Honley in the Great War 1914-1918 (2014) by Cyril Ford

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HONLEY IN THE GREAT WAR . 1914-1918

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Honley in the Great War 1914-1918

All Rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission in writing of Honley Civic Society, or as expressly permitted by law.

Published in England by Honley Civic Society

Printed by Enterprise Print, Honley

© Cyril Ford, Peter Marshall and Honley Civic Society Text Peter Marshall and Cyril Ford Design PFM First published 2014

ISBN-13 978-0-9572638-5-7

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

uncovering the history behind all the names on the Honley War Memorial. Without his research, this book might not have been produced. The Honley Civic Society acknowledges a debt of gratitude to Cyril for adding so much to the village’s history.

|: is difficult to estimate the number of hours which Cyril Ford has devoted to

Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Soldiers Died Huddersfield Daily Examiner Holmfirth Express The Times Newspaper The Army List The London Gazette National Portrait Gallery The 1911 Census. The 1901 Census. The 1891 Census Leys School, Cambridge Marlborough College Archivist Gonville and Caius College- Archivist James Cox New College. Harrogate, (Ashville) Jane Petts Archivist University of Bangor. Wales, (St Mary’s College) Matthew Zawadzki, Sheffield University Claines Church Warden, Mrs R Cramp Sheila Glass, Ramsbury Fire Power-The Royal Artillery Museum. Ramsbury Church, George Hawes Mike Bennett, Lechlade Martyn Gorman, Aberdeenshire John Rumsby, Huddersfield David McGregor, Huddersfield

However, the records could not have been compiled without the help of the following, to whom the authors express their grateful thanks. Most of the photographs are from the Honley Civic Society archive including the Harold Holdroyd collection. We are grateful for the permission to use certain images and apologise for any omissions.

Alan Brooke, Magdale Peter Bray, Honley Kathleen Dyson, Honley Norman Shaw, Honley Neville Sheard, Honley Pat Waite, Honley Angela Donkersley, Honley Eileen Marshall, Honley Sue Daggett, Berry Brow Rev. Maureen Read, Vicar of Meltham Lawrence Taylor, Upper Cumberworth Hilary and Richard Turner, New Mill Beth and Martin Dove, Brockholes P Ainley, Totties Huddersfield & District Family History Society, (Margaret Woodcock, Keith Woodcock, David Milson) West Yorkshire Archive Service Huddersfield Local History Library Cyril Pearce, Huddersfield Local History Society Hilary Haigh, Huddersfield Local History Society Pearce Register of British Conscientious Objectors, Imperial War Museum ‘Lives of the First World War’

Some images in this volume have been digitally altered to remove blemishes and correct colour balance.

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HONLEY IN THE GREAT WAR Village and Villagers between 1914 and 1918

otherwise of engaging war with Germany in 1914 in defence of Belgian neutrality. At a distance of one hundred years and more, the loss of so many lives and the awfulness of the conditions colours our view. Neither do we seek to record each stage of the conflict.

More, it is the purpose of our efforts to highlight Honley people and the part they played during the years 1914 to 1918 and beyond. As war spread across Europe, how did hostilities affect our village tucked away in the West Riding of Yorkshire? How did the villagers respond and how was life carried on?

Lifelong villager, Cyril Ford, has spent many years compiling a record of the background to the names on Honley’s War Memorial at Green Cliff. His researches have revealed a great deal about the personal history of all the men who are named there. Naturally, this volume focuses on the men killed in the 1914-18 conflict, when they died and where they are buried. Theirs is the permanent record. Any pertinent family details are also shown.

However, beyond that we have taken a small selection of servicemen and told their story in a little more detail. They may have been riflemen, sergeants or officers. Their connection with Honley is sufficient to warrant inclusion. As it was a war which was little talked about, it has been much more difficult finding out about the lives of those who survived it.

In addition, we take a look at how the villagers of Honley dealt with the war that was waging across the English Channel and beyond. The fundraising and the convalescent home reveal the humane side of the village.

The alphabetical list on pages 22 to 27 gives details, where known, of all the names on the Honley War Memorial, plus some which are not included. The year and place of enlistment is followed by the regiment, although this may well have changed during a soldier's service. Next comes the location and cause of death and the place of burial or commemoration in France, Belgium or elsewhere. The entry concludes with any family and local connections to Honley or district.

At the outbreak of war in August 1914, the Secretary for War, Lord Kitchener, issued his first call to arms. This was for 100,000 volunteers, aged between 19 and 30. General Henry Rawlinson initially suggested that men would be more willing to join up if they could serve with people they already knew. Many Honley men signed up together. Two-thirds of the battalions raised during the first two years of the war were locally raised Pals battalions as in Holmfirth and other places. Later, as casualties grew and active forces diminished, conscription was introduced on 2™ March, 1916, with the Military Service Act, known during its parliamentary passage as the Batchelor’s Bill.

As the village was administered by Honley Urban District Council (UDC), local affairs remained truly local. In April 1915, the UDC instructed Harry Marsden, the gas manager,

|: is not the place of a modest record such as this to comment on the wisdom or

to issue handbills warning residents that gas and electricity supplies may be cut off in the event of threatened air raids. Just a month later, the gas department was told by the War Office High Explosives Committee that they required the extraction of toluol (now known as toluene) from the gas-making process, as it was a constituent of the explosive TNT.

Between August 1914 and the introduction of the first Military Service Act as many as three million men volunteered for military service in the UK. From January 1916 until the end of the war a further 2.3 million men were formally conscripted into service. The first Act specified that men from 18 to 41 years old were liable to be called up for service in the army unless they were married, widowed with children, serving in the Royal Navy, a minister of religion, or working in one of a number of reserved occupations. A second Act in May 1916 extended liability for military service to married men and a third Act in 1918 extended the upper age limit to 51.

Those who objected to an call-up, either men or employers, could apply to a local Military Service Tribunal, including one in Honley. A tribunal could grant exemption from service, usually conditional or temporary. There was right of appeal to an Appeal Tribunal.

Honley’s casualties were light at first. Only one name on the war memorial comes from 1914 and just two more in 1915. It is not until 1916 and the war on the western front that the numbers begin to rise. Twenty men named on the war memorial lost their lives in 1916, followed by 25 in 1917 and 30 in 1918. The day after Britain declared war, the Currency and Bank Notes Act, 1914 was passed to permit the government to print notes as legal tender in place of gold sovereigns and half- sovereigns. This Act effectively suspended the gold standard, enabling the government to print notes to cover its wartime obligations, Honley shopkeepers would soon have to get used to handling paper currency.

From the outset of war, Honley people responded in a typically generous way. Almost at once, there was an influx of Belgian refugees, around 250,000 fleeing to Britain after their country was invaded in August 1914. Many came to the West Riding from the eastern borders of the country with heart-rending tales and some had walked for days to reach the North Sea and a ship to Britain. Directed by one central body, the War Refugees Committee, local committees carried out the work of finding shelter, food, clothing and employment for the refugees.

One such was formed in Honley, with a handful of Belgian families being accommodated in homes in Westgate and Eastgate. Another house, at No.12 Southgate, is still known in the village as the Belgian House. Fundraising to support the visitors was done through the Honley Belgian Relief Fund.

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above, Honley’s traditional Whit Walk went ahead on a sunny 24" May 1915, despite many local men serving at the front. below, after war was over, a parade crosses Honley bridge on 16" August, 1919, with the National Association of Discharged and Disabled Soldiers and Sailors taking part.

After the hostilities ended, two Belgian families from Mechlen/Malines, who had been based in Netherton, wrote to their hosts, thanking them for the friendship and hospitality which had been shown to them. Written on card, due to the shortage of paper in Belgium, Isabelle, Florence and Franz said how they had found most of their furniture on their return, but that there was no work in Mechlen. The De Costa family wrote from Mechlen to their hostess, Mrs Whitehead, to say that the children were very sorry to leave Netherton. They thanked her for “let us live so happy and comfortable”.

At theend of August 1914, the first meeting of Honley Distress sub-committee was held, the Red Cross and Honley Nursing Association and many other local organisations being represented by well-known villagers, including clergy, councillors and retailers. The members decided to remain independent of the Huddersfield and West Riding Relief Societies, a stance often taken by the villagers. Samuel Drake offered to donate 300 stones (nearly 2000 kg) of flour packed in bags for distribution, an offer gratefully accepted.

Honley school teachers and employees of the gas and electricty department of the Urban District Council promised two and a half per cent of their salaries as a contribution. Once funds began to flow in, it was agreed to send a quarter of the amount in hand to the National Relief Fund, with the remainder for local purposes. The committee checked on the employment position in the village. It was found that most of the mills were working short time, but that none had closed down. Funds were also set up under the titles of Honley War Relief Fund and The Honley Home for Convalescent Soldiers. They were later all registered under the War Charities Act of 1916.

Miss Emily Frances Siddon of Honley House was chairman of the Huddersfield Board of Guardians when the war broke out and she immediately devoted herself to many forms of war work. She helped in the recruiting campaigns and later in organising and supporting almost every local organisation for the supply of comforts for the men in service as well as being active in the reception and care of the wounded at home.

She was one of the instigators of support for the wives and families of the men in the services to enable them to receive immediate financial assistance before the government provided allowances. As she had during her whole career been an indefatigable supporter and administrator of hospitals, her experience was invaluable in the organisation of the Huddersfield war hospital. Under her chairmanship, the Huddersfield Board of Guardians placed a large hospital block in the town at the disposal of the authorities, which made provision for more than 200 beds.

In Honley, she assisted in the settlement of the Belgian refugees and she was president of the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Families Association, vice-president of the War Pensions Committee, vice-president of the Women’s Society for Helping Soldiers and Sailors, member of the Huddersfield War Relief Committee, member of the Crosland Moor Hospital Committee and president of the Honley Auxiliary Hospital. The story of the hospital is told on pages 14 to 17. Miss Siddon’s war services were officially recognised in July, 1918, when she was made an M.B.E.

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Several of the leading citizens of Honley tried to use their influence to improve the pensions which were awarded to war widows and to ensure the men at the front received morale boosting messages from home.

Samuel Jagger, husband of Mary and a local councillor, fought for better pensions for many women in the village. He was the secretary of the Honley Local War Pensions committee. George Borwell was the head of the National School in Honley. He arrived in 1891 and spent the war years serving the community of Honley in a number of ways. He communicated with his former pupils and sent them small gifts from home. One reply from a soldier was reprinted in the Holmfirth Express.

Mr Geroge Borwell, School House has received several interesting letters of thanks. Private Ben Auty, who fought in the Boer War is with the 3rd Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, at Shiremoor Camp, Northumberland. Private Harry Lindley is with the Northumberland Fusiliers at Boleswater Camp Woking, Surrey. Private A Munro sent a letter of thanks from Frencham Camp, Farnham.

However, some aspects of local life were curtailed. One example occurred at the 1916 AGM of Honley Cricket Club, when it was decided to abandon cricket for the duration, due to the shortage of players.

After the war, Honley Urban District Council set about improving the housing in the village. The first new homes were at Council Terrace on New Mill Road. The next area chosen was West Avenue, although it was not until the 1920s that council houses there were constructed. Honley had its homes for heroes. The village entered the war with optimism and benevolence. It lost none of that benevolence but ended the war with far fewer of its men.

above right, a group of young Honley men had their photograph taken before the war. Four of them would subsequently lose their lives during wartime. left to right back row, Leslie Hamilton, Harold Turner, Willie Walker, Johnny Coldwell, Norman Armitage, Horace Waite, Norman Drake front row, Roy Waite, Harold Sykes, Harold Messenger, Wilfrid Robinson, Reggie Walker far right, George Borwell (centre), with his sons Fred and Thomas. Samuel Drake’s shop in Westgate (right) was an employer of Honley villagers during the Great War. The Drake family donated flour to the Honley Distress Relief Fund.

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BROTHERS IN ARMS /hrough the Letters of fred and Willie Newsome

Newsome of Honley. They had one older brother Albert, a younger sister Maggie and younger brothers Ernest and Oliver.The family came originally from the Heavy Woollen area, George being employed in the dyeing trade. The family moved to Honley where Annie kept a sweet shop at 62 Thirstin Road, Honley, the family home before the war.

Both Fred and his younger brother Willie were woollen piecers, Fred at Thirstin Mills and Willie at Wrigley’s at Netherton. Albert, a sorting clerk and telephonist, was two years older than Fred. Maggie, being the only girl, remained at home despite passing her eleven plus examinations. Their father, George, had died aged 50 in February 1916 and Annie was left to cope with her large family and the thought of her sons going to war.

fire and Willie Newsome were the sons of George and Annie

Conscription was introduced on 3% March, 1916 and the two brothers joined-up together in the spring of that year, being given consecutive service numbers in the King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Fred later transferred to the Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort’s Own), although both brothers were in a number of battalions during their time in the army.

After being widowed, Annie moved from her home at Thirstin Road to 7 Lower Fold, where the remaining family, Maggie, Ernest, Oliver and Beauty the dog settled in. Oliver was keen on visits to the recently opened Palladium Picture House immediately next door and Maggie liked to dance at Hope Bank Pleasure Grounds, near Brockholes. Fred was an active member of the Holmfirth, Honley and Meltham Hunt and was devoted to his hound, Beauty.

Both brothers had strong family ties and sent many letters to their widowed mother and to their siblings, always enquiring about family members and friends still in Honley. They already had close friends in the army. Harry Gaines and Fred seemed inseparable during their training at Sheerness Camp. Willie probably had the more comfortable training at Wimbledon camp on Wimbledon Common.

When finally, at the end of June, their time came to transfer to France, Fred went to camp at le Havre. He described it as “better than Sheppey with plenty of bully beef and biscuits”. Then to ‘the lines’, the letters home became shorter and less informative (for

obvious military reasons). In the middle of August, Fred reported that he was still in the trenches, having a “tough time shell dodging”. However, optimism was strong that it would “all be over by Christmas”.

