Extracts from the Diary of the Rev. Robert Meeke (1874) by Henry James Morehouse & Charles Augustus Hulbert

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Minister of the Ancient Chapelry of Slaithwaite, near Huddersfield,





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‘‘Bad must that heart be, when a faithful Diary can be looked at with any but the most candid eyes, or turned

perversely to the injury of his reputation who left it.”


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Iy offering to the public the following

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sixty years ago, and it is much to be hoped that now attention is again called to the facts, due search and enquiry will be made, especially by Inhabitants of Slaithwaite and the neigh- bourhood, which may result in the recovery of the missing volumes. The information they contain cannot fail, from their connection with the District, to give to them a peculiar local interest, at the same time, they no doubt would be found to possess a much wider interest—both in Yorkshire and Lanca- shire—in illustrating the respective periods of our National History, to which they refer. Any person, therefore, who may be fortunate enough to meet with any volume, or part of any volume, will much oblige by communicating the fact to Fairless Barber, Esq., F.8.A., of Castle Hill, Rastrick, Hon. Secretary of the Yorkshire Arch-

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Tue Rev. Robert Meeke, who was for nearly forty years incumbent of Slaithwaite, a chapelry in the parish of Huddersfield, is, for several reasons, deserving of special notice. His name must long continue to be held in grateful remembrance by the inhabitants of the district, as one of the founders of the Free School of Slaithwaite, and for many other benevolent acts. He was son of the Rev. William Meeke, a native of Skipsey, near Bridlington, Yorkshire, where he seems to have been resident in 1645; in which year he published a pamphlet entitled, The Faithfull Scout, ‘‘ giving an alarm to Yorkshire (especially to the Kast Riding) and all other places at that time freed from the misery of Warre : ora Treatise tending to stirre up men from the Security which possesses them, because (as they think) all danger is past, now the seat of Wa:re is removed from them. Written by William Meeke.” Printed at York. The Epistle dedicatory.—‘“‘ To all

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to the Inhabitants of Skipsay, the Author wishes peace and Truth.” Dated— From my Study in Skipsay— February 16th, 1645.” * In 1650, Mr. Meeke was settled in Salford, near Manchester, as minister of a chapel which had recently been erected and endowed by Humphry Booth. The chapel stood on the bridge, between Salford and’ Man- chester. After his removal to Manchester, he joined the Presbyterian Classis, and became an _ active member of that synod during the protectorate. He suffered persecutions from the Iudependents, when they became powerful, under Cromwell, and

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Robert Meeke, the author of the diary, was born at Salford, on the 30th December, 1656,* so that he was not more than two years old when his father died. Of Mr. Meeke’s early life little is known, nor are we informed where lhe was educated, but as Canon Hulbert observes, “The Library which he bequeathed to his successors, proves him to have been a learned and sound divine.” The diary from which the following extracts are made was begun in May, 1689, and ended in 1694,t and is written in a style of great modesty and

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-respecting them. It, however, contains a few pleasing notices which we regret are not more frequent. Thus, on the Ist September, 1692, he records a visit to Flamborough, to see his father’s relations, and ‘ Went to Skipsay, to see the tenant who liveth where my father was born: it is an old house, much ou’ of repair-—verv mean. I went to sce my father’s study. I thank God, I have one much more convenient and pleasant. I desire to be thankful and humble, for my parentage is of an inferior rank, but I hope, and as I hear, of a religious family, which is better than gentility or greatness. My father was born in a very mean house, my mother in a comely hali; thus the Lord is pleased to make high and low—noble and ignoble, equal, and both one. I am a branch of Yeomanry by the father: of gentility by my mother. ‘Lord, grant me true nobility, virtue and grace above my mother’s blood ; meckness and

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A younger branch settled at Dinton, in Wiltshire, which afterwards became more distinguished ; being advanced to a peerage in the person of Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, who took so prominent a part in favour of Charles Ist, in the great civil war. Robert Hyde succeeded to the Hyde Hall estate un the death of his father, Edward Hyde, in 1639. He married Alice, the third daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Crompton, of Crompton, Esq., by whom he had 15 children. He was ‘‘a zealous Puritan,” and at the commencement cof the civil war, took an active part in the struggle against Charles Ist. “ When Lord Strange laid siege to Manchester, intending to take possession of itin the king’s name, Mr. Hyde was one of the neighbouring gentry who armed their servants and dependents and marched to the relief of the town, assisting in the discomfiture of the Royalists.” He was appointed a deputy heutenant of the Parliamentary Army. “He became also an active magistrate of the county ; and on the “2nd October, 1646, was chosen a lay member of the Lancashire Presbyterial Classis.” In 1664, at the Lancashire visitation of Sir William Dugdale, he registered a pedigree of his family of 17 generations. He died in 1684: his wife having died in 1645. Irom the manner in which Mr. Meeke speaks of his mother, it is evident she was a pious excellent woman, training up her children with great care. She married again to Mr. Ralph Arderne, the third son of Ralph Arderne, of Harden in Cheshire, Esq., by whom she had several children. He also died

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leaving her a widow, and when Mr. Meeke wrote his diary, she was living at Clayton Bridge, near Man- chester. Here she was surrounded by many relatives, to whom frequent allusion is made in the diary, viz: “The Hydes, the Hollingworths, and the Heywoods ; also his “Uncle and Aunt Gerard.” Mention is made of Sir John Arderne, of Harden, on whom he called. Sir John was the eldest brother of Mr. Arderne, his stepfather. Frequent mention is also made of “ Billy Meeke,” the child of his elder brother, deceased, for whom he was apparently

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chapelry paid at the rate of 1s. 6d. for each sitting, which did not amount to more than £20 per annun, and this was often paid with difficulty. Mr. Meeke being, however, possessed of some private means— unmarried, and of simple habits, was enabled to hold the incumbency. We learn from his diary that overtures were made to him to accept more advantageous preferment. - In 1690, February 6th, he writes—“ About

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This is a striking instance of the devotion and humility with which he regarded the ministry, and a touching instance of the sacrifice of his worldly interests to what he conceived to be his duty. Living in a quiet and secluded district, with much time for study and reflection, it is much to be regretted that in this portion of his diary, Mr. Meeke furnishes us with few allusion to the books he had been reading, or with his reflections upon them, and but seldom with the names of the authors. It would have been very interesting, at this distance of time, with his tolerant spirit, to have noted his reflections. It is certain that the writings of authors of his own church he studied with attention, and from his enlarged charity, he was led to peruse some of those of the nonconformist bodies. We find him in November, 1690, engaged in perusing

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of Baxter, should, to a considerable extent, have com- mended themselves to his favourable judgments, need excite no surprise, as many of them had an extensive circulation ; and being a man of great moderation and charity, he was led not unfrequently into controversy, by opposing the narrow sectarianism of the times. Of another divine—one of his own church, it would have been very interesting to have met with some notice— one whose enlarged sympathy with a broad christianity, whose great candour, acute perception, and genial piety, caused his writings to be extensively read. We allude to Jeremy Taylor. There seem to be several points of resemblance between Bishop Taylor and Richard Baxter ; both were attractive preachers, each possessed a warm and lively eloquence, while the nature and object of many of their works, were almost identical ; and though very dissimilar in style, both were devoted to a liberal and catholic christanity in opposition to the narrow bigotry of the times. This is exemplified in

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As Mr. Meeke resided in so remote and comparatively thinly populated a district, his intercourse with the

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bequeaths to the School, over which he had exercised great watchfulness, for the use of the Schoolmaster, a parcel of land in Far Sowood, in Stainland ; and if there be no Schoolmaster, he gave the same to the poor of the chappelry, to be distributed “in Bibles, New Testaments, and Common Prayer Books, accord- ing to the discretion of the warden, the minister, and three or four understanding men of the chappelry ;” but if the occasional profits be thought too much for Bibles, &c., then to “ buy warm clothing for poor children.” He gave to the minister for the time being a portion of his library ; the rest to be sold and the money given “to the poor of the chappelry of Slaithwaite, Linthwaite and Lingarths, and that portion of Golcar on the east side of the brook under Share hill, to be divided and distributed by some impartial and prudent men.” He devised legacies to his brother and sisters, his nephews and nieces. Also to his “landlord” I Aineas Bothomley] and his wife and their children. He gave two volumes of Poole’s English Annotations for the use of the family, [Bothomley] and to whomsoever resideth at Hill top, where he then lived ; “and not to be lent abroad lest they be sullied and spoiled.” gave two reading desks in his closet to Edmund Bothomley,

Father, firmly and comfortably hoping to be blessedimmediately I after my departure, through faith in Jesus Christ, my Redeemer ; and I leave my body to be burried in a decent and christian manner, looking for a glorious resurrection of the same from a vile and corruptible, to an incorruptible and glorious estate; thanks be to God who giveth me the victory over sin, death,and the grave, through Jesus Christ my Lord.”

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[son of Aineas], also “ the safé at the closett door,” and

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In 1718, Mr. Meeke obtained a grant of £200, Queen Anne’s Bounty, for augmenting the living of Slaithwaite, to meet benefactions to the like amount. The chapel was rebuilt in 1719, by his exertions, and his remains repose within the chancel, where an upright slab, at the east end of the enclosed site of the old chapel, records :— ‘‘Neare this place is interred the body of Mr. Robert Meeke, who was Curate of this Chapel 39 years and 5 months, to the satisfaction of his auditors. He left Four Pounds per Ann: to the School at Slaithwaite, fo. teaching ten poor children ; and the interest of nine pounds for bread and wine, and one hundred and thirty-three Books for succeeding Curates. He departed this life May 31st, 1724, In the 67th year of his age. From the Register of the Chapelry, we learn that he was interred on the 3rd of June, It also records the burial of Elizabeth wife of Bothomley, of Hill top, on the 30th of August, 1724; likewise the burial of Bothomley, of Hill-top, July 20th, 1730.

The following brief estimate of Mr. Meeke’s character by Canon Hulbert, is so pertinent and just that with it we conclude this notice. a review, we cannot but observe that Slaith- waite must have been much indebted to the residence

of such a man, for forty years. Coming at first with

27th February, 1762, and was buried from Hill Top, March 3rd, a very useful person among neighbours.”

He was succeeded there by a son of the same name who died in 1780.

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scarcely any remuneration, and exercising charity far beyond the means at his disposal for that purpose. Intelligent and kind, he appears to have been ready at all times and hours to visit his parishioners, and even far beyond, for I find records of journeys to baptize, as far as Outlane on the one hand, and Crosland on the other, a distance of four miles each way. He frequently preached at Huddersfield and other churches, and the records of his benevolent exertions induce us to believe that he bore the fruits of temperance as well as other virtues in old age.” After a recent visit to the scene of Mr. Meeke’s labours, to again view the changes which have taken place in the chapel [church] and school, to which he was so deeply attached, we cannot but feel that a similar spirit must have animated and directed, at least some of his successors, in endeavouring to augment the value of these institutions which are now rendered so commodious and comfortable, and which have proved so eminently advantageous to the inhabitants. When the school was re-built in 1844, Mr. Hulbert, now Canon Hulbert, composed the following very appropriate Latin inscription, which was engraved at his own expense on a slab of Caen Stone, under a label, which was placed in the new school, just 120 years after Mr. Meeke’s decease, and which is alike honourable to both.

