah, 156. Lee, Alice, 148; Arthur, 52; Joseph, 111 Joshua, 36; Mr., ror, 102; Sir Wm. 148. Leeds, de, Thomas, 13, 74; Wm., 5, 13, 74; Leeds, Duke of, 80. Legge, Geo., Viscount Lewisham, 137. Legh, Rev. Dr. George, 87, 93, 102; Thomas, 84. Leigh, Sylvester, 66. Leland, the Antiquary, I9. Lely, Sir Peter, 140. Leopold, H.R.H. Prince, Albany, 30, 4I. Lepton, de, Adam, 126; Hamond, chap- lain, 91; Henry, 126; Richard, 125; Robert, 125, 126; Robt. the priest, 14, 90; Siward, 126; Thomas, 14, 90; Thomas the clerk, 90, 126; Wm., 14. Lewisham, Lady (Eliz.), 137; Viscount (Geo. Legge), 137. Lewty, Wm., 80. Leybourne, Laburne, Laybourne, Ann, 83; James, 26. Leycester, de, Roger, 1309.

Duke of

Page 315

182 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Lile, John, 104. Lillie, Agnes, 78, I06. Lincoln, Earl of, 12, 14, 75. Lister, Christopher, 137; Sir Richard, 69, 73. Lister-Kaye, Lady Amelia, 137; Lady Beatrice, 137; Sir Cecil Edmund, 137; Ellen, 137; Sir John, Bt., M.P., 137; Sir John Pepys, 137; family of, 1306. Livesay, Joseph, 36. Liversedge, John, 36; Wm., Lloyd, Rev. Charles, A. A., 89, 95; Clarice, Rossendale, 89; Joseph, 48; Rev. Newton R., 95; Sarah, 48. Lockwood, Ephriam, 135; Dr. Joseph, 72, 74; Richard, 149. Lodge, Richard, 62. London, Bishop of, R. Osbalderston, 86. Longspee, de, Margaret, 14; Wm., 14. Longfellow [H.W.], his Daybreak quoted, 62; quoted 112. Longford, Dr., 38. Longley, Adam, 152; Mr., 106. Longvilliers, de, Clementia, 68, 73, 74; Sir Eudo, 68. Lonsdale, Earl of, 96. Lord, John, 120. Louis Quatorze, 99. Louvain, de, Joselyn, 43. Lowther, Sir Wm., Bt., 87, 102. Lowther, arms of, 46. Lucas, Wm., 114. Lumm, Mr., 145. Lunn, Wm., 35. Lylee, Thomas, 105. Lyley, Beatrix, 40; Robt., 26; Wm., 39, 40, 41, IOI, 139, 150; arms of, 47. _Lythe, Rev. John, 93.

John, 36; Miss, 41;

M.

McCumming, Charlotte, 123; Capt. John, 123.

Maddox, Betsey, 90; George, 90; Maud, go; Mrs., 41, 53; Ralph Henry, C.LE.; 90; Rev. Ralph Henry, B.D., 53, 57, 72, 74, 90; Stuart L., C.S.J., 90; Violet, go. Mahy, Anna Preton, 99, 125; Wm. Francis, Baron de Cormeré, 99, 125; Wm. Thomas, 99, 125. Malherb, Clementine, 68; Matilda, 68. Mallinson, John, 35, 109, 144. Mare, Martha, r4o. Marie Antoinette, 99. Marot, Clement, 37. Marriott, Wm. T., 134. Marsh, Isabel, 77. Marshall, Sir Henry, 77. Maslen, Rev. Paul, 93. Mason, Wm., the poet, 89. Maude, Francis, 88; Sophia, 88; Wm., 72. Mauleverer, Dorothy, 138; arms of, 138. Mears & Sons, J., 38; & Stainbank, 38. Meadows, Brig-Surg. C. J. W., go. Medley, James, Meek, quoted, 131. Meeke, Robert, 85. Mellor, James, 128; John, 128; Joseph, 156; Mary, 156. Melton, de, Archbp. of York, 75. Mercers’ Company, 78. Metcalf, John, “ Blind Jack,” 137. Mexborough, Earls of, 44. Midgley, Rev. Jonathan, 92; Midgley, Samuel, 94. Midhope, de, Alice, 75; Edmund, 75; John, 75; Lucy, 75; Robert, 75. Midiwood, Stephen, 35. Miller, John, 36. Milner, Lister, 57. Mirfield, de, Uctred, 5,12; Wm., 117. Mir(e)feld, de, Adam, 15; Benedict, 15; Hugh, 12; Ravenkill, 12. Mirfield, Alice, Lady, 44; Cecilia, 42, 117; Dorothy, 162”.; Oliver, 43, 44; Robert, 162”.; Wm., 44, 117,

John, 68;

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INDEX NOMINORUM. 183

164; arms of, 42, 43, 118; family of, 44. Mitchel, Timothy, rro. Mitton, Ann, 139; Henry, 139. Molesworth, Eleanor, 132; Robt., 5th Viscount, 132; Robt. John Gideon, 132. Monks of Fountains, 66. Montaign “ Old,” 84. Montebegan, Adam, 68; Matilda, 68. Monteagle, Edw. Stanley, Lord, 70; Lord, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73; Sir H. Stanley, Lord, Wm. Stanley, Lord, 73. Moore, Rev. John Wright, 72, 74, 90. Moorhouse, Edw., 85, 92. Moorhouse, J. H., his Hist. of Kivkheaton quoted, 80. Moorman, F. W., r. More, Sir Thomas, 437., 77. Morley, Henry, Lord, 71; Lord, 72. Mort, Thomas, 73. Morton, Eliz. 32. Morton, Richard, 112. Morville, arms of, 39, 46. Moulton, arms of, 39, 46. Mountjoy, Rev. Wm., 93. Muncebot, see Montbegon.

John, 12;

N.

Nalson, Mr., 88, 143. Napoleon, 7. Nelson, Rev. Edw., 93; Horatio, Lord, 95: Nettleton, Alice, 141; Robert, 76, 141. Nevill, Neville, Nevile, de Alexander, 72,74; Sir Alex, 13, 164; Amabel, 12; Anne, 149; Galfred, 68, 73, 74; Geoffrey, 75; Joan, 13, 164; John, 68, 73, 75, 148; Sir John, 68; Katherine, 128; Mabel, 68; Mar- garet, 13, 68; Sarra,68; Ralph, 12; Sir Robert, 73, 76, 128; Robert, 68,

69; William, 12, 68, 72, 73; Sir Wm., 76; alia, 69; arms of, 39, 46; family of, 15, 21, 121. Newcastle, Duke of, 137. Newell, Mark, 111. Newhill, John, 29; Thomas, 36. Nonconformists, 81. Norfolk, Dickens, 140; Elizabeth, 140; Richard, 140; Susannah, 140. Norris, Mr., 145. North, Dorcas, 153; Edward, 157; Isabel, 157; Joan, 157; John, 106, 157; Mary, 157; Matthew, 157; Richard, 119; Sarah, 157; Thomas, 105,157; Wm., 157. Northumberland, Dukes of, 43; Earls of,

43, 148. Norton, Wm., 134.

3

Oates, Ann, 22; Capt. Thomas, or. Otes, Ralph, 71, 83, 91; Rev. Ralph, M.A., 92. Oldfield, Eliz., 127; Mrs., 11; Thomas,

127. Oldroyde, Mary, 109; Wid. Susanna, T09Q. Orm, 21. Osbalderstone, Rev. Richard, 86; Sir Richard, 86. Oswy, 109.

Outram, Sir Francis B., Bt., 96; Hai- dée, 96; Lt. Gen. Sir James, Bt., 96; Rev. Wm., M.A., 96. Oxenden, Annie C., 49, 95; Sir Henry, Bt., 49, 95; arms of, 45. Oxley, Thomas, 36.