Willie, after joining-up, had been sent to camp at Hare Hall, near Romford in April 1916. The King’s Royal Rifles shared Hare Hall with the 28" County of London Regiment at that time. Willie would not be aware of the fact that war poet Wilfrid Owen was undertaking officer training with the 28" at Hare Hall at the same time as he and his mates were billeted there. The Honley men went on to their training camp at Wimbledon in mid-April.

In the letters to his mother, Annie, Willie told how their new home was a series of huts holding 20 men, spacious with a store room and (something to be remarked upon) electric lighting. The huts were laid out like a big town and included a YMCA building with a piano. The room there, he said, was twice the size of Honley Co-op hall.

Although he was able to return home once for his Sunday boots, Willie was soon back home fora second time and visited the local theatre. At that point he expected to remain in Wimbledon “for the duration”. Fred was able to visit him at camp and on one occasion they slept six to a bed in order to stay overnight.

In mid-May Willie joined a group on a bombing course and they had their photograph taken witha Brigade officer. At one point they went to Stamford Bridge sports ground in London for a bombing competition. Then came notification that 100 of the men would be going to the front on Monday 22" May.

With their kit handed in and their wills made out (Willie left what little he had to his sister Maggie), they set off two days later for Folkestone and the boat crossing to Boulogne.

Willie found himself in the same tent as 13 others including his good friend from Honley, Willie Lindley. Willie Newsome kept a pocket book in which he kept

Annie Newsome, ~ mother of Fred and Willie

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above, Fred’s Soldier’s Small Book below, Janey Lindley (seated) was Willie's girl friend at the time. She is seen here with Leila Hirst (Aspinall), who became a close family friend.

the addresses of family and friends. He also noted (probably illicitly) his movements at the front.

For example, on 26" May, he left Boulogne camp for Etaples, further down the coast of the English Channel. In June, Willie wrote home that the first 40 were sent forward to join the battalion, but not the two Willies. Instead they found themselves swimming in the English Channel at Paris Plage.

Willie Newsome's turn at the front came in the first week of July at the start of the Battle of the Somme, when he laboured ina trench at Ploegsteert across the Belgian border for almost five days, moving sandbags in a working party. There he found another Honley lad, Abe Chambers of Brooke Fold, who had enlisted in October 1915. (Abe survived much of the war but died on 24" August, 1918.) He went back into the trenches at 7.00am on 16" July and came out on 23” July at 6.00am. Annie sent her son a cake for his 21% birthday on Tuesday 25" July. He spent the day in the trenches, but was soon out again and on 12 days rest and recuperation.

However, the news reached him there of the death of two Honley men, Reggie Walker who was killed in action with the 2™ Battalion, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, on 1* July and John Townsend, a 2™ lieutenant with 12" Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) who was killed at Bazentin on 14" July. By 3 August, 1916, Willie was again in the trenches but came out on the 8". This was followed by an inspection on 14" August. He then slept in a barn following some route marches. Willie's group was pulled back and they were at Abbeville by 24'" August.

They left again on 6" September by train to the town of Albert, back on the Somme, near the front. He wrote home on September to tell his mother that he expected to be in the firing line next as the battle was very near. This was to be his last letter to Annie.

On Saturday 16" September, the 21* King’s Royal Rifles were advancing towards the village of Flers on the Somme as part of the Battle of Flers-Courcelette. This battle was notable as it was the first occasion on which tanks were used in battle, the attack being supported

by 49 tanks. During the course of the battle, Willie was struck by a gunshot to the head and was taken to 28 Casualty Clearing Station which had just been set up in a nursing home at Fouilloy, one of the principal British bases.

The sister-in-charge wrote to Annie to say that her son had never regained consciousness and had passed away peacefully a few hours after being hit. He is buried at Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L’Abbe, south west of the town of Albert.

Meanwhile, Fred, who was with the 13" King’s Royal Rifles, was concerned that he had not received a letter from his brother. His Company was also in the trenches on the Somme in mid-October as part of a renewed assault to regain battle objectives.

In atrocious weather conditions on the afternoon of 12" October, an unsuccessful attempt was made to gain a few yards when, at around 7.00pm, Fred and Lance Corporal Gilbert Weston were hit by the blast from a rifle grenade which landed close to them.

Later that evening, Fred’s sergeant, John William Stott, wrote to Annie to say that her son had been killed and that he had died without pain within a few minutes of being struck. Fred was however, admitted to 38 Casualty Clearing Station. Confusingly, the sister in charge reported to Annie that he died a few hours after admission but did not suffer at all.

Annie Newsome had lost two sons within four weeks. It had a profound effect on the whole family. Annie appears to have become ill, for later letters showed her in a convalescent home.

The Chaplain to the 13" King’s Royal Rifles, Rev Ernest W Trevor, wrote to Annie three days later to say that Fred had been laid to rest, side by side with L/c Weston in an official grave nearby. A cross had been placed at the head and its location marked by the Graves Registration Committee. All the officers and a large number of men of the Company were present at the funeral. Reverend Trevor, too, was killed on 14" November, just four weeks after officiating at Fred’s burial.

As a tribute to Fred and as a way of raising money for his mother, the Holmfirth, Honley and Meltham

above, Fred (right) and comrades at Sheerness camp in June 1916

below, Willie (centre) with Harry Gaines (1) and Norman Hirst (r)

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above, King’s Royal Rifles bombing party at Wimbledon Common in May 1916 - Willie is second left on the front row. Also in the group are Frank Carter, Horace Waite, (third from right, back row), William George Bruty and Willie Lindley. below, Willie (front left) and comrades before going to the front. On the back row (from left) is Harry Gaines with William George Bruty, Frank Carter and Willie Lindley.

Hunt reprinted an epic poem about the members, which had first been written and published in 1915. Two new verses and a special chorus were added and the reprinted sheet was sold at twopence a copy. One thousand copies were made available, either from the committee or from the Express office in Holmfirth.

One of Willie Newsome’s pals, Willie Lindley, is included in several of the photographs taken in 1916. Willie Lindley was born in Brockholes in 1898, the son of Joe and Ann. Like the Newsome brothers, he had three brothers and a sister. They lived in Bright’s Buildings at Neiley. Willie worked at Gledhill and Roberts Bobbin Works at Honley Bridge, just behind Station Road and enlisted in Huddersfield where he joined the 10" Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps. He was killed in action over a year after his pal, on 30" November, 1917.

Fred and Willie Newsome were not the only brothers from Honley to be killed in France. Archie and Willie Munro, who lived in Magdale were both killed in 1916, October and July respectively. Archie Monro had received a gift from Honley and had sent a letter of thanks from Fencham camp in Farnham to George Borwell.

Brothers Ben and Colin Hanson, sons of Sergeant George Henry Hanson of Honley police and his wife Lucy, also lost their lives. Both were cloth finishers and were born in Barnsley just a year apart, moving to Honley when their father transferred to the village. The Huddersfield Examiner reported on the lives of the enlisted men and printed a letter which Lance Corporal Ben Hanson wrote on 14" May, 1915 to his father and mother at Ebor House, Highfield Terrace.

We have just come out of the trenches after being in four days and we were very glad to come out. Last night was the first time we had our clothes off for a week, so you can guess why we are pleased. I suppose it is the Holmfirth Feast; if we had been at home, we should have gone to the sing. It is very trying at times, as we are asleep after being in the trenches. I received the box of cigarettes from Messrs Brook’s dyeworks and was very pleased with them. It rained two days the last time we were in the trenches. I don’t know how they stood it last winter.

Ben Hanson was killed in action nine months later at Maily-Maillet on 7" March, 1916 and his brother was reported missing on 3 May, 1917, the first day of the second Battle of Bullecourt near Arras.

Also from Magdale were Gunners Henry and Albert Parkin. Henry was killed in October 1916 and Albert in May two years later. Their father, Joe, was an engineer at Magbridge dyeworks. Henry worked at Eastwood Brothers’ Thirstin Mill and his brother Albert at Crowther’s Mill in Milnsbridge. Two more to lose their lives were the Hinchliffe brothers, Harold and Lewis, from Cross Street, in the village. As can be seen from the newspaper report on page u, there was confusion over which brother had been killed in May 1917, although both died in the course of the year.

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GALLERY OF: HONOUR A few of the tlonley men who went to war

upper, from left to right Allen Cowgill, Norman Schofield, Fred Charlesworth, Joe Ford, Lewis Harker, Henry Le Roy Charlesworth Willie Boothroyd, Arthur Quarmby, lower, from left to right Harry Battye, Albert Robinson, Willie Lawton, Harold Kaye, Fred Hirst, Thomas Temple Hirst, Edwin Dakin,

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that Pte Arthur Quarmby, the youngest son of the

Regt. with which so many lads from this district

at the same time as Arthur and who is now in I

_killed. It was on the 20th November. We were just over the top to start a big push on -----; We I had got over the enemy’s front line when some _snipers opened fire on us and we rushed into the I sunken road and it was there Arthur got hit...... Lp I did not see him after he was hit, so I cannot tell I you much about him, but I feel it very much, for

NEWS HAS REACHED US... Newspaper Extracts

Oldfield and Honley families have just sustained || Readers over a wide area will regret to learn that || The news which we are ina position to publish last week that Lt Lewis a severe blow by the receipt of the sad intelligence || Lieut F Charlesworth, son of the late Mr and Mrs || Harker, son of Mr and Mrs Wm Harker, of Cliffe Wood Terrace, Neiley, Ralph Charlesworth, of Smithy Place Brockholes ‘| Honley, had lost his life in action was received with intense regret a away at Sheffield, whither he had gone || by a large nu of personal friends who were acquainted with the for medical advice and treatment. During the time || gallant officer, who was brought up in the immediate district. The he was with the colours, a period of over four || last three years of the life of this soldier have been a period of intense years, Lieutenant Charlesworth, who was first || activity, marked by enthusiastic zeal for the national cause. Enlisted with the Sheffield “Pals” and then with the Duke of || at Whitsuntide, 1915, he joined the Colours as a private and wounded Wellington's has not had the best of good fortune || the Egypt operations — he was one of Sulva Bay heroes — he was for twice he has been wounded and was also gassed || sent to recuperate. He left Egypt for France, and was then recommended last April, when he came home for treatment. for a commission, after having experienced fifteen month's service in Hoping that his own doctor would be the means of the 8th Battalion, Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding) Regiment.

effecting an improvement in his condition, Lieut || Coming home for training at Lichfield, the young soldier readily passed || Charlesworth went to Sheffield, but despite the || the necessary examination, and was drafted to the East Lancashire || best that medical skill and care could provide, || Regiment, and was subsequently attached to the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. This was during his stay at Patrington, Hull, where, as in other walks of life, he made many friends. Lt Harker was in this district on leave two months ago, and leaving Holmfirth on August 13th, he was in France in the course of a day or two. Since reaching France he had experienced many narrow escapes, and it was hoped that his good fortune would continue. These hopes, however, have not been fulfilled, for official news was received that he had been killed in action on October 1st.

Confirming the message from the War Office, Mrs Harker has a letter from a officer in the same Battalion, stating that Lt Harker was killed instantly by a shell that dropped in his post. “He had only returned after talking with another officer’; says the writer, “when a shell dropped on him. Your son was very much liked by his men and officers. He was always cheerful and happy, and will be missed by all. We are holding a memorial service to-morrow afternoon’ Lt Harker was born at Ford Cottage at the time his father, who is now with the I firm of Donisthorpe & Co Ltd, Leicester, was engineer at Ford Mill.

He was educated at Wooldale Council School and later at New Mill National School. Connected with the United Methodist cause, he was scholar at Mount Tabor, and was one time member of the Choir.

HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS

late Mr and Mrs Chas. Quarmby, and who resided with his sister, Mrs J Fawcett, 21 Oldfield, was killed in action on Nov 20", whilst serving with the

are associated. A Deanhouse lad, who “went out”

hospital in this country, has sent an account of I how Pte Quarmby was laid low ten days before I his 27th birthday. “I expect you will know’; writes I Arthur’s friend, “that Arthur Quarmby has been

he gradually became weaker and passed away last I || Saturday at the age of 41 years. Lieut Charlesworth was brought up at Brockholes, attending St George’s school where he later became a member on, I of the teaching staff, after which he went to St we had always stuck together ever since we joined || Mary’s College Bangor. Upon leaving college, he up. There is one thing: I don't think he had much || became assistant at Park Council School, Sheffield, pain — it was a dead shot’ was later assistant at the Manor School, Sheffield, Pte Quarmby - a tall well-built young man who and when war broke out, he was head assistant at was equally happy and hearty on the cricket field, || Duchess Council School, also in that city.

at the mill or always making the best of his lot, |) Immediately he threw in his lot with the Sheffield I even in khaki ~ was a worthy example of the || pals, joining as a private. Eventually, however, he I plucky, determined British soldier. To do his duty || took his commission and as Lieut was attached in his limited sphere was of more consequence || to the Duke of Wellington’s Regt. He took part in to him than the ladder of promotion and by his || military activities in both Egypt and France and I good natured disposition, he won the respect and || thrice crossed and re-crossed the Channel. Not I esteem of colleagues and superiors alike. When || only is his death a severe blow to the family, but he fell a victim to the deadly aim of a sniper, he || a wide circle also deeply mourn the loss of the had been engaged on the Continent ten months || companionship of an intelligent and kind-hearted or so, for he went to France last January after || friend and an Englishman who put his patriotism being in training about nine months. That he had I I first. earned a respite will be readily conceded and he

I The internment took place at St George’s Church, was looking forward to having the SP of I : coming home on leave this Christmas. I Brockholes last Thursday afternoon when the last

I rites were performed by the Rev. H. J. Raymer. Before going to the colours, Arthur was connected || Representing the Sheffield teachers were Messrs with Honley National School and Honley Parish || Halliday, Tyas and Woodhead and officiating as Church, and cricket enthusiasts will best remember bearers were Lieut W. Eastwood, RAF Lieut him as a member of the Honley Wesleyan Cricket || Borwell, 6th Duke of Lieut Tyas, RGA, I Club. Immediately before going to the colours, I I Lieut Wilkinson, Seaforth’s, Lieut M. Pott, Argyle’s I Quarmby worked for the finishing department I and Lieut Wood, 3rd Duke of Corporal I Messrs Thomas Dyson & Sons, Deanhouse Mills. || Hardy, from the 5th Duke of was also I HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS, 22"* December, 1917 || present and Buglers Megson and Jowett sounded I _ the “Last Post? HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER || his legs through wounds.