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The first two leaves of the Diary are lost, so that the first entry now appears on the 21st May, 1689, when he records a visit to Clayton Bridge, near Manchester, to see his Mother ; it is probable, however, that it was begun on the

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2 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. May 31st.—After dinner I set forward towards Yorkshire, and came to Cousin A’s, in good time. I have now removed my quarters; my old landlord hath broken up his house, and I am at present at the Hill Top. Lord, I desire thy presence with me, wherever I be. June

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4 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. June 13th.— Went after dinner to bury a corpse at the chappell. Lord, put me in mind of death, and grant that that solemnity used at funerals may be used, not only formally and customarily, but sincerely and profitably. —17th.—Was busy preparing for a day of humili- ation, appointed to be on Wednesday next. —19th.—There was a great congregation. I preached. Lord hear the prayers put up to Thee, this day, and succeed thy word.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE 5 1689. June 27th.—Went to Halifax and bought Billy Meeke some new clothes, I praise God that I am rather helpful than needful. —29th.—To-day also was much what spent in study. Lord pardon my inclination to sins, and my readiness to fire with every spark of temptation.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 7 1689. July 19th.—Lay all night at the sign of the George, at Mr. Croft’s, and blessed be God arose in health. This forenoon, I and some other neighbouring ministers went into the court, and before the Justices of Peace there, we took the oath of allegiance and subscribed a declaration against transubstantiation. Lord grant that our ministers may be unanimous in the things which be good, and O that God would be pleased to take away all occasions of difference ! —23rd.—Fell to my studies, but Lord thou knowest my sinful heart. Lord pardon my sins.

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8 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. strangers at the chapel who came to fetch Mrs. S. D. unto her husband’s house.* August 5th.—Blessed be God, I rose in health this morning. Stayed at home all day but studied little. My heart, O Lord, is still impure. O create in me a humble and contrite,—a holy and clean heart ; let not sin reign lest it bring my ruin. O Lord, by thy providence about me I am convinced that thou art omniscient, omnipresent,. pure and holy, but merciful, pardoning iniquity, transgression and sin. —6th.—It is very seasonable weather, though there be not much hay this year; yet it is very good, well got, and most [people] have got all housed. Lord, continue thy loving kindness unto the children of men.

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10 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. in the forenoon.

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12 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. one came to me and told me something what persons say of me, and that many are afraid I should be concerned with one who is not suitable for me. O Lord, I beseech thee put a stop to that discourse, and those thoughts among my friends. Thou knowest my heart, that I never designed such a thing, neither have I given occasion for such suspicion. I confess my sins and vanities may have brought this evil report upon me justly, but what persons surmise in untrue and unjustly reported. O Lord, I beseech thee take off this scandal, and give me wisdom and grace to walk circumspectly, as much as in me lieth.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE, 13 1689. October 14th.—I went to Meltham, dined at Yeoman Armitage’s* ; Dame Shaw and her sister Mortimer being with me. I had thought to have met my Uncle Hyde, but he came not. I believe the extreme wet- ness of the weather prevented him. —17th.—I married Mr. Dewhurst and Mrs. Susan Dyson, she was one whom many thought I would

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE, 15 1689. improve, and yet the Lord is pleased to afford it to me. O what am I bound to return! November 11th.—This went towards Lan- eashire, found some friends in Ashton, which caused me to stay longer than I intended, so that I went with Cousin Smith to his house and lay all night. —12th.—Rose in health, blessed be God, and went home; found my mother and the family well. —13th.—This forenoon uncle Hyde came to see my mother. He dined with us. After dinner I returned towards Yorkshire, and came home about 5 it being moonlight.

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16 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. to preach at Lydgate, a place licenced for private meeting: he and I lay together, blessed be God. November 24th—Arose in health in the morning. I went towards Holmfirth and he to Lydgate. Lord, in thine own time take away all differences amongst thy people, and grant that we may be willing to meet in one place and join in one way of worship.t

+ This was at the house of George Morehouse of Stoney bank, the editor’s ancestor, where he was not an unfrequent, and always without doubt, a welcome guest. After the lapse of nearly two hundred years, it is gratifying to the editor to discover an intimate friendship between these good men. Mr. Meeke’s record here is so pleasing and unaffected, and displays so much christian charity and good-will, that we feel charmed and instructed by his christian example. It is also a gratify- ing coincidence that a successor of the one, and a descendant of the other are thus associated in this publication. George Morehouse had been brought up with a decided attachment to the Established Church, and the change which took place in his views was not made without a painful struggle, and involved great sacrifices. But participating in the deep anxiety and dissatisfaction with which many of the more intelligent laity regarded the conduct of many of the Bishops and clergy, in upholding arbitrary power, and enforcing upon the people the ‘‘divine right of kings,” and the duty of

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18 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. Almondbury ; I was at first in a study what to do, at last I promised. Lord fit me for to-morrow’s work,

Calgarth is stated to have been

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE 19 1689. and grant me thy assistance, both in my outward and inward man, for I have far to go in the morning. December 1st.—I went to Almondbury this morning, and came thither about 9 o’clock, began speedily after. Preached from I. Cor. xi, 20, it being a Sacrament day. After sermon, I administered. There were not many or else I should have been very much wearied. Blessed be God, who helped me both in body and spirit.

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20 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1689. buried a corpse. So, in this world, one generation cometh, another goeth, and these that continue a while: are full of trouble. December 31st.—I am this day three and thirty years of age. It is high time to wake out of sleep. If I should live to the age of man, almost the half of my day is gone: itis within a little of noon, and, therefore, time to work, but seeing I cannot promise to myself a minute of life, how diligent should I be in preparing for death. Lord grant me that wisdom. 1689—90. January 30th.—I preached though there were not. many. Lord pardon all our backwardness to duty. It was a very warm day, and now looks sometimes like spring. Lord make us thankful for all mercies.

February 3rd.—About 10 o’clock there came a neighbour to desire me to go to his house, to meet our vicar. I

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 21 1690. (their minister being dead) for they desire I should be their vicar. I promised to preach, but as for residing with them, I would consider on it. Lord direct me! I have no inclination at present to remove. February 9th.—Preached and published what I had prepared. Lord succeed my labours; without thee I can do nothing ; fit me for évery work I am called unto. —12th.—I had a tailor to mend my clothes. I wish I were as careful to mind what is amiss in my life as in my habits.

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22 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1690. February 16th.—Preached at Penistone, from John iii, 5. At night some desired me to baptize a child, which I did. At noon, dined at Waterhall : returned back to Bullhouse.

Mr. Wordsworth, of Waterhall, who was lord of the

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24 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1690. ment the next Sunday. Some think it will put the town to much charge, and were against it ; Lord make us better christians, and teach us our duty: but alas, we love this world better than heaven, our bodies better than our souls. The Lord forgive us, and form our hearts anew. * February 25th.—Sent a letter to Mr. Riche, in answer to their request about my going to Penistone ; I gave a negative, being at present well settled. Lord give me grace to mind my duty here, and I hope thou wilt bless me in my labours here, as well as elsewhere. March 5th.—After dinner went to a friend to whom I had lent some money: but the cloth market being so bad, he could not sell, and therefore paid me but part of what he should. Lord grant us an established peace, that persons may reap more fruit of their labours: at present it is a hard and difficult time for poor labouring men.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 25 1689. there, from John iii, 5; and Mr. Broome preached here in my stead. At night there came unto me a man desiring me to go and baptize his child, being weak, I I did so, and rode from Honley to Botham-hall, where he liveth, and then home, but it was late. March 24th.—Arose in health, blessed, be God, prepared for a journey into Lancashire, about 10 o’clock set forth with sister Brooksbank, and when we came to Clayton Bridge, found my mother from home, but at last they came. —29th.—Returned homewards, brother Ralph came with us to the Brook-botham, where we parted. —3lst.—This morning there came one to make affidavit that Sam. Sykes was buried in woollen, he was not long since married : had designed to keep house at May-day. Now the Lord hath cut him off. He was married by me privately, without the consent of his wife’s father, though I thought her father had known something, though it seems he did not, and now it hath pleased God to chastize the daughter for too much slighting her father. Lord, teach me to take notice of all thy providences, and to learn something by them. April 7th.—It is now very pleasant weather, and a forward hopeful spring ; the Lord be praised, for many want hay extremely. —8th.—Lord, thou art pleased to manifest thy displeasure towards me, and again bring me under sorrow of heart, and trouble of mind. Thou hast formerly heard my prayers and removed the like

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98 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1690. July 4th.—About noon returned towards Yorkshire, and brought Billy Meeke to his father Brooksbank’s.

—25th.—Some friends came this morning, it being our rushbearing. I went not out of the house.

August 3rd.—Preached at Slaithwaite. Our chapell had been very ill-used with rain ; for there was, last week a great flood, which ran into the chapell.

—6th.—To-day many people went to meet Sir John Kaye’s son, who being lately married, brought his wife to Woodsome. * I went with Mr. Broome and my landlord. Called at Woodsome, met with more company ; with whom we went to one Holden’s, on Wooley Edge. Stayed awhile, then went further to Staincross Moor, where we met all the company, and then returned with them to Woodsome. Stayed little there, but came to Almondbury ; called at Mr. Gibson’s, and so home. There were a many horses. Lord make me thankful that I came home safe, not hurt any way.

—13th.—The latter end of our corn was cut down to-day, and some friends were invited to supper, as the

* This was the marriage of Arthur Kaye, Esq., only son of Sir John Kaye, of Woodsome, Bart., who, on the death of his father, succeeded to the title and estates. He married Anne, one.of.the daughters and co-heiresses of Sir Samuel Marrow, of Birkswell, in the county of Warwick, Bart. He had an only child, Elizabeth, who married Lord Lewisham, eldest son of the right hon. the earl of Dartmouth, whose issue succeeded to the Woodsome and other estates, but the title descended to another branch,—the Kayes of Denby Grange, in this county.

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‘THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE, 29 1690. custom is. Blessed be God for seed-time and harvest, —for peace and plenty. August 15th.—This forenoon, about 10 |o’clock], I went with Mr. Broome to Deanhead, it being their rushbearing. Mr. Ashton* preached, from

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30 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1690. September 13th.—Returned towards Yorkshire. —23rd.—This morning I went with some [friends] to course a hare. We found one, but the dogs never saw her. I was very much wearied. That which to some is a pleasure is a toil to me, habet sua quemque voluptas. No pleasure in this world doth please all, and therefore there is no true happiness to be found. —25th.—This morning I had a symptom of a disease I had heard of, but was never acquainted with. O my God, who art the most skillful physician, prevent, I beseech thee, the growth of the malady. Sanctify thy rod and every stroke, though never so gentle ; and I humbly beg that my sins may not be punished deservedly, lest my estate be miserable. Lord correct me ; but in mercy, and with tender pity, and gentle compassion, for my Saviour’s sake. Amen. October 7th.—It being our court day, stayed with Mr. Brooke, the steward, and then with the jury. —10th.—This morning there came a man to me desiring me to write a letter to the Lord Savile, Marquiss of Halifax.* write to such honour- able persons. I know not how to court or address the great ones of this world : however, when he had acquainted me with his business, I composed a letter, as I could. Lord, teach me how to make my address to thee, who art the Lord of Lords, from whom all profit and preferment cometh. —14th.—Stayed at home and studied all fore- noon. After dinner walked out to see my Brother and

* He had estates in Golcar, and was lord the manor.

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EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 31 1690. Sister Brooksbank. At night my landlord brought me a new saddle which cost 13s. 6d. October 30th.—I went today to gather in some chapell wages. In one part of my chapelry, received some more than I did think I should, but far short of what was owing. Lord make me thankful for, and wise to improve what I have ; and I trust thou wilt provide what is wanting. November 5th.—I read the form of thanksgiving newly appointed for this day, and though there was but a slender congregation, yet I preached from 2 Sam. vu. 14.

—6th.—Yesterday and to-day have been like summer days, and they are the more pleasant because they immediately follow such rainy, stormy weather.

—llth.—This morning set towards Lancashire, came to my mother’s about 3 o’clock—found all well.

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32 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1690. away. I never missed it until

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34 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. January 23rd.—This morning Mr. Bradley * came from Huddersfield to course with my landlord. I rode with them, we found four hares and killed two. About noon we returned, had a shot of ale at Slaith- waite, came to our dinner, discoursed the rest of the afternoon ; and thus I spent my time and was kept from better work. Lord pardon my vanities and sanctify all recreations unto me, that I may more cheerfully serve the Lord. —29th.—Was desired to go to G. Thorp’s to make his will, which I did, and while I was doing it, a messenger came to desire me to go visit James Bray’s wife. I went and found her very weak ; O Lord, how frail and weak is man. Lord, sanctify thy providences. Some are sick and weak, others fallen asleep; O prepare me for my end, and while I live make me instrumental for thy glory. Dined at John Dyson’s, of the Kitchen. February 16th.—-This morning although it hailed, rained and snew, I went to Lassells Hall, and baptized Ann, the fourth daughter of Mr. Richardson. Stayed all night. I —20th.—This forenoon received a letter from my mother, who is in good health, blessed be God, She sent me word that my aunt Elizabeth Hydet was married

* The Bradleys, of Bradley Mills, Huddersfield, were engaged largely in business as drysalters.