P.

Parker, Bridget, 88; Wm., 88. Parkin, Henry, 107. Parking, George, 109. Parkyn’s children, John, 105.

Page 317

184 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Parliament, The, 73. Parson, Mr., 100. Paulinus, 19, 20. Paver, Wm., 86, 140, 156. Pease, F. R., 74. Peebles, John, 87; Mary, 87. Peel, Charlotte Maria, 89; Georgiana, 49, 89; John, 49, 89; Robt. John, 89; Sir Robt., Bt., 89; arms of, 45. Pelham-Clinton, Lady Beatrice, 137. Penda, 109. Pepys, Lady Caroline, 137; John, 137; Samuel, the diarist, 137. Percy, Agnes, 43; 4th Baron, 43; Ed- ward, 148; Eliz., 148; Mary, 120; Thomas, 148; Wm., 43; arms of, 42, 43, 76. Perkins, Mr., 79. Peter, 5; Thomas, son of, 5. Peter the Great, of Russia, 140. Pickles, Joseph, 143”.; Katherine, 143.; Langley, 143. Pighels, Thomas, 26. Pilgrim Fathers, 81. Pilkington, Pylkington, Arthur, 128; Sir Arthur, Bt., 148; Harrison, 169; Joanna, 128; John, 148; Sir Lionel, 71, 73,144; Mary, 85; Richard, 85, 107, 108, 148; Rosamund, 106, 148; Thomas, 70, 71, 73, 78, 79; Mr., 10; family of, 147. Plantagenet, Thomas, 14. Pole, Cardinal, 77. Pontefracts, de, John, 15. Ponty, Wm., 150, 167. Pontey, family of, 167. Pool, Joseph, 129, 157, 161; Mary, 157; Thomas, 129; family of, 134. Pool(e), Anne, 157, 161; Edmund, 157, 161; Robert, 157, Poole, Joshua, 35. Pope, Alex., his Moral Essays, quoted, 11; his Imit. of Horace, quoted, 84. Pope, Gregory, 37. Pope, the, 16, 77.

Popplewell, Jane, 142. Portington, Ellen, 127; Jane, 127; Henry, 127, 129; Roger, 127, 128, 129. Powell, Bros., 41, 42. Powmale, arms of, 39, 46. Power, Henry, 79; Judith, 79. Priestley, John, 35. Prince, Rev. J. F., M.A., 96. Procter, Eliz., 147. Palleyn, Pullein, Pullayn, Pullen, John, 69, 73, 77; Miss C., her Hist. of the Palleyns of Yorks., 77; Wm., 91, 104; Sir Wm., 104. Puritans, 81.

Q.

Quakers, 84. Queen, Anne, I4”., 27, 72, 132, 160; Bess, 138; Catherine of Arragon, 25n.; Elizabeth, 5, 66, 70, 71, 73, 78,122; Mary I, 9, 70,77; Matilda, 5; Victoria, 4, 95.

R.

Radcliffe, Abm., 86; Colonel, 137; Sir Joseph, Bt., 86; Rachel, 86; Col. Wm., 137. Raine, Canon James, 74. Ramsden, Ann, 128, 129, 150, 161; Betty, 55; Eliz., 55, 128; Jane, 127; John, 5, 17”., 62, 107, 127, 132, 150; Sir John F., Bt., Sir John Wm., Bt., 153, 156, 157, 158; Joseph, 36, 55, 56; Judith, 123; Mary, 56, 128, 161; Thomas, 123, 128, 129; Wm., 17, 177., 55, I2I, 127, 135, 136, 150; family of, 134. Rayner, John, 73, 77; Wm., 163. Redmayne, Readman, Edward, 70; Isabel, 70; Richard, 70, 73. Readman, see Redmayne.

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INDEX NOMINORUM. 185

Reed, Kayll &, 42. Rhodes, Miss, 144, 145; Wilfred, 136. Richards, Wm., 71, 73, 79. Richardson, Richerdson, Rev. Chris- topher, M.A., 49, 54, 70, 71, 73, 80, 81, 82, 98, 122, 129, 132, 135, 150, 153, 160; Chr., jun., 130, 132; Chr., M.A., 153, 160; Dr., 3; Dorothy, 83, 131, 150, 160; Edw., 106; Francis, 49; John, 35, 49, 83; Martha, 153; Mr., 82, 130; Richard, 108; Robt., 80; Thomas, 80, 131, 132, 133. Richton, Ennr., 120. Roberts, George, 57. Robinson, Rev. C. R., B.A., 96; Wm., 70. Rochester, Earl of, 97. Rockingham, Marquis of, 89, Rockley, Robt., 156. Roebuck, Giles, 163. Rogers, Rev. Thomas, 94. Roper, Agnes, 437.; Kitty, 144. Roper, Francis, 144; Neddy, 145; Polly, 143. Rowley, de, see de Lepton. Rudiard, John, 60. Rudyer, Tho., 70. Rugelai, de, Adam, 125. Rupert, Prince, 82. Rutland, Duke of, 147.

S.

Salisbury, Earl of, 14. Salt, Mary Frances, 53; Thomas F., 53. Sandalia, Richard, son of Peter, clerk of, 125. Sandford, Rev. Samuel, M.A., 92. Savage, Alexander, 69; Sir John, 73; Sir John, jun., 70. Savell, arms of, 43. Savile, Dorothy, 137, 155; Elizabeth, 44, 162; John de, 44, 149; Sir John, 79; Henry, 44, 149, 154,

162; Sir Henry, Bt., 139, 155; Margaret, 149; Nicholas, 44, 149, 162; Robert, 137; Thomas, 162; sir Wm., 121; Arms of, 43; family of, 44. Schofield, James H., 96; Rev. J. R., 96; Sarah A., IOI. Scholes, Eliz. H., 42; Mrs. Eliz. H., 38; John Wm., 42. Scorer, Edward, 106. Scott, Sir Richard, 142. Scott, Alice, 69; John, 69, 75; Sir Wal- ter, his St. Ronan’s Weil, quoted, r150n., 167; Sir Wm., 69, 75. Senior, George, 54, 146, 165; Joseph, 165; Mary, 54; Susannah, 140; Valentine, 36, 109; arms of, 46. Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, quoted, 22; quoted, 64. Shaw, Christopher, 156; Dorothy, 156; Dr., his Hist. of the English Church, 70; Edmund, 156, 158; Eliz., 156; George, 129, 161; John, 156; Luke, 156; Mary, 129, 156, x61; Sir Ralph, 70, 73; Susanna, 156. Sheard, Joseph, 35, 36; Levi, 36; Michael, 110; Timothy, 63. Shepparde, Robt., 105, 110. Shields, John, 72. Shillito, Susan, 94. Shippen, Ann, 84; Edw., 84; John, 84; Robt., F.R.S., 84; Wm., 71, 73, 83, 84; Wm., M.P., 84; Rev. Wm., 71, 73, 83, 84. Shirt, Annabella, 88; Nathaniel, 88. Simon the cobbler, 99. Slater, Mr., 145. Smart, Thomas, 167. Smith, Elizabeth, 85; Roger, 163. Smithson, Henry, 72, 89; Rev. John, M.A., 29, 35, 67, 72, 74, 89, 93, 94; Marguerita, 89; Ruth, 80. Snape, John, 6. Snowden, Rev. Edmund, 96; Percy L., 96.

