The History of Brighouse, Rastrick and Hipperholme (1883) by J. Horsfall Turner

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THE HISTORY

Brighouse,

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INTRODUCTION,

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Contents.

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xvii.

Civil and Religious Strife

Ancient Assessments.

The Reigns of the Georges. General Guest.

Lady Ligonier.

CONTENTS,

Population.

Methodism. Moravianism. Burials in Woollen.

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ILLUSTRATIONS.

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wiv. ILLUSTRATIONS.

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Che

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men we have no traces in our locality for we have no high moorlands near us, where their footprints are usually found; nor of the next race who drove the older and weaker tribes to more desolate recesses. The story of the Iberians and Celts,—Ancient. Britons as we call them,—scarcely comes within our province, unless we could shew remains of their lake dwellings, their rock markings, stone circles and burial mounds more largely than we are able todo. ven the pits in Bradley Wood near Woodhouse, though very similar to those on Baildon and Rombalds Moors, are not likely to have been pit- dwellings. There has been no one to identify the piles for lake dwellings eyen if such have been discovered. On the higher ground near Fixby, and at Westercroft, near Coley, spear-heads have been found, and cinerary urns, relics of cremation, were exhumed at Castle Hill, Rastrick, and probably were British, but have generally been classed as Saxon remains, and as such we will refer to them again. On such meagre discoveries we will not venture to fill a chapter with fancifnl descriptions of funeral pyres, druidical ceremonies, and so on. These old Britons, however, did leave us permanent records of their residence here in the names of our Calder, which means (according to some) in Celtic, narrow water, and therefore named after the subsid- ence of the lakes, or more probably woody or reedy water; though Mr. Leyland puts a Roman Collis before the British der, and gives hill-water as the result, and another writer finds Kaldur or cold water, (Danish,) the explanation. Der signifies water in various languages, and is found in numerous river-names shewing a very early origin, and the word “‘ must have come down to the Britons from remote ancestors, as have the rest of the Yorkshire river-names. Even a few place-names, and names of hills, are of British origin as Cambodun, Scamonden, possibly also Rastrick, and Backbraid, a homestead in Rastrick, as Braidh, is Gaelic or British for the brow of a hill, a topping; Danish, bred, the edge; which description will answer for Bradford, being at the foot of a steep bank. British coins have been found in Lightcliffe, and Canon Faweett, of Low Moor, asserted that a British trackway struck through Lightcliffe towards Bradford. There is no reason to doubt this, for the Roman roads were necessarily based on British trackways, and one of the most favourable opportunities for crossing the Calder valley was found natnrally at Brighouse. One writer in a newspaper was foolish enough to assert that Brighouse was called after the Celtic highland tribe, the Brigantes, or highland dwellers. This is the height of absurdity, equalled nearly by those who see remnants of Sun-worship in such words as Liyhtcliffe and Bellee (Bailiffe) Bridge. One old word, along with other British words common to our English talk,— basket, clout, &c., has lingered in Brighouse down to our day in the expression :—‘ He’ll make t’ Shivin

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to see the Eagle Standard fluttering in the breeze, and hear amidst the tramp of armies the old language spoken and mellower speeches uttered. As we follow the course of this road we are struck with the number of crosses that were erected along its borders, some of which remain to this day, whilst others have only left a name to be remem- bered by. Thus we have near Slack, Haigh Cross; in Rastrick churchyard, Rastrick cross; between Hartshead church and the Roman road, Walton cross; in Birstall churchyard, the base of another small cross, but as these are generally said to be of Saxon workmanship we pass them by at present. Three hills in Rastrick have been confused, and are likely to be, in the minds of visitors passing through, viz., Toothill, Roundhill, and Castlehill. Roundhill seems partially artificial, but an examination of its summit has shewn it to be natural, and it is out of the line of the Roman road, which passed close by Castle Hill, near Rastrick Church. This Castle Hill has also been generally regarded as Saxon, but it is quite likely that the Saxons, or Angles as we prefer to style them, utilized a Roman earthwork. As the surface has been molested, we cannot now com- pare it with such earthworks as that existing in Kirklees Park and other known Roman Camps, but an antiquary of Pontefract, Dr. Johnson, who sought out antiquities in this locality in 1669, records that the Castle Hill at Rastrick was trenched

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Common. The Roman method of road-making has been imitated in recent times. The stones, generally thin ones, were set on edge, and lime, cement, and even molten ironstone were poured upon it. From Fixby Ridge, near the Western Park Lodge, the ancient Iter or Street leaves our locality, but such was the interest and assistance taken in and given by our esteemed townsman, the late Mr. Fairless Barber, in the excavations at Slack, which decided that place as iden- tical with the ancient city of Cambodunum, that did space permit, we would record some of the chief discoveries then made. But ‘Th’Aht Loin’ is out of our bounds. Near Fixby Ridge, the Roman road from Doneaster, passing by Grimescar,—where Roman remains have been found, bearing, on tiles, &c., the stamp COH

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bathing rooms, coins, ornaments and the like stored at York, Aldboro’, Ilkley, and other Roman towns. That prince of antiquaries, Camden, travelling from Sir John Savile’s house, at Bradley in Greetland, to Bradford, on August 5th, 1599, in company with our worthy old antiquary, Hanson, told him that the work at Grimescar was ‘a bath, a luxury in which the distinguished Romans greatly delighted.’ A third Roman way touched us as it struck from Cambodunum, Greetland and Caldervale, passing through Lightcliffe to Olicana (Ilkley.) Along this road so many hoards of Roman coins have been found that we are led to the conclusion that the Roman travellers were pestered by sudden surprises from the unyielding Brigantes of the Pennine moorlands. Without referring particularly to the great finds at Morton, near Bingley, and others out of the parish, we have a record that in 1769 a quantity of Roman copper coins were found in Elland Hall Wood, some of which came into the possession of Mr. Watson, the Halifax Historian. These bore the names of the Emperors Gallienus, Victorinus, Tetricus and Claudius. Mr. Richardson, of North Bierley Hall, mentions some found at Greetland and Sowerby, of Nerva, Vespasian, Trajan and Hadrian.

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by the Rev. W. H. Bull, then incumbent of Sowerby, afterwards vicar of Billingshurst, Horsham, Sussex, whose daughter-in-law now pos- sesses some of them, 1892. This discovery took place in a field that was being quarried opposite the old house in Lower Lightcliffe. It has been pointed out to me many times, thirty years ago, and is not opposite Lightcliffe Church and could not have been, but on the right hand side of the road from the Old Church to Bailiffe Bridge, viz. the field behind Upper Smith House.

At Lightcliffe a fourth Iter crossed our township, from Legeolium (Castleford) via Wakefield, Osset Street, Dewsbury, Heckmondwike, Liversedge, (intersecting the great road from Brighouse to Cleck- heaton,) ‘Birkby Lane, Bailiff Bridge, and

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Roman Corns. The following account of the Roman Coins is derived from Haner- camp’s Numismata Aurea, Akerman’s Roman Coins, and Ursinus’s Familie Romane. ROMAN FAMILIES. CONSULAR. ACILIA. Head of the Goddess Salus—around it SALVTIS. Rev.: <A female figure leaning on a Pillar holding a Serpent—around it, WI VIR. VALETV.MYV. ACILIVS. AELIA. Head of Minerva. Behind it, X. Rev: p.

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FLAVIA. Helmed Head. Rev. a Biga. FLAVS ROMA. LUTATIA. Helmed Head of Minerva.—Behind it, X. CERCO ROMA. Rey. Q. LVTATI.Q. A Galley: the whole within an Oak Garland.

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Anglian.

_ From Roman hoards we pass to Anglo-Saxon, Pictish and other hordes, and here we have very little in the way to produce, but we have Anglian life in all its ramifications still, and more proud are we of it than of Norman blood, though they are our distant kinsmen. It is detestable to hear people strain to appear of Norman extraction, whose ancestry stretches to older date than the time of that rhapscalion set. During the Roman period the brave Norsemen had settled on the British shores, and the mixed British, Romano-British and Anglian peoples who were left here on the evacuation of the Imperial Warriors formed themselves into bands for self-defence, and self-government, and the story of Britain, for a hundred years is one of constant internal, tribal struggles, when ‘ might was right.’ One of the most powerful of these little kingdoms was that of Elmete, with Leeds near its centre as capital, whose dominion extended to this district. Generation after generation, ship-loads of immigrants were arriving from the opposite North Sea shore, of Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Danes, just as, for many generations past, the American continent has been colonized. Land and sea fights did not check the increase of settlers. The Angles and Danes kept towards the north of the country which event- ually took its name Angle-land from the former; the Saxons colonized the south as shewn by the names Essex, Middlesex, Wessex, and others ; the Normans vanquished the true Franks in North France. The old Cymri or Celts, mostly known by us as Welsh, were driven to the wall to hide in mountainous Wales, and Cornwall, or

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from molestation, unitedly cleared the woods of wolves and other wild beasts, pushed their way or were pushed further inland until every habitable hill and dale was dotted with the abodes of these squatters. Some spoke the Danish dialect, some the Anglian, others the Saxon, but

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Townships, 5 end in LAND, meaning land, namely: Barkis—, El— cum Greet—, Nor—, Soy—, Stain—. These are in the Elland division. 2 end in FIELD, trees fell’d; or hilly range, as Dovrefeld in Norway Lang—, Stans—. These are in Heptonstall division; and Wakefeld, Huddersfeld, Mirfeld, (old forms), are similar examples. 2 end in LEY, enclosure, Midg—, War—. (Old Linley is included with Stainland.) Feslei=Halifaxley? This ending is very common in Airedale, and we have also several Bradleys, Coley, Copley, Bottom-. ley, Brearley, Exley; without including the lees, as Kirklees. 2 end in DEN, dean, vale, Oven—, Erring—. The same is noticed in Ripponden, Luddenden, Shibden, Scammonden, Marsden,

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Uormian Conquest.

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has it and it is waste; worth 20s. in King Edward’s time. Woodlands three quarants; two-long and three broad. A carucate or plough land was as much land as may be tilled by one plough ina year. It will be seen what disaster had come over the neighbourhood within one generation, in de- preciation of property. The idea of a Doom- book, or Judgment- book was not new, for King Alfred had com- piled one to rectify disputes as to tith- ings, and hundreds. The Earl of Warren, some time after the survey, became pos- sessed of Wakefield Manor which included our district, whilst the great Earl Lacy held Elland and Southow- ram. Between these two great Baronial families a fearful quarrel was after- wards carried on, and the bitterness spread to their tenants, re- sulting eventually in pitched fights, and dastardly murders, for full particulars of which the reader must consult a cheap popu- lar account in ‘The Elland

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Edward IV., and the manor thus came to the crown again, and it seems to have been attached to the Duchy of Lancaster, but was sometimes farmed out, the tenants being free from paying toll, stall- age, piccage, pannage, and passage in the Duchy of Lancaster, Hipperholme being one of the towns named in a charter of Henry VIII. In Elizabeth’s reign the Tempests farmed the lordship.

K. Wm. I d. 1087.

I I I

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On the 6th of Charles I. the manor was granted to Henry, Earl of Holland in but he was beheaded for his fidelity to royalty in 1648-9, and the manor seems to have been granted to Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick, whose daughter married Sir Gervase Clifton, of Clifton, Notts., who sold the manor of Wakefield to Sir Christopher Clapham about 1663, whose heirs sold it in 1700 to the Duke of Leeds.

Dukes of Leeds Crests.

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Brighouse Courts.

We have now reached the point where we have documentary records, half-yearly, of the thousands of people who have figured in the little worlds of Rastrick, Brighouse and Hipperholme, but. as Brighouse Graveship had jurisdiction over Northowram, Sheif, Hipperholme-cum- Brighouse, Rastrick, Quarmby, Dalton,. Fixby,. Stainland, Barkisland and Hartishead-cum-Clhfton, persons from each of these places must be occasionally mentioned. Wakefield Manor is one of the most extensive and populous manors in England, embracing the whole of the parishes of Wakefield, Sandal, Wood- kirk, Dewsbury, Emley, Kirkburton and Halifax (except Elland, Greetland, and Southowram), and parts of the parishes of Almond- bury, Kirkheaton, Huddersfield, Normanton and Thornhill, and was therefore in two Wapontakes—Agbrigg and Morley. The Honour of Pontefract breaks into its contiguity in several places, but it stretches some thirty miles along the Calder from Normanton to Todmorden. Dalton beyond Huddersfield though encompassed by Pontefract. Honour belongs to Wakefield, and its people were bound, like those in Quarmby, Stainland, Hartishead, &c. to attend the Court Leet or Sheriff Turn at Brighouse half-yearly. There were and dre four Court Leets ;—Wakefield and Halifax with a dozen Constablaries (townships) each, Brighouse with ten, and Holmfirth with eight. No history of any one of these 42 townships can ever be written without a long examination of the Manor Rolls. These Rolls consist of skins together, the earlier ones thirty to forty feet long, written in Latin the full length and partly down the other side. Arterwards, ten or a dozen skins, four or five feet long, are stitched at one end to form a book, and after the year’s entries were made, the book was rolled up as before. As population increased, the rolls became thicker. This grand library is preserved at Wakefield, and is one of the choicest libraries in England. A few earlier rolls may have an erroneous date affixed, but I keep to the year assigned to them, and it will be seen they run back nearly six hundred years. A great Court Baron was held every three weeks at the Wakefield Moot Hall, but the Steward,. half-yearly, held his court at the four graveships in succession, the day after each other, and great affairs these events must have been in those times of dangerous and difficult travelling. Brighouse must have been crowded twice a year when ten townships had sent their chief men, and any, which often meant many, unfortunate culprits to the Court Baron or to the Court Leet, the latter court being held the same day immediately after the pro- perty affairs were finished by the Court Baron. The leet or tourn. was formerly held by the Sheriff, who perambulated the County and held his court in every Wapontake, but afterwards it became stationary, and held before the Wapontake Steward. The King was represented in each Hundred or Wapontake by the chief landowners in succession, and these gentlemen were known down to modern times as Chief

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HIpPERHOLME.

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42

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1559 1560 1562

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shade by extracting from the rolls the lists of Greaves, Graves, or Prepositi for Hipperholme, Rastrick and Scammonden, from 1300 to 1655, but have not space, nor need, to print them here as they appear in the Yorkshire

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to a certain tything, or township. Under some sovereigns, especially when kings were fighting abroad, his powers were very great and the power of hearing and determining criminal causes was not transferred to the Justices at Quarter Sessions until 1461, (Ed. IV.) That relic of superstition—trial by ordeal—was resorted to in early tourns. Even the appointment of a town’s bellman can be carried back to early days when the township meetings were thus called. The reader will know that the testing of weights and measures still appertains to this ancient Brighouse court. It was sometimes spoken of as the Halmote, or Hall moot, that is, the Lord of the Hall’s court. The Lord’s steward cried out in Norman fashion—‘‘ Oyez, oyez,

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Broke, 4d., Roger del Clyff 6d. thorns. Thomas del Northend, dry wood, 8d. William le Horseknave de Sourby 2d. for a horse’s food.

Copley Arms. (Argent a Cross Moline sable.)

Court held at Rastrik, feast of St. Barnabas. Will. s. Adam de Schepeden gave 12d. for 14 ac. new land in Schepden of waste. Jordan _& s. Adam de

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de Ourom and Thos. his brother, Michael de Haddegreue, Rich. s. Walter, John le Pinder de Ourom, Jordan de Haddegreues, Thomas del Broke, John del Wroo, Eva wife of Thomas le Heyr, John del Rode, Roger del Brighouses, senior, Thos. s. Roger del Cliffe, John s. Henry de Astay, John s. Walter, Ric. s. Jordan, John de Whytehill, Jord. de Hallewaye, Simon s. Jordan, Henry de Coldelay, Henry de Coppelay and Henry le Marwe, paid from 3d. to 6d. for taking green wood, dry wood, thorns, wood; (in Latin form virid, sicc, spinis, bose.) Roger del Clifton 6d. 1 rod in Hippm. wood. Henry Abraham 12d.

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Turn at Brighouse. Jury—John de Locwode, Alex. del ffrith, Thos. de Dalton, John le flemynge, John s. Ade de

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owed service to Prior John of Lewys:

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Nalle de Dene and Henry de Hip’um mentioned. Adam s. Will le Schapman being dead, the lord holds the lands. John de Coldelay gave 6d. for debt of Thos. s. Alot. Henry le Pynder 6d., 14 rods in Hypr’ of Thos. s. Alot de Hyp.: pledge, Thos. de Hypm.

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paid 6d. for feeding 8 pigs; pledge, Peter del Clif; and Peter de Sutteclyf, John de Astay, Henry de Coppelay, ditto. Alex. s. Adam Milner 6d. to agree with Wm. Milner. The cattle of Will s. Nalle fed on oatson Henry de Hiprom’s land, which Will. del Both the greave sold for 2s. without leave. Ric. Baton drew blood from Henry de Wyahon; & the said Ric. and Matilda his mother drew blood from Adam s. Yvon. Court and Turn at Rastrick. Jury—John de Quernby, John le Barn, John le

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from the house of Will. s. Oto de Schipden goods to value of 8d., therefore attached. Ric. s. Hugh de Schepden stole 8d. from the widow of Will. de Pudesheye and he is a notorious thief. Rie. s. Thos. del Cote gave 3s. for ingress to a bovate in ffekesby, called Bernard Oxgangs, of Thos. atte Cote, also 12d. for 4 acres, terra nativa, land subject to villein service, and 10 acres of land in Custe rode from Thomas his father. Malina wid. Adam de N.owram con- veyed lands and edifice to Ric. s. Jordan de N:owram and John s. Walter. Roger s. Will del Briggehuses, 2s. to take a bovate ter. nativ. and 4 acres free land at Longeley in Hiperm. of Will. s. Peter de Hipr. Adam the prepositus of Rastrik 6d. for a rod of new land at Briggerode. Geppe was still the forester of Sourby. Adam s. John de Horton conveyed land in Sourby grave to Rob. s. Will. de Saltonstall.

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Turn at Rastrik. Jury—Robert del Stockes, John le filemeng, Ad. de Locwod, Magister Thos. de Dalton, John le Barn, Will. de Brade- laye, Alex del ffrith, John de Hertesheued clerk, Ralph de Goutle- karwes, John del Rod, John de Percy, Thos. de ffekisbye. The lord’s seneschall (steward) was John de Doncastre. John s. Will. s. Emme de Staynland drew blood from Will. le Pynder de Staynland. Jack blade alias Mauk had a dispute with Ric. and Hugh de Presteley. Adam the greave of Rastrick 12d. for 34 acres from Hanne the Milner. For dry wood, Henry del Rode, Thos. de Hipern, Will. de Bayrestowe, paid 4d. each, pledges Peter Suthcliffe, Ad. Brighuses, Ad. fforestar, Peter de la Lathe de Haldeworth and Adam s. John de Hiprom. Adam the Baker having lands in Fixby for not coming to court, 6d., and the township 12d. for not presenting the same. ‘lhe annual in- come from Rastrik graveship to the lord was 15s. 6d.; Hyperom graveship 28s. 5d. (Roman figures are always used, xxviijs. vd.) 1806. Cecilia de Brigghuses gave 6d. to hold a toft in Briggehuses and 1 ac. 8rd. in Rastrik which Adam le Milner formerly held; pledge, Roger de Briggehuses. Disputes about land &c. by Peter de Suthcliffe v. Ad. s. John, Thos. de Totehill v. John Spillewod’s lands in Brigge- huses, Roger s. John the Milner v. John s. Ric. Roger, senior, of Briggehuses, took some waste land. Roger s. Joln le Milner and John de Sunderland paid 2s. each, fine for not serving as greaves. Alcok le Waynewrth 6d. for

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de Tothill. Gilbert Bridde 2d. per annum for waste land in the Brig- huses. Roger de Chepeley 12d. for waste lands in Brighouses. Peter del

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Hypm., pleg, John prpos. Hugh s. Hugh de vjd. heriot, for his father’s lands in Hyperum probably Booths Town. Hugh s. Henry de Stancliff 2s. for 5 ac. from his father, in Schipden the man (serf or slave) of Ric. de Bateley

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Court at Rastrik. Johna d. Will Carpenter de Clifton 12d. for 4 bovate and messuage in Rastrik, heriot on her father’s death. John s. Walter de N.owram 3s. for } bovate, 1 acre, in N. of Matilda d. Hen. de N. Ric. s. Jordan de N. 12d., 84 acres in N. of Matilda d. Henry. For wood, pannage, &c.—Elias de Skulcotes, Ric. s. Ivon,

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gave 18d. to have leave to bestow his daughters Isabel and Cecila in marriage. Will. le Milner de Brighuses and Henry Abraam farm Rastrik Mill this year for

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paid 8d. yearly for two ploughs to plough the bovates, in the time of spring, and if they had more they paid 4d.

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In the graveship of Hipperholme, Tho. s. Thos. was to pay 8d. for the take of hogs for one bovate, for grinding malt 2s. for other lands to plough with 4 oxen or pay 2d. and reap, or pay 1d., and assist the grave in driving cattle taken in making distress throughout the whole graveship, to Wakefield, as often as required by the grave. Several others were bound in like manner, and in ease of refusal, fined. Some of the Hipperholm free tenants were bound to give to the lord 4d. for a whole plough, and for as many beasts as they should plough with, two oxen in a yoke, 1d., and for reaping 1d. The pannage* of Hipper- holm 4 pounds ‘‘ comunibus annis,”’ and 4s. 6d. for take, 3s. 8d. for plough work, 2s. for grinding, 3d. for thakstones from Thos. del North- end, 2s. 9d. for reaping, 100s. for court perquisites. Sir John Eland received yearly 19s. 1d. from Will. de Sunderlande, 12s. 10d. from John de Sunderlande, 3s. from Symon de Shipeden, and 6d. from Tho. Bland. These resided in the Northowram portion of Hipper- holme graveship. The repairing of the Wakefield mill dam indicated that the land was ancient copyhold or oxgang (bovate) land, whilst newer copyholders were free from it. The former were probably as old as Saxon times. In Rastrick and Hipperholme graveships, 8 bovates, 904 acres, were so charged; whilst in the time of Elizabeth it had become 193 bovates in Hipperholme and 9 in Rastrick, each bovate then paying half-yearly 7s. From 4d. to 6d. per acre with certain services had to be paid by copyholders as rent.

1814. The rolls also record a dispute between Alice de Skrevyn the prioress of Kirkeley and Richard the chaplain of Hertesheued about taking her cattle. Ric. s. Ric, de Saltonstall gave 20s. to take 23 bovates and edifice in Saltonstall, his father being dead. Jordan de Hiprum 3s. for 6 acres and edifice in Hyperum of Will s. John de Hiperum. Ingolard the vicar of Halifax had a quarrel with John de Bollynges and Alice his wife for detaining a gold ring. John s. Adam de Whithill de N.ourum paid 4s. heriot for 8 acres and edifice in N. his father being dead. Will. del Bothes by Thos. de Witlay his attorney, plaintiff, against Ric. s. Yuon; the latter not appearing was attached. John s. Henry de ffekesby v. Alex. del Brighous. Ric. s. Jordan de N.orum v. Thos. s. Thos. de Hiprum; they are agreed. John de Sonderland, Hiprum greave, for a false presentment and con- cealment fined 12d. Disputes—Hen. s. John de Rastrik v. Ric. s. Jordan de N’owram ; Hugh de Totehill v. John s. Henry de ffekisby ; Will. Milner de Brighus v. Beatrix wife of Alex. de Brighus; John s. Roger del Brighous v. Hugh s. Isabel de Lynley. 1314. Court at Rastrik. Henry de Saltonstall 20s. for 18 acres and edifice in N.owram from Matth. s. Ric. atte Wode. Thos. de Waddesworth, clerk, 12d. to take lands at Blacker of Sir Ric. de Middelton, chaplain. Henry s. Thos. de ffikisby ingress to 3 acres native land from Alice d. Eue de ffekisby. Ric. s. Matilda de Rastrik obtained a toft and house in R. in the time of Sir John de Doncastre.