+ This was his mothei’s youngest sister,—the youngest of 15 children.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE Be 1691. on the 12th of this month, which was strange news to me. Lord grant it may be for her good and comfort. March 4th.—Went to the funeral of Michael Bottomley’ s wife, of Broadlee: it was a very bad way [road]. Storm breaking.

—6th.—Tho’ the earth was lately all covered with gnow—and a deep one too, yet to-day it is all well near gone, except some few [places|—under walls and great banks. Psalm exlvii. “ He sendeth forth his word and melteth them: he causeth the winds to blow and the waters to flow.” It was to-day fair and windy. ‘There came a traveller to beg something of me to relieve him and his fellows, I gave him what I could spare, he was thankful. Lord, make me thank- ful, I am not in his condition. I bless God and desire to do it heartily, that [ am helpful and not needful. Lord continue it.

at Slaithwaite, it being fair, many people were at chapell. Went to Westwood, dined there, and baptized Joseph’s child. Stayed until night with some company. —15th.—Preached from James v. 13, proved the duty of singing Psalms by several arguments: answered several objections which some have made against it.

—16th.—This morning one told, me he never heard that subject preached upon before, and that another

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36 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691, I speak to the latter: but I am convinced that it is not good to speak of old errors, nor to insist much on controversies in public. Lord, teach me, therefore, pertinently and suitably to divide the word. March 19th.—Arose in health, blessed be God, tho’ I came home late yester-night, staying on our neigh- bours. Lord, teach me to walk as bacometh a minister of the gospell; to shine as a burning light, and to walk in such ways that others may safely follow. About 11 o’clock came Mr. Richardson to see me, and stayed until almost five. Lord, I praise thee, for love and respects which I have from friends. —20th.—It is very fine seasonable weather; we have now and then some cold storms, to usher in the spring. And so crosses sometimes go before comforts, First to taste of bitters maketh sweet more pleasant. Lord sanctify all providences. —21st.—This morning received a letter from bro. R., who acquainted me that sister Peggy hath been very ill, but is now something better. Lord, sanctify her affliction, and if it be thy will, spare her, however, tit her for thy will and good pleasure. —23rd.—Went to meet Mr. Broome at Almondbury, to appraise Mr. Rowbothom’s books. Lord, put me in mind of my own departure; give me time to prepare for it, and grace to redeem time, and prudence to set all things in order with respect to temporals, that the friends which I leave may with one consent know how to dispose of all things. I see by every day’s experience that the things of the world make great

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38 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. April 3rd.—To day went to my study. My knitter came who had knit me two pairs of stockings; I paid her 3s. 6d. for both, and yet she wanted twopence more, I. thought she had enough and seemed not

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40) EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. April 29th.—This morning when I had refreshed myself, walked into the city to speak with one whom I had business with. I found him, and he came with me to my quarters, and then we walked into the garden. About 10 o’clock I went into the minster, heard one Dr. Burton preach from Psalm xxxv 13, an excellent good sermon, about compassion and having a fellow feeling with our brothers’ afflictions. In the afternoon I went to another church, by the shambles, when Mr. Jackson preached from Esth. viii,

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44 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. ought, for I have choice of books, a great privilege which many want. I know not how long I may enjoy them. September 30th.—It was our court day, dined with Sir John Kaye and his steward of the court. It wasa very hot day. October 5th.—I and my sister Brooksbank and Billy, went into Lancashire, called at Brookbotham, and then homeward. Found my mother and relations in health. Blessed be God. _-—9th.—Went towards Tarvin with sister Bro[oks- bank] and sister M., and left Billy with my mother. This was a fair and pleasant day, and we had a good journey, only sister M. got a fall in a dirty place, but was not hurt. Deo gratias. —10th.—After dinner went to Chester. Uncle Gerard and aunt went with us. —11th.—Preached at Tarvin. I bless God for his assistance and spirit of boldness which he gave me. I am not used to preach before such great persons as were there. —22nd.—I married a couple [at Slaithwaite] this day who came from Lancashire, and the groom gave

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THE REV, ROBERT MEEKE, 45 1691. it kindly, as if they had been of far greater value. None in my chapelry have been so kind except one. Nothing is given but the customed dues, not that I desire such presents, I need them not. I am no house- keeper, have no table to furnish, only I take notice of this good woman’s respects and kindness to me. Lord continue what love I have amongst my people and help me to take courage to win it and to increase it daily. Keep me from evil ways not becoming my place, lest the love of many wax cold. In the midst of my study this forenoon I suddenly fell into sin, indulging vain and sinful thoughts. O Lord, I have often resolved to keep myself from mine iniquity. I am afraid my heart is so hard, my corruption so strong, that sin will reign until I be some way or other softened by the hand of God. Lord, let it be by the finger of thy spirit, not by the heavy hand of thy wrath. Lord, work upon me by thy word and spirit, not by thy rod: but if I must be corrected before amended, in the midst of correction, O Lord, remember compassion. December 2nd.—Stayed at home all day and studied till night, and then went to Mr. Broome’s to meet Mr. Thornton, * with whom I sat until 9 o’clock. Dined the following day with Mr. Thornton, at Linthwaite.

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46 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. I 17th.—Being invited, I went to the burial of James Sykes,* of the Flathonse, who was buried at Almondbury: others’ deaths ought to put me in mind ‘of mine own, but alas! I slight all amends, and am apt ‘to promise more days. Lord, pardon my unsuitable

Mr. Thornton was the owner of the Linthwaite hall estate, which came by his grandmother, Margaret Lockwood, the daughter and heiress of John Lockwood, of that place, gentle- man, who, or his father, built the hall: an Elizabethan mansion about half a mile from the village of Slaithwaite, on the opposite acclivity. Judging from the strong and durable masonry and the very large oak timbers of which it is composed, the builder would seem to have had a special desire that it should endure many generations. If such were his wishes they have been realized, notwithstanding that it has

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THE REY. ROBERT MEEKE, 47 1691. carriage—unsuitable to my profession—unsuitable to my function. December 23rd.—This morning, betime, before I got up, the Mr. Wilkinsons, of Greenhead,* came: hither, and desired me to go coursing with them. —27th.—Went to Greenhead, stayed all night— slept badly: it was a great wind, and the frequent clapping of 2 door kept me awake, so frail is the out- ward man, and so insufficient the comforts of this world, that a very small thing will hinder rest and comfort. Preached at Hud

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48 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1691. Dined there the following day, and towards night went to John Margeryson’s of Woodside, near Royds Hall—' lay all night. 1691-2. I January 6th.—Our feast * was to-day, and relations heing invited, dined here. Mr. B. and his wife lodged. About 5 o’clock, I was desired to meet Mr. Broome, to make away a difference between two neighbours, and brothers ; but we were so far from making peace, that the meeting of the parties occasioned a brawling, railing, and greater contention. God grant that J may be an

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THE REY. ROBERT MEEKE. 49 1691-2. in the chappell—one under the pulpit, another betwixt the chappell and school. Stayed a while with the workman ; after he had done gave him a drink and so returned, I February 17th.—Stayed at home: studied and read. I have many helps—learned works, both pleasant and profitable to read: O help me to redeem my time, and let my reading be edifying to myself, that I may be an instrument to instruct others. —21st.—This morning rode to Almondbury, Cousin Bothomley] and Dame Haigh with me. Preached for Mr. Philipson. at the vicarage, At night went to Woodsome. Lay all night.

—25th.—Read much to day: especially Annota- tions on the Bible. Lord, give me knowledge of thy will, and teach me to understand the Holy Scripture, that I may open it to others. March 2nd.—To-day we killed a swine ; I heard his cry into my study—many creatures die for us, but sinful man deserveth death the most of all.

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50 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1692. the good of some, though I know none who hath ac- knowledged, he or she, hath been convinced by my preaching ; however, let me be diligent in my work, and leave the success to God. I can but plant and water, it is God that giveth the increase. April 15th.—Had a funeral at Slaithwaite—had the drinking at Crimble. We have a very ill custom at funerals—turning mourning into drinking, feasting, and mirth—Lord, heal, reform, forgive ‘the disorders and sins amongst us. _ —29th.—Returned home from the Visitations at Wakefield ; Mrs. Clarke being with me, I called with her at Mr. Rhodes’s, of Flockton.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE 51 1692. make me thankful for the mercies and comforts of this journey. May 28th.—About 2 o’clock went towards Scholes, in Holmfirth, called at Stoney bank, my clerk went with me. —29th.—Rode to

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54 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1692. I August 31st.—Went towards Bridlington, dined at Kilham, and came to Bridlington in good time. Lay all night at Mr. Smith’s.

September Ist.—About noon, went to Flamborough, to enquire after some friends: found two brothers, John and Christopher Meeke, who were nearly related to me, being cousins, german to my father. Their father and my grandfather were brothers, They shewed much respects to us, and were glad to see us. We lay all night at cousin Christopher Meeke’s.

—2nd.—Went to Skipsey to see the tenant who liveth where my father was born: it is an old house, much out of repair, and very mean. I went to see my father’s study. I thank God I have one much more convenient and pleasant; I desire to be thankful and humble, for my parentage is of an inferior rank, but I hope and as I hear, of a religious family, which is better than gentility and greatness. My father was born in a very mean house: my mother in a comely hall: thus the Lord is pleased to make high and low— noble and ignoble equall, and both one.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 55 1692. September 3rd.—This forenoon went to see the sea- coast : we went to the top of a new lighthouse built for the benefit of seamen, betwixt Newcastle and Hull, but for want of maintenance it is of no use. We went also into a great hole in the rock called Robin Lithe hole; at low water it is passable through, but at high water it is filled with waves. After dinner went to Bridlington ; saw some friends and returned. —4th.—Preached at Flamborough from II Cor. vii, 1. Dined at cousin John Meeke’s. After service, at night, many came to see me, and supped with us at

cousin _

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56 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1692. September 8th.—Rode to Leeds ; it was a wet, rainy day, so that we stayed all night. This was the first rain we had since I went from home. Blessed be God for the comforts of the journey, the health and safety afforded us, and for his good providence over us when abroad, for the friends, &c., which we found. —14th.—Preached, and offered up the prayer ap- pointed for the day; but the company was small. Lord, pardon the people’s fault and negligence, for many are backward to holy duties. ——19th.—Stayed at home all day, reading an Ac- count of Publique Affairs, in a piece, called “The present State of Europe,” which cometh out monthly. All nations around us are at variance. Lord, grant peace, if it may be for thy glory. —23rd.—We got our corn cut. Many were at supper according to the custom of this place, when they have shorn all. —25th.—Preached to day, and administered the Sacrament. O Lord, help thy word and ordinances.

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60 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1692-3. blessed be God, found my mother and other friends in usual health. January 20th.—Returned towards Yorkshire, being a fair pleasant day.

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THE REV, ROBERT MEEKE. 61 1692-3. I I better and fuller being already printed by more learned men. I desire men’s approbation and instruction, but their commendation is dangerous, a temptation to

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62 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693. I April 19th.—About 3 o’clock rode to Lasceles Hall. Stayed all night. —20th.—Walked with Mr. Richardson to Wood- some. Sat with Sir John Kaye all the afternoon.

—21st.—After dinner returned from Lasceles Hall.

From the 25th April to the 17th May, the M.S. is lost: when he records his Mother’s illness and death.

May.—She grew weaker and weaker, though she was always cheerful when friends came to see her : towards night began to be very ill: we sat up with her, and in the night she would , and was, removed into another bed :—began to be insensible by times, and yet so sensible as to cry for mercy, and to desire a dissolution.