HONLEY CORPORAL KILLED.

News had been received by Mrs Crosland of Thirstin Road Honley, to the effect I that her son, Corporal G. W. Crosland of the 9" Duke of Wellington’s has been illed in action. Private letters indicate that Corporal Crosland lost his life while gallantly leading a bombing party. Before the war he was employed by Messrs I Brooke and Sons, Armitage Bridge Mills. He was a respected member of William I Brooke’s Bible class at Honley Parish Church School. His brother-in-law, Private Baskerville has served in the First 5 Duke of Wellington’s and has lost one of HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS 18" March, 1916

Page 13

-————

OUR CABINET OF HEROES

Although full details are lacking, it would appear that Pte Willie Lawton, a member of one of the must widely known families of the district, has been killed in action. At any rate, his parents -— Mr and Mrs S Lawton, Woodland View, Brockholes — have received testimony to this effect. Willie joined the Duke of Wellington's in October, 1915, and went out in the early part of last year.

The lad was reported missing on Sept 3" — the same date as many other gallant youths from the hills and dales of the district made their great sacrifices. Inquiries being instituted, the family got into communication with Corporal Brierley, in hospital in the homeland, who, in response to inquiries gave to Willie’s brother the following account of what took place: “Well, Willie was in my section and he went over with me on the 3" of Sept, on the Sunday morning, at five past five. We reached the German first and second line in quick time, and we had been there for some time when they started to shell us very heavily, and I lost my men nearly. Your brother was in the second line when he was killed with two more men. They all died together, I am sorry to say. Willie was a great pal of mine. We had spent some time in the trenches together. You will see where I am and I should like to see you’

In the course of another letter to Mrs J Schofield, a friend of the missing soldier residing in Brockholes, Corporal Brierley gave a supplementary account of the charge. In this narrative he says, “Three of my men were done with the same shell. He was killed instantly and his comrades with him, and I was wounded soon after. I was struck by a bomb, and had to get away the best I could. We lost very heavily and a lot of wounded were taken prisoners. We lost all our officers:

Seen personally by Willie’s father, Corporal Brierley substantiates his statements. Before joining the Colours, Pte Lawton worked at Rock Mills, being assistant to his father, who is the scribbling engineer there. He was a member of the Bible Class at Brockholes Church. A

Our readers generally will sympathise with the family in her es, HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS

I Inquiries have been made without success, and now I I 740 ots; I his name is added to the list of the killed by the| I Painter and decorator, and was only || at the age of 21 years, was assisting I

_ effusion of time. The son of Mrs Hirst, 55, Station I I recently married. With his family || his father in the business at Smithy I Road, Brockholes., Fred went to the colours at the| I he was connected with the Honley lace Mills when the war broke out, I I beginning of 1916, and has been in France but a| I Primitive Methodist Church, and as an aving been educated for a business I short time when along with other members of the] I West Riding Regiment he dropped out of the active I I local bands. I list. Pte Hirst was a quiet, inoffensive boy who HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER I intensely loved his home, but still felt he was called I 41 May, 1917 o new College, Harrogate. Upon leaving

_in which the young soldier was held was reflected I oe || Office to the effect that Drummer 1] my pals are going. If I stay at home, I

hat shall I have to say to them when I

quiet lad diligent in the discharge of his duties, whether at home, in training, or at the front, Pte Lawton gained for himself the respect of all.

‘THE DEVOTION OF PRIVATE HIRST 1 HONLEY SOLDIER'S FATAL -VALOROUS SON’S ANSWER An Echo of Sept 3rd. WOUNDS : His King and Country First.

I Private Fred Hirst of Brockholes, gave his life| It is reported the Drummer Lewis The war has left an indelible mark King and country before he had reached his|| Hinchliffe of the Duke of Wellington's || 4) the family of Mr and Mrs Albert I year. At any rate, that is the presumption, I I Regiment, has succumbed to wounds I for presumption alone has the military authorities I I he received in action. He was aged I to rely for his death. He was one of those local lads| I 2° years, and was the son of Mr. I who were reported missing on September 3", 1916, I I Alfred Hinchliffe, tailor, 10 Southgate,

aving been received that their second on, Albert Victor, has been killed in I Honley. He was in business as a ction. Sergt. Robinson, who has fallen

I instrumentalist had been a member of areer, first attending Almondbury

rammar School and then proceeding

upon to assist his country in her.time of need. Hence I ollege, he became actively associated he went, and all the time he was away he kept in| HONLEY MAN KILLED, ith his father’s business, giving

close touch, by means of frequent letters, with his I BROTHER WOUNDED romise of a successful future in the

dear mother who remained at home waiting for the I : industrial life of the Holme Valley. time he would return. Fred was well known in the A fortnight ago Mr. A. Hinchliffe, |) district, where he was regarded as a decent well-| behaved lad. Before the war he worked for Messrs Robinson's, Smithy Place. He was also attached to] Brockholes Wesleyan Chapel, and the high respect : has been corrected by the War || for him, the youth replied, “No, father, at the memorial service, which was conducted by I the Rev J Keddie, last Sunday week. Two of Fred’s brothers, who are with the colours, were able to be : : : they come back?” So the lad volunteered present. The service throughout was of the most I Hinchliffe, was killed in the same for servi d went out with the Duke battle. The two men were struck || 107 Service and we hg im ressive character, _HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS simultaneously, and attended to of Wellington’s (West Riding) Regt., each other’s wounds. Afterwards || Which has suffered so severely. Last

L. Hinchliffe was wounded, whilst |his older brother, Private H.

obinson of Hillcrest Honley, news

of 10 Southgate, Honley, received hen the war broke out and the youth news that his son, Drummer L. romptly developed a desire to go to the I Hinchliffe, had been killed in || service of his King and Country. When I action. Recently the intimation || his father asked him if he might appeal

HONLEY PIONEER KILLED I I the younger brother was conveyed. ay, Sergt Robinson was wounded and I

to hospital, unaware of his fter a respite at the base, he returned 7 o the Front. Mr and Mrs Robinson I

Ex-Police Sergeant Fred Wood of Honley has been brother's denen.

informed that his only son, Pte Frederick Douglas os Wood of the West Riding Regiment was killed in I I Private H. Hinchliffe was in the ave two other sons, both in the army.

action on July 31%. His friends, Ptes George Smith, I I Duke of Wellington's West Riding || Sergt Robinson was of a quiet, retiring I Walker Milnes, C Marsden, George Ingle and A.| I Regiment and was 28 years of || disposition. While not so _ keenly I Hall have written to the parents expressing their I I age. He worked previously for evoted to athletics as his father, who I sympathy. Pte Wood was 25 years of age and being I I Thornton's of Honley and was || o¢ course is well-known as having been I I a capable joiner he served in the pioneers. He was I I connected with the Primitive || Gi cated with local cricket for

carrying a bag of bombs to the front line when he I I Methodist Sunday School and || was killed by a piece of shell, Enlisting soon after || Church, He was secretary for || 29 years, Sergt Robinson nevertheless war broke out he had been at the Front for a year. I I Honley Musical Festival, the Adult || took a deep interest in all manly games. He was a former member of the Honley Parish I I Bible Class, Gray’s Orchestral Band || In every respect an admirable son, his Church choir and was well known in the district. and the Rechabite Sick Club. ss is keenly felt. To his mother, the

Pte W. H. Thornton, son of Mr J. R. Thornton has I HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER || News is an especially severe Mow epd

this district are with the family. _ HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS

Lewis was later killed in October, 1917

HOLMFIRTH EXPRESS, 12” August, 1916 I

_ been wounded in the leg and arm and is now in an May, 1917 || he sympathies of their many friends in I English hospital. 2

Page 14

Commander f Company, Duke of Welli

KELL EE SYKES

the owner of Rock Mills, Brockholes, and who lived at Woodville, Thongsbridge. He had an association of around 50 years with the Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment. Keith Sykes went to Uppingham school in 1905, at the age of 13. He was later commissioned as an officer in the Holmfirth Company of the 5‘ Battalion of the Duke’s before the outbreak of the war. He left Holmfirth with F Company on 4" August, 1914. He served with the Battalion in 22 fields of conflict in France and Flanders continuously from 1915 to 1918. It was said that he never missed one engagement in which his unit was involved. In 1916 he was promoted to captain.

I Cte Sykes was born in 1888, the son of Alfred Sykes,

He was awarded the Military Cross in January 1916, the citation reading “for being a very good platoon leader”. He was awarded a bar to the MC in August 1918, for his “personal example during operations in Havrincourt and Hindenburg Line” in September 1918. He also received the French Croix de Guerre avec Palme in 1919, for “going under fire to round up various units”. From 1918 to 1919, he was in Germany as the adjutant of the 5"" Battalion.

In April 1919, a letter written in Germany, to the Editor of the Holmfirth Express from Captain Keith Sykes said, “The Battalion is fast disappearing. We have transferred 12 Officers and 338 men to the 2/4th Duke of Wellington’s Regiment. We are fast reducing to a cadre establishment and then I believe come home. J shall not be sorry! I have had a long spell - four complete years of war abroad feels to have been a long time. I believe I am veritably the last officer or man left with the Battalion who marched out of Holmfirth with F Company in 1914.”

His battalion returned to Tilbury on Saturday 3" May, 1919 and reached Huddersfield by train on the following Wednesday evening, around six o'clock. The people of Huddersfield gave the returning men a great welcome. The soldiers marched from the railway station along John William Street and New Street to the town hall where a reception of coffee and sandwiches was preceded

ons Regiment

by speeches. They were then given cigarettes from the Mayor's Cigarette Committee.

After the War, Keith Sykes became commander of the Holmfirth Company of the Duke of Regiment and 2"¢ in command of the 5" Battalion in 1928. In 1932 he took over command of the unit and in 1936 he was appointed Colonel. During the Second World War he was first commandant of the Holmfirth Area Home Guard.

Later in life Keith Sykes lived at The Mount, Far Banks, Honley, one-time home of Herbert Drake of the well- known family of millers and grocers in the village. Keith Sykes was also a director of the firms of Huddersfield Fine Worsteds Ltd and Joseph Sykes and Co. Ltd, Brockholes.

He was a Justice of the Peace, being chairman of the Holmfirth Bench. He was associated with many other local organisations and often employed former soldiers in his mill. He was unmarried, died on 5'* December, 1965, aged 77 years and was buried at St Andrew’s Church Thongsbridge. left, Keith Sykes below, the battalion at Huddersfield Station, 9'* May, 1919

Page 15

TO AND FROM THE FRONT

Christmas Gifts and Vlessages tlome

Princess Mary to members of the British, Colonial and Indian Armed Forces for Christmas 1914. Over 426,000 of these tins were distributed to those serving on Christmas Day 1914. The tins were filled with various items including tobacco, confectionery, spices, pencils, a Christmas card and a picture of the princess.

The idea was the initiative of Princess Mary, the 17-year- old daughter of King George V and Queen Mary. Princess Mary organised a public appeal which raised the funds to ensure that ‘every Sailor afloat and every Soldier at the front’ received a Christmas present.

Due to the strong public support for the gift, which Saw £162,591 12S 5d raised, the eligibility for the gift was widened to include every person ‘wearing the King’s uniform on Christmas Day 1914’, about 2,620,019 servicemen and women.

The Princess visited Holmfirth some years later, on 5° August, 1927, to lay the foundation stone of the Holme Valley Hospital extension. her husband, Viscount Lascelles, went on to Netherthong to open the British Legion Fete.

[rs decorative tin (bottom centre) was sent by

Honley soldiers were also sent ‘comforts’ from village committees. These might consist of tobacco and writing materials. Family members would often sent food such as cake or sweets to boost the soldiers’ morale.

The Field Service card (left and below left) was sent by Willie Newsome to his mother three days before he was killed. These cards allowed soldiers to send a quick message home while in the midst of battle. The soldier only had to delete as appropriate from a pre-printed set of messages - mainly about his health and whether he had received recent letters or parcels from home.

Like all other mail from the front, the cards were subject to censorship and if anything which could be useful to an enemy was written the cards were destroyed.

In contrast to the stark message of the Field Postcard, embroidered silk cards (bottom right) were much more reassuring and were made by local women and girls in France to be sold to the troops for a few francs each. It is estimated that some 10 million silk embroidered postcards were made and sent home.

This one was sent in 1914 by Albert Hobson to his mother in Honley.

Page 16

HONLEY AUXILIARY HOSPITAL

uring the first world war, there was pressure on hospital beds as the wounded returned from the front, particularly after the great battles of 1916 onwards. However, from the early months of war, Honley had a small convalescent home for wounded soldiers.

Initiated by Mrs Hilda Smailes, wife of one of the village doctors and Mrs Margaret Sykes, the home was located at Far Banks House and was open for patients from November 1914. Running costs were met by generous local subscription, often donated monthly. By 1916, an appeal for more finance was met with garden parties and concerts.

By late 1916, 153 soldiers had been nursed for a period of between one and six weeks. Medical care was in the hands of Dr Smailes and Dr Dyson, with Miss Mabel Jagger, daughter of Mary and Samuel Jagger, acting as honorary secretary. However, it was felt that something more substantial was needed as the wounded returning from the front increased in number. If they did not expand, the convalescent home would have to be merged with a military hospital.