Rev.

2B

Page 319

186 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Sodor and Man, Bishop of, John Straton, 72; 74- Somerset, Duke of, Ed. Seymour, 257. Souyer, John, 100. Sparks, Martha, 49. Spink, Sarah, 87. Spivie, Henry, 26. Spiver, Benjamin, 36. Spivey, Rev. Robt., 92; Wm., 36. Squire, Rev. Robt., 92. Stafford, Mary, 165; Thomas, 165. Stages, del, Anabella, 16; John, 14; Philip, 14; Richard, 14, 16; Robt., I4, 16; Roger, 14, 16. Stainbank, Mears &, 38. Stamford and Warrington, Earl of, 137. Stanfeld, Ann, 155; Eliz., 155; Mary, 155; Thomas, 155. Stanhope, Mr., 145. Stanley, Ann, 70; Sir Edward, Lord Monteagle, 70; Elizabeth, 70; John, 69”., 70; Lord, 70; Thomas, 69; Lord Thomas, 69. Stansfield, Barbara, 126”.; John, 1267.; Mary, 126”.; Thomas, 126”. Sterne, Laurence, quoted, 130. Stirnhold & Hopkins, 37, 38, 98. Storthes, John, 154; Jane, 154. Strafford, Earl of, 142. Straton, John, D.D., Ld. Bp. of Sodor and Man, 72, 74. Strickland, Benjamin, 29. Stringer, Ann, 42; Edmund, 36; Eliz. H., 42; George, 142; Henry, 42; Isaac, 36; Katherine, 122; Mrs., 38; Nathaniel, 63; Thomas, 122; arms of, 46. Storthies, Robt., the elder, 44. Stubbs, Bp. Wm., 65. Swift, James, 134. Stock, Rev. Alexander, 62, 73, 79, 100, IoI, 107; Joseph, M.A., 62, 71, 79, 107; Judith, 79; Sarah, 79. Stocke, Grace, 79; Thomas, 79. Stockport, Caleb, 91.

Stocks, de, Robt., 13; Thomas, 13. Suincheue, de, Roger, 5. Sunderland, Rev. Charles, M.A., 94; Ed., 94; Rev. Ed., 94; Eliza., 94, 162; John, 94; Rev. John, 6, 67, 88, 93, 94, 143%., 145, 146, 153, 162; Hannah, 94; Susan, 94; Sutcliffe, 94. Sunderland-Taylor, Charles, 94. Suuen, 2, 12. Syddall, Mary, 85; Michael, 85. Sykes, Sikes, Bernard, 80; Charles, 80; Elizabeth, 80; George R., 41; Godfrey, 150; John, 35, 80, 109; Jonathan, 36; Mr., parson of Hea- ton, 136; Peace, 156; Rebecca, 80; Rev. Richard, 70, 71, 73, 79, 80, 98, 107, 108, 122; Samuel, 80; Sike, 64n.; Solomon, 36. Sympson, Richard, 106.

T.

Tagum, Rafe, 16. Tagun, Amabel, 12; Jordan, 12; Mar- gery, 12; Ralph, 12. Tate & Brady, 38, 97. Tate, Diana, 88; Thomas, 58. Taite, Eliz., 123; Thomas, 123. Tatlock, Rev. Wm., 95. Taylor, Rev. John, 92; Wm., 94. Telefowe, Jordan of, 13; Ralph of, 13. Templars, Knights, 13, 16, 17, 66. Tennant, Rev. Christopher, 96. Terry, Rev. Geo. S., 95. Testard, Richard, 14; Wm., 14. Thackeray, Wm., quoted, 131. Thewlis, Thewlesse, Thewels, Ann, 107; Edward, 104; George, 105; Joan, 106; John, 106, 135; Richard, 26, 107; Roger, 105; Wm., 110. Thomas, Joseph, 56. Thompson, Ann, 87; Jonas, Ld. Mayor of York, 87; Mr., 143; Richard, 87; arms of, 45. :

Page 320

INDEX NOMINORUM. 187

Thoresby, Ralph, his Ducatus Leodiensis,

quoted, 141. Thornhill, de, John, 69, 73; Sir John, 75:

Thornton, David, 113, 114. Thorpe, Judith, 164; Richard, 164; Samuel, 164. Thridwulf, Abbot, ro. Thurgarland, Ann, 139; Beatric, 40; Geo., 26, 139; John, 139; Richard, 40, 139; family of, 139. Thurnber, Rev. Wm., 93. Tikehill, of, Richard, 125; Wm., 125. Tilson, Ann, 140; Henry, 140; Bishop Henry, 140. Todde, James, 69, 77; Sir James, 104. Topham, Rev. Matthew, 92. Townley, Bernard, 149; John, 26, 31, I49. Trowey, Hue, 119. Tulloh,; John, 87; Mary, 87. Tunnacliffe, David, 145, 150; Wm., 29. Turner, John, 32,142; John Wm., 157; Mary Ann, 101; Richard, 55; Wm., 157; Sir Wm., 87. Turribus, de, John, 74; Nicholas, 73, 74. Turton, arms of, 118. Tolson, Toulson, Ann, 161; Charlotte Mary, 54; Dorothy, 56, 131, 150, r60, 161; Eliza, 50, 162; Mrs. Eliza., 30; Ephraim, 157, 160, 161; George, 131, 160; Henry, 149; J., 3n.; James, 8n., 50, 54, 56, 150, 161, 165; Jessy, 54; Lt. James Martin, 54, 164; John, 36, 54, 83, 150, 159, 160, 161; Joseph, 150; Joseph Senior, 150; Joshua, 36, 94, 150, 161, 162; Legh, F.S.A., 33, 40, 54, 102, II7, 157, 158, 164, 168; Margaret, 149; Martha, 50, 161; Mary, 50; Miss Muriel, 30, 33; Richard, 36; Robert, 161; Lt. Robert Huntriss, 54, 164; Robert Henry, 54, 150, 165; Whiteley, 54; arms of, 45.

Tyas, family of, 136. Tyeis, le, Baldwin, 16; Sir Franco, 16. Tyes, Baldwin, 14; Francis, 14; Sir Francis, 14.

V.

Vanneck, Sir Joshua, Bt., 92; Marie, 92. Vavasor, Ellen, 140; Walter, 140. Vinogradoff, 2. Venn, Rev. Henry, 158. Vesse, John, I19. Vyse, Ann, 51.

W.

Wade, Anthony, 79; Judith, 79. Waddington, Sarah, 33. Wainwright, Wm., 128, Wakefield, Lord Bishop of, W. Walsham How, D.D., 57. Walker, Amelia, 50, 134; Esther, 49; Frances, 87; J. W., F.S.A., his Hist. of Woolley, quoted, 86; Dr. John, his Sufferings of the Clergy, quoted, 70; John, 54,56; Joe, 145; Jane, 50; Jane B., 50; Joseph, 31, 49, 50, 54, 55, 114, 128, 129, 133, 134, 135; Joseph Kitson, 54, 55; Eliz., 153; Joseph, senr., 153; Maria, 156; Mary, 153; Rachel, 49; Richard, 28, 64; Samuel, 35, 49, 87; Sammy, 144, 145; Samuel F., 50; Samuel Wm., 50; Sarah, 134; Sir Wm., Kt., High Sheriff, 134; Wm., 153; Mr., 85, 143; Mrs., 88, 135, 143, 145; Miss, 144, 145; arms of, 45; family of, 93. Waller, Benjamin, 49, 164; Michael, 165; Richard, 112; Wm., 165. Warner, Sir Edward, Kt., 66. Warren, Earls, 1. Warrington, Earl of Stamford and, 137. Warwick, Earl of, 148. Wastley, arms of, 39, 46.