—18th—About a quarter after five o’clock this morning, she drew her last breath, and left us poor sor- rowtful relations for more joyful and happy society. O Lord, sanctify this breach unto me, and unto all her children, make up our great loss of a dear mother, by the continual care and gracious providence of a loving and heavenly father. —19th.—To-day, some friends came to help and counsel us about the funeral. —21st.—All forenoon was misspent through unex- pected company, that we had scarce time for prayer ; but after dinner, I endeavoured to help forward the sanctification of the Sabbath, by prayer and reading and repeating a sermon I had about me, » something ‘suitable to the occasion. —29nd.—A great number of people came to the funeral, and attended the corpse unto Denton Chapell,

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 63 1693. where we took leave of my dear mother, and left amongst the precious dust of many loving friends, relations and pious saints, who have been buryied there. Mr. Hyde, sometime of Salford, preached from II Tim. iv, 7 and 8. May 23rd.—About two o’clock, Mr. Scholes preached again at his licensed place at Culcheth, from Eccl. vii, 2,

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64 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693. May 30th.—I wrote the last fortnights diary, in which time I saw two of my relations laid in the dust. Lord, prepare me for my end, that I may be peaceable, com- fortable, and happy: and let the thoughts of it cause me to put away all my sinful lusts. June 17th.—Rode to Greenhead, to see Mrs. Wil- kinson,* whom I found very weak.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE 65 1693. awaken parents to take more care of children’s educa- tion, for so corrupt is human nature that all care and pains is too little to mend it. I experienced it too much myself. July 6th.—Rode to Huddersfield to marry a couple; returned by Greenhead, and found Mrs. Wilkinson dead. I was desired to preach at her funeral.

—8th.—There were many strangers. I praise God, he encouraged me, and yet gave me occasion to be humble, to ascribe all to him and nothing to myself. —14th.—Yesterday dined at Linthwaite [Hall], with Mr. Thornton.

—25th.—Many friends came to our house—dined here. Some stayed all night. Many were at chapell. All people having got in their hay, young people were at liberty. Sights of vanity soon call multitudes together. August 3rd.—Studied none to-day, being withdrawn by the company of my brothers.

—4th.—Studied all day. About 3 o’clock received a letter from Marsden, where brother J. had met with two Lancashire men, who told him sister Margaret was married to one whom my mother was altogether against, and all friends too. O Lord, humble her for her faults: but in mercy cause everything to work for her good, and make the man whom she hath chosen a: loving and suitable companion.

—9th —A close moist day. No sun: when I came to the moor, it proved rain: I preached at Meltham,

there were just 25 persons besides myself. Our days

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66 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693. which we call feasts, are far from being kept as they ought. August 16th.—This is the second day of our shearing. Lord, grant a seasonable harvest. Rode to Deanhead, Mr. Ashton preached. Stayed too late. —23rd.—Rode into Lancashire to Clayton Bridge ; brother and sister had walked out: presently after, came my sister Peggy and her husband, who stayed all night.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE, 67 1693. September 11th.—Being invited, I rode to Crosland, to Adam Dyson’s to dinner, and my landlady with me. About 4 o’clock returned. I

—i2th.—Stayed at home, it was a wet day, but blessed be God, most of our corn about here is housed, and I hope well.

—1l4th.—Studied all day. About 4 Mr. Broome and the Schoolmaster came to see me. Stayed until it was dark.

—23rd.—Designing to preach at Almondbury to- morrow, I did not study anew, but looked over former labours. O Lord, bless my labours at home and abroad. At noon dined with Sir John Kaye, at Slaith- waite. Went with him to Woodsome ; lay all night with Mr. Norris the chaplain.

—24th.—Preached at Almondbury. I bless God for his assistance. Dined and lodged at Woodsome.

—25th.—Took leave this morning, and when I took horse, my horse proved lame, which did indeed trouble me, not being my own.

—27th.—I rode to Honley, to see Dame H., and about half-a-dozen of our neighbouring wives went with me.

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68 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693. October 6th.—Rode over the Moss to baptize a child. Dined at John Mellor’s, of Wellhouse.

—9th.—It is a very clear pleasant day. The suf is more delightsome than rain and clouds ; but these have their use as well as the sun. And so have afflictions as well as consolations. —1lth.—This day also is very fair and clear, but windy. The best of comforts are mixed with some alloys ; nothing is perfect in this world. I bless God, I want nothing in this world. I have friends and fulness, conveniences and delights, and some incon- veniences, and small inconsiderable troubles. I desire to be truly thankful for what I have, and consider the defects and imperfections of worldly happiness to raise my affections higher.

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THE REV, ROBERT MEEKE. 69 1693. October 25th.—Went to Golcar, to gather chapell wages ; received but 16s. instead of 40s. and more. Trade is bad and money scarce. —26th.—Rode to Stainland, baptized two children, one in the house of Thomas Lockwood, where there hath not been a child born this 80 years and above. —30th.—Dined at Abraham Beaumonts, of Meltham, with a new married couple, viz., Mr. Radcliffe* and his wife. After dinner we went into the town to drink a _ shot, as the custom is. We stayed so long that it was late before [ came home, Mr. Broome being with me. November 7th.—Aunt Hyde came and cousin Robert Tr., whom I had not seen for some years. After dinner I went with them to Shepley. Lay all night at Mr. Matthewman’s.t —8th.—About noon returned home. —13th.—I rode with my landlady and a neighbour to see a friend about four miles off. It was dark and a very thick mist upon Crosland Moor as we returned back. I was got out of my aim, and knew not where I was. My landlady was much dejected and out of hopes, but blessed be God for his guiding providence, which brought us right off the moor at last, to a place

* This was Mr. Abraham Radcliffe, of Almondbury, an attorney, who married Mary, daughter of Abraham Beaumont, of Meltham, by whom he had three children, viz., Abraham, William and Sarah. She died in 1700. He afterwards married Abigail, daughter of Luke Wilson, of Mytham Bridge, near Holmfirth.

+ Mr. Richard Matthewman, of Cliff Top, in Shepley.

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70 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693. I knew, and in the road where I borrowed a boy and lanthorne to guide us over another moor; I desire, with thankfulness, to remember this

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THE REY. ROBERT MEEKE. 71 1693. I December 9th.—Studied all forenoon. After dinner went to visitasick woman. AsI came away I visited an old man who is not sick, but very weak, poor, and ina miserable condition. Formerly he was well to live, had a great household, and now hath not a good bed to lye on. It is said he was prodigal, careless, shiftless : however it is, it may teach me the mutability of worldly riches, which take wing and flee. O my soul, seek thou after those which are the true riches, Luke xvi, 2. —15th.—God be merciful unto me. I am afraid of thy judgments. Iam not so much afraid of sin as of shame and suffering. Lord, convince me of my folly, and make me as much an enemy of sin as I am to shame and death. —24th.—Preached by Godl’s assistance both ends I and when I had concluded, desired some of the heads of the chapellry to meet me to morrow to consider the repairs of the chapell.

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72 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1693-4. clergy were sworn. Counsel pleaded on both sides, viz., for Sir M. Wentworth and Mr. Beaumont. At last the jury were to bring in their verdict. They could not agree; but twelve were for Beaumont and six for Wentworth.* I January

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THE REY, ROBERT MEEKE. 73 1693-4. January 29th.—Dined at Greenhead. March 7th.— Was desired to make away a difference between neighbours, which I undertook to do, going with another. We made an end. Lord, make me willing and useful unto, and successful in peacemaking, betwixt men, according to justice, betwixt thee and sinners, according to the gospel. —J]2th.—The weather is seasonable. Seed-time promising, and at present plenty of corn, though trading is so bad, and money so scarce that the poor can get neither work nor wages. Lord, pity the poor, for thy mercy’s sake, and put an end to our wars, which may occasion our ruin.

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74 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. the sacrament. Dined at Thom. Greaves ; afterwards went to visit several sick persons, who desired the sacrament of communion. April 4th.—Rode to Marsden and met some friends there, who came to the marriage of cousin Alice Holl- ingworth. Called as I came home at Booth.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 79 1694. he apologized for himself about some things which happened in that affair; and I find he giveth this character of am, naturally, of a foolish,

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80 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. June 9th.—Richard Bowkerlay with me, my landlord’s nephew, who being bound apprentice to a merchant, was sent a voyage into Virginia and Barbadoes : as he returned, the ship, where he was, all the men and goods were taken by the French, and carried prisoners to Saint Malos, lay some four or five days there, and then were exchanged. —10th—Preached at home in the forenoon; in the afternoon at Meltham. Mr. Broome being among his friends. I

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At night when I was praying with the family, I was suddenly taken with such a hoarseness, I could not speak without very great difficulty. O Lord, how sinful and frail

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82 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. look at the worst, with the darkest countenance, they _ prove better ; and on the contrary, when they promise the fairest, they sometimes disappoint the soonest. July

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July 7th.—Read all forenoon; after dinner, Mr. Smith and I went down to the town, sent for Mr. Broome. Stayed till towards night. —8th.—Preached at Deanhead. Dined at George Hoyle’s. After the evening sermon, many came to stay with me before I took horse. Lord, make me thankful for friends, and teach me to walk friendly, christianly, and gravely, as becometh a minister of the gospel. —9th.—Walked to Mr.

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84 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. July 15th.—Preached this morning upon a text something suitable to what happened; one being to do publie penance. Preached from I Tim. v, 20, which I prepared yesterday. In the afternoon, preached at Meltham. —18th—Lay long this morning, when I should have performed my morning duty to my Creator, Preserver, and Benefactor; was dull, distracted, dis- ordered in my thoughts and affections. Lord, grant me a spirit of prayer and praise. Give me all grace to do thy will, and to behave myself as a minister of Christ, both in thy sight, and the sight of men. ‘Was reading a piece of the Government of the Tongue. My own conscience convinced me of some sins therein exposed. I sometimes speak rashly, unadvisedly. Lord pardon me, and give me prudence to refrain.

—20th.— This forenoon, took up some time in writing to my friends; time and distance of place, almost weareth out the remembrance of relations, but, Lord, no time or place can separate me from thy loving kindness.

—21st.— Went to my studies. It is a dark day, and maketh haymakers dubious what to do. Some- times God’s providence seems to be so, and good men are put a little to the stand ; but thy law is a rule at all times. ‘Lord, teach me to understand it. Many things I understand better than I practice; for I know I ought not to do many things which I do.

—25th.—To-day was our feast. Many were at our house. Relations stayed all night.

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THE REV. ROBERT MEEKE. 85 1694. July 27th.—We got all our hay in, but some few cocks. It has been a plentiful, seasonable haytime. —29th.—This morning when I first awoke, I forgot it was Sunday—began the day with sin—when my conscience awaked, was sore troubled, for my aggra- vated transgression ; humbled myself and acknowledged my provocation. Prayed for mercy and grace. —30th.—Went to my study. Set myself to some further preparations, designing a journey on Wednes- day. It is cloudy, thick and foggy weather. Lord grant me a seasonable, comfortable journey. I take such great journeys seldom. August Ist.—I set forwards this morning, having my landlord’s company, towards Leeds.

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86 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. I August 4th.—Saturday. We rode to Bridlington, and met with company there, and stayed all night. —5th.—Preached at Flamborough, both ends of the day. I bless God for his assistance. —6th.—Rode to Skipsey ; dined with some relations : should have received £11 rent, and received no more than 34s.