A delegation from the local hospital committee in Honley, consisting of Margaret Sykes and Hilda Smailes, requested on 8" October, 1916 that Moorbottom Congregational Church permit the loan of premises “as a hospital for wounded soldiers”. The Sunday School building at Moorbottom was proposed for conversion, initially with 26 beds. At first the church trustees were unwilling, asking the delegation to make efforts to secure other premises. However, the church relented offering to loan the building if there was no alternative.

There were over 3,000 auxiliary hospitals across the United Kingdom administered by the Red Cross. In the Huddersfield area there were hospitals at a number of locations including Denby Dale, Durker Roods, Holmfirth, Kirkburton, Lepton, and Shepley. They were usually staffed by a matron, who directed the work of the nursing staff and members of the local Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD), who were trained in first aid and home nursing.

A public meeting was held in Honley on 15" October, 1916, addressed by Lt Col Marshall of the Royal Army Medical Corps. Before the meeting closed, £381 10s had been subscribed and Miss Emily Frances Siddon was appointed president of the Hospital Committee. A draft agreement was drawn up by the end of the month and after conversion being signed by Arthur Drake for the church and Miss Siddon for the Hospital Committee. The hospital was ready for opening just 18 days after the meeting.

The committee undertook to keep the building in good repair inside and outside during its occupation and to continue the insurance against fire and aircraft damage. They also undertook to restore the fixtures and fittings at the close of the war to the same condition as when they taken over or otherwise to the satisfaction of the trustees. In addition, they agreed to thoroughly clean, disinfect and paint where necessary, the school and classrooms so as to be safe and suitable for the resumption of Sunday School purposes. A full inventory was made of the items to be loaned to the hospital committee:- 40 forms, 20 chairs, 3 kitchen chairs, 1 expanding table, 6 tables, 1 armchair, 3 bowls, 4 large cups, 2 enamelled jugs, 2 large trays, 1 kitchen table

Dr John Richard Haigh Dyson, gave his services as medical officer and Phoebe Coldwell was appointed as sister- in-charge. Both were honoured after the war for their contribution, Dr Dyson with the MBE and Phoebe Coldwell with the Royal Red Cross Medal, 2" Class.. She lived at Berry Croft House, in Honley with her sister, Mary, and was a mature 50 years old when the hospital opened. The nurses included many younger women from local families, amongst them the three Mellor sisters from Hassocks, in Honley, Eva Eastwood and Lily Fisher.

upper left, the three Mellor sisters at Honley Auxiliary Hospital, Gertrude at the back, with twins Edith and Nellie wearing handkerchief style caps tied at the nape of the neck, a style that became associated with nurses in the Great War. lower left, the brooch awarded to Gertrude after the hospital closure.

Page 17

Local women were appointed to various positions, Mrs Sykes as commandant, Mrs Smailes and Miss Dyson as quartermasters. Miss Barter, daughter of the vicar of St Mary’s, was nurse-in-charge with members of the local Ambulance Society as assistants. Mabel Jagger retained her post as secretary.

Honley people donated goods in kind, Miss Hope a dinner gong and Miss Siddon a piano. Mrs Sylvester of Newsome gave 20 cushions. A donated billiard table and huge Union Flag filled the room. More practical items such as a doctor’s dressing table and a supply of clothing and bandages were also donated.

Beds were funded by various local organisations. These included the Brooke Lodge Bed and the St Mary Bed donated by William Bible class. St John’s VAD Honley Nursing Association presented a bed as did members of the Brockholes Church Women’s Bible Class, named the St George Bed. Two further beds, the Queen Mary Bed and the Queen Alexandra Bed were presented by the Honley Church Women’s Bible Class. The bed-plates can now be seen inside Trinity Church.

The opening on 1** November was performed by Lt Col Harold Holdich, son-in-law of William Brooke of Northgate Mount, Honley. He said that in the Huddersfield district there was difficulty in finding 500 beds in 1915, but by the opening of Honley Auxiliary Hospital, 1,060 beds were available in the locality for the reception of the wounded. The following day all 26 beds at Honley were occupied.

Colonel Reginald Rippon who later lived at Honley House and had the Rolls Royce dealership in Huddersfield, converted a number of Silver Ghost vehicles to ambulances to convey the patients from Huddersfield railway station to Honley and other convalescent hospitals in the district.

The less seriously injured were permitted to leave the hospital from time to time and could be seen in the streets of Honley over the next couple of years. Patients at an auxiliary hospital wore hospital blues, a distinctive uniform of a light blue jacket with light grey lapels and a red tie to distinguish them from non-combatants.

Many Sunday School teachers and some older pupils acted as ambulance orderlies and VAD nurses during the period. Others, like Eva Eastwood, who lived at Chapel Terrace and worked at Honley

above, Lily Fisher of Fisher Green, Honley, one of the nurses at HAH far left, the beds lined up inside the Sunday School room, with at least one patient visible left, two bed plates from the hospital

Page 18

above, several photographs were taken of convalescing servicemen and the nursing staff at Honley Auxiliary Hospital. This one from 17" Janaury, 1917 shows Nellie Holdroyd (4'" row left) Phoebe Coldwell (2" row left), Florence Newsome, (3rd row, centre) Mabel Jagger row centre) several nurses and one of the founders (front row centre). The brass plaque, with only the opening date can be seen on the railings at the rear left. It can now to be found inside Trinity Church with the closing date inscribed (inset),

Page 19

Laundry, gave their time after work. Another nurse was Lily Fisher, who was born in Primrose Hill but lived at Fisher Green, Honley. She had two brothers, John and Arthur and three sisters, Annie Cissy, Mary and Amy. Lily died in December 1921, aged just 34.

The Honley hospital treated 601 wounded or sick soldiers before closing. Patients at these hospitals were generally less seriously wounded than at other hospitals and needed only convalescence. The servicemen preferred the auxiliary hospitals to military hospitals because they were not so strict. Also, auxiliary hospitals were less crowded and the surroundings more homely.

A church service for the Honley hospital patients was conducted in the Sunday School, once every four weeks

(presumably on Sunday) between 7.30pm and 8.30pm. The Hospital Committee asked if spare land behind the school could be used by the patients as a garden, but this had already been given to the caretaker to grow vegetables and so the request was refused.

The hospital closed on 31** December, 1918 and was restored to its original role as a Sunday School. The church trustees wrote to the Hospital Committee to thank them for the condition in which it had been returned.

The staffwho had served in the hospital were each presented with a small oval brooch inscribed “For Services Rendered HAH 1916 - 1918” with the name of the recipient engraved on the reverse.

above, this photograph possibly taken in 1918 has presented us with a mystery. The medal- wearing visitor is Arthur Procter VC, with the remaining men wearing a variety of coats and caps, concealing hospital blues probably from Honley Auxiliary Hospital. Many of the women are wearing ‘sweetheart brooches or necklaces’, consisting of the regimental cap-badge of a loved one. Annie Newsome, mother of Fred and Willie, is seated in the centre with other bereaved women from Honley. We believe the women are back from I to r, Lily Heap, widow of Harold Heap, Emily Heap and Isabella Heap. At the front right is Lucy Eleanor (Nellie) Newsome, who was no relation to Annie. The Heaps lived at Upper Fold and Nellie Newsome at Marsh, both very close to Annie Newsome’s home in Lower Fold Honley. Further clarity about the occasion would be appreciated.

top, three soldiers at Honley Auxiliary Hospital. The reverse of the photograph is marked “To Miss Holdroyd with best wishes, Rifleman Robinson GH. 30" November, 1918”. middle and lower, two more groups of servicemen and staff outside Honley Auxiliary Hospital at Moorbottom, above left, a poetic explanation of the hospital suit. left, Moorbottom Sunday School building which was used for the auxiliary hospital.

Page 20

VOLUNTARY AID DETACHMENT

organisation providing field nursing services, mainly in hospitals or ambulance drivers and cooks. The majority of VADs, as the volunteers were called, worked in Britain although some were posted overseas with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France during the Great War.

The organisation was founded in 1909 with the help of the Red Cross and the Order of St. John. By the summer of 1914 there were over 2,500 Voluntary Aid Detachments in Britain. Two-thirds were women and girls. Each individual volunteer was called a detachment, or simply a VAD.

At the outbreak of the Great War, VADs offered their services to the war effort. Some went to France to drive ambulances with the wounded from the battlefield, while others remained in Britain to tend to the returning injured soldiers and sailors.

The British Red Cross was reluctant to allow civilian women a role in overseas hospitals. Most VADs were of the middle and upper classes and unaccustomed to hardship and traditional hospital discipline. Military authorities would not accept VADs at the front line.

There were several VADs in Honley but the VAD we know most about in Honley was Miss Ellen (Nellie) Holdroyd. She was 35 years old in 1914, the daughter of Harold and Sadie Holdroyd and brother of Harry, later a councillor in Honley.

Nellie volunteered at the Honley Auxiliary Hospital at Moorbottom along with several other Honley women and girls. The photograph shows Nellie in VAD uniform outside her home at Far Banks. She can also be seen at the hospital in the second back row of the main photograph on page 16.

ik Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) wasa voluntary

Page 21

VOLUNTEER TRAINING FORCE

spontaneously, mainly from the action taken by ex-officersand members of the old Volunteer Force in forming Volunteer Training Corps, entirely self-supporting and not recognised by the War Office. Units had to be financially self-supporting and members had to provide their own uniforms, which could not be khaki; the recommended colour was lovat green.

All members were required to wear a red arm band or brassard, bearing the letters “GR” for Georgius Rex. No weapons or equipment were provided, although local Territorial Army Associations were asked to supply a few dummy rifles intended for drill purposes. Membership of the Corps was only open to those who had genuine reasons for not enlisting in the regular armed forces.

The Volunteer Training Battalions became Volunteer Regiments in July 1915. In August 1916, the War Office decided to include them into the County Infantry Regiment system and they became numbered “Volunteer” battalions of their local regiment.

The Huddersfield and District Volunteer Corps No.13 (Honley) Platoon appears from the photograph (top right) to be made up of men of all ages, from smooth faced young men to bearded veterans. Without a weapon in sight, they appear to be relying on music to keep the enemy at bay. They are pictured outside Northgate House, at that time the home of George T Oldham, the Company Commander.

However, they did train for warfare. In March 1916, the Honley Platoon held a return shooting match against the Holmfirth Platoon at Moll Springs Rifle range. Each side had 13 men and each man fired ten rounds. The Honley men won the competition for the second time by the narrow margin of 1143 points to 1104.

But relaxation was also possible, for it was reported on 22™ May, 1915 that

the Honley Company held a smoker on Friday evening last week at the Primitive Methodist Schoolroom. Various items were contributed by Messrs A Robinson, H Holdroyd, G Borwell and B Kinder and recitations were given by members of

the company. Mr J E Goddard was the accompanist.

The Drum and Bugle Band of the Volunteers (bottom right) is almost certainly made up of young men, some of them below the age of military service. It is believed that the picture was taken in the garden of Springfield House at Far End, home at that time of Arnold Sugden.

'['s Volunteer movement of 1914-1919 seems to have appeared

Page 22

HONLEY and MELTHAM SPECIAL CONSTABLES

With so many young men off to war, the West Riding police force was severely depleted. An army of Special Constables was recruited to ensure that the streets of Honley and Meltham could be trouble-free. In Honley, under the watchful eye of Sergeant George Hanson, who lost his twin sons in the Great War, local men volunteered to play their part in this ad hoc force. This picture, taken in the garden next to Honley police station, shows many Honley and Meltham citizens including George Borwell (seated, second left) and Samuel Jagger (seated, third left) and Sergeant Hanson.

Page 23

LOEY ALSO SERVED

HORSESHOES FOR THE FRONT

Blacksmiths up and down the land rose to the demands of war by producing shoes for the thousands of horses involved in army work. Over the course of the war, Britain lost more than 484,000 horses, one horse for every two men. In just one day during 1916 for instance some 7,000 horses died at the Battle of Verdun. Here we see three Honley smiths in July 1916 turning out horseshoes by the score to be sent to the front.