Page 321

188 INDEX NOMINORUM.

Walton, Joseph, 26, 100. Waterhouse, George, 9; John, 9; Robert, 9. Waterton, Alice, 70; Charles, 70; Con- stance, 69; Eliz., 148; George, 148; Francis, 148; John, 73; Sir John, 69; Richard, 69; Sir Robert, 69, 73; Rosamond, 148; Thomas, 70, 71, 73, 78; Sir Thomas, 69, 148.

Gregory, 9;

Watkinson, Agnes Esther, 54; James, 150; Kate, 96; T. B., 96; Thomas, B., 54. Watts, Alice, 141; Ann, 51, 142; Ben- jamin, 142; Francis, 5, 32, 32., 51, 142; John, Mayor, of Leeds, 142; Rev. Richard, 142; Robert, 142; Susanna, 142; Rev. Wm., D.D., 142; family of, 146. Watson, his Hist. of Halifax, quoted, r26n. Watson, Rev. John, M.A., F.S.A., 92; Susanna, 92. Webb-Peploe, Rev. H. W., 72, 74. Weigall, Arthur, quoted, 37. Wentworth, Beatrice, 136; Eliz., 127; George, 70; Matthew, 70, 71, 136; Sir Matthew, 72; Michael, 9, 127; Thomas, 86; Sir Thomas, Bt., 71, 72, 73, 123, see Blackett; Sir Wm., 72, 73, 86. Wesley, Charles, 38; John, 38. Westhorpe, Elizabeth, 86. Westmoreland, Thomas, 6th Earl of, 122. Wharom, John, 104. Wheatley (Whetlay), Thomas, 162. Whidborne, Rev. George, 72, 74. Whitaker: Hist. of Whalley, quoted, 140; Craven, quoted, 148. Whitaker, Dr., & Elmete, quoted, 3, 3., 14, 44, 61, 72, 90, 126n., 140. Whiteley, Eliza., 54; Joseph, J.P., 54; Henry, 57. Whithand, Wm., 12.

Richard, 162;

Whitley, Daniel, an Ethopian, 99, 125; Esther, 157; Grace, 157; Isabel, 157; Joshua, 157. Whittier, John G., quoted, 82. Whythaker, John, 737. Wickersley, family of, 75. Wiggins, Catherine, 123; Timothy, 123; arms of, 47, 59. Wigram, Rev. Fredk., 72. Wilde, Widow, 109. Wilkinson, Benj., 29; Ellen, 137, 154; John, 137, 149, 154. Wilks, Eliza., 50; Wm. Geo., 50. Willelmi, Tho. fil., 74. Williamson, Kate, 96; Rev. W. H., 96. Wilmot, Margaret, 87; Mary, 140; Nicholas, 48, 87; Robert, 48, 140; Sarah, 48; Thomas, 140. Wilson, Ann, 150, 153; Charles, 36; Dr., 144, 145; Hannah, 33; John, 36, 95, 128, 150; Marmaduke, 128, 150; Robert, 36; Thomas, 163; Sir Thomas, 66, 91, 104; Wm., 33, 100; arms of, 46. Wimborne, Lord, 74. Wirkeley, de, Robt., 73, 75, 75”. Witteley, de, Amabel, 12. Wolsey, Cardinal Thomas, 77. Wombwell, Margery, 151. Womersley, John, 113, 114. Womersby, John, 113. Wod(e), Wodd(e), Edward, 103; Mabel, 157; John, 36, 104, II0, 119, 129; John the elder, 105; Martha, 36; Richd., 106; Robt., 26, 73, 78, 157; Thomas, 35, 66, 91, 104, 106; Wm., 4, 60, 73, 77. Woodcock, Rev. Thomas, 92. Woodhead, Matthew, 140; Sarah, 140. Woodhouse, Ann, 5I, 55. Woods, John, 105; Rev. Robert, 106. Wowen, Eliz., 155; Thomas, 155. Wray, Eliz., 128; Jane, 127; Leonard, 107, 127; Thomas, 107, 128, 129. Wright, Susanna, 156.

Page 322

INDEX NOMINORUM. 189

Wrightson, Thomas, 71, 83. Wyttethorpe, Guy, 70. Wytclai, de, Alan, 125. Wythand, Wm., 3. Wytteley, de, Adam, 3; Alan, 3.

Y.

York, Archbishop of, 42, 71, 78, 79, 108, 117; Abp. Gray, 20, 74; Heath, 69; Holgate, 69; Melton, 75”.; Thur- ston, 20; Young, 38, 78; Dean of, R. Osbalderston, 86; Duke of, Fred- erick, 96; Lord Mayor of, Sir John Lister-Kaye, 137. Yorkshire, Sheriff of, Hugh Bardolf, 14; R. H. Beaumont, 123; Capt. Richd.

Beaumont, 122; Sir John Gibson, 78; Sir John Lister-Kaye, 137. Young, Tho., Abp. of York, 38, 78.

Z. Zacchaeus, 96. NO SURNAME.

Anna Maria, 142. Betty, 143, 146. E. H., 144, 146. Elizabeth, ro. Mistress Dolly, 132. Sarah, 142. Uncle “ Richard,” 93.

INDEX LOCORUM.

Acklam, 86. Adel, 94, 95. Adelaide, Australia, 96. Adlington, 84. Agbrigg, Wapentake of, 1, 13, 16, 69, 91, 106, I17, 139, 155, 164. Agecroft Hall, Lancs., 152. Agincourt, 61, 69. Aldford, 83. Almondbury, Aumbere, 4, 6, 7, 20, 44, 67, 77, 86, 93, 106, 107, II7, 120, 126, 129, 136, I51, 153, 154, 156, 157, 158, 161; Bank, 158; Fin- thorpe, 158; King’s Mill, 158; Quarry Hill, 56, 156, 157; Thorpe, 157; Well head, 157. Altofts, 127, 149. Ambleside, Westm., 139.

America, 85, 145. America, South, Bella Vista, 52; Buenos Ayres, 52, 53; Lima, 52. America, United States, Boston, 84; Kentucky, 63; Neoshi River, Kansas, 63; Philadelphia, 84. American Plantations, 82. Amersham, Bucks., 84. Annaduff, 87. Anne, Palace, co. Cork, 147. Arabia, Muscat, 55. Armley, Armelai, 95, 164; Hall, 45. Armiston, co. Derby., 48. Arthington Nunnery, 80. Ascot, 124. Askham, Westm., 96. Aspley House, 158, 159. Aston, 89. Atlantic, 82. Aumbere, see Almondbury.

Page 323

190 INDEX LOCORUM.

Austerlands, 159. Australia, 159, 167; Adelaide, 96; Wal- kerville, 96.

B.