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and yet that difference breedeth heats, dissensions, divisions, prejudice, jealousies, suspicions, censorious judgings, strangeness and coldness of charity and christian affection amongst friends. I am afraid this is the effect of such separate meetings, and different modes of worship. Lord, take away all matters of contention—occasions of division, and let there be one plain and indisputable method established according to the Gospel, in such decency and order, in which, all pious, peaceable and sound divines, may agree to worship the sacred Trinity with reverence and godly fear. In the meantime, teach persons of all per- suasions, to know where consisteth the true knowledge of Christ, and a sound profession of the Faith. O that every one would rightly apply that of St. Paul, Rom. xiv. 17, August 31st.—My aunt paid me £14, which was part of a legacy left me by aunt Gr.—I received £7 short of what I ought to have done ; because the executors pre- tended the estate left would not reach to pay the full. I bless God for what I have. My heavenly father, who hath taken care of me, and found me friends ever since I was fatherless, is the principal donor; to him be praise for all his benefits. If any unjustly make them less, Lord, grant me patience and them pardon. The money being left in my aunt’s hands, and an acquittance with it, I signed it, and received the money with a small legacy for my nephew. Went to Denton, dined there, was told the executors had assets in their hands. Who is in the fault, I know not, but that in this world we meet with many temptations. The things of the world

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88 EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF 1694. are bones of contention, which breed many quarrels between brother and brother, neighbour and neighbour, but I desire to prefer love and peace, before a few worldly trifles. Lord, teach and incline my heart always to choose the best things. Amen. Thus ends the portion of the diary contained in this volume—which was originally occupied by Latin alle- taphysics, very beautifully written, in the handwriting of Mr. Meeke, and probably his father or elder brother.


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Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way, With blossom’d furze unprofitably gay, There, in hig noisy mansion skill’d to rule, The village master taught his little school; A man severe he was, and stern to view, I knew him well, and every truant knew:

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In this age of education it is not uncommon to ignore the efforts made by individuals in preceding generations in that direction, although they were the more difficult and meritorious for their comparative rarity. Many schools connected with the monasteries probably perished at the time of their dissolution. Some remain as part of our cathedral establishments. But it is certain that learning was in general limited to a few, and they of noble or gentle descent : for even the clergy were not generally able to preach. King Edward the Sixth, and the Sovereigns who succeeded him, founded many grammar schools. Among the latest was that of Philip and Mary at Clithero, which was endowed with the rectorial tithes and the advowson of the ancient and extensive parish of Almondbury, in the county of York, which had belonged to the theological college of Jesus at Rother- ham ; suppressed by Henry

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FOUNDATIONS, many pious persons, lay as well as clerical, established and endowed FREE SCHOOLS in towns and villages; which exist by virtue of their corporate character until this day ; and which have been abundantly useful in former times by encouraging local genius ; although they have not kept pace with the increase of the population, or risen with the advancement of science. And though it may be doubted whether they were ever very extensively useful as “CHARITY SCHOOLS,” from them proceeded most of the able men, who in our universities rose to distinction, and adorned their stations in after life;

but who otherwise would have been left as flowers

“To blush unseen I And waste their fragrance on the desert air.”

But these

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We shall not enter into the vexed questions of the present day on these subjects, including the new Acts relative to endowed schools and elementary education, whether sacred or secular, but record the progress of a particular instance—the FREE SCHOOL of SLAITHWAITE, five miles from and in the parish of Huddersfield.

We cannot, however, but that the modern appliances afforded by collegiate schools, church and mechanics’ institutes, literary and scientific societies, have done much to alleviate the sufferings and encourage the hopes of humble merit—no longer left to perish, as lamented by Beattie, in the opening stanza

of “The Minstrel.” “Ah! who can tell how hard it is to climb The steep where Fame’s proud temple shines afar, Ah! who can tell how many a soul sublime Has felt the influence of malignant star, And waged with fortune an eternal war, Mocked by the scoff of pride, by envy’s frown, Or poverty’s unconquerable bar, In life’s low vale remote has pined alone, Then dropped into the grave, unpitied and unknown.”

Whilst thus these modern institutions and other. helps to adult education have opened the field to every earnest adventurer, and facilitated the advance of youth in those studies which prepare them for the contests of university distinction, or the civil and military service competition: a general improvement in all the larger grammar schools is diffusing a liberal education through other classes of the community. It is not, however, our duty to despise or forget the pioneers of education: the village schoolmaster of Goldsmith was not an exaggerated picture, and the

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sterner features of his character are perhaps missed too much in modern discipline. _ The writer of this memorial was not indebted to any of those ancient foundations for his early instruction ; although entitled, as a native and burgess’ son, to a free education in the royal free grammar school of King Edward the Sixth, at Shrewsbury. The

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however; at that time existed only in name, as it had been suspended since the decease of the last preceding master, Mr. John Hargreaves, in 1838 ; the rents of the endowment being accumulated to defray the cost of re-building a barn which had been burnt down on one of the estates ; and the schoolhouse itself being in a very ruinous and dilapidated condition. Proofs of the former usefulness of this school were abundant ; but it had so much declined of late years, that in 1835, the writer’s predecessor, the Rev. Thomas Jackson, B.D., had engaged one of the former scholars, Mr. John Mellor, to commence a school in connection with the “ National Society for promoting the education of the poor on the principles of the Established Church.” It was held in a large, but low room, or vestry, under the church, and where about one hundred scholars were taught on Sundays and week days. Sunday schools had existed in different parts of the parochial district since 1783, but had been collected in 1810 in this room, under the official superintendence of Mr. George Mellor, uncle of the young master, and who filled that office until his death in 1857—a period of forty-six years. The nephew continues in efficiency as chief national schoolmaster and joint Sunday school superintendent unto this day. Such were in 1839 the public provisions for educa- tion in Slaithwaite—a village forming the centre of a population of about five thousand souls, residing in the townships of Slaithwaite, Lingards, Golcar, and Linth-

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Barratt, also existed, both in the township of Lingards. An attempt had been made, as will be hereafter related, in the year 1825, to supply a superior school, by the erection of the building now called School Terrace, as a proprietary grammar school, by shares, and for some years it flourished under the Rev. John Butterfield, but was now extinct. The surviving trustees of the old endowment, and especially Mr. Richard Varley, the treasurer, afforded the writer access to the deeds and records of the school, and entered into his plans for restoration and revival But there were legal as well as pecuniary difficulties which it took above seven years to overcome, partially, so as to rebuild and restore the school; and twenty years to establish Tat

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The origin of this school can be traced no higher than the time of the Incumbency of the Reverend Robert Meeke, who was appointed to the curacy of Slaithwaite Chapel, in the parish of Huddersfield, in the year 1685 ;in whose diary it is first mentioned. This laborious and benevolent man “ began to catechize the children,” probably in the chapel, in June, 1689. He speaks of the school in January, 1692, as adjoining the chapel, and his putting alock on a door betwixt — the chapel and school ; and that he met with a person _who desired to be schoolmaster, ‘“‘gave him no answer, but left him to the town men.” It was therefore a Parochial School which Mr, Meeke superintended, and in the management of which he consulted the sagest of his neighbours and parishioners. We know nothing more until the year 1721, when Mr. Meeke endowed the school with a freehold estate at Sowood, in Stainland, parish of Halifax ; which he bought at the same time with the adjoining lands, which were conveyed to the Trustees of Queen Anne’s Bounty, for the benefit of the Curate of Slaithwaite for the time being; and which still form the principal endowment of the living. The original Trust Deed of the School dated June 21st, 1721, is not now to be found, but an old abstract

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exists, and the deed was duly registered at Wakefield. It provided for the free instruction of ten scholars, boys and girls, in reading, writing, and arithmetic. The curate of Slaithwaite for the time being, is to be a Trustee, but may not be the master; the latter is to have no cure of souls, that he may be able to attend to his school, necessary study, and lawful recreation.

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should be distributed in Bibles, New Testaments, and Common Prayer Books, according to the discretion of the warden, the minister, and three or four understand- ing men belonging to the chapel. If the occasional profits should be thought too much for Bibles, &c. the feoffees intrusted should bestow it in buying warm and decent wearing cloaths for some of the poorer children.” It needs no comment to set forth the pious disposition of the founder, or his attachment to the established church ; although himself the son of a learned and pious presbyterian minister, the Reverend William Meeke, of Manchester, who held a chapel then on Sal- ford bridge, whilst that form of religion was established in England ; but who suffered temporary imprisonment in 1651, from the independents, on account of his supposed attachment to the cause of King Charles IL, and died in 1658. But the christian faith of his son may be illustrated by the preamble to his will, already given. lt has been recently discovered that the eldest son of the above was curate of Slaithwaite, for a short period previous to Mr. Robert Meeke’s incumbency, as appears from the register of his burial in the Parish Church of Huddersfield, 8th August, 1684. He became B.A., of St. Mary’s Hall, Oxford, 1677. ‘The parish school may therefore have had its origin in the time and care of the Rev. William Meeke, the younger. The same register gives :— Jacobus Marcroft, Preedicator Verbi Dei Apud Slath- waite, bur. 14 July, 1621.

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Ralph Johnson, curate of Slagthwaite, 29th Mar., 1622. Hannah, wife of Thomas Gunner,

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The Second Endowment Deed, dated 25th December,

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thereafter, be elected and chosen by the trustees, the survivor or survivors of them during their lives; and afterwards by the vicar of Huddersfield, the curates of Slaighwaite and Deanhead for the time being and their respective successors for ever.

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Bothomley during his life, and after his decease by the curate, chapelwarden, and overseer of the poor forever. VITI.—If any of the children prove incorrigible after due admonition, and moderate correction, such children are to be displaced and others elected in their room.

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letters of orders are extant. In addition to this salary, a collection was made from house to house throughout the parish—which is ten miles long, and at that time had only three chapels, Marsden, Honley, and Meltham.

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The writer has often heard Mr. Murgatroyd spoken of with the greatest respect Ly those who recollected him. His copious and laborious manuscript collections, ex- tracts and journals, and several other books were kindly presented to the Incumbent of Slaithwaite and (except the journals, which have been returned to the family at their request) now form a permanent addition to the Library, bequeathed by Mr. Meeke. These writings have thrown much light upon many parts of our local history. Those who recollect his person, describe Mr. Murgatroyd as a tall and venerable look- ing man, who wore a powdered wig and long cloak. His habits were temperate and pious. He was anative of Weathercock Fold, in the parish of Halifax. His father was William Murgatroyd, a blacksmith by trade. His mother was daughter of William Fairbank, of Halifax. They were possessed of some freehold pro- perty which still remains in the family of Mellor, into which Mr. Murgatroyd married. The first account we have of him is contained in the first volume of his M.S. collection. It is a testimonial addressed to a gentleman of the same name, the Rev. Mr. Murgatroyd, of Kirkleatham, by a Kester Metcalf, dated July, 1737 ; and describes him as son of William Mur- gatroyd, late of Harley Royd, but now of Halifax, eighteen years of age ; desirous of being made a scholar, and having been several years under the care of Mr. Wadsworth, schoolmaster, of Rishworth—a_ sedate, thinking, and promising boy ; who reads the following authors, viz.: Greek Testament, Homer, Juvenal and Persius, with tolerable judgement, and makes exercises

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heaton, Kirkburton, Lightcliffe, Longwood, Marsden,

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joyed by modern schools and schoolmasters to read his description of the original school house, contained in a Memorial to Lord Guildford and North, who had married the widow of Lord Viscount Lewisham, daughter and heiress of Sir Arthur Kaye, Bart. ; through whom the Manor of Slaithwaite-cum-Lingards, and other estates passed to the noble family, by whom they are still held. His Lordship, and John Kaye,

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nature and difference between right and wrong, with the duties and obligations resulting therefrom. ‘ Children, like tender oziers, take the bow; And as they first are bent, will after grow.’ Another thing of the utmost consequence to children, but alas! too much neglected in this age, viz., that parents should be extremely cautious not to contradict by their actions thuse rules of virtuous conduct which the child has been taught to observe, for example is much more prevalent than precept. If children can acquire the Latin tongue in their youth with ease, it is very well, and may be useful to understand the derivation and exact meaning of their own English ; but I do think many boys are kept drudging at Latin books, which time they might have better spent in learning the use of the points, and how to spell, read, and write English perfectly, and how to adapt all parts of arithmetic to the real uses of life: there is employment for a great while to read the Spectators, Tatlers, Guardians, Tillotson’s Sermons, the author of the Whole Duty of Man’s Works, and our own English Poets, and I know several women, who by reading no other than such books, can both speak and. write good sense in a correct stile, without ever knowing one word of Latin in their lives.