* Pannage, the feeding of swine in the woods.

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Turn, same day. Jury—John de Hertesheued clerk, John de la Rode de Hiprm, Henry de Coldley, Will le Squier de Hiprm, Thos. de ffikisbye, Roger del Hagh, Alex. del ffrith, John flemyng de Dalton, Thos. de Dalton, — ffrankisse, Ivo de Nettelton, John s. John de Lokwod. Ralph s. Vicar de Birstall stole an ox from Robt. de Russcheworth, one from Thos. de Burgh, one from Thos. del Whyt- hill; a cow from Alice sister of Ric. le Bagger de N.owram. The house of Will. s. Adam de Hiperum entered by burglars. John de Schepdene drew blood from Annabil wife of Thos. de Schepden. John s. Roger del Clif de Hiprum a native under the lord, held a tenement and 6 acres. Will. de Sunderland took 12 acres of Matilda his sister. Alex. de Brighous paid 6s. 8d., for 1 bovate and edifice in Rastrik from John s. Ric. for 20 years. In the lord’s hands 8 acres in ffikesby of native land, lately held by Hen. s. Thos. de ff. John de Astay held 3 acres native land in Hyp. grave, pledged to build a house. John ffox wrought the forge in Hyperum wood, released it for 9s. Alan Yonghare also had a forge there. Peter s. Henry de la Croiz (i.e. Rode)* de Rastrik gave 40d. heriot, 5 acres and edifice, on his father’s death. Thos. s. John Reyner paid 2s. heriot for 4 acres in ffikesbye his father, John, being dead. Beatrix de Tothill 40d. to take 16 acres and edifice in Brighous of John de Schepelay. Turn at Rastric. Jurors—John de Quernby, Thos. de Totehill, John le fflemyng de Clifton, John le ffleming de Dalton, Alex. del ffrith, John Clerk de Hertesheued, Will de Sunderland, John del Rode, Thos. del Wode de ffekesby, Matthew de Bosco (Wood) de Tothill, John s. Will. de Staynland. The abbot of ffountains to repair Bradley bridge. Roger de Brighouse late greave for Hiperum ; Will. de Sunderland, elected. Alex. Cissore (i.e. le Taillour) de Brighous, and Cissota widow del Briggehous mentioned. Adam del Wod, Hyprm graveship, is dead. The mere lists of names of those who took wood, or brewed ale without the taster’s sanction we now omit, though exceedingly valuable in tracing pedigrees.

* Proving the existence of the Cross at Rastrick.

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In 1316 Henry de Walda being seneschal, Robt. s. Henry de Hiperum held a booth in Wakefield market. Long before this date the Hipperholmes had become an important family in Lower Calderdale, and continued to be great men at the Wakefield courts, but their history hes outside our province. The facsimile deed herewith will serve as a specimen of the writing in 1816. It is a quit claim from Henry de Hyprum to his son Robert of a booth in Wakefield Market between the booths of William Tyrsy and German

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 65

Whitehill* drew blood from John Drake. Will. s. Symon Juddeson of Schelf is an early instance of fixed sirename. Thos. Talvate had a dispute with Thos. de Totehill about a house at ffekisby. Roger de Clifton and Thos. his son took 3 acres in Hyperum grave. 1824. Richard de Selby the chaplain of Hertishead, Thos. de Lightrigge and Will. Pek de Hyprum tenants. Matthew de Totehill gave 2s. for marriage right of his daughter Beatrix. The town of Hiperum not being represented at the court, fined. Turn at Brighouse. Will. de Sunderland.took 12 acres of Alice wid. Matthew de Schepden. Adam s. Elyas and Thos. perpetual vicar of Halifax held a messuage and bovate in le Bothes (Boothtown ?). Adam by the Broke held 13 acres in Rastrik grave. John s. Walter de Ad- richegate paid 2s. heriot for messuage and 7 acres on his father’s death. Henry s. Hugh de Bothomley held lands in Scamonden greaveship. Peter de Southclife in Hiperum 5 acres to Adam his son. John atte Northend took 1 rod waste in N’owm, John le Pynder 8 rods in Hiperum. John of Hiprum hirst (wood) held Schipdene mill. John del Cliff took 4 acres of waste for 12 years, lately held by Magota - Maure. Some were fined for fishing in Kelder (Calder) without licence ; Annabel Badger for mixing dust with flour, fined. 1325. In Sourby courts, Matilda de Horton, Galfri de Crosselegh, Hugh de Hillylee regularly appeared. Court at

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Johes op se Ids dats est dies

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 67

John frater redd iiij acres Sourbi to Wm. del Loyne, Will fil Jordan de Skercote dat xijd

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68 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 69

Smyth iniste detinet eis

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Johnes del Northend ijd., Symon del Blacker ijd., Johnes le Milner ijd., John le Bercher ijd., Ricus del Hole ijd., Ricus de Thorp. ijd. p.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 71

Hypn.—Alex de Ouenden vid. & Wm. frater vid., John de Astay de Haldworth, Wm. de Hyngandrode, John de Holway, John le Milner de Shepden, Ric. le Badger, John de Northend, Jordan le Pinder, John fil Rog. del Brighous, Wills de Sondreland, all for greenwood. 1327.—This is a damaged roll. Robert s. Henry de Crumwelbothom, Thos. Vicar of Halifax, John s. Jordan Milner, Ric. de Thorp, Cecilia d. Matthew de Schepden are mentioned. Adam s. Peter de Sutchcliffe held a messuage in Hyperum, and Thos. de Totehill was plaintiff against Alice the prioress of Kirkeleghes de plito debit. 1328.—Will de Sunderland felled an oak in Hyprum wood without leave. Will. formerly forester, cut oaks in the same without warrant. John le Pynder enclosed lands sans licence. John s. Roger de Brig- hous took 16 acres which John de Shepelay had held. Ric. and Peter sons of Adam de Rastrik had lands in Rastrik. 1329.—All the Villata of Hyp’um except Henry Horn and John s. Roger, junior, fined 8s. 4d. for not coming to the election of the greave. Halmota held at Brighous. Ric. de Ecclesley (of Exley near Elland), Will. s. Alice de Godelay, Robert le Sagher, Roger del Brig- hous, John s. Will. le Milner, Sir Will. rector of church of Mirfield, Thos. s. Roger de Brighous, Wade le Harpur, Robert ffaber, Ric. de Thorp referred to. Will. de Hingandrode } rod in Hingandrode for 5 years without leave, fined 6d. Cecila and Alice d. Matthew de Totehill took a mess. and 12 acres in Schipden, late Matthew de Schipden’s. John s. Jordan had lands at Wildmarker. Will. de Sunderland sur- rendered the said mess. and 12 aeres in Schipedene to Matthew de Totehill, custodian of Cecilia d. and heiress of Matthew de Schipeden. John de Rastrik for contempt of court, 2d. John Malkyn 18d., 4 acres of waste at Clegclif. Adam s. Roger del Briggehous 6d., 14 rod waste in Hyprum. Roger de Clifton late Hiprum greave; John s. Roger de Briggehous was now elected. Henry s. Alcok le Taillur surrendered a cottage and three parts of a rode in Brigghous, which Simon de Lonesdale took. Sabina de Helay (Haley Bank) took 7 acres late John del

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2d. Otto s. Will. de Haldeworth 18d. for 4 acres in Holcans which I

Adam s. Will relinquished at the present halmote. I Turn at Brighous same day. Adam s. Will. le Milner, Brighous, shed blood of Henry s. Henry le Hird, 12d. Sabina del Dene, brew- ing, fined 6d. Henry s. Will. s. Hen. de Eland 12d. heriot, 8 acres in Fekisby on the death of Will. his father. Adam le Shepehird 18d. for waste in Shipden. John s. Ric. de Rastrik, greave for Rastrik; John s. Roger del Brighous, greave for Hyprum. Halmote at Brighous. Special jury on Schipden lands, Will Sunderiand

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 73

hous, John junior de Brighous, Thos. Baud, W. le Milner and John Hanneson were called to account. 1332.—Will. s. Thos. del Rodes

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for not attending to report delinquents. (A Robert de Hiprom resided at Sandall at this time, and Adam le Crowther, or fiddler, at Sourby.) John de Godley disputed with Thos. de Lasci about an oxgang held by John le Aumbler. A special jury, Symon de Dene, John and Matthew del Cliff, Ric. de Schipeden, Henry de'Coppeley, Adam de Southcliffe, Will. del Rode, John de Skircote, Henry de Sunderland, John de Holway, John Wylleson and Ric. del Rokes, in a case of John s. John del Bothes,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 75

Rastrik from Thos. s. , and a countercharge, Johanna d. John Milner del Bothes from Agnes.d. Adam ;. fines 12d, to 40d., and John s. Ric. de Rokes from Ric. de Thorp 2s. John s. Roger de Brighus 64d, + ac. waste in Hyp. grave. John de Seyuell bound to attend Brig- house court. Thos. ffleming Taillour surrendered into the hands of the greave'a messuage and 5 acres in Prestlay in Hypron, re-taken by ‘Henry s. Thos..del Broke. Turn. Thos. s. Roger de Brighouse shed the blood of John s. Nicholas,

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placed his beasts in Hiperom wode at Dedemanclough. Rastrik and Hiperom bound to repair the mill dam. Turn. The wife of Nicholas fflemyng de Dalton, Agnes Tyngle de © Hertesheved and three others for brewing and selling fined 12d. each; seven more for brewing only 6d. each. Adam de Stayncliffe fined 40d. respecting lands at Shibden head. Matilda wid. Win. de Sunderland held from Matthew de Totehill, mess., 10 acres in Hyprum graveship. John s. John de Haldeworth quit claimed to John del Lathe 15 ac. in Northourummeire. Johns. Wm. de Sunderland conveyed 9 acres in N.owram to Matilda his mother. Matthew de Ouenden, greave, for not presenting 4 acres in le Riding which Thos. le Waynewright held of John del Clif without leave of court, 12d. Thos. le Waynewright paid 6d. for 4 acres in le Riding. The greave reported 12 acres which John le Milner de Shipden held of John s. Simon del Dene; Milner paid 12d. for ingress, to the lord. Will s. Henry by the broke had 4 acres in Hyperum of John del Clif without licence of the court, fined 12d. Ric. Batmanson surrendered 2 ac. 1 rod in N’owram to John de Breryhaghe and Alice d. Will Batmanson. A red horse strayed, sold to Thos. Alan for 3s. Turn at Brighous. 18 brewers, all women, fined. 1336. John del Bothe took a bovate in N.owram paying 2s. ingress, Adam de Hyprom and Rich. his son took a mess., 7 acres in Hyprum. John s. Henry surrendered to the lord 1 acre in Hyp. wode, and Wm. s. Tho. Clerk paid 8d. ingress. John s. Henry de Brighous 13 ac. in Brighous, taken by John le Milner, who paid 6d. ingress. Robert, Abbot of ffuntaynes, and others attached, re Bradelay bridge. Agnes d. Elia de Scoulcote gave 4s. to lord for leave to marry.

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AND HIPPERHOLME.

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this year’s roll, the townships are arranged for the

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AND. HIPPERHOLME.

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1339. Seizure in lord’s hands of 6 acres with appurtenances in Hyprm. which Ric. del Hole held per charter, said Ric. to respond to Wu. del Bothes, and special jury. Will. Tilly and Margaret his wife took a messuage and 1 acre in N’owm. Court at Brighous. Scamonden tenants to pay 24s. for enclosing lands. Turn—Goderobert de Thorneyales, Clifton, drew blood from Thos. s. Robert; and Henry s. Alice de Hyprum from Thos. Hare. Ric. de Thorp not attending court, 12d., and John fflemyng, Knight, 2s, Henry del Weld conveyed a mess., 14 acres in Rastrik Wodhous, to Robert de Bollyng and Beatx his wife. Robert de Wyndhill 18d. for land in Hyprom (grave) at Blacker and Drakerode of John ffigge and

Hoyle (de la Hole) Arms. Hoyle Arms.

Johanna his wife for 10 years. Ric. de Thorp, Hyprum, had been breaking down hedges. Ric. Knight ran the chief fulling mill at Wakefield. John s. and executor of Matthew de Totehill and Modest wid. and executrix of the will of Thos. de Totehill attend court to make their claims. John de Haldeworth 4 acres in Hyprum (grave) to Ric. his son, who paid 12d. ingress. Special jurors concerning 6 acres, Ric. del Hole, v. Wm. del Bothes, were Ivo le Webster, Will. del Cliff, Will. del Rodes, Henry s. Elene, Robert Pynder, Henry del Rokes, John del Rokes, John s. Wm. de Ourum, John le Pynder, Adam de Hyprum and John de Whithill. Court and Turn at Rastrik-brighous. Henry del Weld surrenders a messuage and 24 acres at Wodehous to John s. Henry, and Margaret

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his wife. John s. Hugh de Bothomley held 7 acres in Scamonden. Will: del, Rode 5 acres at Brerehay in Northourum to Adam del Wro. Blood drawing—Ivo le Webster from Thos. s. Henry, John Milner from Henry de Hoo, Robt. de Rissheworth, and his son Henry from Wm. and John de Coppeley, brothers, Roger de Clifton from Thos.

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acres in N’owram. John de Shipden’s trial, v. Ric. de Kerheued and his mother Alice about the field formerly John de Kerhead’s, father of Richard. Roger de Spilwod took plots in Hyprum called Mickel- blakker and le Lytilblakker of Wm. s. Gilbert de Halifax. Elizabeth d. John Clerk a plot in Bothefield from Agnes at Both and Wm. her son. John Sagher and Matilda his wife, daughter of John del Bothes v. Robert del Cliff about a bovate in

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 83

Stones, Matilda del Halle from Beatrice Aleok wyfe. John s. Adam de Stayncliff took 10 acres which Matthew the chaplain, brother of said Adam, had held. John Robyn- son Alcokson of N.owram, 1 ac. 1rd. to John Sysson de Eland; he appears as John Robtson

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1845.—Turn at Brighous,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 85

Julian his widow. They gave also 1s. to heriot a mess., 7 acres in Shipden on the death of John s. John de Adrechegate their cousin. Matilda and Elizth. d. Adam del Bothe for a messuage and 10 acres in Hyprum on the death of their brother Wm. paid heriot, and John s. Ric. del Hole 12d., 8 acres in Hyperum on the death of Wm. del Hole his brother. John son and heir of Robert del Cliff paid 8s. 4d. heriot, for a mess., bovate, and 4 acres of Rodland in N. on the death of John s. John del Cliff his cousin. John s. Henry de Totehill, 3s. 4d. heriot, mess., bovate, 4 acres of Rodland in Rastrik on his father’s death. Annabil widow of Wm. del Bothes, and Matilda and Elizth. d. Adam del Both in virginity, surrender a mess., 11 acres, 3 rodes in le Bothes to Ric. Mansel, who pays ingress 3s. 4d. Adams. Wm. 12d. heriot a mess., and bovate in N. on his brother John’s death. John s. Thos. Rayner 8d. heriot, mess., and 3 acres in Rastrik at his father’s death. Agnes Benne 12d. heriot, mess. and part of a bovate in Rastrik at her uncle John Steel’s death. Ric. Gryve, 8d. heriot 3 acres in Hiperum greave at his cousin’s death, Wm. s. Ric. de Shipden. John de Hilton executor of the will of Wm. de Hilton gave 12s. 5d. to Matthew Illingworth for ‘blad,’ pasturage. Ric. Maunsel for unjust detention xs. from Henry s. Matthew, exec. of the will of John del Cliff. Peter de Barne surrendered a bovate and edifice in N’owram to John String. John s. Wm. del Rode and John s. Simon del Dene farm the mills of Rastrik and Shipden this year for 28s. It is pre- sented by the tenants of Hiprom that ‘ tenta tre iacet ibm vest. moult qd solebat reddere p. ann. lvs. xd. ob. qe ut p. capte p. eodem hic in cure libat.’ John Wynter took an assart in Hyprum of 38 acres formerly Ric. de Byre’s. Elyas s. Symon Judson and Thos. Culpan executors of the will of Sir T. de Gayton formerly vicar of Halifax gave 2 stirks, 5s.6d. John s. John Souter de Halifax 6d. heriot, 8 acres in N’m. at his father’s death. William de Lokyngton and Beatrice his wife 12d. heriot, 8 acres in Shipden on the death of John de Godley her brother. John s. Robt. del Cliff

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DEATH. It swept away whole families, and one half the priests in England fell victims. In 1349 it reached its climax in this country, and labourers became exceedingly scarce, the cattle died, taxation arose to unbearable figures; Justices of Peace were first appointed, and the poor were ordered to work for such wages as were paid before the plague.. Sir John de Castleforth, then Senescall for Wakefield Manor, and his servants, ran great dangers in attending the courts, for the Turn was held at Brighouse as usual during the plague time. Edward Ill. had taken the finest young men for ten years past to fight in France, and resumed his French war as soon as the plague was over. Hen. s. Matthew, the greave of Hiperum was fined 3d. for absenting from the Brighouse tourn, which was held Jan. 9th, when the Jurors were, Thos. de Locwod, Wm. de Staynland, Wm. de Bradeley, Thos. del Stocks, Thos. de Whitacres, Ric. de Herteshead, Robt. de Whit- wod, Ric. del Rokes, Henry de Rissheworth, John de Brighouse, junr., John s. Ric. de Hopton, and John de Stayncliff. It seems that the richest people came off best, and this is not surprising when we remember what unsanitary mud huts the poor dwelt in. For drawing blood, Henry de Risseworth from Wm. del Bothes, and Wm. s. Hen. de Coppeley from John Whitehead, were fined. Ric. de Thorp and John his son had a dispute with Henry s. Thomas; the Abbot of ffountains with John s. Matthew de Totehill; John de Northcliff with Henry de Seyvile; Wm. Smith de Eccleshill and Ric. Maunsell with John del Cliff of Hyprum, when Priour-rode in Hyperum is mentioned. Maunsell had a dispute with John s. of Sir John de Eland; and John del Cliff was fined 4d. for not presenting Sir Thos. vicar of Halifax, who held lands in Nm. John s. John de Haldeworth gave 18d. heriot for 2 acres in Hyprum at his brother William’s death. John s. Walter surrendered 2 acres in Hyprum to John del Hyngandrode. Margaret de Sculcotes surrendered 6 acres to Agnes wife of Ric. de Haselhirst, and 6 acres to Cecil wife of Wm. de Hailay. Thos. Smith of Halifax took a rode of nativa land of John de Godeley.

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Henry s. Matthew de Yllyngworth held 10 acres. John s. Ric. del Hole, John s. Thos. Milner, and Ric. s. Matthew de Illingworth attended the tourn.

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Henry de Risheworth, Henry de Bentley, John de Stancliffe and Robt. Pynder were fined 2d. each for not having paid. John Wynter made a rescue from Henry s. Matthew, the lord’s servant; fined.7d. John de Eland v. John Wilkynson Tomson: latter fined 2d. John del Northclif v. Wm. de Mirfield. John s. Wm. del Bothes 3s. 2d. heriot, mess., 20 acres with appurtenances in Hiprm (grave), his father being dead. John del Hingandrode heriot, for a bovate, messuage thereon, &c., in Nm. on the death of Thos. de Whithill, he being cousin of Juliana relict of said Thos.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 89

seized because they had harboured Wm. de Lockwood and Adam Beaumont knowing that they had slain John de Elland, knight, and were outlaws. Edmund de Flockton was seized also for harbouring Beaumont at Flockton, and Thomas Molot of Wakefield for giving Thomas son of Thomas Lacy of Cromwellbottom a 40s. knowing he »

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then, Sir John was accustomed to return from the Brighouse court. by the old road (now John King lane) to Lane Head, via Elm Royd lately known as Dick Hodgson’ s lane, to Brookfoot, Purlwell,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 91

Thos. de Whithill being dead. Isabel del Kerre, 7 acres in Ourum to Henry s. Matthew. Ric. Jonson Adamson 34. heriot for a rode in Ou’r Shipedene, his father John de Staynclif being dead. Robt. de Adrichegate and Julian his wife, held a bovate in Nm. Turn at Brighous, jury not named. Wm. de Mirfield had succeeded Ric. s. John as senescall. Ric. ffox drew blood from John Hanson of Rastrik. Ric. del Thorp paid 6d. to take 3 acres from John Lascy. Matilda and Ellen d. Wm. Batemanson paid heriot for 2 parts of 2 ac. 1 rd. in Nm. on the death of Ric. Batemanson their uncle. Robt. s. John ffygge heriot, 34 acres pasture in North Blakkerre, his mother Johna being dead. John s. Robt. del Cliff and Ric. Mansel held in le Bothes, Hiprum graveship, a mess., and 14 acres. Alice Jondoghter Symson, called also Alice d. John Simson Judson Nevooman, gave 3s. 4d. heriot mess., 6 acres, her father Jobn, and Juliana de Aderichegate both dead. John del Hingandrode asked for an inqui- sition against Robert de Adrichgate and Juliana his wife, respecting a mess., and a bovate, on the death of Thos. de Whitill. Henry de Ryssheworth took + acre of waste in Hiprum, between Collarhousted and Hekdenbrok, paying for ingress, 3d., and an assart called Henre-- rod which the said Henry paid heriot for in the last turn at Brighous. Hiperum greave not going to Wakefield court fined 6d. John s. Wm. del Rode, a bovate and rodland in Hyperum to Henry de Ryssheword, for 9 years. Henry de Ryssheworth surrendered a tenement and croft

=— =

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called Dogatrode to John Wilkynson. Henry de Ryssheworth [of Coley Hall] paid heriot for 3 acres and pasture and an assart called Henrerod his uncle Henry de Coldlay being dead. From this time the Coleys of Coley cease, and the Rishworths follow for two centuries. Adam s. Adam s. Thomas de Hipperum attended the tourn. Rastrick mill

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Turn Nov.16. Jury named, as before. Townships in each greave arranged: Barkisland, Dalton, Quernby, ffekisby, Rastrik and Staynland under Rastrik. Under Hyprm, Shelf, a clean bill; Clifton, three brewers, Haket, Whalley, Whytewod; Hertshead, Agnes Tyngil as usual for brewing ; Northourum, Robt. Hare, brewer; Hyperum presents , that John de Wyloghby (whose family founded the Willoughby chantry at Hali- fax), Henry Dmteson, Robt. s. Wm. did not attend court, fined 2d. each ; John s. Wm., Henry del Cliff, John de Wyloghby, John del Hole, Matilda Smythsone, fines 3d. each for ‘semel’ brewing, and John Mylner 6d. for brewing and selling. Ric. Johanson 12d. for drawing blood from Thos. s. John Aleok. Henry Adekynson of Scamonden by John del Hole, greave, surrendered 12 acres in §. to Ric. del

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AND

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of Rastrik, take 4th Rastrik mill. Ale Tasters appointed for each greaveship. John de Haldworth had 4 ac. in Nm. John Symson yielded mess., 18 ac., in Nm. to John de Shipden.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 97

From fekisby, Willm. de Lightriche and his three companions have nothing to present. from this Turn xiiijs, ixd., viz., from Hip’om grave ixs. viijd., from Rastrik vs. jd. Brighouses Turn, 7 May. Robt. del Rode, constable of Hyperom, with his four companions—Robt. ffletcher, Ric. del Hoile,

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Robt. Hare, plaintiff, v. John de Wilghby and Elina his wife re a messuage and 2 bovates in Hiprom. Matilda d. John de Sculcote, mess., 10 acres in Sculcote and 1 acre in Priorrode to Ric. Drake; ingress 4s. Ric. s. Adam de Hiperum quit claimed to John del Cliffe mess., 8 ac. in Ourum; ingress 2s. Rob. Pynder, a mess., 5 acres in Hiprom, 5 ac. in Brethhay, and 3 ac. in