Page 24

THEY WENT WITH SONGS TO THE BATTLE Commemorating Names on Honley War Memorial

7223 Pte John William ALLEN Age 39 Enlisted - 1*t Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment Died at home 3/1/1920 Buried in Honley Church Burial Ground 1/6/1920 Husband of Melinda Allen I

38205 L/Cpl Walter Percival BAILEY. Age 32 Enlisted in September, 1916 in Huddersfield 5" Battalion Green Howards. (Yorkshire Regiment) Killed in action 24/4/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 5 Left a widow and two children Lived at 16 Rock Terrace. Brockholes Member of Brockholes Bowling Club Attended New Mill Parish Church Employed at Taylor & Lodge, Rashcliffe Mills. Lockwood

240686 Pte Arthur BEAUMONT Age 27 Enlisted - 5th Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Died of wounds 19/2/1919 Honley Church Burial Ground. Plot 36. Grave 3931 Lived in Owen’s Terrace. Honley Son of George and Ada Beaumont, 74 Far Reins. Honley

333411 Pte John William BERRY Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 9" Battalion (Glasgow Highland) Light Infantry Went to France June 1917 Killed in action 25/9/1917 Tyne Cot Memorial Panel 131 to 132 Born in Huddersfield Son of John and Clara Berry, Owen’s Terrace, Honley Employed at Rock Mills, Brockholes Attended Woodroyd Methodist Chapel

47369 Pte Walter BOOTH Enlisted in Halifax 22™ Battalion (Tyne Scottish) Northumberland Fusiliers. Killed in action 21/3/1918 Arras Memorial. Bay 2 and 3 Born in Holmfirth

17772 Pte Dennis Allan BOOTHROYD Age 25 Enlisted in Honley 2° Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 12/10/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and face 6A and 6B Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Allan and Eliza Boothroyd. Lake Cottage 40 Thirstin Road, Honley Member of the choir Southgate Methodist Chapel

39006 Pte William R BOOTHROYD Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield at the age of 16 14" Battalion Machine Gun Corps Formerly 14401 Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Taken prisoner 21/9/1918 Died in Camp Stendal. Altmark. Germany. 29/1/1919 St Souplet British Cemetery. Plot1. Row E. Grave 31 Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Mr and Mrs Joe Boothroyd, 4 Townhead, Honley Employed as a grocer’s assistant at Honley Co-op

36657 L/Cpl William BOOTHROYD Age 29 Enlisted - 7" Battalion East Lancashire Regiment Died at home of Phthisis (tuberculosis) 29/1/1919 Honley Church Burial Ground. Plot 122. Grave 4529 Born in Golcar Son of Charles Henry and Sarah Boothroyd, Blackpool

32263 Pte George Harry BOWMAN Age 25 Enlisted in Halifax 25'" (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Killed in action 21/3/1918 Arras Memorial. Bay 2 and 3 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of John and Ellen Bowman 28 Cliffe Wood Terrace, Neiley, Honley

203005 L/Cpl Lister BRAY Age 25 Enlisted in Milnsbridge September, 1914 1/4" Battalion King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Formerly 2071 Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 9/10/1917 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 108 to 11 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Employed at Thomas Allen Thornton, Crossley Mills Honley Left a widow and one child Son of Mr and Mrs Thomas Jackson Bray Attended Woodroyd Methodist Chapel

B/201873 L/Cpl Norman BRAY Age 33 Enlisted in Huddersfield in January, 1917 1/8" Battalion London Regiment (Rifle Brigade) Formerly T/307972 Army Service Corps Died of wounds 25/7/1918 Pernois British Cemetery. Halloy-Les-Pernois. III. A. 10. Son of John and Martha Bray He lived with his sister at 15 Church Street, Honley Employed at Taylor & Lodge Rashcliffe Mills. Lockwood

21/271 Pte Willis BRAY Age 28 Enlisted in Huddersfield, December 1915 21* Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) Went to France July, 1916 Killed in action 27/3/1918 Mindel Trench British Cemetery. St Laurent-Blangy. D. 19. Employed by E Holdroyd and Sons, Joiners, Banks, Honley Attended Honley Parish Church

C/7244 L/Cpl Abraham CHAMBERS Age 22 Enlisted in Huddersfield on the 12/10/1915 “A” Coy. King’s Royal Rifle Corps Posted to 12" London Regiment. (The Rangers) Died of wounds at No 34 Casualty Clearing Station Daours 24/8/1918 Daours Communal Cemetery Extension. Plot 6 Row 23 Grave 23 Son of Seth and Clara Chambers. 18 Schofield Yard, Longroyd Lane, Huddersfield

Lt Fred CHARLESWORTH Age 41 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Gassed in April, 1917 Posted from the 8" Battalion to 2"4 8/2/1918 Died of wounds at home 1/2/1919 Son of the late Mr and Mrs Ralph Charlesworth, Brockholes Brockholes (St George’s) Churchyard. H. 31

42545 L/Cpl Henry Le Roy CHARLESWORTH Age 23 Enlisted in Huddersfield. September, 1916 1/5" Battalion South Staffordshire Regiment Killed in action 28/9/1918 Vis-En-Artois Memorial. Panel 6 and 7 Son of Wright and Constance May Charlesworth, Fisher Green, Honley He was head confectioner for A W Watterley Westgate, Huddersfield Treasurer for the St John’s Ambulance Brigade, Honley

29343 Air Mechanic 2™ Cl George Clifford CHEETHAM Age 21 45" Squadron Royal Air Force Died of Bronchial Pneumonia 8" and 42 Stationary Canadian Military Hospital. 8/10/1918 Charmes Military Cemetery. Essegney. I. C. 30 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of Edwin and Annie Cheetham, Brockholes Employed by Messes Mitchell & Sons, Brockholes Member of Brockholes Church choir

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4723 Pte Allen COWGILL. Age 23 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Died when a prisoner of war at Lager Grafenwohr, Bavaria, Germany. 24/9/1916 Niederzwehren Cemetery. Kassel. Germany. IV. H. 11. On the 5" Battalion Roll of Honour in Huddersfield Drill Hall

12634 Cpl George William CROSLAND Age 24 Enlisted in Huddersfield 9" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action whilst leading a bombing party 2/3/1916 Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Panel 20. Lived in Thirstin, Honley.

250760 Pte Edwin DAKIN Age 22 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/6" Battalion Durham Light Infantry Formerly 3849 Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 29/9/1918 Grand-Seraucourt British Cemetery. VII. D. 8. Armitage Bridge War Memorial Married Mabel Ford, 8 Dyson Hill, Honley Worsted reacher, John Brooke & Sons Ltd. Roll of Honour 1914-19

Captain Charles DYSON. “C” Coy. Age 36 He was acting as second in command 2/8" Battalion. (Leeds Riflesy West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) Killed in action at Bullecourt 6/4/1917 leading an advance Honourable Artillery Company Cemetery Ecoust-St Mein IV. B. 1. Son of Hiram and Ruth Dyson, Park Riding, Northgate, Honley Husband of Gwendoline Dyson (nee Barrington-Ward) Braeside, Crowborough. Managing Director of Messrs Joseph Despond and Sons Ltd, Milnsbridge

241557 Pte George EARNSHAW, Age 19 Enlisted September, 191 in Huddersfield 1/6 Battalion Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) Killed in action 14/4/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 6 Born in South Crosland, third son of Sam Earnshaw, Magdale by Messrs Eastwood Brothers, Thirstin Mill, Honle A member of William Brooke’s Bible Class at St Mary’s

J82270 (Dev) Ordinary Seaman Norman EARNSHAW Age 28 H M Drifter “Vanguard V” Killed in action 10/9/1918 Castletown Berehaven (St Finian’s) Cemetery, County Cork Mechanic, lived at 52 Scot Gate Honley

77928 Pte Joe FORD, Age 19 Enlisted in 1917 at the age of 18 in Halifax “Y” Company. 6" Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry Killed in action 9/4/1918 Ploegsteert Memorial. Panel 8 and 9 Roll of Honour at Llanllwchaiarn Church. Newtown. Wales, Son of William and the late Mary Ann Ford, 8 Dyson Hill. Honley Employed at Rock Mills, Brockholes as a hoist man

R/19777 Rifleman Archibald GILL Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield 16" Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 5/11/1916 Thiepval Memorial, Pier and Face 13A to 13B Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church

151078 Gunner John William GOLDTHORPE Age 22 Royal Garrison Artillery Died 19/2/1919 Honley Church Burial Ground. 61. 3639 Son of Albert and Sarah Goldthorpe, New Hagg Farm, Oldfield

241577 Pte John GREAVES Age 21 Enlisted in Honley 2/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Reported missing. Killed in action at Bullecourt 3/5/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 6 Lived in Thirstin Road. Honley Employed by Shaw Brothers. Larchfield Mills. Firth Street Huddersfield

2042 L/Cpl Ben HANSON Age 20 Enlisted in Honley 1/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action at Maily-Maillet 7/3/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B Son of George Henry and Lucy Hanson, Ebor House, Highfield Terrace, Honley (twin brother of Colin, below)

241556 Pte Colin HANSON, Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 2/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment. Reported missing Killed in action at Bullecourt 3/5/1917. Arras Memorial. Bay 6 On the 5" Battalion Roll of Honour. Huddersfield Drill Hall Born in Monk Bretton (twin brother of Ben, above) Their father was police sergeant in Honley

2/Lt Lewis HARKER Age 23 2nd Battalion King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Killed in action 1/10/1918 Killed by shell fire Bellicourt British Cemetery VII. A. 10 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of William Harker, lived at Cliffe Wood Terrace. Honley Attended Wooldale Council School and New Mill School Worked as a spinner at Moorhouse & Brooks Mills, New Mill Sister also lived in Cliffe Wood Terrace. Honley

36367 Pte Frank HARRIS Age 29 Enlisted in Honley. 8th Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Killed in action 1/2/1918 Philosophe British Cemetery Mazingarbe. III. B. 17 Born in Slad, Gloucestershire Husband of Ellen Ann Harris. (Nee Brook) Chapel Terrace, Honley Employed by Spencers & Co., Painters

205047 Pte Harold HEAP Age 30 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/4 Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 29/4/1918 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 82 to 85 and 162A Commemorated on Armitage Bridge War Memorial Married Lily Walker of Salford. Lockwood on the 12/8/1911 Lived at 16 Berry Row, Berry Brow

71775 Pte Albert HEELEY Age 19 Enlisted in Halifax uth Battalion Sherwood Foresters. (Notts and Derby Regt) Killed in action 16/9/1917 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 82 to 85 and 162A Also on the Netherton War Memorial Son of John William and Laura Heeley, 10 Church Street, Honley

241910 Pte Harold HINCHLIFFE Age 28 Brother of Lewis (below) Enlisted in Huddersfield 2/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Died of wounds received in the battle for Bullecourt 4/5/1917 Achiet-Le-Grand Communal Cemetery Extention I. E. 24 Sons of Alfred and Annie Hinchliffe 10 Southgate, Honley

29/838 Pte Joe HINCHLIFFE. Age 38 33 (Tyneside Scottish) Batt Northumberland Fusiliers Died of sickness at Home 15/8/1915 Honley Church Burial Ground. Plot 61. Grave 37n1. Son of Mrs Clara Hinchliffe. Lane Head Hill, Honley

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41529 Drummer Lewis HINCHLIFFE Age 25 Brother of Harold (above) Enlisted in Halifax I Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) Killed in action 9/10/1917 Dochy Farm New British Cemetery I. E. 28 Sons of Alfred and Annie Hinchliffe 10 Southgate, Honley Father was a tailor. He had his own business as painter and decorator and played in Honley Band. He had been recently married

0505 Pte Ben Allan HIRST Age 20 1* Battalion Hampshire Regiment. “D” Coy Died of wounds at home 17/3/1920 Honley Church Burial Ground 37. 1442 Son of Mary Ethel and the late Thomas Hirst, Owens Terrace, Honley

5/24136 Pte Fred HIRST Age 19 Enlisted in Huddersfield, 1916 1/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 3/9/1916 Connaught Cemetery Thiepval. I. C. 26 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of Sarah Ann Hirst, 55 Station Road, Brockholes

50168 Pte Thomas Temple HIRST Age 36 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/7 Battalion King’s Liverpool Regiment Died of wounds at Casualty Clearing Station No 18. 11/4/1918 Lapugnoy Military Cemetery. VI. C. 12 Son of John and Elizabeth Hirst, Honley Married Julia Leach 1910, 420 Blackmoorfoot Road

44691 Pte Lewis HOBSON Age 29 5" Provisional Coy. 1% Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers. Died of wounds 7/7/1921 Honley Church Burial Ground. 32. 1909 Son of Woodhouse and Leah Hobson, 10 Co-operative Terrace, Honley

35937 Pte Frank HOLMES Age 28 Enlisted in Huddersfield 21* (Tyneside Scottish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Killed in action 5/6/1917 Arras Memorial Bay 2 and 3 Wife and child lived at 148 Almondbury Bank, Huddersfield Employed as a presser at Rock Mills, Brockholes

24748 Pte John HUTCHINSON Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 8'* Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 9/10/1917, after attacking Poelcappelle. He was one of three killed in the Battalion that day. Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 82 to 85 and 162A Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Grandage and Emily Hutchinson, Chapel Terrace, Honley Employed as a twister in at Rock Mills. Brockholes

301908 Pte George Stanley ILLINGWORTH Age 24. Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/8" Battalion Durham Light Infantry Died of wounds 7/5/1917 at Seymour Park Hospital Old Trafford Brockholes (St George’s) Churchyard. E. 42 (East of Church) Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of George Henry and Polly Illingworth, Oak Dene Brockholes Employed by T A Thornton, Crossley Mills. Honley.

12391 Pte John Herbert JAGGER. Age 27 Enlisted in Huddersfield 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 1/7/1916 by a bomb in the 4" German line Thiepval Memorial. Pier and face 6A and 6B. Commemorated on Armitage Bridge War Memorial. 44. Off Chapel Street. Berry Brow

23797 Pte David KAYE Age 36 Enlisted in Huddersfield 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Formerly 29006 Northumberland Fusiliers Killed in action 12/10/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B Also on Netherton War Memorial

301793 Pte Harold KAYE Age 23 Enlisted in Huddersfield on the 8/6/1916 1/8 Battalion Durham Light Infantry Reported missing 23/6/1916 Killed in action 5/11/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and face 14A and 15C Roll of Honour New Mill Working Mens Club. Educated at New Mill National School and attended New Mill Church Employed asaspinner. Rayner, New Mill Born in New Mill, son of Frank Kaye, Married Edith May Kaye. (nee Boothroyd) New Street. Honley, one daughter

7328 L/Cpl Fred KINDER Age 25 Enlisted in Hudderfield 2™ Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps He was wounded in the attack on Wood Lane Died of wounds 10/9/1916 Flatiron Copes Cemetery. Mametz. Sp Memorial 12 Son of Mr and Mrs Nathan Kinder A member of Honley Church Choir Played cricket for Honley 2" XI

241369 Pte Willie LAWTON Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/5 Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 3/9/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and face 6A and 6B Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Native of Holmfirth Lived at Woodland View. Brockholes In 1911 lived at 41 Rose Terrace, Brockholes Son of Mr and Mrs S Lawton. 15 Syringa Street, Marsh, Huddersfield

Employed as an assistant Carding Engineer

7667 Rifleman Willie LINDLEY Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield 10° Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 30/11/1917 Cambrai Memorial. Louverval. Panel 9 Son of Joe Lindley, 1 Bright’s Buildings, Neiley. Honley Employed by Gledhill & Roberts, Bridge Bobbin Works, Honley

23189 Pte Ben LITTLEWOOD Age 31 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/7 Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 12/4/1918 Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery. Souchez. XX. C. 11 Worked for B Vickerman & Sons Ltd. Thongsbridge

307644 L/Cpl Cyril Rhodes MELLOR Age 18 Enlisted in Halifax : 1/7" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 4/7/1918 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panels 82 to 85 and 162A Born and lived in Honley

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J/61859 (PO) Harold MESSENGER Age 21 Enlisted November, 1916 - Royal Navy HM S HMS Victory 1. (a holding establishment base in Portansouth) Came home on leave 16/12/1916 died of meningitis 20/12/1916 Honley Church Burial Ground. 62. 550 Son of John A and Annie Messenger, 6, Co-operative Terrace. Honley Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Employed by Refuge Assurance Society, Huddersfield as a clerk. Attended Moorbottom Congregational Church and was a keen cricketer

122953 Gunner George William MICKLETHWAITE Age 37 19" Forth Fire Command. Royal Garrison Artillery Died of wounds at home 20/11/1918 Honley Church Burial Ground. 122. 4622 Husband of Alice Ann Micklethwaite Marsh Honley son of John Beaumont Micklethwaite and Polly (Jordan).