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Four years afterwards Mr. Murgatroyd wrote in the highest terms of commendation of his pupil, James Horsfall, to this sensible lawyer in London, praying him to save him from becoming a blacksmith, to which trade his father had taken him, and to which the lad patiently and obediently submitted. Mr. Horsfall at first gave no encouragement to the application thinking the good master too sanguine in his estimate and expectation, but ultimately seems to have adopted and promoted him, and in a letter dated 13th Sep- tember, 1756, speaks of him to his father in such terms as shew that he fully realized the good character given of him: and in subsequent correspondence be- tween them, Mr. Horsfall expresses his grateful regard to his old: master, who in turn congratulates him on being unanimously elected by the Royal Society to some office or membership,—connected with calculations. The letter is characteristic. Slaighwaite, Augt. 21, 1770.

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the Royal Society, their unanimity pleases me. Some- thing extraordinary was foreseen. ‘They were big of hopes, and you will convince them they were not deceived in their expectations. If health be enjoyed, your genius will do great and noble things: the public will have great reason to reward and thank you for the services you will do them; having got the reins into your own hands, you will use them dexterously, yet discreetly, yet be frequently gathering laurels. My prophecy to your late Uncle will, I verily believe, have its accomplishment. This is far better sport than drudgery in a smithy: there is Utile dulce, and I believe your father is very well satisfied, He is, to all appearance, on the verge of eternity. “A pleasing dreadful thought,” yet I or you may die before him.— A monitor for us both. I told him the other day you was soaring in the skies I [high] above, the master going before, but the scholar following after. He answered you might question it. Like Sir Thomas More, a joke pleases him, though on the verge of the grave. His family and mine, are, thank God, in good health, as I hope yours are. Nancy is mightily pleased with the head dress I mentioned, and thanks you—long looked for is come at last. Such is children’s temper. If you see me in London streets, perhaps you will say, there’s a wonder of wonders. my old master is come to town : I will make much of him. Mrs. Murgatroyd and I join in most hearty well wishes to Mrs. Horsfall, the children, and yourself. I am, dear Sir, Your obliged Master and Friend, JoHN

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We have no further account of Mr. Horsfall, except that he paid a visit to his father in 1760. His mother had died in 1758,—his father died 19th November, 1770. Mr Murgatroyd attended him in death, and preached his funeral Sermon. How far, therefore, James answered the further expectations of his de- lighted Master does not appear ; but sufficient remains to shew the usefulness of a school thus conducted— and the good influence which Mr. Murgatroyd must have exercised during nearly half a century of teaching, and seventy years of residence and occasional ministry in Slaithwaite, and the surrounding country. May 30, 1789, he writes :—“ This day, by the day of the month, fifty-one years ago, I began to be the Master of a School. Old David Eagland entered me in Slaighwaite School. I hope that the Lord has ever been my guide, both in my private and public capacity hitherto; where and when

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of the Author, just a century after the completion of the former rebuilding of the schoolhouse, then again in progress. So good a man could scarcely escape persecution, and such he seems to have suffered when he officiated at Marsden, in the year 1779. See Annals of the Church in Slaithwaite, page 58. THe

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Drawing Master. I am of opinion that all the Masters in that School during the time I was there discharged their several duties in a faithful and con- scientious manner.” From the information of Mr. Joseph Bolton, of Sharehill, Golcar, in 1843, when. he was between 70 and 80 years of age, the author learned that Thomas Bolton, senior, was a native of Lancashire and grandfather to Joseph, that John, son of Thomas, was his cousin, and that Thomas, another brother of John, assisted him in the school, and succeeded him. That the family of Thomas junior, were christened at Heptonstall, agreeing with Mr. Murgatroyd’s note, as to the father of John Bolton living there. The family were delicate in health. In Mr. Murgatroyd’s list of scholars in 1738, I find the following first on the list— Dead.—[ Boulton Thomas. entred ffree May 31st, 1738. I And in his journal, January 6th, 1797, “James Haywood says Mr. Boulton to all appearance lies dying—William Varley call’d to know about the School.” ——Again, January 30, 1790—“ N.B. Notice was given this afternoon by the Clark in-ye new Chapel for a Meeting to be held at Landlord Sykes’s, ye next Wednesday to fix on a Schoolmaster of S.S. to succeed Mr. Boulton, deceased.” Some difficulty seems now to have arisen respecting the election of a Master in consequence of the diversity of direction in the two original Trusts; which had been renewed in 1749 and 1784—for the election was vested by one in the Local Trustees, and

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by the other in three Clergymen, the Vicar of Huddersfield, the Incumbent of Slaithwaite, and the Incumbent of Deanhead, Scammonden ; and _ this difficulty was not fully obviated until 1859, when the new Scheme of Management was obtained. Hence I read further in Mr. Murgatroyd’s Journal, after an advertisement being inserted in the public papers, 1790, February 24, ‘‘ They are met at Landlord Sykes’s to-day to appoint a Master to Slaighwaite School to succeed Mr. John Boulton, deceased ; but I’m informed two letters, one from Mr. Powley (Vicar of Dewsbury, late Incumbent), and one from Mr. Ramsden, the new vicar of Huddersfield, have been read to the company in opposition.—So nothing is done till further advice and consideration.—Rev. Mr. Greenwood’s son, from Thornhill, offer’d himself a candidate—then chops in a Smith, ye assistant at Slaighwaite Chapel to stand Candidate for the School. Shameful work

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arithmetic for the boys, reading and sewing only for the girls; but Mr. Walker’s Deed provides for a School of good Literature, and prescribes tie Catechism contained in the Liturgy of the Church of England. The school was the only one in the neighbourhood, except that at Longwood, and afforded means of instruction to the most respectable inhabitants of Slaithwaite, Lingards, Linthwaite, Golcar, and Mars- den, as appears from the testimony of the Rev. James Quarmby already alluded to ; and which will afford the best idea of the School which can be given. He writes to the late Mr. John Varley, of Lingards Corn Mill, January Ist, 1842, “ When I call to mind that the Free School at Slaithwaite was that in which I received my education, first under the tuition of Mr. Bolton, and afterwards under the care of the Rev. Walter Smith, and Mr. Wm. Varley. I was also admitted into the Church, by the sacred ordinance of

Baptism, by that never to be forgotten minister, the Rev. T. Wilson. Iam now a Minister of the Church of England, and have been Curate of this Parish (Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire) for upwards of 22 years, and am treading carefully in those good ways which were pointed out to me by Mr. Wilson. I have two sons and two daughters, both my sons received their education at Alford Grammar School.—From this School both of my sons were admitted into Lincoln College, Oxford, both obtained Scholarships, and by diligent study and the blessing of the Almighty both took a respectable degree of B.A. The eldest, the Rev. G. I. Quarmby, B.A., is Pastor of two Parishes

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near Hull, and the youngest, the Rev. J. R. Quarmby, B.A., is Minister of a Church near Melton Mowbray.”* He adds “I preach two sermons every Lord’s-day— superintend a large Sunday School ; besides which I educate all the poor children in the Parish. The Rector and myself finding books, slates, and every requisite for all in a School, daily in my yard.” Mr. Quarmby appears to have been a good reader, and speaks of the approbation of the Bishop of Oxford in that respect. He was a native of Binns, in Linthwaite: he con- tributed liberally to the comfort of his aged brother, Mr. Joseph Quarmby, who occupied the farm, tilled by his forefathers, until the year 1844, when he gave it up to Sir Joseph Radcliffe, Bart. Mr. Joseph Quarmby was aman of rather dignified bearing, hence he had the familiar designation of “ Lord Grey.” The Rev. James Quarmby died May 15th, 1853. Mr.

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This lamenied Scholar was therefore educated by Mr. Murgatroyd. The Rev. Suitn, B.A., appears to have re- mained only two years at Slaithwaite: he was afterwards Curate at Rastrick, and then at Huddersfield for five years. In 1796 he became Curate of Almondbury, and was elected Master of the Grammar School in 1804—which offices he retained until his death, Oct. 29th, 1821, aged 56 years. His last words were pardon and peace.” The character of his teaching at Slaithwaite may be gathered from his after success at Almondbury, where as Tutor he brought up many excellent men, including the Rev. J. G. Breay, of Birmingham, whose memoirs are extant-—and his son, the late Edmund Smith, Esq., M.D.,of Ilkley oneof the greatest Benefactors of the Diocese. Mr. Smith lies buried in Almondbury Churchyard, on the North East side of the Chancel. Dr. Smith bequeathed £100 to the restoration of the Church of Almondbury: now in Mr.

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noticed. Mr. Hargreaves took boarders, among whom was an eminent brewer and magistrate of Huddersfield, still living. Mr. John Mellor, national schoolmaster, Mr. Jabez E. Mayall,* the eminent photographic artist, and the late Mr. John Bamford, of Barrett, carpenter, and eloquent advocate of the Spade Husbandry, which flourished here about twenty-five years ago, were brought up under Mr. Hargreaves. But the school had sunk very low at the time of Mr. Hargreaves’ decease : and the building was so utterly dilapidated, that the School was entirely suspended by the trustees until Easter 1841.

It is but just, however, to the generation that has passed away to revert again, at this point of time, to a well intentioned effort to establish a school of liberal education in Slaithwaite. About 1824, the time when the formation of the new road from Huddersfield to Manchester passing very near the village of Slaithwaite, led to the building and erection of the Mineral Baths, by the enterprise of the late Mr. Richard Varley, of Lingards, A

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This was for the time a handsome building, and cost £825, which was raised by shares, of which the Earl of Dartmouth held the larger number. It was never conveyed either by lease or sale, but held by the share- holders as a joint-stock society on the parole tenure, then universal in the Manor of Slaithwaite-cum- Lingards, and which was undisputed. The object of the subscribers was to provide a good classical and commercial education for their families and neighbours, which was not afforded at the “Old Free School.” It was in the year 1824 that the school was

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Sunday schools which existed in different parts of the district under his charge, before the churches of Slaita- waite and Golcar were erected, in the large but low room under the church called the Vestry. The Sunday school was conducted by Mr. George Mellor, of High House, in Linthwaite, as it had been previ- ously in the large warehouse near the bridge, assisted by monitors, under the superintendence of the Minister. Here, therefore, on the failure of the other Day Schools, Mr. Jackson, in the year 1835, commenced a NATIONAL

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legal points. ‘That ten children had in the meantime been freely taught in the National School, and cate- chised weekly, at a cost of only £5 per annum. That the Bishop and Archdeacon recommended the union of the school with the Ripon Diocesan Educa- tion Socicty recently formed, with a view to its inspec- tion by an inspector approved by the Bishop; and which was practicable during the vacancy of the master. Plans and estimates for rebuilding were presented and approved ; and the several suggestions above-named were adopted. On the 28th February, 1842, at another meeting, the original site (in the hands of the trustees, but without any definite title) and the new site were vested by a deed of conveyance by the Earl of Dart- mouth (Lord of the Manor), and the Trustees, in the Minister, Churchwardens and Overseers of the parish of Slaithwaite, under the powers of the Act of 1839-40, “For facilitating the conveyance of sites for schools.” The old premises had been taken down on the 17th Tebruary, during which operation an inscription had been discovered bearing the date of 1744. It was resolved to apply to the National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor on the principles of the United Church of England and Ireland, for a grant in aid of the building fund, and to express the readiness of the managers of the school to unite them- selves to the society on the usual terms ; and ultimately by the kind assistance of the Most Reverend Dr. Mus- grave, Archbishop of York, a grant of £50 was obtained. The school was united to that society, and also to the