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AND HIPPERHOLME, 99

Stokes and Ric. or Dicon de Blakhale. Her husband had held a mess., 24 acres in Brighouses. Juliana de Adrichgate who held mess., bovate, in Nm. from Thos. de Whitel, is dead, Alice dr. John Pynder brother of said Thos. pays heriot, John Bateson, 6 ac. in Shepedene to Ric. de Heton, ingress 12d. Elena d. Nelle 1 ac. in Halay to Margt. wife of John de Haylay; ingress 6d. Ric. de Heton vicar of the church of Halifax made homage to the lord for a messuage and 2 bovates in Shepdene. Brian de Thornhill, chevalier, not attending Wakefield, fined 2d. It was found that this great

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Percy for absence, 2d., Wm. de Whalley as a tanner and sutor, 8d. Henry Bat was Northourum constable, and Wm. Wright for Herts- head. John de Haldeworth conveyed a mess., $ bovate, called Adriche- gate for 11 years to Henry Wilkinson. Elias de Northeues to John del Bank, mess., 8 acres called Adrichgate for 7 years. John Boy v. Henry Matthewson about a cow sold ‘qd horet villm infra xv. dies post fm. Pentecoste ad da’p. que taxant xijd’. Wm. del Broke broke into the house of John de Rokes at Hiprom, and took a coverlet, some silver goods, &c. His body to be taken, that is, imprisoned. John Symson of Ourum, 38 ac. at Hingandrodefeld to Ric. de Heton, vicar of Halifax church, and his heirs for ever. John de Wodehede de Cliffehous in Hiperum greave v. John Boy. Brighouses Turn, May 5. Robt. de Morton, senescal. John de Hiprom, 6d. for drawing blood from Ric. del Halle. Adam Jankynknave died seized of a mess., 15 acres in Rastrik, for which John s. Wm. de Hiprom his cousin and next heir, paid 2s. heriot, but surrendered the same to Wm. de Shepeley. Elyas of Northeves v. Rob. Pynder and Alice his wife, about a messuage, bovate, and 3 acres in Nm. -

1871.—Shepden mill (jth) to Rob. Hare for 40d., Rastrick mill, }th, to Roger Milner, 16s. 8d. John del Bothes, Will. del Bank, Henry Milner del Cliffe, all of Hiperum ; and John Elison, Henry Allissandre, Alice de Botherode, Robt. Bul, John de Wodehouse and John de Stokkes, all of Rastrik, fined 3d. each for not attending the turn, 20 Oct. In Northourum there was a stray cow, value 5s. Matil de Astay was fined 4d. for brewing and 2d, as a litigatrix. Fines in Hyprum for brewing—Janyn Rissheworthman 6d., Rob. Carter 6d., John de Wyloby 6d., Isolda de Hiprom 4d., Alice del Roidehouses 4d., Roger del Hoile 6d., Thom Jonson 4d., Ric. Masshon 6d., John Smith, 2d. Henry del Okes, conveyed a mess., 18 acres in Rastrik to John his son. Turn, April 5th. Henry de Risshworth, 2 acres at Wynterege to John de Wyloby, who paid 8d. ingress. John Drake 6 acres in Blakker and Heye to John his son.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 101

Adam

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1874. Hiperum greave fined 2s. for not attending the court. Bryghouses Turn. 16 Oct. Thos. Smith flees from the court, 12d. Thos. Otes 12d. for drawing blood from Thos. Smith. John Drake and Ric. de Sunderland had made 2 lideyates* at the ends of the road between Cliffehouses and Horlawegrenehouses to the hurt of the people; inquiry to be made. John Milner of Halifax for selling flesh against the assize, fined 4d. Henry Rissheworth and Roger fflemyng farmed Sourby mill for 76s. 8d. this year, Rastrik and Shipden mills

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 103

called Nicher, 6 acres at le Ryding, 2 acres called Surdeland,

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foregoing notes afford a history of Rastrick and Hipperholme greave- ships, as well as the two townships. In 1379, to add to the great local burdens of the people, a capitation or poll tax was imposed by Parliament, ranging from 4d. to £6 18s. 4d. per head; and next year a@ more rigorous exaction of 12d. per head was voted on every person above 15 years of age. Goaded by these taxes, and by the indecent manner that the tax-gatherers in some cases tried to discover the age of youths, the great insurrection, under Wat or Walter the Tyler and others, broke out around London. With these difficulties, the spread of Wickliffites or Lollards, the invasions of Scots, the growing power of the yeomanry class, the young king, Richard

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1882. Ric. Machon and Rob. Hare took the mills this year, 20s. Turn, Oct. 20, Jury as before. John, vicar of Dewsbury, v. Robt. de Brighouses and John Smith de Brighouses about debts. John Thomasson Gilleson is dead, Wm. by the Broke paid 4d. heriot for his land in Rastrik. John del Wro 13 ac. in Hyprum to John s. Thos. del Cliff. 1888. Turn, Nov. Jury, Hen. de Risshworth, Wm. de Whitil, John Drake, Roger de Wodhede, Thom. de Dalton, John de Rokes, Ric. de Helwelle, John de Calthorne, Thos. del Hirst, John de Hep- worth, Robt. Daweson, John del More. Robt. de Parys, 3 acres in Clegcliff to Alice Taillor wyfe de Haldeworth.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 107

John de Rastrik conveyed le Londymere assart and a rode in Nm. field to Ric. Symson, and a bovate in Hiprom grave to Henry Boy. It is as yet unaccountable that Sourby graveship should have exercised the ‘privilege’ of gib- betting thieves caught within its boundaries, whilst Hipperholme and Rastrick graveships seem to have had no such privilege. Even the Sourby culprit was free if he

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in Brynescoles forest. (Hipperholme Commonwood is all that remains of this forest.) 1392. Brighous Turn, Oct. 15, Jury named, having been omitted a few years: Henry de Ryssheworth, John Drake, John de Rokes, Ric. de Heliwell senr., Wm. de Steinland, Thos. del Hirst, Wm. Woddhed, Thom. de Lockwodd, John del ffrithe, Wm. de Steghill (Steel, or may be Staghill, near Outlane), Ric. del Haye, Thom. de Gledhill. The Gledhills were noted Barkisland people. Turn, April 29th, Adam del Skoles, Thomas de Dalton, John de Hepworth, Wm. de Lokwodd, take the place of four of the above. 1398. The ‘hawking’ in the common fields of Herteshead, Rastrik, Brighous and Hiprom, let this year to John Piper, capellanus, for 6d. The same occurs next year; and for Sourby &c. to John vicar of Halifax for 6d. John Piper was curate of Rastrick chapel in and before 1411. John Kyng became vicar of Halifax in March, 1389, (or 1390 we should now say.) An artist may here draw the burly priests mounted on horses, attended by gay ladies and squires, with the hawks perched on their shoulders ready to pounce upon unwary birds. A savoury smell at the Rastrick parsonage would repay the 6d. outlay. Rastrik and Shipden mills: no name or amount opposite for two years. Turn, 15 Oct. Thos. del Crosseland was a juryman; others as above. Isabella de Brighouse fined 6d. for raising an unjust hue and ery against her daughter-in-law. Alice de Haldworth conveyed an assart of 4 acres formerly Ric. de Haldworth’s to John s. Ric. de H. Isabella Alcokdoghter paid 3d. heriot, for part of Blakker, Alice Melias, her sister, being dead. John Stronge one rode in Pyndercroft in Hiperum to John Boye. [An assart is a ‘ clearing,’ or new land.] 1394. Robt. Stronge 8s. heriot, for bovate in Nm., John his father being dead. Rastrik mill, 4th, 11s. 8d., Shipden

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in le Holeans to John Jacson Milner de Halifax; the same Robert disputed with Wm. de Hemyngway about detaining Robert’s cattle. 1897. ‘Hawking’ (sporting with ‘ hawks’) in Sourby and Hiprom let to John Kyng, vicar of the church of Halifax, for 6d. this year. Rastrik mill 11s. 8d., Shipden 3s. 2d. this year: lessee’s name not

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1898.—Robt. Derwhit, senescall. Jury panelled were as before, but Thos. Smyth de

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de Hyprom 2s., Ric. de Thorp 2s., John de Thorp 2s., Roger Mauncell 2s., and Thos. Tilly 2s.,

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substantial feast followed the two courts—Baron and Leet. Ric. Sundirland and Johne his wife conveyed a mess. in Sundirland and a bovate, and an assart called Bareroyde and Simonroide to Ric. their son, and Margaret dau. of Ric. Simson; and a mess. and 10 acres called Clifroyde to Ric. their said son. 1412. Turn, Oct.17. Jury as usual. John Avisson was constable of ffekisby, Ric. Stheghell (Stighel, stee-hoil we now say) for Stain- land, John Lassels for Dalton, Ric. ffaldyngworth for Barkisland,

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to John Kynge, vicar, for 6d.; Rastrik ditto to Thos. Duke, Rastrik constable, for 8d. Turn, Oct. 6. The prioress of Kyrkeles had been having some Thakestones led from a Rastrik quarry. John Rishworth, the Lord’s day after the feast of

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forester for Hiprom and Rastrik, presented a long list of wood takers. Galfry Warde having died, his son Thos. paid 4s. heriot for mess., 14

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Turn, Oct. 22, Jury, Thos. Crossland, Thos. ffryth de Bothomley, Thos. firyth de Rastrik, Wm. Langley, Thos. Hirst, John Woodhed, John Hepworth, John Hagh de Hagh, John Royks, Robt. Haldes- worth, John Hirst, John Taillur. Hiperum constable reported that Walter Merchaunt drew blood from Wm. Totehill, (no fines here now.) April 22. Henry Strunge was Hiperum greave. Thos. Clyf, present in the court, conveyed a mess., and bovate in Hiprom to his son Robert and Johna, Robert’s wife. 1426.—Mills as before. Henry Risshworth and John Barowclogh of Hiperum brewed helpales and sold contrary to statute; attached. The latter baked and sold bread, fined 2d. Turns, Oct. 15, May 22. John Barowclough’s wife at the latter turn fined for baking and brewing, 2d. each offence. Alice Brighous,* Robt. Cokeroft wife, Henry ffox wife, all of Hiperum, brewed help- ales; attached. Robt. Johnson, the greave of Hiperum, presented John Weloweby, John Rischworth and John Holloway for not attend- ing the election of greave; fined 4d. each. John de firyth de Rastrik paid 4s. heriot, for mess., 30 acres in Rastrik, his father Henry having died. Johna d. and heir of John Haldisworth de Erdislaw Ardsley), paid 20d. heriot 10 acres in Clegeliff. Johan d. Wm. s. hos. Holdsworth de (Holdsworth in) Ovenden paid 12d. heriot for 5 acres in Clegclyff, her grandfather being dead. John s. Thos. Haldes- worth de Ovenden took 100 ft. by 80 of waste at Ovendenbroke in Nm. between Bradford highway on north, Batehayne on south, to erect a fulling mill; rent of waste 1d. per annum, ingress 2d. John Haldisworth of Astay conveyed 16 acres in Sourebymere to Robt. his son. 1427.—Turn, Oct. 16. Jury, Thos. firyth de Rastrik, Wm. Langley, Wodhead, Hepworth, Hagh, Royks, Haldesworth, John Hyrst, John Taillior, John brodelegh, Wm. Denton, John Jagger of Stainland. Jury, April 27, instead of Brodelegh and Jagger were Ric. Long- bothom and Thos. ffrith de Bothomley. Assessment of 20s. on Hiprom tenants to repair the highway in a road (venell) leading from Balybrigg to Barowecloghbrigg. John Weloweby, who held a mess., bovate, 9 acres, 8 rodes in Hiprom, being dead, John his son, aged 12, paid heriot 3s., and Margaret his mother paid 12d. to have the wardship. Wm. Hole, who held } bovate in Lyghtclyf, being dead, John his son paid 16d. heriot. Wm. Stayncliff farmed Ship- den mill, but no name is put against it in the rolls. Robt. Eland paid 16s. 8d. for Brighous mill Vicar King paid 6d. yearly as before. 1428.—Mills, &c., as just named, Stayncliffe is inserted. Robt. Rysshworth drew a dagger to attack John Symson, therefore sum- moned. John Hole paid 9d. for Wayfs and Strays of Hiperum. Ric. s. Thos. Gypson paid 12d. heriot for 5 acres called Elynrode in Nm., his father being dead. John Brodelegh conveyed a parcel 60 ft. by 40, called Haylathe in Prestelay to John Bentley; ingress 4d.; also Tillyholme to (unfinished.) * Possibly this means Alice Milnes; 1413.

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1429—Mills as before. Jury at Oct. Turn as before. Wm. Hawme was constable for ffekesby, and John Wod newly elected; for Stayn- land, Wm. Moldson, John Bothomley newly elected; Dalton, Thos. Snape, John Dighton newly elected; Quernby, John Drake, Rie. Wylson elect; Barkisland, Thos. Wodhede, Thos. ffirth elect ; Clifton, John Smyth, Wm. Bartrem elect; Northourum, Wm. Ellysson, Thos. Otes elect ; Hertshed, Ric. Norelif, John Tyngill elect; Schelf, Hen. Scolefeld, John Leche elect. Hach constable presents his complaints, if any. For Hiperum, John Stansfeld was generally fined 4d. for not attending, and four women 2d. each for brewing, viz., Alice Brighouse, and the wives of John Barowclogh, Thos. ‘Hanson, and Wm. Stokkys. The greave had generally ten absentees to report at 4d. each, for Hiprum graveship, for not attending the greave election ; and the forester a longer list of greenwood delin- quents at 2d. to 6d. each. These are nearly the only lists we have to show who the inhabitants were, as parish registers did not come into vogue until 1538, the date of the first Halifax book, whilst Elland starts with 1558. John de Methley paid 3s. 4d. for Hiprum graveship waifs and strays. Surrenders and heriots for Northowram are numerous, thus affording complete family histories for that town- ship. Clyfhouse so often mentioned before was in Nm. I think, and named after a family of Cliff whose original name was probably derived from the cliff in Lightcliffe. 1480.—Turn, Oct. 17. Jury as before. Henry ffox’s wife, John Drake’s wife, and John Smyth are to be added to the last list of Hiperum brewers. Margaret Malbon of Hertshead at Kyrkley had sent away two hens value 6d. to Hampole priory, therefore attached. Hugh ffox and his wife Beatrix conveyed a cottage and garden in Rastrik to their son Robt., who paid

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to the Flatt, having been a road time out of mind. The special jury on this case, being township men, is here added: John & Henry Rishworth, Robt. Walker, John Stansfeld, Robt. Thorp, Ric. Thorp, Wm. Rode, Thos. Clyff, John Brokehous, Henry de Scolesfelde, Thos. Mauncell, Wm. Awmbler. 1432, imperfect roll. Henry de Scolesfeld, Hiprom, brewed a help- ale. John Stayncliffe conveyed a mess., 15 acres of roydland to his son Wm., and a mess., } bovate and 20 acres of roydland to his son John, each paying 6s. 8d. ingress. 1433.—John Otes, Hiperum greave, reported John Ryshworth, John Boy, Robt. Awmbler & John Stanclyf for not attending the greave election ; fined 4d. each. Wm. Stokks conveyed mess., 7 acres called Stysroide to Rob. Berstawe; Ric. Vycars, 5 acres of roidland to his son John; John Symson a mess., new edifice,

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1437.—John Hanson quit claimed to John ffoxe and Johan his wife a close called Chapelcroft in Rastrik. Ric. Symson conveyed a mess., two bovates, 2 acres of oxgangland, 8 acres of roideland to Ric. Rooke, with remainder to the heirs of said Ric. Symson; also Smythyecroft, 21 acres, to Wm. Sunderland. John Ekecopp, 13 ac. in the Hilles to Wm. Roide. Henry Sayvill being dead, his son John paid 6d. heriot for the Randdes, 5 acres, which he conveyed to Nicholas Sayvill and Johne his wife, daughter of John Lassye. Ric. Godlaye being dead, his son Henry paid 6d. heriot for Smythyecroft in Shipden, 24 acres, but conveyed the same to Ric. Svnderland. Wm. Turnor conveyd a mess., 7 acres, to Wm. Otes, capellanus, Ric. Batte, and John Drake. John Smyth of Brighous cut greenwood in Strangstyes in Rastrik. Ric. Batte took and carried away by force of arms from Isabella Totehill of Shelf, a horse worth 13s. 4d. Ric. Sunderland conveyed Smythyecroft to hisson Wm. John Rawes surrendered Haggstokks to Wm. s. Wm. Stayncliff. Thos. Hanson took

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1441.—Hiprom constable reported that John Wylby of Birstall parish and Henry Thornhill came into the lord’s warren and took hares, therefore attached. Thos. ffirth being dead, his son John paid 5s. heriot for a toft and bovate in Rastrik. Wm. Wodd was ffekesby constable. 1442.—John Thorp of Lightcliffe took turf from Northourum marsh; Thos. Sklater, Hiprom, ‘brewed a

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1458.—John Wilby, John Boethe, Ric. Rokes de Rodeshall, Ric. Northend, Ric. Stancliffe, junr., Wm. Holway, 4d. each, for not at- tending the greave election. Turn, Oct.10. Ric. Dalton, Ric. Rokes de Rokes, Ric. Thurgurland, John ffrith de Barkesland, John Jagger, John Hepworth, Thos. Long- ley, John Wodhede, John Bentlay, Ric. Aynelay, Wm. Lokwodd, Wm. Cosyn, Ric. Northend, Wm. Shepley, John Hey were Jurymen. John Clyff and John Clay, both of Hyprom, brewed helpales. Ric. Smyth, Thos. Roide, and Henry Hemingway, all of Hiprom took turves from Shelf waste. John Chaloner of Anelay in a place called Knolles in Fekisby took carriage and goods over a ‘bridyll way’’; attached. Wm. Clay and

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at Speras (bowls) at their houses, and Thos. Darynelaye is a vagabond, and John Cosyn had harboured the vagabond, (wanderer). Turns, Oct. and April 29. Juries, John Rishworth, Ric. Dalton, Ric. Rookes de Rookes, John Hepworth, Thos. de Longlaye, John Wodhed, John Bentlay, Thos. Brighous, Wm. Cosyn, Wm. Lokwod, Ric. Northend, John Drake, Adam Hirst, John Smyth de Lyghtclyf, Wm. Roide. Richard Whitlay to cleanse Hathelay dike, Hiprum. All field enclosures to be repaired. 1465.—Turn, Jury, Oct. 9, included Ric. Sunderland, John Hylelee, Ric. Aynelaye. - 1466.—Ric. Whitlay and Ric. Wodde broke Hiprom pynfold. Robt. Helywell at Thurcroft, Hyprum, obstructs the footpath. Edmund Ryshworth and Elena his mother make a nuisance in the common way. Ric. and Wm. ffletcher are to purge their ditches; John Scolfeld and Robt. Thorpe to cleanse the stream at Marshe.

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1470.—Turn, May 7. Jury, Ric. Rookes de Rookes, Ric. Aynelay, Wm. Bentlay, John Drake, Adam Hirst, Wm. Roide, John Haldworth, Thos. Wodhede, Ric. Sheplay, Thos. Bythebroke, John Hepworth, Ric. Dalton. Ric. Seolefeld to cleanse the stream at Tukroid and Hay- thelay (Hiprum). Robert Shaghe’s wife and Thos. Brighouse’s

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had absented themselves at the election of greave; fined 4d. each. Robt. Thorp conveyed Longmarshe 5 acres, to’ Ric. his son. 1476.—All the inhabitants forbidden to carry unreasonable weapons, as, sword, axe, bill, spear, on pain of forfeiting it to the lord and pay- ing Affrays were common at Halifax feast. Jas. Whitley’s wife brewing ale (cervis) fined 1d., John Thorp brewing a helpale, arrested. John s. Ric. Duke did homage and paid heriot for 10 acres on the death of his father, and his mother Johne Duke, d. of Wm. Alisaundre. Injunction against Hiprom Northloyne again. John and Cristofer Haldworth, Ric. & John Scolefeld, John Ryding, Robt. Otes and John Wilby, all of Hiprome, took turves from Shelf. 1477.— Edm. and John Ryshworth and John Hoyle, absent at the greave election, 4d. each. Alice, Margt., and Johna, daughters of Wm. Roide hold Jakwyfroide for 20 years at 2d. per ann., and John Smyth de Lightcliff holds the land at 5d. per ann., called Ploghsilver, (in lieu of plough duty to the lord,) for 12 years. Edm. and John Ryshworth and Ric. Longbothom have not made fines for their lands. John Bekwith, Hiprom, absent from the turn, fined 4d.; Christopher Haldworth brewed a helpale. Wm. Sayvill was deputy for John Sayvell, knt., the senescall.

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called Wodhous, with 48 acres. John Gledehill and John Sharp made an affray at Lightclyff. Thos. Lacy, Ksq., comes and takes of the lord to farm the fourth part of the mill of Brighous for 40 years at 15s. per ann. and 4d. p. novo moru’, paying 8d. ingress. It had evidently been on a long lease before. Thos. s. John ffrith de Darton and Elizabeth his mother quit claim to Thos. s. John ffrith de Rastrik a mess., and 30 acres in Rastrik ; ingress 2s. 1479.—Wm. Sunderland, John Boethe, John Northend, and John Boy surrendered. Hasillhurst close in Nm., formerly waste, to Ric. Barestowe for the use of the town of Hyprome. Ric. Rookes of Roideshall, greave for Hyprum, for not attending Wakefield courts, fined 8d., 12d., 12d., 6d., 4d.,

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mess., edifice, and 12 acres in Rastrik, to John his son. Amongst the Brynescole wood depredators were John and Adam Wilton. Elizth. d. Ric. Thorp, aged 1 year, by Thos. Holleroide, paid 12d. heriot for 5 acres in Longemarshe, her father being dead. John Clyff surrendered a mess. called Clyffhous with its lands, pastures and wood in Hyperum to Ric. Clyffe, ingress 3s. 4d. 1485.—Rob. Burgh, capellanus, conveyed a mess., 1} bov. in Hyp- rum to Rob. Otes, for 40 years. Halifax Turn held Oct. 7, Brighous Oct. 8, Holm Oct. 9. Brighous jury, Ric. Rookes de Rookes, Henry Longlay, John Haldworth, John Bentlay, Thos. ffrith, Wm. Denton, Thos. Gledehill, Ric. Aynelay, Thos. Hawme, John Wornewall, John Ramsden, Gilbt. Wodhede, Wm. Bentlay. Next

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Turn, Oct. 7. Margaret wid. Ric. Thorp fined 12d. for not re- pairing the highway at Eastfield gate, and John Thorp 6d. for un- cleansed ditches at Hathelaylayne.