2.03123 Pte Ben MOORHOUSE. Age 23 Enlisted in Huddersfield 13th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment. Died in Hospital at Birmingham of Trench Fever. 30/4/1918 Hepworth Methodist Chapelyard. F26 Formerly 5528. Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Lived at Hall Ing Farm Employed at Moorhouse & Rawlinson. Holmfirth

38625 Pte Bertram Cyril MOSLEY. Age 27 Enlisted in Huddersfield 8th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment Killed in action 28/8/1917 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 125 to 128 Born in Shepley Lived in Thirstin Road. Honley Husband of Jesstina Mosley (Nee Jackson) 2 Chapel Street, Monk Bretton, Barnsley Married on 21/2/1914 Employed by C H Marshall Solicitors, 38 Huddersfield Road, Holmfirth

11595 Pte Archie MUNRO Age 19, brother of William (below) 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment. Enlisted with his brother in adderstield on 5" September, 1914 9"" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment. Left for France in August, 1915. After suffering from shell shock, he was transferred to 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment on 1 July, 1916. Killed in action 12/10/1916. Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B. Employed by Messrs Josiah France. Ltd, Queen’s Square Mills. Honley

11596 Pte William MUNRO Age 27, brother of Archie (above) Enlisted in Huddersfield on 5" September, 1914 10" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, Left for France in August, 1915 Reported missing in action 29/07/1915 Killed in action 30/7/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B Born in Hawick, son of Daniel and Jane Munro. Steps Cottage, Magdale Employed in the warehouse of Messrs Joseph France. Ltd. Queen's Square Mills, Honley

52543 Pte Brian Colthurst NEWELL Age 27 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1* Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment, (Prince of Wales’ Own) Formerly 31935 Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 17/9/1918 Chapelle British Cemetery. Holnon. II. A. 4. Son of the late James and Dorothy Newell Married Florence Green of Thongsbridge on 27/9/1913 6 Marsh Platt Honley

B/203225 Rifleman Fred NEWSOME “C’” Coy. Age 23 Enlisted in Huddersfield, 13th Battalion. Rifle Brigade. “C” Coy Formerly C/7672 King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 12/10/1916 Marco British Cemetery, Grenay. I. E. Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of the late George and Annie Newsome, 7 Lower Fold, Honley. Brother of Willie (below)

C/7671 Rifleman Willie NEWSOME Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield 18" Battalion. The King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 16/9/1916. Gunshot wound to the head Heilly Station Cemetery. Mericourt-L’Abbe. IV. D. 52. Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of the late George and Annie Newsome 7 Lower Fold. Honley. Brother of Fred (above) - see page 6

42570 Pte Arthur NOBLE. Age 29 Enlisted in Halifax 1915 2" Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) Went to France 20/5/1917 Killed in action 22/6/1917 Menin Road South Military Cemetery. I. S. 18 Native of Wood Nook. Meltham Son of Mr and Mrs Alfred Noble, Farmer, Wood Nook Husband of Hannah (Nee Turner) 8 Park Terrace, Upperthong Previously lived with Hannah and their sons, Frank and Jim, at Wood Royd, Honley Employed by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company at Brockholes Station

302105 Pte Eli NORTH Age 41 2/7 Battalion Royal Scots Died of wounds 29/8/1917 Honley Church Burial Ground. 1/9/1917 Born in Honley, son of Joe and Alice North Husband of Frances North, 33 New Street, Honley

155410 Pte Ernest NORTH Age 19 Enlisted in Huddersfield 5" Battalion Machine Gun Corps. (Infantry) Killed in action 27/9/1918 Sunken Road Cemetery. Villers-Plouich. A. 35 Son of Mr and Mrs William North, 18, Sunny Woodhouse. Honley Employed as a plaster by Edgar S Jessop, New Mill Road, Honley

62457 Gunner Henry PARKIN Age 24 Enlisted November 1915, Royal Field Artillery Longueval Road Cemetery. F. 3. Killed in action 15/10/1916 Son of Joe and Helen Parkin. Magdale. Honley (see below)

202700 Gunner Albert PARKIN. Age 28. Enlisted in Huddersfield ‘A’ Battery. 307" Brigade. Formerly R/19776 King’s Royal Rifles Killed in action 10/5/1918 Vielle-Chapelle New Military Cemetery. Lacouture. VII. E. 3. Son of Joe and Helen Parkin. Magdale. Honley

R/19775 Rifleman Lewis PEARSON Age 30 Enlisted in Huddersfield 7" Battalion King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 12/10/1917 Tyne Cot Memorial. Panels 82 to 85 and 162A. Son of Wilson and Ann Pearson, 25 Moorbottom Row, Honley

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35067 Pte Sam POOLE Age 39 12" Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment Enlisted August, 1915 Died of wounds at home 14/5/1919 Honley Church Burial Ground. 62. 3397 Born in Bradley Mills. Huddersfield Son of Ann Poole, 18 Upper Fold, Honley

241918 Pte Arthur QUARMBY Age 27 Enlisted in Holmfirth April, 1916 Battalion Duke of Wellington’ Regiment and left for France January, 1917 Killed in action by a sniper at the Battle of Cambrai 20/11/1917 Hermies Hill British Cemetery. SP Memorial. A. 12. Son of the late Mr and Mrs Charles Quarmby, Honley Lived with his sister Martha and brother-in-law John Richard Fawcett, 21 Oldfield, Honley Employed in the finishing department by Messrs Thomas Dyson and Sons. Deanhouse Mills Attended Honley Church and Sunday school Member of Honley Wesleyan Cricket Club.

18145 L/Sgt Albert Victor ROBINSON Age 21 Enlisted in Halifax 2° Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Died of Wounds 30/3/1918 Etaples Military Cemetery. XXXIII. A. un. Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Second son of Mr Albert Robinson, Hill Crest, Honley Attended Almondbury Grammar School

Employed by his father at Smithy Place Mills. Brockholes.

138785 Pte Harold ROLLIN Age 19 Enlisted in Huddersfield 3"! Battalion, Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) Formerly 59512 Durham Light Infantry Killed in action 24/10/1918 Awoingt British Cemetery. I. E. 23 Son of Henry Emsley Rollin, The Temperance Hotel, Hope Bank Pleasure Grounds, Honley

307830 Pte Thomas ROLLINSON Age 30 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/7" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Went to France 15" July, 1915 Died of wounds 24/2/1918 Menin Road South Military Cemetery. III. H. 30 Son of Cand S E Rollinson, Honley Married Mary Dransfield in 1910, 1 Oldfield Buildings Honley

17/850 Pte James SALLIS. Age 19 Enlisted in Leeds 17 Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) Killed in action 25/8/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 2A 2C and 2D Commemorated on Armitage Bridge War Memorial Son of Bessie Sallis and the late James Sallis, 4 Dean Wood End, Berry Brow

240809 Pte Norman SCHOFIELD. Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield Battalion Duke of Regiment Killed in action 20/11/1917. In France from late January Hermies Hill British Cemetery. Sp Memorial. A. u Son of John Arthur and Edith Schofield, 41 Berry Croft, Honley

SS/105406 Stoker ist Class.George E SELLENS Age 28 Royal Navy. H M S Cressy Killed in action 22/9/1914, Chatham Naval Memorial. 5 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of James Walter Sellens, 8 Smithy Place, Brockholes

242354 Pte Fred SHAW. Age 19 Enlisted in Huddersfield 12" Battalion East Surrey Regiment Killed in action 2/8/1917 Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial. Panel 34 Son of Sarah Ann Shaw and the late William Shaw, 10 Town Head, Honley Employed as a fettler at Thomas Dyson & Sons. Deanhouse

41056 Pte Joe SHAW Age 23 Enlisted in 1916 in Huddersfield 19" Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers Killed in action 28/3/1918 Pozieres Memorial. Panel 16 to 18 Son of Mrs Edna Shaw, 6 Burhouse Street, Honley Employed at Rock Mills, Brockholes

97979 Pte Willie SHAW Enlisted in July, 1917 in Huddersfield 2™ Battalion Sherwood Foresters (Notts &Derby) Killed in action 23/3/1918 Arras Memorial Bay 7 Son of the late Mary Elizabeth Shaw Lived with his grandmother Mrs Mary Ann Shaw, 9 Swift Fold, Honley Employed by Alan Thornton & Sons, Honley

219467 Gunner Thomas Edward SHEFFIELD Age 41 Enlisted in Honley Royal Field Artillery Killed in action 17/5/1918. (died of heatstroke) Kirkee 1914-1918 Memorial. Maharashtra, India Face 2 Son of Edward and Jane Sheffield. 39 Reins Terrace. Honley Employed by Eastwood Brothers, Thirstin, Honley

32512 Pte Beaumont SMITH Age 36 Enlisted in Halifax 9" Battalion (Transport Section) West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own) Died of illness 5/2/1917. (newspaper report said died of wounds) Abbeville Communal Cemetery Extension. II. A. 26. Born in Almondbury Son of Joe and Emma Smith 25 Lockwood's Buildings (Station Road), Honley Employed as a stone mason by Allen Hirst, Honley

12860 Sgt Roy Thornton STOCKS Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield 10" Battalion York & Lancaster Regiment Killed in action 16/9/1915 Loos Memorial. Panel 105 to 106 Son of Mr H T Stocks. Bradshaw Road. Honley, owner of Messers Stocks & Mallinson, Upperhead Mills, Huddersfield Employed as a cloth cutter by Samuel Taylor. Huddersfield

Lt Eric Turner SYKES Age 22 2/5‘ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment) Killed in action at Bullecort 3/5/1917 Born ist June, 1894 Bailleul Road East Cemetery. St Laurent-Blangy. II. D. 22. Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of James Sykes, Solicitor, Dungarth, Southgate Honley

].62485 (Dev) Ordinary Seaman Harold SYKES Age 21 H M S Candytuff Died 24/9/1917 Plymouth Naval Memorial Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Mrs T H Sykes 36 Ballroyd Road, Fartown Lived in Fisher Green House Honley in 19

11342 Pte Tom SYKES Age 30 Enlisted in Huddersfield 2™ Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Died of gunshot wounds 22/4/1917 in hospital at Fraboe Etaples Military Cemetery. XIX. F. 7. Lived in Honley

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68450 Gunner Fred SWIFT Age 26 Enlisted in Huddersfield. 232"4 Siege Battery. Royal Garrison Artillery Killed in action 2/9/1918. Foucaucourt Communal Cemetery. South West Corner. Son of John Edward and Ellen Swift 24 Westgate. Honley

25415 Cpl Harry TAYLOR Age 25 Enlisted in Leeds 10'" Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment. (Prince of Wales Own) I Killed in action 30/3/1918 Bouzincourt Ridge Cemetery, Albert. I. B. 22 Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Joseph and Mary Ann Taylor, 26 Westgate, Honley

23602 Pte Fred TINKER Age 34 Enlisted in Huddersfield 9" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action near Arras 25/4/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 6. Lived at Reins in 1911

2™/Lt John TOWNSEND Age 23 a oe West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales Own Killed in action 14/7/1916 at Bazentin Le Grand Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 2. A. 2 and 2. D. Son of David Frederick and Mary Hannah Townsend Bradshaw Road. Honley Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Attended Honley National School and Huddersfield College High Grade School. Then Sheffield University where he graduated B.A. He had a long connection with High Street Chapel

38512 Pte Ernest TYAS Age 29 Enlisted in Huddersfield 10" oe West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’ Own Killed in action. Shot by a sniper in no man’s land 14/4/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 4 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial Son of the late William and Ann Tyas. 6. Smithy Place, Brockholes

C/7654 Rifleman Horace WAITE Age 21 Enlisted in Huddersfield 18" Battalion. King’s Royal Rifle Corps Killed in action 15/9/1916 Thiepval Memorial Pier and Face 13A and 13B Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Luther and Lizzie Waite Moorcroft. Honley He was co-secretary of Moorbottom Sunday School

1882 Pte Reggie WALKER Age 23 Enlisted in Honley 2™4 Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, Formerly 8678 North Staffs Regiment Killed in action 1/7/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B Son of Joseph and Mary A Walker, Fisher Green. Honley

45554 Pte Norman WARING Age 19 Enlisted in Huddersfield, July 1916 Durham Light Infantry 20" (Tyneside Irish) Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers. Killed in action 2/4/1917 Ste Catherine British Cemetery. A. 19 Son of George and Ann Waring. Council Terrace. Honley Lived at 18 Low Road. Honley

270304 Pte Charles Arthur WEBB Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/9" Battalion Royal Scots Killed in action 1/8/1918 Raperie British Cemetery, Villemonoire. II. E. 6 Commemorated on Brockholes War Memorial

241640 Pte Joseph WHITEHEAD Age 23 Enlisted in April 1915 in Huddersfield. 15" Battalion Highland Light Infantry Killed in action 26/8/1918 Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery. XIV. F. 9 Son of the late Shaw and Sarah Eliza Whitehead, 1 Scotgate, Honley

14534 Pte Fred Douglas WOOD Age 25 Enlisted in Huddersfield 10" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 29/7/1916 Thiepval Memorial, Pier and Face 6A and 6B Son of Fred and Therese Christine Wood, 12 Council Terrace, Honley