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Ripon Diocesan Education Society. Contracts having been entered into for the re-build- ing, and a donation of £100 promised by the Earl of Dartmouth, on the condition of the school being united with the latter society, it was resolved to lay the first stone on Easter Monday, March, 28th, 1842. Accordingly on that day in the afternoon, divine service was held in the Church by the Incumbent, after which a procession was formed of the Minister, Chapelwardens, Constable, Trustees, Parish Clerk and and other respectable Inhabitants ; followed by the Master, Mistress, Teachers and Scholars of the National and Sunday Schools, to the number of more than 300: and proceeded from the church in order to the ground. The 100th psalm, old version, was sung by the Church singers, children and spectators, after which the Rev. C. A. Hulbert, offered sereral prayers for a blessing on the undertaking, and delivered an address suitable to the occasion. He then proceeded to lay the first Stone in the name of ths Holy Trinity. Saying, “I lay this Stone for the re-building of Slaithwaite Old Free School, on the principles of the Church of Fngland, in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Amen.” The children then sung a hymn, and returned ‘to the school room, where they received their Annual Rewards in Books. A small box, containing coins of Queen Victoria, and some printed papers, relative to Slaithwaite, was deposlted in a cavity of the stone; and also a pewter plate, with inscriptions recording the event of the day in Latin and English. The building was proceeded with immediately and

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was substantially erected the same summer: but the funds were not adequate to its completion ; and great exertions were made to obtain further donations. The work of Architect was undertaken by Mr. Richard Varley, from plans furnished by the Incumbent and his friends. Some interruptions took place in consc- quence of the disturbances occasioned by a riotous outbreak of Lancashire Operatives who came over Standedge in August and stopped all works. The progress of the buidings internally being also suspended through want of funds, earnest appeals were made to the inhabitants of the village and old scholars of the foundation. Her Majesty Adelaide, the Queen Dowager, responded to the appeal of the Incumbent for the Free School, with a donation of £15, as she had before done to the National School; but it was not until the school was placed under the Inspection of the Committee of Council on Education that an adequate amount was obtained. Their Lordships making a grant of £132, for the School and Master’s House attached. The building was in the meantime visited by the late Earl of Dartmouth and Lord Lewisham, (the present Earl) and the late Lord Bishop of Ripon, (Dr. Longley.) In February 25th, 1846, the Trustees met, and it was reported, that the premises were complete, with iron fencing and all appurtenances, and that there remained no debt but what would be liquidated by the -Grants of the National Society and the Committee of Council, and which were accordingly received. The Trustees then proceeded according to the custom to advertise for a Master, which they did in the

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local papers and in the Times, in which the Incumbent announced the probability of a title for Holy Orders being accepted by the Bishop, on the nomination of the Curate to a Graduate or other duly qualified Master. The result was that Mr. Hulbert received 121 applications, all of which were answered, except one which was expressed in disrespectful terms. Much correspondence ensued respecting the selected candi- dates, and personal interviews. At length Mr. Charles Butler Hulbert, of Trinity College, Dublin—not a relative of the Incumbent within any appreciable degree—was elected by the local Trustees on the 7th May, 1846, and the consent of the Reverend Josiah Bateman, M.A., Vicar of Huddersfield, and the Reverend Ralph Younger, Incumbent of Deanhead and Scammonden, were communicated. On the 22d of June the election of Mr. Hulbert was confirmed, and he being present, the key of the school- house was presented to him by the Minister, Chapel- warden, and

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A sermon was preached in Slaithwaite Church on Sunday, the 19th of July, by the Rev. James Morris Maxfield, Incumbent of Marsden, on the occasion of the RESTORATION OF THE SCHOOL, and the sum of £3 collected towards the fittings of the school-room. Mr. C. B. Hulbert being a married man, without family, his wife undertook the sewing department, and to give general attention to the girls under the Master,


The vessel was thus once more

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very peculiar character being addressed to the Com. mittee of Council (whose inspection, as well as the visitation of the Minister, the Master repudiated,) and to the Earl of Dartmouth, who declined any interference or any correspondence with him, he at length re- signed, Sept. 23d, 1853, and left the Christmas fol- lowing. The school-house, which he was bound to re- pair, being in great dilapidation and the scholars re- duced to a few, and those on very low terms. The farm houses and buildings required also great repair, and it was therefore resolved to suspend the school again, teaching only the necessary number of scholars at the National School. Mr. C. B. Hulbert had attended the examinations in the University of Dublin, and ob- tained the degree of Bachelor of Arts, Frequent ab- sence was again one of the causes of neglect and decay of the school. He was ordained by the late Bishop Philpotts, in the Diocese of Exeter. It is not, however, to be forgotten that the School even during these years conferred valuable benefits on the population around, and its revival as a MIDDLE acceptable to a limited number of the

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was used as a Reading Room, and for various religious and educational uses. In the summer of 1854, a Sale of Work and an Exhibition were held in the School, and fifty pounds raised for the Jubillee Fund of the Church Missionary Society. In the year 1848, it had been found necessary to renew the trust deeds, in consequence of the death or removal of most of the old trustees, which was

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adviser, Wm. Fenton Kenny, Esq., of Halifax), who had always been much interested in Slaithwaite and its in- stitutions, and sent up to the Commissioners ; who, having revized it, formed a scheme of their own, which was referred to the Trustees for consideration, and which, after some amendments, was accepted. The Commissioners adopted a Report accompanying the Scheme, for confirmation to the County Court of

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THE MEEKE AND WALKER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE. I It was inaugurated by a public Meeting, at which the Earl of Dartmouth presided, and Rules were adopted, October 27th, 1859, which continue until this day. The Noble Earl and his Countess having greatly aided its success by Subscriptions and Prizes, and by their presence at the Annual Soirees, which have been held now for fifteen years. The Establishment of the

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took any active part in its affairs. In the meantime many advantages had been obtained for the Institution, including the patronage of the Earl of Dartmouth. Connected with the above event was the proposal of moral regulations and qualifications which were dis- tasteful to some parties, and the religious restriction was objected to by others. Mr. Hulbert however, con- tinuing his Membership, though not active labours, was enabled to prevent the entire dissolution of the Institution, which had sunk down to a few Members, and the distribution of its property by the residue. Tt was however renewed by the exertions of Mr. Edwin Sugden and other well disposed persons, who requested the Incumbent to resume its presidency, which he declined unless it should be permanent, It has however gone forward and prospered, and a handsome building has been erected at the corner of Linthwaite, nearest to Slaithwaite, and where also a Week-day School is conducted. Mr. John Sugden has been for many years the active and zealous Secretary. Several gentlemen have successively occupied the situa- tion of President ; and forwarded its useful labours on what are now called “ unsectarian principles” In the meantime evening classes were opened in the National School and Free School, under Ministerial influence and superintendence, which ultimately led to and were merged in the ‘‘Meeke and Walker Educational Institute,” combining a settled foundation of Faith and Endowment, supplemented by voluntary donations and School-pence. The Annual Reports of the Institution are replete with interest ; the first master was Mr. Samuel Mellor.

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In 1866 the necessary repairs of the School property having been accomplished, the sum of £107 received for the sale of property at Sowerby to the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, together with a grant of £65 from the Committee of Council, and a donation of £62 received from the Earl of Dartmouth ; these several sums were invested in the purchase of a part of the Building, originally erected by the Share- holders of the Proprietary School in Lingards, on advantageous terms (£300), from the Earl of Dartmouth, and permanently added to the proverty of the School. A better house for the Master was thus provided than the one attached to the School, being more pleasantly situated and more commodious, and having a small garden attached. The remainder of the building and land was at the same time conveyed to the Trustees of the National School for the like purposes. The Deeds were freely provided at the expense of the Earl of Dartmouth, and the property of both Trusts much augmented in value and convenience. The Estates at Sowood, in Stainland, belonging to the Church and School, were about the same time let on leuses for twenty one years, at an increased rent, with covenants for repair, &c., to Messrs. Sykes, of Gosport, in that neighbourhood. Such were the arrangements concluded at the time of the nomination of the Incumbent to the Vicarage of Almondbury, by Sir John William Ramsden, Bart., February 26th, 1867. The Vicar continues to be a Trustee under the deed of 1848, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles Augustus Hulbert, junior,

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M.A., of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, at that time Curate of Bowdon, Cheshire, as Incumbent, and who became

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writer of this Memorial, now in the thirty-sixth year of his connection, finds the greatest happiness of his life in witnessing the fruit of the seed corn cast upon the waters, after many days (Eccles. xi., 1), and int he grateful manner in which nearly all who have been occupied as Teachers, and many Scholars, have added their names as Subscribers to this publication. At Christmas, 1851, nine schoolmasters, reared in the schools, presented him with a suit of Clerical and Academic Robes, and the address attached remains among his most valued testimonials. Many other Masters and Mistresses are scattered over the kingdom.

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Wuitst the foregoing pages have been in the press, two solemn events have occurred, which claim some notice here—the sudden decease of the Rev. Reginald M. Hulbert, M.A., and of Joseph Hirst, Esq., J.P. The former having been referred to as one of the scholars ; and to the latter the present publication had been dedicated.


Third son of the Reverend Charles Augustus and Mary Hulbert, departed this life under affecting circumstances on the 20th of November, 1874, at No. 22, Spencer Square, Ramsgate, Kent. Having landed on the Ist of that month at Southampton on his return from India on sick leave, as one of Her Majesty’s Junior Chaplains for the Madras Presidency, aged 31 years. He was born on the 9th of July, 1843, at Slaithwaite Parsonage, and received his first instruction from parental care, and at the Slaithwaite Free School for a short period under Mr. Charles Butler Hulbert, then master. On the suspension of the School he was removed to the Huddersfield

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deserving student, He proceeded in 1863 to Gonville and Caius College, and took his degree there of B.A. in the first class of ordinary degrees in 1866, and M.A. in 1869. He had early conceived a strong desire for Missionary labour in India or China, which never abated. Having passed creditably the Theological Examinations, he was ordained a Deacon by the Lord Bishop of Ripon in September, 1866, and licensed with that view, as supernumerary curate to his father at Slaithwaite ; but on the unexpected appointment of the latter to the important and populous Vicarage of Almondbury in February, 1867, he became immediately resident Curate, and entered upon his labours in a truly missionary spirit; exploring the scattered population, especially that around Longley Hall. After four years and a half thus devoted, he was invited by the Rev. Canon Camidge, in 1871, to undertake the Curacy of the Parish Church, Wakefield, where he laboured with much zeal and success, residing, as he had done at Almondbury, in the Vicarage as a son. Here he remained until March, 1874, when he left England by the overland route to Madras, having been appointed by Her Majesty on the nomination of the Duke of Argyle, and the recommendation of several dignituries, to an office which seemed to give scope to his Missionary desires, whilst it was honourable and important in itself. He occupied himself during the whole of the journey and voyage -in distributing Bibles, Testaments, and Tracts in various languages. Unfortunately he went to India too late in the spring, and encountered immediately the extreme heat of the Southern Peninsula. The Bishop of Madras, with whom he stayed a short time, says in his letter to Canon Hulbert, dated September 14,

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He soon acquired sufficient knowledge of the Tamil language to be able to officiate in some measure to the natives, which he did on the interesting occasion of a Communion of Native and other Missionaries. He, however, took cold, which fixed on his lungs and heart—and the Bishop added :—‘ But I regret to hear that he has broken dewn, and that a Committee of Medical men have reporied that he must return home immediately on sick leave for two years,—but with strong apprehensions of

