Biographia Halifaxiensis: Halifax Families and Worthies (1883) by J. Horsfall Turner

The following is the OCR text of a book and will likely contain conversion errors. This page is designed to be indexed by search engines. Click on a page number to view the book in your web browser.

The text is believed to be in the Public Domain.

Page 5



Page 7

I Johu Waterhows 7

Page 8

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2008 with funding from Microsoft Corporation

Page 9


Page 10


Page 17


Page 21



Page 22


Manoriat Survey, 1314 Letcester’s Lanps Census, 1768, &c., Alphabetically

Page 23


Page 24


Fifth,—_ JOHN. EXLEY. In the center, a crown over a cross patée. Rev. IN HALLIFAX. 1667. In the center, HIS HALFE PENNY. Sixth—_ JOHN. PARKER. 1667. In the center, on a shield, the Drapers arms. These two also belong to Mr. Bartlet. OLEAROID. In the center, A PENNY. Rev. OF. HALLIFAX. 1670. In the center, a Dolphin. Kighth,—HVGH. RAMSDEN IN. In the center, a full blown rose, seeded. Rev. STAINLAND. 1670. In the center, HIS PENNY.—These two last from copies in the hands of John Wilson, Esq; of Broomhead, in Yorkshire. Ninth,—_JOHN RHODES. In the center, a lion rampant.

Rev. IN. HALLIFAX. In the center, This, by its

size, must have gone for a farthing. The lion rampart was probably part of a coat of arms, for Guillim, in his Heraldry, page 864. edit. 1724. says, ‘‘that Rodes of New Halifax, as he calls it, bore Argent on across engrailed between four lions rampant, gules five besants.”’

Page 25


and kept gradually increasing till 1672, when they were cried down by proclamation. [A few of the above (1, 3, 11,) are engraved by way of specimen in the Miscellaneous Plate. Watson. I The town of Halifax has the honour to give title to the noble family of MONTAGU, of Horton, in the county of Northampton.—The first person on whom the dignity was conferred, was Charles Montagu, who, on the 4th of December, 1700, was made baron Halifax, in the county of York, with limitation of that honour to George Montagu, esq; eldest son and heir of Edward Montagu, esq; his eldest brother, and the heirs male of his body; the reasons for this royal act of favour are copied from the preamble to the patent in Collins’s Peerage, Vol.

Page 26


advanced to the title of marquis of Halifax, which continued till August 31, 1700, when, at the death of William, son of the above George, without issue male, the title became extinct.

Page 27


place, to the best profit he can, and to put it into feoffees estate, himself being one, the profits whereof to be collected to the use of the abovesaid Minister of Ripponden. And in commemoration whereof, or for which gratuity of augment- ation, the said minister or ministers, shall preach one Sermon yearly, upon the first day of May, if it be not of the Lord’s day, and if so, then in the week following, at the Minister’s choice of the day. And if there fall out any time of vacancy that there be no preaching Minister of the Gospel at the place aforesaid, my will and mind is, that at the time or times of such vacancy, the profits of the same lands shall go and be paid to the most needful poor people of the township of Barkisland, especially to such as are laborious, and endeavour to keep themselves from being chargeable to the said town. And also I have given into the hands of my uncle, Joshua Horton, the sum of fifty pounds, by him to be bestowed on lands as aforesaid, at his best discretion; the profits of which lands shall be vested by feoffees as aforesaid, and yearly paid to the most needful poor of the township of Barkisland, from time to time to succeeding ages for ever, especially to such as labour to keep themselves from being chargeable to the said town.” In consequence of the above donation, the said Joshua Horton, of Sowerby, Esq; Thomas Horton, of Barkisland ; Richard Firth, of the Height, in Barkisland; and John Ramsden, of Bowers, in Barkisland, as trustees, purchased an estate in Gleadcliff, in Northouram, of one Nathan Hoile, of Halifax, for the sum of the original purchase Deed of which is at the seat of Sir Watts Horton, at Chaderton, in Lancashire, with other papers, &c. respecting the title. The present rent is 8/. 10s. per annum, of which 6/. yearly is paid to the Minister of Ripponden, and the rest to the poor of Barkisland. There has not, that we* know of, been any conveyance of this trust since the above purchase. Where the original Will is to be met with we* cannot tell, are no wills in the office at York from 1652 to 1660. * TI. [Watson.]

Page 28




Page 29


or tenement, one whereof lay on the east part of the said messuage, and the other two on the west and south parts of a barn belonging to the said messuage; also three other closes of land, called by the said name of Brookhouses, described in the said indenture, by the lands on which they abutted. In 1768, the heirs of the above named Executors agreed to have a new trust deed executed, and the Trustees therein appointed were William Horton, of Chaderton, Esq; (after- wards Sir William Bart.) Joshua Horton, of Howroyd, John Lloyd, (then) of Holme, Richard Beaumont, of Whitley, and Thomas Patten, of Bank, near Warrington, Esqrs. The School has lately been repaired, the estate surveyed, and the yearly rent fixed at sixteen pounds per annum.



Page 31


mentioned, that is to say, one moiety, or half part of such yearly interest as aforesaid, and of the said yearly rents, issues, and profits of the said annuity, or purchase, unto the Curate of Ripponden for the time being, to be paid on every twenty-fourth day of June, for ever, to him, to preach a Sermon in Ripponden Chapel, on every the said twenty- fourth day of June for ever. And the other moiety, or half part of the said interests, and of the said rents, issues, and profits, to be yearly, on every Easter Monday for ever, paid and distributed unto and amongst the poor people of Barkis- land, at the discretion of my said Executors, and the owners of Howroyd aforesaid, or the major part of them.—And in default or want of preaching such Sermon as aforesaid, that then, and so often as such default shall happen to be made, I order that such interest, or rents and profits, as should have been paid unto the said Curate of Ripponden, to preach such Sermon or Sermons, shall be paid and distributed unto and amongst the poor people of Barkisland aforesaid, as aforesaid. A quit-rent of three pounds per annum was purchased with the above money, out of a farm in Blackwood, within Sowerby, called Jackson Ings, and it is regularly paid as directed, the land tax being first deducted by the owner of the farm. Mrs. Mary Horton, of Howroyd, widow of the above William, did, by an indenture, executed Sept. 27, 1749, make an addition of thirty shillings yearly, for preaching the above Sermon, but not living twelve calendar months after the date thereof, as the last Mortmain Act requires, the money is not paid.

Page 32



giving to Joseph Riley, of Kirkecliffe, in Soyland, his brother, and to his heirs, a tenement situate on the common, or waste, called High-Moor, in the township of , in trust, to pay out of the rents thereof, yearly, the sum of five pounds, to the several persons and uses therein mentioned; the last benefaction in the Will runs thus:—‘‘Item, I will that one pound, part of the residue of the said five pounds, payabie out of the said yearly rents and profits, be paid by the said Joseph Riley, and his heirs, upon the second day of February yearly, and every year, for ever, to the Overseer or Overseers of the poor for the township of Barkisland, in the said county of York, for the time being, and to their successors, Overseers of the poor of the same township, for the use of, and to be distri- buted to seven poor widowers, or widows, and for want of such, to the most necessitous persons of the said town of Barkisland, at the discretion of the aforesaid master or owner of Kirkcliffe, and of the said Overseers, and one or more of the chief inhabitants of Barkisland aforesaid, which said several yearly payments of one pound, (alluding. to other payments named in the Will, besides this to Barkis- land,) to be made by the said Joseph Riley and his heirs, as abovesaid, I will that the same be respectively made and paid at the times above-mentioned, the time and space of full three months intervening betwixt the times that the said yearly rents and profits of the abovesaid tenement or dwelling house shall become due and payable to the said Joseph Riley, and his heirs, and the respective times of payment of the several and respective sums of one pound above-mentioned.”’

Page 33



Page 34


of the second part; wherein, for the sum of

Page 35


Page 36


thirty shillings aforesaid, unto the said Thomas Horton, his heirs and assigns, to the use and behoof of him the said Thomas Horton, his heirs and assigns, for ever; In trust, nevertheless, that he, the said Tho. Horton, his heirs and assigns, and the owners of the capital messuage of her the said Mary Horton, at Howroyd aforesaid, shall yearly, for ever, pay, distribute, and dispose of the said annuity, or clear yearly rent of thirty shillings, on every Easter Monday, for ever, unto and amongst such of the poor people of Barkis- land aforesaid, as the said Thomas Horton, and his heirs, and the owners of Howroyd aforesaid, for the time being, shall judge do best deserve the same, in such proportions as they shall think fit.”” [The rest of the Deed gives power to

Page 37


situate in Barkisland, and now in the tenure of Timothy Turner, and the lands thereto belonging, by two equal portions, at Michaelmas and Lady-day in every year, and to be by the Overseer or Overseers for the time being, of the poor of Barkisland aforesaid, with the advice and assistance of six of the chief inhabitants thereof, distributed, from time to time, within the space of ten days next after Michaelmas-day and Lady-day, yearly for ever, amongst such of the poor inhabitants, for the time being, of Barkis- land, as shall belong to, and not have public relief of or from that town. And it is also my earnest desire, that the same rent charge may be settled firmly according to law, so as not to be defeated by any of the Mortmain Laws, or otherwise, however, save by the death of the Granter or Grantees within twelve calendar months next after such grant or settlement made, and so as the same may be well recovered by the said Overseers for the afore mentioned use and pur- pose, from time to time, as the same shall become due, for ever, by distress and sale of goods in like manner as afore- said. The messuage from whence the above rent charge arises is called Steel-lane. The premises have not yet been settled in trust, or otherwise, but the money is regularly distributed every year, by order of the owner of Barkisland-hall. The original Will is at Bold, in Lancashire, from whence the above was copied. RICHARD FIRTH, of Ripponden, gave (but whether by Will or Deed is uncertain) two messuages, or cottages, with appurtenances, at Ripponden, for which the Minister of the - Chapel there was to preach five Sermons upon the first

Page 38





Dated April 12, 1638.

Page 39


whereon it became payable, being lawfully demanded. The above was copied from the Register-book at Eland.



OF ELAND, Dated June

Page 40


with one house and appurtenances, and one house or house- stead and backside with appurtenances, and part of the smithy, and two houses, and one chamber, and one shop,

with appurtenances, unto the said Gilbert Savile, Abraham

Page 41


shall think fit, the said Minister officiating and doing service for the same in the parochial Chapel of Eland

Page 42



I give and bequeath to the poor of Eland and Fikesby, to be paid on Christmas day yearly for ever, as followeth, to twenty poor men one shilling a piece; and to twenty poor women one shilling a-piece, and to twelve boys one shilling a piece; and to secure the payment of this money, my will and mind is, that fifty-two pounds be put into such hands as my sister Thornhill shall think meet, that the interest there- of may yearly pay the same.” It is also said that Mrs. Grantham gave ten shillings

yearly to the poor of Eland, and the same sum to the poor of Rastrick and Fixby.


Citizen and Haberdasher of London, did by indenture, executed Oct. 4, 1712, convey to. Trustees, a messuage or tenement, with a barn, an orchard, a yard, and a croft, con- taining one acre, in or near a street in Eland, called the Westgate, and also four selions of land in a field at Eland, called Longmanslands, or Lowmost-town-field, one land being in number the thirteenth, another the thirty-fifth, another the thirty-fourth, and another the forty-fifth; and also four lands in the middle or Stainland-steel-field, one land lying in the lower shutt there from the footway, in number the thirty-third land, and two lands lying in the upper shutt from the marshes, in number the sixteenth and seventeenth lands, and from the footway to Stainland the I sixty-second land; and also four lands lying in the High- town-field; one land lying from the Lidgate, in number the eleventh land, ranging clear through the field, and commonly accounted for two lands; and two other lands, lying from Oyl Mabb-top, in number the fifteenth and sixteenth land. Also six messuages or tenements at the west end of the town of Eland, in a street or place there called the Town- end. Also a messuage or tenement called the Little Upper Harper Royd, in the township of Norland, containing by estimation ten days work :

Page 43


In trust, that the said Trustees, and such other person or persons on whom the said trust from time to time should devolve, and the survivors and survivor of them, and the heirs and assigns of such survivor, should permit a certain messuage or tenement in Haland, (mentioned in the above indenture to have been late in the occupation of one Law- rence Manknowles, School-master, and intended by the said Joseph Brooksbank to be settled as for a free school, for the educating and teaching forty poor children, boys and girls, belonging to the town of Ealand,) to be from time to time, for ever hereafter, used and enjoyed as and for the school- house of the said free-school. And should yearly out of the clear rents and profits of the above granted messuages, lands, and premises (after the necessary charges in repairing and supporting the same should be from time to time deducted) pay, or cause to be paid, by equal quarterly payments, unto a School-master, for teaching

Page 44


or the major part of them; and that upon every vacancy of the School-master’s place, or office, by death or otherwise, another School-master should by them be elected, within three calendar months next after such vacancy. Also, that the said Trustees, or the major part of them, for the time being, should have the sole power, of nominating and elect- ing the said forty poor children, to be taught to read as aforesaid, and of removing or displacing the same, or any of them, from time to time, and of putting others in the room of those who die, or are dismissed, or go away from the said School. And also, that in case the said School- master should be negligent or careless in the discharge of his duty, or otherwise misbehave himself in his said office, it should be lawful for the said Trustees, or the major part of them, for the time being, from time to time to remove and displace such School-master, and to elect and place another in his room. The said School-master also, for the time being, was not at any time to receive or take any fee or reward from the parents, relations, or friends of all, or any of the said poor children, for or in respect of their being taught to read as aforesaid, (the wages, or salary thereby allowed him only excepted,) under the pain of forfeiting and losing his place or office of School-master. When the Trustees were reduced to two, or under, the survivor or survivors, were to convey to others; and if at any time the Trustees for the time being, or any of them, should not be suffered to perform the trusts in them reposed, or the said Nchool-master should in any wise be obstructed in the performance of his office, then, and in either of the said cases, the said Trustees for the time being might, and they were directed and enjoined, to reconvey and assure the above messuages, lands, and premises to the use of the said Joseph Brooksbank,

Page 45



WILL OF Mrs. FRANCES THORNHILL, Dated the last Day of July, 1718.

Page 46


a Master and Dame as aforesaid, for the good teaching and looking after these ten poor girls, so that they may have all necessaries provided for them, and that the said Master may read unto them the prayers of the Church of England, every night after the girls give over work. also I devise two hundred pounds more, part of the said nine hundred pounds, to rest in the heir or owner of Fickisby land for the time being, for ever, to the end that the Minister of Eland, for the time being, may receive the interest thereof, as an augmentation for his better subsist-

Page 47




Page 48


to my said Trustees shall seem requisite, to the purchase of one house or building, or of a plot or parcel of ground, situate in Eland aforesaid, and near to the church there, such tenements so to be purchased to be of the nature of freehold, and the estate therein to be purchased to be an absolute fee-simple in possession. And if an house or building, which I would rather have to be purchased if it conveniently may be, cannot be purchased in convenient time, then that my said Trustees, having pur- chased such plot of ground as aforesaid, shall apply the residue of the said money, remaining after payments of the consideration of such purchase, to the erecting an house or buildings thereon, convenient for the purpose herein after mentioned. And I will, that such building, so purchased or erected as aforesaid, all which I would have done within the space of one year next after my decease, shall at all times thence- forth be made use of as a school-house for the teaching of poor boys of the township of Eland with Greetland, the children of such parents lawfully settled there, who in the judgment of my said Trustees shall not be of ability to pay for teaching of their children. And to that intent I will that my said Trustees, devisees of my said tenements in the occupation of William Jennings and Thomas Laycock, shall, immediately after the purchase or erecting of the said school-house, elect a grave man of good life and conversation, a true member of the Church of England as by law established, a good Grammar Scholar, and an expert Writer, and Arithmetician, and shall appoint the person so elected to be master of the said school; and at all times thenceforth, so long as he shall continue Master of the said school, shall pay to him, out of the rents and profits of the said devised tenements, yearly and every year, the sum of twenty pounds, of lawful British money, without any deduction thereout, on any account whatsoever, at two usual Feasts in the year, that is to say, the Feasts of the Annun- ciation of the Blessed Virgin, and St. Michael the Archangel, by equal portions, the first payment to be at such of the said Feasts as shall first happen next after his being insti- tuted Master as aforesaid. And I will, that, upon the death or removal of the said Master, or his ceasing to be Master of the said school, the

Page 49


Trustees of the said school-house and devised tenements last mentioned, for the time being, assemble at the said school- house, or the greater number of them who shall there assemble, on public notice of the vacancy of such school, or place of Master, to be given in the church or church-yard, on a Sunday, immediately after the Morning Service is ended, and within fourteen days after such vacancy, of the time of meeting at such school-house, for a choice of a new Master, which time of meeting shall not be within less than fourteen days after such notice, shall and may elect and appoint another fit person, so qualified as aforesaid, to be Master of the said school, and so from time to time, and as often as the place of Master of the said school shall be vacant, a new Master so qualified as aforesaid, shall and may be elected and appointed, in the manner, and by the Trustees of the said tenements, for the time being, as is herein before directed touching the election and appointing of a Master, upon the first vacancy of the school or place of Master. And that my said Trustees and Devisees, and their heirs and assigns, shall, out of the rents and profits of the said to them devised tenements, as aforesaid, pay to the Master of the school, for the time being, such annuity or salary of twenty pounds, as is herein before directed to be paid to the first Master of the said School, and at the same days herein before provided for payment thereof. And if any Master of the said school shall die, remove, or be displaced by my said Trustees, as is herein after provided, then I will, that my said Devisees and Trustees, their heirs and assigns, shall and may apportion the salary to become payable at such of the said Feasts as shall happen next after such vacancy of the said school or place of Master, between or amongst the said Master so removing, or being displaced, or the Executors or Administrators of such Master by whose death the school shall become vacant, and the person or persons by whom the office or place of Master of the said school shall be supplied, till the appointment of a new Master by my said Trustees as aforesaid, and such succeed-

Page 50


church of Eland, for the time being, that immediately upon the vacancy of the said school, or place of Master, so often as such vacancy shall happen, the said Minister shall provide a fit person to teach and instruct the poor children therein, until a Master shall be appointed by my said Trustees and Devisees to supply the vacancy of the said school, or place of Master. And I will, that the person so provided by the said Minister shall have a share, or part of the said pounds yearly salary, proportioned to the time he shall so serve the said school. And my will and mind also is, that my said Devisees, their heirs and assigns, of the said tenements in the possession of the said Thomas Laycock and William Jennings as aforesaid, or the major number of them, at all times after erecting of the said school-house, and electing and appointing a Master thereof, shall and may, at their will and pleasure, to be expressed in writing, signed by them, or the major number of them, and to be notified to the Master of the said school for the time being, remove or displace not only such first appointed Master, but any other person or persons who thereafter shall be appointed Master or Masters, or to serve as Master or Masters, either by my said Trustees for the time being, or by the Minister of the said church of Eland, and in manner herein before directed for the appointment of a new Master upon a vacancy, elect and appoint another fit person to supply the place of Master of the said school, in the place and stead of the Master so by my Trustees amoved or displaced. And my will and mind is, that the Master of the said school, for the time being, shall, on every day of the week throughout the whole year, (not being the

Page 51


legible hand or character, and to understand common arith- metic, so as the said children may be thereby better qualified to gain a livelihood than the children of such poor parents usually are.

Page 52


Page 53


Page 54


them, shall have power and authority, at their will and pleasure, to turn out, and remove from the said school, and from all benefit and advantage thereof, any poor boy there admitted to be taught and instructed, on complaint to them made of the misbehaviour of such poor boy. And my will and mind further is, that the Master and scholars of the said school shall at all times conform them- selves to such rules and orders as the Trustees of the said school-house and premises shall institute and appoint, so as the same rules ana orders be not repugnant to what I have here directed. Provided further, and my will is, that it shall be lawful to and for all and every the Trustees of the said tenements herein before devised to be sold, and Trustees of the said school-house, farms, and annuities, for the time being, to deduct and retain to themselves by and out of the rents and profits of the said tenements devised to be, sold, and farms, or either of them, and by and out of the said annuities, or either of them, so to my said Trustees respectively devised, all such sum or sums of money, damages, costs and charges, as they shall or may respectively reasonably expend, sustain, bear, or be put unto in or about the executing of the trusts hereby in them reposed, or any of such trusts or in defence thereof, or of the titles of the said to them respectively de- vised premises, or any part thereof, and that such Trustees shall not be answerable one for another, or one for the acts, receipts, deeds, or defaults of the other, but every of them severaliy for his proper acts, receipts, deeds, or defaults only, and none of them for more money than they shall respectively actually receive.


Of Hackney, in the county of Middlesex, Esq; did, by Indenture, executed June 5, 1756, convey to the Rey. Joseph Brooksbank, of London, Joseph Hulme, of Halifax, M.D. the Rev. John Smith, of Bradford, John Gream, of Heath, near Halifax, Gent. Richard Taylor, of Norland, Clothier, and the Rev. Joshua Dodson, of Cockey Moor, near Bolton, in Lancashire, all that messuage, or tenement, and one cottage, called by the name of Cinder-hills, in the township of Southouram, and also eight closes of land to the same

Page 55


belonging, known by the names of the Upper Ing, the Lower Ing, the Long Field, two Coal-pit Brows, the Little Steass Mires, the Sough Mires, and the Small Long Close, in trust that they, and such other person and persons on whom the trust therein mentioned should, from time to time, devolve, and the survivors and survivor of them, and the heirs and assigns of such survivor, shall yearly out of the clear rents and profits of the above granted messuage and cottage, and lands, (after the necessary charges of re- pairing and supporting the said messuage and cottage, and of the execution of the trusts thereby created were, from time to time, deducted), in the first place pay, or cause to be paid, by two equal half yearly payments, as the said rents shall come in and be received, the clear yearly sum of ten pounds of lawful money of Great Britain, without deduction of or for any manner of taxes, to the Minister, for the time being, of the Congregation of Protestant Dissenters meeting or assembling for the worship of God, in the present Meeting-house made use of for that purpose at

Page 56


Page 57


As for the Terriers, they seem to have been made on the supposition that the money was fixed upon those lands, because paid by the owners of them; but there ought to be a better assurance than this.

Page 58


By an inquisition taken at Guisley, April 10, 1667, it was found, that at the court of John Waterhouse, late of Shibden, Gentleman, deceased, and Robert Waterhouse, son and heir of the said John Waterhouse, holden of the Manor of Hali- fax, October 12, in the 4th and 5th year of the reign of Philip and Mary, that Brian Bates, of Wakefield, and Eliz- abeth his wife, surrendered intw the hands of the Lord, the reversion, after the decease of the said Elizabeth, of one messuage, four closes of land, and a yearly rent of twelve shillings, issuing out of certain lands in Halifax, to the use of Thomas Lister, William Lister, and James Lister, and their heirs for ever; and that after the decease of the said Brian and Elizabeth, the said Thomas Lister, William Lister, and James Lister, did surrender into the hands of the Lord of the said Manor, one annuity, or yearly rent of twenty shillings, issuing out of the said messuage and four closes of land, unto certain other Trustees, to the use of the poor people within the town of Halifax, yearly, to be dis- tributed for ever upon Good Friday, by the discretion of the Lord of the said Town of Halifax, and his heirs, and of the Churchwardens of the church there, with liberty to the said Lord and Churchwardens to make distress upon the pre- misses, in case of non-payment of the said yearly rent. And it was farther found, by the said inquisition, that the said messuage and closes of land, after the death of the said Elizabeth Bates, came to the possession of Elizabeth Blyth- man, of the city of York, widow, who had received the whole rents and profits thereof for several years, and converted the same to her own use, without paying the said sum of twenty shillings yearly to the poor of Halifax, as directed; where- upon the Commissioners, after a due hearing, did decree, that the said Elizabeth Blythman should, within twenty days after notice of the said decree, pay to the Church- wardens and Overseers of the Town of Halifax, for the time being, and others named in the said decree, the sum of thirty-three pounds, being the arrears then due; and that the said Elizabeth Blythman, and the heirs, owners, and occupiers of the said messuage and closes, chargeable with the said charitable use, should for ever after yearly pay the said twenty shillings, according to the direction of the Don- or. And tothe end the said charity might the better be secured and kept up, Samuel Mitchel, John Brearciiffe,

Page 59


Joshua Dunn, Samuel Greenwood, Thomas Rigg, Joseph Fourness, and Thomas Hinde, were by the said Commission- ers appointed Trustees thereof, with power, in case of death, to the survivors, to make new election. To which decree the said Elizabeth Blythman and Jasper Blythman, Esq. did exhibit their exceptions in the Court of Chancery, Noy. 28, 1667, to which an Answer was filed, on behalf of the poor of Halifax, Nov. 28, 1668; and Nov. 27, 1669, the cause being heard before the Right Honourable Sir Orlando Bridgman, Lord keeper of the Great Seal of England, the exceptions were over-ruled, and the Decree of the Commissioners confirmed by a Decree of that Court, the Exceptants to pay the Respondent costs of suit. The above messuage and lands are said in Brearcliffe’s Manuscript, to go by the name of Yeathouse, and to lie at Blackledge Steel; they are also called by the same name in the Register-book at Halifax. This charity both Mr. Brearcliffe and Mr. Wright have attributed to one widow Pymond, who was no other than Elizabeth Bates above-named.—She married to her first husband Richard Pymond, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of London, who lived in Wakefield, and left by his Will, dated May 20, 1547, many legacies, but none to Halifax.* In the above manuscript of Mr. Brearcliffe, are the in- formations of two evidences, to prove that the sum payable out of Yeathouse, to the poor of Halifax, was forty shillings yearly ; aud one of them, the wife of one Robert Dean, of Priestley, said she had gone with her sister-in-law, Mrs. Blythman, who was buried at Eland, March 7, 1633, to help her to distribute the same. This is a difficulty not easily to be solved; it is, however, we think, safer to follow the words of the above Inquisition, and particularly the surrender therein quoted, which makes it only twenty shillings. The premises belong, at present, to Sir Watts Horton, of Chaderton, Baronet, who pays the money as directed. The original Decree relating to the above, was in the hands of the late Mr. Valentine Stead, of Nottingham, who permitted us to take a copy of it, and whose sudden death deprived us of the benefit of many valuable papers, relating to the charities in this parish.

* Nov 7, 1547, she married Brian Bates, and was buried Jan. 20, 1552.

Page 60



Of Halifax, gave to the poor of that town, six shillings and éight-pence, yearly for ever, to be paid out of his house near Loveledge-lane, in Halifax, as appears from the copy of a court-roll, in the time of Robert Waterhouse, Esq. dated April 15, 1597. In Mr. Brearcliffe’s Manuscript, from whence this account is taken; it is said, that Richard Clarke gave this house to one Robert Cunliffe, who either sold or mortgaged it to Humphry Drake, and that in 1651 it was in the hands of John Drake, Minister, son of Humphry, who paid the six shillings and eight-pence yearly, since which we have seen no account of it. This John Drake was Sub-dean of Rippon, Prebendary of York, and Rector of Dunnington.


Knight, Alderman of London, (who was Sheriff there in 1588, and Lord Mayor in 1597,) left by will, about the year

Page 61


year, to be disposed of by the Magistrates and Officers of Halifax, which money was for a time lent accordingly. In 1608, it was lent by Symon Binns and Thomas Taylor, Constables, to one Allan Pennington ; and Jane Crowther, the Benefactress, gave her word

Page 62


poor of the said town of Halifax, by and at the discretion of six honest and sufficient persons of the said town of Halifax, whereof I will that the said Vicar there, and the Church- wardens of the said town for the time being, shall be

Page 63


following the date of this indenture; and after the expiration of the said term of eleven years, the yearly sum of ten pounds during the residue of the said term of one hundred years in the indenture to the said John Smithson mentioned, which indenture was dated August 81, 2 Cha. I. This latter sum of ten pounds yearly was made payable out of two messuages and two water-cornmills in Siddal, South- ouram, and Skircoat, or some of them, and out of all houses, buildings, lands and tenements to the same belonging, to be paid to the said Henry Ramsden, &c. their heirs and assigns, in the south porch of the Church of Halifax, at the Feasts of St. Michael, and the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, by equal portions, the first payment thereof to begin at the Feast of St. Michael, which shall be next after the determin- ation of the said term of one hundred years, with power of distress in case of non-payment after twenty days, and a forfeit of ten shillings for every such default. At an inquisition taken at Halifax, February 16, 1651, it was found, that the above yearly rent of twenty pounds was paid for eight years and a half next after the date of the above indenture; after which it was received and with-held by one Anthony Foxcroft, so that there remained in arrear, at the time of taking the said inquisition, the sum of one hundred and twenty-five pounds; the Commissioners, there- fore, decreed, that the said Anthony Foxcroft should pay the said sum of one hundred and twenty-five pounds to

Page 64


and Michaeimas, to be distributed according to the will of Brian Crowther, with a clause of distress in case of non- payment for twenty days. This annuity is the same which Mr. Wright, page 131, says he could procure no particular account of. September 17, 1698; seven Trustees were added to the above, but how, or by what authority, is uncertain.* Under an account of the above charity were formerly the

following lines, on a tablet hanging at the quire in Halifax Church :

Page 65


memory be

Page 66


profits of my said lands and tenements, according to the true meaning of this my last Will and Testament, as they will answer me at the dreadful Day of Judgment. And, nevertheless, my will and meaning is, that the said feoffees, and their heirs, shall, from time to time, have to them allowed out of the said rents, issues, and profits, all costs and charges by them to be paid or disbursed, in or about the repairing of the houses and buildings of the prem- ises, or in the defence of the title of the aforesaid lands, tenements, and premises, and also all other their reasonable costs and charges in or about the performance of this my present Will and The abovesaid Richard Somerscales, got his estate by labour, being first a poor Shepherd, and towards his latter end a Waller. [Lord

Page 67


Stott, as Trustees for Ovenden ; and by deed, dated January 19, John Batley, Thomas Rigg, John Holroyd, Samuel Steed, William Chamberlain, Jonathan Steed, Thomas Holden, and Robert Butterfield, were put in trust; but why so many were appointed, or whether it was for Halifax only, we can- not say. The estate in Ovenden, belonging to this charity, was, in 1788, and had been for eighty years before, let for three pounds a year; that in Halifax for six pounds. The following is on a stone on the west wall of Halifax Church. ‘‘Mr. Richard Somerscales, of Halyfax, who died April the 8th, A.D. 1618, and who, by his last will, gave all his lands in Halyfax and Ovenden (after the his sister) to the poor of the said towns for ever, amongst whom he gave forty shillings to his sister’s husband for the term of his life.”’



Dated Jan. 18, 1613.