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Robt. Smyth, Wm. Brook for his boys, Henry Walker, all of Brighouse, 4d. each for breaking and carrying away hedge stakes. The lads could not have been keeping Gunpowder Plot then; nor would hedge stakes be big enough for yule logs. We next get a tasty bit of English amongst the ocean of Monk Latin: Ad

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semblable offences in tyme comynge and cause theym to bee the more redy to kepe thair dayes appoynted for the said payment hereafter. Yeuen vndre our Signet at our palace of Westmr. the xxth day of Rob. Hemmyngway took } acre of waste in Nm. and Hip. having Yvynear W., Bryndescolebrooke E., Robt’s. lands S., Yvyncarcloghe N. Johns. Peter Thorp broke into Nm. pinfold; fined 4d. 1494.—John Weloweby (by his substitute John Haldworth of Hip- erum,) surrendered a messuage, bovate, 9 ac. 3 rods, to the use of John Nevile, knight, Thos. Nevile his son and heir, Mr. Ric. Symmes, vicar of church of Halifax, Wm. s. and heir of the late Wm. Symmes, John

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soules and all his elders soules,’’ and say immediately De profundis, &c. Dated and sealed 10 June, 9 Henry VII. In less than a generation these religious benefactions were interfered with by a rapacious Monarch, and the Reformation followed. The lights at the altars in the churches were extinguished, and the morrow mass, sung at 5 a.m., silenced. Winteredge, Coley Hall gateway, Coley Chapel House (the public house adjoining the graveyard), _|_ and other properties in Halifax parish, bear the double cross, still carved on them, shewing that the Knights of St. John of

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1497.—Ric. Aykeroide surrendered Shugden Hall, Nm., to Wm. Aykeroide, rector of the church of Marston, Thos. Yongesmith, vicar of Dewsbury church, Robt. Burgh, chaplain, John Yorke, chaplain, Thos. Sayville de Bladeroide, John Waterhous, senr., and Brian Otes. Ingress 6s. 8d. W. Akeroide was a great benefactor to Grammar Schools. Vicar Symmes of Halifax, being dead,

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the seid bill atte instance of the seid John Northende was redd ynto the seid Thomas Nayler and he couth not with say the content of the seid bill bott yt itt was true in all thyngs accordeynge to the shevy- ynge of the seid John Northende Wherefore the seid Styvvard awarded yt the seid Thomas Nayler shulde make agayne a surrendre of the seid land to the seid John Northende and his heires vppon payne of seiser of all his copylands and also vppon payne of a C m’rks. The aforesaid Thos. Nayler surrendered the mess., edifice, 14 bov., 12 acres roid.and in N’ourum to the use of John Northende and his heirs, who paid 8s. ingress. At the next Brighous court he surrendered the same to his son Thomas, who paid 5s. ingress. John Rydeynge of Hyprome took 4 rod of waste, Symondroide being on the W., Marshes E., Hypromfeld N., Lyghtclyff

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of roidland, 4} ac. formerly waste in Hyprum (graveship); Wm. Symmes (brother of Alice and Isabella, and uncle of Johana) being dead. Ric. Clyff of Halifax, conveyed mess. and bovate in Hipp. to Wm. C. of Halifax ; Wm. Burgh, a mess. and bovate, &c., called Legh, in Shibden, to Robt. Burgh, chaplain. 1507.—John Rideynge being dead, Ric. his son paid 9s. heriot for

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1512.—Umfry ffirth conveyed } ac. lately waste, to Rob. Sayvill, and he granted it to Ric. Brodelegh. John Hoyle took of waste in Hyprum greave, 3 acres, paying 60s., at 12d. per annum, lying between a running spring, and Ric. Barestawe’s land on W., High cross on the E., Grenedyk close on N., Wm. Northend’s close, 8. John Lacy, Esq., leased }th of Brighous mill at 15s. 4d. per annum for 46 years. Humphry ffirth and Johana his wife, dau. of Ralph Steynton deceased, conveyed 8 rods formerly waste to Ric.

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83 rodes, waste, between Collay slak E., highway W., Kirkeway S., Shelf township N. Ric. Clyff \by John Smyth of Lyghtelyf, a tenant of the lord’s) conveyed a mess. called Clyfhous, lands, pastures, woods, to Ric. son of said Rich. 1516.—Adam Wilton (Nm.) being dead, Ric. his son paid heriot for 2 acres, 12d. Ric. Lacy took 8 acres of waste between Newlandwodde close E., highway from Rastrik to Totehill N. and W., and Thos. Sayvill’s close §.; paid 8 li. and 2s. annual rent: Chapel croft and Scolehouse croft are mentioned. Thos. Boethe conveyed 13 ac. to Ric. his son ; remainder to John s. John Boethe of Wynteregge. 1518.—Robt. Haldworth clerk, (Vicar of Halifax afterwards, where he was murdered), took 6 acres of waste in Hyprum, 4 being between Hyprum and Shelf highway and Brynescolebroke, 2 acres between said brook W., highway to Hypromwodd E., John Hemingway’s sprynge (plantation) 5. Turn, Oct. Jury, John Sayvile de Hollynegge, John Gledehill, Ric. Botheroid, Ric. ffourness, Ric. Lokwodde, Wm. Awmbler, Rob. Brighous, John Otes, Jas. Bothes, John Wilby, Geo. Hellywell, John ffrith. Nich. Kytson broke Hiprum pinfold 3s. 4d. Laur. Bentlay is dead, Gilbt. his son paid 4d. heriot for 4 acre formerly waste. Three proclamations made respecting Shipden mylne, }th part of Bryghouse mylne with a fulling mill newly built there in the tenure formerly of

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Robt. Eland, Esq. Ric. s. John Rookes of Rodeshall paid 16s. heriot for a mess., 2 bovates, 2 acres of oxgangland, 8 acres 1 rod of rode- land, his uncle Wm. Rookes being dead. (An interesting entry from ‘‘ Durham Sanctuary Book,” published by the Surtees Society, vol. v., 1837, may be given here. 1522, Oct.

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1520.—John Lacy, Esq., conveyed 1 ac. formerly waste to Umfri Rysshworth. Ric. Hanson, } ac. in Nm. of waste to Ric. Rokes of Roideshall. Bryghous Turn, Oct. 17. Robt. Brighous conveyed 7 acres formerly waste in Nm. to Ric. and John his sons. Edward Saltonstall was constable of Shelf. John Cowper of Rastrik greave- ship, being dead, Edwd. Cowper his father paid 4d. heriot for Grene- housyerde. Rob. Herdgreve was constable of ffekesby. 1521.—John Burgh being dead, Rob. his son paid 14s. heriot for a mess., 14 bovates, 7 ac. roidland, in Shipden, called Leghe. Ric. ffourness being dead, Thos. his son paid 2s. 6d. heriot for Meresyke, 2 ac., and 4 ac. waste. Jas. Oldfeld conveyed 54 rods at Tillyholme to Edwd., Edmd., Jas., Christr. and John his sons. Gilbt. Bentlay surrendered Jakstubbyng, Little pighill, &c. in Hyprum, to Wm. his son. Rob. Preestlay and two other Halifax men fined 20d. each for an affray on the king’s watchmen in Halifax. Turn, April. Jury, John Thornhill, Esq., Ric. Northend, Ric. Gybson, Rob. Brighouse, John Thorp, G. Hellywell, Ric. Botheroide, Ric. Hey, Ed. Hanson de Linlay, W. Hanson, senr., Hen. Sharp, and Wm. Hylelee. Nic. Eland, gent., (by John Savile of Lupset, Esq.,) took Shipden mylne, }th Brighouse mylne (corn), $+ running water of Caldre, and the fulling mill newly erected: ingress 6s. 8d.; but sur- rendered the same to John Lacy, Esq., 6s. 8d. de firma. Ric. Hanson, Taillor, made an affray on Rob. Pek at Hyprome; fined 20d. Edward Waddington took waste land at Clifroid and Blakkerwood, Nm. 1522.—Ric. Wylton and Johana his wife conveyed 2 acres formerly waste, to John their son. John Milner of Pudsay surrendered Blakker to Ric. Awmbler of Brokehous. Margt. Croslee of Halifax kept a brodelhous and receives persons of bad life. Brighouse Turn, Oct. Jury, fourteen or fifteen names now appear instead of twelve as before.

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1525.—Rob. Brighous and Ric. his son took waste lands at Barmes. (Nm.) Ric. Northend being dead, John his son paid 12d. heriot for 2 acres in Brynskoles. John Hoile being dead,

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1529. Thos. Lyster and Alice d. Edw. Hoppay convey a mess., &e.. in Hyprom grave to John, father of said Thos. Edwd. Waddington being dead, his son Edward paid heriot. 1530. Turn, 26 Oct. Jury, Thos. Sayvvell de Copley, Esq., and 13 more. One acre near Coley Chapell formerly in the tenure of Rice.. Roks, John Smyth, and others, having yielded no rent for 10 years to: be seized. John Wyloby being dead, his brother Edmd. paid 6d.. heriot for 14 ac. Cristofer Bentlay surrendered Stubbynges in Shipden to his wife Margaret, with remainder to Edwd. his son, and Edward's. sons—Henry, a bastard, and Christopher, legitimate. Wm. Rydeyng being dead, his sister Agnes, wife of Henry Cokcroft, paid 6s. heriot. for lands in Hyprome grave; regrants to her mother Isabel. John Rysshworth, Esq., surrendered to come into force after his decease 1} bov. at Hekden, west of Coley, &c. to Wm. ffrost, Esq., Ric. Rooks de Rodeshall, Robt. Ryssheworth, Rob. Waterhous, Wm. Sayvile and Ric. Stanclyff, for ten years, to perform requirements of his will. Laur. Haldworth conveyed a mess., 2 acres, &c. to John his son. Gilbert. and Wm. Sunderland regrant Highfield, &c. to Ric. their father for- life. John s. John Hemingway paid heriot for 3 roods. 1581. Ric. Lacy being dead. Thos. his son paid 4s. heriot for mess., 9 ac., &. Thos. Sayvill being dead, Thos. his son paid 20s. heriot for lands in Ossett, N’ourum, &c. Ric. Sunderland leased. Clyffroide in Nm. to Rob. Gregg, who had to yield a red rose yearly, if demanded in the time of roses. 1582. John Rysshworth conveyed 1 ac. 1 rd., and Umfri R., 1 ac. to John s. and heir of Alexr. R. Leonard Lacy, gent., surrendered. the reversion of the } Brighouse mill, &c. after the death of Alice his. mother, to John Lacy, Esq. Dr. Rob. Haldworth, Vicar of Halifax,. conveyed

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144 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Hyprome, fined 6s. 8d. Rob. Boy had surrendered an annual rent to ffeoffees for Halifax Church, and Gilbert Otes for 7 years had made no acknowledgment to the court, therefore it was seized. Margaret wid. of John Hoile, and Henry, Edwd. and Thos. their sons, take the lands the father had held. Turn, April 22nd. Robt. Brighouse and Ric. his son had en- croached on the waste of N.ouram. Elizbth. and Isabell daughters of Ric. Whitley paid heriot for lands in Nm. 1584. Ric. Sunderland, Ric. Clyff, Thos. ffourness, Jas. Boethes, Christr. Boethes and Edwd. Hoile fined 4d. each for not attending the election of greave of Hiperum. Alice wid. Garrarde Lacy, Isabell wid. John Sayntpoule, and Johanna wid. Thos. Trygott surrender 2 mess., edifice,

Page 145

AND HIPPERHOLME. 145

conveyed Holcannes in Nm. to his children, Anne, Grace, Alice, Gilbt., Wm., Michael, George, and Robt. Robt. Eland, Esq., sub-let Shipden mill and its lands to Ric. Gybson and his son Edw. for a year. 1540. Robt. Neville, Knt., was deputy senescall for Thomas, Earl of Rutland. Thos. and Hugh Sayvell, gents, surrendered 2

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146 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

the bad Latin has given way just once again to bad English. Brighous Turn, Oct. 15. Edm. Wilby conveyed a cottage, &c., in. Hyprum to Henry Kent for 21 years; Mathew Oglethorpe, gent., a

Page 147

AND HIPPERHOLME. 147

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148 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

plowed, sown, and tilled, and for which as well the freeholders as customarye tenants of the same graveship do both pay yearly rents, suits, and service on this present tyme. Item, they do present that within the greaveship of Scamonden there are above xx acres of moss, heath and turbarye. Item, they do present that to their knowledge the same graveships are ancient demesne and parcel of the Lordship of the Mannor of Wakefield, and according to the use and custom of the same Manor the copyholders of the said graveships do hold their lands. Item, they do present the copyholders or customarye tenants of the said graveships have a custom within the said Manor of Wakefield that they and their auncestors, tyme of remembrance at the change of tenants else by death or surrender, have paid for heriot or fyne to the Lord where the lands be holden by oxgang on estymacion about a year rent and when the land be holden by about iiiid. the acre or. thereabouts as by the discretion of the Steward. Item, they do present that to their knowledge the Queen’s Majesty hath no demesne lands within the precincts of the said. Turne. ffynally they do present that there is within the precincts of the said Turne one messuage or tenement with the appurtenances in Shelf of the yearly valewe of xxxiiis iiid now in the tenure of one Rich. Waterhouse, which before tyme was gyfen to certain feoffes of trust to the intent the same feoffees should stand seized of the same tenement to the use of a Chappell called Colley Chappell or to the use of mendyng the hyeways and bridges next adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, or to the maryinge of pore maydens* thereabout inhabit- - ing. 1555. Ric. Brighous of Hyprome, senr., surr. Belshaye and 7 acres in Nm. to Robert a younger son of his, with remainder to Robert’s brothers, Edwd., Martin, and Jesper. John Lacy of Cromme- Welbothome, Esq., surrendered Soland mylne to John Waterhous of Sourbybrigge. John Hanson of Wodhous took of the lord the King and lady the Queen (Philip and Mary) } acre, with John Hanson’s close at Mylneclyff 8. & E., Totehill and Brighous road W., Water of Calder N.; paid 10s. John Lacy, Esq., took 1 rod waste butting on Caldre N., Edmd. Malyson’s land W., Rastrik §., Brighous Milne Dame E.; paid 5s. John Brighous, son of Ric. B. of Hyprome, de- ceased, for £17, sold his share of Bolleshey, and 6 acres, to Robt. his brother. Thos. Drake, conveyed Cloughroides in Nm. to Umfri his son; Brian Otes 2 acres in Brynscoles, 2 closes called Darlyngland and ffoxhoiles at Brynscoles in Nm. to John s. John Northend. John Northend de Shipden surrendered his 4th of 2 mess., bovate, &¢. in tenure of John Saltonstall and Agnes Brighous, widow, to Robt. s. Ric. Brighous. John Otes and Eliz. his wife surr. 14 ac. between Shelfsyke N., Brynscolebroke W., John Otes close E., Laur. Bentlay close

Page 149

AND HIPPERHOLME. 149

1557. Brighous Turn. For Rastrik, John Watson, John Hanson, John-Gooder, Thos. Hanson, John Malynson report to the turn. Ralph Roides, Hiperum graveship, being dead, Thomas his brother paid heriot, for 34 acres and edifice, which he conveyed to Isabel Mawde, widow, his sister, remainder to John their brother. Rastryke people have to repair the ‘ stoks,’ on pain of 6s. 8d. For Hyprome, Thos. Bolland, Ric. Brighous, Laur. Bollynge, Henry Haighe, John Brodeley (constable, and the four men,) present the report. 1559. Brighouse Turn, May 5. Jury, John Rysshworth, Esq.

Page 150

150 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

de Lyghtcliff surrendered reversion of } boyate in

Page 151

AND HIPPERHOLME.

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152 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Wakefield Milnes’ dammes repairs: Item frome th’endes of the said ffifthe Roode measuringe alonge the damme as aforesaid - The Quenes - Mats. tena’nts of her bond oxgange lande lyenge wthin the Grayve- shipps of Sandall

Page 153

AND HIPPERHOLME. 153:

33s. 4d. annual- rent from Hipp. lands to

Page 154

154 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Page 156

156 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

John Northend formerly of Nm., surr.

Page 157

AND HIPPERHOLME. 157

1581. Alex. Rishworth, Esq., and Beatrix, wife, took Harwithings in Nm. of the Queen; ingress £6. Henry fferror of the Ewodd, took mineral coal, (colebeddes,) in Hyperholm for the year, for 5s. John Lacye of Leventhorpp, Ksq., (nr. Bradford), surrendered the Brighouse fulling mill, and } of the water corn mill, with goit, damme &c. to Jobn Lacye, junr., Esq. son and heir of Ric. L., Esq. Turn, Oct. 10, Jury, John Smyth of Lightcliff,

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158 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Wodheade; of Norwodgrene, surr. Westheathley, with edifice, 8 acres in, tenure of Rob. Hargreaves and Thos. Hollyns, to John Scolefeld

Page 159

AND HIPPERHOLME, 159

1587. Ric. Waterhouse, John Hoile, Ric. Jagger, fined 12d. each. for not attending the Brighouse court on the mandate of Edwd. Shaw, deputy-greave. John Barestow of Hipp. fined 4d. for damaging

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160 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

of Ric. Boy, held Wilkinheys in Nm. John Gybson, Hipp., 3s.4d. for not making his gates secure; John Naylor of Clifton and John Drake of Nm. for breaking into Hipp.

Page 161

AND HIPPERHOLME. 161

Marland, Intack, le Banke, Parocke, &c. to John Hoole, Lightcliffe, and Saml. his son, for 24 years. Special jury report that Gilbt. Saltonstall of Rookes, and Samuel his son and heir, rented to John Hogge a mess. in Priestley grene; they paid 20s. to Savile and Carye, chief seneschals, for the same, viz. a bovate, and 4 ac. 3} rods for- merly Ric.

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162 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

each for playing at bowls in Hipp. township. John Romsden, Edmd. Broke, Saml. Smyth, John Otes, Wm. Pollard, Saml. Bairstow for affrays, 20d. to 40d. each.

1596. of Ealand,a younger son of Leonard Crowder, decd., of Nm., surr. lands in Nm. to Thos. Bunny, Rastk., and John Bunny, Ealand. Ric. Saltonstall, Alderman of the City of London, (by Gilbt. S. of Rooks) surr. (after his death,) 8 mess., a cottage, and all his lands in Hipp. to Saml. 8. son of said Ric., reversion to Edward another son, and failing issue, to Peter, another son. His mansions were at Mynchenlane in London and South Workenden in Essex.

Turn, Oct. 5. Jury, Robt. Ramsden, gent., John Broke, Ric. Tempest, John Haldworth of Hoole, Thos. Hanson, Rob. Thorneton, of Quernby, Ric. Haldworth, John Roide, Thos. fflather, John Ratcliffe, Ric. Rayner, John Wormall, Rob. Haigh, W. Drake. John Scolefeld, of Coley, conveyed Grenewayclogh in Nm., which he had of Saml. Mawde of Altofts, to John Wood and Susanna his wife, daughter of his brother Robt. Scolfeld, with remainder to Samuel s. said Robt. Robt. s. Rob. Boothe, of Mixenden, conveyed Holcannes, Nm., to his brother Geo. B., clerk.

1597. Rob. Ou’all being dead, his son Wm. paid 11s. 4d.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 168

easements, 6 acres, to Rob. Hargreaves and Hannah his wife, at £4 18s. 4d. rent yearly. Isabella widow of Gilbt. Saltonstall, of Rookes, quit-claimed their lands to Saml. S., gent., son and heir. Anna Haldesworth of Presteley, widow of John Haldesworth of Hoole, formerly wife of Ric. Kent of Preistley, surr. all copyhold lands to Saml. Saltonstall of Huntwick, gent., s. and heir of Gilbert.

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164 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Crosseroyd, and Crosseclough.

Page 165

AND HIPPERHOLME. 165

HENRY SAVILE,

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166 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Priestley his intended wife, marriage dowry. 1601. Michael Bair- estawe of Wakefeld, s. and h. Wm. B., defunct, of Mount Pellan in Hallifax, and Brigitta wife of Mich., convey lands in Nm. to John Thorppe of the Ewe- trees in Lightcliff. Rie. Sunderland of Coley Hall, gent., surr. 14 bov. formerly Henry Copley’s, and Heckdeyn, and other lands of John Rishworth, Esq., decd., and of Rob. Sowood, in Hipp., to Mary his wife, d. Ric. Saltonstall, Knt., citizen and Alderman of London, deceased, for her lifetime. Jas. Old- feld and Alice his wife of Preistley quit-claim

Page 167

AND HIPPERHOLME, 167

1608. Ric. Sunderland of Coldley Hall, gent., surr. Osburnes, 6 acres, in John Bancroft’s tenure, to Saml. Saltonstall of Huntwick, gent.

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168 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

given to charitable uses; since which time the said John Thornhill and others, had bestowed great sums of money in repairing and enlarging the same, and maintaining divine service therein for a year last past ; and that every Sunday and holiday a great number of people did resort thereto, and were likely so to do if divine service were continued, for that a greater part of the inhabitants of the said township were two miles distant from their ‘‘ Parish Church of Eland,” the ways foul in winter, and the causeways decayed for want’ of repairing, by reason whereof many who were willing to be present at divine service at Eland twice a day, were enforced in the afternoon to be absent; and many of the younger sort had taken occasion thereby to occupy them- selves on Sundays and holidays in the afternoons at unlawful games; which abuses had been greatly reformed during the past year, and were likely to continue so, if divine service might be provided for. And for that the said township of Rastrick was very small, consisting of not above 24 families, and the whole township not containing above 12 oxgangs of land, and therefore unable to bear the charges of cele- brating divine service or instructing youth in the said Chapel, and therefore humbly intreated his Honour to grant licence to enclose and improve from the waste and commons in the said township, some few acres of ground as might be least hurtful to the inhabitants there, and to convert the same to the use and benefit of those who should celebrate divine service, and keep a School in the said Chapel, for which grounds they were willing to pay yearly to His Majesty 4 pence of new rent for every acre. On perusal of which petition, and confer- ence had with Sir John Saville, one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer, who lived within 2 miles of the said Chapel and affirmed the contents of the said petition to be true, and that by means thereof

Page 169

AND HIPPERHOLME. 169

surr. mess. at Lane ends, with barn, garden, Walloyne close, held by copyhold, and Croft under the Lathe, also Wollyses closes, Little Southedge close, and Wodclose, now held by John Horsfall, and a cottage held by John Carleton, to Ric. Brodeley of Hipp., ingress 7s. 3d.. John Armytage of Kirklees, Esq., being dead, John A. Ksq., his son and heir paid 6s. 8d. ob. heriot for 2 closes, 84 acres, called Harts- heade carrs, and 5 closesin Nm. Ric. fflather, Brighouse, 12d. for a horse placed on Rastrick common. Arthur Emson fined 10s. for breaking Hipp. fold three times. Wm. Thorpp, Sam. Wilson, Edw. Usherwod fined 1s. each for affrays at Hipperholm. Wm. Pollard 5s. for drawing blood from Abm. Brodeley. 1608. ‘Thos. Pilkington lately of Nether Bradley, now of Stanley, and Wm. Ramsden of Longley, Esqs., surr. the fulling mill, called Brighouse Milne, }th of water corn mill, called Brighouse Milnes, with stagnas, goits, sects, services, running waters, in the tenure of John Thornhill of ffekisby, Esq., to the said J. T., who paid 58s. 3d. Judah Hopkinson of Rampton, Notts., clerk, and Agnes his wife surr. Otesroid, 113 ac., in Nm. to Ric. Hopkinson of Shipden Hall. Bryan and Robert Crowther, brothers, Jane wife of Brian, and Saml. s. Robt., took lands in Nm. John Ramsden of Hipp., s. Rob. R. of Royleshead, surr. Royleshead in Sowerby to Hen. Greenwod. Thos. Whitley and Wm. Stephenson 10d. each for affray at Hipp. John Hanson 12d. for gathering brackens on Rastrick common.

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170 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

this year as to all the manorial tenancies. ‘‘A treue and p’fect rentall of the names of all those coppieholders and ten’tes of and within the graveshipp of

Page 171

AND HIPPERHOLME.