Some Names not on tlonley War Memorial

201141 L/Cpl James William BRICKLEBANK Age 20 2" battalion Yorkshire Regiment Died 31/08/1918, wounded in action close to Hamblain-les-Pres Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension east of St Pol IV. G. 47. Son of John and Marta Bricklebank, 133 Glebe Road Middlesbrough Born in Honley, moved to Middlesbrough in 1902

2916 Pte Ernest Raymond KNAPTON Age 20 Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/5" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action near Fleurbaix on 15/5/1915 Rue-David Military Cemetery. Fleurbaix Remembered on family grave in Honley burial ground Son of Albert and Agnes Knapton 3 Bank Terrace. Armitage Bridge

242101. Pte Clement MELLOR Enlisted in Huddersfield 1/5"" Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 3/9/1916 Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face 6A and 6B. Born in Honley

242016 Pte Ernest SHAW Enlisted in Huddersfield 2/5'" Battalion. Duke of Wellington’s Regiment Killed in action 3/5/1917 Arras Memorial. Bay 6. Lived in Honley

M2/176022 L/Cpl Frank SHERRATT Age 26 701" Coy. Army Servies Corps Enlisted in Huddersfield Died of wounds 18/8/1916 Barlin Communal Cemetery Exension. I. C. 26. Remembered on family grave Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Son of Frederick and Ada Sherratt, Honley

31738 Sapper Luke WHITEHEAD Age 33 235" Army Troops Coy. Royal Engineers Killed in action 20/8/1917 Birr Cross Roads Cemetery. III. D. 2. Commemorated on a brass plaque in Trinity Church Also on Netherton War memorial Husband of Emma Whitehead. Station Road. Netherton

31251 Pte Sam WIMPENNY Age 31 Enlisted in Hddersfield 2™¢ Battalion Duke of Welington’s Regiment Killed in action 10/10/1917 ‘Tyne Cot Memorial. Panel 82 to 85 and 162A. Remembered on family grave in Honley Burial ground Son of Tom Wimpenny

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CHURCH AND CHAPEL WAR MEMORIALS

whose lives had been lost in the service of their country.

At High Street Chapel, the Methodists held a special service on Sunday 1" January, 1920, when a decorative brass plaque was dedicated. The following week, the Holmfirth Express reported the event (see right). Moorbottom Congregational Church sent 42 young men to the Great War from amongst their number. Five of those lost their lives including Horace Waite, the co-secretary of the Sunday School. Horace is pictured in the group of young men from Honley on page five and is remembered on a brass plaque which can still be seen inside Trinity Church. The plaque was at first erected in the family pew, but then moved and grouped in the church with other plaques commemorating war dead.

‘| non-conformist churches in the village were keen to record the members of each congregation

far left, plaque from High Street Chapel upper left, plaque from Moorbottom Chapel lower left, plaque for Horace Waite

Page 31

ERIC ‘TURNER SYKES

ric Sykes was the son of James Sykes, solicitor, of Dungarth, Southgate, Honley, a founder of Armitage Sykes, Solicitors of Huddersfield. His mother was Emma Amelia Turner and he was born onst October, 1894 in Magdale. He attended the Leys School Cambridge in 1908 at the age of 14. He won the School Leaving Scholarship which he subsequently turned down in favour of someone less fortunate.

On leaving school, Eric Sykes entered Gonville and Caius College, University of Cambridge, in October, 1913 where he read History. In 1914, he joined the University Officer Training Corps and then gained a commission in the Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment) as a second lieutenant on November that year. He went on to be promoted to temporary Captain in 1916.

After being invalided back to Britain in September, 1916, he returned to France in March 1917, once again as lieutenant. The 2/5" Battalion war diary records that just before 3.45am on 3" May, 1917, the battalion moved forward to attack the Hindenburg Line, west of Bullecourt during the Battle of Arras. Although the infantry assault had been planned for 20" April, it was delayed a number of times and finally set for the early morning of 3" May. Eric Sykes’ company and others suffered from heavy shell, rifle and machine gun fire and just after dawn he was reported missing along with several of his fellow officers and men. He was recorded as killed in action.

Edgar Sheard, who began work at Armitage Sykes in 1916 as a junior clerk, wrote in his history of the firm:

The first matter I remember was the loss of Mr. Sykes’ eldest son in the terrible casualties of the battle of the Somme. The dreadful news of the death of Eric T: Sykes came to Mr. James Sykes at the office one afternoon. I knew Mr. Sykes and Eric from my days at Moorbottom Congregational Chapel and Sunday School and, although I was only 15 years old my sympathy went out to Mr. James Sykes and the family. Eric was, I believe, a brilliant young man with a splendid career before him, but, like thousands of others, the very flower of British manhood, he had to die.

James Sykes died in Eastbourne shortly after the war, on 3% February, 1921, at the age of 55, having never got over the death of his son.

LAURENCE LUPTON LITTLEWOOD

aurence Littlewood was living with his parents at Newtown House, Honley |: the time of his war service and he enrolled in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve prior to being old enough to join up. He worked for his father, John, as a motor mechanic at the family garage. John Anthony Littlewood had previously been an electrical engineer who had branched out into the new-fangled horseless carriage. Laurence’s grandfather was Lupton Littlewood, a well known Honley woollen manufacturer and member of the Local Board.

In 1916, when he was old enough, Laurence signed on at Newcastle and was sent for training to HMS Hermione in Southampton, where his engineer training came in useful. His engagement was for the duration as required. HMS Hermione was an eight gun twin-screw cruiser launched at Devonport in 1893 and at the outbreak of World War I became guard ship at Southampton. From December 1916 until December 1919, she became HQ Ship there for motor launches and coastal motor boats (minesweepers).

After training, as a skilled man, he was posted to Osea island in the estuary of the River Blackwater, Essex, to a newly completed complex of maintenance workshops to take up work as a Petty Officer in motor boats.

Osea Island was a base for Coastal Motor Torpedo Boats during World War I, with 2,000 sailors billeted there, mainly in temporary huts which were removed after the war.

Although he did not qualify for the Victory in Europe Medal as he technically didn't serve abroad, Laurence was awarded the 1914-18 War Medal. He later held a long service medal for the special constabulary and was a member of the Royal Observer Corps for the duration of the Second World War.

After the war, he lived in Long Lane, Honley before moving back to Newtown House and the garage business after the death of his father.

far left, the grave of Eric Turner Sykes left, Laurence Lupton Littlwood in naval uniform.

Page 33

PEAGE DAY IF" JULY, 1919

he war did not officially end on nu‘ November, 1918, the treaty negotiations at Versailles continuing into the following year. The signing of peace at the end of June i919 meant that a national celebration could be arranged for 19" July.

Thousands turned out to salute the returning troops as they marched through Trafalgar Square, in London. Nearly 15,000 troops took part in the march, led by the victorious Allied commanders. A concert was held in Green Park and a choir of 10,000 voices joined with the massed bands of the Brigade of Guards, in Hyde Park. The King and Queen paid a surprise visit during the afternoon.

The Honley Peace Day was one of mixed emotions for the villagers. Pleasure at the end of the war was tinged with the inevitable sadness of the number of young men who had been lost in conflict. Added to this was the feeling that enough military strength had been demonstrated over the past five years.

However, the village folks never missed an opportunity to celebrate. Banners were erected over Church Street and Market Place and bunting was strung across Westgate. An effigy of the Kaiser was placed over Ernest Dodson’s Allied Hotel in Church Street, to the amusement of passers-by.

Honleyers assembled in Market Place and walked through the streets of the village no doubt in common with citizens in many towns and cities across Britain. The happy parade then set off down ‘the gate’ to Honley Bridge. The natural destination for many would have been Hope Bank Pleasure Grounds, where entertainment awaited them.

The National Association of Discharged Sailorsand Soldiers, Comrades of the Great War and the National Federation of Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers were all established by the end of 1917. They unified to represent and support all ex-Servicemen in May 1921. They, too, helda celebratory walk through the village on 16" August, 1919.

opposite, banners and bunting in Church Street for Peace Day top right. the celebration parade at Honley Bridge bottom right, Westgate was also decorated for the occasion

Page 35

PEACE DAY in HONLEY

opposite page, an archway was built over Marsh at Market Place in this early morning view on Peace Day before the crowds assembled to walk to the new War Memorial. Children take the opportunity to pose for their photograph.

right, Allied Hotel licencee, Ernest Dodson, displayed his patriotism outside his premises in Church Street.

far right, the sun has come out for the crowds, as they gather in their Sunday-best outfits in Market Place. Among those in the assembly are nurses from Honley Auxiliary Hospital.

below right, we can recognise two people in the crowd, Samuel Jagger and Lt Laurence Littlewood, as they join Honley Band, members of the UDC and others in the singing in Market Place, accompanied by Honley Band.

below left, a third view of the same location at Market Place with more _ military representatives in evidence. The speeches are holding the crowd's interest, with one soldier even saluting.

Page 37

HONLEY WAR MEMORIAL Unveiled 2" April, 1921

ike hundreds of communities up and down the country, Honley set about [exes a memorial to the fallen of the Great War. The location selected was in some ways not the obvious, somewhere central in the village. Rather, the quiet solitude of the cemetery at Green Cliff was chosen, with the white granite obelisk being placed near the entrance.

On the day of unveiling, large crowds gathered in the traditional meeting place of Towngate at 2.30 pm, before processing up Church Street to the cemetery. There, one of thevillage’s leading military gentlemen, Lt Col Clement Armitage performed the ceremony with the foremost citizens of the village also taking part. Relatives of those commemorated joined in the unveiling ceremony with local councillors, Guardians and representatives of the many public bodies in the village and, as can be seen from the accompanying photographs, hundreds of villagers.

The organisation of the procession was in the hands of George Borwell, the village headmaster. The accompanying newspaper report reveals details of the ceremony. Remembrance Sunday each year sees a service at the war memorial.

above, the War Memorial is unveiled by Lt Col Clement Armitage opposite left, the procession moves off from Market Place to the new War Memorial, (inset) the order of the procession and the hymns to be sung.

Brooke, of Northgate Mount.

Unveiling Ceremony Performed by Lt Col Armitage

On Saturday a memorial was unveiled in Honley in memory of those who fell during the war.

A procession was formed in Honley Towngate which proceeded to the cemetery in the following order - Honley Band, the combined choirs of the various churches, the vicar and ministers of the United Methodist, Primitive Methodist, Wesleyan and Congregational Churches; the chairman of the Council, Mr. G. T Oldham and Lt Col Armitage, members of the Council, Guardians, former VAD nurses, and other public bodies, relatives of these commemorated, the general public. The procession went to the cemetery, at the entrance of which the monument, an obelisk of white granite, has been erected.

Mr G, T. Oldham presided over the ceremony. The hymn “O God our help in ages past” was sung, with Mr Norman Hinchliffe conducting the singing. Prayer was offered by the Rev G. W. Gervis, after which Mr Oldham called upon Lt Col Armitage to unveil the memorial.

Lt Col. Armitage, after unveiling the memorial, said that he was honoured to being asked by Honley to perform such a duty. Many of those present had lost loved ones in the Great War and they were now paying tribute to the heroic sacrifice and suffering they went through for the sake of those at home. Only those who had been out there could realise what men did go through during that awful time and the will and power of endurance of those at the front were strengthened by the prayers of those left behind. No memorial in stone was really necessary to commemorate them, for their deeds had made history and as it said at foot of the monument, “Their name liveth for evermore’ For them and their children the memorial would be a reminder of the debts to those who fell. It should serve to make them work for the principle for which the lads fought — the triumph of right over wrong. Especially was it necessary to remember those things during the present times of reconstruction and industrial depression following the devastating effects of war.

For them, their duty was clear - to work together wholeheartedly to try to make England and the great empire better and nobler and worthy of the men they honoured that day. By doing so a memorial would be built, better than any of stone and all would feel those who died for them had not made the supreme sacrifice in vain.

The Rev. A Kerr, vicar of Honley, then dedicated the memorial. Mr. G. T. Oldham expressed the gratitude of the committee to those who had contributed to the memorial and to Col. Armitage for unveiling it.

Miss Siddon said that Honley was grateful to Col. Armitage for his services in unveiling the memorial to his brother soldiers. They ought to thank God for their brave soldiers, for those whose names were engraved not only on the memorial but in their hearts.

Alderman 8. Jagger said that the memory of the lads who fell should be kept fresh in the minds of the young people. Every Armistice Day, it would be a good plan for teachers and elder scholars to bring a wreath to the memorial. He was glad there were so many ex-service men present. They must not be neglected. He was glad Col. Armitage had been chosen to unveil the memorial as his family had been known in Honley for 600 years.

The National Anthem was then sung and the “Last Post” sounded by Bugler F. Peace.

Wreaths were sent by Miss Siddon. Mrs. Oswald Sykes (late commandant of the Honley Military Hospital), Honley Council, Discharged Soldiers and Sailors, the Women Unionists and other public bodies. The rest were from relatives and friends of the fallen.

The Monument is a handsome one bearing the inscription: - Sacred to the memory of our noble dead who gave their lives in the cause of freedom during the great war. 1914-1919. Their name liveth for evermore: Then follow 90 names. The monument has cost about £500 raised entirely by voluntary subscriptions. The first £200 was given by the late Mr. William

rr lL rr lc lc rr — “= ee 2s

Page 38

CHARLES CLEMENT ARMITAGE

tligh Royd, tlonley

he Armitage family has had connections with Honley since the Charles I Clement Armitage, the second son of Charles Ingham Armitage and his wife Jane Elizabeth, of High Royd, Northgate, Honley, was born on 12'" December, 1881 and baptised on 21* January, 1882 at St John the Evangelist in Huddersfield.