Page 68


part thereof, of intent and purpose that they and their heirs shall for ever dispose, bestow, and employ the aforesaid annuity, or yearly rent of eight pounds, and every part thereof for and towards the maintenance of one School and School-master, who shall teach the children of the poorest people of Halifax to read and learn their Catechisms, thereby to know their duties towards God, and enable them the better unto several services in the Church or Common-wealth. Item, I do give and devise the sum of ten pounds, to be lent from time to time, for ever, to the godliest and poor people of Halifax, the securing whereof so to remain for ever to the disposition and discretion of my Executors and Over- seers.” Jane Crowther was buried Jan. 24, 1618. In 1651, fifty- - two pounds of these rents were behind, and a great deal of money spent in suing for the same. The Trustees were constrained to release the said annuity, and to take an 100 pounds in lieu thereof, which sum of one hundred pounds was, by Samuel Lister and Humphrey Drake, put to interest to John Greenwood, of Elfabrough-hall, in Sowerby, who repaid it, and it was, by the consent of Thomas Lister, of Shibden-hall, Executor to the said Samuel Lister his father, put out for eight pounds yearly to Joseph Lister, his late brother, and one Jonas Peverson, the said Thomas taking bond for the same in his own name. Joseph, during the life, paid the said eight pounds yearly to the School-master, and Thomas paid it also for one year after the death of the said Joseph, which happened Dec. 27, 1644; but at the Inquisition taken at Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651, it was found that the said Thomas Lister had not paid the yearly interest of eight pounds to the then School-master for five years last past, but that he had paid the said School- master, Thomas Marshal, five pounds yearly, which he said was of his own free will, and not any part of the interest of the said hundred pounds; this caused a bill to be filed in Chancery against the said Thomas Lister, complaining, that the Devisee of the Will of Jane Crowther had sold or conveyed away, the yearly rent of eight pounds, by her left to the use already mentioned, or had otherwise granted and released the same to the tenant of the land charged with the payment thereof, and had accepted of the sum of one hundred pounds for the same, which sum had been let out to interest for some

Page 69


time, and the profits thereof imployed as directed; but after- wards the said Devisees severally dying, and Samuel Lister, the survivor of them, before his death, receiving in the said hundred pounds, Tho. Lister, his heir and executor, had put out the same to interest, and taken security in his own name, refusing to re-pay the said hundred pounds, or any interest for it, or to secure the same for the charitable use for which it was left, and praying for relief. To these complaints we have seen no other reply than what is contained in an Indenture, dated May 16, 1657, between the said Thomas Lister of the one part, and Henry Power of Halifax, Doctor in Physic, Samuel Lister, of Shib- den-hall, son and heir apparent of the said Thomas Lister, Robert Hall, of Booth-town, and Samuel Mitchel, of Halifax, of the other part, wherein it is said that the Trustees of the Will of Sarah Crowther, or some of them, did grant away their estate, interest, and right in and to an annuity of eight pounds a year, by her left for the sum of one hundred pounds ; and that Samuel Lister, father of the said Thomas, did put out the said sum of one hundred pounds at interest, in the name of the said Thomas Lister, as heir to the surviving Trustee, and that the said Thomas, endeavoring to have put to interest the said sum, for the advantage of the school to which it was left, the creditors in whose hands it was, died, and their heirs and executors became insolvent, whereby the legacy was lost; in regard, however, that the said sum was so let out as aforesaid, and in full satisfaction for the same, the said Thomas Lister did, by this Indenture, for and from him, his heirs and assigns, grant and confirm to the said Henry Power, &c. one annuity, or yearly rent charge of five pounds, out of a messuage, or tenement, in Southouram, with lands, &c. thereto belonging, called the Haines, to hold to them, their heirs and assigns, in trust for the purposes mentioned in the Will of the said Sarah Crowther, and to be for ever payable, at, or in, the south porch of Halifax, at the Feasts of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop, in winter, by equal portions, with power of distress in case of non-pay- ment for twenty days; and in case no distress could be found and the said annuity was unpaid for forty days, to enter and take the profits of the said tenements, till the arrear was paid. At an Inquisition executed at Halifax, May 14, 1719, it was found that the above rent had been duly paid and applied

Page 70


to the charitable use; that all the Grantees of the said rent were dead, and that Samuel Lister survived his said Grantees his cousin and heir being James Lister, of Shibden-hall, Gentleman, whereupon the Commissioners decreed, that the said James Lister, should convey the said yearly sum of five pounds to Samuel Stead, John Ramsden, Thomas Butterfield, Daniel Whitaker, Thomas Drake, Joseph Ellis, John Hill- house the elder, Abraham Milner, and James Edwards all of Halifax, and to their heirs and assigns, for the use of the said school, according to the Will of Jane Crowther. In obedience to which Decree, the said James Lister did, by Indenture, dated October 21, 1721, convey the same to the Trustees last named, except John Hillhouse and James Edwards, who were then dead, with a clause, that when any five of them should die, the survivor or survivors should, within three months after, at the request of Jonathan Stead and John Caygill, of Halifax, (made parties in the Deed,) their Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, and the major part of the Governors of the late Nathaniel Waterhouse’s workhouse in Halifax aforesaid, for the time being, for ever, grant and assign over the said yearly rent to such other nine persons of Halifax, their heirs and assigns, as the said Jonathan Stead and John Caygill, their Heirs, Executors, or Administrators, and the major part of the said Governors should nominate and appoint, in trust, for the purposes mentioned in the Will of Jane Crowther. In the year 1761, we were particularly informed, that after no application for near thirty years, Jane Crowther’s charity was then well managed by the acting Trustees; that the School was kept in part of the Alms-houses given by Jane Crowther and Ellen Hopkinson, and the Master duly paid ten pounds a year, for teaching twenty poor children to read, write, and say their Catechism.


Of Halifax, Widow, gave by Will, dated June 12, 1614, to the School in the Alms-houses in Halifax, ten pounds, for the buying of some annuity towards the maintenance thereof, to be disposed by the Overseers of her last Will, who were Dr. Favour, Samuel Lister, Samuel Mitchel, and John Clough. Also to the poor of the town of Halifax eight pounds to be lent, from year to year, to four Tradesmen for ever; and

Page 71


that her Overseers, or the most part of them, should take such order

Page 72


And by the said

Page 73


deed since that of Parkinson’s. The minutes of the above Inquisition, wrote by Mr. Brearcliffe, were in the hands of the late Mr. Valentine Stead, of Nottingham.


Gave forty shillings a-year, for ever, to the Vicar of Hali- fax, for a sermon to be preached in Commemoration of him, in the parish church of Halifax, in the month of April, for ever. He was buried April 4, 1633. This account is taken from Mr. Wright, p. 114. A paper which I met with in the box belonging to the Trustees of Crowther and Hopkinson’s charity says, that Henry Riley, of London, Esq; by Will, (confirmed by Gill’s bargain and sale), gave forty shillings per annum, for ever, to the Vicar of Halifax, for a sermon to be preached in com- memoration of Godfrey Walker, and Catharine his wife, in the parish church of Halifax, in the month of April, for ever, to be paid on the third Wednesday in April, yearly, out of a tenement called Netherhouse, in Hipperholme-cum- Brighouse.


Of Halifax, gave by Will, dated June 23, 1638, twenty shillings yearly, for ever, to have a sermon preached in Halifax church, every St. Peter’s Day, by the Vicar or his substitute. A manuscript, however, in our possession, on what au- thority we know not, says, this sermon was to be preached on that day, wherein, in the revolution of the year, it should fall out that she should be buried, if it be not on the Lord’s Day, and if it be, then the day after. She was buried June 29, 1688. The word Substitute, in this Will, seems to mean the Vicar’s Curate, or any Clergyman whom the Vicar may think proper to substitute in his place, to preach the said sermon ; but Mr. Brearcliffe says, this substitute, we (the Enquirers into Halifax Charities in .1651,) conceive to be none other than whatsoever Minister is substituted in the room of the Vicar for the Ministry of Halifax, which John Ryall, the Executor of the said Testatrix, well knowing, did, in the years 1643 and 1644, pay unto Mr. Roote, then Minister of

Page 74


the same place, the said sum of twenty shillings, according to the true meaning of the said Will and Testament. Afterwards, the said John Ryall refused to pay the same, because there was no Vicar or Substitute at Halifax resident there, but a Stipendiary Minister. This explains the passage in Mr. Brearcliffe’s manuscript, where he says, that the money in 1651, rested in John Ryall’s hands. Mr. Wright, p. 87, says that with Mrs. Ann Snydall’s legacy of twenty pounds, and some addition of Vicar Hooke’s (which was eleven pounds), the close behind the Vicarage-house was purchased. The inhabitants of Sowerby gave towards this seven pounds ten shillings, for Dr. Hooke’s consent to their having a licence from the Archbishop of York to bury and baptize at Sowerby Chapel. The close was purchased in 1668, of one Nicholas Elberke, of Halifax, as appears by a Deed made by him to Feoffees in trust for the Vicars of Halifax.


Of Halifax, is the next benefactor in order of time, but to give a proper account of his charities, we must go back to what is called the Corporation Charter of Halifax, or the Letters Patent which he obtained of King Charles the First, in these words :

Page 76


as shall be found within any such suspected houses, and to place them in the said workhouse, there to be set on work, and to be corrected and punished according to the good and wholesome laws of this our realm of England. And that we would be further graciously pleased to give unto the Petitioners such further powers, for the well order- ing and governing the said workhouse, and the poor people therein to be placed and employed, according to a like Grant made by our late predecessor King Edward the Sixth, for the government of Bridewell, in the city of London. Know ye therefore, that we, for the considerations afore- said, graciously inclining and condescending to the humble suit of the said Petitioners, and being of our own princely inclination willing and desirous to cherish and promote all pious and charitable works of that nature, and to establish the said house according to the good intent and meaning of the said donor, of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have made, constituted, ordained, and es- tablished, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, do make, constitute, ordain, and establish, that the said workhouse heretofore given by the said Nathaniel Waterhouse as aforesaid, situate within the said town of Halifax, shall forever hereafter be, and be called by the name of a workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, and to that use shall be for ever hereafter employed. And for the better government, ordering, and guiding of the said poor in their employment, and punishing of those that shall be found obstinate and refractory, we further will, constitute, ordain, and appoint, that thirteen of the ablest and most discreet persons in the said town and parish shall be for ever hereafter A BoDY CORPORATE AND by the name of Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York. And to the end that this charitable and pious work may take the better effect, we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, of our like especial grace, certain knowledge and mere motion, do grant, ordain, and consti- tute, that the said Master and Governors of the said work- house, and their successors, for ever hereafter shall be one body corporate and politic of themselves, in matter, deed,

Page 77


and name, by the name of Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Hali- fax, in the county of York. We do for us, our heirs, and successors, incorporate them into one body corporate and politic, by the same name for ever to continue really and fully, we do, for us, our heirs and successors, erect, make, ordain, create, constitute, and establish, by these presents, and that by the same name they may have perpetual succession; and that they and their successors, by the name of Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, shall and may, for ever hereafter, be able and capable in law to have, purchase, receive, and possess, lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, liberties, priveleges, franchises, jurisdictions, and heredita- ments whatsoever, to them and their successors, in fee and perpetuity, or for term of life or lives, or years, or otherwise howsoever, and also goods and chattels, and all other things whatsoever, of what kind or quality soever they be; and also to give, grant, lease, assign, and otherwise to dispose the same lands, tenements, and hereditaments, goods, and chattels, as they please, and to do, perform, fulfil, and execute all and other things and matters whatsoever to them belonging and appertaining; and that by the name of Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, they shall and may, for ever hereafter, implead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, defend and be defended, in whatsoever Courts and places, and before whatsoever Judges and Justices, or other Officers or Ministers of us, our heirs or successors, or other persons whatsoever, in all and singular actions, pleas, suits, complaints, causes, matters, and demands whatsoever, of what kind, nature, or form soever they be, in as ample manner and form as any our liege people within this our realm of England, or as any other body corporate or politic within the same. And that the said Master and Governors of the said work- house for the poor, within the town and parish of Halifax in the county of York, and their successors, for ever hereafter, shall have a common Seal, to serve for the causes and business of them and their successors, to be done and executed ; and that it shall and may be lawful, to and for

Page 78


the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, and their successors, for the time being, the same Seal, from time to time, to break, change, alter, and make anew, as to them shall be thought expedient. And further, of our own especial grace, and of our royal authority, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we do, for us, our heirs and successors, as much as in us lieth, give and grant unto the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse for the poor, within the said town and parish of Halifax, and their successors, for ever, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master and Governors, for the time being, or the major part of them, at all times, and from time to time hereafter, when and so often as they please to assemble themselves and meet together at the said workhouse in the said town, or in any other convenient place within the said town, and in those assemblies and meetings (when and so often as to them shall be thought expedient, and as necessity shall so require) to ordain, con- stitute, and make such fit, wholesome, and honest laws, ordinances, statutes, rules, and constitutions, as shall be expedient for the right government and well ordering of the workhouse, and the poor therein to be maintained and em- ployed; and also full power and authority to examine all and singular persons idly wandering within the town and parish of Halifax aforesaid, and to compel them to labour and work in the said workhouse for their living. And we do also, by these presents, give and grant, for us, our heirs and successors, unto the said Master and Govern- ors of the said workhouse for the poor, within the said town and parish of Halifax, and their successors for ever, full power and authority for them, or the major part of them, from time to time, to nominate, appoint, make, and ordain such and so many Officers, Ministers, and Governors under them in the said workhouse, as they, or the greater part of them, shall think fit and meet, who shall, from time to time, oversee and provide, that the poor therein may be well and honestly ordered and provided for, and also to order and govern them in such manner, as to them shall seem meet and eonvenient, without the impeachment of us, our heirs or successors, Justices, Escheators, Sheriffs, Ministers, Servants, or other the subjects of us, our heirs or successors whatsoever, any statute, law, or ordinance heretofore made

Page 79


or done, or hereafter to be made or done, to the contrary notwithstanding, so as the said ordinances, laws, rules, and statutes be not contrary or repugnant to’ the laws and statutes of our realm of England or prerogative royal. And moreover, we will and grant, for us, our heirs and successors, to the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, for the poor within the said town and parish of Halifax, and to their successors, for ever, that it shall and may be lawful, as well to and for the said Master and

Page 80


or to frequent their houses, or unless such men and women so suspected, and being vagabond persons as aforesaid, shall sufficiently make it appear, that he, she, or they be of honest and good conversation, and by what means they do maintain themselves, and for what. cause they do so

Page 81


which shall be in the same year of our Lord God one thous- and six hundred thirty and six, a new election of another Master shall be made, and oath by him taken, as is expressed ; the said Nathaniel Waterhouse shall be prime Governor of the said workhouse, next in order to the Master thereof for the time being, during his natural life, unless for ill aberr- ing, or other just cause, he shall be removed from that place or office of Prime Governor of the said workhouse as afore- said; and if the said Nathaniel

Page 82


full power and lawful authority, from time to time, to elect and choose out of themselves another Master, who being so duly elected and sworn, as hereafter is expressed, shall con- tinue Master of the said workhouse until the next ensuing Feast of St. Michael the Archangel next after his election, and from thenceforth until another of the said Governors shall be duly elected ‘and sworn Master of the said work- house as aforesaid ; and as often also as it shall happen any Master of the said workhouse, in form aforesaid elected, after his election made, and before his oath taken, to die, or refuse to take the said place upon him, that then, and so often we will, for us, our heirs and successors, that there be the like election forthwith made, and that the person so to be newly elected, taking his oath as is hereafter mentioned, shail execute the place of Master of the said workhouse, in form aforesaid. And we have also assigned, named, constituted, and appointed, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do assign, name, constitute, and make, our well beloved Anthony Foxcroft, Gentleman, Robert Exley, Thomas Binns, John Power, Thomas Radcliffe, Richard Barraclough, Thomas Lister, Simeon Binns, Hugh Currer, Samuel Clough, Samuel Mitchel, and John Wade, to be the first twelve present and modern Governors of the said work- house, to continue in the said place of Governor during their several and respective lives, saving when and for such time only us they shall be Masters, unless they shall be removed as hereafter is mentioned. And we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, give and grant unto the said Master and Governors, and their successors for ever, full power and lawful authority, that they, or the major part of them, immediately from and after the decease or removal, as hereafter is mentioned, of any of the said twelve Governors by these presents constituted, or of any other Governor or Governors hereafter to be elected and made, may from time to time elect and choose one or more Governor or Governors in his or their place or stead, which shall so happen to die or be removed, out of the ablest and discreetest inhabitants within’ the said town and parish; who, within convenient time after his or their election, and before his or their admission into the place of Governor or Governors of the said workhouse, shall take his and their

Page 83


corporal oath before the said Master and surviving Govern- ors for the time being, or the major part of them, for the due execution and performance of the said place, and after such oath taken, shall continue Governor, or Governors, of the said workhouse during his and their natural lives respect- ively, saving for such time only as he and they shall supply the place of Master of the said workhouse, unless for misbe- haviour in his or their place, or places, or other just or reasonable cause he or they should be removed from the same; and every of them, after the time of his being Master ended, shall return again unto his place of Governor, in the same rank, order and antiquity as he was before; and if it shall happen that any of the said twelve Governors, by these presents constituted, or hereafter to be elected and sworn, as aforesaid, shall misbehave, or misdemean him or them- selves, in his or their said place, or places, of Governor, or Governors, or if there shall be any other just or reasonable cause to remove him, or them, then it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, and the rest of the said Governors, or the major of them, for the time being, upon or for such misdemeanors, or other reasonable and just cause, to remove, displace, and put out, any such Governor or Governors, and thereupon in the place and stead of him or them so removed, to elect and swear one or more of the ablest and discreetest of the inhabitants within the said town and parish, as the case shall require, to be Governor or Governors of the said workhouse, to continue during his or their natural life or lives respectively, unless for misbe- haviour, or other just cause as aforesaid, he or they shall be removed from the same. And so the like course to be held from time to time, when as often as occasion shall be, and also when and as often as it shall happen any Governor or Governors of the said workhouse, after his or their election, and before his or their oath taken, shall die, or refuse to take the said place upon him or them, that then and so often there be a like election forthwith made; and that the person or persons so to be newly elected taking his or their oath as aforesaid, shall execute the place of Governor or Governors of the said workhouse in form aforesaid. And to the end that justice may be the better done and executed within the said town, and the extents, limits and

Page 84


precincts thereof, and that the said workhouse and persons therein to be placed and employed may be the better ordered and governed, our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby, for us, our heirs and successors, constitute and appoint, that the said Nathaniel Waterhouse,

Page 85


being, into their charge and custody, and them to detain and keep in prison until they shall be discharged by due course of law, which said J of Peace for the said Town of Halifax, and every of them, for the time being, before he or they be admitted to execute the office of Justice of Peace, shall also for ever hereafter respectively, according to the laws and statutes in such cases made and provided, each, and every of them take his corporal oath upon the Holy Evange- list, (that is to say) the Master for the time being before the last Master, and the rest of the Governors for the time being or so many of them as will be present, and the Prime Gover- nors next in order to the said Master for the time as

Page 86


And these our Letters Patents, or the enrollment thereof, shall be unto the said Sir William Savile, John Farrer, and Henry Ramsden, and unto every of them, and unto the said Nathaniel Waterhouse, and unto the succeeding Masters and Governors of the said workhouse, for the time being, and unto every of them, a sufficient warrant and discharge in that behalf. And further we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do grant unto the Master and Governors of the said workhouse, or to their successors, for ever, that if any person or persons inhabiting within the same town or parish of Halifax, and being unto the offices or places of Master or Governor of the said workhouse, in due and lawful manner elected and chosen, according to the true intent of these presents, and having thereof notice to him or them respectively given, shall deny or refuse to have, hold, or take upon him, or them, the execution of the said offices or places of Master, Governor, or Governors of the said workhouse respectively, that then, and so often, and in every such case, it shall and may be lawful to and for the Master and Gover- nors of the said workhouse for the time being, or the major part of them, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to tax, assess, and impose upon all and every such person and persons so as aforesaid refusing to have, hold, and take upon him or them the execution of such office or place as aforesaid respectively, such reasonable fines, for the contempt and offence in that behalf, as to them the Master and Govy- ernors of the said workhouse, for the time being, or the major part of them, shall be thought meet and convenient.

Page 87


and Governors of the said workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, and to their successors for ever, special license and free and lawful power and authority to have, purchase, and possess to them and their successors for ever, in fee and perpetuity, or for time of life, lives, or years, or otherwise howsoever, messuages, lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, rents, reversions, liberties, privileges, franchises, jurisdictions, and other hereditaments, as well of us, our heirs and successors, as of any other person or persons whatsoever, which are not holden of us, our heirs or successors, in capite, or by Knight’s service, or of any other person or persons by Knight’s service whatsoever, so that the said manors, lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, rents, reversions, or other hereditaments, do not exceed in the whole the clear yearly value of one hundred marks, over and above all charges and reprizes, and over and above the said workhouse, with the appurtenances. And also we will, and for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant by these presents, unto all and every person and persons whatsoever, like licence, and free and lawful power and authority to give, alien, sell, dispose, and convey unto the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, and to their successors for ever, in fee, or perpetuity, or for term of life, lives, or years, or otherwise howsoever, messuages, lands, tenements, rectories, tythes, rents, reversions, liberties, privileges, franchises, jurisdictions, and other hereditaments, and also all goods and chattels, of what kind or quality so- ever they be, according to the true intent and meaning of these presents, the statute of lands and tenements not to be put in Mortmain, or any other statute, act, ordinance, or provision heretofore had, done, obtained, or provided, or any other matter, cause, or thing to the contrary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding. And we will and grant, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, to the said Master and Governors, and their successors for ever, that these our Letters Patents, or the Enrollment thereof, shall be unto all and every the said Master and Governors of the said workhouse, for the time being, and their successors for ever, a sufficient warrant and discharge for the doing, executing and performing of all and singular the premises, according to the true intent and meaning of these presents, although express mention of the F

Page 88


true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gifts or grants by us, or by any of our pro- genitors or predecessors, to the said Master and Governors of the workhouse for the poor within the town and parish of Halifax, in the county of York, heretofore made in these presents, is not made, or any statute, act, ordinance, provi- sion, proclamation, or restraint to the contrary thereof here- tofore had, made, ordained, or provided, or any other thing, cause, or matter whatsoever in any wise notwithstanding. In witness whereof we have caused these our Letters to be made Patents. I

Page 89


At the meeting held Oct. 14, 1635, Treasurers were appointed ; and at the Court held October 21, 1635, a Clerk, Overseer, and Beadle were chosen, the workhouse ordered to be repaired, and a room to be enlarged and made ready therein, for the meeting of the Master and Governors; the wheels, &c. to be viewed, and the seal of the Castle declared to be the Common Seal for all their business about the said workhouse, till farther order should be taken for changing or altering thereof. At other Courts, orders were made for such as were likely to become chargeable to the town and parish, to be re- moved; such as kept them in their families contrary to order, were fined; security was taken from all who received any stranger to dwell in their houses, that such stranger should not be chargeable to the town and parish; such as were convicted of swearing, keeping or using gaming-houses, and tippling at unseasonable hours, were fined; such as em- bezzled, spouted, or spoiled their work, or were idle, or unruly, or made a practice of begging, were whipped, set to work, or sent to the place of their settlement, and sometimes allowed only bread and water for several days: And, in short, such strict regulations were made, and put in exe- cution for keeping the poor in order, that near seventy different persons from December 9, 1635, when this punish- ment was first inflicted, to the 10th of October, 1638, when it seems, for a time, to have ceased, were whipped at the whipping-stock within this workhouse, and some of them repeatedly. December 21, 1635, Sir William Savile, of Thornhill, Baronet, composed a difference between the Master and Governors of the workhouse, and the inhabitants of Halifax, » by awarding, first, that every man within the parish, for giving of four-pence, should have bond given him by the Master and Governors, that neither they, nor any of their issue, should be chosen Governors without their own con- sent, provided they came in before Candlemas following. Secondly, That whereas there was an intention to have six months assessment within the parish, they should be contented with three months assessment within the whole Vicarage; and, thirdly, that if any thing there promised could not lawfully be done, the Patent should be mended at the charge of the town.

Page 90


This caused a petition at the next General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, that the three months assessment appointed by warrant from Sir William Savile, Baronet, John Farrer, Esq., and Henry Ramsden, Clerk, three of his Majesty’s Justices, to be paid throughout the whole Vicarage of Halifax, to the Master and Governors, for a stock for the poor, might be released to Heptonstall and Ealand; but the Court, January 18, 1635, confirmed the warrant, and ordered that such as refused to pay, should be apprehended and carried before a Justice of the Peace, to be bound to appear at the next Sessions. At the Court within the workhouse, January 19, 1635, an acquittance was given to Mr. Ramsden, for seventy-

Page 91


original Book of Rules, &c. kept therein, a copy of which was in the possession of the late Mr. Watson, taken from the original, lent by the late Mr. Stead of Nottingham. In this manuscript is a remarkable chasm, from December, 1688, to October 1682, excepting which, it is a continued register of what was done in and about the workhouse, from its first institution, to September 29, 1704, at which time the last entry was made in it. Besides this, there was also a book of accounts, both which were produced at the dispute in 1721, this latter marked A, and the former B. A copy of the will of Mr. Waterhouse next follows.

Page 92


Next follows the Author’s Apology to the reverend Dodecasty of Ministers within the vicarage of Halifax, especially to Mr. Robert Booth, then Minister there. In this he mentions his being related to Mr. Waterhouse. The first of these sermons was preached December 1, 1647, from Psalm exii. 6. The second, December 6, 1648, from Nehemiah, xiii. 14; and the third, December 5, 1649. The two last dedicated to the Right worshipful Langdale Sunderland, and William Rookes, junior, Esqrs. to whom the Author says ‘‘he was bound in those days of his under-hand fortune, wherein (as every bird will

Page 93


collections relating to the antiquities of Halifax in Yorkshire, a manuscript which the late Mr. Wilson, of Leeds, (Author of the manuscript collections of the lives and writings of English, Scotch, and Irish Historians, their several editions, and where their manuscripts are deposited, now lodged at the Free-school in Leeds) says Mr. Thoresby, the

Page 94


Chapter I. contains a short description of Halifax, and

Page 95


He was Author of an explanation of one of St. Paul’s Epistles, which was printed, but is now very scarce. It is so scarce, that we have some suspicion he has mistaken this name for that of J. Booth, [? Boyse,] mentioned below. For the inscription over Mr. Bentley’s remains, see the epitaphs belonging to Halifax Church.


Was buried at Halifax, June 9, 1679, where he had lived with the character of being a good Poet; but for our own part, we can say little to this, having never seen any com- position of his, either in print or manuscript.


Published a Sermon from Ecclesiastes xii. 18. entitled, “The great duty of fearing God, and keeping his command- ments, with their advantage (if duly observed) to mankind, while on earth, preached in the Chapel of Luddenden, May 24, 1741.—Leeds, printed by James Lister.”’ Mr. was, in 1773, one of the joint Rectors in Liverpool) was at that time Curate of Luddenden, and Chaplain to Colonel Houghton’s Regiment.

Page 96


Bridge is generally here pronounced Brigg, or Briggs. As for other particulars relating to this very learned, and useful man, we refer the Reader to the Author above-mentioned,

and to the Biographia Britannica, where he will receive

Page 97


he wrote his celebrated book, De Sphera. Dempster assert- ing that he was a Scotchman ; and Stanihurst, and others, that he was born at Dublin. If Halifax parish has any right to him, the most likely place for him to be born at, is, we think, in Southouram, where is now the Chapel in the Groves, for we take that to have been used as a place for the exercise of Religion in very early times, perhaps as far back as that of the Druids.—If

Page 98


In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Mrs. Bois urged her husband to act in the Ministry ; on which account he took upon him to serve the Cure of Elmesett, near Hadley; and, after the death of the Incumbent, was presented by the Lord Keeper, to the Rectory ; and not long after to the Rectory of West Stow, at the presentation of his brother-in-law, Mr. Poolye. He died in the 68th year of his age. He had several children by his wife, but none lived any considerable time but one, who proved an ornament to his country, viz. Dr. John Bois, born Jan. 8, 1560, who had a considerable hand in the present translation of the Bible, and the sketch of whose life may be seen in Peck’s Desiderata Curiosa, lib. viii. page 38. In this sketch we are further told, page 40, that the Doctor’s father was a great scholar, being excellently well learned in the Hebrew and Greek, which, considering the time he lived in, was almost a miracle.


First Curate of Sowerby Bridge, afterwards Minister of Halifax, where he was buried July 28, 1657. In

Page 99


He published, 1. Breviate of King’s whole Latin Grammar, vulgarly called Lilly’s ; or a brief grammatical table thereof, &c. London, 1660, 8vo. 2. The well tuned Organ; or an exercitation, wherein this question is fully and largely dis- cussed.

Page 100


as to complain when they are not hurt, and who, rather than to quarrel, will quarrel, even with peace itself, and who endeavour to disturb the nation with noise and clamour, without either sense or reason.”


Sometimes wrote Krabtree, was born, as some have thought, in Norland, as others, in the village of Sowerby, where he was initiated in school learning with Archbishop Tillotson.

He has left behind him the character of being a good Mathematician and Astronomer.

He published

Page 102


one Degree in Arts, and then retired to Alban-hall, where he became Bachelor and Doctor of Physic. He settled in the city of York, and practised there till about the beginning of the Civil Wars. We have before us a small quarto pamphlet of his, in- titled,

Page 103


church and verity, against all new and late upstart heresies, advancing themselves against the religious honour of old Rome, whose ancient faith was so much commended by St. Paul’s pen, and after sealed with the bloud of many martyrs and worthy

Page 104


called Threaphead, within four miles of Halifax, but I know not the situation of it. He became, when a young man, a Canon regular of the Order of St. Austin, but in what priory or abbey is uncertain. Having partly received his academical education in Cam- bridge, he retired to a nursery for the Canons of St. Austin, in Oxford, called St. Marie’s College, situated in the Bayley, where he was in 1526, as also October 14, 1533, when, as a Member of the said College, he was admitted to the reading of the Sentences, having a little before opposed in Divinity. About the same time be became Chaplain to Archbishop Cranmer, after whose example he married, a practice at that time disallowed amongst the Popish Clergy. Willis, in his Survey of the Cathedrals, vol. I, p. 125, says he was the last Prior of Nostel in Yorkshire, to which was annexed the Prebend of Bramham, in York Cathedral, and that he sur- rendered his Conyent in 1540, and had a pension of £100 per annum allowed him, which he received till his promotion in 1547, or 1548, to the Bishopric of St. David’s, where, as Willis, p. 121, tells us, he became a most miserable dilapi- dator, yielding up everything to craving Courtiers. But this writer, I think, treats his character too severely; as likewise does A. Wood. In the reign of Edward VI. fifty-six articles and inform- ations were laid against him, by George Constantine, David Walter, his servant, Thomas Young, (after Archbishop of York,) Rowland Merick, LL.D. (afterwards Bishop of Bang- or,) Tho. Lee, Hugh Rawlins, and others. He was, partly on the importunate suit of his adversaries, partly on the fall of the Duke of Somerset, by whom he had been promoted and maintained, detained in prison till the death of King Edward, and the coming in of Queen Mary, when he was involved in fresh trouble; for he was now accused, and examined for his faith and doctrine, as he had before been for abuse of the authority committed to him, for wilful negligence, superstition, covetousness, and folly. February 4, 1555, he was examined before the Bishop of Winchester (who was Lord Chancellor) and others, and being kept in prison uncondemned till the fourteenth day of the same month, he was sent down into Wales, there to receive sentence of condemnation; and being several times brought. before Doctor Henry Morgan, the Popish Bishop of St.