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172 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Hipp. Townend to discende and run with the auncyente course or current of water discendinge into the landes of Thomas Whitley formerly the landes of Sir Saml. Saltonstall as of righte it ouglite to do upon payne of 10s. each tyme he diverts it into the road, and 10s. each tyme for damaging the road. Wm. Overall of Estwod in Rotherham, being dead, Rob. his son and heir paid heriot for 1 ae. 1 rd. at Lightcliffbroke, and Cliffhouse 14 bovates, and 20s. for lands in Sowerby; his guardians during his minority being Wm. Routh of Wallswod, and Chas. Laughton, Aldwarck, gents. Thos.. Whitley surr. mess., house, barn, backside, garden, fold, 6 closes—Brodecroft, 2 Westfeilds, Overnorthedge, 2 littleboylesales, to Edw. Walker for 10 years. Court and Turn,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 1738

1614. Ric. Brodeley fined 20s. for watercourse diversion, and a special jury decided that the water from Richard’s close called Paradice ought to pass through the ffenyes belonging to Thos. Whitley. Edwd. Waterhouse, Knt., s. Robt. W. of York, Esq., and Lady Abigail wife of Edw. surrender Nm. rents to Arthur Ingram of London, knight. Rob. Batt, of Newtontonye, Wilts,

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174 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

1618. Before John Savile, Wm. Sympson, Northourum. knight. (Edw. Carye, knt., omitted.) On the death of I Marmaduke Pereson, his Alice Agnes widow and daughters claim

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AND HIPPERHOLME,

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176 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

four sisters paid heriot for lands in Holm grave,—Jenetta wife of ffrancis s. Matthew s. Roger Thewlis; Margaret wife of John Horsfall of Heaton, s. and h. Wm. s. John Horsfall; Thos. Pault’s wife, and Robson’s wife. Elizth. d. John and Margaret Horsfall married Peter Battie, and Ric. Battie of Knaresbro their son took some of the land. Turn, Oct. 10. Jury, Henry Ramsden, gent., Wm. Whitley, Wm. Northend, Jasper Brighouse, John ffeild, John Mawde, Thos. Hanson of Totehill, Jas. Otes, Rob. Roper, Ric. Haldesworth, Saml. Apple- yeard, John Hirst, Thos. Denton, Rob. Wood, Wm. Brookesbank, John Barraclough for not amending the highway and filling up a delf at Housedge (? Hovedge), 20d. John Nicholl of Linlands broke Ras- trick fold twice, 6s. 8d. Saml. Hoile of Hoile House, Lighitcliffe, conveyed (after his death) a bovate in Hipp., and Bowleshawe (6 ac.), in Nm., to his son and heir Saml., and to Priscilla d. John Cowper of Deanehouse, intended wife of Saml.junr. Rob. Hanson of Rastrick: and Sarah his wife surr. Rastrick hall to Thomas H. of Rastrick his elder brother. Edw. s. and h. Gilbt. Hoile, of Brigroyd in Rastrick, decd., surr. 6 acres to Saml. Hoile of Briggroyd and Elizth. his wife, natural sister and heir of said Edw. 1621. Johns. Hugh Norcliffe of Lightcliffe, and Sarah wid. and executor of Martin Aykeroyd, ffreemason, of Hipp., surr. lands to John Hall for 14 years. In Sowerby, Edward Holland, Esq., brother and heir of Ric. Holland of Denton, Esq., and Rob. Brearcliffe of Lanc., yeoman, held lands. Edwd. Hanson of Nether- wodhouse and Rob. H. of Rastrick surr. Briggroyd to Thos. H. of Brighouse, brother of John H. of Woodhouse (John’s wife was named Jennet), with remainder to Thomas’ children, Arthur, Ric., Judith, and remainder to his eldest son Thos.

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178 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

of Worrall, brother and heir of Wm. H., of Rotherham, defunct, surr. after death of Francis wife of Wm. Carre, wid. of said Wm., her thirds ‘of Lac. 1rd. at Lightcliffebroke, Cliffhouse (14 bov.), and Okenclough (8 ac.) in Sowerby, |Overall’s estates formerly,] to Rob. and Elizth., son and dau. of late Rob. Ellwes of Wadworth, and to Rob. and Wm. sons of (Wm.?) Rawson of Brinsforth. Wee doe finde that there is three score graveshippes in graveshippe of Sowerby (ffortie in

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 179

gent., broke Hipp. pinfold: Rob. Hargreaves, Andrew Gill, Maria Mediey for not mending ‘their ways’ between Geo. Hargreaves’ house and Hellywellsike, reported. Simon Fairbanke, Henry Scolfeld, Geo. Jackson, Maria Medley, 5s. each, for road between Geo. Fairbank’s house and Lydgettgrene to Lydgett yate. Ric. Pearson, Esq., and Grace his wife, d. and co-h. of Edw. Waterhouse of Preistley, deceased, surr. edifice and + rod to Saml. younger son of Ric. Sunderland of Coley Hall, Esq., which Saml. had married Anne, the other co-heiress. Thos. Whitley surr. Eastfields, Lightcliffe, to Andrew Gill for 21 ears.

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180 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Southowram, clothier, aged 59, lived at

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 181

pigs, 40d.; for breaking the fence of Matthew Lome at Thomroyd, 2s. Thos. s & h. Thos. Whitley of Synderhills surr. a barn and threshingfloor, garden, fold, also three Westfeilds, Lower Northedge and the Hilles in Wm. Hird’s tenure, to Wm. Hird for 21 years. 1682. Court Baron of Rob. Leeke and Wm. Swinsoe, gents., to the use 6f Gervase Clifton, Knt.,and Bart. John Northend of Hipp., Ric. N. of Nm., surr. Pighells in Nm. to Edward N. of Nm., younger son of said Ric. John Jewett fined 40d. for affray at Hipp. with Wm. Haldworth, and Ric. Jowett fined 10s. for drawing blood from Jonas Wilson. Ric. Sunderland, Esq., Coley, surr. Horwithins, Nm., to John Priestley for 21 years. Matthew Mitchell of North- ouram, chapman, and Susanna his wife, held lands in Nm. see 1634. [He had married at Halifax, in 1616, Susan Butterfield, and their son Jonathan, whom they took with them to New England in 1635, when the boy was 11 years old, became a celebrated minister of religion, and is still referred as one of America’s greatest worthies. Mather called him

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182 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Saml. Starke for shooting by engine and killing the game, fined 20s. each. Ric. Hanson and Joseph Thorpp fined 10s. each for affray and blood-drawing. Ric. ffenix for affray and blood-drawing from Isaac Waterhouse, Timothy Thorpe, and Danl. Gibson 238s. 4d.; and Timothy Thorpp 3s. 4d., for ditto from Jennetta wife of Ric. ffenix. Thos. Wood of Hipp. for not ringing his pigs 4s., and 20s. for harbouring a runaway three days and three nights. 1635. Jeremy Otes, Oxford University (Braz-Nose Coll.), being dead, Jas. Oates junr., of Whynnyroyd, Nm., his brother and heir, paid 22s. 7d. heriot for lands formerly Thos. Whitley senr’s., in Hipp. and Sowerby. Thos. Haldworth of Astay, gent., took lands in Hipp., in tenure of Saml. Bothomley, clothier. George Booth, clerk, and Robt. his son, clerk, and John Crowther, late vicar of Swillington, held lands in Nm. John Okel, vicar of Bradford, clerk, and Martha his wife, formerly wife of Ric. Batt of Spenn, gent., held lands in Nm. Wm. Hird broke Hipp. pinfold, fined 40d., and Nich. Batley, Timothy Gibson, Ric. Sunderland, Timothy Thorp, and Thos. Wood for affrays, 40d. to 10s. John Longley of Thornhillbrigge erected a cottage contra statute, fined £10. John Wilkinson and Henry Pearson, 20d. each, for fishing with a shove net. 1636. John Roide surr. lands in Hipp. to his youngest child Wm., and Martha and Hester his daughters were to be guardians of their brother. Ric. Sunderland of Coley Hall, Esq., being dead, Abm. his son, of High Sunderland,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 183

in the tenure of John Appleyard, to Samuel Appleyard his son; and Winteredge to Ric. Appleyard, another son. Arthur Elmsall for not filling up a colepit on Norwoodgrene, fined 20s., and Ric. Judson 5s. John Turner, Hipp., fined 8s. for not ringing four pigs. Edwd. s. Rob. Hanson of Rastrick surr. 2 closes in R., called Towneynge and

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184 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

between the houses of John Thorp and John Whitley were forbidden to cut the hedges next the highway on pain of 40d. 1642. John Kershaw was Hipperholme greave. Henry Hoile of Siglesthorne, clerk, surr. Nm. lands. Thos. Drake, rector of the par. church of Thornton-in-Craven, quit-claimed Highroyd, Nm., to Thos. Lister of Shibden Hall. Edward Emsall was constable of Shelf. 1648-4. Rolls missing. The battles of Atherton Moor and Marston Moor, and skirmishes at Bradford, Halifax,

Page 185

AND HIPPERHOLME. 185

Carr.

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186 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Hargreaves, Lightcliffe, surr. 6 closes in Lightcliffe, called Wharlers, Allonroides, to Thos. Sugden of Lightcliffe, yeoman. Langdale Sunderland of Coley Hall, Esq., re-conveyed High Sunderland and Coley to himself. John Whitley, of Rookes, surr. Osburnes, 6 acres, formerly John Rishworth’s of Coley Hall, Esq., to Nathan W., a younger son; Oldroyd in Nm., 6 acres, to Joshua W. another younger son; the great close in Eastfield, Lightcliffe, to his sons Michael and John, with remainder to Matthew his oldest son.

AS

Page 187

AND HIPPERHOLME. 187

blood from Henry Brighouse. John Brearcliffe of Halifax, apothecary, _ held Nm. lands. 1649. Saml., s. & h. Saml. Hoile of Hoile House, deceased, held 4 bovate and 63 acres in Lightcliffe. Joshua s. & h. Jas. Otes of the Marshe, Nm., cousin of Thos. Whitley of Sinderhills, yeoman, surr. lands in Nm. and Sowerby, to Susanna wife of Simon ffairbancke, dau. said Thos. Whitley. Thos. Hanson being dead, John H. Rastrick, his son & heir, paid heriot

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188 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

did ride over the grounds of John Hoyle in

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 189

Southowrome, gent. Next follows a note on Hoofe Edge, but eight- teen years have elapsed since these notes were taken, and I have not been since to finish the pleasant task, which I now leave for

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190 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Here we would gladly have left the story of the great Courts held at Brighouse, for although their ancient glory had departed the form and name still remained; but before 1890 the half-yearly placards ceased to be posted, and small bills were sent to solicitors for sus- pension in their offices, and alas! the Brighouse Court was dropped out. The bill for 1892 announces that the Great Courts Baron and Courts Leet, if held at all, which is not certain, wili be held as follows: Halifax, Monday, 25th April, and Monday, 10th October. Holmfirth, Wednesday, 27th April, and Wednesday, 12th October. Wakefield (Baron), 29th April, and 14th October. Wakefield (Leet), 30th April, and 15th October. The Constables and other Court Leet Officers are sworn in at the April Leets. Court days at Wakefield for copy- hold business are held every three weeks. The words in italics tell the decadence as laconically as the Hebrew word Ichabod. [Frankpledge, mentioned on the last few pages, means freemen’s surety. At fourteen years of age a freeborn male tenant had to get pledges for his fidelity, but

afterwards the person’s oath taken before the Sheriff was sufficient. Viewing the Frankpledge was examining the list of freemen. ]

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 191

_ From Saxon times it was customary to ‘let off’ berewicks or sub-manors, but these courts only controlled ordinary manorial business, and the inhabitants of the sub-manors had to attend the great manorial courts and especially the sheriff tourn.

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his wife, deforciants, of the same manors. The Elands of Carlinghow

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 193

of Henry III, granted lands to Walter de Wriglesford, who granted a carucate or ploughland in Fekisby to Michael Bertwisell, and Henry son of Henry of Fekisby granted all his lands there and the marriage of the heir, to the same Michael, who by marrying Maud sister of the said John Wriglesford held Fekisby in demesne and service, homages, wards, &c., but had to give a pound

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Modesta his wife and William his son. Wm. brother and heir of Robert de Meksborough gave to John s, Thos, de Totehill a mess. and half-bovate in F., with remainder to Wm. brother of said John, and to Beatrix and Isabel their sisters. Roger s. Wm. de Fekisby gave to John s. Dolphin de Bradelay 14 acres in F. and an acre in Fekisby fields. Elen d. Ric. de F. in her virginity gave lands to Thos. s, John s. Elen de F. John de Schepley released lands in F. to Sibil widow of Wm. de Totehill, 1840. In 1338 the King commanded William, son, and Modesta, widow of Thos. de Totehill that they give to John s. Thos. de Schepley six messuages and five bovates whereof Robt. de Hoderode cousin of John, whose heir he is, was seized. Agnes widow of John s. Henry de F. quit-claimed to Wm. de Totehill lands in F. Jone and Maud daughters of 'Ric. de Fekisby, in virginity, gave lands in F. to Robt. s. Thos. del Wood of Fekisby. An indenture, 1361, between Wm. de Riley and Hugh s. Wm. Stevenson witnesseth that Wm. gave to Hugh all the land in Cliff, Bromeroft, Callercroft, and Withins in Fekisby and 5 acres at Totehill in Priestroodwood in exchange for Greenhill and 17 acres in Fekisby field. Jone widow of Henry de Stansfeld gave to John de Nottingham lands in Rastrick, Fekisby and Linley, 1480. In 1479 it was found by Inquisition at Wakefield that Brian Thornhill held a messuage and four bovates in

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was possessid and seisid of a mannor callid Totehill, with all their appurt. within the towneshippe of Rastrike, as in the right of Katerin his wieff, of the which mannor with all their appurt. before- said by thassent and consent of Katerin the wieff of the sayd John, mad a feoffment and graunt unto Wm. Leventhorpp son of said John and Katerin, with other, under the form and condicion that followes, that is for to say that the sayd Wiliam with other feoffers shold make a lawefull estate of the sayd mannor with all their appurt. to Wm. Thornhill, brother to the said Katerin and to the heirs of his body laghfully begotten, and that the children of the said John and Katerin to the said Wm. Thornhill and his heirs might more worshippfullye be receyvid and welcomid, I Sir Thomas Strenger, parish preiste of Eland, recordeth that the said Katerin disclosid hir will unto me att Schingildhall, that this said feoffment was made to the use and profitte of Wm. Thornhill, brother to the sayd Katerin in the form beforesaid: of the which will beforsaid to report and beare record the sayd Katerin gav me the sayd Thomas Strenger, fifteen pence. Sealled in the presents of John Gleidhill of Eland and Alice his wieff and many others.”” Wm. the son of John and Katherine

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Richard (called Wm. in Hanson’s MS., but Watson

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 197

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 199

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Cistercian Nuns wore a white tunic or robe, a black scapular or head- dress, and a girdle. They led a very austere, silent, and diligent life, working in the fields as well as sewing and spinning.

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to Thos. Gargrave, Esq., in 1547, who immediately conveyed it to Thos. Pilkington of Bradley. Robt. Pilkington sold it in 1565 to John Armitage of Farnley Tyas, yeoman. The Manor of Clifton descended in 1807 to Reginald le Flemang on the death of Wm. his father. John le Fleming being dead, Thomas his son did fealty, 13851, for Clifton, rendering 20s. yearly and suit of Court every three weeks, paying for relief 20s. In 1406 Thomas Fleming, Knight, was lord. In 1420 Thomas F. did fealty for the manor. In 1528, Jone, wife of John Constable of Clifton, Esq., obtained lands from Sir Walter Calverley. Her daughters and coheiresses married as follows, Anne to Anthony Thorald and Cecily to Wm. Reyner, who held Clifton, 38 Eliz. In 1682, Elizabeth and

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earl of

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them.” The story of the Elland feuds seventy years after this shews that an outlaw was a popular man, and was in little danger of betrayal. In 1288, Ralph, a forester of Sowerbyshire, was wounded so severely that his life was despaired of, and several men were arrested because, though witnesses of the event, they would not divulge the name of the man who wounded him. Long after Robin Hood’s time we meet with notorious outlaws. The allusions to Lincoln and Kendal green cloths, and not to Halifax, which had not then become famous for its cloth as it soon afterwards did, are interesting side-lights in the story of ‘the prince of robbers and gentlest of thieves.’ No wonder that the Saxon descendants revered his name,

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be strongly railed to a great height, but bars were rivetted across the top to keep vandals away, who for various reasons, one being as a charm against toothache, desired fragments of the stone. Dr. Gale copied the epitaph on this stone nearly 150 years ago. The following is an exact copy of the wording taken from the stone in 1888 :— «Hear dis laitl stean Zaz vobert earl of

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Robin Hood and his men. ‘The Three Nuns” hostelry reminds the Wakefield road traveller of his proximity to the ancient Nunnery, whilst the Dumb Steeple, near Cooper Bridge: at the junction of the Hud- dersfield road, probably means

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Hall, the home of Percys, Stansfields, Saviles, Armytages, Hilileighs, in former days when its beauty had not faded away. Slight traces of its internal adornments in stained glass and plaster have remained to recent times.

Hau or

This portrait was evidently drawn by Williams, the Halifax artist of last century, and probably taken from life, so that Johnny Worrall was likely to be the subject, rather than his friend at Kirklees.

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But we cannot leave Kirklees without recording the barest outline pedigree of the family that has been so closely identified with it and Brighouse for three centuries. Wm. Armytage == Katherine d. Henry Beaumont, Esq., Crossland. John, Farnley Tyas, == Elizabeth Kaye, Lockwood. John, d. 1624.

I I John, HighSheriff, d.1650. Edward, of

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Margaret his daughter, and John his son. Robert de Prestlay and Margaret his wife, and Thos. brother of Margaret were closely related tohim. Written July 12,1402. John Kyng, vicar of Halifax, Thomas de Burgh, brother of testator, and Ric. de Miggelay were executors. 1402, March 14. Administration granted to Isabel widow of Henry Godlay, Halifax parish, and to Thomas his brother. 1402, Nov. 21. Gilbert Otes, Halifax, Wm. Otes executor. 1468, March 20, proved May following. Will of Wm. Haldesworth, senr., of Halifax parish; orders that his body be buried in Halifax church, and gives rents from Northouram lands to support the chapel of Blessed Virgin Mary. Mentions Johanna his wife, Ric. his son. Witnesses, John Brodelegh, chaplain, Rob. Egleslay (Exley), &c. 1499. Henry Kent of Wakefield took out administration of goods of Sir John Kent, vicar of Bristall. 1438. In dei nomine, amen, John Kynge, vicar of Halifax, May 14, 1488, gave his soul to the blessed Virgin Mary, and his body to be buried in John the Baptist church, Halifax. Bequeathed his best animal as mortuary gift. To Halifax church a book called ‘ pupilla.’ Rob. Singleton, chaplain. This was the Hawking or Sportsman Vicar. 1459, 22 Aug. Administration to all the goods of John Rishworth of Coley, who died intestate, granted to John and Jas. his sons, and to Ric. Rokes. 1432. John Smyth of Bradford-dale, directed that his body be buried in Bradford churchyard; mentions Alice his wife, Wm. his son. Dated at Manyngham April 10th, proved May 7th. 1474, June 7. Written April 5th. John Lacy of Cromwellbotham, to be buried in Halifax church; gave to the vicar the best animal ; 6s. 8d. for two torches to burn at the wake, 2s. for candles at his burial. To Rothwell church 6s. 8d., Methley church 6s. 8d., to priest at Elland 8s. &. To Elizbth fflyntill 10 marks towards her marriage. Also to Jane d. Gilbt. Lacy 10 marks. Johns. Ric. Lacy 40s. Geo. Kay 40s. Geo. Lacy 40s. John Rysshworth’s sons and daughters, 40s. Brian Thornhill and his wife 40s. John Thornhill their son 40s. Granted an annual sum for a priest to celebrate for him, his wife, &c., in Halifax church. His son Richard, Gilbert. Lacy, Persevall Amyas and John Rysshworth were executors. Witnesses, Rob. Eeclesay, Rob. Peke, Sir Thos. Oglethorp.

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1478. Will dated Dec. 20, proved Jan. 20, next month, of Ric. Northend of Halifax parish, senior. Gave his body to Halifax church- yard, his soul to Almighty God, the Blessed Mary his mother, and All Saints. To Halifax vicar his best animal as mortuary. To the friars of St. Robt., Knaresbro’ 4d., the minor friars Doncaster

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1504, Aug. 12. Will proved of John Bonny, Hartshead. Buried at Hartshead. Son Christr., Rob. Auly, chaplain, and Thos. Bonny, executors. 1504. Robt. Otes, held cowroides near Gledeclif, Agnes his wife, Wm., Robt., Margaret, children. John and George, his brothers. Rob. Savile was one of the executors. 1507. Written Sep. 10, proved Oct. 30. John Mitchell, to be buried in Halifax churchyard. Agnes his wife, Rob., John, Jas., Richd., sons. Executors were Thos. Gleydhill, clerk, and Wm. Mychell. Witnesses, Gilbt. Cley, chaplain, Ric. Gleydhill, Wm. Wilkinson. ‘‘ Proved before me Thos. Jenkynson, curate of Halifax.” Jenkynson was afterwards vicar of

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1517. Thos. Prestley, to be buried at Elland chapel. Margt. wife; John, Ellen, Margaret, children. 1536.. Wm. P., bur. at Elland. 1517. Agnes wid. Robt. Brodeley; bequests to Thomas, Johan, Grace, Agnes their children. John Kent, Bradford, Edw. Kent, senr., and Thos. Brodeley, supervisors. Witnesses, John Barstow, chaplain, Ric. Eckylsley, Edw. Kent. 1518. Gilbt. Saltonstall, Shelffe, mentions his brother Edwd., and sons Edward, Ric. and Wm. Witnesses, Sir Wm. Alt, prest, John Saltonstall, Ric. Haldworth. 1518. Johns. John Haldesworth gave his soul to God, our Lady, and All Saints in heaven. To Margaret wife of Rob. Boye, 3 cou’letts, a blanket, 2 sheytts, a bedstok. To mending the ways about Halifax 40s. Ric. his brother, and many others, kindly remembered. 1518. Wm. Rooks (of Royds Hall) gave his soul “to God Almighty, our blessed Lady his moder and to all the holy company of hevyn, and my body to be buried in Bradford church ;” gave the best beast after the custom of the country as a mortuary. To the high altar for tithes forgotten 20d. To Kirkwork of Bradford 6s. 8d. To chappel of (Cleck) Heton 7s. To Jennet Wylkynson his sister 9s. or a cowe. To Thos. Rooks, 13s. 4d., Gilberde Rooks 13s. 4d., Agnes Rooks 13s. 4d. His wife Anne, executrix. Sir John Tempest, Sir Thos. Strey, John Milner, Sir Thos. Eccope, preist, feofees for 8 years of lands in Shelf,

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- 1526. John Hemyngway gave to Elene, wife of his son Ric. a close called Joneridynge; to John Hemyngway 4 stones of wool. Executor, his son James. 1526. John Mylner gave 5s. to byeing a masse buke to oure ladye altar in Halifax church. To Elizabeth Smith, his wife’s daughter, a cowe. To John Smith, a pair of Walker Shires, 5 yards of blu clothe, and acowe. John Wilkinson a blake calf. Rob. Milner to have rest of lease of Stoneroide mylne at 40d. yearly to Wm. s. Wm. Rayner, and give 16d. to Saint Antony light. Wm. his brother to have his Kendall

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saintes in hevyn; his body to Halifax Church. To Sir Christr. Hald- esworth his son 20s. Wm. Brooke of Hipperon his son in law 20s. Ric., Gilbt., Wm., sons, executors. Witnesses, Edwd. Kent, John alias Jenkyn Mawde. 1534. Ric. Rokes of Rodshall. Body to SS. Peter and Paule church at Bradford. My curate to pray for me after thacte of Parlia- ment, 40d. &c. &e. To Heton chapell 40d. To Colay chapell 40d. Rest, after benefactions to several priests, to William his son. Proved Sep. 18, 1535. _ 1536. Proved May 15. William Blakburne’s will. Appointed John Smythe of Lyghtclyf, and John Roode of Hypperon supervisors. Witnesses, Sir Wm. Saltonstall and Sir Edwd. Hoppay, priests. To the priests serving in the chapell called (that is, Lightcliffe,) 4s. per annum for twenty years from Bothum Ynge. Mentions his wife Jenet, and children Jas., Edwd., Wm., Sibel and Ann ; and his brothers and sisters, Thos., Leonard, Alice, Margaret. 1536. Rob. Auley, desired to be buried at Hartshead, gave 6s. 8d. to churchwork ; 20s. to prioress and convent of Kirkleghes, requesting them to pray for his soul. To Ellen his sister a black gowne; sister Agnes a marble gown; Elizabeth a black gown; Ric. Auley his godson ten sheipe; Maistress Stansfeld a mare, a fillie, stagg, eight sheep, a violet gowne, paire of linnen sheites, two pillows, two stone of woule, a swarm of bees, and 20s.in money. To Sir John Trenchmyre a pair of cloth hoise, Sir John Richardson ditto. Rest to his brother John, and John’s son, Gilbert. Witnesses, Ric. Rayner, Rauf Blackburn, Laur. Hyrste. Sir Robert had been priest at Hartshead. 1537. Edwd. Saltonstall mentions his sons Ric., Edwd.,

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sid of the middle Alley of Halifax Church. Bequest to Margaret d.