Babworth, Notts., Morton Grange, 156. Badsworth, 86, 142. Bank Ende, 106, 157, 161; Lower, 157, 158; Upper, 157. Barkemsted, Herts., 154. Barkisland, 128. Barkisland Hall, 59. Barkisland, Howroyde in, 122. Barnby, 75. Barnby-on-Don, 127, 129. Barnsley, 106, 144. Barwick-in-Elmet, 19. Batersay, 76. Batley, 12, 43, 44, 88. Battyford, 6. Beeston, 80. Belgium, Brussels, 11; Waterloo, 63. Bella Landa, see Byland. Bella Vista, Buenos Ayres, 52. Bilham Grange, 48, 87. Bilsthorpe, Notts., 92. Birkin, 14, Birmingham, 40, 41, 95. Birstall, 143. Blackmoor Foot, 145. Blythe, 95. Bog Hall, 49, 164, 165. Bolton, 44, 148. Bosworth, 42, 70. Bottoms, 167. Boughbrook, 106. Boulogne, France, 7. Bourton, Dorset, 96. Boyfall Hall, 164. Boyfe Hall, 164. Bradford, 19, 145. Bradley, 4, 5,71, 78, 128, 142,144, 1457., 147, 148, 158; Hall, 165; Mills, 51, 52, 53, 54,56, 158, 159; Nether, 148.

Breretwesill, 17. Brerethwistle, 136. Bretton, 35, 86, 136, 137; Hall, 123. Bretton, West, 44, 75. Bridlington Quay, 89. Brierley, Felkirk, 42, 69, 76. Briestfield, 11; manor of, 4. Bristol, Portland burial ground, 52. Bromley, Kent, 49, 83. Broomhead, 123. Broom Park, Kent, 49, 95. Brotherton, 92. Brydekirk, 149. Buenos Ayres, 52, 53, 159. Burnby, 87. Burton, High, 4; Kirk, see Kirkburton. Burton-on-Trent, 53. Bury, Lancs., 32. Butter Nab, 4. Byland, 14,15, 16,17; Abbey, 14., 103, 136; monastery of, 14. Byland (Bella Landa), 17. Byrom, 153. Byrton, see Kirkburton. Byspam, Lanes., 154.

C.

Calais, France, 92, 117. Calder bridge, 5. Calder, river, 4, 5, 20, 139, 155; valley of, 4, 147, 161, 168. Canterbury, 37, 80, 84; Hosp. of St. Thomas, 103. Cambridge, 89, 137; Catherine Hall, 92; King’s Coll., 85; Jesus Coll., 86, 87; Pembroke Coll., 89; Queen’s Coll., g2; St. John’s, 93, 96; Trinity Coll., 49, 80, 84, 129, 130, 141, 142, 146, 147; Univ. of, 96, 140. Catton, 43; Nether, 43; Over, 43. Carlisle, 86. Carroyde, 145. Cawthorne, 75. Castle Hill, 4.

Page 324

INDEX LOCORUM. I9X

Chadderton, 142. Chalons, France, 8. Channel (English), 7. Chekingley, 44. Cheshire, 4; Sandbach, 92. Chesterton, Cambs., 141. Chevet, 121, 139. Cheviots, the, 4. Chipdon, Norfolk, 99. Chorley, 145. Clayton, 17. Clifton, 148; Clifton College, 135. Cockley Hill, 145. Colchester, 35. Coley, 82, 130. Colne, 131, 139. Colne (Coune), river, 4, 5, 6, 139, 158. Colnebridge (Kalnebothmes), 37., 5, 6, 94, 139, 143, 144, 145, 158, 159; Factory, 64; Forge, 5, 26, 27, 51, 108, 139, 139”., 140, I4I, 142, 143, 144, 146; House, 1457. Colnesmithie, 5, 139%. Colne, valley of, 4, 126, 147, 161, 168. Continent, the, 42. Cooper Bridge, 146, 147. Copgrove, 147. Cottenham, Cambs., 137. Cowheys, 101, 128, 150, 160. Cowlersley, 133, 153. Cowmes, 4. Cowme Bridge, 104; Mills, 147. Cownes Common, 127, 160. Crecy, 61. Crewkerne, 40. Crigglestone, Daw Green, 107, 121. Croft, the, 145. Crofton, 149. Cromer, Norfolk, 99. Crossland, 117, 118, 119; Fosse, 117; Hall, 117; Manor House, 117. Croston, Lancs., 148, 154. Crowstone, 123. Cumberland, Muncaster Castle, 17; Pooley Bridge, 102.

Cumberworth, 125. Cusworth, 127.

D.

Dalton(e), 1, 2, 3, 4, 12, 13, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 41, 44, 50, 56, 57, 91, 94, 102, I05, 107, 108, 109, III, 119g, 126, 127, 130, 138, 143, 148, 149, 150, I5I, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164. Dalton, Backlane, 153; Bank-end, 159; Bridgewyde, Gt. and Little, 160; Common, 131; Fleming House, 128, I3I, 159, 160; Green, 6, 7, 50, 150, 156, 159, 160; Greenhead, 102, 165; Green Lea, 96; Greenside, 128, 150; Grove House, 165; Grove Place, 165; Grove, the, 158; Hall, 149, 153, 154, 155, 162; Farm, 150, 159, 160; Lees, 5; Little Carr Green, 6; Lockwood’s Wood, 149; Lodge, 54, 146, 165; Mill-hill, 8, 159; Mold Green, 6, 7; the Myers, 150, 159, 160, 161, 162; Nether Hall, 153; Oaklands, 30 54, 165; Penny Dyke, 7; Pinfold, 7; Pog Well Farm, 160; Ravensknowle, 165; Rawthorpe Hall, 25, 26, 54,

108, 131; Rawthorpe Lane, 153; Round Wood, 3; Water, 6; Wood- side, 159. Darfield, 76.

Darton, Broadroyde Head, 128; the Oaks, 123, 140. Dawgreen, 85, 148. Daw Knowle, 93, 143”.; Farm, 142. Dean Head, 131. Deira, 19. Denby (Denebi), 1, 2, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 85, 88, 136, 148. Denby, Grange, 15, 17, 44, III, 136, 137, 153; Lower, 110; Nether, 22; Upper, 110. Denmark, 19.

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192 INDEX LOCORUM.

Derbyshire, 4, 48, 49; Armiston, 48; Derby, Pastures House, 49, 89; Duffield, 89; Hathersage, 142; Osmaston, 87. Devon, Torquay, 50. Dewsbury, I, 3, 13, 19, 20, 21, 38, 45, 74, 87, I3I, 160, 161. Dighton, 44. Dives House, 131, 150”., 155, 156, 159, 160. Dodleston, Chester, 89. Donaghadee, Ireland, 157. Doncaster, 19, 103. Dorado, Fl, 133. Dort, Holland, 80. Douay, France, 151. Driffield, 78, 95. Dublin, Trinity Coll., go. Dudmanston, 93, 157. Duncombe Park, 147. Durham, 78, 123, 142, I5I, 1553 Galilee Chapel, 151, 1510.

E.

Earlsheaton, I. East Anglia, 8. Eastbourne, 102. Easthorpe, 143”., 144, 146. Eastville, Lincs., 94. Ecclesfield, Barns Hall, 141, 142. Eden Vale to Plains of York, Boggs,

quoted, 137. Edinburgh, 131. Egerton, 44. Egypt, 56.

Elland, 44,79; New Hall, 44, 149. Ely, Peterston Super, 152. Elmet, abbey in, 19; forest of, I9.

Elmete, 44. Em(e)ley, 17, 105, 136, 142. Escrick, 87. Essex, 143”.; Ottes in, 9. Eston, 76.

Eton College, 135.

Easton, 76. Everingham, 13. Exeter, 22.

F.