Page 106


of those who wished him ill; and who, we think, got very little credit to themselves as Reformers of religion, by their conduct towards him. Amongst the Harleian MSS., (see No. 420, of the Catalogue,) are several papers relating to the trial of Bishop Farrer, not printed in Fox. The book is called the 5th vol. of Mr. John Fox’s Papers, bought of Mr.


A Schoolmaster, in Ovenden, in this parish, wrote 1. A Methodist dissected, or a description of their errors.

2. The tradesman’s Arithmetic, in which is shewn the rules of common Arithmetic so plain and easy, that a boy of any tolerable capacity may learn them in a week’s time, without the help of a Master. Halifax, printed by P. Darby. No date, but it was published in 1761. I


Being forced to abscond on account of his political writ- ings, resided at Halifax, in the Back-lane, at the sign of the Rose and Crown, being known to Dr. Nettleton, the Physic- ian, and the Revd. Mr. Priestley, Minister of the Dissenting Congregation there.

Here he employed himself in writing his piece, ‘‘ De Jure

Page 107



A Dissenting Minister, living in Halifax, and late Preacher at Warley chapel, in that neighbourhood, took in Scotland a Degree in Arts. He published a Sermon from Matthew x. 34, which he preached in Kingston upon Hull, June 21, 1758, at the Ordination of the Rey. Mr. John Beverley. London, 1759. The design of it is to vindicate Christianity from the charge of promoting disorders in society, whether civil or sacred ; and to enquire whence such arose, and to what causes we must ascribe them.

Page 108


After his wife’s death, he lived in the house of his nephew, Mr. Daniel Greenwood, ‘Rector of Steeple-Aston, near

Page 109


servant at the Angel Inn at Halifax, which greatly redounds to his honour, as probably he was promoted for his merit. His parents lived at Lidgate, in Lightcliffe-—See the

Page 110


At page 175, of this book, are proposals for making Mrs. Stephen’s medicines public, and a list is annexed of the contributions for this purpose, from April 11, 1738, to Feb- ruary 24 following, the amount of which was £1387 13s. He was the chief instrument in procuring for Mrs. Stephens the £5000 granted by Parliament. His own case is the 128rd in the above book. He is said to have died of the stone, after having taken above two hundred pounds weight of soap. Mrs. Stephen’s medicine was made public in the Gazette, from Saturday June 16th, to Tuesday, June 19th, 1739. James Parsons, M.D., Fellow of the Royal Society, published an octavo, printed in London, 1742, containing

Page 111


in respect of morality and religion, and also its physicial cause, when by degrees many disquisitions foreign to the doctrine of association, or at least not immediately connected with it, intermixed themselves; for this reason, he has added thereto vibrations, and endeavoured to establish a connection between these; and has taken a great deal of pains to shew the general use of these two in explaining the nature of our sensations. ; The second part contains ‘‘ Observations on the duty and expectations of mankind,” before which is an introduction, in which he says, that the contemplation of our frame and constitution appeared to him to have a peculiar tendency to lessen the difficulties attending natural and revealed religion, and to improve their evidences, as well as to concur with them in their determination of man’s duty and expectations ; with which view he drew up the foregoing ‘‘ Observations on the frame and connection of the body and mind”; and in prosecution of the same design, he goes on in this part, from this foundation, and upon the other phenomena of nature, to deduce the evidences for the being and attributes of God, and the general truths of natural religion. Secondly, Laying down all these as a new foundation whereon to build the evidences for revealed religion. Thirdly, To enquire into the rule of life, and the particular applications of it, which result from the frame of our natures, the dictates of natural religion, and the precepts of the Scripture taken together, compared with, and casting light upon each other. Fourthly, To enquire into the genuine doctrines of natural and revealed religion, thus illustrated, concerning the ex- pectations of mankind here and hereafter, in consequence of their observance, or violation of the rule of life.


Son of Richard, was born at Little Lever, in Bolton parish, in Lancashire, March 1629, and baptized in Bolton church the 15th of the same month. He was designed by his parents for the Ministry from his birth, and he was also himself inclined that way. In 1647, he was admitted Pensioner in Trinity College, Cambridge, under the tuition of Mr. Akhurst. Here he took

Page 112


the degree of B.A. but was afterwards called home from thence, his father not being able to support him there. Here for some time he lived retiredly, but at length became a Preacher, by the advice and solicitation of the neighbouring Ministers; and having preached some time about the country occasionally, he was invited to Coley Chapel, in this parish ; soon after which, viz. Aug. 4, 1652, he was ordained in Bury Church, in Lancashire, by the Ministers of the second classes there. He married to his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of the Rey. Mr. Angier, of Denton, in Lancashire, in 1655, by whom he had several children. He had several disputes with part of his congregation ; some were displeased with him because he would not admit all comers promiscuously to the Lord’s Table without. dis- tinction ; others, because he would not thank God for killing the Scots. Once he was carried before Cornet Denham, by some of Colonel Lilburne’s soldiers, and the Cornet told him that he was one of the Cheshire rebels; but by the mediation of friends he was dismist. His annual income from Coley did not exceed £36 per annum ; but he held a Lecture every Thursday, for several years, at the house of one Samuel Hopkinson, at the Stubbing, in Sowerby, for which he had a consideration: He had also a small paternal estate in Lancashire, exclusive of what he might receive from Mr. Angier’s effects. He had a presentation to the vicarage of Preston, in Lancashire, worth at that time an hundred pounds per annum, sent him by Sir Richard Hoghton, of Hoghton Tower, but on some account or other he declined it. After the Restoration of King Charles II. he was prosecu- ted in the Consistory Court at York for not reading the Common Prayer a year before the Act of Uniformity com- menced, and suspended ab officio; the suspension was published at Halifax, June 29, 1662. On this he forbore preaching at Coley, but did not attempt to get off his suspension, because of the Act of Uniformity, which was to take place in Aug. following, and to which he could not conform.

Page 113


November 2, the same year, an excommunication was published against him in Halifax Church; on which he went to York, but found that nothing could be done for him, unless he would take the oath ‘“‘de parendo juri, et stando mandatis ecclesiz,’’ which his conscience would not permit him to do. In 1664 came out the ‘* Writ de excommunicato

Page 114


good behaviour in forbearing to preach, he was committed to York Castle, where he had both an expensive and trouble- some confinement, and from which he was not freed without much difficulty. After a fatiguing, troublesome life, he died March 4, 1702, in the 73rd year of his age. In a manuscript of his, sent to one Mrs. Hannah Stans- feld, in Sowerby, he says,

Page 115


15, “‘A Treatise of Christ’s Intercession,” 1701. Besides which he printed and prefaced several books of others. In the above Diary, which I saw in the hands of Mr. Dickenson, of Northouram, are these entries: [Jan. 18, 1677—Aug. 1679. See Vol. 2, Heywood’s Diaries, just printed.—J.H.T.] Thoresby had a MS. copy of this [Angier’s] Life, with notes and additions by Mr.

Page 116


Page 117


Sermon to the then House of Commons; upon his Non- conformist’s plea for peace, and upon his answer to Dr. Stillingfleet.”” London, 1682, 157 pages in 8vo. Thoresby, in his Museum, (Topog. p. 542) had an 8vo. MS. in answer to this, entitled ‘‘The Duelling Doctor defeated,” by T.J.M.A. (The just man’s advocate, alias Mr. Thomas Sharp, whose mark this was,) being given by his widow [to Thoresby.] Dr. Hooke died January 1, 1688-9, having languished for some time under great pain of a fistula. See the epitaphs at Halifax Church.


Born at Sowerby, received his first academical education in Magdalene-hall, in Oxford, and being afterwards invited to Ireland, was made Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin; there he took the Degree of D.D. and was elected Divinity Pro- fessor in that University. In this office he expounded the whole Bible through in daily lectures, and in the chiefest. books ordinarily a verse each day, which work held him almost fifteen years. Some time before he ended that work, he began the second exposition of the whole Bible in the Church of Trinity College, and within ten years ended all the New Testament (excepting one book and a piece) all the Prophets, all Solo- mon, and Job. He preached also and expounded thrice every Sabbath for the far greater part of the year, once every holy-day, and sometimes twice. To these may be added, his weekly lectures (as Professor) in the controversies, and his answers to all Bellarmine’s writings. On the breaking out of the Irish Rebellion, in 1641, he came into England, and was made Vicar of Step- ney, near London, but being too scholastical, he did not please the parishioners. He was constituted about this time, one of the Assembly of Divines, and furnished evidence against Archbishop Laud, on his trial, as to matter relating to the University of Dublin, whilst he was Chancellor thereof. At length, by the favour of the Committee of Parliament for the reformation of the University of Oxford, he became Master of University College, and the King’s Professor of Divinity. He was respected by Dr. Usher, the learned Primate of Ireland, in whose vindication he wrote, ‘‘A Rejoinder to

Page 118


William Malone, Jesuit, his reply concerning the real pre- sence.” Dublin, 1641, in a thick quarto. Dr. Hoyle died December 6, 1654, and was buried in that little old Chap el of University College, which was pulled down in 1668,

Page 119


When the royal cause was at the lowest, he refused the Engagement, as he had done the Covenant before, and entered into Episcopal Orders.—July 26, 1647, he preached his first Sermon, as Lecturer, at Halifax, but

Page 120


August 12, 1684, with liberty to hold his Prebend in com- mendam. In the time of Monmouth’s Rebellion, he went down tu reside at Bristol, by order of King James II. though he was at that time much afflicted with the gout, and narrowly escaped being taken by the Duke’s forces. His conduct on that occasion was so pleasing to the King, that, before his return, he nominated him to the Bishopric of Chichester, in which he was confirmed October 19, 1685. April 27, 1688, King James II. having renewed the Dec- laration he had set out the year before, for liberty of conscience, to favour the cause of Popery, was resolved to oblige the,Clergy to read it in all their Churches; but Dr. Lake having first prevented the sending down the Declar- ations into his Diocese, went up to London, and after con- sultation with Archbishop Sancroft, and five other Bishops, at Lambeth, they agreed to petition the King, and therein to lay before him their reasons which inclined them to dis- obey the Order of Council which had been sent to them. This Petition was delivered accordingly on the 18th day of May; and for this, such as had signed it were cited to appear before the Council; where refusing, on account of their Peerage, to give bonds to appear in the Court of King’s Bench, the Archbishop, and six other Bishops, (amongst whom was Lake) were committed to the Tower by a warrant signed June 8th, and on the 15th were

Page 121


Page 122


We cannot find that he published anything except two Sermons, viz. 1, Sermon preached at Whitehall, May 29th, 1670, published by his Majesty’s command,” London, 1671. 2, ‘*The true Christian’s Character and Crown, preached in St. Botolph’s Church, July 15, 1669, at the Funeral of Mr. William Cade, Deputy of that Ward.” Lon- don, 1671, 4to.


Was born at Finhamsted, in Hertfordshire, in 1585, and educated at Cambridge, (though some have said that he was Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.) He took the Degree of D.D. at Oxford, in 1686. In 1614, he was made Vicar of Birstall, in the West-riding of Yorkshire ; in 1625, Prebend- ary of Southwell; and in 1634, he succeeded Archbishop Bramhall in the Prebend of Husthwaite, in the Church of York. April 17, 1638, he was inducted into the Vicarage of Hali- fax, as appears by an entry wrote with his own hand. In 1641, the King presented him to the Archdeaconry of York, or of the West-riding of Yorkshire ; and in November, 1644, nominated him to the Deanry, on the death of Dr. Scott, the King being then at Oxford; but the confusions of those times would not permit him to be elected, much less installed, till the Restoration, when the former of these was performed August 17, and the other the 20th, 1660. Dr. Peter Heylin made great interest, by his friends, to obtain this dignity, but was denied, to make way for Dr. Marsh, whom King Charles had so great a value for, that he desired him to be one of the Chaplains to attend him, when the Parliament had got him into their hands in He was also Prebendary of Rippon, and as Walker, in his Sufferings of the Clergy, page 82, says, Vicar of Bourson, in Yorkshire, but we know not any such place. And as the Doctor had these good preferments, so he was a great and very early sufferer for his attachment to the King his patron; for in 1642, he had his living of Halifax sequestered, for delinquency, to the use of the forces under Lord Fairfax, himself narrowly escaping from the town, but taken prisoner at Blackstone-edge, and carried to Man- chester, where he was confined for some time, till he made his escape from thence, and got to the King at Oxford.

Page 123


Thus he lost the benefit of his living for eighteen years together, and saw Halifax no more till the Restoration, when he returned, Sept. 16, 1660, and took possession of his Church again. An old man, who was present, told Mr. Beckwith, of York,

Page 124


The Doctor fled to save himself, and a trusty servant-maid made her escape with the child in the night, with nothing but her shift on, carrying it in that condition in the dark, for fourteen miles, to a relation of the Doctor’s, where it remained till the Restoration, when her father was at liberty to return. This daughter, Catharine, married Mr. John Kay, of Gomersal, near Birstal, and died at Howley-hall, about 1730, leaving, by said Mr. Kay, 1, Robert Kay, of Howley-hall, whose daughter married Mr. Thomas Beckwith, of York; 2, Martha, wife to Dr. Robert Tomlinson, Rector of Wickham ; which Martha was, in 1766 in her 104th or 105th year, and gave part of this account. The third wife was Frances, daughter of Mr. Grice, of Wakefield. She was buried in York July 25, 1665. Mr. Beckwith, above-named, had, in 1766, an original painting of Dr. Marsh in his robes, which seemed to have been done when he was about sixty years of age. The wives and children of. delinquents being, by public ordinances, allowed the fifth part of the estate and goods which had been seized upon, the following Petition was sent in against Dr. Marsh, which we took from a paper, dated in 1650, containing a set of reasons against their receiving the sald fifth part; but what was the effect of it we cannot tell. ‘<1, Dr. Marsh was long since cast out of the Vicarage of Halifax for misdemeanors.

Page 125


‘©§, The said Dr. Marsh had, when hee was expelled the Viccarage, several other Liveinges, as att Birstall, Yorke, Rippon, Sussex, hee was the latte Kinges Chaplayen, and one of the hie Comishon att Yorke, besides he hath a good estate of his owne in land, to the valeu of £30. per ann. and upwards.

Page 126


to go to Coley, in this parish, where his father had been minister. There he found friends, and was fixed in St. Ann’s Chapel, in Southouram, from whence he was ejected by the Act of Uniformity. He afterwards went into Holland, and, at his return, taught Philosophy, &c., to some young Students at Hague- hall. He was also Pastor of the Congregational Church at Woodkirk. He died May 25, 1681, aged forty seven.


The real Author of the History of Halifax, which goes under the name of William Bentley.—This man was a prisoner for debt in York Castle, in 1685, where he was acquainted with Oliver Heywood. He was also three times in Halifax jayl, for debt. Here it was he wrote the above History; and here he died, July 18, 1695. His poverty prevented him from printing the Book, which he wrote for his own support; and he not only lost the benefit of his labours in his life-time, but had another man’s name put to his Work when he was dead. vos non vobis, &c.”’ He practised Physic, and was the son of William Midgley,

who was buried at Luddenden, August 21, 1695, aged eighty- one.


The second son of John Milner, of Skircoat, near Halifax, by Mary, daughter of Mr. Gilbert Ramsden, was baptized February 10, 1627-8. The foundation of his great learning was laid in the Grammar school there, from whence he was sent, at fourteen years of age, to Christ’s College, Cambridge, where he took the Degrees of B.A., M.A. and B.D. He was first Curate of Middleton, in Lancashire, but was forced thence, on Sir George Booth’s unsuccessful attempt to re- store King Charles II. a little before the fight at Worcester. After this he retired to the place of his nativity, where he lived till 1661, when Dr. Lake, then Vicar of Leeds, and his brother-in-law, gave him the Curacy of Beeston, in his parish. In 1662, he took the Degree of B.D. and the same year was made Minister of St. John’s, in Leeds. He was elected Vicar of Leeds, and was inducted thereto August 4,

Page 127


1678, and March 29, 1681, was chosen Prebendary of Ripon. In 1688, not being satisfied about the Revolution, he retired from his Vicarage, and was deprived of all his Preferments ;, on which he retired to St. John’s, in Cambridge, where he spent the remainder of his days, continuing a Nonjuror till his death, which happened in the said College, February 16, 1702. He was buried in the Chapel there, on the 19th, aged seventy-five, leaving an only son, Thomas Milner, M.A. Vicar of Bexhill, in Sussex. It is remarkable, that both Bishop Lake and he were born in Halifax parish, both educated in Cambridge, were both Vicars of Leeds, and both lost their preferments for Non- jurancy, in 1688. His Works are these: 1.—Conjectanea in Isaiam ix. 1, 2. London, 4to.,

Page 128


9.—A View of the Dissertation upon the Epistles of Phalaris, &c., lately published by the Rev. Dr. Bentley, also, of the Examination of that Dissertation, by the Hon. Mr. Boyle. London, 1698, 8vo.

10.—A brief Examination of some Passages in the Chron- ological Part of a Letter written to Dr. Sherlock.

11.—A further Examination of ditto.

12.—An Account of Mr. Locke’s Religion, 1700, 8vo. 13.—Animadversions upon Mons. Le Clere’s Reflections upon our Saviour, &c., Camb. 1702, 8vo. He also left the following manuscripts behind him, which came to the hands of his son:

1.—A Translation of the Targum.

2.—A Chronological History from the Flood to our Saviour’s Birth.

3.—Ditto of the five first Centuries, A.D.

4,—Animadversions on the Historical Account of the Jewish High Priests. 5.—An Answer unto, or Animadversions upon R.H. on Controversies.

6.—Ditto upon T.C’s. Labyrinthus Cantuariensis. This he lived not to finish.

7.—Animadversions upon Irenicum.

8.—A Vindication of the Church of England in reference to Antiphones, Responds, &c.

9.—A Latin Comment on part of Genesis.

10.—Ditto upon Psalms 1, 42. 11.—Diatriba de igne Purgatorio. 12.—Fax nova Lingue Sancte.

I will only add the character which Dr. Gower, Lady Margaret’s Professor at Cambridge, gave of this Mr. Milner, to Mr. Thoresby. ‘‘Great learning and piety made him really a great man; he was eminent in both, and nothing but his humility and modesty kept him from being more noted for being so. He was a blessing to the whole Society, by the example he gave in every good thing. He died beloved, and much lamented here, and his memory is hon- ourable and precious amongst us, and will long continue so.”’

Page 129



Son of Thomas, was born at Geslingroid, in the township of Barkisland, in this parish, and died at London about the latter end of the year 1736. He turned his thoughts, it seems, to natural philosophy, for in Thoresby’s Museum (Topog. page 543) was a manuscript diary, giving an account of the rising and falling of the Barometer, the point of the compass the wind was upon, and some account of the temper- ature of the air, as rain, snow, frost, mist, &c., from Octo. 1710, till December, 1718, by Mr. John Mitton, of Barkis- land, near Halifax.


Wrote a Poem in 4to, called,

Page 130



Son of John, born at Dewsbury, settled at Halifax, and © practised Physic there for several years with great success, having taken degree of M.D. at Leyden. He and Mr. West, of Under-bank, near Penniston, in Yorkshire, were the first who instructed Professor Sanderson in the principles of mathematics, and the Doctor used to say, that the Scholar soon became more knowing than his Masters. In the Philo- sophical Transactions appear several pieces of the Doctor’s, which were communicated by Dr. Jurin, who was his friend and acquaintance, viz.

Page 131


enlarged. It was reprinted in 1736, and 1751, at London, both in 8vo. but the former of these is the more valuable, because it had the Author’s finishing hand. The design of this valuable work is to shew that happiness is the end of all our actions; how we deviate from our true happiness ; and how these deviations may be prevented. He has also given us some excellent rules for the management of our several passions, and has undeniably proved, that virtue is the best and chiefest good; that it is not only the support and ornament of society, and beneficial to mankind in general, but the truest, and most substantial happiness to every particular person, as it yields the greatest pleasure, both in its immediate exercise, and in its consequences and effects ; that it gives a relish to all other pleasures, and where it is wanting, there can be no true nor lasting pleasure, but all will be bitterness, horror, and remorse, without the least mixture of any thing gentle and agreeable. The following story is told of the Doctor: That being in company with several Gentlemen, one of them was laying great stress on Dean Echard’s account of selling himself to the Devil before the Battle of Worcester; aftirm- ing, that the bargain was intended to be for twenty-one years, but that the Devil had put a trick upon Oliver, by changing the twenty-one into twelve, and then turning hastily to the Doctor, asked him, ‘‘ What could be the Devil’s motive for so doing?” The Doctor, without hesitation, answered, ‘*That he could not tell what was his motive, unless he was in a hurry about the Restoration.” The Doctor married, March 80, 1708, Elizabeth Cotton, of Haigh-hall, by whom he had several children. He died I January 9, 1741-2, at Halifax, and was buried on the 12th, at Dewsbury, with the following epitaph on the south wall of the Church.


Artis suze Facultate Prope singulari insignis ; Aliarumque Artium Que ad Humanitatem excolendam Et Virtutem promovendam pertinent, Laude cumulatus.

Page 132


Modesta Ingenii Sagacitas vere amabilem, Pietas autem non simulata, Comitate condita Gravitas, Ac simplex Morum Candor Amabiliorem prestiterunt. Nec Fame celebritati, Nec Divitiarum incremento studuit ; Eum ratus uberrimum solertie questum, Quamplurimus prodesse. Indolem hance adprime liberalem Natura ingenuit, Vite institutum aluit. Studium denique humanioris Philosophie, Ac diuturna cum Viris maximis Sandersono, Halleio, Newtono, Consuetudo abunde confirmavit. Scriptis Auctor limatissimus, Atque hoc Monumento perennioribus, Elegantem Virtutis, et Felicitatis imaginem Mirus Artifex adumbravit : Illustrissimum antem Exemplar Nativo colore Vite expressit. Tot, tantisque Dotibus ornatus Vixit annos LVITI. TV. Id. Jan. MDCCXLI.


Born, as I take it, in or near Manchester, was Curate of Coley, in this parish, afterward Master of the Free Grammar-school near Halifax, and Curate of Eland. He was Fellow of St. John’s College, in Cambridge, where he took the Degree of D.D. and was made Vicar of Damerham, in Wiltshire. He published two Sermons, preached before the University of Cambridge, in 1758, one from 1 Thess. v. 18. upon May 29, being the Anniversary of the Restoration of King Charles II. the other from Deut. iv. 6. on June 22, being the Anniversary of the Accession of his Majesty King George II. Both dedicated to his Patron the Duke of New- castle, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. He has also published some Sermons on the Efficacy of Prayer and Intercession, printed at Cambridge. The Doctor was chosen Woodwardian Professor of the University of Cambridge.

Page 133



An inhabitant of Upper Saltonstall, in the higher part of Warley, in this parish, published a pamphlet, intitled, “A short Inquiry into the proper Qualifications of Gospel Minis- ters, considered as the Servants, not of Men, but of Jesus Christ; with some Directions, how we, who are Hearers, may know whether the Doctrines our Ministers deliver from the Pulpit, are according to God’s Will and Mind, or not, And also how we are to attend on the Word preached in a profitable manner.” Halifax, 1759, 8vo.


Took the Degree of M.D. and practised Physic in Halifax, from whence Wright, in his History, page 171, says, he re- moved to New Hall, near Eland, and died there; but Wilson, in his manuscript account of the English Historians, already mentioned, tells us, that he removed from Halifax to Wake- field, where he died December 23,

Page 134



Was son of Geoffry Ramsden, of Greetland, in this parish, and was admitted a Commoner of Magdalene Hall, in Oxford, in 1610. He took the Degrees in Arts, and was elected Fellow of Lincoln College, in 1621, and five years afterwards, leaving that place, became a Preacher in London, and was much

Page 135


This was intended as a prelude to a larger work afterwards printed, and intitled, ‘‘The peculiar Doctrines of Revelation, relating to piacular Sacrifices, Redemption by Christ, Faith in him, the Treatment of different moral Characters by the Deity, under the several Dispensations of Revealed Religion,

Page 136


1511-12, and on the 22nd of June following had restitution of the Temporalties. In 1518, he convened a Provincial Synod, the Canons of which are yet extant in the Red Book of the Church of Ossory; and were from thence published by Sir Henry Spelman, tom. ii. page 726. See also Wilkins, vol. ii. page 660. He died November 29, 1521, and his body was buried (says Sir James Ware) in his own Cathedral of St. Patrick’s, Dublin, only his heart was conveyed into England, and de- posited in the monument of his ancestors. This may be true, but it is directly contrary to the words of his Will, which ordered that he should be embowelled, and his bowels and heart buried in the Church of Halifax, within the choir, and his body to be buried in the new Chapel at Sandal, and thereon a tomb of stone to be made, and about the same to be written :

Page 137


congregational Assembly there, against the reflections of one Edwards, and is dated from Sowerby, March 2, 1646.


Eldest son of Henry Savile, Esq; of Bradley, in the town- ship of Stainland, in this parish, by Ellen, daughter of Mr. Robert Ramsden, was born at Bradley, in 1545, and entered a Commoner of Brasen-Nose College about the year 1561; from whence, before he took any Degree, he was removed to the Middle Temple, where, being called to the Bar, he became Autumn Reader of that House in 1586, Steward of the Seigniory or Lordship of Wakefield, and was called to the Degree and Honor of the Coif in 1594, made one of the Barons of the Exchequer 1598; and about the same time, one of the Justices of Assize. When King James came to the Crown, he not only continued him in his Baron’s place, but conferred on him, July 23, 16038, a little before his Coronation, the honour of Knighthood, being one of the Judges who were to attend that solemnity. He died at London, Feb. 2, 1606, aged sixty-one, and was buried in St. Dunstan’s Church in the West, in Fleet-street ; his heart being carried to Methley Church, in Yorkshire, and buried in the south aisle there, and a monument erected over it, with the figure of the deceased, cut in stone, in his Judge’s robes, and the following inscription :

Page 138


Ex uxore secunda, Elisabetha, filia Thomas Wentworth, de Elmshall, in Co. Ebor. Armig. habuit Johannem Savile, superstitem, prefati Fratris sui successorem et heredem pro- pinquum, et Helenam, que in minovie etate obiit.

Page 139


for him, and would have advanced him either in State or Church, but he declined it, and only accepted of the honor of Knighthood from him at Windsor, September 21, 1604. About that time, losing his only son, he thenceforth devoted his time and fortune to the interests of learning. In 1619, he founded two Lectures, or Professorships, in the University of Oxford, one for Geometry, and the other for Astronomy, which he endowed with a salary of £160 a year each, besides a legacy of £600 for purchasing more lands for the same use. He also furnished a library with mathematical books, near the Mathematical School, for the use of his Professors. He gave £100 to the mathematical chest of his own appointing ; adding afterwards a legacy of £40 a year to the same chest, and to the University and his Professors jointly. He gave likewise £120 towards the new building of the Schools; several rare manuscripts, and printed books to the Bodleian Library, and a good quantity of matrices, and Greek types, to the Printing-press at Oxford. Part of the endowment of the above Professorships was the manor of Little Hays, in Essex, as appears from Morant, vol. i, page 41. Sir Henry died February 19, 1621-2, at Eaton College, and was buried in the Chapel there, on the south side of the communion table, near the body of his son Henry, with this inscription over him, on a black marble stone: ** Hic jacent ossa et cineres Henrici Savill, sub spe certa resurrectionis ; natus apud Bradley, juxta Hallifax, in Com- itatio Ebor. Anno Dom. 1549, ultimo die mensis Novembris; obiit in Collegio Etonensi, Anno Dom. 1621, 19 die mensis, A sumptuous monument was also erected to his memory on the south wall, at the upper end of the choir of the Church, adjoining to Merton College, with the following inscription :


-- { Mertonensis Custos, Collegit

Page 140


Quibus collegium utrumq; Q. Academiam imprimis Oxoniensem complexus est, Ipsumq ; adeo Mvndvm habet sibi debendi revm, Affectvs insvper

Page 141


Forther I woulde understande if my Lord’s Grace be aboute to print Roger Howden, Maulbesburie, and Huntingtone, and in what forwardnes they be. Good owlde Frend lett me have your letter in the premisses, and, God willinge, it shall be recompensed or it be longe; and I must forther desire you to have answere by this bearer at this time.

From Halifaxe, this first of May, By your lovinge Frende,


Page 142


4, Sir Henry next published a fine edition of St. Chrysos- tom’s Works, with this title in the middle of a well-engraved copper-plate Johannis Chrysostomi Opera,

Page 143


6. Nazianzen’s Steliteutics, 1610. Towards this, he was favoured with the MS. Epistles of Nazianzen out of the Bodleian Library, which was a singular courtesy, and done because of his affection to the storing, and preserving of the Library. Oldys’ Brit. Libr. 247. 7. Xenophon’s Institution of Cyrus, Gr. 1613, 4to. 8. Prelectiones tresdecim in principium Elementorum Euclidis, Oxonie habite. Oxon, 1621, 4to. These were his own Lectures ; some of them when he was Junior Master. 9. Oratio coram Regina Elizabetha, Oxonie habita An. 1592, published by Mr. (afterwards Bishop) Barlow, in 1658, from the original in the Bodleian Library, and also by Dr. John Lamphire, in the second edition of Monarchia Britan- nica, Oxford, 1681, 8vo. 10. Latin Translations of K. James the First’s Apology for the Oath of Allegiance. 11. Six Letters of his, wrote to Hugo Blotius, and Sebastian Tengnagelius. Lambecius, vol. 3. 12. Four Letters of his to Mr. Camden. Camdeni Epistole, &e. 18. One Letter of his, 4th vol. of Strype’s Annals. Be- sides these, it should be remembered, that he was concerned in the new Translation of the Bible, now in use, done by the command of King James I. being one of the eight persons at Oxford who undertook to translate’ the four Gospels, Acts, and Revelations. He also left behind him several manuscripts, some of which are now in the Bodleian Library, such as, 1. Orations, 2. Tract of the Original of Monasteries. 3. Tract concerning the Union of England and Scotland, written at the command of King

Page 144


useful learning, and universally well spoken of by all disin- terested Scholars. There is a painting of him in the Picture Gallery at Oxford.


Younger brother to Sir John and Sir Henry just mentioned, born likewise at Over Bradley, in Stainland, was admitted Probationer Fellow of Merton College, in 1580, and after- wards proceeding in Arts, he went abroad, and travelling through various countries, improved himself in several parts of learning. After his return, he became, through the in- terest of his brother, one of the Fellows of Eaton College, where he did credit to his brother’s choice, being reckoned amongst the first rate Scholars. He was made Proctor of Oxford, April 5, 1592, and died the 12th of January follow- ing, at London; from whence his body was removed to Oxford, and interred with great solemnity in the choir of Merton College Church, the following eulogium to his mem- ory, being entered in the Register of that House:

Page 145


took the Degree of M.A. Being all this time under the inspection of P his kinsman, he became an eminent Scholar, especially in the Mathematics, Physic, (in which faculty he was admitted by the University to practise, )

Page 146



Of Sowerby, published a book called

Page 147


the Church of £200 per annum, but having some scruples. about conformity, he declined it.