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and make my trustie frendes Richarde Roks of Idill and Robert Smyth my brother supervisors, and assign to them governance of said J

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children of said Ric. 6s. 8d. To Ric. Bene £6 13s. 4d. To my sister Jennet 6s. 8d. Sister Elizabeth 33s. 4d., Margt. Beu’laye (Beverley) £8 6s. 8d. To John Whitacres and Jennet bie sister £2. Wm. Riley 6s. 8d. Sibell Hogge, 6s. 8d. To the

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Detts due to me from Jas. Haley, Halifax, £10; John Croder, Warley, 15s.; Ric. Northende of Hipperom 14s.; Ric. Heptonstall, Cliftonne, 6s. 8d.; Ric. Nailor of Scoles 7s.; John Holdesworth of Hoill 6s.; John Barroclough of Houffege 4s.; Ric. Brodley of Thornyalls 20d.; Isabell Fornes of Halifax, widdo, 13s. 4d.; Christopher Medley of Brighowse 7s.; John Michell of Halifax 20s.; Thos. Arondell of Shipden 12d. Thies witnesses—Nicholas Appilyerde, Wm. Thorpe, Nicho. Brodeley, John Thorpe, Edwd. Dobson, Wm. Baker. 1551. Wm. Rooks of Rods Haull, bequeaths lands at Reyvey in the tenure of Bishop of St. Davids (Farrer, afterwards burnt at the stake), lands in Wibsey, &c. to Johan his wife, and Wm. and Ric. his sons, Anne and Elizbth. dau. Tristram Bollinge had married his sister Anne. Sir Thos. Sharpe was to have his half-year’s borde at Royds Hall. 1551. Rob. Scoffeld, Lightcliffe, Augt. 20, gif and bequith my saull to Jesu Christe oure God in whos blissed passion and by the merites wherof is all my full trust to have cleane remission and for- yvenes of all my synes, and bodie to Halifax Church. Elizabeth my welbelouyd wife to have her thirds. Rest to my six children, Anne, Jane, Sibell, Isabell, Martyn and Henry. Supervisors, Ric. Brodley and John Roods. Witnesses, Thos. Smythe, Gilbt. Hoole, Henry Hemingway, Jaspar Hanson, clerke, writer hereof. 1551, Aug. 6, proved

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1558. Rob. Hanson of Wodhouse in Eland Parish, in protestant form gives his soul, and his body to be buried in Eland Church garth near the rote of the old ewe tree near chancell doore. The Vicar of Halifax to have the usual mortuary. Whereas John Hanson of Hud- dersfeld, my nephew, owes me 26s. 8d. for a parcel of land in Brighouse, late my deceased brother Thomas’, I give it to the beldinge of one bridge standinge ouer the water of Calder betwixte Raistrike and Brighouse comonly called Brighouse bridge ; 10s. at the commenct. of the buyldinge newe, 6s. 8d. when half-finished, and 10s. when just completed. To mendinge a waye called Lange doglayne betwixt Neyther Edge and Oldearthe close 6s. 8d. to be paid by Edwd. H. of Eland, my nephew. To mendinge of one waye in Brighouse, lienge towne of Brighouse and Clifton bridge 6s. 8d., to be paid by my executors at such tyme as the inhabitants of Brighouse is or shal be mynded to make labor and coste themselves. To my brother’ John H., father of John H. of Huddersfield, I give an arke at Wod- house. To John H. of Huddersfield a wyndle of rye. To John H. my cosyn, s. and h. of John H. of Huddersfield, one little chiste made of 5 or 6 bordes, } yard long. To

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faither. I give to Margaret Ourall all my purchest londes, &c. in Sowerby, and Ric. Bentley and Edwd. Hoille my supervisors to have charge of Margaret Ou’all till she is 18; remainder to her systers,

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1557. Ric. Brodeley of Hipperome (in protestant formula) be- queaths his father’s lands in Bradford-dale to his son Ric., Hipperome lands to his son Edward. Isabel his wife to have her thirds. Annuities to Elizabeth, Isabel, Sebell, Grace, Alys, daughters. 1558. Written July 11, 1556, (in Catholic formula), Wm. Beamont of Brighouse, to be buried at chapel of our Lady St. Mary at Elland. To the Hye Alter in said chapell for tithes forgotten, 12d.. Joanna his wife remainder of lease of Peter Beaumont in Morley. Sons, John and Leonard. Witnesses, Thos. Wilson, clerk, vicar of Myrfeld, Sir John T'renthmeyer, preist, Thos. Beaumont, Lucke Longley. Proved before Sir Wm. Saltonstall, curate of Halifax. 1559. Wm. Clyff, younger, Halifax parish, to Wm. his father 40s., syster Alice 10s., syster Elizbth. 6s. 8d., Henry her son 6s. 8d., Sir

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1562. Thomas Smyth of Lyghtclyff, gave to Margaret his wife the third of the freehold and copyhold in Hipp’, Lyghtclyf, Brighouse, and Clyfton. To my bastard sone Wm. Smyth £6 13s. 4d. when 21 years old. To

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onely sonne our Savioure Jesus Christ, trusting by his death and pas- sion to have cleane remyssion and full pardon of all synnes, and my body to be buried in Halifax churchyard. Isabel my wief her thirds, and half the fermhold for rest of the term, and the other half to Wm. my son, being obedient to his mother. To Wm. all the lands, he paying 4 marks a year till it amounts to 20 marks, to the executors. Wm. Whytley my sone-in-law and Janet his wief one paire of lomes and one chymney and 13s. 4d. money. To Thos. Emsonne and Mar- garet his wief 40s. which amount he oweth to me.- John my younger son, and Isabel my daughter to be executors. To Robt. Haldworth of Lightcliff, my best pair of hose save one, and my satyn cott (coat). John Ledall 4d. Edward my brother and Wm. Mitchell my brother- in-law, supervisors. With my proper hand, seal and mark. Witnesses, John Smyth, Edwd. Hoyll, Rob. Hoyll, Rob. Smyth, Wm. Mitchell, Gilbt. Hoyle. 1569. Wm. Haldsworth, Halifax parish, to Jennet H. my brother’s daughter a read cowe. Wife of John Gybsonne my cosyn the black hawked cowe. Rob. Brighouse’s wyfe the greater new chiste. Thos. Royde wyfe the lesser.

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1573. Rob. Hoyle, lightclyff, of good &c. (protestant formula.) To Margaret, dau., a browne cowe and quye. Jennet, dau., a cowe and 8s. Anne,

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1574. Mary d. Ric. Sunderland of H. Sunderland gave to Abm. s. Henry Rishworth 2s. Mary d. Wm. Tyllotson 2s. Edwd.

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me

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13573.

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1582. Written 1577. Nicholas Appleyarde, Lyghclyff, gives his brothers John and Thos., and brother-in-law John Gleydell, 16s. each, rest to his wife Margaret. John Hodgson, of Wakefield, owed him 10s. 1588. Ric. Stevenson of Brighous, body to be buried at Ealand, among the bodies of the faithful. To Jannet his wife 4. For repair of Thorniall brige 12d. Thos. Hanson of Rastrick, and John Gibson of Lambcote, supervisors. Witnesses, Thos. Brighouse, John Hanson elder, John Wilson, Henry Haighe. 1585. Isabell youngest dr. John Walker, late decd., of Lyghtclyffe, gave to Saml. yonger son of John Hoyll all her lands in Townfield of Wharnbie (Quarmby), and in North Crosland. To Mary dr. said John

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paid by Rob. Hemingway of Ouerbrea as each became 21. To Rob. 20 nobles. Grace and Jane, daughters, to have leasehold

for two years. Rest to Edward, son. Witnesses, Rob. Lillie, Hugh -

Ramsden, and me Rob. Horton. 1590. Wm. Walker of Okenshawe, son of Robt. who had lands in Hipp. in right of Susan his wife. Mentions wife Jane, and children John, George, Roger, Jane and Ellen. 1589. Jo. Snype, Lighcliffe, shared his estate equally between his wife and child. John Kighley owed him 43s., Thos. Walker 33s. 4d., John Bawmforth, Wicke, 33s.4d. His debts were to John Shackleton elder, 10s., Edwd. Bates 3s. 4d., Nich. Peele, Liversedge, 3s. 10d. Witnesses, John and Edward Barockelewe, Thos. Huylle. 1590.

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1591. Feb. 29. In Name of God, Amen. I, William Hoill of Sleadhall, co. York, of prft memory, believing there is nothing more certain then death and uncertain then life, give my soul to God Almighty, trusting in the bloudshedding of Jesus Christ my alone Saviour, and my body to be buried at Halifax Church. To Henry my second son half acre called Thristwells of the nature of freehold in Sutclyff wood. To Danyell, 3rd son, 9 acres in Sutcliffe Wood in tenure of Roger Waddington. ‘To Michael, youngest son, 7 acres and edifices in Shelf in tenure of Rob. Otes, and Longroid in Southoram. To Edward, eldest son, £18 18s. 4d. and one cubbard, one stand bedd in the chamber. Also to Henry £20 in money, Danl. £30, Michl. £30, Sarah, daughter, £66: rest to wyfe Isabell, the executrix. John Hoile of Hoile House, gardner (guardian) of Henry; Ric. Rayner of Priestley, gardner of Danl. Supervisors, John Hoile my brother, John Hoile of Hoile House, Henry Hoile of Harthorne, Ric. Rayner of Preistley. Each godchild to have 12d. Proved 1592. 1592. Thos. Stancliffe, Hipperome. Isabel, wyfe, Michael, son; my friend Ric. Thorp, Elland parish, to have tuition of Michael. To Thos. Northend, my sister’s son, 12d. Agnes Whitwham my maid, 2s. 6d. Godchildren 12d. each. Witness, John Northend. 1592. Thos. Watterhouse, Preistlay, gave to the children of Ric. Kente, deceased, of Preistley, viz., Anne, Jeremye, Grace, Mary, Sarah and Isabel, and to the children of Thomas Walker of Preistley, viz. Robt., Ann, Valentyne, Mary, and Ales, the rents I had of my mother Anne Waterhouse for six years, the lands at Whytwood sold by Robt. Waterhouse in Brighouse, the lands in the occupation of John Mitchell, in Preistley, and Ric. Scholefeld’s wyfe’s rent in Lyghtlyf, to share equally among them, by John Waterhouse of Norwoodgreen. Thos. Hall, supervisor. 1592. John Hodgson, N’ouram; Mary wife; John, Daniel, sons; child unborn. John Firth brother-in-law. Jane Paslew, Doncaster, to have 20s. 1592. Thos. Hanson, Rastrick; Jenet wife; Elizabeth and Judith drs. by first wife. Roger, son and heir. To Thomas, a younger son, he gave lands &c. and a pair of walker sheires. John and Robert, sons, to be under tuition of Thomas H. of Brighouse. Gift to John son of his brother John. Supervisors, John and Edward H., his brothers. ; 1592. Christr. Sharde, Lightclyff. Alice wife; Thomas, Anne and Mary their child’s parts. John Smyth of

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Hemingway’s wife, Ealifax, 6s. 8d. Brian Otes 3s. 4d. Rest to my four daughters, Lucy Barraclough, Alice Oldfield, Mary Haldsworth, and Anne Hemingway. Ric. Sunderland of the High Sunderland and Wm. Haldsworth my brothers, overseers. 1593. Isabell wid. Bryan Hardie, Clayton, gave to Isabel d.

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lands in Horton and Shipley. To Isabel and Susan, daughters, £40 each. Tempest the eldest son to have lands in Bradford bought of James

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1597. Thos. Hole, of Lightcliff. I owe Gilbt. Saltonstall 46s. 6d. for three stone of wooll at 15s.6d., Elizabeth, wife; Mary, daughter. John the younger son to have his share when 14 yrs. of age. John and Gilbt. Hole to be overseers. _ 1597. John Waterhouse of Norwoodgreen, yeoman; to John, son, a table, three stande bedds, two cupbords, one great arke, three iron rainges, paying to my daughters Susan, Sarah and Anne £10, when he is 21 or married. John Cowper of Dean House, my brother-in-law, to have charge, with Isaac Waterhouse of Woodhouse, and John Brooke of Rookes, my brother-in-law. The Carr in N. Bierley, in tenure of Wm.. Wood, to be purchased for £146. 1598. Gilbert Saltonstall, Rooks, gent., gave to Halifax Church £1., Halifax poor £1. Hipperholme poor £1 yearly for ten years to be de- livered at my house at Rooks yearly every Christmas eve. Wragbye poor 10s. To Isabel my wife £10. Mary Savile my

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wife of my son John a gould peice of 15s. To Thomas my son Langueth cronicles and Breviarie of health by Dr. Board. (See 1613.) 1599. Edward Brighouse of Hippholme, late of Bingley, thelder, gives to Rob. Barraclough £10, Edward Brighouse junr. gent., £30, Kdward Hoyle £10, Christr. Fotherbie 4 marks, Jesper Brighouse £1, Isabel Sager six strokes of wheat, George Thornton a paire of breeches, dublett, nether stockes and a pair of socks, George Rowland a paire of fusten breeches, George Rowland’s wife 2s., Jesper Pickard £8, Wm. Pickard £8 and the chiste that lockes with a cheane at bothe ends,- and a cloke. To Mary Gill 3s., Raphe Brighouse 38s., Margaret Kighley a velvet hatt and £4, Abraham Brighouse £1. Rest to my brother Robert, the executor. 1600. Edmund Watson, of Lightcliff, clothier, mentions his wife Margaret; Elizabeth, Grace, Rose, Edmund and Michael, children. 1609. Margaret wid. John Hanson, Woodhouse. To Judith dr. of my son John Ferror £2. John Ferror £10. Rob. Ferror £10. Rob. son of Nich. Hanson £2. Dorothy dr. Nich. £1. Daughter Mary wife of Nicholas Hanson £10. To daughter Dorothy and her husband £10. To dr. Judith and Wm. Deane her husband £10. Daughter Susan and her husband Robt. Whittel £10. Her sons Henry, Robt. and John had been provided for, Anthony Wade of Kings Cross, her cousin. 1618. Nicholas Hanson, Ealand, servant and clerk to Rt. Worpful. Sir John Savile, Baron of the Exchequer, directs his burial at Ealand near his late father John H. of Woodhouse, and his auncestors, gives his lands in Eland and Huddersfield to his only son Robt. and only daughter, Dorothy, wife of John Farrer; the son then a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxon, who by excess of study or something else had been melancholy but now amended: my daughter married to my great comfort, and having issue a son and a daughter both chargeable to me. To John Farrer the son-in-law and to the grandson John F. was given the cottage, &c. in Brighouse. To Mr. Sunderland, preacher at Elland, 20s. for the poor. To my brother John a new sattan dublet which was my late master’s.. Books to my brother Thomas and Arthur his son; sister Judith Deane; and cozen Thomas H. of Brig- house. Half of the books in his study to his son Robt. Hanson, and the other half (except his precedent books) to his son-in-law John Farrer; to the chapel of St. Matthew of Rastrick, he gives a book con- taining a Hundred Sermons on the Apocalypse; to his brother John Hanson, a manuscript Bracton in parchment. He had the Acts and Monuments, in two volumes, and the Christian Warfare, of which he makes special bequests. To his cousin Thomas Hanson of Brighouse,

Page 235

AND HIPPERHOLME. 235

another precedent book, ‘‘a special good one, written.” He had already given a book to his brother John Farrer, teaching to Learn to Live and Die Well; and finally his FitzHerbert’s Natura Brevium and some other law books he to his cousin

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‘236 BRIGHOUSE,. RASTRICK

1662. Jonathan Priestley of Sowerby, clothier, believing in the resurrection of the body, &c. gave to his nephew Jonathan Priestley of Priestley Green, the copyhold lands in his tenure, paying yearly 18d. to the lord of the manor, and also Haworth

Page 237

AND HIPPERHOLME.

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238 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Days of

Page 239

AND HIPPERHOLME, 239

We have, however, had glimpses of wars, plagues, fairs, banditti, tragedies, gibbettings, &c., that afford the novelist and romancer full scope to make the old glamour and tournaments return, and perhaps some local Scott may arise, with wizard wand, to revivify the scenes. I prefer to discover first the real state of society, without forgetting the jolly feasts and holy-days that helped to brighten the existence of the poor down-trodden, yet on the whole, well-fed peasants. They had forgotten the happy days of Saxon freedom, but not the intuitive desire for self-government and improvement, and the decay of feudalism, the introduction of manufactures, the prosperity of the yeomanry class and other accessories, especially a widening of thought in religious matters, and enlarged educational facilities, and the spread of literature by the printing press, were rapidly raising the masses to be an acknowledged power in the land. Though it was impossible for a Robin Hood gang now to exist, or for pitched local battles to be fought, outlaws of, the Nevison type, and village antipathies continued long after this time. Nevison had haunts about Hove Edge, Brighousers stole the Rastrick Maypole; and one township often had sod, or clog fights with the next township. Hals were kept at great houses; pipers and crowders, or fiddlers, led ‘a wandering minstrel life, and ballad singers like the one given here, as drawn by Williams

Page 240

240

Page 241

AND HIPPERHOLME. 241

Civil and Religious Strife, 1600-1700.

We have not space in this volume to enter upon the great conflicts, civil and religious, that distracted the seventeenth century, for to do justice to the Religious, Social, Educational, and Family History of the district a volume as large as the present one is required. Two men on either side in the Civil War were locally conspicuous. No memoir of Capt. Langdale Sunderland, of Coley Hall, of Fixby, and afterwards of Acton, has been compiled, though he was one of the staunchest Royalists under Lord Langdale, his kinsman, and a great sufferer when the fines were imposed under the Commonwealth. After diligent enquiries we found that some of his descendants are living at Ulverstone, and in New Zealand, and from them we have secured the portrait of the Captain, copied from an old painting at the Antipodes. Capt. Drake, of Shibdendale, has preserved to us an account of the Pontefract sieges, which has been printed by the Surtees Society. Capt. Thomas Taylor was a Parliamentarian officer, who married Arthur Hanson’s daughter, of Brighouse Park, and eventually settled at the old Hanson home in the centre of Brighouse, and became like his brother-in-law, a follower of George Fox, the Quaker. Of his soldier life we know nothing, but of his religious life many events are recorded. He was buried in his garden in the centre of Brighouse, ‘‘standing upright,” says Oliver Heywood, in his

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242 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Church party, and the Republicans and Puritans formed the Dis- senters. Stringent laws against the latter, imposing civil disabilities, widened the breach, but into ecclesiastical history we may not now enter. This was the period when scholars were admonished to keep diaries of events, and by this means, in the absence of newspapers, we have preserved for us, along with parish registers, the family,

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 243

which has now jurisdiction amongst the Society of Friends over most of the West Riding, owes its origin to these visits. Capt. Taylor had two relatives who became Quaker champions, and who, like himself and Heywood, and scores more of local dissenters, suffered imprisonment in York Castle for conscience’ sake. These were the Rev. Thomas Taylor of Skipton, and the Rey. Christopher Taylor, incumbent of St. Ann’s, Southowram, brothers, who joined Fox and forsook their livings and titles; Rey. was not used by clergymen then, but these two ignored plain Mr. Of their sufferings there is not space now to write, for the family history of the Friends would occupy much room; we must follow the civil and commercial chapters for the rest of this volume. An old malt-kiln used by the Taylors and Greens when there was a large malt trade in the district, _ stood on the actual site of the Town’s office. During the brief Commonwealth, Halifax and Leeds had the privilege of sending a member each to Parliament. Mr. Jeremy Bentley, the first and only Halifax M.P. before the great Reform Bill, resided at Nether Woodhouse in 1655, and Mr. Adam Baynes sat for Leeds.

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244 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

1590-1699.

Lists of’ names are not attractive reading, but they may be turned to great use. They shew when families settle in a place, and negatively when others leave, also the social status and material improvements; and the gradual growth of population and the introduction of industries. Pedigree making is a very minor but interesting advantage assisted by these lists. We have been able to gauge the population in 1879, and of Rastrick in 1605 (p. 168,) when there were only 24 families in the township. The following lists shew the importance of the district as compared with neighbouring townships, and also give the names of every family residing here. 1590. The names of ye inhabitants of ye chappelrie of Lightcliffe, assessed by John Smyth, John Thorpe, Nicholas Thornill and John, Boothe

Page 245

AND

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246 BRIGHOUSE,

RASTRICK

Complaints about Rates and Values of Lands, and the way of

assessing in Morley Division, 1699.

Page 247

AND HIPPERHOLME.

Norwoop GREEN QUARTER.

Ab: Langley for Kitchinge closes & carr Inge For Gill Farme Tho: Wiley hath it & For two closes ‘at Hou- edge Mr. Francis Priestley Francis Brooke for ye shutt William Ramsden Richard Riddlesden for pt. ‘of Rooks Samuell Stanhope

Page 248

248

Page 249

AND HIPPERHOLME. 949

Page 250

250 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

culminated in the West Riding, under the Rev. Benjamin Ingham, of Osset, who married a Lady Hastings, into Ingham’s Societies. This led to the frequent visits to Smith House of that venerable man John Wesley. The Holmes family owned the place then, and when a differ- ence arose between the Moravians and the Methodists, Mrs. Holmes took sides with the latter. Meantime, a number of Germans or Moravians had been invited into Yorkshire to take charge of Ingham’s Societies, and they had settled at Smith House, in the high three- storey building erected for them by Mr. Holmes, whilst an overflow

Page 251

AND HIPPERHOLME. 251

was told off to German House, then called Newhouse. A large school was held at Smith House, and if Mrs. Holmes, whose husband had recently died, had remained with the Moravians, it is probable that the Settlement, now at Fulneck, would have remained in Lightcliffe. The history of the Moravians reads like a romance, but must be left out for a special ecclesiastical volume ; as must the stories of Rastrick, Coley and Lightcliffe Churches. We must not forget that to this date and to these events the present century is vastly indebted. The introduction of local preachers, beyond any religious influence, has promoted an independence of thought and expression that has mater- ially advanced the present condition of social progress, whilst the religious instinct preserved the masses from unrighteous deeds. It would be well if the same considerateness, integrity, and charity were fostered to-day; and then masters and men, capital and labour, would be inseparable factors in social prosperity, and loss and jarring would cease. In 1745, Joshua Guest, a native of Spout House in Lightcliffe, had reached the position of Lieutenant General of Dragoons, and, though

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252 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

abound with romantic interest. I have copy of ‘‘ An Act to dissolve the Marriage of Edward, Viscount Ligonier with Penelope, daughter of George Pitt, 1772,” after six years’ wedded life, for adultery with Count Vittorio Amadeo Alfieri. The husband fought a duel with

Alfieri on this account. A pamphlet of 78 pages respecting the trial was issued in 1771.