Farnley, 71, 107; Tyas, 4, 126; Wood, ol. Fartown, 163. Featherstone, 87. Falkirk, 68, 69. Felkirk, Brierley in, 42, 69. Fenay Hall, 157. Fenton, 105. Fishlake, 127. Fixby, 131. Flanders, 122, 128, 130, 131. Fleming House, 110, 127, 128, 131, 148, I49, 150, 159, 160. Flintham, 85. Flocton, 4, 13, 17, 80, 119”., 136. Flodden Fyeld, 43. Fountains, 3, 5, 16, 74. Fountains Abbey, 16, 66. France, 8, 14, 19, 93, 99, I19, 125; Agin- court, 61, 69; Boulogne, 7; Calais, 92,117; Chalons, Crecy, 61; Douay, 151; Hebuterne, Serre Road Cemetery, 54; Madeleine Cemetery, Paris, 99; Nantes, 92; Nerac, 92; Puchevillers, British Cemetery, 54; Quiévy, 54; Solesmes, 54; Somme, 54; Tours, 74; Versailles, 99; Fryston, 105. Fulford, 7oz. Full Sutton, 76.

G.

Gawkethorpe, 44, 45. Gawthorpe, II9, 127. Germany, 84. Gibraltar, 87, 93. Gilde(r)some, 44. Glass Houghton, 94.

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INDEX LOCORUM. 193

Gleydeholt, 44. Golcar, 79, 95; Crown and Anchor, ror. Goldington, Beds., 141. Grange, II, 31, 93, I24, 137, 149, 150, 154, 156; Hall, 138. Grange Moor, 11; chapel-of-ease, 18, 31. Great Billing, Northants., 84. Greenhead, Dalton, 165; Huddersfield, 154, 161, 162, 163. Greenwich, 146. Greetland, 79. Gretna Green, 88. Grimston, North, 152. Grimthorpe, I5I, 155. Grizzlehurst, Lancs., 123. Grove Chapel, 165; House, 165; Place, 165; the, 158, 159. Guinea, coast of, 99, 125.

H.

Haigh, 145. Halifax, 7, 9, 44, 50, 79, 82, 87, 92, 93, II7, 123, 126, 130, 150,158; Kirkby Leas, 54; Mulcture Hall, 165; Pye Nest, 158; Trinity churchyard, 53; Westfield, 54. Hampsthwaite, 80. Hanging Heaton, I. Harewood, 56, 94, 145. Harrogate, 131; Wells, 131. Harrow School, 135. Harthill, 72, 89, 114. Hartshead, 4, 93, 142, 146, 1497. Hastings, 2. Hatfield, Yks., rg. Hathersage, 142. Haultrey, 437. Hawksworth, 145. Headingley, 89. Heath Hall, 154, 155. Heaton (Heyton), I, 3, 4, 12, 16, 33, 35, 44, QI, III, 119, 126, 146, 152, 165; Bog Green, 6; Bog Green Lane, 147; Hanging,1; Hall,164; Helen Common, 6; Lodge, 147; Moor, 6;

Northumberland, 1; Over, 322.; the “ Round About,” 4, He(a)ton, East, 3. Hemsworth, 128, 129. Heton, 4, 5,6; Moor, 161; West, 3. Hettonrodes, 3. Hebuterne, France, 54. Heptarchy, 19. Hepton(e), I. Heptonstall, 93, 152. Hepworth, 96. Hereford, Hope-under-Dinmore, 96. Herts., Wood Hall, Shenley, 54. Hexham, 1; Abbey, 123. Hodgson Field, 165. Holland, Dort, 80. Holme, 87. Holmfirth, 92, 119. Holryde Wood (Hooleroode), 17. Holynge, 162. Hunford, 70. Honley, Highroyde, 134. Hooleroode, see Holryde. Hope-under-Dinmore, Hereford, 96. Hopton, 4, 32”., 44, 55, 139, 146, 155, 157; Hall, 164; New Hall, 118. Horbury, Horberie, 104, 149; Horburie, I05. Hornby, 42, 68, 69, 75, 76, 89. Horsforth, 144, 145. Houghton, Great, 75. Howley, 12, 43, 44. High Hoyland, 142. Hipperholme, 157. Huddersfield, 4, 8, 11, 12, 20, 41, 50, 60, 72, 78, 79, 85, 86, 92, 94, 95, 96, 107, IIQ, I20, 122, 124, 128, 131, 133, 134, 137, 138, 146, 149, 153, 154, 156, 157, 158, 159, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167; Birkby Grange, 163; Cloth Hall, 8; Cowlesley, 128; Greenhead, 137, 154, 161, 162, 163; Grimscar, 38; Longley Hall, 172.; New North House, 33; Shore Foot Mills, 158. Hull, Holy Trinity, 90; St. Philips, go.

2C

Page 327

194 INDEX LOCORUM.

Hullingedge, 44. Hullinedge, 162. Humber, 37. Hunmanby, 86. Hunslet, 80. Hurstwood, co. Lancs., 26, 31. Hutherfield, 106.

I,

Usley, East Berks., 123. India, 93; Calcutta, go; Lucknow, 96; Madras, 90; Orissa, 90; Travancore, go. Ingbirchworth, 85. Inns of Court, Lincolns Inn, 14. Ipswich, Holy Trinity, 96. Ireland, 37, 147, 157. Isle of Man, 96. Italy, 19.

J.

Jamaica, Kingston, 99, 125, 122. Jerusalem, 41, 151”., 162, 163, 164.

K.

Kalnebothmes, 3. Kansas, Neosho river, U.S.A., 63. Kennington Oval, 135. Kent, 15; Bromley, 49, 83; Park, 49. Kentucky, U.S.A., 63. Kexbrugh, 57, 120. Kilner Bank, 158. Kilham, 87. Kingston, Jamaica, 99, 125. Kipping, 145. Kirkburton, 4, 20, 22 (Burton), 72, 80, 85, 93, 96, I2I, 126, 131, 154, 155, 157, 167. Kirkburton Railway, 167. Kirkdeighton, 87. Kirkheaton, Ballgreave,

Broom

146; Beau-

monts Arms, 62; Beaumont chapel, 23, 29, 30, 33, 35, 42, 122, 166; Bottoms, 167; Bowling Green, 88; Boyfe Hall, 62, 166; Boys Hall, 107; Chantry, 23, 24; Church, 5, 12, 18, 56; Church Ingbeck, 5, 18; Church- stile Inn Common Stable 66; Dawknowle, 67; Deadman’s Gate, 64; Free School, 40; Grammar School, 21, 28, 66-67, 92; Green- head, 54; Heaton Lodge, 123; Hill- side, 57; Horbury Lane, 103; Kirkstile Inn, 21, 31, 62, 64, 65, 94, II3, 115, 166; Laneside, 55; Low- field, 146; Manor of St. John of Jerusalem, 151, 162,164; Oaklands, 53, 54; Old Corn Mill, 5; Priory of St. John, 16; Rectory, 67, 68, 72; Rectory School, 94; Stocks, 64; St. John’s Infant School, 102; St. Mary’s, 23; The Dean, 165; The Knowle, 165; The Grove, 51; Wedding Gate, 64; Whitley Beaumont Estate, 101; Wode- house, 103. Kirkheaton Field Names, etc: Bald Greave Field, 109; Barley Storres, 108, 10g; Church Yard, 108; Clerk’s Croft, 109; Cutts, the, 109; Durrund’s Close, 109; Far Nabbs, 109; Field Gate, 153; Fletcher Croft, 108, 109; Fold stead, 108; Forkroyde, 109; Kirk Field, 109; Kirk Ing, 108; Kitchen garth, 108; Kitchen Ing, 108, r09, 68; Laith garth, 108; Lower Field, 109; Moor Butts Nab, 109; Moor Top Close, 109; Nab, the, 108; New Close, 109; New Field, 109; New Field, 109; Outer Barrs, 109; Ox Close, 109; Parsonage house, 108; Round Ing, 108, 109; South Royde, 108, 109; Spittle Royde, 108, 109; Upper Field, 109; Upper Shuttes, 109; West Field, 109; West Ing, 109.