Known as Clement, he joined the Army as a second lieutenant on 6" January, 1900 and saw service in the Second Boer War with the Royal Field Artillery in 1901, rising to Lieutenant that year. Due to an extended period in South Africa, he did not return until 1904, when the people of Honley welcomed him on his entry to the village on 28" May. Crowds flocked to see him arrive along Banks and many more assembled in Market Place to greet their local hero. He became a Captain in July 1908. He was promoted again to Major in 1914 and to Brevet Lt. Colonel in 1917.

During the Great War, Clement Armitage was based in France as part of General Haig’s team of liaison officers, which kept the Commander-in-Chief abreast of the situation at the front line. It was said that his finest achievement was planning the night counter-attack by British and Australian troops that recaptured the town of Villiers-Bretonneux, the site in April 1918 of the world’s first battle between two tank forces. He was also significant in the defeat of the attempt to capture Amiens. He interrogated Allied soldiers after the Battle of Cambrai and, through an interpreter, the prisoners of war after the battle.

Clement was awarded the CMG (Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George) and the Distinguished Service Order (1916) and Bar (1918) as well as French and Belgian decorations for his gallantry during the Great War. Clement’s older brother Harry also served, giving up his position in the family business to enlist as a bombardier. He was wounded in France and returned to England for convalescence.

After the war, Clement Armitage served in Palestine and India and the Artillery School in the United Kingdom. In 1938, he was appointed Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB) and was promoted to General in 1940 before retiring from the Army in July 1942. He settled in Gloucestershire. He was married to Hilda Caroline Hirst and they had three sons. One of them, John Clement Armitage, was a Lieutenant in King’s Royal Rifle Corps and was killed in Greece during the Second World War on 7‘" December, 1944. Charles Clement Armitage died on December, 1973, just three days after his 92"! birthday.

left upper, General C C Armitage in an official image of 1937 (courtesy the National Portrait Gallery) left lower, as Lt Armitage, he is welcomed back to Honley on 28" May, 1904 after his Boer War campaign

Page 39

SYDNEY TYNDALL LIVERSEDGE Hontey’s Flying Ace

and Ethelinda Liversedge, who lived at 26 Highfield Terrace, Eastgate. opposite Honley Bridge. They had previously lived at Cliffe Wood Terrace, Brockholes and before that in Nursery Street, Huddersfield. Ethelinda (nee Hirst) came from Honley and she and James were married at St Mary’s Honley on Christmas Eve, 1887. James had a position as cashier at Crossley Mill and so the family were in the fortunate position of having one servant, who lived in the house.

However, before the outbreak of war, they had moved back to Huddersfield and Sydney went to school from their new home in Fartown Green. James was an enthusiastic chess player and played for Yorkshire in 1899/90 and 1904.

Sydney began his military service as a trooper in the 1* Life Guards but in 1916 at the age of 19, he joined the Royal Flying Corps as a flying cadet, being sent almost at once to France. In July 1917, he was promoted to temporary 2"? Lieutenant. His brother Herbert Donald Liversedge, had already joined the army in 1914 and in turn became 24 lieutenant in The King’s Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) in April 1915. He left the army iN 1919. Once in the RFC, Sydney was twice injured in a matter of a few weeks but when he transferred to what had become RAF N°. 70 Squadron in March 1918, his skills

SG" Liversedge was born 15" August, 1897 in Honley, the son of James Arthur

Sopwith 1'4-Strutter.

improved. Flying a Sopwith, Sydney brought down 33 aircraft including six fatalities, not all as a solo effort as some were in conjunction with other pilots. Details can be found in the panel below, The number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an “ace” has varied, but is usually considered to be five or more. During this time he progressed to the rank of Flight Commander, although he saw out the Armistice in hospital once more.

Sydney’s unit, Royal Flying Corps N°. 70 Squadron, was formed at South Farnborough in 1916. It was the first RFC Squadron to fly the Sopwith 14-Strutter - the first British aircraft to enter service with a synchronised machine gun. The name “1% Strutter” was because of the long and short pairs of struts supporting the top wing.

The unit transferred in 1916 to Fienvillers, 29 km east of Abbeville in Picardy, to take up fighter patrols and was active in the Somme during 1916, Arras and Ypres in.1917, returning to the Somme in 1918. Sydney Liversedge’s successes reflected the push eastwards towards Belgium. The squadron remained in Europe until February 1919, the year Sydney left the RAF.

Sydney Liversedge went on to have a career in mechanical engineering and in the 1950s had two patents to his name, jointly with an American company, Electric Hose & Rubber Co. Ltd. He died in Huddersfield in 1979.

Sydney Liversedge’s Victories in 1918

1 6 April over Bray sur Somme > 415° May over Achiet le Petit near Arras 3 -27'" May over Ribemont near St Quinten 4 27th June over E of Albert, Picardy 5 27 June over E of Albert, Picardy 6 fr july over Bray sur Somme 7 14"July over E of Bailleul, near Armentieres 8 29"July over E of Armentiéres, Eastern France 9 2 August over S of Armentiéres, Eastern France 10 over S of Roulers or Roeselare n= 15'" September over Houthoulst, Flanders oo 12 9™October over Inglemunster, east of Roeselare : 13. 9 October over W of Mayerneine

Page 40

NOR THE YEARS CONDEMN Conscientious Objectors in Honley

en the Military Service Act of 1916 introduced compulsory conscription to W ees Britain several Honley men declared that they would rather go to jail than compromise their beliefs by supporting a war. Some, such as Quakers, objected on religious grounds, whilst others were opposed on political grounds.

Although conscientious objection was not specifically defined in the 1916 Act, the government recognised those whose ‘objection genuinely rests on religious or moral convictions. Objectors to military service had first to apply to a local tribunal for exemption. In order to cope with the likely increase in appellants in February 1916, membership of the Honley Tribunal was strengthened to seven, adding George Sheard and G H Barraclough to the existing five who were all local councillors - Elon Crowther, George T Oldham, Samuel Jagger, G Pearson and John Edward Heap.

Ifa request for exemption was refused, applicants had the right to be heard by an appeal tribunal. If they were still denied exemption and refused to withdraw their objections and report for military service, they were liable to be arrested and imprisoned in either

a military or civilian jail, such as Durham or Dartmoor. Those who had their request upheld were asked to train with local volunteers or serve in non-combatant positions including such dangerous posts as front-line stretcher bearers. Public shame could be directed towards them, including being sent or presented with a white feather.

When four conscientious objectors (or war resisters) appeared before a sitting of the Honley Tribunal they were interrogated about their beliefs, particularly how they could remain in jobs which contributed to the war effort. One weaver replied that he even objected to weaving khaki cloth and a second, a yarn room assistant, stated, “When it is a question of the military machine, if there were no other means of existence than by joining the army, I should be a pauper first”.

A British Socialist Party member who worked as a twister-in said his organisation had always been opposed to warfare and he asked the clerk to the tribunal, who was his former Sunday school teacher, to confirm that he had long held such beliefs. Only his trade union had saved him from the sack for not joining up already.

Another applicant refused to answer hypothetical questions but quoted the Socialist Sunday School’s ninth precept, Do not think that he who loves his own country must hate and despise other nations, or wish for war, which is a remnant of barbarism. Concluding the hearing, the military representative on the tribunal described the conscientious objectors as ‘a great evil, hindering recruiting tremendously’ .

Arthur Shaw of Honley, a quarry foreman, was already in his mid-30s when he appeared at the Huddersfield appeal tribunal, where his appeal was rejected. He repeated the Socialist Sunday School (SSS) precept number nine and asserted that he had no intention of going to join the colours until the police came.

A yarn room assistant, Francis Henry Sowerby, member of the Honley Socialist Club, the Independent Labour Party, the No Conscription Fellowship and the Wesleyan Reform Sunday School, on losing his appeal turned to the public gallery and said “I can assure everyone here that (I) will not give way even if it means death on principle.” When arrested he quoted Robert Burns to the magistrates, “Man’s inhumanity to man, makes countless thousands mourn”. Francis Sowerby later became an Urban District councillor and chairman of the council, living at Upper Fold in Honley.

left, two war resisters from Honley are pictured in this 1917 group at Dartmoor prison, Arthur Hirst (standing, top left with watch chain) and Beaumont Sykes, (lying down, front right)

Page 41

Another SSS member, 28-year-old weaver Beaumont Sykes (pictured right in 1916), continued to refuse to report to the colours until the police came for him. The usual fine of 40 shillings was imposed to be deducted from his military pay. Beaumont Sykes ended up in Dartmoor jail along with fellow club member Arthur Hirst. At his tribunal, Arthur Hirst ‘denied the right of any man or set of men to say to him that he should take the life of any man. When Fred Swallow, 32, was told he was fined 40 shillings to be deducted, he replied, “I don't intend having any military pay”. I In September 1916, the Honley tribunal expressed concern that 48 local men exempted from military service were not fulfilling the condition that they had to drill with the local volunteers. However, by November 1916, further exemptions were being granted this time to employees of the Urban District Council and workers at Eastwood’s Thirstin Mill.

On 13" March, 1917, the government had reopened the jail at Dartmoor, originally built for Napoleonic prisoners, and renamed it Princetown Work Centre. By November 1917, there were 1,200 men there. The work was reported to be worse than futile, but was intentionally as hard as that at the Western Front. Out of date implements were used for agricultural work of no real value and roads were built “from nowhere to nowhere”. On his return

Beaumont Sykes

to Honley, Beaumont Sykes lived in a one-decker cottage in Burhouse Street.

Less outright opposition to the war was also expressed. Some claimed exemption on non-conscientious grounds such as family commitments, health or an essential occupation. Some, like Honley’s first conscript, 20- year-old Norris Goldthorpe, a teazer at Rock Mill, simply failed to report on receiving his papers. When the local policeman turned up at Rock Mill to arrest him, he claimed he thought that his employer had applied for his exemption. His father said he would have sought Norris’ exemption on the grounds he was needed on the farm if he had realised this was not the case.

Mark Brooke was a cloth finisher and member of the Honley Naturalists Society but not called up until 15" July, 1918. He was against the war on political grounds and he was sent to Wormwood Scrubs, before transferring to the Army Reserve and work at a shale mine in Scotland.

In 1921 the Ministry of Health decided that all papers relating to individual cases of exemption from National Service and tribunal minute books (except those of the Central Tribunal), should be destroyed, although this was not uniformly carried out. Thus the vast majority of files do not survive, but there were certainly many men in Honley with little enthusiasm for the war, if not actively opposed to it. It might also be noted that the community tolerated the moral stance taken by these men. based on notes supplied by Alan Brooke and Cyril Pearce

Page 42

DEATH ON IHRE HOME FRONI

A lragie Murder in 1975

claimed that he had hoped to marry her but had lost his reason and attacked

in 1914. Since then she had lived on her own at 27 Berry Croft, Honley. her when she said she was already married.

A lice Kaye was the 27-year-old wife of Ernest, a soldier who had enlisted

he fell pregnant and to ensure she was looking after herself, her aunt,

Mrs Donkersley, would stay with her overnight.

Each evening, Mrs Donkersley would arrive at the house and would not leave again until late the following morning. It was around 8.30 when Mrs Donkersley arrived, as usual, on the evening of Saturday, 6° November, 1915. However, she could get no reply to her repeated knocking at the door. The house was in darkness so Mrs Donkersley went next door and asked if she could wait until Alice returned home.

Throughout the evening, she kept trying to get into Alice’s house and by midnight, when there was still no sign of life, she asked a neighbour if she could stay with her for the night. The next morning, Mrs Donkersley tried again to get into to her niece's house. There was still no reply, so she asked a man named Oldfield, who sa ae to be passing, to force an entry for her.

There was no sign of a struggle or a break-in when they entered the house, where they found Alice’s fully clothed body lying in a pool of blood. Her throat had been cut. The police were called, but despite enquiries, they could find no clues to the motive or the attacker. Alice’s death attracted newspaper headlines and soon the whole district knew of the murder at Honley.

Then, on Monday, 8" November, Harry Thompson approached a policeman in Ramsden Street, Huddersfield and confessed that he was the killer they were looking for. Thompson said that he had been seeing Alice for two years. Although at 55-years-old he was much older than Alice, he

27 Berry Croft, scene of the murder

He said that he had met Ernest, her husband, but that Alice had told him that

he was her brother and Thompson had believed her. Thompson's story of his relationship with Alice was confirmed when his lodgings were searched and love letters were found from her. One of these, dated 5'" November, revealed that arrangements had been made for the pair to meet the following day, the day of the murder.

Harry Thompson was sent to Huddersfield police court for trial where he admitted that he had killed Alice, saying that they had argued over his discovery that she was married. He had slashed out at her in a temper and then left the house - but had not known that she was dead until he read about it in the newspaper.

Thompson was committed for trial at Leeds before Mister Justice Sankey on 29‘ November, a trial which lasted just one day. What should have been a straightforward case became much more complex when Thompson withdrew his confession, claiming that he had visited Alice on the day of the murder but only stayed with her until some time between five and six o'clock. She was alive and well when he left her, he said and explained his confession by saying he was unbalanced by reading that the woman he loved had been murdered.

It took the jury hour to decide that his original version had been the truth and that Thompson was guilty of murder, by cutting her throat with a razor. He was hanged at Wakefield prison on Wednesday, 22™ December, 1915.

Alice Kaye was buried in Honley cemetery on nn November, 1915.

Page 44

Honley Civic Society Books 19th Century Life at Lord’s Mill A History of Honley Band Andrew Jenkin’s Portrait of Honley A Walk Around Honley Honley Bridge and,Newtown Hope Bank, Honley’s Pleasure Grounds and Gardens Mary Jagger Honley’s Historian Non Conformist Chapels of Honley, Moorbottom Non Conformist Chapels of Honley, The Methodists Pagodas and Potato Salad, A History of Honley Cricket Club Trouble at t’Mill The Luddites and Honley : Woodroyd, Honley’s Hidden Hamlet

Published by Tempus Honley Then and Now

by Peter Bray and Honley Civic fate

978-0-9572638-5-7 2014


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