Page 148


Over the first pillar,

Page 149


Page 150


Visitors every day, but what will be done at their comming wee cannot guesse.

Page 151


probably with an intent to rectify his father’s notions; and one Dr. Maud, who had frequent disputes with the Arch- bishop’s father about predestination, asking him, how he liked his son’s discourse ? the old man replied, in his usual way when he asserted any thing with earnestness, ‘‘I pro- fess he has done more harm than good.” The following anecdote was told by the late

Page 152


Church, in Dublin, Pro Vice-Chancellor of the University of Dublin, and Bishop of Elphin, to which he was consecrated September 28, 1639; but this he did not long enjoy, on account of the rebeliion which soon after broke out. Sir James Ware, in his History of the Irish Bishops, page 635, says, that on the 16th of August, 1645, he delivered the castle of Elphin into the hands of the Lord President of Connaught; his son, Captain Henry Tilson, who was Gov- ernor of Elphin, having just before joined with Sir Charles Coot in opposition to the King’s interest. And about the same time, his library and goods were pillaged by Boetius Egan, the titular Bishop of Elphin, his damages amounting to the sum of four hundred pounds. He himself fled for safety into England, and settled at Soot- hill-hall, in the parish of Dewsbury, where some of his relations lived, and where he resided three years, intending to have returned, but never did. Having thirteen persons, however, in his family, and being stript of his income, he was obliged to have recourse to such means for subsistence as his station in the Church put in his power; for this purpose he consecrated a room in the said Hall, called to this day the Bishop’s Parlour, where he privately ordained, and did weekly the offices of a Clergy- man, some of his neighbours being both hearers and bene- factors to him; till Sir William Wentworth, of Breton, out of compassion to his distressed circumstances, employed him to preach at Comberworth, allowing him a salary to support him. Thus was this Prelate obliged to stoop to become a country Curate! The following extract from the Register belonging to Dewsbury Church, shews when and where he was interred.

Page 153


Nati Ao 1576, juxta Halifax, In Agro Eboracenci, Denati 31 Die Martii, A° 1655, in eodem Agro. Viri ob Eruditionem et Pietatem Insignis. Parentis charissimi Nathan Tilson. Hen. F. Hen. N.”’

The Arms on this monument are, Or, a bend cotised be- tween two garbs azure, charged with a mitre of the field, which are so like the Arms of Tillotson, that one would almost imagine that their names, if not their families, were

originally the same. I have credibly been informed, that the late James

Tilson, Esq., who died at Cadiz, said this Bishop’s family came originally from Tilston, in Cheshire; if so, they were

absolutely the same. For a nephew of the Bishop’s, see Walpole’s Anecdotes of

Paintings, vol. iii., p. 108, edit. 1763. The Tilsons long farmed Soothill-hall; they were there in


Was Schoolmaster at the Free Grammar-school, near Hali- fax, and published a Sermon, preached at Selby, in Yorkshire. Wright, page 25, calls him Matthew.


Was M.D. Rector of Little Chart, in Kent, and some time Curate of Luddenden Chapel, in this parish. Having had his house at Little Chart broke open and plundered, he was so terrified with what was done, that he durst not live any longer in that neighbourhood, but removed to Ackworth, near Pontefract, in Yorkshire, where he died, Oct. 19, 1767. He published, “An Essay on Ciconomy,” (of which he printed four editions, chiefly to give away.) ‘‘An Essay upon

Page 154



The Author of this* book, was the eldest son of Legh Watson, by Hesther, daughter, and at last heiress, of Mr. John Yates, of Swinton, in Lancashire. He was born in the township of Lyme-cum-Hanley, in the parish of Prestbury, in Cheshire, March 26, 1724, O.S. and having been brought up at the Grammar-schools of Kecles, Wigan, and Manchester, all in Lancashire, he was admitted a Commoner in Brazen-nose College, Oxford, April 7, 1742. In Michaelmas Term, 1745, he took the Degree of B.A. June 27, 1746, he was elected a Fellow of Brazen-nose College, being chosen into a Cheshire Fellowship, as being a Prestbury parish man. On the title of his Fellowship, he ordained a Deacon at Chester, by Dr. Samuel Peploe, Bishop of Chester, December 21, 1746. After his year of Probation, as Fellow, was ended and his residence at Oxford no longer required, he left the College; and his first employment in the Church, was the Curacy of Runcorn, in Cheshire; here he staid only three months, and removed from thence to Ardwick, near Manchester, where he was an Assistant Curate at the Chapel there, and private Tutor to the three sons of Samuel Birch, of Ardwick, Esq. During his residence here, he was privately ordained a. Priest at Chester, by the above Dr. Peploe, May 1, 1748, and took the Degree of M.A. at Oxford, in Act Term, the same year. From Ardwick he removed to Halifax, and was licensed to the Curacy there Oct. 17, 1750, by Dr. Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York. June 1, 1752, he married Susanna, daughter and heiress of the late Revd. Mr. Allon, Vicar of Sandbach, in Cheshire, vacating thereby his Fellowship at Oxford. September 8, 1754, he was licensed by the above Dr. Hutton, on the presentation of George Legh, LL.D. Vicar of Halifax, to the Perpetual Curacy of Ripponden, in the parish of Halifax. Here he rebuilt the Curate’s house, at his own expence, laying out above four hundred pounds upon the same, which was more than a fourth part of the whole sum he there received, notwithstanding which, his worthy suc- cessor threatened him with a prosecution in the Spiritual Court, if he did not allow him ten pounds for dilapidations,

which, for the sake of peace, he complied with. * Watson’s “ Halifax,” 4to., London, 1775.

Page 155


February 17, 1759, he was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in London, being invited to accept of that honour by the Right Hon. the Lord Willoughby, of Parham, President of that Society.

July 11, 1761, he was married at Ealand, in Halifax parish, to Ann, daughter of Mr. James Jaques, of Leeds, Merchant. August 17, 1766, he was inducted to the Rectory of Men- ingsby, in Lincolnshire, being presented thereto by the Right Hon. Lord Strange, then Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster, which he resigned in the year 1769, on being promoted to the valuable Rectory of Stockport in Cheshire. His presentation to this, by Sir George Warren, bore date July 30, 1769, and he was inducted thereto August the 2d following. April 11, 1770, he was appointed one of the Domestic Chaplains to the Right Hon. the Earl of Dysart.

April 24, 1770, having received his Dedimus for acting as a Justice of the Peace in the county of Chester, he was sworn into that office on that day.

He has published, 1. a Discourse from Philipp. iv. 5. preached in Halifax Church, July 28, 1751, intitled, Moder- ation; or, a candid Disposition towards those that differ from us, recommended and enforced: with a Preface, con- taining the reason of its publication. The first impression of this being quickly sold, it passed through a second edition.

2. An Apolygy for his Conduct yearly, on the 80th of January, printed at Manchester, in 8vo. and annexed to this, is a Sermon preached in Ripponden-

Page 156


5. A mistaken passage in Bede’s Eccles. Hist. explained ; read Feb. 27, 1766, Arch. i., p. 221. 6. Druidical Remains in or near the parish of Halifax, discovered and explained ; read Nov. 21,1771. Arch. ii., p. 353. This last is reprinted in the History of Halifax, with alterations. Also several other fugitive pieces of his have been pub- lished in different periodical Papers without his name;

Page 157


Tutor to Henry Prince of Wales, eldest son of King James I. He was afterwards President of Magdalen Hall, and finally, President of Magdalen College. It seems that the Doctor fled from Oxford the Parliament, and was deprived of his Presidentship.


Born at Blackburn, in Lancashire, August 12, 1707, was educated in the Grammar School there founded by Q. Eliz. about 1567 ; took the Degree of B.A. at St. John’s College, Cambridge; was several years Curate of Halifax, which he left in the year 1750, being then presented to the Curacy of Ripp He died in June 1754, having wrote Antiquities of the Town of Halifax, in wherein is given an account of the Town, Church, and twelve Chapels, the Free Grammar School, a List of the Vicars and School-masters ; the ancient and customary Law, called Halifax Gibbet Law, with the names of the Persons that suffered thereby, and the Times when; the public Charities to Church and Poor; the Men of Learning, whether Natives or Inhabitants ; together with the most remarkable Epitaphs and Inscriptions in the Church and Church Yard. The whole faithfully collected from printed Authors, Rolls of Courts, Registers, Old Wills, and other authentic Writings.” Leeds, 1738. With a Pre- face. It is remarkable that Mr. Wright was my immediate pre- decessor in both the Curacies of Halifax and Ripponden, and that we have both wrote the Antiquites of Halifax.


There is in this [Halifax] church an antient and very curious wooden cover to the font, which font the register tells us was re-erected in 1660. Also the royal arms, placed between the body of the church and the chancel, and

Page 158



Page 159


passant or. [Some of these are now left out, and the arrangement is totally different.—J.H.T.] After these follow

Page 160


time. If he was Vicar, I take him to have been the first parish man who was presented thereto. 5.

Page 161


of Halifax; what Mr. Wright says therefore of the time of his institution must be false, as must also the account of the time of the institution of Thomas Eland. It is also remarkable, that amongst the testamentary burials at Halifax, inserted in Torr’s manuscript, at York, it is said that Thomas Wilkinson, Vicar of Halifax, made his will June 1, 1481, and left his soul to God Almighty, Saint Mary, and all Saints, and ordered his body to be buried in the parish church of St. John Baptist, Halifax. Arms of this Vicar, Gules, a fess varie, in chief an unicorn currant, argent, armed between two roses or, in a

Page 162


These arms do certainly belong to the name of Taylor; but Plot, in his History of Staffordshire, page 296, has given ws the following, from the chapel of Barton, in the said county, built by the Doctor himself, viz. Sable, on a chevron argent, three violets slipt, the flowers of the second (Q.?) the stalks and leaves or, between three children’s heads couped at the shoulders, also of the second haired, and vested of the third, in a chief of the same a @ azure, be- tween two roses gules, seeded of the chief. Now if these were really the Doctor’s arms, by what authority are the others put up here? This gives one a suspicion about some of the rest. The reader, however, has them as I found them. 12. Dominus

Page 163


He was buried at Halifax, 17th February, 1558, as by the Register there; but Mr. Wright says, 15th February, 1559.

Page 164


Page 165


Arms, Parted per pale, argent, three eagles with two heads displayed sable and vert, three dolphins naiant proper, two and one, each coat dimidiated.—For an account of this Vicar, see my list of the most considerable persons belong- ing to this parish.

Page 166


polluted, that the communicants of the parish were loth to drink out of them. 4.—That he did not observe the last fast (proclaimed upon the Wednesday) but on the Thursday, because it was an holiday. 5.—That he retained one Stepheson in one of the chapels of ease, who was a man of ill-life and conversation, viz. an adulterer and a drunkard. 6.—That he did not catechize according to the parish canon, but only bought many of Dr. Wilkinson’s catechisms, for every of which he paid two-pence, and sold them to the parishioners for three-pence, without any examination or instruction for their benefit. And that he, when any commissions were directed to him to compel any person in his parish to do penance, exacted money of them, and so they were dismissed, without inflict- ing any penalty upon them, as their censure was. And that he and his servants used divers menaces to his parishioners, and that he abused himself, and disgraced his function, by divers base labours, viz. ‘‘he made mortar, ‘‘having a leathern apron before him, and he himself took a ‘‘tythe pig out of the pigsty, and afterwards he himself gelded it.”’ And when he had divers presents sent him, as by some flesh, by some fish, and by others ale, he did not spend it in the invitation of his friends and neighbours, or give it to the poor ; but sold the flesh to butchers, and the ale to ale-wives. And that he commanded his curate to marry a couple in a private house without any licence; and that he suffered divers to preach, which peradventure had not any licence, and which were suspected persons and of evil life. But how far these charges were true does not appear, a prohibition having been granted in the case. Arms, Gules, on a chevron ingrailed between three trefoils slipt argent, a mullet sable. 19.—Hvuen Ramspen, B.D. educated likewise at Merton College, of which he was Fellow. He was baptized at

Page 167


inscription to his memory in the epitaphs belonging to Halifax church. The Register there has this: ‘*

Page 168


The character he gives of him is, that he was a man of good parts, a solid serious Preacher, of a very humble be- haviour, and very useful in his place; that he lived desired, _and died lamented. I have somewhere seen that after the removal of Mr. Root, Halifax was served, till the return of Dr. Marsh, by stipendiary Priests, which from several circumstances, I believe to be true.

Page 169


He died December 28, 1711, and was buried in the chancel at Halifax, the 31st following. For the inscription over him see the Epitaphs.—Arms, Gules, a fess vaire, in chief an unicorn passant or, in a bordure. 25.

Page 170


He did honour to his profession as a Clergyman and Christian.—He was esteemed when living, and in death

Page 171


A Mr. Mitchel was hired in 1669, by the consent of the town and parish, either as Lecturer, or Curate, but probably the former; however the Vicar at present chuses both, by custom.



HE method I shall observe herein will be to give those belonging to each respective family apart, in an alpha- betical manner, that they may be sooner found by inspection.


On a stone of blue marble* in the South Chapel: ‘‘ Under I this marble is interred the body of the reverend and learned James

Page 172



Near the font, on a marble monument in the north wall :

Page 173



In the north-east corner of the Quire, is erected a neat monument, with the following inscription : Sacred to the Memory of

Page 174


Tradition says, that. the above four lines were composed by Archbishop Sharp, when a scholar at Bradford school, which is probable enough, as they seem to be the composition of a school-boy.


On a marble monument upon the wall of the south side of the Chancel.

M. 8. Hic juxta conditur Quod reliquum est Dun, Filii

Page 175


The above, Mr. Wright, page 180, says, he was told was drawn up by the ingenious Mr. Nicholas Sanderson, Professor of Mathematics in the University of Cambridge. In English.* Near this place lie the remains of Joshua Dun, son of Joshua and Mary Dun, of Halifax, student of Christ College, shedding a lustre on it and the University while he lived at Cambridge, and at his death deservedly lamented :—In the flower of his age, he was endowed with those qualities which render a character truly respectable. Though born with a propensity for universal literature, he excelled chiefly in the healing art; in which he made so amazing a progress as to become very skilful in that faculty. To sum up all, he seemed born to relieve the distresses of his fellow creatures, had not divine wisdom thought fit to release so great a man from the ties of mortality at so early a period. Being taken with the small-pox, after an illness of 12 days, he finished life on the 13th of September, 1709, aged 25, with a character hardly to be equalled by posterity. Near his grave rests his Father, Joshua Dun, who died August 17, 1715, aged 80; as also his Mother, Mary Dun, who died April 5, 1729, aged 87.


On a gravestone in the chancel: ‘‘ Hic Dormit

Page 176


How weak the monument we raise, To equal his deserved praise ! Whose soul was undismayed by death, And faithful to his latest breath. Reader, pursue him to the skies, Who shalt, like him, in glory rise.

On a pillar on the south side of the quire is a monument, erected to the memory of the above Dr. Favour, who is placed as in a pulpit, drest in his robes, and in an attitude of preaching, with one hand on his breast, and the other on a skull, which rests on the cushion before him.

Jo. Favour, LL. Doct. Medici peritiss. et hujus Keclesiz Pastoris vigilantissimi.

Page 177


Wright, p. 180, 181. [After ‘‘35 years,” read

Page 178


Their Children were John, William, James, Elizabeth, and Ann, who, with theit Parents, are all buried in this Quire: where also is interred Mrs. Elizabeth Kirke, twin-sister of Mrs. Frances Kirke: She died in January, 1756.

This monument was erected with every sentiment of gratitude and respect, by the executors of William Greame last mentioned, who was a Captain in Sir George Savile’s Batalion of Militia. An amiable and benevolent temper, joined to an uncommon penetration, and a clear knowledge of men and things, rendered this gentleman a truly valuable member of the community, and of course be- loved and honoured. In December 1764, he married Dorothea Zouch, youngest daughter of Charles Zouch, late Vicar of Sandal- magna, and died on May the 27th, 1776, aged 36. Frances, his only child, who was born about three months after her Father’s death, is now (1769) living.


On a monument in the north west corner of the church: ‘‘Near this place is interred

Page 179


inspiranti retribuit, 5° die Augusti, 1685. Quem tuetur ac diligit Deus, Juvenis supremum mortis intrat limitem.” On another stone in the chancel: ‘‘Queris advena, quid hac abdita incarceratur urna,

Page 180


forth of the Five-mile Act he removed to Shibden, near Halifax; and that he and his wife had lived together forty years, and died within two hours of one another in Jan. 1668-9.” Mr. Wright adds, that he had likewise been Vicar of Huddersfield, and died at Shipden-Hall.


On a marble monument in the chancel: ‘‘ P. M.

Page 181


College on earth to that of Jesus in Heaven, Aug. 12, 1687, aged 24.” Near the above.—‘‘Ann Hooxg, sister to Matilda, died Dec. 15, 1667, An. 20. The younger died before the older, who (impelled by a sacred emulation) too quickly followed. Unmarried on earth they are united above. In a state of lasting virginity they rejoice for ever with their God.

Page 182


the above mentioned Tho. Holdsworth, who departed this life the 25th of October, 1710.”


On a stone in the Church-yard, near the sun door, round the border: ‘‘ Hie jacent Anna, ArrHur,

Page 183



Dr. Johnson in his MS. Collections for Yorkshire, sais, that in Halifax Church was the following, in antient characters

Page 184


The gospel loud invites us to rejoice, Who wou’d not hearken to a Saviour’s voice ? His dear requests with pleasure we obey, And wait the morning of a happier day.

In the same grave is interred the body of Mary, widow of the said James Lister. She died Jan. 5, 1756, aged 79.

Bless’d are the dead proclaims the voice above Who die in Christ, abiding in his love. They rest from labor in the peacefull tomb, Shall rise to glory in the life to come. J.L.

Page 185


Had Heav’n vouchsaf'd to hear thy parents’ pray’r, Their sad sepulchral rites had been thy care ; Impartial wisdom did the wish deny, And took thee earlier to a world on high.


On the wall in the north chapel:

Page 186



On a grave-stone in the north chapel: ‘ Hic jacet Uxor

Page 187


viguit, quicquid est, quod in aliis aut suspicimus eruditi, aut quod veneramur sancti, literarum perinde decus pietatisq ; exemplum per duo preter propter annorum lustra memor stationis munerisq ; sui huic summopere invigilabat

Page 188


he rendered his soul into the hand of God, and calmly slept in Jesus, March 7, 1687. His brother Ramspen, Rector of Edgmund, Shropshire, erected this monument to his memory.


On a gravestone near the font: ‘‘P. M.*

Page 189


Page 190


This was put up in honour to his memory, as he was born in the neighboring parish of Bradford.


In the Chancel, round the border of a stone, in antient characters: ‘‘(Pray) for the (Sa)wl of

Page 191


the 29th of May, 1734, aged 82 years and 6 months. She was wife of the abovesaid Samuel Stead, Salter, 58 years and 6

Page 192



In the Chancel, in letters of gold, on a tablet, with the arms of the Archiepiscopal See of Canterbury impaled with his own:


Page 193


Or, a pile ingrailed sable, quartered with Savile, parted per pale quarterly, 1. Bosseville, of Gunthwaite. 2. Bendy of thirteen pieces, or and argent. 8....A lion rampant... over all a bend gules; fourth as first. Under these a scroll and motto, ‘Virtus vincint On the top of the tomb lay the figure of a man in armor, holding on his breast a shield with the same arms as above. On one side of his head were, on a shield, the arms of Waterhouse, on the other the coats of Waterhouse and Savile, quartered; on one side of his feet, Waterhouse impaled with Bosseville, and on the other, Waterhouse impaled with the same quarterings as are impaled in the shield on his breast. The above stairs were made in 1700. See Plate 3. In the middle isle of the Church, on brass plates, fixed to a seat near the pulpit, which are all torn off except the heads, a man kneeling, with a book in his hand, and opposite to him a woman kneeling, and a string of beads hanging down from her waist. On a label over the man, in old characters: ‘¢ Miserere mei Deus, et salva

Page 194


Que nata vesperi precedente Pascha, Anno 1723, febre per- quam maligna

Page 195


Doctor, the latter persuaded the other to shew him his licence, and when he had got it in possession would never suffer him to officiate any more.


July 12, 1402, John del Burgh, of Halifax, made his will, and left his soul to God Almighty, St. Mary, and All Saints, and ordered his body to be buried in the parish church of Halifax. Noy. 21, 1487, Henry Savyle, of Halifax, Esq; Soul and body as above. March 8, 1489, Richard Pek, of Southouram. Soul as above, body in the quire of the parish church of Halifax. April 20, 1459, John Sayvell, of Copley, Esq; Soul as above, body in the church, or church-yard of Halifax. June 1, 1481, Tho. Wilkinson, Vicar of Halifax, already mentioned. April 4, 1482, William Marshall, Rector of Kirk-Sandal. Soul as above, body in Halifax church. Feb. 8, 1484, Richard Waterhouse, of Warley. Soul as above, body in the church or church-yard of St. John Baptist, Halifax. April 29, 1510, Henry Savile, of Copley. Soul as above, body in the New Warke of Halifax. Feb. 15, 1580, Tho. Savile, of Bladeroyd, in Southouram.— Jan. 5, 1583, Thomas Savile, of Copley, Esq

Page 196


Page 197


In English. Here rests in christian hope, Perer

Page 198


manners, and sanctity of life have any claim to that character, during a term of more than 80 years. He was a faithful and vigilant Pastor over a christian congregation, and commended his soul to God July 27, 1731.”


From Dr. Johnson’s manuscript: ‘‘ Hic jacet sepultus

Page 199



In the Chapel-yard, over Henry

Page 200


deceased, and present possessor of Howroyde, Mrs. Mary Horton, who designedly omitted many deserved praises, lest some honour should thereby redound to herself,’ Arms, Horton impaling Musgrave. On a white marble monument near the Communion Table: ‘‘In memory of Thomas Horton, of Barkisland-hall, and Everilde, his wife, daughter of John Thornhill, Esq. of Fekisby, by whom he had six sons and five daughters, of which the only survivors were, Elizabeth, married to Richard Bold, Esq. of Bold, in Lancashire.’ Susanna, married to Richard Beaumont, Esq. of Whitley-hall, and Anne Horton, here interred, April the 22d, 1750. By whose order this monument was

Page 201


the grave-stones, which is an anagram upon one Maria Tailour, which it seems will make A mari alto rui, and then follows this observation, by way of allusion : seas of woes, which were due to my crimes Death snatcht me hence, to go to rest betimes.” There is also a couplet over one Elizabeth Brooke, which has been a little admired :

Page 202



1399, Joun

Page 203



OBERT SHAGH, buried in the church-yard of the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr, of Heptonstall, 1467, in the 7th year of the reign of Edward IV. This from a manuscript in the British Museum, Harleian Collection. No 797; and from hence may be seen, among numberless other instances which might be produced, what little distinction was formerly made in this parish, between the words church and chapel; they sometimes were certainly meant to convey the same idea, as where Richard Waterhouse, of Shelf, ordered by will, in 1617, some legacies to be paid in the chapel church of Coley. Laurence Stansfeld; of Stansfeld’s, Will, proved March 16, 1534, his body to be buried in the church or chapel of Heptonstall. George Wheatley, of Heptonstall’s, Will, proved August 25, 1586, his body to be buried in the chancei at Heptonstall, amongst the bodies of other faithful people. Registers at York. In the chancel, near the communion table, is the following epitaph in capitals:

Page 204


Hayford.—June, 1688, Hanson.—March 5, 1689, Walker.— 1694 and 1708, Robert Laycock.—Feb. 1713, Edward Waring.—Feb. 1719, John Metcalf.—Feb. 1748, George Braithwaite. N. B. Mr. Robinson’ abovementioned was one of the ejected Ministers. See Calamy, vol.

Page 205



Page 206


Page 207


who died the same day, in the 7th year of her age; also

Page 208


He was succeeded by John Hool, who was also Curate here in

Page 209



In the Chapel-yard: ‘‘ Here is interred the body of Mary, the mother of Colonel Guest, of Lidgate, in Lightcliffe, who departed this life Sept. 10, 1729, aged

Page 210


Page 211


James Bowker, who was banished for criminal conversation I with a daughter of Mr. Farrer, of Gatelands.—May 1676, Christopher Etherington, who died suddenly, January, 4, 1678-9, and was buried at Sowerby.—May 1679 and 1682, John Witter, who was buried at Sowerby, December 27, 1697, aged 66.—Benjamin Baron, or Berron, and son, held Sowerby and Sowerby Bridge.—The elder was afterwards Vicar of Bradford.—May 7, 1701, William Midgley, who died of a palsy, May 7, 1706, and was buried in Halifax church, aged about 30.—1708, Archibald Young, who was thrown out at York by the Inhabitants of Sowerby, and was afterwards Curate of Haslingden, in Lancashire.—1710, Richard Marsden, who left Sowerby that year. — 1711, Nicholas Jackson, who was buried at Sowerby, February 11, 1729.—May, 1730, John Sheffield, who died November 28, 1735, and was buried at Sowerby.—May 1786, Christopher

Page 212


Page 213


bovates, was to give for a bovate, and take fourpence half- penny at the feast of St. Andrew. The said tenants paid yearly, for two ploughs to plough the said eight’ bovates, eight-pence in the time of spring, and if they had more, they paid four-pence for every plough, except Peter, son of Will. who paid nothing. And the above, and all other householders who kept fires in the moiety of the vill of Fekisby, gave each for reaping 3d. at the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, except the said Peter; and there were then five houses which had fires; if they increased, they were to pay more, at the will of the lord. Lands granted from the waste of the said vill. Richard, son of Thomas, 4 acres, for 16d. Hen. son of Tho. 4 acres,

Page 214


gon of Alexander, one ten. half bov. 6 acr. for 5s. 5d. and said repair. Hen. son of John, one ten. half

Page 215


whole plough 4d. and for as many beasts as they should plough with, two oxen in one yoke, one penny, and for reaping one penny. Under the free farm of Northouram. The men of John de Eland for foreign service 8s. The men of sir John Thornhill, for the same, 4s. 6d. The forinseca

of Stainland, 2s. 9d. The pannage of Hipperholm, comuni- bus annis four pounds, and 4s. 6d. for take, and 38s. 8d. for plow work, 2s. for grinding, 3d. for Bakstones from one Tho. del Northend, 2s. 9d. for reaping, and an hundred shillings for perquisites of court. The rents which sir John de Eland receiyed yearly in the graveship of Hipperholme were of Will. de Sunderlande 19s. 1d. of John de Sunder- lande,

Page 216


in the common pasture 36s. 8d. In Soland. John de Hole was bound in all things as Will. de Townend above- mentioned, as were several others in this district. All the rents arising from seventeen tenants here amounted to 69s. ‘11d. ob. These paid to the lord for foreign service 2s. Rishworth paid foreign service to the same 12d. Out of which were paid to sir John Eland for his life 2d. yearly.

Warley. Here the men of Tho. de Langfeild, Matthew de Bosco, and John de Lepton; as also the men of Tho. de Thorneton, and Tho. de Thornhill, are said to pay the same foreign service money as already mentioned .in this survey after Skircoit and Norlande; and the tenants are said to hold their respective lands in this township, ‘‘ per servicium

de Sowerbye.” In the margin is wrote

Page 217


parcels of land (the whole being new improvement) in the graveships of Holmefrith, Wakefield, Stanley, Thornes, and Alverthorp, all which were parcel of the demesne lands of the lordship of Wakefield. He had also in the same letters patents, a grant of lands in the graveship of Bradford; to hold of the said queen,

Page 218


NUMBER of INHABITANTS in the PARISH of HALIFAX, in 1763 and 1764, &c.

In Halifax division, 1764. I Heptonstall division, 1764.

Page 219


The whole number of families in the above table, taken from the vicar’s Easter books, is 8244, and if we allow but five to a family, the amount will be 41,220; an amazing in- crease, if Camden’s information was any thing near the truth, which he received as he travelled through these parts, that the number of inhabitants in this parish was about twelve thousand men; in which yet Iam apt to think he was not very much mistaken; for in the certificate of the archbishop of York, and others, 2 Ed. VI. concerning chantries, &c. it is said, that “‘in the parrysh of ‘“ Hallifaxe the nomber of houslyng people is eight thousand five hund- red, and is a great wide

Page 220


Fixby are 54 families, where, in 1814, were only five houses which had fires, as appears from the extent above recited. As an addition to the above, it appears from the register book at Heptonstall, that there were baptised in the parochial chapel there for twenty years, beginning at 1741, 3714 children, and for twenty years before that period only 2375, so that there was an increase of 1339. Buried there in twenty years, beginning at 1741, 2220, and for twenty years before that period, only 1792, so that there was an increase of 428; the country must therefore, of course, have many more inhabitants in it than formerly ; a truth which is often attested by living witnesses. And these improvements have been made in some of the most wild and mountainous parts of that parish, which Camden has described to be

Page 221


of the prior of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in England, held at Batley, 41 Edw. ITI, 1367.


Page 222


Blenerhasset, of Carlisle. He took for his crest, a greyhound sab. bearing an hare proper. This John married Ann, d. of Will. Musgrave, of Hayton-castle, who died before his father sir Edward. By her he had William, who married Jane, d. of William Orfeur, of High-close. He purchased the advow- son of the rectory of Orton, and some remaining parts of the manor. He had John, who married Mary, d. of Tho. Braithwaite, of Burnside, in Westmoreland, esq: about 1582, by whom William, who died in 1687-8. He was member of parliament for the city of Carlisle, as several of this family had been successively before. He married, 1. Susanna, d. of sir Randolph Cranfield. 2dly. Susanna, d. of Francis Brown, merchant and citizen of London. By his first wife he had John, who died in 1690, having married Mercy, d. of Will. Johnson, of Ribblesworth, com. Durham, by whom, 1. William, who died s.p. John,-a justice of peace for the county of Cumberland, who married Catharine, d. of sir Richard Musgrave, of Hayton, in Cumb. bart. by whom, 1. Richard, who married Margaret, d. and h. of Tho. Lampleugh, of Lampleugh, esq. 2. John, of Crofton, D. D. who married Catharine, d. of John Hilton, of Hilton-castle, com. Durham, esq: by whom, 1. John; 2. Richard, killed in Germany; 8. Hilton, dead s. p. 4. Horton, 5. William Mus- grave, 6. James, 7. Catharina Maria, dead s. p. 8. Dorothy, who married. Jacob Morland, esq: 9. Margaret: William, 8d son of John, was a clergyman, and M.A., he married Margaret Langstaff, by whom, 1. Richard, and 2. William Musgrave, also, 8. Catharine, 4. Mary Horton, and, 5. Ann. Musgrave, 4th son of John, married Mary Fletcher Dyne, d. and h. of Edw. Dyne, of Lankhurst, in Sussex, esq; by whom, 1. Richard Horton, 2. John, 8. Edward Dyne, 4. Wastel; also a daughter, named Mary Horton, who died very young. James, 5th son of John, married, and had issue. Wastel, 6th son of John, married, Ist, Beckford, in Jamaica; 2dly, Campbell, no issue. Ralph, 7th son of John, married Dorothy Rowland, by whom Dorothy, and Anna Maria. Thomas, 8th son of John, died an infant. The said John had also four daughters, viz. 1. Dorothy, who married, Ist, Richard

Page 223


Page 224


I know not whether this family ever laid claim to any coat of arms, but the Deans, of Dean-house, in this parish, bore, Argent a fess dancy, in chief three crescents gules.