Page 328

INDEX LOCORUM. 195

Kirk Ing beck, 18. Kirkleatham, 47, 48; Grammar School, 87, 93. Kirklees, 5, 16, 17, 128, 136, 143, 144, 145, 146, 167; Priory, 12, 147. Kirkoswald, Cumb., 158. Kirksmeaton, 92. Kirkstall, 141, 142, 143, 144,145; Forge, 142, 143. Knaresborough, 103, 137; Bayard’s Lodge, 147; Forest, 155; Spaws, at Harrogate, 137.

L.

Lampeter, St. David’s Coll., 95. Lancashire, Bury, 32; Grizzlehurst, 123; Hurstwood, 26, 31; Lan- caster, 126; Little Mitton, 59, 123; Liverpool, 49, 50; Manchester, 52; Middleton, 59; Singleton, 52, 53. Langside, 75. Langton Hall, Malton, 96. Langton-on-Swale, 80. Lascelles (Lacel-, Lascelle) Hall, 4, 24, 31, 32, 41, 44, 49, 50, 56, 62, 83, 88, 91, 93, 107, IIO, I14, 118, 120, 121, 122, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, I3I, 132, 133, 134, 135, 139%., 142, 143, 144, 145, 149, 150, I5I, 153, 157, 160, r6Im., 166; Milne, 121, 128, 133, 161n.; New, 127, 133; Old, 127, 128, 129, 130. Lascelles Hall, Field-names and Place- names: Bank Close, 129; Bank End, 131; Brigg Ing, 12y; Close Pinacle, 129; Coxley Ing, 129; Hall Ing, 129; Little Ing, 129; Milne Ing, 129; North Riding, 129; Pond Garth, 129, 135; Riding Holme, 129; Riding Ing, 129; Round Wood, 131, 160; South Rid- ing, 129; Well Close, 129; Willcock Ing, 129; Wood Riding, 129.

Laverock Hall, 164. Lea Head, 158, 159. Lede, 44. Leeds, 12, 13, 41, 42, 45, 80, 89, 94, 131, I40, 142, 144, 146; Briggate, 80; St. Peter’s Church, 45; St. Peter’s Square, 94. Leicester, 134. Lepton, I, 2, 3, 4, 7, 12, 13, 16, 31, 33, 35» 40, 44, 45, 57, 59, 68, OI, g6, IOI, 105, 106, 107, 109, III, I19, I2I, 125, 127, 129, 137, 138, 139, 142, 144; Ashfield, 40, 165; Batley Bridge Close, 160; Cowmes Common, 6; Gawthorpe Green, 6; Spa Green at, 5; St. John’s church, 18; the Cowmes in, 4. Liley, 124, 139. Lima, S. America, 52, 159. Lincoln, Lindley, 161. Linthwaite, 95, 133, 153. Lisbon, 84. Liverpool, 50, 83, 94; Church, 49, 83. Liversedge, 76, 128. Lockington Rectory, 52, 53. Lockwood, 157. Lofthouse, 29, 40, 61, Ior. Loidis, 44. London, 33, 38, 40, 41, 42, 48, 53, 80, 84, 86, 87, IOI, I2I, 123, 132, 139, 142, 158; British Museum, 14, 15, 74, 80; Bunhill Fields, 51; Clerken- well, 80; Clyde Villa, 52; Gresham Coll., 84; Highgate Cemetery, 52, 53; House of Commons, 84; Lin- coln’s Inn, 14; Kennington Oval, 135; Company, tor; Record Office, Ir, 16, 117, 162; Royal Academy, 156; St. Andrew’s, Holborn, 84; St. Dunstan’s in the West, 154; Swallow St., St. James, 146; The Tower of, 84; Welbeck St., Cavendish Square, 90; West-

Presbyterian

Page 329

196 INDEX LOCORUM.

minster School, 146; Whitechapel, 84. Longley, 127, 148; Hall, 150: Hall, Huddersfield, 177. Louvain, 437. Lowerside Hall, 127, 129, 133, 134, 135. Lucknow, 96. Lupset, 155. Lyley Hall, 26, 40, 139; Lane, 40, 124; Le, 139; Place, Mirfield, 40, 139.

M.

Maidenhead, 96. Malton, 96; New, 151. Man, Isle of, 96. Manchester, 83, 137, I43, 145; St. John’s Church, 52. Marsden, 145. Matlock, 146. Medville, Lincs., 94. Meltham, 57, 59, 117, 121; Mills church- yard, 53. Mercia, Kingdom of, 19. Methley, 83. Middleton, 152, 154. Midleton, co. Lanc., 59, 128, 151. Midhope, 75. Mill Hill, 35. Millington, 151. Milnsbridge, 95, 137. Milnthorpe, 129. Mirfield (Myrfield), 3, 4, 5, 6, 13, 20, 32, 40, 44, 45, 55, 59, 104, 124, 137, 139, 143, 144, 146, 147, 155, 155%., 161, 164; Castle Hall, 13, 118, r2r, 151; Ledgerd Bridge, 143; Lyley Place, 40; New Hall, 118. Mitton, Little, 59, 123. Mold Green, 6, 7, 51, 56, 89, 95, 153, 158, 159; Avenue Street, 158; Christ Church, 18. Molly Carr wood, 4. Monk Bretton Priory, 68. Morley, 44.

Mortimer’s Cross, 39. Mulcture Hall, 165. Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, 17n. Muscat, Arabia, 55. Museum, see Ravensknowle. Myers, the, 160, 161, 162.

N.

Naburn, Bell Hall, 95. Nantes, France, 92. Naples, Italy, 95. Naseby, 82. Navarino, 147. Nayland, Suffolk, 95. Nerac, France, 92. Netherlands, 8. Nether Hall, rro, 153. Nettleton, 158. New England, 82. Newhouse, 164. Newland, 16; Commandery, 16; Hos- pital, 125; Preceptory, 16, 162, 163. Newsam (Neusum, Newsome), 16, 117. Newstede, 44. New York, U.S.A., 113. Norfolk, Burnham, 87; Chipdon, 99; Cromer, 99. Normanton, 83, 139. Northallerton, 95. Northumberland, 123. Northumbria, Kingdom of, 19. Nostell Priory, 125. Nun Brook, 35, 146.

O.

Oakenshaw, 154. Osbaldwick, 83. Osmaston, 87. Ottes, Essex, 9. Oulton, 140. Ousthorpe, I51, 155. Overheaton, 5, 139, 140.

Page 330

INDEX LOCORUM. 197

Overside, Lascelles Hall, 82, 127, 128, 129, 130, 133, 134, 135. Ox Close, 107. Oxford, Bodleian Library, 125, 148; Brasenose Coll., 84; Lincoln Coll., 142, 149”.; Magdalen Coll., 89; Magdalen Hall, 83; Merton Coll., 87; Univ. Coll., 79, 83; University of, 79, 83, 96, 123.

P.