Jean Louis (John) Ligonier Francois Ligonier fled from France in 1697 with d. at Falkirk in 1745 his brother. Fought with Lord of fatigue. Marlborough ; became Viscount. I d. 1770. Edward, 2nd

Viscount, d. 1782. Lady Ligonier was frail and beautiful. Forty years ago, fond grand- mothers pronounced their grandchildren as bonny as Lady Legoneer, but who she was few remembered. I hunted out a few particulars about the ‘ grand lady,’ and found an oil-painting at Mr. Thompson’s, Chapel-le-Brier, depicting a hunting scene, amongst the riders being -Mr. Thompson, who owned lands at Sutcliffe Wood, Mr. Aked, the Southowram parson, who shared the usual parsonic sport of that time, and Lady Ligonier. Parson Aked is just clearing a gate in splendid

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 253.

style. What brought her ladyship to reside at Newhouse (not the New house just mentioned as German House, but the one opposite Lightcliffe New Church), I could never learn, or what became of her eventually, except that the peerages say she married a Captain Smith in 1784. Her paramour at Lightcliffe was a local man named Wright, I believe. In order to encourage the woollen trade, the bodies of deceased persons had to be buried after 1678, in I woollen dresses, or a penalty was imposed, and the undertaker had to sign a certificate stating con- formity to the Act. The certificate bore the grim, unconsoling figure of a skeleton. The constables had many unpleasant duties during the war in obtaining soldiers. I have by me a list of the in- habitants of Rastrick, July 2, 1759, of males between 18 and 50, liable to be called out as soldiers. They are numbered 1 to 117 as they were written down from house to house :—John Bentley, John Garside, Wm. Goodhear, Wm., John, and James Walker, George Bentley, Wm. and Joshua Dawson, Michael Garside, Joshua and Joseph Collens, Ealy and Danel Dyson, Thos. Mitchell, James and John Hodge, Solomon Pitchfort, Michill Knowls, John Rangley, Wm. Aspinall, Wm. Parke, John Brook, John Aple- yard, Jonathan (? Apleyard), John Whitwham, Joseph and Wm. (of Nunery) Aspinall, John Brigg, James Sykes, John Wadsworth, George Aspinal, Jas. Shaw, Joseph Brook, John Sunderland, Saml. Garfitt, Wm. Helm, Charles Smith, Joseph Stockill, Abrm. Marsdin, John Milner, John Marshall, Wm. Baritt, Benjamin Mallinson, Joseph Tiffoney, fox John Brook, law John Brook, owld John Brook, Joseph Blagburn, Saml. Sharp, Ricd. Denham, Thos. and John Richardson, Joseph Firth, Joseph and John Goodhear, Joshua and Abraham Richard- son, Joshua Farrer, Joseph, James, and Benjamin Horsfall, Joshua Bothomley, Wm. Clugh, Thos. Robards, Henery Rotherey, Mathew Fisher, Jonas Stot, John Blagburn, John Brigg, John Tiffeney, John Morton, Wm. Green, James Evison, Thomas Thornton, John Bothomley, Thomas Thornton of Woodhouse, Thos. Stake, John Hirst, Benjn. Morton, Abram Scholfield, James Denham, John Firth, John Bell, John Rushforth, James and Wm. Bothomley, Jonathan Denham, Ricd. Boothroyd, Thos. Evison, Michl. Firth, Thomas Greenwood, Saml. Wilkinson, Edmund Cooper, John Preston, James Pearson, Joseph Marshel, Wm. Robson, frnses Horn, John Dorans, John Richardson, John Smith, Jonas Preston crossed off, John Singleton, Joshua Irdale, Wm. Rodes, John Stake, John Mallinson, Isaac Stocks, John Jackson,

a>

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254 , BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Aabrm Mallinson, Joseph Lockwood, Jas. Holt, John Freeman, Thos.

Page 255

or Or

AND HIPPERHOLME. 2.

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256 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Their children were

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 257

Mary, b. 14 March, 1781, married Abraham Horsfall, Common. A

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258 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Page 259

AND HIPPERHOLME.

259

HOVE EDGE QUARTER.

£ 24 Widow Waddington 83 Abrm. Mallinson, Hill Top 20 Mr. Luke Howorth 14 Mr. Abrm. Mallinson 5 Mr. Saml. Howorth 6 Jo. Booth 2 Wm. Tate 9 Wm. Greenwood 4 Do. 93 Hugh Mallinson 4 Isaac Naylor 24 Late Widow Scholefield 84 Wm. Holland 14 Mary Flather 2 John Pilling Cottages 1 Widow Longbottom

all the Cottages

£ 113 John Flather 1$ Do. his House

7 Geo. Wilkinson 64 John Wilkinson 634 Josh. Hall 4 Do. 12

Pt. of late Banks farm John Sharpe 15 James Greene 13 Josh. Hemingway 1 Saml. Sharpe 10 Crispin Wilkinson 14 Jo. Ogden 2 Mr. James Dyson’s Wood 03 Late Mr. Saml. Lister’s Wood 04 Crossland Wood

BRIGGHOUSE QUARTER.

30 Esqr. Thornhill’s Mills 38 Mr. James Stocks 10 Do. Waring Greene 2 Do. for Mrs. Ledger Cott. Do. for Whitefields 13 Late Firth’s and Crowther’s 25 Mr. Peter Day 4 Do. Malt Kiln 20 Mr. Saml. Nicholls 5 Mr. Eli Clegg [now White Swan.] 12: Mr. Jno. Pitchforth and Brooke 4 Jno. Hayley 8 Howorth

Page 260

260

Page 261

AND HIPPERHOLME. 261

Daisy (Aorr

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262 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

toy of|

Page 264

ESQ.

GESS,

JOHN BUR

Page 265

AND

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264 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

burials was that of the old respected incumbent, the last of the old type of parsons whose character may be judged in some measure by the following notes kindly forwarded to me by the Rev. C. B. Norcliffe, M.A., Langton Hall, the representative of the Norcliffes, of Norcliffe in Shibden-dale, and other county families. Years ago I printed the name of Mercy Lacey in the local papers as the last instance, so far as I could learn, of public penance at Rastrick. I had then no idea the tradition was so old as these notes shew. It ought to be said that Mr. Braithwaite lived to be highly respected in after years. Many other interesting particulars must be retained for an ecclesiastical volume, but this extract from the Archdeacon’s Visitations will give a little light on the Days of the Georges. ‘©1766. Rastrick. The Rev. George Braithwaite, Clerk, Curate, for neglecting to perform Divine Service in the said Chapel on Sundays and Holy Days, and particularly on Sunday the 15th day of June last past. For being guilty of great profaneness and immorality in Drinking to excess and being Drunk within the said Chapelry of Rastrick. For gaming and playing at Cards att public houses within the same and att other houses within the said Archdeaconry of York. For committing the crime of fornication with Mercy Lacey of Rastrick aforesaid, single woman, [and begetting on her body one male bastard child,] and in general for acting and behaving in several instances so as he ought not to have done, and for omitting to act and behave in others as was his duty to do, as a Clergyman of the Church of England, and as Curate or Minister of Rastrick aforesaid. 1769. Rastrick. Mercy Lacey for Fornication with the Rev. George Braithwaite. Performed Penance.” The Kirklees Sale, by which Commercial Street district was thrown open for building, and other plots disposed of, took place in 1816, and from that date Brighouse has gone by gradual leaps to its present population.

Page 271

AND HIPPERHOLME. 265.

Page 272

BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

TP8T

Page 273

JOHN

Page 275

AND

Page 276

BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

268

Page 277

AND HIPPERHOLME. 269

I have two coach tickets, white for outside, blue for inside: OMNIBUS FROM BRIGHOUSE TO BRADFORD.

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270 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company are widely known and appreciated. Lady Armytage is doubly interested in Brighouse for a branch of the ancient family of

Page 279

ESQ.

Page 281

- now follows in the line. We are

AND HIPPERHOLME. 271

Mr. Cardwell, was equally esteemed. Several pages would be required. to note the influence of the Asprnatis on the stone trade. John Aspinall, of Salford, Bridge End, died March 8, 1849, aged 76. his wife, Sep., 1847, aged 75. William Aspinall, Brighouse, died

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272 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

aged 70. His son Thomas commenced cotton spinning at Hightown about 1835. Soon after, he removed to Victoria Mill, Brighouse, and about 1841, he built the Phenix Mill. He also erected the Atlas and Broadholme Cotton Mills, thus affording employment for many hundreds of people. The third Thomas died April 20th, 1879, aged 70. His brother Joseph died in 1890, aged 82. They were no relatives of Mr. Mark Blackburn, of Clifton, owner of the Granny Hall estate, whose property went to Mr. Joseph Rayner, of Slead House, Town ‘Clerk of Liverpool, nor of the well-known Daniel Blackburn, who died in 1883, aged 76. Mr. Thomas

Page 284

STONELEIGH.

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AND HIPPERHOLME. 273

Barnes family, of Shelf, is an offshoot—like the Baines’ of Leeds, and the Mr. Baynes, M.P. for Leeds two centuries ago,—of an old family that settled mainly in Nidderdale and Ripon. They bore for arms, Sa..two shank bones ‘in cross, ar., that in pale surmounting the one in fesse. Crest, a bone and palm branch in saltire ppr., whilst the Baines’ of Bell Hall had for crest,-a cubit arm

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274 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Mr. Joseph Barser died March 19, 1862, aged 57. He was an attorney-at-law, of wide repute, and highly esteemed. His family alliances included most of the local gentry, but we are proudest of the attainments of some of his numerous family.

Page 287

JOHN BROOKE, SENR., ESQ.

Page 289

AND HIPPERHOLME. 275

to be content to retain the copy of the only portrait preserved of him, and to point to the Yorkshire

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276 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Mr. Henry Jocetyn

Page 291

JOHN BROOKE,

Page 293

AND HIPPERHOLME. 277

9 Eliz. Col. John Morris’s mother was a daughter of Brighouse of Newark. Col. Morris’s son became Town Clerk of Leeds. John Brighouse of Brighouse held property here in 1607, but the most flourishing local branch was that referred to in the preceding pages. Richard Brighouse, of Bolling, Esquire, has the following registers of baptisms in Bradford Church,—Tempest, Jan. 24, 1618; John, March 19, 1619, died July 8rd, 1620, aged 4 months; Richard, Aug. 12, 1621; Mary, March 23, 1622-8. There were buried at Bradford, Widow Brighouse, 9 March, 1607; Edward Brighouse, 7 Oct., 1607; Mary, his widow, 17 April, 1609, and Elizabeth Brighouse, 10 June, 1610. Henry Brighouse built Bonegate House in 1635. His son married Susan, dau. of John Gill, of Lightcliffe, in 1658, and died in 1681, and was buried at the foot of the pulpit in Elland Church. His widow left her property to Henry, son of her brother, John

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278 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

The Rev. John Carter became B.A.

Page 295

JOHN BAINES,

Page 297

AND HIPPERHOLME. 279

by Mr. Hartley, the

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280 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

would favour me with a copy. An outline pedigree appears in Yorkshire County Magazine. Joseph Fryer, an Elder, died in 1846, aged 65, his widow, Ann, in 1865, aged 79. Their son, Joseph Jowett Fryer, in 1846, aged 89. Old Rastrick folks were never tired of speaking about old Doctor Joseph Fryer. He was father of Joseph, (manufacturer), who was father of Mrs. Harvey, mentioned above, and grandfather of Mr. John Firth Fryer, B.A., York School, and of Mrs. Hanbury (née

Mr. Tuomas

Page 299

SAMUEL BAINES, €SQ.

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282 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

urbanity. His sons follow the profession; but they cannot be more beloved by a whole town than their father has been. In his public capacity as Medical Officer, Local Board Member, &c., Dr. Farrer has gained the highest esteem. The of Sowerby and Shipley had an offshoot in Lightcliffe formerly, and the

Page 304

QEN. ARGHDEAGON BARBER.

Page 305

AND HIPPERHOLME. 283

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284 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Mr. Wm.

Page 308

JOSEPH ©RAVIS GLAY, ESQ.

Page 309

AND HIPPERHOLME. 285:

George

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286 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK I

Samuel Hirst, of Huddersfield. The younger Samuel married, in 1889, his cousin Angeline, dau. of John Hirst, of Baltimore, U.S.A. Their two sons are John Abraham Hirst Hirst, Esq., J.P., &c., Retford, and Samuel Edgar Hirst, Esq., M.A. (of Cambridge), Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law, of Crow Trees. ArmoriaL Brarincs.— The Hirst family have

Page 312

©. ©. EMPSALL, ESQ.

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288 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

His wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Hodgson, of Halifax, was a most estimable lady, whose name is still fragrant in the district. He died in 1845, and was buried at Halifax, the funeral sermon being printed by request : Comrort for the Dying Christ- ian. A Sermon occasioned by the Death of John Holland, Esq. of Slead House, near Halifax, preached in Bridge End Chapel, Rastrick, on Lord’s Day, Oct. 12th, 1845; by Robert Bell. Published by request. Halifax, H. Martin; sold by G. S. Keir, Brighouse. 1845. 27 pp. Of Mr. Holland’s family, we may note that William, of New House, died in 1885, aged 79; Samuel died in 1847, John in

Mr. Joun

1864, Joseph in 1887, aged 72, all s.p., but four daughters married,

and had issue.

George Hicuam, Esq., died Feb. 20, 1860, aged 59. He resided at: Bonegate House many years.

Page 316

DR. FARRER.

Page 317

AND HIPPERHOLME. 289

local preacher, the Hansons, veterinary surgeons here and at Norwood Green for a century, and the

Page 318

290 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Two hundred years ago, the name of John

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292 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

seems that all he has put his hand to has prospered. Several tried to establish the Silk business in Brighouse since Mr. Robert Newton, but with only varying success and some failures, till Mr. Kershaw gave his attention to it, and the noble pile at Woodvale, where the town-denizens go as it were into the country to work, is a standing monument to his genius. The surrounding woods and shrubbery, the scrupulous cleanliness and punctuality, the architectural excellence under Mr. George Hepworth’s superintendence, the vastness of the concern, several blocks of the square being hid from the photographic view, all testify to months of laborious planning. It goes without saying, that the care and taste displayed in the structure implies complete sanitary arrangements, drainage, light, ventilation for the seven hundred people engaged in this busy hive. Three blocks can- not be shewn by only one photograph, and one of these is five storeys high. Every modern improvement in the art of silk spinning is here used. The establishment covers over five acres, and forty thousand spindles are in operation. This vast concern commenced so recently as 1864 in Brighouse, but the present mills were opened in 1880. Mr. Kershaw’s name has for years been identified also with Brighouse as Chairman of Local Board, &c. Our pages shew that the Lisrers have been considerable property owners, and branchés of them have resided in Hipperholme township. Their pedigree is distinctly proved to Mr. Richard Lister, of Halifax, who was living there in 1400, presumably son of Robert Lister, the litster or dyer, constable of Halifax in 1372, who seems to have been grandson of Bate the Lister, or dyer, of Halifax, about 1298. Bate, we know,-had two, sons, John and Richard, the latter an important townsman from 1329 to 1838. The Otes, Waterhouse, and Lister families have been the owners of Shibden Hall for four centuries. Miss Kettle, in her story of ‘‘The Mistress of Langdale Hall,” has added a glamour to the interest centred on this ancient timber mansion. The Miss Lister of last generation forms the central figure of the story. Our special interest in the family, for these pages, is because various old deeds at Shibden Hall record the history of Light- cliffe homesteads, and the owner, John Lister, Esq., M.A., County Councillor for Hipperholme, is a gentleman whose antiquarian labours and favours have, for a quarter of a century, been appreciated by the writer. The

Page 323

©. ©. ORMEROD, ESQ.

Page 325

AND

Page 326

294 BRIGHOUSE, RASIRICK

to us as his father was pricked or lotted for a soldier at Rastrick in 1811, and served in the 90th foot. John

Page 327

GEORGE K

IGHAM, €SQ.

Page 329

AND HIPPERHOLME. 295

The history of the Brighouse postal arrangements is the biography of the John Noble who trudged many miles daily with letters before and after penny postage was devised. John Noble died in Oct., 1869, aged 65; Joseph Noble, silk spinner, in 1878, aged 66. We must claim the Rev. Samuel Ocpren, D.D., curate of Coley, afterwards of Elland, which place he left in 1762 for Cambridge, where he died in 1778. His Sermons, with Life, were issued in two volumes, 2nd edition, 1780. The long and interesting life story of :

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296 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Churchyard in 1813, aged 20, and John in 1853, aged 77. Susan,

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298 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

and one by one his public duties and offices had to be relinquished. He passed away on the 18th of September, 1879, in the brilliant sunshine of an early autumn morning. Another axiom of Mr. Ormerod’s may be mentioned here, as in these days ‘‘ old-fashioned notions”’ are apt to be disregarded. ‘‘ Give away a tenth of everything you

Page 336

EsQ.

)

©HOMAS

Page 338

800 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

He married Ellen Mary, eldest dau. Richard D’Ewes, Esq., of Knares- borough, and has numerous issue, mostly residing in New Zealand; (e) John Benson Pritchett, Surgeon, Huddersfield, born at York, 1831, died at Huddersfield in 1884. He married Annie, third daughter of Richard D’Ewes, Esq. Numerous family. (f) Henry Pritchett, Surgeon, Rastrick, born at York in 1832, married Maria, dau. Thos. Plint, Esq., of

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802 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

productions, chiefly in line- drawing, which will be found in Yorks. County Magazine. In 1839, he married Ellen, eldest daughter of Mr. Wm. Fryer, of Rastrick. He died April 28, 1892, aged 80, and was buried in Highgate Cemetery, London. He became A.R.A. in 18538, and R.A. in 1872. SirF. Leighton, at the Academy Meeting, said ‘‘How much the calling lost in him it need not be said. How sterling and gentle a man had ceased to live in him his many friends best

Page 346

304 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

feathery inhabitants that har- boured in the hedgerows. Mr. James Sykes, of Spring Gar- dens, died in May, 1846, aged 64. Hannah, his widow, in 1855,aged 70. Their daughter, Susan, was born April 80,1819, and the Sykes family, like many more local ones, had strong musical tastes. She was taught by J. Denham and Luke Settle, followed by the training of Dan Sugden, of Halifax. At 15, she made her debit at Deighton. On June 7, 1838, she married Mr. Henry Sunderland. She soon became renowned as the Yorkshire Queen of Song. She had a rich, powerful soprano voice, with wonderful flexibility and depth of feeling. Profes- sionals and novices were cap- tivated and entranced. Her rendition of sacred song was marvellously sublime, especi-

Page 349

AND HIPPERHOLME. 805

of a committee, was presented to her. The ‘‘Mrs. Sunderland Musical

Page 350

306 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

Srr

Page 353

AND HIPPERHOLME. 807

Of his monuments at Saltaire we need not write, but Lightcliffe Congregational Church owes its existence to him as a substitute for the old Bramley Lane Chapel. Great and good men like Dr. Moffatt and Dr. Livingstone were welcome visitors to Crow Nest. His life story has often been told in magazines, and books like Balgarnie’s ‘‘Life of Sir Titus Holroyd’s

Page 354

808 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

benevolent institutions in thirty years, besides his special erections. His body was conveyed to the mausoleum at Saltaire Congregational Church, the funeral proces- sion being witnessed by 100,000 people probably. Lady Salt’s remains have recently been interred there too.

Page 358

310 BRIGHOUSE, RASTRICK

not quite completed. Notices of old tradesmen by the score, such as Messrs. Richard Wheatley, Wm. Navey, Benjn. Tiffany; and more recent commercial firms, as Messrs. Wilson, Smith, &c., Rastrick, are necessarily left over at present.

Wm. Howorth, Brighouse, (p. 284,) published ‘‘The Cry of the Poor, a

Page 361

List of

Page 362

812 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.

Crossland, C., Halifax Collyer, Rev. Dr., New York Cheetham Hospital, Manchester Crowther J., Brighouse Carter, Wm., Brighouse Chambers, W. J., Brighouse* Crossley, John, Rastrick Charlesworth, J., Wakefield Cooke, Arthur, Brighouse Caine, Rev. Cesar, F.R.G.S., London Carter, Dr., Rastrick* Clay, A. T., Rastrick * Cheetham, F. A.. Rastrick Cardwell, Mrs., Rastrick Common Cliffe, Wm., Longwood Cliffe, S., Elland Road, Brighouse Carter, J. B., Norwood Green Carter, Edwd , Birmingham Cooke; Edwd., Barnsley Crowther, William, Brighouse* Clay, J. W., J.P., F.S.A.,* Chambers, J. E. F., Alfreton* Crossley, Tom, Oldham Crossley, E. W., Dean house, Triangle Clay, John, Rastrick Cardwell, F., Brighouse Crowther, Savile; brighouse Cocksedge, John, Brighouse Chadwick, 8.J., F.S.A,, Dewsbury Crowther, Job, Brighouse

Dyson, Mrs., Bridge End* Dyson, G., Marsden, and * Dyson, A., Grays, Essex, and * Denham, T., Brighouse Denison,

Page 364

814 LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.

Norcliffe, Rev. C. B., M.A., Langton Naylor, Joseph, Brighouse Newhouse, W. H., Brighouse North, Tom, Brighouse Naylor, B., Rastrick Nettleton, H., Brighouse (2) Northend, Hon. W. D., Salem, Mass.

Oldham Free Library Oldfield, 8., Brighouse Ormerod, Theodore, Brighouse* Lord Bishop of Oxford* Ogden, J. M., Sunderland (deceased) Ormerod, Thomas, London Oliver, J., Rastrick* Ormerod, G. F., Rastrick * Ormerod, Miss, Chagford** Oldfield, Geo., Bradford Ogden, J. H., Halifax

Paul, Kegan, Trench & Co., London Pritchett, Mrs. M., Bristol Pickles, W., Norwood Green Pearson, Rev. 8., Lightcliffe Pinchin, F., Rastrick Powell, D., Brighouse Pilling, W., Brighouse Patchett, J., Bradford Poole, R., Bradford Price, C., M.A., Westward Ho! Powell, Sir F. S., Bart., M.P., Bradford Pitt Rivers, Gen., Salisbury Pearson, J. H., Brighouse Pilling, John, Brighouse* Parkinson, James, Brighouse * Pollard, W. H., Brighouse (2) Pilling, W., Rastrick Peel, F., Heckmondwike Parker, Major, Jersey Pollard, A. T., M.A., London, W.,* Pawson, A. H., Farnley, Leeds Pinder, J., Brighouse* Parker, Thos., Manchester

Robinson, F. A., Brighouse Ronksley, J. G., Sheffield Rayner, J., Manchester * Randall, J., Sheffield Rushforth, T. H., Ealing Radcliffe, F., Elland Rayner, F., Brighouse Royds, C. M., J.P., Rochdale Richardson, W. R., M.A., Shortlands Radcliffe, Sir D., Birkenhead Robinson, Frank, Rastrick Roberts, John, Brighouse Robinson, J. W., Brighouse Robinson, J. A., Brighouse

Page 365

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. $15

Sharp, W. H., Brighouse Shaw, W. M., Rastrick Sunderland, Mr., Brighouse Shaw, Henry, Rastrick Sowden, Rev. G , Hebden Bridge Sunderland, Mrs., Brighouse

Turner, John W., Brighouse Thornton, John, Rastrick* Thwaite, B. H., C. E., Brockley Taylor, Rev. R. V., B.A., Melbecks Tomlinson, G. W., F.S.A., Huddersfield Taylor, W., Lightcliffe Thornton, Wm., Brighouse Thornton, G., Rastrick Thornton, Jno. B., Brighouse Turner, H. J., Brighouse Taylor, John, Rastrick Thornton, Ben, Brighouse Thornton, Robert, Rastrick * Turner, Jonathan, Brighouse Thornton, Abm., Rastrick Thorpe-Wood, H. W., Middleton-on- Wolds Thairlwall, F. J., London Tacey, Dr., Bradford Thackray, W., Bradford Tolson, Legh, Dalton Thornton, Wm., Rastrick Thornton, Mrs., Rastrick Tinkler, Rev. John, M.A., Caunton, Newark Thornton, Ernest, Rastrick Thompson, J. B.,

Page 367

INDEX OF SURNAMES AND PLACES.

( Place-names, if spelt like recorded surnames, are in italics. The same name may occur several times on a page. The various methods of spelling are not indicated here.)