Shibden formerly gave name to a family, who on some account or other, changed their name to Drake. The following account of whom was drawn up from deeds and family papers by the late Mr. Drake, of York, author of the

Page 225


who married Hemingway, of Shibden-mills; 7. Esther, who married Humphry, son of Humphry Drake; 8. Grace. Nathan above named, second son of William, was a soldier in the civil wars, and served as one of the garrison of Pontefract-castle, for which he lost Godley,

Page 226


Bairstow, of Northbridge, near Halifax, by whom, 1. John, 2. Thomas, 8. Francis, M.A. of Christ’s College, Cambridge, s.p. 4. Samuel, 5. Daniel, who married the daughter of Holdsworth, by whom John. John, the eldest, married Mary, daughter of John Hoyle, of Hoyle-house, in Hipper- holme, by whom Thomas, s. p. Thomas, second son of John, was Rector of Thornton in Craven, and married, about 1625, Mary, daughter of Christopher Foster, of Leighbourn, in the Bishopric of Durham, by whom William, of Barn- oldswick Cotes, living in 1667, Justice of Peace for the West-riding, who married Mary, daughter of John Stilling- ton, of Kelfield, near York, by whom William, Thomas, Francis, John, Robert, Mary, Ursula, who married Henry Gill, and Margaret. William married Abigail, daughter of THES Yates, a Merchant, at Blackburn, in Lancashire, by whom William, Francis, Mary, Ann, and Abigail.

Page 227


Elizabeth, daughter of John Dixon, of Pontefract, by whom Francis and Margaret. This last Francis was Fellow of the Royal Society, Author of the

Page 228


opulent family of the name of Sir William Drake, which had been long settled there, and of which the famous sir Francis

Page 229


Burman-court, in Wakefield, unless for trespasses against himself; and that whatsoever goods should be bought of any burgess for him or his use, at certain rates, should be paid for within forty days, and pawnage for every hog 2d. and pig 1d. and to have commonage for all cattle but goats, in all woods, moors,

Page 230


‘to take Mortymer, syth that ye be keper of the castell, and

Page 231


wife, he had 1. Sir John de Eland, who had a son, name unknown, and Isabel. 2. Thomas de Eland, esq; 3. Henry, 4, Margery, 5. Isabel, and, 6. Dionysia. In the account of the feodary of the honour of Pomfret, of the lands and tene- ments in Eland in the hands of the lord, by the minority of the heir of Thomas de Eland, is £6 18s. 2d. for the term of Whitsontide, 1350. After the death of sir John de Eland, and his son and heir, sir John Savile, of Tankersley, pur- chased, in 13850, the wardship of Isabel Eland, daughtey of the said sir John, from the lord of the honour of Pontefract, for £200. See ‘‘Comput. seneschall. honoris de

Page 232


In the 31st of Edward I. a royal pardon was granted, at Dunfermelyn, to Richard, son of Will. de Ekclesleye, for the death of William, son of William de eye (here was a flaw in the parcliment,) the motive for pardon was, the good service which the said Richard had the king in

Page 233


his park, mill, and assarts, in consideration of twelve-pence yearly rent, the homage and land of Ric. his brother, and Basia, his sister, and receiving reasonable aid when he made his eldest son knight, or married his eldest daughter. Test. Hen. de Greetland, Henry de Crumwell, Richard, son of Hugh, Roger de Rastrick, and Hugh, his son. Thomas Pek, Chaplain, and Henry del Scolefeld, confirm to John de Eckylslay, and heirs, lands, &c., which they had of the gift and feofiment of John de Eckylslay, in the vill and territory of Southouram ; for want of issue to said John, then to Richard de Eckylslay and heirs, remainder to Thomas, son of John de Waterhouse, and heirs, remainder to right heirs of said John de Eckylslay, 2 Hen. [V.—Roger, son of Richard de Eklisley, grants by deed, without date, to Richard, son of William, his brother, lands called Le Croftys, and another parcel lying near the Grene. Test. Thomas de Thornhyll, and Matthew de Bosco.—Isabel, relict of Richard Eckilslay, of Burton, quit claims to John Beamonte, of Murefeld, Gentilman, her right of dower in a messuage called Kckilslay, in the vill and territory of

Page 234


An Henry Farrer had Henry, and John; the former of these who wrote himself Henre Faror, was of Eawood and Brearley, and was a Justice of Peace, as Thoresby, p. 196. in a pedegree of the family, tells us, 3% Eliz. or 1590: but I meet with Henry Ferrer, of Ewwod, and John his brother, in a deed 28 H. VIII, or 1536. This Henry purchased Clubcliffe, in Methley, of sir Edward Dymock, knt. built a great part of that house, and also Kawood. He married Mary, daughter of John Lacy, of Brearley; but having no issue, his estate came to his brother, John Farrer, of London, esq; according to Thoresby; but I find John Farrer, of Elfabrugh-hall, brother to Henry Farrer, of Eawood, 28 Hen. VIII, as above. This John, by Isabel...... had Henry, John, Charles, and (Thoresby

Page 235


Page 236


Page 237


Robert de Horton manumitted a bondman or villain to his manor of Horton, long before the days of Henry Lacy, last of that name, earl of Lincoln, who died in 1810, for the deed is very antient, and of a Saxon character; it is also certain that the Hortons had a manor house in Great Horton, and a mill, and certain demesne lands thereto be- longing, the scite of which house is known to this day, and some of the grounds bear the name of the Hall-lands. Hugh de Horton was lord of Horton in 1292, and one of the same name, probably the same person, had lands in Northouram in 1814. I have mentioned the earl of Lincoln here, because about the same time that he gave the honour of Pontefract to king Edward I. about 1293, and took the same honour in tail, this earl had inclosed three acres of the wastes or common of Horton, very near unto Bradford, for the attachment of his mill-dam, and for ease and liberty about his mill of Bradford; but concerning this inclosure, a dispute arose between him and Hugh de Horton, lord of the waste there, which was ended about 22 Edw. I. and it was agreed by writing indented, that the earl should have the three acres to him and his heirs, and should pay therefore to the said Hugh Horton and his heirs three shillings of rent, and that the said Hugh de Horton should warrant it against all his tenants of Horton. This parcel of land is known at present by the name of Tyrrels, and the 3s. are paid for the same to the lord of Horton. But when queen Philippa held the honour of Pontefract in dower, about 9 Edw. III. this rent was detained; whereupon Hugh Leven- thorpe, then lord of Horton, petitioned the queen for receipt of it, who referred the cause to Skergell and Neigham, her stewards of the honor, who charged a jury at Bradford to enquire of the right. These found that Henry Lacy did improve three acres of land in Little Horton, of the sale of Hugh Horton, then lord of Horton, which Hugh was grand- father to Hugh Leventhorpe, the petitioner. On this verdict, a warrant was made to the graves of Bradford to pay the rent to the lords of Horton, according to the first composition. In a MS. in my possession ‘is the following entry relating to this subject:

Page 238


Page 239


Page 240


August, order and direct us to exemplify and con-

Page 241


herald’s office, that the above arms belonged to the name of Horton, in Grafton’s alphabet, and he did not find the said arms to be claimed or borne by ‘any other family of that name, amongst the different arms and families of the said name of Horton. To this account of the arms of the

Page 242


William, eldest son of William above named, bought Howroyd, in Barkisland, where he lived, his residence be- fore this purchase having been at Firth-house, in that neighborhood. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Gledhill, of Barkisland-hall, by whom, 1. Thomas, 2. William, 8. Elizabeth, 4. Sarah, and 5. Judith; of these, William married at Ripponden, Dec. 12, 1700, Mary, fourth daughter of sir Richard Musgrave, of Heyton-castle, in Cumberland, bart. and died Feb. 19, 1715-6, having had, by the said Mary, two sons, viz. William Horton, of Coley, esq ; justice of peace, who was baptized at Ripponden-chapel, Feb. 11, 1702, and died in 1789-40. Richard, baptized at Ripponden, Noy. 11, 1706, and died at Howrovd, s. p. William, last named, married Mary Chester, by whom Mary, who died unmarried, und was buried at Eland, in June, 1769; anda son, who died young, of the small-pox, and was buried at Eland, in August, 1780. I have been well informed, that this child was a second time attacked by this disorder in the natural way, about a week after his recovery from the former, and died of it. Elizabeth, last named, married William Batt, of Oakwell, in Burstall parish, esq; by whom William, Gledhill, and Judith. Sarah, second daughter of William, married Alexander Butterworth, of Belfield, near Rochdale, esq ; by whom William, Alexander, and Elizabeth. Judith, youngest daughter of William, married Joseph Finch, of Weston Hanger, in Kent, merchant. She died in child- bed, in Kent, (after her husband’s decease,) Oct. 12, 1675, and the child and her were carried to London to be buried. She left six children. Thomas, eldest son of William, by Elizabeth Gledhill, was born April 2, 1651, and died Jan. 2, 1698-9, buried at Eland. His will is dated Dec. 20, 1698. He married, in 1672, Everild, daughter of John Thornhill,.of Fixby, esq ; by whom, 1. Elizabeth, who married Richard Bold, of Bold, in Lancashire, esq; who lived some time at Crawstone, in Greetland, and whose descendants are now in possession of Barkisland-hall, and whose coat armor is, argent, a griffin passant, sab. but see Guillim, p. 189. 2. Susanna, who married Richard Beaumont, of Whitley, in Yorkshire, esq ; a descendant of whom was married to the rev. John Watson, author of this book. 8. Gledhill, baptized at Ripponden.

Page 243


Dec. 31, 1685, and died young. 4. Ann, baptized at Rippon- den, Nov. 38,1687. 5. Thomas, baptized at Ripponden, May 9, 1689, who also died young; as also did, 6. Everild and William, two other of their children. Ann was interred at Eland, April 22,1750. Her father gave £5000. a-piece to her two sisters, and settled his estate, of £1100. per annum, on her, and her issue male, obliging her, if she married, to take an Horton, or one who should assume the name. Barkisland-hall, above-mentioned, was probably built

Page 244


He married daughter of Watmough, of London, M. D. and left his estate in Halifax to his eldest brother. (N. B. Joshua, Elkana, and Thomas Horton, three brothers, were all Gentlemen Commoners of Brazen Nose College, Oxford.) 7. Elizabeth, who died young. Joshua, the eldest surviving son of Joshua, was born at Sowerby, Jan. 22, 1657, and died Dec. 15, 1708, being buried in his chapel at Oldham church. He purchased Chaderton, and lived there. Feb. 27, 1678, he married Mary, daughter of Robert Gregg, of Bradley, or Hapsford, in Cheshire, who died Dec. 27, 1708, as it is said, of grief, for the loss of her husband, and was buried in the same place with him. By her he had thirteen children, of which I can only put down the follow- ing: 1. Thomas, who died young ; 2. Thomas, who succeeded to the estate; 3. William, baptized Oct. 12, 1686; 4. Sarah, baptized Jan. 6, 1687, who married Thomas Williamson, of Liverpool, Merchant. 5. Elizabeth, baptized May 28, 1689, who married William Williamson, of Liverpool, Merchant. 6. Mary, baptized Feb. 4, 1690. 7. William, baptized Sept. 27, 1692. 8. Joseph, s. p. baptized March 8, 1698. 9. James, baptized April 18, 1695, died unmarried. 10. Mary, s. p. baptized August 13, 1696. 11, Martha, who married Richard Clayton, of Adlington, in Lancashire, esq; on the 30th of Nov. 1697. 12. Jane, who married John Parr, of Liverpool, Merchant. Thomas Horton, son of Joshua, was born at Chester, May 4, 1685, and died March 18, 1757, at Manchester, buried at Oldham. He was Justice of Peace for Lancashire, and Governor of the Isle of Man for the earl of Derby. He married Ann, daughter and coheiress of Richard Mostyn, of London, Merchant, a younger branch of sir Roger Mostyn’s family, of Mostyn, in Wales. She died at Chaderton, June 17, 1725, and was buried at Oldham, in the 39th year of her age. By her the sgid Thomas had, 1. Mary, living and unmarried in 1774. 2. Sir William Horton, High Sheriff for Lancashire, in 1764, and before that an acting Justice of Peace for the county of Lancaster, created Baronet by patent, dated Jan. 19, 1764, died in Feb. 1774. 38. Ann, living and unmarried in 1778. 4. Jane, who died Oct. 24, and was buried at Oldham, Oct. 29, 1768. 5. Susannah, who married, March 24, 1742, George Lloyd, of Holme, near Manchester, esq; by whom several children. 6.

Page 245


Joshua, of Howroyd, in Yorkshire, who married, to his first wife, Ann, daughter of George Clarke, esq ; sometime Gov- ernor of New York, who died, s. p. May 25, 1764. Arms of Clarke, Azure, three escallops in pale or, two flanches ermine. To his second wife, Mary Bethia, daughter of the Rey. John Woolin, Rector of Emley, in Yorkshire, and Vicar of Blackburn, in Laneashire, by whom, 1. Thomas, 2. Joshua Sidney, and others. 7. Thomas, seventh child of Thomas, died young, at Castletown, in the Isle of Man. 8. Sarah, the youngest, is living and unmarried in 1773. Sir William above-named married Susanna, daughter and heir- ess of Francis Watts, of Barnes-hall, in Yorkshire, esq; by whom, 1. Sir Watts, 2. Thomas, and 8. William. N.B. The pedegrees of Horton, of Sowerby, and Horton, of Barkisland, which were drawn up by myself, I entered in the Herald’s office in London, March 1766, in a book intitled 5th D 14, p. 287. For an account of this family, see under Barkisland, as also for their arms. Sir William Horton’s motto was, Pro rege et lege. There are at two fine heads of Martha, wife of the above Joshua Horton, esq ; of Sowerby, and a portrait of her son Thomas, the Physician; also another of William, grandson of the said Martha. One of Joshua Horton, esq ; of Chaderton, in 1700, and Mary his wife, same date. Like- wise Thomas Horton, of Chaderton, esq; drawn in the character of Governor of the Isle of Man, sir William Horton, and his Lady, all three half lengths, by Hamlet Winstanley. Watts, son of sir William, by Henry Pickering, who also drew, at Howroyd, the portraits of Joshua Horton, of Howroyd, and both his wives.


At Rastrick lived

Page 246


men of the weapontake of Morley. He held lands in Rastrick, Skircoat, and Clayton, in Bradford-dale. I have the copy of a Deed without date, wherein Henry de Eland, father of sir John de Eland, grants to this

Page 247


Simon, all the land in Rastrick, which Leisingus, son of Eve, held, with the building thereon, and a messuage and other lands in Rastrick. This Hugh married Agnes...... by whom John de Rastrick and William de

Page 248


married Alice, daughter and heiress of Henry de Woodhouse, which Henry was son of Alexander de Woodhouse, who married Beatrice, daughter and heiress of Thomas de Totehill. By the said Alice the said John had ason, John Hanson, of Woodhouse, who married Cecily de Windebank, by whom John Hanson, of Woodhouse, who married Cecily, daughter of John

Page 249


named, married Hester, daughter and heiress of John Farnel, by whom John, and Thomas, who married. a daughter of Anthony Foxcroft, by whom Anthony. John, the elder brother, of Backhall, married a daughter of George Booth, of Snowden, by whom, 1, Thomas, 2. John, s. p. 3. Dorothy, who married Abraham Dyson, of Sunnybank; 4. George, of Backhall, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Stott, by whom John, Roger, Nathan, Esther, Robert, Rebecca, and Elizabeth; 5. Mary, who married John Dawson; 6. Esther; 7. Rebecca, who married Thomas, son of George Booth, of Snowden; 8. Sarah, and 9. Eleanor. Thomas, eldest son of John, married Martha, daughter of Nathan Gledhill, by whom John, who died an infant, Thomas, Nathan, Arthur, George, Edward, Joshua, Richard, Joseph, Mary, Esther, and Agnes. Edward Hanson, of Nether Woodhouse, second son of John, by Agnes Savile, was buried at Eland, Dec. 16, 1601, in the eighty-second year of his age; his will dated Nov. 30, 1601. He married, first, Joan, daughter of

Page 250


Rastrick, who married Martha, daughter of Edward Naylor, by whom John, and Roger. 38. John, of London, who married Frances, daughter of John Pritchard, by whom John, Thomas, and Edward. 4. Robert, of Rastrick, who married Sarah, daughter of William Thorpe; 5. Elizabeth, and 6. Judith. Arthur, fourth and youngest son of Jchn, by Agnes Savile, had 1. John, of Norwood Green, who had Edward, and John. 2. Edward, who had John, and Margaret, who married Richard Wilton. The following grant was in the hands of Mr. Roger Hanson, of Halifax: ‘‘ To all and singular unto whom these

Page 251


Brooke, (as above,) bore, Argent, on a bend sable, a lure, with a line and ring or. This was borne by Joshua Brooke, of Newhouse, in the township of Huddersfield, as appears by a seal appendant to a Deed dated in 1647. Kay, (as above,) bore, Argent, two bendlets sable. Prichard, (as above,) bore, Gules, a fess or, between three escallops argent. The following Certificate was granted to one Elias Ras- trick, said to be a descendant from the above ancient family. ‘‘Frater Andreas ab Arco, Ordinis Minorum, &c. in

Page 252


Page 253


Laurence, both slain in Ireland on one day; also Richard, who had John Hamerton, of the Peel, who had Laurence Hamerton, of the Peel, who had Stephen, who had John, of the same place. It was either the above Laurence, or his father John, who being a servant in the court of king Hen. VIII, got a grant from the Crown to himself and heirs of Hellifield Peel. Sir Stephen last named had a son Henry, who had two daughters. The arms of Hamerton, of Hamerton, in a folio collection of Pedegrees in my possession, are, Argent, three hammers sable, two and one. But another authority sais, Argent, a chevron between three hammers, sable. This last I take to have been born by Hamerton, of Munk-Rode.


Cromwelbothom was long the seat of the

Page 254


Leventhorp, near Bradford, in Yorkshire, esq; in whose right he was seized of Leventhorp. By her he had John, Leonard, and Ann, married to Edward Oldfield, of Halifax. John married, first, Ann, (one MS. sais Jane,) daughter of sir Richard Tempest, of Bracewell, knt. Secondly, Mary, daughter of Alveray Gascoign, of Garforth, near Leeds, s. p. By his first wife he had, 1. Richard, 2. John, who married

Page 255


Gisborn: 4. John, s. p. and 5. Margaret, married to Robert Bladen, of Himsworth, near Pontefract. Thomas is said to have married Ann, daughter of Roger Winckley, of Winckley, in Lancashire, by whom Thomas, who married, first, Ann, daughter of Adam Hilton, of Hilton, in Lancashire ; secondly, Winifred, daughter of sir Francis Armitage, of Kirklees, bart. By the first of these wives he had Roger, born in 1654, Thomas, Adam, John, Ann, and Ellen. What I know of the family of Cromwelbothom is this, that Oliver de Cromwelbothom married Julian, daughter of sir John Radcliff, of Ordfall, by whom John de Cromwelbothom, who had Robert de Cromwelbothom, who married daughter of Henry Leyburne, by whom Ellen, daughter and heiress, married to John Lacy, as above. I find likewise a Richard de Cromwelbothom a witness to deeds with John de Lacy, in 1298 and 1807. There was also an Ann, daughter of John Cromwelbothom, knt. married to Hugh Copley; possibly the John above- mentioned. Arms of Cromwelbothom, Argent, six ogresses, three, two, one. Of Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, Or, a lion rampant purpure, langued and armed, azure. But in the “ Visitation of York- shire, in 1584,” the Lacy’s arms are, Sable, a chevron between three bucks heads cabossed, argent, which 1 take to have been born by the Lacys of Dickering. They have been also allowed by the Heralds, to the Lacys, of Fowton, in the Kast-riding. It seems plain to me that the Lacys, of Crom- welbothom, descended from the earls of Lincoln of that name, and one proof arises from bearing the same arms; for though the said earls bore sometimes Quarterly, or and gules, a bendlet sable, a labal of five points of the second, yet their proper coat was, Or, a lion rampant purpure, as above. In the Harleian Collection of MSS. Ne 797, it is said that John Lacy, of Cromwelbotham, and Margaret his wife, passed a fine of the manor of Cromwelbothom to the heirs of said John, 80 Edw. I. but I find not who this Margaret was. The said MS. sais, from Will. Booth’s Register, fol. 4, that John Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, was buried in the parish church of Halifax, in 1474. The name of Cromwelbothom continued here after the match of John Lacy with the heiress of that name; for in the Pleas, 82 Edw. III. I find a claim of Richard Lacy, son

Page 256


and heir of John, against John, son and heir of John Crom- welbothom, and Agnes his wife, for eighteen acres of land in Southouram, removed by certiorari.


Gilbert, second son of John Lacy, of Cromwelbothom, married Isabel, daughter and heiress of Gerard Soothill, of Brearley, in the township of Midgley, near Halifax, who bore, Gules, an eagle displayed argent. By her he had- Gerard Lacy, of Brearley, who married Joan, eldest daughter of Richard Symms, who bore, Gules, a fess dancetté between three crosses bottoné fitche argent. By her he had, 1. Hugh; 2. Dunstan, a Priest ; 3. Williaa, who and

Page 257


in London; and Jane, who married Richard Halliwell, of Mansfield, in 1641. A black’s head, full faced and bearded, with a cap azure turned up or, on a wreath of his colors argent and sable, was granted for crest to Seth Lacy, of London, son and heir to Leonard Lacy, second son of Richard Lacy, of Bryerley, gent. by Robert Cooke, esq; Clarencieux.


The next owners of Shibden-hall [after the Waterhouses and were the Listers, whose pedegree is as follows : Samuel Lister, of Shibden-hall, died in 1632, leaving, 1. Thomas, 2. John, 3. Joseph, who died Dec. 27, 1644, leaving two sons, who died s. p. and Mary, who married Moses Jenkins. Thomas married, first, Sibyl, daughter of Robert Hemm- ingway, of Upper Brea, by whom Samuel, John, Thomas, and Mary. Samuel married Hester Oats, who died in bed by her husband, Jan. 26, 1692-8, aged sixty, leaving 1. Thomas, who died s. p. and was buried April 5, 1690, aged thirty-four; 2. John, who died s. p. and was buried Aug. 9, 1691; 8. Samuel, who died about 1702, having married, May 16, 1695, Dorothy Priestley, who married at Coley, Nov. 16, 1708, to her second husband, Richard Sterne, esq ; of Woodhouse; 4. Mary, and 5. Elizabeth. Thomas Lister above named married a second wife, by whom Joseph, who had, 1. Joseph, who married a daughter of sir John Jordan; 2. Catharine, 8. Elizabeth, and 4. Martha, who married William Walsham, esq; of London. None of these four had any issue. Thomas above named died in 1677, as appears from the following entry in Oliver Heywood’s Diary: ‘“ Jan.

Page 258


the second son was living in 1719, having married the daughter of William Issot, of Horbury, by whom, 1. Samuel,

Page 259


Page 260


married Mary, daughter of John Ramsden, of Rawden, by whom Richard, esq; who lived in the time of Hen. VIII. and married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Waterhouse, of Halifax, esq; by whom John, esq; who married Jennet, daughter and coheiress of Richard Watson, of Lofthouse, by whom William, esq; who married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Wilkinson, of Bradford, by whom, twelve children, viz. William, esq; Jonas, Fellow of University College, Ox- ford; Richard, Robert, Tempest, Maximilian, John; Bridget, married to Mark Hoppey, of Esholt; Barbara, to Richard Pearson; Grace, to Richard Rawlinson; Susan, to Michael Holdsworth; and Prudence, to John Ramsden. William, the eldest son, lived 20 Charles I, married, first, Jane, daughter of John Thornhill, of Fixby, esq; by whom William and Jane, who both died young; to his second wife, Susan, daughter of Mr. Rosethorn, widow of Radcliffe,.com. Lane. by whom William, esq ; who married Mary, daughter of George Hopkinson, of Lofthouse, by whom, 1.

Page 261


This estate called Rookes did once give name to a family, of which we meet with Richard de Rokes in 1318, and John del Rokis in 1862. Also John Rokes, de Rokes, in 1502.


Gilbert Saltonstall, of Halifax, 8

Page 262


In a large MS. Collection of Arms, in my possession, sir Richard Saltonstall, skinner, Lord Mayor of London in 1597, is said to have born, Or, a bend between two eaglets. displayed, sable; but in Thoresby, p. 236, they are, Argent, a bend gules, between two eaglets displayed, sable. It appears from various accounts, that several of the name of Saltonstall were officers of earl Warren for Salton- stall, and to them were divers parts thereof granted. In 1848, 17 Edw. III, John de Brownhirste surrendered in court two parts of a sixth part of Saltonstall, with the reversion of a third part of the said sixth part, which Isabel, mother of said John, held as dower; the moiety of which was granted to John, son of Thomas de Saltonstall, another moiety to Richard, son of Thomas de Saltonstall, and William de Saltonstall, and heirs. At Halifax, in 1876, John Cape surrendered a sixth part of Saltonstall to the use of Richard Saltonstall, and heirs. As the last earl of Warren and Surry died June 30, 1347, 21 Edw. III. it is plain, from the first of the two instances above, that the vaccary of Saltonstall was demised by copy before the lordship of Wakefield came to the crown. 6 Hen. IV. Ric. Saltonstall surrendered two sixth parts of Saltonstall, and half a sixth part, lying between Blakebrook, Depeclough, the water of Luddingden, and Hoore Stones, in Sowerby, to the use of Richard Saltonstall and heirs. 15 Edw. IV. this Richard surrendered the same to Gilbert Saltonstall his son, which Gilbert, 28 Hen. VII. surrendered the same to Richard Saltonstall, his son; after the death of which Richard, son of Gilbert, Richard Saltonstall, son and heir of the same Richard, 30 Hen. VIII. made fine of heriot for the said lands. This last Richard had issue Gilbert, who died before his father, leaving a son Samuel, who, after the death of Richard his grandfather, made fine of heriot, 40 Eliz. for the same lands.


Copley-Hall is famous for giving name to an antient re- spectable family, the first of which was Adam de Copley, slain when William the Conqueror laid siege to York, in the year 1070. He married Ann, daughter of Thomas Rish- worth, of Rishworth, near Halifax, according to a pedegree in Thoresby, p. 9, taken from Hopkinson’s MSS. but of

Page 263


Richard, as in an old MS. pedegree in my own possession. By the said Ann he had Hugh de Copley, who married Margaret, daughter of Richard Liversedge, by whom, 1. Rafe, 2. Richard, (as by the MS. notes to a copy of Thoresby, in the hands of Mr. Charles Barnard, of Leedes,) 38. Adam, called by Thoresby, Vicar of Halifax, but he should have said Rector, for that living was a rectory till the year 1278, and two hundred years could hardly have passed between the above first mentioned Adam, and his grandson. Lastly, Margaret, married to William Lockwood: Rafe, the eldest, married Jane, daughter of John Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, esq ; by whom Thomas, who married Margaret, daughter of Hugh Eland, of Eland, esq; by whom Adam, Robert, and Ann, who married John Exley. Adam married Ann, daughter of John Leventhorpe, of Leventhorpe, esq; by whom ‘Thomas Copley, of Copley, (not Batley, as in Thoresby,) who married Winifred, daughter of Thomas Mirfield, esq; (as in Thoresby, but my MS. sais Robert,) by whom, 1. Hugh, 2. Ralph, who had a place at court, and by his wife Mary, daughter and heiress of sir Richard Walsingham, of Suffolk, knt. had John, s.p. and Robert, commonly called Grosthead, or Greathead, the famous bishop of Lincoln. Lastly, Cicely, who married William Quarmby, of Quarmby. Hugh, the eldest, witness to a deed in 1824, married Ann, daughter of sir Robert Cromwelbothome, knt. (my MS. sais John,) by whom Thomas and Raphe, which last married, first, Ellen, daughter of John Rookes, of Rookes, esq; by whom Raphe and John, both s.p. 2dly,...... daughter of Adam de Batley, from whom the Copleys, of Batley. Thomas, the eldest, married, and had a daughter, Helen, who married Henry, second son of John Savile, by Margery, youngest daughter, and coheiress of Henry Rishworth, of Rishworth; and from this time this branch of the Saviles settled at Copley, which I take to have been about the year 1485, as in a will of that date at Howroyd, are mentioned Menry Savile, of Copley, and John, son of Henry Savile. The issues from this match are as follow: Henry Savile, above named, by the said Helen (or Ellen,) had John Savile, of Copley. Thomas, from whom the Saviles of Hollinedge, and Nicholas, from whom the Saviles of Bank, alias Blaidroid, in Southouram. John, the eldest, married Maud, daughter of Thomas Trafford, com.

Page 264


whom Thomas, who married Margaret, daughter of Henry Rushworth, of Coley-hall, by whom, 1. Henry, 2. Thomas, 3. Kdward, parson of Adley, in Suffolk, 4. Humphry, chap- lain to lord De la Ware, 5. Leonard, s. p. 6. John, s. p. 7. Jane, unmarried, and 8. Margaret, married to William Milner.

Page 265


Halifax, Feb. 11, 1585; 8. Thomas, of York; 4. John, an attorney, who married Isabel Law, by whom Robert. The above William had also three daughters, viz. 1, Jane, who died young, and was buried at Halifax, August 9, 1585; 2. Joan, and 3. Elizabeth. Henry, the eldest, was seven years old in 1585.