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Mr. Hirst was much interested by descent and education in the Township of Lingards, in the Chapelry of Slaithwaite, and contributed liberally on several occasions to its School- buildings. But he was the son of Mr. Thomas Hirst, a manufacturer of plain cloth at Greave, near what has now become the hamlet of Wilshaw, and who married Mary, one of the daughters of Mr. William Brook, of Thick Hollins and Meltham Mill, the patriarch of a large and wealthy family. Joseph Hirst was born at Greave, in January, 1805, and followed the clothing business with success. He married about the age of twenty-six, Miss Ramsey, of Chester, an amiable lady, with whom he lived in happy union till the painful bereavement which leaves his widow to mourn his irreparable loss. On the occasion of his marriage his uncle, Jonas Brook, (of the now world-renowned house of Jonas Brook and Brothers, Meltham Mills), presented him as a “ wedding gift” with the plot of land on which he erected the original Wilshaw Villa ; and as Mr. Hirst was able on the death of his uncle to purchase the whole of the Wilshaw estate, from this present has grown up the flourishing manufacturing establishment and village at Wilshaw, with its Church, Parsonage, and Schools, all erected and endowed at the expense of the owner. He had acquired great wealth in consequence of the acknowledged, indeed proverbial, excellence of his manufacture, entirely pure wool, no adulteration being permitted, and by the equally proverbial uprightness of all his business transactions. His only child, Mary, the wife of Alfred Beaumont, Esquire, died suddenly soon after her confinement with her babe, June 9th, 1859, aged 27 years. This was the great affliction of his life. He gave a new pulpit to Meltham Church, and afterwards built St. Mary’s Church, Wilshaw, as memorials of her. He also purchased an estate at Thornton Hough, in Cheshire, where he also erected a more costly Church and Schools—and all were liberally supported by his personal influence and means. Being bereft of the prospect of descendants, he devoted a large portion of his increasing wealth to Christian and benevo-

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lent objects; his contributions to which cannot have been less than £50,000. He contributed £350 to the Restoration of the ancient mother Church of Almondbury, besides furnishing cushions and mats for the seats, on condition that they were all to be free and unappropriated for ever, and that a notice significant of that fact should be publicly exhibited. He con- tributed munificently to the erection or restoration of many Churches in the Rural Deanery of Huddersfield, always on the same conditions—and to various other objects, to which as a Christian, a Churchman, and a Conservative citizen he was attached. He was a man of much personal kindness and courtesy, with great plainness of speech and straightforward conduct, based on sound piety,—and now ‘he rests from his labours, and his works do follow him.” When this work was preparing for the press, Mr. Hirst was solicited to allow it to be dedicated to him, to which he kindly gave consent. In consequence of unavoidable delay in publication, it now becomes our mournful and painful duty, while giving that dedica- tion, to regret his decease, and thus express the painful void which his death has occasioned over a large district where his valuable and benevolent influence has long been felt, We are happy to learn that the Funeral Sermon Preached at Wilshaw by the Rev. J. 8. C. Spencer, is

in the press, with a Memoir attached.

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Page xv (note).—For suggestions read suggestion.—John

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Christmas, 1874.


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1840 AND 1874. SOURCES. Free Total General Total from School Co t Remarks. Voluntary I Voluntary Trust. ost. Contributions, Sources. z

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Adelaide, Queen, 130 Aldom, Rev. J. W., 144 Almondbury Church, 41, 49, 61, 105 Grammar School, 92 Aneley, Michael, 100, 101 Arderne Family, xi, Sir John, xii, 142, 166. Ralph, 1. Doctor, 29 Argyle, Duke of, 142 Armitage, of Thickhollins, 13 Armitage, Sir Elkanah, 147 Ashton, Rev., 29, 43, 66 Bamford, Joshua, 95, 113 Bamforth, James, 137 Bamforth, of Roe, 57 Barber, Fairless, Esq., iv Barratt, Thomas, 96 Bateman, Rev. Josiah, 131 Baxter, Rev. Richard, xvi Beaumont, of Meltham, 60 Beaumont, Richard,

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INDEX. 151

Greenhead, 9 Gunner, Rev. Thomas, 100 Haigh, of Netherton, 13 Haigh, Thomas, Esq., 127 Halifax, Savile, Marquis of, 30 Hanson, of Royds Hall,47,77 Hargreaves, John, 116, 123 Harrogate, 52 Heywood Family, xii, i Heywood, 21, 147 Hirst, Joseph of Wilshaw, Esq., 144 Hollingworth Family, xii Horsfall, James, 111 Hulbert,Rev.Canon, 129, 141 Hulbert, Rev. C. A., jun., 138 Hulbert, Rev.Charles Butler, 131, 132 Hulbert, Rev. Reginald M., 141 Hunter, Rev. Joseph, 45, 146 Hyde, Rev. Salford, 63 Hyde Family, x, xi, xv, 26, 27, 31, 42, 57, 68 Huddersfield Church, xxi, 67 Huddersfield Collegiate 94, 141 Jackson, Johnson, Rev. Ralph, 100 Kaye, Sir John, 8. Son, 28, 62 Kaye, of Denby Grange, 28 Kenny, W. Fenton, Esq., 135 Kidd, Martin, Esq., 134 Kirkheaton Rectory, xviii, 74 Patronage Disputed, 71 Knaresborough, 52 Knight, Rev. Sam, 121 La Hogue, Victory of, 50 Lampen, Rev. 8. P., 133 Lascelles Hall, xviii, 15, 27, 36, 118, 52, 60, 62 Leake, Rev. John, 41 Legh, Rev. Dr., vicar of Halifax, 106, 108 Leech, Rev.. 1, 66, 74 Lingarths, 58 Linthwaite Hall, 2 Lockwood, of Blackhouse, 33

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152 INDEX.

Philipson, Rev. Carus, 10, 17, 49, 73 Powley, Rev. Matthew, 110, 119 Pollard, William, 47 Poole’s Annolations, xix, 49 Presbyterian Ordination at Hopton, 78 Quarmby, Rev. James, 117, Family, 120° Queen Annie’s Bounty, xx Radcliffe Family, 46 Radcliffe, Sir Joseph, 121 Ramsden, Madam, Burial of, 41, 147 Ramsden, Sir J. W., 92,138 Ramsden Family, of Golcar,

Ramsbotham, Rev. W., 13, 33 Rhodes, of Flockton, 50 Richardson, Rev. Christo- pher, xviii, 15, 27, 36, 41, 52, 60 Ripon, Bishop of (Bickers- teth), 142 Riche, of Bull House, 22 Rodes, Sir Edward, xv Rogers, Rev. Thomas, 116 Rotherham, College of Jesus, at, 92 Royal Society, 114 Sagar, Rev. R., 43 Salford Chapel, ix, Rev. J. Scholes, 63 Sharp, Archbishop, 10 Sharp, Rev. Dr., Doncaster, 116. Sheardown, W., do. 117 Slaithwaite National School, 126, Proprietary School, 138, Mechanics’ Institu- tior, 186, Church Schools, table of, 147-8, Ministers Library, ix, Annals of, Xviii, 94 Smith, Rev. John, Deanhead, 82, 83 Smith, Rev. Matthew, 82

Smith, Rev. Walter, 119, 120, 122 Snowden, Rev. Mr., 46 Sowood Hstate. 97, 138 Spencer, Rev. J. H., 144, 145 Spencer, Colonel, xv Stanhope,of Horsforth,50,76 Strange, Lord, xi Sutcliffe, Rev. John, 104 Sugden, Edwin & John, 137 Swift, Rev. Henry, xv, 22 Sykes, of Flathouse, 46

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The Right Honourable the Earl of Dartmouth, (4 Copies) The Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of Ripon The Right Honourable Lord Houghton Sir John William Ramsden, Baronet Sir James Meek, Knight The Right Reverend Bishop Ryan The Dean and Chapter of York The Venerable Archdeacon Cust The Venerable Archdeacon Musgrave, (2 Copies) The Venerable Archdeacon Watkins Edward Ackroyd, Esq., M.P., J.P., Halifax George Armitage, Esq., J.P., Milnsbridge, (2 Copies) John Brooke, Esq., J.P., Kensworth, (2 Copies) Thomas Brooke, Esq., J.P,, F.S.A., Armitage Copies) William Brooke, Esq., J.P., Honley I Robert Critchley, Esq. J.P., Batley Samuel Wood Haigh, Esq., J.P., Bradley Joseph Hirst, Esq., J.P., Wilshaw, deceased, (7 Copies)

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Badcock, Rev. Canon, M.A., Principal of the Training School, Ripon Balme,

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Calvert, Rev. William Bainbridge, M.A,, Vicar of Huddersfield and Rural Dean Calvert, George, Esq., Artist, Hall Bower, Almondbury Capper, Mr. Joe, Builder, Almondbury Carter, Mr. David, Fenton Square, Huddersfield

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Garside, Mr. John, Halifax Gilstrap, Mrs., Fornham Park, Suffolk Girling, Rev. William Henry, Vicar of Linthwaite Gledhill, Mr. Joseph, Cotton Spinner, Slaithwaite Gledhill, Mr. James, Cotton Spinner, Slaithwaite Gorham, Mrs., Ockbrook, Derbyshire Greenway, Rev. J. T., Vicar of Goff’s Oak, Cheshunt, Herts Greenwood, Miss, Sands House, Mirfield Gregory, Rev. James Samuel, Holmfirth Griffiths, Francis, Esq., M.D., F.8.A., Surrey Street, Sheffield Haigh, Mr. Richard, Kirkburton Haigh, Mr. David, Brockholes, Honley Hailstone, Edward, Esq., F.S.A., Walton Hall, Wakefield Hall, Mr. Joseph, National School, Almondbury Harpin, William, Esq., Birks House, Holmfirth Harpin, Herbert, Esq., Ackroyd, Thurstonland Hesslegrave, Joseph, Esq., M.R.O.S., Marsden Hinchliffe, Mr. George, Victoria Mill, Holmfirth Hirst, Mr. John, Manufacturer, Holm, Slaithwaite Hole, Rev. Charles, M.A., Rector of Loxbeare, Devon Hollins, Mr. Thomas, Bookseller, High Harrogate Hornblower, L. B., Esq., Southport I Horsfall, Mrs., Slaithwaite Horsfall, Mr. Samuel, Slaithwaite Horsfall, Mr. George, Slaithwaite (2 Copies) Hough, Rev. George, Vicar of South Crosland Hoyle, Mr. John, Bradley, Huddersfield Hoyle, William, Esq., M.R.C,S., Tyldesley, Manchester Hubert, Monsieur Lewis, Professor of Languages, Huddersfield Hulbert, Rev. Canon, M.A., Vicar of Almondbury Hulbert, Rev. Charles Augustus, junr., M.A., Incumbent of Slaithwaite Halbert, Rev. James Lacy, B.A., English Chaplain, Oarabacel ’ Nice Hulbert, Rev. Reginald Mottershead, M.A., deceased Hulbert, Rey. Percival Wood, M.A., Curate of High Harrogate

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Isaac, Rev. Edward Whitmore, M.A., Vicar of Dewsbury Jackson, Mr. Thomas, Huddersfield James, Rev. Herbert Armitage, M.A., Fellow of St. John’s College, Oxford Jones, James William, Esq., Surveyor, Huddersfield Lacy, Miss, Spencer Square, Ramsgate Lampen, Rev. Stephen Pering, M.A., Vicar of New Wortley Laycock, James

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Pearson, Mr. John, Slaithwaite Phelps, Mrs., Portland Place, Reading Potts, Robert, Esq., M.A., LL.D., Trinity College, Cambridge Quarmby, Mr. Joseph, Buckley Hall, Golcar Quarmby, Mr. James, Rotcher, Slaithwaite Quarmby, Mr. John, Yewtree, Lingards Raine, Rev. James, M.A., Prebendary of York Reid, Mr. William, Slaithwaite Roberts, Rev. Canon, M.A., Rector of Richmond, Yorkshire Roberts, John, Esq., Linthwaite

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Sykes, Mr. T. E., Slaithwaite Sykes, Mr. William, Gas Works, Slaithwaite Taylor, John Edward, Esq., Greenfield Taylor, Thomas, Esg., Coroner, Wakefield Taylor, Miss, Springfield Terrace, Holmfirth Taylor, Mr. Benjamin, Myrtle Grove, Linthwaite Taylor J. J. H., Esq., Croft House, Almondbury Taylor, Rev. Henry, D.D., Westruther Manse, Lauder, N.B. Thorp, Mr. Joshua, Manufacturer, Holmfirth Tinker, J. F. Esq., Downshutt House Thynne, Edward L., Esq., Great George Street, S.W.(2 Copies) Tomlinson, G. W., Esq., Ramsden Street, Huddersfield Turner, Thomas, Esq., Somerfield, Holmfirth Varley, Thomas, Esq., Edgerton House, Huddersfield Varley, J ohn,

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