Abraham, 47, 48, 58, 84 Aberford, 278

d,Aikerode,Akroyd &e., 109, 113, 133, 173, 176, 177, 179, 180

Acton, 187, 188, 241 Ade, Adamson, 46, 47, 48, 51, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 66, 69, 72, 74, 75, 82 , 83, 91, 92, te, 58, 59, 60 65, 71, 72, 75, 79, 84, 85, 88, 90, 91, 98, 99, 100, 178

Page 368

318

166, 167, 168, 169, 173, 176, 178, 216, 218, 225, 229, 231, 232, 234, 244, 245 Barrowclough Bridge, 116 Baro, 101 Barerode, 113, 134 Barrett, 163, 253 Barnard, Bernard, 53, 60 Bartle, 157 Bartrem, 117 Barnsley, 207, 210, 303 Bateman, 59, 72, 76, 91, 92 Bateson, Bate, Bates, 49, 52, 58, 77, 81, 86, 87, 90, 93, 96, 99, 101, 102, 111, 114, 123, 127, 209, 229, 236 Bateridding, 116, 140 Batley, 9, 42, 56, 87, 138, 157, 182, 188, 232, 233, 247, 278 Batt, 57, 71, 78, 99, 100, 104, 112, 118, 119, 132, 136, 137, 143, 144, 147, 151, 173, 182, 208 Battie, 176 Baud, 65, 70, 73, 74, 75, 79 Bawdslosh, 177 Bawmforth,Bomforth, 151, 154, 188, 227, 229, 244, 247 Bayes, 289 Beaconhill, 240 Bellehouses, 57 Bedford, 262, 263, 270, 309 Beeston, 9, 301 Bentley, 39, 41, 42, 44, 52, 79, 87, 88, 95, 99, 101, 104, 105, 118, 119, 124, 125, 132, 134, 138, 139, 144, 145,

120, 121, 122, 127, 128, 129, 135, 136, 137,

146, 147, 148, 154, 159, 174, 178, 183, 187, 188, 211, 218, 220, 235, 243, 248, 253, 308 Bentleyroid, 65 Beaumont, Bellomonte, Bemond, &c., 42, 68, 88, 89, 113, 120, 148, 154, 159, 170, 171, 180, 193, 207, 209, 211, 212, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 224, 228, 231, 255, 258 Bell, 253, 288

113, 114, 116, I

141, 142, 143, I

INDEX.

Bekwith, 126 Beley, 167 Benn, Bene, 76, 85, 217 Benson, 299 Berchar, see Shepherd Bermshill, see Barnes Bertwissell, 193 Best, 144, 155, 159, 178, I 187, 211, 214, 216, 246 I Beverley, 73, 217 I Beyond-field, 56 I Bibby, 110 Bierley, 9, 169, 290, 300 Billay, see Wilby, 105 Bingley, 107, 217, 228, 234, 284 Binns, 134, 135, 136, 177, 178, 244, 259 Birkhead, Burkhead, 44,

Page 369

Bramley, 9 Bramley Lane, 307 Bramhall, 42 Braithwaite, 99, 264 Braithwell, 131 Brand, 101, 108, 110, 200 Brayningley, 134 Brayshaw, 188 Brear, 213, 215 Brearcliffe, 176, 178, 186, 187 Brearley, 158, 164, 166, 175, 187, 208, 227, 228, 247 Brerehay, 49, 52, 71, 76, 81, 98, 99, 114, 128 Breslington, 9 Bretteby, 109 Bretton, 96 Breuci, 22 Brianschole forest, Bryne- scole, 32, 78, 79, 108, 111, 118, 119, 121, 125, 127, 128, 131, 132, 134, 135, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 146, 147, 148, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 169, 170, 177, 181, 185, 202, 222 Brickhouses, 55 Bridge End, 271, 272 Brighouse, 17, 18, 29, 30,

Page 370

320

Chapman, Schapman, 51, 52, 55, 97 Cheetham, 278 Cheke, 166 Chellow, 9 Cherpleykar, 54 Cheshire, 236 Chesterfield, 181 Cheplay, see Shepley Chepedene, see Shibden Cheswell, 67 Chevet, 66 Chevin, 18 Childe, 41, 145, 147, 229 Cholmeley, 130 Chrispian, Xpian, 46, 47, 48, 58, 60 Chullur, 132 Cinderhills, I Synderhills, (Hipp.,) 134, 135, 138, 140, 144, 147, 149, 152, 153, 157, 160, 165, 169, 170, 172, 173, 177, 178, 180, 181, 182, 183, 185, 186, 187, 258 Cissor, see Taylor Clapham, 37 Clarel, 192 Clarke, see Thornhill, 197 Clarkson, 68, 181 Clay, 41, 44, 90, 92, 102, 118, 123, 134, 144, 147, 149, 151, 153, 154, 157, 211, 213, 225, 248, 278, Claybutt, 161, 173, 186, 246 Clayrode, 72 Clayton, 9, 44, 65, 127, 169, 231 Clayworth, 200 Cleckheaton, 64, 169, 212, 214, 271, 283

Page 372

822

220, 221, 223, 229, 244, 245, 247, 258. Falbank, Falroyd, 96, 98, 146, 162, 168 Faldingworth, 113. Farrer, Ferror, 44, 129, 157, 168, 170, 171, 185, 211, 212, 218, 233, 234, 235, 258, 281, 282, 291, 308, 309. Farnley Tyas, 9, 169, 201, 207. Farsley, 9 271 Fearnside, 184 Feck, 9 Fekisby, see Fixby Fenay, 229 Fennys, 173 Fenwick, 182 Fernley, 96, 121, 215 Fery, 66, 99 Fesley, 9, 30, 33 Fernside, 162 Field, 69, 83,

Page 373

Gooder Lane, 19, 196 Gooder, Goodaire, 42, 43, 44, 84, 99, 128, 137, 138, 143, 149, 153, 170, 179, 253, 257, 282 Goodgreave, 236 Granny Hall, 272, 291, 302 Grave, Grive, 186, 247 Gregg, 143 Greaves, Gryve, prepositi, 444, 69, 85, 172 Green, 42, 56, 66, 67, 82, 84, 202, 204, 233, 243, 253, 258, 259 Greenall, 41, 210 Greenfield, 218 Greenhead, 285 Greenhouseyard, 141, 227 Greenwayclough, 138, 141, 145, 152, 159, 162, 164, 173 Greenwood, 64, 69, 159, 160, 169, 175, 176, 223, 245, 258, 256, 259 Greetland, 9, 22, 30, 38, 169, 225, 233, 245 Gretewood, 54, 57 Grice, 135, 196 Griffiths, 207 Grimbald, 192 Grimescar, 22, 257 Grime, 248 Guest, 251, 282, 305 Guiseley, 221 Haddgreaves, 48, 57, 83 Hadreshelf, 66 Hagstocks, 113, 119, 177 Haigh Cross, 20, 116, 167 Haigh, 63, 81, 87, 97,111, 114 to 120, 144, 147, 149, 151, 153, 159, 162, 172, 186, 222, 228, 232, 244 Hainworth, 52 Haket, 94 Haldisworth, see Holds- worth Halifax, 30, 38, 44, 49, 51, 54, 57, 59, 62 to 70, 75,

Page 374

324

Hick, Hyk, 200, 210 High Barns, 138 High Bentley, 137 Highrode, 146, 157, 184 High Sunderland, 150,153, 158, 160, 182, 184, 186, 187, 216, 224, 225, 228, 231. See Sunderland. Hililee, Hylylegh, 65, 66, 107, 110, 118, 124, 141, 148, 159, 163, 167, 178, 186, 205, 206, 246 Hilton, Hylton, 50, 69, 75, 78, 81, 84, 85, 87, 88 Hill, Hills, 66, 67, 68, 81, 87, 93, 95,105, 109, 112, 119, 121, 124, 134, 135, 164, 174, 181, 182 Hillman, 94, 99 Hingandrode, 47, 48, 56, 58, 59, 67, 69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 81, 85 to 94, 97, 100, 106 Hilsmire, see Hills, 180 Hipperholme, nearly every page - Hipperholme family, de Hyprom, 39, 47, 49 to 65, 70 to 84, 88, 92, 97 to 100, 108, 112, 114, 135, 192 Hipperholme hirst,or wood see Brianscholes, 47 to 76, 121, 136, 139 Hipperholme School, 186 Hipperholme thorn, 192 Hipperholme thorpe, 138 Hird, 44, 72, 181, 182,188, 246 Hirst, Hurst, 43, 44, 51, 56, 68,°70, 72, 83, 84, 93, 102, 103, 106 to 129, 134, 135, 144, 145, 159, 167, 176, 211 to 214, 247, 253, 285 Hobson, 258 Hodgson, 182, 188, 228, 230, 241, 245, 257, 269, 288 Hoderode, 193, 194 Hodge, 253 Hogg, 154, 161, 167, 217, 218 Hogh, Hoo, How, 78, 81, 82, 84, 96 Hogson, 50 Holdenbroke, 115 Holeans, 55, 60, 71, 72, 75, 93, 109, 115, 145, 162

INDEX.

Holdsworth, Haldisworth, &c., 30, 40 to 43, 48, 50, 52, 54, 55, 57, 70, 71, 72, 76, 79, 80, 86,-87, 90, 93, 96, 99, 100, 104, 106 to 182, 187, 209 to 223, 228, 230 to 232, 235, 244, 247, 248 Holgate, 57, 66, 67 Hole, see Hoyle Holeway, 48, 49, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 71, 74, 75, 81, 87, 96, 97, 110, 111, 116, 121, 123, 124 Holland, 43, 109, 164, 176, 258, 259, 287, 288 Holmes, see Hawmes, 94, 102, 214, 216, 246, 247, 250, 251, 258, 259, 300 Holmfirth, Holme, Kirk- burton, 9, 38, 42, 88, 96, 113, 127, 128, 164, 176, 190, 257, 270 Holmyres, 115 Holynes, Hollings, 111, 151, 158 Holynedge, 126, 127, 139, 142 Holroyd, Hollerode, 128, 135) 214, 246, 254, 256 Holt, 254 Holtby, 220 Hopkins, 258 Hoppay, 129, 143, 214 Hopkinson, 44, 149, 169, 180, 188, 223, 232, 288, 309 Hopper, 50, 60 Hopper Take, 21 Hopton, 84, 86, 93, 95, 98, 196 Horbury, 127, 164, 170, 255, 256

Horlawgreen, 102, 118, 119, 144 Horne, 57, 71, 73 to 76, 84, 253 Horner, 132

Horseknave, 47, 69 Horsfall, 42, 71, 88, 113, 144, 154, 164, 169, 170, 176, 177, 196, 197, 210, 225, 227, 245, 253, 257 Horsforth, 176, 179 Horton, 44, 53, 55, 65, 123, 132, 149, 154, 183, 188, 192, 196, 213, 229, 231, 232, 246, 258 Horwithins, 141, 181, 182

Hourum, see Ou. Hove Edge, 23, 33, 102, 176, 181, 189, 218, 237, 239, 247, 248, 258, 259, 285, 301, 305 Hovenden, see Ov. Howley Hall, 164 Howorth (see Haworth), 247, 258, 259, 283, 284, 310 Howroyd, 44, 132, 183, 188, 196

Hoyle, Hoole, 162, 163,

165, 177,-178, 218, 223, 232 : Hoylehouse, 142, 152, 157 to 161, 164, 170, 176, 182, 183, 187, 224, 230, 231, 232, 290, 299, 300, 301 Hole, Hoole, Hoile, Hoyle, 40

Page 375

Tikley, 23, 135, 211 Illingworth, 30, 72, 81, 82, 85 to 87, 90, 103, 136, 142, 143, 169 Ingelard Turbard, 49, 62 Ingham, 246, 250 Ingram, 173, 191 Ipswich, 283 Tredale, 253 (Southowram), 39, 40, 108, 105 to 107, 111 to 113 Irwin, 191

Page 376

326

Lewes Priory, 50, 69, 70, 191, 195 Leyland, 21 Leyrode, see Learoyd Leysing, 56 Leysingcroft, 88 Lidgate, Lydgate, 102, 127, 135, 149, 161, 166, 167, 169, 170, 174, 176, 177, 179, 180 Lightcliffe, 18, 19, 23, 24, 26, 27, 30, 45, 102, 110, 116 to 127, 129, 134 to 145, 147, 149 to 162, 164, 166 to 188, 214 to 236, 241, 244, 247, 250, 251, 253, 257, 258, 269, 270, 276, 277, 282, 285, 290, 293, 299, 300, 307, 309 Lightesles, 65 Lightowlers, 248 Lightridge, 30, 61, 65, 70, 78, 79, 97, 99, 101 to 105 Ligonier, 7, 251, 252 Lillie, 229 Lincolnshire, 276 Lindlands, Lillands, 176, 270, 285 Lindley, Lynley, 9, 41, 62, 71, 118 to 121, 127, 141, 154, 167, 193, 194, 248, 255

Page 377

Milne, 101, 113, 114, 116 Milner, Molendinar de Brighouse, 40, 42, 48 to 62, 65, 67 to 84, 87, 90, 93 to 105, 109, 115, 121, 141, 153, 159, 208, 211 to 213, 216, 222, 253 Milnes, 293 Milyas, 96 Mire, 56 Mirfield, 9, 30, 58, 71, 79, 88, 91, 104, 105, 110, 129, 169, 196, 200, 221, 245, 254, 255, 277 Mitchell, Michell, 41, 42, 97, 144,

Page 378

328

102, 108, 111, 112, 115, 117 to 121, 124 to 126, 128, 129, 131, 133 139, 141 to 149, 153, 154, 159, 161, 162, 176, 179, 181, 182, 187, 188, 208, 209, 211 to 213, 215, 217, 218, 220, 230 to 232, 246, 258, 259 Otesroid, 169 - Otley, 237 Ourum, see Northourum, 46+ Outlane, 19, 22 Ovenden, 51, 55, 57, 67, 71, 72, 74 to 76, 81 to 84, 90, 92, 96, 105, 116, 119, 132, 162, 169, 183, 191, 195, 214, 219, 220 Overall, 152, 153, 160, 162, 163, 172, 173, 178, 219, 220 Over-Brear,see Upper,172, 173, 182, 229 Overflatt, 127 Overnew-wark, 157 Over-Shipden, see Shipden Overthong, 179 Ovington, 215 Oxenhope, 153 Oxford, 160, 165, 191, 234 Oxheys, 224

Palden, 212, 214 to 216 Pannell, 183 Paradise, 173 Parke, 78, 253 Parker, 74 Parkhill, 162 Parkinson, 299 Parry, 299 Parys, 106 Paslew, 227, 230 Patchett, 224 Patrick, 182 Pault, 176 Pearson, Pereson, (Peter- son), 103, 105, 114, 138, 174, 178, 179, 182, 232, 236, 253, 257, 258, 299 Pear-trees, 247 Peck, 65, 68, 104, 135, 141, 209, 213 Peebles, 241, 299, 300 Peel, 39, 229, 244 Pennygton, 160 Percy, 48, 49, 52, 54, 55, 70, 87, 90, 93, 95, 99, 100, 108, 206, 211

INDEX.

Peter-son, 49, 53, 59 to 61, 68, 71, 75, 76, 78 Peti, 54 Petlington, 244 Phillips, 188, 255, 298 Pickard, 220,.231, 234 Pickle, Pykhill, Pighill, 42, 43, 117, 119, 120, 141, 157, 160, 169, 170, 181 Pickle-bridge, 269 Pierson (hal), 205, 206 Pigot, 278 Pilkington, 129, 166, 169, 201 Pilling, 246, 259 Pinder, 48, 49, 51, 54, 57, 59, 60, 65, 69, 71, 73 to 81, 84, 86 to 88, 92, 98 to 101, 103, 105, 106, 108, 300 Pinner, 274, 275 Piper, 52, 66, 108, 110, 112 Pitchforth, 21, 253, 254, 259 Pitt, 251, 252, 299 Place, 173 Plagues, 44, 183, &c. Pokeland, 138 Pollard, 162, 169, 181, 256, 258, 299 Pontefract, 93, 180, 188, 192, 241 Popeley, 183 Popilwell, 79, 121, 122 Poyde, 59, 69 Potterton, 169 Pratt, 305 Prestman, 64 Preston, 42, 168 to 170, 177, 178, 182, 253 Priest, 49 Priesthead, 88 Priestley, 27, 40, 44, 49, 52 to 55, 58 to 60, 72, 75, 95, 96, 99, 105, 110, 111, 117, 118, 123, 125, 136, 137, 141, 144, 146, 154, 157, 159, 166, 181, 185 to 188, 200, 209, 210, 212, 228, 236, 242, 246 to 248, 293, 299 Priestley Green, 101, 111, 116, 117, 124, 131, 134, 149, 151, 153 to 155, 157 to 167, 170, 174, 178, 179, 182 to 188, 223, 225, 227, 228, 230, 236, 246, 256, 273, 300 Priestrode wood, 194

Page 379

Rastrick School, 167 Rathboune, 74 Rathmell, 77 Rawdon, 170, 179 Rawes, (Ralphs), 119 Rawlence, 228 Rawnsley (Ravenslaw), 42, 43, 99, 125, 153, 178, 179, 180, 183, 211, 227, 244 to 246 Rawson, 141, 173, 178, 183, 205, 220, 235, 245 Ray, 247 Rayner, Reyner, 44, 55, 63, 74, 85, 129, 132, 138, 149, 151, 157, 159, 162, 175, 179, 186, 198, 201, 210, 213, 214, 227, 229, 230, 244, 246, 248, 256, 272, 283, 300 Rediker, 67 Redis, 210 Redmoke, 152 Relphe, see Ralph, 244 Retford, 59, 286 Riburnden, Ripponden, 66, 129, 164, 169, 305 Richardson, see Dykson, 23, 48, 51, 52, 54 to 61, 63, 67, 72 to 75, 78, 81, 83 to 85, 95 to 97, 113, 169, 170, 171, 175, 177. 183, 187, 214, 253, 256, 290, 300 Ricroft, 151, 227 Riddlesden, 247, 259 Rideing, Ryding, 42, 67, 76, 119, 126, 127, 129, 132, 134 to 136, 143, 161, 272

Page 380

330

to 84, 94, 96, 97, 99, 111, 120, 147, 148, 157, 159 Scarbro’ 182, 281 Scargill 129, 192 Schapman, see Chapman Schepley, see Shepley Schibden, see Shipden Schippendale,Shibdendale, Chippendale, 117, 122 Schofield, Scolefield, 42, 48, 117, 118, 123 to 127, 129, 149, 158 to 162, 164, 168, 175, 177 to 179, 186, 215, 218, 221, 222, 228, 230, 232, 244, 248, 253, 259, 283 Schingildhall, 195 Sclater, Sklater, see Slater Scolaybrig, 106, 115 Scolecotes, Sculcotes, 50, 51,

Page 381

Spen, 182, 283 Spenser, 51 Spillewood, 48, 54, 67, 72, 82, 90 Spink, 245 Spouthouse, 251 Sprent, 87, 208 Staincliffe, 237 Stainland, 9, 30, 38, 44, 48, 54, 55, 63, 65, 69 to 71, 78, 81 to 84, 86, 87, 93, 95, 97, 99, 101, 104, 108 to 113, 116, 117, 125, 137, 157, 159, 169, 179, 183, 189 Stainton, 200 Stake, 253 Stancliffe, 40, 50, 55 to 59, 65, 76, 77, 79, 83, 84, 86 to 88, 91, 93 to 95, 100, 102, 104, 111, 113, 115, 116, 118 to 129, 131, 135, 137, 143, 144, 151, 153, 157, 159, 161, 172, 177, 210, 216, 230, 258 Standeven, 223 Standroid, 149 Standwell, 57 Stanhope, 135, 176, 181, 247, 248 Stanley, 169, 186 Stansfeld, 9, 40, 68, 88, 96, 108, 111, 117 to 120, 129, 132, 167, 194, 200, 206, 214, 227 Stanyden, 66 Staunton, see Saynton, 99 Starkey, 182 Stead, Stede, 48, 165, 258 Stel, Steel, Stighel, 56, 74, 85, 108, 113 Stephenson, 42, 61, 65, 69, 96, 97, 105, 140, 167, 169, 194, 228 Steton, 44 Steven, 75, 77, 79, 92 Stirk, 58 Stockill, 253 Stocks, 41, 49, 51, 54, 55, 81 to 84, 86, 95, 98 to 101, 103, 104, 112, 117 to 119, 136, 138, 154, 178, 185, 223, 244, 246, 258, 258, 259, 279, 301, 302 Stodeley, 66, 67, 202 Stonehope, 161 Stoneleigh, 272

INDEX.

Stones, 83, 96, 154, 158, 162, 174, 178 Stonlee, 99 Stonpotter, 78 Stott, 253, 305 Strang, Strengfellow, 48, 85, 92, 93, 99, 107, 108, 116, 121, 125 Strangstigh, 108, 119, 129, 144, 147 Street, 179 Strenger, 120, 195 Strey, 212 Stryndes, 59, 87, 146 Studley, see Stodeley Sturdy, 247 Stysrode, 118 Sucksmith, 246, 247 Sugden, Shngden, 43, 103, 133,179, 186 to 188, 247, 304, 305 Sunderland, see High Sunderland, 42, 50, 51, 54 to 58, 60, 62 to 67, 69, 71, 72, 74 to 76, 79, 81, 87, 88, 90, 97, 101, 102, 104, 107, 110, 111,

Page 382

332

Thorp, 9, 39, 40 to 44, 54, 64, 65, 68 to 75, 79, 80, 84, 86, 87, 90 to 92, 102, 105, 108, 111 to 113, 118 to 132, 135, 136, 141, 142, 146, 147, 149, 151, 153, 160, 161, 166, 169, 172, 175, 177, 179, 180, 182 to 184, 186, 188, 217, 218, 220, 223 to 225, 229 to 231, 244 to 248, 309 Thorp-arch, 293, 299 Thorp Hall, 152 Thurcroft, 124 Thurgoland, 119, 121, 123 Thwaites, 308 Tickhill, Tykhill, 136, 213 Tiffany, 253, 310 Till-carr, 247, 258, 301 Tillotson, 145, 168, 179, 225, 232 Tilly, 40, 58, 72, 80, 83, 94, 102, 105, 107, 110, 112 to 114 Tillyholmes, 112, 116, 120, 128, 127, 129, 135, 141, 143, 146, 162 Tilson, Tylson, 166,179,225 Tingel, Tyngel, 59, 70, 73, 74, 76 to 79, 87, 94, 104, 112, 113, 117 Tinglaw, Thinglaw, Ting- ley, 29, 53 Tinker, 50, 51 Todd, 43 Todmorden, 201 Toft, 120 Toller, Towler, Tolour, 50, 60, 105 Tolleson, Tolson, Towlson, 42, 43, 146, 170, 288 Tomwyfe, see Thompson Tong, 9, 169, 235 Tontoft, 105 Toothill, 20, 119, 121, 139, 145, 148, 154, 159, 160, 164, 170, 176, 177, 179, 193 to 195, 256, 279 Toothill, 40 to 42, 46 to 48, 50 to 69, 71, 74 to 86, 92, 100, 104, 106, 110 to 112, 116, 119, 120, 127, 192 to 196 T opcliffe, 200 T opgreve,

Page 383

Whalley, Walley, 78, 87, 88, 93, 94, 97, 100, 258 Wharlers, Warlers, 121, 153, 163, 183, 186 to 188, 247 Wharmby, see Quarmby Wheatley, 132, 305, 310 Wheelwright, 56 Whitacres, 68, 70, 71, 81 to 84, 86, 97, 214, 247 Whitby, 201 White, 151, 172, 229 Whitehead, 86 Whitfield, 259 Whithill, Withill, Whittell, 47, 48, 51, 62, 63, 65, 80, 85, 88, 90 to 93, 99, 106, 110, 111, 234 Whitkirk, 152 Whitlee, 97, 106 Whitley, Witlay, 41 to 44, 62, 123 to 126, 138, 144, 145, 147, 149, 151 to 154, 157, 159, 160, 162, 164, 165, 169, 170, 172,

Page 384

WoRES BY

Horsfall Gurner,


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