Page 266



The following is a Genealogical Account of this part of the Family of Savile. Some think that the family of Savile came into England with the Conqueror, and that they are inserted in the roll of Battle Abbey, by the name of Shevile; but others suppose them to have come with Geoffry Plant- aginet, because there are two towns of this name on the frontiers of Anjou, both which were annexed to the crown of England, when the said Geoffry married Maud, daughter and heiress of Henry I. It is looked upon to be a family of very great antiquity, being even supposed to be descended from the Sabelli, or Savelli, of Kome, which Richardson, in his Account of some of the Statues, &c. in Italy, printed in 1722, sais, was the most antient family in Rome. It was, it seems, extinct there a few years ago. The prince Savelli was, in 1747, guardian of the conclave of cardinals at Rome. Some of his ancestors were consuls at Rome before our Savior’s time. The family is even said to have existed three thousand years. The first I met with of this family in England, is sir John Savile, of Savile-hall, in Dodworth, near Barnsley, in Yorkshire, who married a daughter of sir Symon de Rockley, who bore lozengy, argent and gules, a fess, sable, Thoresby, p. 25. Ihave also met with argent, seven fusils, gules, three, three, and one, oppressed with a fess, sable. By her he had sir Walter de Savile, and John de Savile. Sir Walter married a daughter of Adam Ever- ingham, of Stainbrough, by whom, an only daughter, Elizabeth, married to sir John Everingham, knt. John Savile, brother of sir Walter, married about 1240, Agnes, daughter and heiress of sir Roger Aldwark, knt. who bore gules, a fess between six fusils, or. By her he had Henry Savile, who married Agnes, daughter and heir of John Golear, esq; by whom, Thomas, who

Page 267


such: but I have seen another belonging to the family, viz. argent, a fleur de lis between eight martlets, sable. By Agnes, his wife, sir John had John Savile, of Tankersley, esq; Elizabeth, married to Thomas Kay, and Margery, married to John Thornton. John Savile, esq; married Isabel, daughter and coheiress of sir Robert Latham, knt. who bore or, on a chief, azure, indented, three plates; by her he had sir John Savile, and Jane; married to Ashton, in Lancashire. Sir John married Jane, daughter of Matthew de Bosco (or Wood) by whom, John, and Margaret, Prioress of Kirkless, 32 Edw. III. John married Margery, daughter and coheiress of Henry Rushworth, of Rushworth, in Halifax parish, esq ; who bore argent, a bend sable, an eagle displayed, vert, and a cross crosslet of the second, according to one MS. but I find to the name of Alexander Rushworth, in sir William Fairfax’s ‘‘ Book of Arms for Yorkshire,” in the British Museum, argent, a cross crosslet, sable; also argent, a cross botoné fitché, sable; by her he had sir John Savile, of Tankersley, knt. and Henry, who married Ellen, daughter and heiress of Thomas Copley, of Copley, in the parish of Halifax, esq ; Sir John was high sheriff of Yorkshire 8d and 11th of Rich. II. and knight of the shire for the said county, 7th and 8th of the said king; he married Isabel, daughter and heiress of sir John de Eland, knt. (some pedegrees have it sir Thomas,) by whom, sir John Eland, knt. and Henry, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Simon Thornhill, of Thornhill, esq; who bore gules, two bars gemells, and a chief, argent. Also a daughter Jane, married to John Wortley, esq; Sir John last named married Isabel, daughter of Robert de Radcliffe, of the Tower, by whom, sir John Savile, knt. who married Isabel, daughter of sir William Fitzwilliams, knt. and a daughter Isabel, who married Thomas Darcey, second son to the lord Darcy; both these died s. p. Henry Savile above named had sir Thomas Savile, knt. in the time of Hen. VI. and a daughter Jennet, who married William Leeds, of Leeds, esq; s. p. Sir Thomas married Margaret, daughter of sir Thomas Pilkington, by whom, sir John Savile, of Thornhill, Eland, and Tankersley, who

Page 268


married to John Hopton, of Swillington, esq; Alice, to sir John Harrington, of Brearley, knt. and Elizabeth, to Edmund Aske, of Aston, esq; Sir John had three sons, viz. sir John, who married Jane, daughter of sir Thomas Harrington, of Brearley, knt. William, who died s. p. and Thomas Savile, of Lupset, esq; Sir John, the eldest, had sir John, who married first, Alice, daughter of Henry Vernon, esq; by whom no issue. Secondly, Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress (one account sais sister) of sir William Paston, of Woodnoth, by whom sir Henry, and three daughters, viz. 1. Ann, who married, first, sir Henry Thwaites ; secondly, Wiliam Thwaites. 2. Elizabeth, who married, first, sir Thomas Conyers, of Sackborn, knt. secondly, to Thomas Soothill. 38. Margaret, who married, first, Richard Corbet; secondly, Thomas Wortley, of Wortley, esq; Sir Henry, created knight of the Bath, 25 Hen.

Page 269


Conyers. 8. Cordell Savile, who married Mary, daughter and heiress of William Welbeck, of Sutton, com. Nott. esq ; 4, Bridget, married to Henry Nevile, of Grove. 5. Friswolde. Sir George abovenamed, a baronet, 9 James I. married, first, Mary, dan ghter of George Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury ;

Page 271


Bradley-Hall, the present owner of which is Savile, earl of Mexborough. It once was the seat of the Saviles, whose pedegree I have subjoined, and in all probability was a very considerable building; but only a small part of it now re- mains, sufficient for a farmer, but the ground about it shews, by its inequality, and by a number of stones lodged near the surface, that it has been more extensive. Over the gate are the figures 1577, and the letters I. 8. John Savile. On the kitchen wall is 1598. The chapel, being re-edified, serves the tenant for a barn; most of the tower also remains, and the whole has the appearance of a church to such as are travelling between Eland and Ripponden. The bells are said to have been removed from hence to Methley church, near which this branch of the Savile family have a seat. The chapel here, as Dr. Johnson sais, in his MS. Collections, was pulled down in the time of the civil wars, but the hall was burned down in 1629. There is a tradition in this neighbourhood about this fire, and it is likewise said, that it caused the family to remove to Methley. Henry Savile married Ellen, daughter and heiress of Thomas Copley, of Copley, by whom, 1. John, who married Maud, daughter of Thomas Trafford, of Trafford, com. Lanc. esq; from whom the Saviles of Copley; 2. Thomas; 3. Nicholas, who married Jennet Lacy. Thomas, second son, married Ann, daughter of John Stansfield, by whom, 1. John, from whom the Saviles of Hullenedge; 2. Thomas, who married Elizabeth Lady Waterton ; 8. Henry, Yeoman of the Guards; and 4. Nicholas, of Newhall, who married Margaret, daughter of William Wilkinson, by whom, amongst others, John, of Newhall, his eldest son, who married Margery, daughter of John Gledhill, of Barkisland, by whom amongst others, Henry of Bradley, his third son, living 8

Page 272


Inquisition 19 Edw. IV. of Wasts committed in the lord- ship of Wakefield, Tho. Sayvell, knt. held lands and tene- ments in Stainland, Berksland, and Northland, by soccage paying yearly 13s. 2d. Henry Savile, knt. and bart. died seized of a messuage called Over Bradley Hall, in Stainland, as by inquisition post mort. at Shirburn com. Ebor. 6 Sept. 8 Charles, 1632. Sir John Savile, of Methley, Baron of the Exchequer, son of Henry by Ellen Ramsden, and’ who died in 1606,

Page 273


John, who was Baron of the Exchequer. This Charles died June 5, 1741, aged sixty-five. On the monument is figure in a reclining posture, and his wife weeping over him. She died about Midsummer 1759. In Methley church, on the south side of a monument, is a long Latin inscription to Baron Savile above named, inti- mating, amongst other things, that he died Feb. 2, 1606, aged sixty-one, that his body was buried in the church of St. Dunstan in the west, and his heart at Methley, amongst his ancestors. On the north side of the said monument is

Page 274


Page 275


John was of Hipperholme, his will dated July 12, 1721. He married Mary who died in childbed of her first

Page 276


Ebor. by whom Thomas, Henry, Ann, who married Thomas Savile, Isabel, Jane, Klzabeth, and Mary. Thomas married Alice, daughter of John Savile, esq; by whom William, Robert, Richard, Henry, Julian, and Mary. William married Elizabeth, daughter of John Duckenficld, of Duckenfield, esq ; by whom James Stansfield, who removed to Hartshead, com. Ebor. in 1586, and married a daughter of...... Holden, in Lancashire, by whom Ashton Stansfield, Barrister at Law, who lived at Wakefield, and married a daughter of Philemon Speight, of Earls Heaton, near Dewsbury, by whom several who all died young. The Arms of Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, were, Sable, three goats trippant, argent, and were so painted in the chapel window at Heptonstall; but in

Page 277



High Sunderland, gave name to a family of which the following is the pedegree. Richard Sunderland, of High Sunderland, had Richard, who married Agnes, daughter of Rushworth, of Coley, by whom 1. Richard Sunderland, esq; Justice of Peace, and Treasurer for lame soldiers in the West Riding, buried at Halifax, June 25, 1684. 2. Abraham, of the Middle Temple, 38. Jennet, married to Robert Hemingway, and Agnes, to Robert Dean. Richard last named married Susan, daughter of sir Richard Saltonstall, Lord Mayor of London in 1597, by whom 1. Abraham Sunderland, esq; of High Sunderland, Barrister at Law, and Justice of Peace in the West-riding. 2. Samuel, born in 1600, who died s. p. in 1676, having married Ann, daughter of Edward Waterhouse, 8. Richard, 4. Robert, both died young. 5. Peter, who died s. p. December 24, 1677, 6. Susan, who married William Beilby, and Mary, who married Edward Parker, of Brows- holme.

Abraham the eldest married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Langdale, of Santon, in Yorkshire, by whom Langdale, and Ann, who died unmarried. Langdale Sunderland, esq; sold High Sunderland, and purchased Aketon, near Ponte- fract, to which he removed. He was captain of a troop of horse for king Charles I. and was at Marston-moor fight. He gave, in Oliver’s time, £878 composition money for his estate. He died in 1698, and lies buried in Fetherstone church ; his wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Thorn- hill, of Fixby, esq; by whom 1. Richard, and 2. Marmaduke, who both died young; 8. Brian, of Aketon, and 4. Abraham. Brian married Ann, daughter of Appleyard, by whom 1. Peter, 2. John, 3. Mary, 4. Elizabeth, and 5. Susanna. Peter sold Aketon to

Page 278


and Bryan. married, first, Mary, daughter of Robert Moor, of Midgley, by whom Abraham, and three daughters. Abraham married Susan, daughter of Ralph Waterhouse, by whom a son, who died young, therefore the estate descended to Richard Sunderland, of Coley. The above Richard, son of Abraham, married, secondly, Ann, daughter of John Rishworth, of Ridlesden, by whom Richard, of Coley, who married Mary, daughter of Alderman Salton- stall, of London, by whom Abraham, who had Langdale, who had Abraham and Bryan. Utrum horum mavis, accipe.

At the end of the third volume of Halifax Register is this Mem. “That I Henry Ramsden, Vicar of Halitax, did this ‘15th day of March, A.D. 1632, give unto Richard Sunder- of Coley, esq; in regard of his present weakness,

Page 279


mention of this family at all, notwithstanding, two years before, John, son of Henry de Fekisby, had conveyed some lands here to Thomas, son of Robert de Fekisby, and amongst the witnesses was William, son of Roger de

Page 280


(2.) Jordan de Thornhill, son of Askolf, is said, in Collins’s Baronetage, vol. 1. p. 157, to have had great possessions in Ovenden, Skircoat, Rishworth, Norland, Barkisland, &c. as by evidence, sans date, and that Hameline Plantaginet, earl Warren, owner of the manor of Wakefield, confirmed to him his inheritance in Sowerbyshire about 1169. This Jordan had (83.) Jordan de Thornhill, who lived about 1189, and was father of (4.) Sir John Thornhill, of Thornhill, knt. who (as I take it) was witness to a deed of Jordan de Scorchys, printed in the appendix to Stevens’s Monasticon, p. 258, and dated 1248. He is also mentioned in a deed at Kirklees in 1240. He married Olive de la Maie, by whom, sir Richard Thorn- hill, of Thornhill, knt. and John Thornhill, who married Marion, daughter of Mr. Richard Heton, of Mirfield. This sir. John (as already mentioned, p. 87) seems to be the person who granted ‘to William

Page 281


Thoresby, Joan, but Collins, in the supplement to his Peer- age, page 238, calls her Isabel, daughter of sir John Fitz Williams, knt. by whom, Simon, Thomas, Elizabeth, who married Henry Masters, of Kirklington, and another daughter, who married sir Henry Staunton, of Staunton, in Notting- hamshire. This sir Bryan, who stiled himself de Thornhill, knt. gave leave, by deed dated at Batley, in 1334, to Adam de Oxenhoppe, to assign over to William de Carlinghou, the chaplain, one messuage, two bovates of land, and thirty shillings rent, which the said Adam held of the said Bryan as parcel of the manor of Batley; and in consequence of this licence, and with the leave of the king, and William Melton, archbishop of York, the said Adam de Oxenhoppe founded a chantry in Batley church, for his soul, and the soul of Margery his wife, and for the souls of Robert his father, and Maud his mother, William de Copley, John, William, and Thomas, his brothers, and the souls of sir John de Thornhill, and Bryan his son, Thomas de Thornton, and Elen his wife, and John de Maningham, for all whose goods he had ill-gotten, and for all the faithful departed. He also founded a chantry in Bedal church, in Yorkshire, as appears from the following, taken out of a MS. in the herald’s office.

Page 282


title of Wadsworth, in the said MS. but without any date prefixed. Also under Skircoat with the above date, but without any name of the mother. She is cailed, however, by the name of Elizabeth, in some manuscript additions to Magna Britannia, by the late Mr. Lucas, of Leeds. By this Elizabeth, or Mary, Simon de Thornhill, esq; (called sir Simon

Page 283


8.) William Thornhill, of Fixby and Toothill, esq; seems. to have been at age in 1893, for Margaret, formerly wife of Richard de Thornhill, in her pure widowhood, and William de Thornhill, her son, joined in a deed for exchange of lands, dated at Fekisby, on Monday next after the Feast of St. Martin in winter, 17 Ric. IJ. I find him also in a deed, dated 1488, called William Thornhill de Fixby, esq; about which time it is probable that he removed to Toothill; for in the year following, William Leventhorp, son of John, and Katharine his wife, of Sabrige, in Hertfordshire, quit- claimed to him their right in the manor of Toothill, by the name, &c. of William Thornhill, late of Fixby, esq; He married Barbara, daughter of William Hopton, of Swilling- ton, by whom, Brian Thornhill, of Fixby and Toothili, esq; Robert, Richard, John, Laurence, Isabel, and Joan. (4.) Brian, married daughter of alderman of York, with whom he had lands at Akeham, near York. By her he had John, and a daughter named Dionis, who married William, or (according to a pedegree of the Stansfeld’s in the British Museum, N° 2118, fol. 144,) Henry Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, esq ; (5.) John de Thornhill married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Mirfield, esq ; by whom, William. In an heraldical MS. in the British Museum, N° 1052, fol. 80, this John is said to have descended of a third brother of the house of Thornhill; but this is overthrown by the inquisition men- tioned below. Mr. Thoresby has made a greater mistake in copying Mr. Hopkinson too closely, for he has entirely left him out of the pedegree, making William to be the son of Brian, and to marry Elizabeth Mirfield; but against this I have met with the following authorities: 1st, In the British Museum is a MS. N° 808, containing (inter alia) the sub- stance of an inquisition taken at York, 2 Rich. III. (it is there said through mistake, 2 Rich. II.) in these words:

Page 284


‘‘Mirfeyld.” S8dly, To put the matter out of all dispute, I have the copy of a deed, dated in 1459, wherein Brian Thornhill, of Fixby, esq: and others, feoffees to the use of the said Brian, give and confirm certain estates in Rastrick

Page 285


Thornhill, prebendary of Worcester, see Casley’s Catalogue of Mss. in the King’s Library, p. 38, where, after the mention of ‘¢ xii minores & liber Job, cum Glossis,” it is said, ‘‘ In fine manu recenti scribitur ; Liber Ecclesie Marie Wigorne, teste scriptore Guil. Thornhill, Eboracensi

Page 286


who printed a Catechism; Thomas, and another married to one Grantham. It appears from the register at Hartshead, that the above Everild, daughter of John, was baptized Sept. 11, 1651. Elizabeth, John, and George, are also registered there. This John was buried in 1669. (14.) George Thornhill, of Fixby, esq; who was baptized August 16, 1655, and died suddenly August 19, 1687, married Mary, daughter and heiress of Thomas Wyvill, of Constable Burton, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, esq; by whom Brian Thornhill, of Fixby, esq; Thomas, John, George, William, Michael, Marmaduke, Askolf, (these four last died

Page 287



Near this hill lived a flourishing family who took the surname of Toothill, the first of whom was Richard de Toothill, who had Thomas, Matthew, and Richard. Matthew had lands in the graveship of Hipperholm, in 1314, and was witness to a deed in 13837. He had John, who lived at Silkeley, and who had Hugh, (a witness to deeds in 1438) and John de Toothill, which Hugh had Thomas.

Thomas, eldest son of the first Richard, married Modesta and is said in a manuscript pedegree belonging to Thomas Thornhill, esq., of Fixby, to have had the lands of Isabel, relict of John Scot, and her daughters. Now it appears from several deeds without date, but which, as the witnesses shew were wrote about 1287, that this Isabel and her daughters granted to one John de Toothill, certain lands in Rastrick, called Linlands; this John, therefore is omitted in the above pedegree; and it is no farther certain who he was, than that Thomas was his heir, and that he occurs in ‘deeds before, and after the year 1300. Thomas, above named, had by Modesta, William, Hugh, John, and three daughters, the eldest of whom married...... Sanesmer, (or Sansmer,) the next de Hyle, and the youngest de Fleming, of Bradley. Most of these descents from Thomas, are proved from deeds belonging to the above Mr. Thornhill, in which William, son of Anabil de Rastrick, and Elen, his wife, daughter of John Scot, with Alice her sister, grant lands to Thomas de Toothill, for his life, and after his decease, to William, son of the said Thomas; and if Wilham died without issue, to John, son of the said Thomas; and for default of issue in the said John, to all his sisters. As Hugh is not mentioned here, he probably was dead, but his existence is proved from the copy of a deed in 1331, wherein Thomas de Tothill, grants to William de Tothill, and his heirs, remainder to John, brother of said William, remainder to Hugh, brother of said John, remainder to the sisters of said Hugh.

William de Toothill, son of Thomas, married Sibil, daughter and heiress of Thomas de Fekisby. Thoresby, p. 115, calls her Maud, but in a MS. in the British Museum,

Page 288


had in the lands which lately were Thomas de Totehill’s, in Fekisby, dated 1840. By this Sibil, he had Margaret, his - daughter and heiress, who being in her minority at the time of her father’s death, was in the custody, or wardship, of earl Warren. This Margaret married Richard de Thornhill, in the time of Edward III. and carried all her father’s estates into that family, where they still continue. Arms of Toothill, of Toothill, were, Or, on a chevron sable, three crescents argent; though, as I remember, the field is argent, on a monument in Eland church.


Haugh-End is for ever rendered famous, on account of that excellent Prelate Archbishop Tillotson, who drew his first breath here, and whose pedegree is as follows: Nicholas de Tilston, Lord of Tilston, in Cheshire, had John de Tilston, who had Nicholas de Tilston, 9 Edward III. who had John Tilston, of Tilston, who married Johanna, third daughter of Thomas Danyers, of Bradley, in Cheshire, by whom Robert Tilston, of Tilston, who had Roger Tilston,

Page 289


altered it. This Thomas Tilston, alias Tillotson, had George Tillotson, who married Eleanor, daughter of Ellis Nutter, of Pendle-forest, in Lancashire, by whom Robert Tillotson, of Sowerby, who was buried at Sowerby, Feb. 22, 1682-3, aged ninety-one, having married Mary, daughter of Thomas Dob- son, of the Stones, in Sowerby, by whom, 1. Robert, 2. John, the Archbishop, 8. Joshua, of London, and 4. Israel. John, the Archbishop, married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter French, D.D. Canon of Christ-church, Oxford, by whom Mary, who married James Chadwick, esq; Joshua, the younger brother of the Archbishop, had John, who died in the East-Indies, Elizabeth, who died in the East-Indies, and Robert, who was M.A. Fellow of Clare-hall, afterwards Rector of Elme cum Emneath, and who died s. p. at Cam- bridge, Noy. 12, 1738, aged sixty-two. Israel, the youngest, married Mary, daughter of Samuel Mawd, by whom Joshua and John. Joshua was of Sowerby, and died in 1747, having married Martha, daughter of James Stansfeld, of Sowerby, by whom, 1. John, 2. Joshua, M.A. Sur-master of St. Paul’s school, who died in August, 1763. 8. Mary, 4. Elizabeth, 5. Hannah, and 6. Martha. John, second son of Israel, had Mary and Elizabeth; Mary married Richard Windsor, of London, by whom one son, and two daughters. The arms of Tilston, or Tillotson, are now, or lately were, on the walls of Wookliff-chapel, viz. Azure, a bend cotised, between two garbs, or. Crest, a bear’s head issuing out of a mural crown. Motto, Jactor, non mergor. These are the arms of Tilston, of Tilston, in Cheshire, and were also con- firmed by William Flower, Norroy, Aug. 28, 1580, 22 Eliz. to Ralph Tilson, (or Tilston,) of Huxley, in Cheshire. See Guillim, p. 125.—Haugh-end belongs at present to a Mr. Lea, who has built a new house near it. He bears, Argent, a chevron ingrailed between two leopards heads sable. For crest, a bull’s head cabossed, couped at the neck, or.


But what makes this King Cross the most remarkable, is, that a little below it is an house where for some time resided the family of Wade, of which take the following account: Camden sais, p. 907, that the Wades derive their pedegree from Wada, a Saxon duke, who gave battle to king Ardulph, at Whalley, in Lancashire, and died in 798, but of this I

Page 290


have seen no proof, any more than I have that Armigel Wade, esq; who was clerk of the council to Hen. VIII. and Edw.

Page 291


of said place, bart. by whom, 1. Calverley, born Feb. 8, 1684, who died before his father,in 1710. 2. Benjamin, s. p. 8. Thompson, a captain, died s. p. at Brussels, Nov. 21,1709. 4. Henry, s.p. 5. Walter; 6. Mary, who married Morehouse; 7. Ann, who married Thomas Grosvenor; and 8. Frances, who married Croft Preston, of Leedes, merchant. Walter, fifth son of Benjamin, was Mayor of Leedes in 1757, he married Beatrix, daughter of Benjamin Killingbeck, of Moor Grange, alias Allerton Grange, by whom Benjamin, who died young, and Walter, of New Grange, who married Ann, daughter of Robert Allenson, of Royd, in Halifax parish, by whom Walter, who died young, Robert, who died young, Ann, Benjamin, William, and Thompson. The above pedegrce was taken chiefly from one drawn up by Mr. Segar, who stiles him, ‘ Si. Segar fil. filii. a filio Gul.

Page 292


In Thoresby’s Topography, p. 151, are the epitaphs of Benjamin Wade, and his son Anthony, both of New Grange, who were interred in Hedingley chapel, where, on a monu- ment, as that writer informs us, are the arms of Moore, (or Mowre,) viz. Argent, a chevron sable, fretted of the first, in chief a scythe azure, which I apprehend to have been a mistake in the person who ordered it to be thus put up; for the arms of this family of Moore (as I take it) were, sable, a swan, &¢. as above.

Page 293


Richard Waterhouse, had John, who married Agnes, daughter of John Rishworth, of Coley-hall, by whom Robert,

Page 294


and heiress of Robert Savile, of Shipden, which, if true, would account for the manner in which the Waterhouses came by this estate. And so far is certain, that the arms of Waterhouse and Savile were repeatedly quartered on the old tomb belonging to the Waterhouses in Rokesby’s chapel, in Halifax church, which shews a match between them, though the above pedegree takes no notice of it. The Epitaph of Jane, wife of John Waterhouse above named, is in ‘‘Drake’s Eboracum”’ thus: ‘‘ Here lyeth Jane,

Page 295


shillings, and four-pence. 5. Firth’s Chauntry, yearly value three pounds, six shillings, and eight-pence. To which Stevens, in his Supplement, vol. i. p. 68, adds,

Page 296


disponente recipiet sepulturam. Hine est quod ego prefatus Johannes Willebye, per cartam meam indentatam et triper- titam, concessi, tradidi, feoffavi, et liberavi Johanni Nevil, Militi, Tho. Nevil, filio et heredi apparenti ipsius Johannis, Magistro Ricardo Symmes, Vicario

Page 297


Tho. et heredes sui annuatim reddendo

Page 298


Tho. juxta formam

Page 299


induti, ut legant et psallent, prout Vicario ejusdem Ecclesie pro tempore existenti decenter et congrue videbitur expedire, ut in constitutionibus Ecclesie Metropolitane proinde con- stitutis plenius liquet. Et predictus Capellanus modernus, et omnes alii Capellani, post mortem, sessionem, seu remo- tionem dicti Capellani ab officio suo, temporibus futuris

nominandi, singulis annis facient anniversaria predicti Johis Willebye, illa die qua contingat eundem Johannem obire. Item volo et ordino, quod predictus Capellanus modernus, et omnes alii Capellani post ipsum, ad predictum officium aliquo modo ordinandi et nominandi, omnia res, libros, jocalia, et ornamenta dicto officio pertinentia, non alienabunt, impig- norabunt, nec elongabunt. Preterea volo et ordino, quod pre- dictus Tho. Gledhill, Capellanus modernus, aut aliquis alius Capellanus post ipsum, ad dictum officium temporibus futuris quoquomodo nominandus, aliqua bona, res, jocalia ad officium predictum pertinentes, consumpserit, delapida- verit, non sufficienter reparaverit, et conservaverit, seu si de incontinentia, furto, rapina, perjurio, seu aliquo alio nota- bili et famoso crimine convictus fuerit, vel si suspensionem, vel irregularitatem, seu alicujus membri mutelationem, quibus ab executione ordinis Sacerdotalis, et missarum celebrationem per imperpetuum impediatur, ex reatu sito proprio incurrat aut quod officio predicto deservire, seu ibidem moram trahere non poterit, extune a dicto officio tanquam inhabilis per ipsum prefatum Tho. Willebye, aut per heredes suos, seu alios ad hoe deputatos, amotus sit penitus et privatus. Et ulterius volo et ordino, quod quoties contingat predictum Tho. Willebye, et heredes suos, seu aliorum aliquem in hujusmodi nominationis et ordinat- ionis negotio, cum officium ministrationis in celebratione missarum ad altare predictum, in forma predicta, sessaverit, nec legentes, seu remissos existere. ita quod infra quadra- ginta dies tempore sessionis officii predicti continue numer- andos nullum idoneum Capellanum ad officium predictum exercendum, ut permittitur per literas suas patentes sigill- atos, ordinet seu nominent, si notitiam inde habuerunt, totiens incontinenter vigore presentis ordinationis et volun- tatis mee, absq; aliquo hujusmodi aut ministerio jure nominand. et ordinand. ea vice sicut al. consimiles casus defectus, vel negligentia predicti Tho. Willebye, et heredum suorum a se obtulerit, et non aliter ad

Page 300


Keclesie parochialis de Halifax, qui pro tempore suerit, hoc pacto et hac lege devolvatur, ut ipse Vicarius infra quadra- ginta dies post habitam ei notitiam de defeciu, sive necli- gentia hujusmodi predicti Tho. Willeby, aut heredum suorum, aut alicujus eorundem consimiliter numerandos, habilem et idoneum Capellanum ad dictum officium ordinet et nominet, in forma predicta. Quod si contingat negli- gentem vel remissum in hac parte fore, et nequaquam infra quadraginta dies unum babilem et idoneum Capellanum ad officium predictum nominare et ordinare, extunc transacto quadraginta dierum spatio jus plene providendi, ordinandi, et nominandi habilem et idoneum Capellanum ad officium predictum, ad predictos feoffatos, seu ad majorem partem eorundem, si inde inter eos plane concordare nequiverint, devolvet et pertineat ut ipsi secundum Deum et sanam con- scientiam suam de idoneo Capellano ad predictum officium frequentandum in forma superius ordinata provideant. Et insuper ego prefatus Johannes Willebye volo et ordino, quod

quotiens contingat predict. Johem Nevile, etc. feoffatos meos, in messuagiis, terris, et tenementis supradictis, ab hac luce migrare et obire, ita quod sint nisi quatuor persone viventes ad minus, totiens illi qui socios suos superavixerint, facient statum duobus senioribus et discretis Presbyteris in parochia de Halifax, vel prope eandem parochiam residenti- bus, in omnibus messuagiis, &c. cum pert. ita quod idem Presbyteri instanter et incontinenter post dictum statum eis factum refeoffabunt predictis quatuor feoffatis superviventi- bus, una cum novem aliis personis de nobilioribus, valenci- oribus, dignioribus, et discretioribus residentibus infra totam parochiam de Halifax predict. ita quod sint in toto ad numerum tredecem personarum, ad intentionem et effectum ut hee mea voluntas robur perpetue firmitatis obtineat et perquireat. Ita volo et ordino, quod predictus Capellanus modernus, et omnes alii Capellani, ad dictum

Page 301


perpetua, salus eterna, scelerum venia, et in bonis actibus perseverantia diuturna. Et quieadem infringere presump- serit, sit anathema Christi, excommunicatio omnium Sancto- rum, et dies ejus sint pauci, nisi citius duxeret penitentiam. In quorum omnium et singulorum testimonium omnibus et singulis partibus predictis, ego prefatus Johannes Willeby, Sigillum apposui. Datum, &c. per me Johannem Willeby, decimo die Junii, anno Henrici septimi nono.” As for Hunter’s Chauntry, I know nothing more about it, than that in a list of the compositions for tythes paid in Halifax parish is the following entry: “John Paslew, Chaunter of the Chauntry called Hunter’s, for five closes

Page 302


church of St. John Baptist, of Halifax, but which of the above Chantries it belonged to I cannot say.


HERE never was either abbey, monastery, or nunnery in the whole parish of Halifax, but lands in different parts thereof belonged to religious houses in other places, as appears from the following.


Burton, in his Monasticon Eboracence, p. 148, sais,

Page 303


informs us, ‘“‘ That Hugh de Eland gave pasture (to Fountains- ‘‘ abbey) for two hundred sheep in Eccleslay and in Uncrum, ‘‘and also gave Godwin

Page 304


relaxasse, et presenti carta mea quietum clamasse, de me et heredibus meis imperpetuum, Deo et Monachis

Page 305


predict. ter. de Annundeley, in pur. et perpet. Hleemos. Donatio insuper que idem Tho. per cartam suam fecit pre- dict. Abbat. et Mon. de octo acris terre in territoria de Eland, in loco vocato Eleys, cum om. pert. suis in puram et perpet.

Page 306


Prickstrickroode. Preterea dedi eisdem Monachis redditum duodecim denariorum in parte mea Molendini de Eland, re- cipiendum annuatim a Preposito meo, et heredum nostrorum, vel ab aliis quibuscung ; modo assignavimus partem predicti Molendini.

Page 307


ad festum §. Oswaldi, pro omni servicio et exactione. Ht. ego et her. mei totam prefatam terram, cum pert. et aisia- mentis suis, prefatis Monachis contra omnes warrantizabimus

imperpet. Hiis testibus Tho. de Horberye, Johe de Heton, Hen. de Hyperum, Hen. de Vuerum, Hen. de Digton, et. aliis.” At folio 331 is this, and also in Hopkinson: ‘‘Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Hugo de Eland dedi, concessi, et presenti carta mea confirmavi, Deo et Monachis Ecclesie sancte Marie de Fontibus, in puram et perpetuam Eleemosinam, pasturam ad ducentas oves in territorio de Vuerum et de Eccleslay ubiq; extra pratum et bladum. Dedi etiam eis totam terram quam habui in God- winpighill, sicut sepe includitur, sine retenemento, ad Berchariam inde faciendam, et sufficientem materiam ad eandem Berchariam edificandam, et quociens necesse fuerit reparandam de Bosco de Vuerum et de

Page 308


In a deed at Fixby, dated in 1255, being an Agreement between John, son of. Hen. de Fekisby,

Page 309


in celebracione Capituli dictorum Prioris et Fratrum, die Martis prox. ante festum Sancti Barnabe Apostoli, Ae R. R. Ricardi secundi post conquestum undecimo.”