Painthorpe, 94. Palestine, 12. Paris, Madeleine Cemetery, 99. Parlington, 13. Pavia, 149. Peak, the, 4. Peniston, 68, 83; Millhouse, 118; Small- hagh, 118. Pennine range, 4. Pennines, 155. Penrith, Barton House, 168. Peterborough, 143, 147. Peterston, 152. Petworth, Sussex, 43. Pocklington, 123, I5I, 155. Pog Well Farm (Myers), Dalton, 160. Pontefract (Pomfrey, Pomphret), 3, 103, 119; barony, 3; castle, 3, 121, 125: castle yard, 3, 3”.; chapel of St. Clement, 3; Honour, 3, II, 14, 125, 154. Pontey’s Nursery Gardens, 167. Pooley Bridge, Barton House, Cumbd., 102. Prestbury, 83, 84. Preston, 145. Puchevillers, France, 56. Pule-hill, 139.

Quarmby, 79. Quebec, Canada, 113.

Quiévy, France, 54. R.

Raby, 68. Raphoe, 87. Rashcliffe, 96. Ravensknowle (Rawensknolle), 50, 54, Q5, 102, 122, 143”., 150”., 156, 162, 163; Museum (Tolson Memorial), 27, 122, 138, 164; Road, 163. Rawmarsh, 89. Rawthorpe, 13, 88, 93, 143, 144, 145, 146, I5I, 152, 153, 154, 155; Hall, Dalton, 25, 26, 32”., 54, 96, IIo, I43”., 150, 152, 153, 154, 158; Little Carr Green, 158. Ripley, 80. Ripon, 702. Ripon Diocese, 18, 43. Ripponden, 64, 93. Robin Hood’s Grave, 147. Rochdale, 96. Rochester, 19. Rome, 37, 95; see of, 77; (the Vatican), 74: Rotherham, 75. Rothwell, 40, 92, 140; Lofthouse in, 40. Round About, the, 161. Routhmell, 148. Royston, 68. Russia, 140. Ruston, 44.

S.

St. Aidan’s Coll., 95. Salisbury, 90; London Road Cemetery, 53. Salop, Selattyn, 89; Whittington 89. Sandal, 57, 120, 128. Sandall, 107. Sandal Castle, 119, 120, 121, 126. Sandbach, Cheshire, 92. Scarborough, 145.

Page 331

198 INDEX LOCORUM.

Scotland, 14, 81. Scrivelsby, Lincs., 94. Sefton, 83, 84. Selby, 148. Sharleston, 122, 149”.; Hall, 149n. Sheffield, 88, 92, 140, 146; Castle, Shelley, 44, 80, 90, 105, 106, 154. Shenley, Herts., Wood Hall, 56. Shepley, I19. Sherburn, 19, 105. Sheriff Hutton, 80, 151, 152. Sherwood Forest, 155. Shitlington, 15. Shrewsbury, the Abbey, 152. Silkston, 75, 139; Pule Hill, 132. Silkstone, 96. Skircoat, Halifax, 158. Skipton, 148. Slaithwaite, 85, 131. Sledmere, 80. Smythie place, le, 5, 139”. Solesmes, France, 56. Soothill, 140. South Crosland, 57, 59. South Kirkby, 80, 117. Southwell, 83. Sowerby, 35, 50. Spa Bottom, 134. Spa Green, Lepton, sulphur spring at, 5. Spain, 93; Vigo Bay, 132. Spanish Main, Old, 133. Spaws, Knaresborough, at Harrogate, 133. Spofforth, 80. Stafford Hill, 165. Staincross, Wapentake of, 75. Stainland, 79. Stamford Bridge, 43. Stand Edge, 131.

Stanley, 148. Stansfield Hall, 126. Stapleton, 87. Stockport, 83, 85, 92. Storthes Hall, 154, 155; woods, 4.

Stubbings, 96. Stubhouse, Harewood, 56, 94. Sutton, Full, 43. Sussex, Petworth, 43. Swillington, church, 47, 48, 87, 102.

Te

Tanfield, West, 128, 149. Taxal, 83. Tetworth, 124. Thornhill, 4, 13, 17, 20, 45, 80, 140, 156; Edge, 11; Lees, 141. Thornton, 137. Thorpe Audley, 86. Thurcroft, 162. Thurgoiand, 139. Thurlston, Watch Hill House, 31. Tibnetherend, 146. Tickhill, 103. Tolson Memorial Museum, see Ravens- knowle. Torquay, Devon, Broadlands, 50, 95, 134. Tours, France (de Turribus), 74. Towton, 126. Trafalgar, 95, I13, 147. Tuam, 87. Turnpikes, 131.

Vatican, The, 74. Ventnor, 49. Versailles, gg. Vigo Bay, 132, 133.

W.

Wakefield, 1, 3, 9, II, 36, 42, 44, 69, 93, 94, I19, 126, 129, 131, 137, 144, 148, 153”., 155, 159; Cathedral, go; Diocese, 18; King’s School, 47, 48, 87; Manor, 22; Parish Church, 87; Strafford Arms; 144.

Page 332

INDEX LOCORUM. 199

Wales, North, 19. Walkerville, Australia, 96. Walton Hall, 69, 78, 148. Walton, Liverpool, 94. Walworth, Surrey, 132. Warmfield, 40, 126, 149. Wath, 126, 154. Wath-on-Dearn, 44, 148, 149, 159. Waterloo, 63, I13. Wearlhill, 134. Welburn Hall, 78. Westheton, 757. Westminster School, 146. Westmoreland, Askham, 96. Weston, 140. West Riding, 4, 7, 44, 124. Wetherby, 9. Whalley, 42. Whitley (Whitla, Witleia), 2, 7, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17, 25, 33, 35, 57) 59, 68, 75%., 85, QI, 104, 109, IIO, II7, IIg, 120, I2I, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 136, 138, 139, 145, 147, 148; Beau- mont, III, 117, 125; Hall Woods, II; manor of, 121; Lower, 4, 11; Upper, I, 4, 12,18, 111, 139; Upper Grange Moor in, 6, Ir. Whittington, 89, 95. Whitworth, 96. Whyteley, see Whiteley. Whitley Hall, 13, 26, 30, 42, 57, 70, 80, QI, 92, 93, 96, 99, IOI, 102, IIo, 117, I1IQn., 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 130, 140, 142, 147, 150.

Wickersley, 75. Wilberfosse, 43. Winchester, 22; Minster, 377. Winterbourne Bassett, Wilts., 83. Winwood, 109. Wisbech, Lutton House, 94. Woburn, 150, 167. Wombwell, 151. Wodehouse, 5. Woodsome, 9, 44, 82, 121, 131, 136, 137, 138, I5I, 154, 157; beck, 4; Club House, 157; Golf Course, 137; Hall, 4, 26, 138; Lees, 156; Park, 137. Woolley, 9, 86, 127, 162. Wormwood Scrubbs, 95. Wyke, 85. Wykeham Abbey, 152.

¥.

“ Yetton,” 165, 168. Yew Cottage, 134, 135. York, 16, 19, 34, 37, 47, 48, 57, 66, 70n., 71, 74, 75”., 76, 77, 78, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 95, 107, III, I19, 137, 139, 142, 143, 147, 152, 156, 162, 163; Castle, 112, I17; co., I, 2, 4,9, 19, 66, 107; Dean and Chapter Library, 162; Diocese, 18, 43; Minster, 34, 43., 87; New, U.S.A., 113; Prerogative Court, 17; St. Helen’s church, 76; St. Wilfrid’s church, 757.

Page 333

"Titus Wilson & Son, 28 Highgate, Kendal.


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