In the same MS. fol. 387, is the following:

Page 310


versus orientem super aquam que vocatur Blacborne, et versus occidentem super quoddam rivulum sicut continetur in latitudine inter Northclough et Barcolelef, cum bosco, sine aliquo retenemento,

Page 311


And again, (as by another deed at the same place,) John del Clay made a grant thereof to John his son, 18 Edw. III. to hold as above.


In the Monasticon, vol. I. p. 488, is an imperfect copy (like most of the rest in that Collection) of a confirmation charter of King Hen. III. of several gifts to the Nuns of Kirklees. The original deed is now at Kirklees, where, by the favor of sir George Armitage, I took a copy of it, and that part of it which relates to Halifax parish runs thus :—

Page 313


Ido not find that there was more than one Chantry at Ealand, the history of which is this. By an inquisition taken at Pontefract, 19 Ric. II. the Jurors say, that it is not to the damage of the Lord the King, if the King grant to John Neele, Parson of Tankersley, John Wath, Vicar of the church of Huddresfeld, John de Dishford, Chaplain, and Will. de Heton, that they may of new make, establish, and found, a certain Chantry of one Chaplain in the chapel of Elande, annexed to the parish church of Halifax; and may give and assign to a Chaplain of the Chantry aforesaid, one messuage with appurtenances in Elande, and a certain yearly rent of eight marks, to be perceived out of the manor of Wyke, near Okenshaw, and of one messuage, 200 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, and six acres of wood, with the appurtenances, in Himsworth. In consequence of this, the above-named persons founded the said Chantry for one Chaplain, presentable by Sir John Savill, Knt. and Isabel his wife, and their heirs, within fifteen days from the time of any vacation, for the said Chaplain to celebrate therein, at the altar of St. John Baptist, for the good estate of John Duke of Acquitain and Lancaster, of John Sayvill, Knt. and Isabel his wife, and the children of the said John and Isabel, and for the souls of the said Duke, and said John and Isabel, and the souls of their children after death; and for the souls of Henry late Karl of Lancaster, John Sayvill, and Margery his wife, parents of said John Sayvill, Knt. also of Thomas de Eland, and Joan his wife, parents of the said Isabel, of John Rylay, Thomas Cross, Chaplain, and Richard Schepard, of Eland, and the friends and benefactors of said John Sayvill, Knt. and Isabel, and for the souls of all the faithful deceased. It does not appear who was first appointed to this office, as the first person in the above table is one Broughton, nominated by Isabel, relict of Sir John Sayvill, between five and six years after the foundation of the Chantry. This Broughton is said to have resigned to one Ralph Pillay, but at what time is uncertain. I have copies of two deeds, dated Feb. 16, 1411, in both which he is called

Page 314


The manner of the institution to this Chantry may be seen in Woolsey’s Register at York, fol. 51. from which I took the following :

Page 315


‘‘furth of the lands of Sir Henrie Savell, Knt. lienge in ‘‘Wyke, of 106s. 8d. Sum of the said Chuntrie 109s. 2d.

Page 316




Page 317



The following is a list, carefully collected from the Regis- ter Books at Halifax, of such persons as have been beheaded there, since entries were made of such tran- sactions.,

Page 318


1602.—Ux. Peter Harison, Brad. decoll. Feb. 22, 1602.— Christopher Cosin decollatus Dec. 29, 1610.—Thomas Briggs decollatus, April 10, 1611.—George Fairbanke, preditissimus nebulo, vulgo vocatus Skoggin, ob nequitiam. Anna, ejusdem Georgii Filia spuria, ambo meritissimé ob furtum manifestum decollati, Dec. 28, 1628.—John Lacy, perditi- ssimus nebulo & latro, decollatus Jan. 29, 1623.—Edmund Ogden decollatus April 8, 1624.—Richard Midgley, of Midg- ley, decollatus April 18, 1624.—Ux. Johan. Wilson decollata July 5, 1627.—Sara Lume, Hal. decollata Dec. 8, 1627.— John Sutcliffe, Sk. [Skircoat,] decollatus 14 May, 1629.— Richard Hoile, Hept. decollatus Oct. 20, 1629.— Henry Hudson. Ux. Samuel. Ettal ob plurima furta decollati, Aug. 28, 1630.—Jeremy Bowcock, de Warley, decollatus April 14, 1632.—John Crabtree, de Sourby, decollatus Sept. 22, 1632.—Abraham Clegg, Norland, decollatus May 21, 16386.—Isaac Illingworth, Ovenden, decollatus Oct. 7, 1641. —John Wilkinson, Anthony Mitchell, Sowerby, decollati April 80, 1650. In all forty-nine; of which five were executed in the six last years of king Henry VIII, twenty- five in the reign of queen Elizabeth, seven in that of king James I, ten in that of k. Charles I, and two during the inter-regnum.

Page 319


Halifax and Ovenden my lands in Ossett, that the rents may be yearly bestowed after the same manner (alluding to the clause above) by my Feoffees chosen for that end, and that six pounds thereof be given to Ovenden.—For Halifax and Ovenden I chuse and ordain Mr. Fournes, John Illingworth, Wilham Illingworth, John Hodgson, James Hodgson, his brother, Daniel Greenwood, and John Brearcliffe, Feoffees for both towns jointly; and my mind is, that if any of these die, the rest shall meet together and choose another before anything be acted; and I give power to my said Feoffees to buy lands, to make out what I leave not in lands already purchased, to make leases, receive rents, give acquit- ances, and every such matter as may be necessary for the performance of my Will herein.” In the Manuscript, from whence the above was taken, was wrote under: ‘‘A true copy, taken 8th of March, 1670, by me John Brearcliffe.” This is one of the charities which Mr. Wright, p. 131, sais, he could procure no particular account of; he has told us, however, that the farm lies at Osset-yate. The last choice for this charity, which I know of, was by Deed, dated Dec. 22, 1710, and the Trustees then chosen neglected to convey, as the Will requires, for the late Mr. John Caygil was the only surviving Trustee, and whether he took care

Page 320



WILL OF ALICE CROWTHER, Widow, Dated Oct. 12, 1722.

Page 321




Page 322


Page 323


the window money, in trust only for them and their succes- sors, to let, set, and dispose thereof as will be most advan- tageous for that purpose, to any person or persons, other than the School-master there, and his successors for the time being, and to receive the rents, issues and profits thereof for ever, and to pay the same over, by half

Page 324


year during the said term, for preaching, or procuring to be preached, two charity sermons, in Halifax Church, in the afternoons of one Sunday in every month of June, and of one Sunday in every month of December year- ly, during the said term, the first sermon to be preached in June next after my decease; and catechize or cause to be catechized all the poor boys or girls that shall from time to time be taught in the said school in the summer seasons every year; and in default of any and every such catechiz- ing or preaching, it is my will and mind that nothing be paid or liable to be paid by my said son John, or his heirs or assigns, to the said Vicar or his successors that year, and -every year any such default or neglect shall happen in; and I give that year, and every such years, payment of forty shillings a year as aforesaid, wherein every or any such default shall happen, to my said son John, his Heirs, Ex- ecutors, and Administrators. And I desire the Church- wardens of the said town of Halifax for the time being, to go about the Church when every such sermon is preached, there to collect the charity of well-disposed persons, for the benefit of such poor children as shall from time to time be taught in the said school, in the manner now used at Wake- field and Leeds. Also that my said son shall yearly pay unto the said Governors and their successors, on every twenty-fifth day of March, five shillings and six-pence, to be laid out as follows, (viz.) three shillings and six-pence for a good and well bound Bible, with the Common Prayers and Singing Psalms in it, and eighteen-pence for the Whole Duty of Man, and six-pence for putting these letters fol- lowing, J. 8. of Heuth,

Page 325


the said trust, and regulate and settle the same as they shall see occasion; and that my said son John Smyth, his Heirs, Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, shall, out of the rents and profits of my said estate at Reavey, spend ten shillings at every such meeting or Mr. Smyth was living in the year 1730, but how long after I cannot tell. On the south end of this school is the fol- lowing inscription. ‘‘ Hoe edificium de fundo extruxit pro- ‘‘priis suis sumptibus

Page 326


For Paul Greenwood’s legacy to the Preacher at Hepton- stall, see under Wadsworth.

Page 327


the other thirty-two shillings and six-pence, if it shall at any time fortune that there be no Preacher at Heptonstall for the time so being, shall yearly and every year after my decease for ever, be bestowed and employed at the discretion of them the said George Halstead, Anthony Naylor, Richard Naylor, Henry Naylor, and Robert Halstead, upon and to- wards the maintaining of the poor children of and within the parish of Heptonstall.” Taken from Heptonstall Register. By Deed, dated June 2, 1747, George Halstead, of Hougham, in Eringden, eldest son and heir of George Hal- stead, formerly of Hougham aforesaid, which last George was brother and heir of Robert Halstead, late of Burnt Acres, in Eringden aforesaid, which Robert was eldest son and heir of Robert Halstead, of Height, in

Page 328




Page 329


School-house, and the two messuages, tenements, and farms, and all the lands, closes, and grounds therewith, now or commonly demised, used, or occupied, with appurtenances in Colden aforesaid, forasmuch as it hath pleased God to put me in mind to build a Free Grammar school within the township of Heptonstall aforesaid, and to make provision for some small maintenance of the annual rent or value of twenty pounds ten shillings for a School-master, who shall teach school of the children and inhabitants of the town and parish of Heptonstall aforesaid; therefore, in the first place, my will and mind is,

Page 330


use and maintenance of such a School-master as aforesaid, to hold of the chief Lords of the fee thereof by the services therefore due and of right accustomed.”’ The Testator also left rents for the founding two Fellow- ships and two Scholarships in University College, in Oxford, of which he had been Fellow, appointing Anthony Foxcroft, of Halifax, and Thomas Radcliffe, his Executors, the latter of whom obtained a Decree in Chancery against the former, who, for nonperformance of the said Charles Greenwood’s Will was imprisoned in the Fleet, and during the time of his imprisonment, the said Radcliffe got a Sequestration of the said Foxcroft’s estate in that Court, yet nothing was obtained so as to put the Testator’s intentions in execution, so that the College was wronged of this benefaction, as also, (according to Groome, in his Dignity and Honor of the Clergy, p.

Page 332




OF HIPPINGS, IN STANSFIELD, Dated Dec. 18, 1705.

Page 333


of one messuage and lands thereunto belonging, called New House, in Turvin, and all my estate, right, interest, title, claim, and demand, into or out of the same messuage or lands, or any part thereof, provided he or they, pay yearly to such orthodox Curate, or Parson, of Heptonstall Church or Chapel, in this county, for the time being, as shall be conformable to the present Established Church of England, both in doctrine and discipline, and shall, on the second Wednesday in the month of March, for ever, preach one Commemoration Sermon, for, or on account of, my only son and child, Thomas Sunderland, whom it pleased Almighty God, in that month, to take to himself.” From the Register at Heptonstall.

Page 334


—Edmund Fairbank, out of his two messuages, and I all his lands at Lidyate, in Lightcliffe, - —James Waterhouse, out of his lands and tene- ments in Northwood, —John and Thomas Thorpe, out of. three ) messuages and lands in Lightcliffe, —Richard Cliffe, out of Cliffe house, and lands) thereto belonging, in Lightcliffe, - —Edward Hoyle, out of Hoy “le House, and all the

Page 335


shillings and four-pence, out of a messuage and lands in Northouram ; William Cowper, of Kighley, a yearly rent of three shillings and four-pence, out of a messuage, with lands, called Deynehouse, in Shelf; John Boy, of Northou- ram, a yearly rent of three shillings and four-pence, out of lands and tenements in Shelf; Thomas Northend, of Hip- perholm, a yearly rent of twenty-pence, out of all his free lands and tenements in Hipperholm; and William Salton- stall, of Shelf, a yearly rent of twenty-pence, out of a messuage and lands in Shelf, to certain Trustees named in a Deed, dated the 15th of November, 21 Hen. VIII. in trust, as appears by another Deed, dated the 14th of February, 21 Hen. VIII. for the use of a chapel and cemitery, to be made, founded, and built on the parcel of land above named; the aforesaid yearly rents or annuities to be received yearly at Pentecost and St. Martin in winter, by equal portions, amongst other things to the use and sustentation of Richard Northend, Capellane in the said chapel, and his successors, saying, singing, and celebrating Divine Offices therein for ever. - This account is taken from two original Deeds belonging to the late Mrs. Horton, of Coley.

Page 336


Agnes Royde, of Northouram, five pounds; by Matthew Whiteley five pounds, by their several Wills; eight pounds were likewise given to the same use, by Henry Northend and Joseph Wood; with which sums, Richard Sunderland, of Coley-hall, Esq; and seven others, as Trustees, did purchase of one William Kershaw, of Wike, a messuage or tenement in Wike, in the parish of Burstal, with a close of land and meadow called Mappleynge, divided into two parts, in one of which the said messuage standeth; and also a house or cottage in Wike aforesaid, and a close of land called Far- hinging Royds, divided into three closes. This purchase was made with the approbation of all the inhabitants within the Chapelry of Coley; and for the better explaining the true intent and meaning of the conveyance and assurance made of the premises to the said Richard Sunderland, and others, by the said William Kershaw, and to the end the rents, &c. might for ever afterwards be employed for the use aforesaid, it was covenanted and granted in an Indenture, bearing date Oct. 11,17 James I. made between the said Richard Sunderland and others, of the one part; and Abraham Sunderland, of the Middle Temple, Esq; Joseph Midgley, of Overbrea, M.A. and others, of the other part, that the said Richard Sunderland, &c. should pay yearly the said rent, by equal portions, at Martinmass and Pentecost, to the preaching Minister at Coley aforesaid, for the time being, towards his maintenance, and in no other manner, nor to or for any other use. When only three Trustees sur- vive, they were to convey to others in three months. I have seen no Trust Deed relating to the above, of a later date than Jan. 8, 1658, which, with another made in the year 1637, were in the hands of Mr. Simpson, of Hipperholm. Esq., of Coley-hall, gave by Will thirty shillings a-year, for ever, out of a tenement in Shelf, to the preaching Minister at Coley Chapel. His Executors were his three sons, Abraham, Samuél and Peter Sunderland. He was buried June 25, 1684. This estate was afterwards sold by his grandson, Langdale Sunderland, Esq., to John Lum, of Westercroft, in Northouram. He also gave tythe- rents within Hipperholme cum Brighouse, amounting to twenty two shillings and sixpence yearly, to the Chapel at Coley, which rents, as I take it, had been parcel of the Rectory of Dewsbury.

Page 337


of Brookfoot, in Southouram, gave by Will, dated Dec. 29, 1638, the sum of five pounds, to Samuel Hoyle, of Hoyle-house, in Lightcliff, and Robert Hargreaves, of Hipperholme, in trust, and to the intent, that they should bestow the same on some parcel of land, or yearly rent of inheritance, the one half of the yearly profit whereof should be paid yearly to the Curate or Preacher of God’s Word at Lightcliffe, and the other half to the poor people of Light- cliffe and Hipperholme, from time to time, to succeeding ages for ever. His Executor was his brother, John Birkhead, of Gomersal. In 1651, as appears from some minutes of an Inguisition taken in that year at Halifax, the above five pounds remained in the hands of Samuel, son of the above Samuel Hoyle, who paid the benefit thereof as directed. For William Birkhead’s benefaction to the poor of Brig- house, see under Rastrick.


OF LONDON, Dated Oct, 15, 1647.

Page 338


Mr. Brearcliffe’s manuscript, called Halifax Inquiries, sais, that the estate left to Isaac Broadley, was called Lane-Ends, in Hipperholme; also that Matthew Broadley’s Will was dated Sep. 6, 1648; in the first Settlement Deed of Hipper- holme school, described below, this Will is likewise said to have been dated August 31, 1648. These variations I men- tion, to make the discovery of the original more certain, though the first has the most authorities. May 22, 1661, an Indenture tripartite was made between Samuel Sunderland, of Harden, Esq; of the first part; Matthew Broadley, of London, Gent. Executor of Matthew Broadley, late of London, Esq; deceased, of the second part ; and William Farrer, of Midgley, Esq; John Lake, of South- ouram, Clerk, Abraham Mitchel, of Halifax, Stephen Ellis, Richard Langley, Nathan Whiteley, Joshua Whitley, Joseph Hargreaves, Henry Brighouse, Joshua Scolfield, and Joseph Lister, all of Hipperholme, of the third part, reciting, that whereas Matthew Broadley, party to these presents, had received one thousand pounds, and being willing to perform the will and good intention of Matthew Broadley, deceased, he had, with the advice and consent of some of the principal inhabitants of Hipperholme and Halifax, agreed with the above Samuel Sunderland for the purchase of certain lands and tenements, with the sum of five hundred pounds, agreeable to the Will of the above Testator: This Indenture therefore witnesseth, that the said Samuel Sunderland, for the said consideration, hath sold, &c. to the said Matthew Broadley, William Farrer, &c. their heirs and assigns, for ever, two messuages or tene- ments, two barns, two stables, two gardens, two folds, and all outhouses, orchards, lands, and all other appurtenances thereto belonging, in Hipperholme aforesaid; and one close of land in Lightcliffe, within the said township of Hipper- holme, called Brookroyd, lately divided into three closes ; one other close of land, called Highroyd Ing, and one other close of land, in

Page 339


and to hold the said messuages, lands, rent charges, &c. to the said Matthew Broadley, William Farrer, &c. their heirs and assigns, for ever, in trust, to receive and apply the issues and profits thereof yearly, for ever, as well for the yearly payment of the said annual sum of fifty-two shillings at the Chapel of Coley aforesaid, by twelve pence to be laid out in bread every Sabbath-day, for the better maintenance and relief of the most poor, aged, maimed, needy, and im- potent people of Hipperholme, and the Lane Ends of Hipper- holme aforesaid, or to such, or so many of the said poor people of Hipperholme, and the Lane Ends of and in such manner as the said Matthew Broadley, &c. and the survivor and survivors of them, their heirs and assigns, shall from time to time, find most necessitous and indigent, and in their discretion shall think most meet to be relieved therewith, so as at no one time there be under the number of four poor persons to share and have the said charitable allowance. And also for the support, and keeping in repair of the School-house for the said Free School, to be erected in or near the town of Hipperholme aforesaid, from time to time, for ever hereafter, as often as need shall require; and to take and employ all the residue of the said yearly rents, profits, improvements, and advantages made, or to be made, of the said premises, (which they might let to the best yearly value and advantage, so us no lease or leases thereof exceeded the term of twenty-one years, and to be made in possession, or at least not above two years before the expira- tion of the old lease, or leases thereof, the old accustomed rents of the premises, or more, being reserved,) together with the said annual rent of five pounds, for the mainte- nance, stipend, &c. of one learned, able,

Page 340


raised to a greater yearly value, such increase and augment- ation was to be employed and disposed of, for the better maintenance of the said School-master for the time being, and to no other use, intent, or purpose; except that any suits in law or equity, or other trouble or incumbrance concerning the said premises, or any part thereof, should happen; in which case, the Trustees were impowered to deduct the expences attending the same, out of the yearly profits of the said premises, and pay the overplus to the said School-master. When the place or room of the said School- master shall happen to become void by death, resignation, deprivation, or otherwise, that then, and so often the Trus- tees for the time being, or the greater number of them, were impowered, within one month next after such avoidance, by writing under their hands and seals, to nominate and appoint one other learned and fit person, qualified as aforesaid, to be School-master of the said Free School: And if no School-master is by them within two months chosen as aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful to and for the Vicar of the Vicarage of Halifax aforesaid, for the time being, by writing under his hand and seal, to nominate and appoint a meet and fit person, qualified, and at the least of the Degree aforesaid, to be School-master of the said Free-school; the said School-master to be allowed, ordered, directed, and placed, or displaced, by the Trustees, or the greater number of them, for the time being, according to such rules, orders, and allowances as shall be made by them, or the greater number of them, in writing under their hands and seals, for the rule, government, and well ordering of the said Free-school, School-master and poor people, and as to them, and the greater part of them shall seem meet and convenient; which rules and orders were agreed to be con- clusive, and binding to the said School-master, poor people, and all others concerned therein, to all intents and purposes the same not being repugnant to the Laws and Statutes of this kingdom, nor contrary to any Ecclesiastical Canons or Constitutions of the Church of England which shall be then in force. And for the better ordering and government of the said Free-school, the Trustees for the time being were to have full power and authority for ever, to visit, order, place, or displace the said School-master for the time being, and

Page 341


to reform and redress all and every the disorders, misde- meanors, offences, and abuses in the said Free-school, School-master, or in any of the said poor people, or in, and touching their allowances, government, order, and disposing thereof, and for any lewdness, drunkenness, common swear- ing, profaneness, breaking the orders made for the regulating and government of the said Free-school, or for any other just cause whatsoever, as shall be, by the said Trustees for the time being, or the greater number of them, declared in writing, under their hands and seals, to be a snfficient cause of suspension, deprivation, and displacing, and by the same writing to deprive, suspend, turn out, and displace the said School-master, and to elect and place another qualified as above, in his room, to be intitled to the same benefits and advantages as the School-master so deprived, When only three Trustees shall be living or resident within the township of Hipperholme, or vicarage of Halifax, they shall, together with the non-residentiaries, convey and assure the above premises, with the profits thereof, to nine other sufficient persons inhabiting in Hipperholme, or the vicarage of Halifax, so always that there be at least six of the said Trustees inhabitants in Hipperholme aforesaid. It ought to be observed, that there are several defects in Matthew Broadley’s Will, such as, no person appointed to build the School, nor, being built, by whom or how it should be kept in repair, nor who should put in or displace the School-master, nor what children (boys or girls) or of what towns or places they were to be, nor in what art or science they should be instructed, nor whether the yearly means to be settled for the School should be by the revenue of land to be purchased with the money, or with the interest of the money, or by some employment of the stock of money, or otherwise; nor was any one appointed to distribute the bread to the poor, nor any number of poor mentioned to whom it was to be distributed: To remedy which defects, the above-mentioned Indenture tripartite was made; yet, notwithstanding the agreements therein contained seem to be good and necessary, yet, in the eye of the law, they are no other than arbitrary proceedings amongst other parties than the Testator himself appointed, and because not warrantable by the Will, perhaps not altogether safe to those who put the same in execution. If also any breach of trust

Page 342


was to happen, or of the above agreements supposing them _ valid, no provision of remedy was directed for it, nor who should complain thereof if the Executor should die, or be absent out of the kingdom. Besides, the Testator’s gift to his brother and his heirs, of his land in Hipperholme, pro- vided his said brother paid five pounds per annum to the School, was, in construction of law, void; for as Isaac Broadley was brother and next heir to Matthew the Devisor, the law would say, that the said Isaac took the land by descent, and not by the Will. The same was also void in law, because there was no person extant who could, by taking advantage of the condition, compel the payment of the money ; for Isaac Broadley, who was to pay it, being also heir at law, none but himself could enter to the land for non-payment thereof, according to the provisoe. For these reasons, the said Isaac refused to pay the said annuity till the arrears amounted to sixty pounds, and the Trustees had no remedy till about the year 1661, when laying their grievances before Council, they were told, that notwithstanding the above gift of five pounds per annum could not be recovered by law, yet, as it was made to a charitable use, such as a Free-school, which is a gift within the Statute 48 Eliz. c. 4, of Charitable Uses, it might be made good by that Statute, on a Commission to be pursued out of the Chancery by virtue of that Statute, and an Inquisition thereupon to be found and taken, and a Decree to be made by the Commissioners, with a Decree of Confirmation in Court for payment, (viz.) as well of the arrearages since the Testator’s death, as of the growing rent; and though part of the land was copyhold, which cannot by law be devised or charged by a Will, yet that it might be so charged to a charitable use ; however, that the Free-school might be so charged, and so the annuity decreed to be paid out of the whole. On this account, and for the greater security of the Trustees named in the above Indenture tripartite, application was made to a Commission for Pious Uses at Halifax, August 29, 1662, on which the Commissioners, after reciting the Will of Matthew Broadley, and that it was by Inquisition found that the said Will had been fulfilled according to the intentions of the Testator, except that Isaac Broadley had not paid the sum of five pounds per annum as directed, or

Page 343


any part thereof, in respect the Free-school was not erected and finished till Michaelmas last past before the date of the said Inquisition, did order, adjudge, and decree, that the several sums of forty pounds and five hundred pounds, received and disposed of according to the Will of the donor, should for ever stand firm and stable, for and towards the maintenance of a School-master to teach the said Free- school within and for the township of Hipperholme, whereof fifty-two shillings to be first taken out of the same, to be laid out and bestowed in bread, to be given by twelve-pence each Sunday, at Coley Chapel, to the poor people of Hipper- holme and the Lane

Page 344


township of Hipperholme cum Brighouse aforesaid, the same School-master being thereunto lawfully licensed, and being of a degree of Bachelor of Arts at least, upon condition that the same School-master, and his successors for the time being, shall well and truly satisfy and pay, or cause to be paid, forth of the rents and profits of the lands and tenements first mentioned, the yearly rent or sum of six pounds to an Usher Master of the same school, at the Feasts of Pentecost, and St. Martin the Bishop in winter, or St. Martin and Pentecost, as the same shall happen to fall next after the decease of the said Samuel Sunderland, by equal portions, for ever, the same Usher Master to be from time to time nominated and elected by the above Feoffees and their successors, or the major part of them, and to be lawfully licensed and admitted thereunto, with power of distress on the said premises to the said Usher Master, in case of non payment of the said yearly rent, or any part thereof, for twenty days after the same becomes due. And upon farther trust, that the yearly rents and profits of the other messuage or tenement, with its appurtenances, at Norwood-green, be paid to the most indigent and necessitous poor people of and within the township of Hipperholme cum Brighouse aforesaid, for ever, on the Feast-days of St. Thomas the Apostle, and the Nativity of St. John Baptist, or St. John Baptist, and St. Thomas Days, or Feasts, as the same shall happen to fall next after the decease of the said Samuel Sunderland, by equal portions, in or at the aforesaid School- house, by the Ministers, Churchwardens, and Overseers for the- poor within the Chapelries of Coley and Lightcliffe, from time to time. When the seven Feoffees above-named be- came decreased by death to the number of two of them and no more, the survivors were, within three months, to elect and appoint the Vicar of Halifax for the time being, (in case he was not one of the surviving Feoffees,) and six of the most able and discreet Inhabitants of the township of Hip- perholme cum Brighouse, or seven, if the said Vicar be one of the two surviving Feoffees, the conveyance of the premises to be made at the reasonable request and costs of the said Master and Churchwardens, and this order, way, and course

to be observed, and kept for ever. The Feoffees were also to take effectual care that the said buildings upon the Lands,

Page 345


granted by this Deed, and the fences thereof, be from time to time kept in sufficient repair, that the charity might not be impaired. The Testator (as already observed) was buried Feb. 4, 1676. Mr. Wright, p. 127, sais, that this Mr. Sunderland gave, amongst other benefactions, seventeen pounds a year for ever to the Free-school of Hipperholme; to the use of the poor of Hipperholme eight pounds a year for ever; and to the successive Curates of the Chapel of Coley five pounds a year for ever; all which Mr. Robert Parker, of Bingley, his Executor, saw rightly and truly performed; but Mr. Thoresby’s account, in his Topography of Leéedes, p. 583, differs from this, for according to this Author he left yearly to the poor of Norwood-green eight pounds, to Hipperholme school eighteen pounds, and to Coley Chapel twenty shillings. On the School porch at Hipperholme is this inscription:

Page 346


for the charges of prosecuting the Inquisition and Decree ; which monies not being paid as decreed, a

Page 347


use of John Robynson, Capel-lane, in the Chapel of St. Mary, of Luddyngden aforesaid, and his successors in the same Chapel, for the time being, for ever, and payable at the Feasts of Pentecost and St. Martin in winter, by equal portions, or within forty days after each of the said Feasts, with power of distress to the above Trustees, and their heirs, if the said yearly rent is unpaid for forty days after it be- comes due as aforesaid. This extract I took from the original Deed, in Latin, lent by the late Curate of Luddenden. It was dated at Mygge- lay, March 6, 17 Hen. VIII. and is in the form of a charter. It is said that Richard Deyne left the above, because he had killed in a duel one Brooksbank, of Bankhouse, in Warley. Joun

Page 348


Page 349


personally present at the distribution of the said bread, un- less prevented by sickness, or some bodily infirmity; the said Chapel Wardens, immediately after such distribution, to enter into the books, which were given them by the said Edward Watkinson for that purpose, the names of the said twelve poor widows, or necessitous persons, and the day of the month and year when the said bread was so distributed ; and in the absence of the said Chapel Wardens, that the said John Dearden and Stephen Atkinson shall distribute, or cause to be distributed, for so long as they shall live, the said loaves, and make choice of the said twelve poor widows, or necessitous persons, viz. six out of each township. Pro- vided nevertheless, that whenever it shall happen that the rents and profits of the said premises shall fall short to purchase so much bread, the Chapel Wardens for the time being shall only buy so much as the clear rents or profits thereof will admit of, and make distribution thereof proportion- ably amongst such poor persons as aforesaid: But as at the time of this donation the rents of the said premises would pur- chase more, therefore so long as the same should so continue it was the desire of the said Kdward Watkinson, that each such poor person should have, upon every Trinity Sunday, sixpence in money, and upon every Sunday next before Christmas Day, twelve-pence in money, and upon every Easter Sunday sixpence in money, over and besides the said bread, the remaining clear yearly rent to go and be de- tained by the person who shall take the trouble to collect the rents, and look after the said premises; and if the rents shall fall short, the distribution thereof, both in bread and money, shall be proportioned thereto, so as the person who shall take the trouble of looking after the premises, and collecting the rents, and paying the same over to the said Chapel Wardens, shall have yearly five shillings for

Page 350


the other Warley, to enter the names of the widows in, and the time when they had bread given. Luddenden Chapel obtained Queen Anne’s Bounty by lot, in 1782, with which, and with other contributions made in the Cha pelry, a farm was bought in Midgley, called New- earthhead, of the yearly rent of eight pounds, as appears from a table in the said Chapel. Its clear yearly value in 1736, was returned to have been, 3d of Queen Anne, three pounds thirteen shillings and four-pence.



OF OVERBREA, IN NORTHOURAM, Dated March 3, 1613.

Page 351


two old women, natives of Booth-town aforesaid, to live in, as also a little school-house; and for the building of the said houses I also give fifty pounds more; and in case a con- venient house can be found already built, then the said sums to go for the purchase of such an house; this said hundred pounds to be paid out of the money in my cousin Jonathan Hall’s hands. Item, I give and bequeath also out of the money in my cousin Jonathan Hall’s hands, the sum of one hundred pounds sterling, together with the interest of a mortgage I have for two hundred and thirty pounds sterling, upon Mr. Thomas Hodkinson’s estate, in and near the town of Wentworth, of which I am in possession—both which sums are towards the maintenance of the poor people, and the sum of five pounds per annum to those that shall teach in the school gratis ten poor boys and girls, those that are natives of Booth-town, or near

Page 352


thought proper ; and that when only three of the said Trus- tees were living, they should convey to four others sufficient, and so in like manner conveyances to be ever made on the like trust and confidence. The above mortgage money being paid in, the Trustees last named purchased therewith, and with the annuity above- mentioned, an estate in Ovenden, called Brock-holes; the purchase deed of which is dated the 9th day of September, 1707; and also one other estate at a place called Moorfalls, in Northouram, with five closes of land adjoining upon one another, and some or one of them adjoining to the messuage and buildings there, (excepting one coal-pit and pit-hill in the south-east corner of one of the said closes,) and one other close of land to the said messuage belonging, lying on the east side of the highway, leading from Halifax to Brad- ford (except the coals which can be gotten from under the same without digging or breaking any of the soil or ground thereof) the purchase deed of which is dated the 18th day of February, 1709. Of the above Trustees, all (except John Longbottom) died without transferring their trust to others, and the said John, about the year 1730, conveyed to Thomas Burton, Edmund Briggs, Jonathan Longbottom, John Bargh, Benjamin Wilk- inson, Joseph Hall, and Robert Wood, on the same trust as in the former Deed, and under the same covenants. Of these also the said Joseph Hall became the surviving Trustee, who, in the year 1759, conveyed to George Legh, LL.D. Vicar of Halifax, John Lister, of Shibden-hall, Clerk, Cyril Jackson, of Halifax, Doctor of Physic, Jonathan Nicholl, and John Crabtree, both of Booth-town, Jeremy Lister, of Northouram, Samuel Waterhouse, of the same place, Jonathan Hall, of Eland, Benjamin Wilkinson, of Northouram aforesaid, John Watkinson, the younger, of Ovenden, John Mitchell, of Holdworth, and James Carr, of Halifax, with a particular clause in the Deed, that when these shall, by death, or otherwise, be reduced to three in number, the survivors shall, in like manner, convey to - - others on the like trusts in those presents declared.

Page 353



OF WHITHILL, IN NORTHOURAM, Dated Oct. 30, 1711.

Page 354


the aforesaid messuage or tenement to be paid at Mid- summer and Christmas, by equal portions, to the Overseers of the poor of this town, for the time being, yearly, and the Overseers to take one or two of the Heads of the town to the distribution of the said rents, and but a little thereof to those persons which have allowances, or nothing at all of it. And Ido hereby authorize the Overseers of the poor, with one or two of the Heads of the said town, to sett and lett, or to farm lett, the said messuage or tenement, as often as need shall In a Terrier belonging to Sowerby-bridge Chapel, wrote in 1727, it is said that Edward Wainhouse left yearly to the poor three pounds five shillings.

OVENDEN. Original

Page 355


is built, and one house, called Chapel-house, and a barn there- unto belonging, are builded. And also one other acre of land, late taken from the wastes of Ovenden, and heretofore bought by one John Best, of George, late Earl of Shrewsbury, and others ;—And also one annuity of seven shillings yearly, issu- ing out of three acres and a half of land in Bradshaw, in Oven- den ;—And one other annuity of five shillings yearly, issuing out of three acres of land, with the appurtenance, in Brad- shaw ;—One other yearly rent of six shillings, yearly issuing (as we conceive) out of certain lands and tenements, with their appurtenances, in Ovenden ;—One other yearly rent of four shillings, yearly issuing out of one rood of land in Ovenden ;—One other yearly rent of two shillings, yearly issuing out of one acre of land in Bradshaw, in Ovenden ;— And one other annuity of fifteen shillings, yearly issuing out of one house or tenement, and the buildings thereupon built, and three roods of land, meadow, and pasture, by esti- mation, called Sawre Parke, in Ovenden, were by deed indented, bearing date Dec. 25, 1640, granted and conveyed by Joseph Wood, of Old Laughton, in Ovenden, and Luke Crowther, the elder, of Holdsworth, in Ovenden, unto John Doughty, of the University of Oxford, and others, and their heirs for ever, as Feoffees in trust, to the use and behoof of, and for the maintenance of, the Preacher of God’s Word for the time being, at the Chapel called Illingworth Chapel, and of such other person or persons after him as shall preach the Word of God at the said Chapel, and officiate the cure there successively from time to time to succeeding gener- ations for ever; and for want of such Preacher at the said Chapel, then for and during such time of vacancy of a Preacher only, to the use and behoof of the poor people inhabiting within Ovenden aforesaid; or of the Supervisors. of the highways in Ovenden, for repairing and amending the highways there, at the discretion of the said John Doughty, and the rest of the said Co-feoffees, and their heirs. And we find, that the same hath been duly performed hitherto.

Page 356


For the Benefactions of Richard Somerseales, and Isaac Bowcock, in Ovenden, see under Halifax.

Page 357


of a school there. And whereas the trade of making of cloth is a great help to many poor persons, and would be much more if men would be advised in the fear of God to make true cloth, my meaning is, that sixteen pounds of my goods shall remain as a stock in the township of Rastrick, to set poor and honest workmen in labour, but the property of the said goods shall remain and be unto Alexander Stock, Clerk, Parson of Heaton, and Edward Sunderland, Clerk, Preacher of the Word of God at Eland, and with their successors, Parsons of Heaton, and Preachers of the Word of God at Eland, from time to time, to succeeding generations for ever. Also I devise to them, the said Alexander Stock and Edward Sunderland, and their said successors, four pounds more, by them to be employed, with the said sixteen pounds, to the use of the poor afore- said, according to such note of direction as I have left under mine own hand for the same, so there be no employment thereof made to any Clothier that useth either to flock or. strain their cloth deceitfully.” Transcribed from an old manuscript in my own possession, formerly belonging to Edward Hanson, of Woodhouse.

Page 358




Page 359


of fifty years last past been profaned, and converted to other uses, till it was reformed by the statute temp. Eliz. for reviving of things given to charitable uses; since which time the said John Thornhill, and others, had bestowed great sums of money in repairing and enlarging the same, and maintaining divine service therein for a year last past; and that every Sunday and holiday a great number of people did resort thereto, and were likely so to do if divine service were continued, for that a great part of the inhabitants of the said township were two miles distant from their Parish Church of Eland, the ways foul in winter, and the cause- ways decayed for want of repairing; by reason whereof many who were willing to be present at divine service at Eland twice a day, were inforced in the afternoons to be absent; and many of the younger sort had taken occasion thereby to occupy themselves on Sundays and holidays in the after- noons at unlawful games; which abuses had been greatly reformed the last year, and were likely to continue so, if divine service might be provided for. And for that the said township of Rastrick was very small, consisting of not above twenty-four families, and the greatest part thereof poor cottagers, and the whole township not containing above twelve oxgangs of land, and therefore unable to bear the charges of celebrating divine service, or instructing youth in the said Chapel, and therefore humbly intreated his Honour to grant licence to the said Petitioners, &c. to inclose and improve from the waste and commons within the said town- ship, some few acres of ground, as might be least hurtful to the inhabitants there, and to convert the same to the use and benefit of those who should celebrate divine service, and keep a School in the said Chapel; for which grounds they were willing to pay yearly to his Majesty four-pence of new rent for every acre. On perusal of which petition, and con- ference had with Sir John Savile, one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer, who lived within two miles of the said Chapel, and affirmed the contents of the said Petition to be true, and that by means thereof the inhabitants of the manor of Brighouse, which are more remote from the Church than the inhabitants of Rastrick, may likewise resort to the said Chapel; also that none had right of common in the said inclosures to be made, except the said Petitioners, and

Page 360


Page 361


the poorest tenants children, living on any of my estates; and so many of the boys and girls as shall not be elected out of my said tenants children, shall be chosen by my Trustees, for the time being, out of the poor of the parish where the said School stands, the said Master to teach them to read and to write, and to prepare as many boys for the Latin tongue as my said Trustees shall judge to have capacity to learn the same: And I do hereby order that the said twenty children do always consist of more boys than girls. And my will further is, that my said Trustees do and shall, out of my said estate, pay, at four equal quarterly payments, to wit, Candlemas, May-day, Lammas, and Martin- mass, in every year, the clear yearly sum of forty pounds to a School-master for ever, sufficiently in- structed and skilled in the Latin and Greek languages, and of sound principles, according to the doctrine of the Church of England by law who shall teach and instruct as many of the aforesaid poor boys as shall from to time to time become fit to learn the Latin and Greek tongues; and that the said number of twenty boys and girls to be taught by the said two Masters as aforesaid, be from time to time kept up, and still to consist of a majority of boys. And I give full power to my said Trustees for the time being, or any two of them, to choose such School-master and School- masters, and from time to time to place, and for any misde- meanour, neglect, or other just cause, to displace them, or any of them, according to their discretion. And my will further i is, and I do hereby order, direct, and a

Page 362


the said boys and girls, at the end of every week: And also that my said Trustees do, and shall yearly for ever, pay to a sober, discreet, and careful woman, to be employed in the dressing of victuals, washing, bed-making, and other the necessary looking after the twenty boys and girls aforesaid, the sum of ten pounds, at four equal quarterly payments, (to wit,) at Candlemass, May-day, Lammas, and Martinmass, in every year, such woman to be chosen and displaced, from time to time, by my said Trustees, as they shall see cause. And my will also is, that the said Goat-house shall be sufficiently furnished, and kept furnished, by my said Trustees, with beds, bedding, and all other necessary furni- ture, for the entertainment and intent aforesaid, out of my said estate. AndIdo also hereby will, order, and direct, that each and every of the said boys shall, at his age of six- teen years, or thereabouts, have the sum of five pounds paid or applied by my said Trustees, out of my said estate, for and towards the fitting him for, or putting him an apprentice to some trade, occupation, or business, such trade or occu- pation to be in the choice of the boy and his parents, or relations, except only one of the said boys, that shall be best capable of University education, which I do hereby order shall, at the age of eighteen years, or so soon as he shall have school learning sufficient, be sent to Cambridge or Oxford, and shall be there maintained by my said Trustees, out of my said estate, at the rate of forty pounds per annum for four years, and no longer; after the expiration of which four years, another boy shall be sent upon the same footing as the former, and so to be continued one after another for ever; all and every such boy and boys to be from time to time chosen and elected by the said Trustees, or the majority of them, with advice of the Head School-master for the time being. Item, I give all my houshold goods whatsoever, with all my books that belong to me, either at North Shields, or any where in Yorkshire, towards the furnishing the aforesaid Goat-house, the said books to be catalogued, and carefully placed in some fit room, towards the foundation of a library, for the use of the twenty boys and girls aforesaid, and the said two School-masters. Item, my will is, and I do hereby direct, that in case the said John Wheelwright shall die without heir male, that then it shall be in the power of my other two Trustees, or their successors, to elect and

Page 363


another person of the sir-name of Wheelwright, who shall be invested with, and entitled unto, the same powers, profits, and privileges, as the said John Wheelwright is by this Will, in all respects whatsoever. And I do also order, that upon the deaths of the other two Trustees, Ely Dyson and Abraham Thomas, the survivor of them, and the said John Wheelwright, or his heir male, or such other person of the name of Wheelwright as shall be appointed as aforesaid, do and shall elect and appoint other Trustees, whom I desire may be honest, able, and faithful persons, living in the tenements wherein the said Ely Dyson and Abraham Thomas now dwell, in case there be any such, and for default of such, the two surviving Trustees to choose such other person and persons as they shall think fit to be Trustees from time to time, as often as occasion shall require. Item, I hereby order, will, and declare, that in case of any neglect or defaults happening by my said Trustees, or their succes- sors, to be elected as aforesaid, in not making of such elections of Trustees as aforesaid, or in the not duly per- forming the several trusts hereby in them reposed, or the non-payment of any of the bequests and charges hereby made by me upon my said estates, or any misapplication thereof, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this my Will, that then, and upon any such complaint made, and not otherwise, I do hereby authorise and impower the Arch- bishop of York, for the time being, to enquire into, and rectify all and every such abuse or default, and to put the same again upon the footing hereby intended, but without further power to intermeddle therein. Item, I do hereby will, order, and appoint, that the clear yearly sum of one hundred pounds per annum shall be, from time to time, paid out of my said estate, to such person and persons who shall more immediately be concerned in the managing and looking after the several trusts aforesaid, the said sum to be paid at four equal quarterly payments in every year. And I do hereby appoint the said John Wheelwright, during his natural life, to manage and look after the same; and after the death of the said John Wheelwright, it is my mind that the said other Trustees shall choose the son of the said John Wheelwright to manage the several trusts aforesaid, and after his decease, shall choose of the issue male of the body of the said John Wheelwright, and for default of such issue,

Page 364


shall choose and elect another person of the sirname of Wheelwright, to manage and look after the trust aforesaid. And my

Page 365


Page 366


and my will and mind is, that in case the said seven Chapels or Meeting-houses last mentioned, or any of them, shall cease to be made use of as places of Religious Worship by Protestant Dissenters from the Church of England, having such Teachers and Preachers as aforesaid, by the space of four years, either through the restraint and prohibition of the Civil Government, or otherwise, that then, from and im- mediately after such discontinuance of Religious Worship there, my said Trustees, their heirs and assigns, upon request, and at the proper costs of such person and persons as, at the time of such discontinuance of Religious Worship there, shall be or shall have last been Teacher or Teachers, or Preacher or Preachers, at such of the said seven Chapels or Meeting-houses last mentioned as aforesaid, where such discontinuance of Religious Worship shall be, or of the re- spective heirs of such Preacher or Preachers, Teacher or Teachers, in case such discontinuance of Religious Worship as aforesaid, shall be at the same seven Chapels or Meeting- houses, shall convey over all the same tenements, so to my said Trustees devised, to the use and behoof of such seven Preachers or Teachers last mentioned, and their heirs, equally to be divided amongst them as tenants in common and not as joint tenants; and in case such discontinuance of Religious Service as aforesaid shall have been only at some or one of such Chapels or Meeting-houses last men- tioned, then that my said Trustees shall so convey over one undivided seventh part of the same tenements so to them devised as aforesaid, to every such Preachers or Teachers of such of the said Chapels or Meeting-houses last mentioned, where such discontinuance of Religious Worship shall have so been, and his heirs, and to his and their use and uses, and to every of such Preachers or Teachers last mentioned, his Executors, or Administrators, my said Trustees shall pay over one full seventh part of the whole in seven equal parts to be divided, of the clear rents and profits of the said tenements last mentioned, which shall be or have been by my said Trustees received and raised from and after such discontinuance of Religious Worship at the said Chapels or Meeting-houses last On the decease of four Trustees, the survivors are, within three calender months, to choose four honest able persons,

Page 367


Protestant Dissenters from the Church of England as now by law established, and so.on from time to time.


There is 10s. paid annually to the Curate of this Chapel, for preaching a Sermon yearly in the said Chapel, on Whit- sunday, from a farm in Harley-wood, in Stansfield, called the Jumps. The inhabitants of Stansfield and Langfield, as it is said, did at the first building of this Chapel, charge their estates therein with the annual payment of twenty pounds to the Curate, which, as appears from an old Chapel rental, was paid in 1572, and is continued to this day.


The first School-master here was one Richard Wilkinson, whose presentation, (as preserved in the Register Book at Halifax Church, vol. 11.) was in the following words :

Page 368


_ The second Master was Robert Birron, who was buried April 28, 1629. The third, (though omitted by Mr. Wright,) Marsh. This Gentleman, as appears from the book be- longing to Mr. Waterhouse’s Trustees, was Master in 1649, &c. The fourth was Paul Greenwood, afterwards Vicar of Dewsbury, who was Master from 1652 to 1664, when he resigned. The fifth was John Doughty, who continued Master from 1664 till his death, which happened in October,

Page 369


In the 2d vol. of Halifax Register is a list of the Contri- butions towards the building of this School, more compleat than that in Wright, p. 20. And in vol. sii. is an account of money collected in 1634, towards purchasing lands for the same.



OF HALIFAX, Dated Sept. 9, 1606.

Y will and mind is, and I do, by this my present Will and Testament, give, devise, and bequeath to the Governors of the Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth, within the vicarage of Halifax, and to their successors, for ever, to the use and behoof of the said Free Grammar School, one annuity or yearly rent of twenty pounds of lawful English money, yearly issuing, and to be received of, in, and forth of all and singular my messuages, lands, tenenements, rents, reversions, possessions, and hereditaments, with their appurtenances, lying and bemg within the manor, lordship, town, or territories of Armyn, in the county of York, in the Feast of St. Martin, the Bishop, in winter, and Pentecost, yearly, for ever, by even portions, or contrariwise, in the same Feasts, as it shall happen by and after the death of me, the said Brian power of distress to the said Governors, if the above rent is unpaid, in part, or in all, by the space of twenty days after it becomes due as aforesaid.’’ See the Register at Halifax Church, vol. ii.

Page 370




Page 371


Banister can conveniently, and as speedily as may be, at after my death, bestow the sum upon one annuity or yearly rent of as great a value as possibly can be therewith pur- chased.And it is my will and mind, that the said annuity or yearly rent so therewith shall be purchased and yearly paid unto the said Mr. Broadley, immediately from and after the purchasing thereof, for during the term of his natural life ; and from and after the death and decease of the said Mr. Broadley, then it is my will and mind, that the said annuity or yearly rent shall remain to the Churchwardens, Over- seers, and Swornmen of Sowerby, for the time being, and to my Executor hereafter named, to be by them yearly be- stowed for ever upon a Preacher at Sowerby aforesaid for the time being hereafter, so that he be a Master of Arts; for it is my will and mind, that if at any time or times here- after there happen to be a Preacher at Sowerby aforesaid, which shall not be a Master of Arts, lawfully allowed and proved, that then or so often as it shall so happen such a Preacher or Preachers not being Master of Arts, shall have no benefit by this my present gift, but that the said annuity or yearly rent, for want of a Preacher being Master of Arts, shall remain to the said Churchwardens, and. Overseers, and Swornmen of Sowerby aforesaid for the time being, and to my Executor hereafter named, to be by them bestowed (and at their discretions) upon and amongst the poor people in- habiting within the township of Sowerby aforesaid, yearly, for and until a Preacher, being a Master of Arts, shall serve and preach at Sowerby aforesaid. Item, it is my will and mind, and I do hereby giye and bequeath the sum of ten pounds, to be disposed and bestowed by the Minister, Churchwarden, Overseer, and Swornmen of Sowerby afore- said, and by mine Executor hereafter named during his life, as followeth, that is to say, it is my will and mind, that they, the said Minister, Churchwarden, Overseer, and Swornmen for the time being, shall bestow and lend the same sum of ten pounds, gratis and freely, to such three poor handycraftsmen inhabiting within Blackwood Quarter, as they shall, in their discretions, think most convenient and meet, and do most stand in need of the same; that is to say, every man to have the sum of three pounds six shillings and eight-pence a-piece lent to him, upon good surety by them, and by their costs and charges to be made,

Page 372


that they will well and truly pay the same back again to the Minister, Churchwarden, Overseer, and Swornmen for the time being, and that they may lend the said sum of ten pounds to some other

Page 373


with appurtenances, are of the yearly rent to the King’s Majesty of five shillings two-pence, and for which Composi- tion is also made with the Lord, for certainty of the fine thereof; all which premises contain, by estimation, thirty acres and an half; and all rents and yearly profits reserved upon all, or any surrender, demise, or lease, heretofore made of the premises, or of any part thereof; and all other my customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, and here- ditaments, with appurtenances, in the Graveship of Sowerby abovesaid, in whose tenures soever the same be, to the use and behoof of my dear and right trusty friends, Robert Priestley and Richard Brigge, of Sowerby abovesaid, Yeo- men, their heirs and assigns, for ever, by service, according to the custom:of the said manor, therein to stand seized, as Feoffees in trust, to such uses, intents, purposes, limitations, and provisoes, as I by my last Will and Testament should mention, limit, and declare, with a proviso for revocation, and making void the said surrender,by payment or tender of twelve pence, to such persons,and in such sort,as in the said surrender is specified, as further by the tenure thereof (reference being thereunto made) more plainly may appear: Now therefore I, the said Henry Haigh, do hereby mention, limit, and de- clare, that it is my full will and mind, that they the said Robert Priestley and Richard Brigge, and their heirs, and the survivor of them, and his heirs, shall be, and stand Feoffees, and courted and admitted tenants of all the said premises surrendered as aforesaid, to all the uses, intents, limitations, purposes, and provisoes herein hereafter ex- pressed, limited and declared thereupon, (that is to say,) of intent and purpose that the Preacher of God’s Word, for the time being, at the Chapel of Sowerby aforesaid, being a Master of Arts, and preaching one Sermon upon every second Wednesday in these four months of the year, for ever, (viz. May, June, July, and August) shall have and receive, and take for his pains, twenty-six shillings eight-pence yearly, (viz.) six shillings eight-pence for each Sermon, to be paid monthly upon the same day wherein such Sermon shall be so made as aforesaid, forth of the rents, issues, and profits of the said two closes—in the occupation of John Bates,

Page 374


not preach as aforesaid, the said monthly payment of six shillings eight-pence shall be paid to my loving sister Sibill, wife of John Hide, and her heirs and assigns. If urpaid for ten days, the persons to whom the rents belong may make At Chaderton is an attested copy of this Will, from whence the above was taken ; also a copy of the above-named sur- render, and others of later dates; the estate which has gone by the name of Haigh’s Farm, is the property of Sir Watts Horton, of Chaderton, Bart. This money was once withheld for three years, on which Mr. Nathaniel Rathband, Curate of Sowerby, and M.A. pe- titioned Lord Keeper Littleton. Mr. Brearcliffe’s MS. sais, that it was detained in 1651, by Samuel Foxcroft.



GIVE and bequeath unto the township of Sowerby twenty pounds, to be employed for ever in manner and form following, (viz.) to be lent unto four poor inhabit- ants of the said town, for four years, by equal portions or parts, that is to say, to each of the said four inhabitants five pounds (gratis, or without paying of any loan or other consideration for the same) the said inhabitants putting in sufficient sureties to the Supervisors hereafter named for the repaying of the same at the end of the said four years; and after those four years, to four other poor inhabitants of the said town for four years more, in the same manner; and so from four years to four years,

Page 375


of this my last Will and Testament shall recover and receive the same of the said Supervisors, and shall divide the same amongst those unto whom I have given legacies, and their children.” This Trust is at present managed by Mr. John Priestley, of White-windows, in Sowerby, and the Ministers of Sowerby and Ripponden, no heir to the above Thomas Dobson being to be found. The date of this Will I have not seen, but it is older than 1651, as it is mentioned in -Mr. Brearcliffe’s MS. of that date:



Page 376


should be paid at Christmas, by one entire payment, to the Overseers of the poor of Sowerby, for the time being; and > that the Overseers should take one or two of the Heads of Sowerby, to see the distribution of the rents; and also im- powered the Overseers, and one or two of the Heads of the town, to let the said house to farm, for the use of the said poor persons, so oft as there should be occasion ; but the Executor, Josiah Stansfield, never made the inhabitants of the town of Sowerby acquainted with the said charitable bequest, letting the house to whom, and for what he pleased, and receiving the rents thereof to his own use, for about twenty. years; on which the Overseers of the poor for the town of Sowerby petitioned the Justices of Peace at the Quarter Sessions, in 1708, but what relief was cbtained I

Page 377


by the Minister and Churchwardens, or Chapelwardens, of the said parish or chapelry, for the time being; and also in trust that they, my said

Page 378


No. 779. The present overplus, after paying the School- master sixteen pounds, is thirteen pounds per annum.

Bounty to Sowersy CHAPEL.

It appears by an Indenture at Chaderton, in Lancashire, dated March 9, 1722, that Elkana Horton, of Gray’s Inn, Esq; in consideration of two hundred pounds from the Governors of Queen Anne’s Bounty, and one hundred pounds left by Edward Colston, of Mortlack, in Surry, Esq; sold to Nicholas Jackson, Clerk, Curate of Sowerby, and his success- ors, for ever, Lower Langley, alias Nether Langley, in Nor- land, containing eighteen acres, or thereabouts, of the yearly rent of seven pounds ten shillings

Page 379


six men and women I have already put into the said apart- ment, and successors, for ever, as shall be chosen by my gaid Trustees, and such others as their learned Counsel shall advise. I will that all the said three men and three women be of the age of sixty, and unmarried, and remain so during their continuing in their apartments, or be removed, or changed that condition, for this reason only, because the said apartments are not sufficient for more than one. I give unto each of the said six, two shillings and six pence a month, to be paid them at the end of each calendar month ;

Page 380


that so much of my real estate, or as much other estate be purchased, as will raise yearly sufficiently for paying the said allowances clear, and also keep the buildings in good repair for ever, and if more be set out than will do it, the overplus to be divided equally amongst the said six, and be settled in trust as Councel shall advise.”’ From an attested copy at Chaderton, in Lancashire.


Page 381


Divine Service there for ever, as is aforesaid. When only four of the said Feoffees remained, the surviving four Feoffees were to assure, surrender, and convey the said premises to the use and behoof of them the said four survivors, and their heirs, and to the use and behoof of the heirs of the said Feoffees that then shall be deceased, and their heirs, for ever, to the uses, intents, and purposes above- said, and no other ; and this course, in re-assuring and sur- rendering, to be observed for ever, as often as the interest and estate of the premises shall be in the hands of four Feoffees only. And lastly, all the parties to this indenture, and all the inhabitants of the Chapelry of Ripponden, prayed the Lord President of the Council then established in the North, and, in his absence or default, the Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster, the Lord Chaneellor of England, Lord Keeper for the time being, that in case of any suit or controversy concerning the premises, they would vouchsafe to see the true intent and meaning of those presents exe- cuted, and performed. The copy of the Surrender, said to be of the same date with the above presents, is by mistake dated Nov. 7, 80 Elizabeth ; the dimensions also of the ground are mistaken in the said surrender, which is at Chaderton, and which ought to be corrected by the deed above quoted. The Feoffees named in the above indenture were, Sir George Savile, Knt. John Savile, of Bradley, Esq; Thomas Gledhill, son of John Gledhill, of Barkisland, George Firth, of Firth-house, John Ramsden, of Bowers, Ellis Wormall, of Hill-house, Thomas Bothomley, of Bothomley, Michael Foxcroft, of Kebroide, Henry Priestley, of Baitings, Thomas Foxcroft, of Soyland, Nathan Hole, of Lighthasels, Michael Hole, of Blackshayclough, Richard Royde, of Beestonhirste, John Crosley, of Smalees, John Firth, of Royde, John Crosley, of Moor, younger, Richard Hole, of Burntmoor, Michael Godley, of Godley, John Firth, of Gootehouse, John Holroyd, of Scolecar, William Holroyd, of Cowcrofte, and Gilbert Holroyd, of the same,

Page 382


inconvenient, that it was found necessary to rebuild it, which I did at my own expence, to the amount of more than four hundred pounds, the inhabitants not giving the least assistance; and the present Curate, Mr. Thomas West, ‘obliged me farther to allow him the sum of ten pounds, to repair the barn there, which was not to his liking. Such, it seems, is the law relating to Dilapidations! Joun of Brigroyd, in Soyland, (as appears by the copy of a court-roll in my possession, dated at Wakefield, at the Court Baron of William Craven, Knt. and Edwin Wiatt, Esq; Lords of the Manor of Wakefield, in trust, for the use of Elizabeth Clapham, widow, held there Feb. 24, 84 Car. II.) surrendered, on the 25th of January, 84 Car. II. into the hands of the Lords of the Manor, the reversion, (after the death of the said John,) of a messuage or tenement called Field-end, in Soyland, with appurtenan- ances, and also of a mansion-house at Farrow-height, with two inclosures lately taken from Soyland-moor, containing, by estimation, six acres and half, to the use of John Gawk- roger, of Flathead, in Soyland, and Jeremy Riley, of War- ley, and their heirs, in trust, for the use of Martha Riley, of Brigroyd, and her lawful heirs; and for want of such, in trust, to pay the rents and profits thereof to the Overseer of the poor of Soyland, for the use of the poor of the said town, for ever: to be paid and distributed to the said poor, at the discretion of the said John Gawkroger and Jeremy Ryley, and their heirs, and the Overseer of the said poor, for the time being, for ever. This Charity is withheid, and has beon so for some time, I cannot even find that ever it was paid. A complaint was lodged at the last Commission for ‘Pious Uses in the West Riding, but was offered too late to have proper notice taken of it.

EXTRACT FROM THE WILL OF ELKANA HOYLE, of Soyland, Dated March 28, 1718.

Page 383


for ever issuing, going forth, and yearly paid out of my messuage, farm, or tenement, lands, tenements, heredita- ments, and premises, with appurtenances, at or near Light- hazels, called Lower Hoyle Heads, in the possession of Abraham Platts or his assigns, to be yearly paid to such Curate as aforesaid for ever, on the Ascension-day of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, commonly called Holy Thursday, provided such Curate preach a Sermon on that day in Ripponden Chapel aforesaid, and provided such Curate be a sound orthodox Preacher and Divine, according to the usage of the present Church of England as by law established, and shall have had University education, and come to be Curate there with the consent and good liking of the Owners of Upper Swift Place; or else, in default of such Sermon to be preached, or for want of such Curate so qualified, or good liking and consent as aforesaid, I do give the said three pounds per annum to the poor people of Soy- land aforesaid, for the time of such neglect, disqualification, or dissent.” The above was taken from an attested copy of the Will. The money has generally, if not always, been paid to the Curate of Ripponden for the time being, except from the year 1755 to the year 1761 inclusive, when it was given to the poor people of Soyland, my principles not corresponding with those of the Owner of Upper Swift Place.


WILL OF JAMES RILEY, of Kirklees, Clerk, Dated May 6, 17258.

Page 384


township, for the use of, and to be distributed to seven poor widowers or widows, and for want of such, to the most necessitous persons of the said town of Soyland, at the discretion of the Master or Owner of Kirkcliffe, and of the Overseers, and one or more of the chief inhabitants of Soy- land aforesaid. This charity is regularly distributed. See another part of this Will under Barkisland.


Original Expowment or Sv.

Page 385



Beneractions to

Page 386



[I cannot find that this Parish has given to the Church of any more than four Bishops, yet all men of real worth and primitive piety. The first of these to be mentioned in the order of time is Robert Copley, vulgo sprung from the old family of Copley’s, of

Page 388


CURATES : B. Berron, or Barron, 190, 198 J. Best, 190 R. Birron, 350 — Booth, 184 J. Booth, 152 R. Booth, 190 M. Boothe, 184 — Bovile, 192 T. Bower, 294 J. Bowker, 193 R. Boyes, 192 bis — Bradshaw, 190 G. Braithwaite, 186, 191

Page 390


Page 392


Page 393


Page 396


Return to the Huddersfield Exposed home page
View the list of other OCR'd books