Some Account of the Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library (1875) by George William Tomlinson (1837-1897)

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THE “ Account of the FOUNDERS of the HUDDERSFIELD SUBSCRIPTION LIBRARY” first appeared in the columns of the Huddersfield Daily Chronicle, and from the nature of the

subject attracted some attention among the older °

inhabitants of the town, who heard with pleasure the names of those with whom they were familiar in their youth. During the time the Papers were appearing, suggestions were made that they should be published in some more permanent form, and the author, glad that so much interest had been awakened in the subject, was very willing to carry out the wish, and has taken the opportunity of revising the whole of them and adding any additional information he could procure, so that they now contain: more than double the matter they did on their first appearance ; and this is, in a great degree, due to the friendly help that he has received on all hands. These papers are now placed in the hands of the public, in the hope that they may prove interesting to all who read them, and help to arouse a feeling of respect for the memory of those who played a prominent part in the public life of Huddersfield seventy years ago. I : GoW. ds 24, QUEEN STREET, I HUDDERSFIELD.

Ns Soa Mi ea ah Mee Te

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MIY the kindness of an esteemed friend, I have ‘| recently had an opportunity of seeing a copy of the first Book of rules, together with a list of the original founders of this institution, at the time of its formation in 1807. The Book is of the most unpretending character, and of homely appearance, but plain as it is, it seems to have been beyond the typographical resources of the town at that period, being “printed for F. Moon by E. Baines, of Leeds.” The rules appear to be much the same as at present, the chief interest of the Book consisting in the list of members, 42 in number, and although not seventy years ago, there are only five or six of them directly represented in the town at the present time. ‘There is something rather sad in this old list, in which, though there are a few names still familiar to some of us, the majority will be utterly unknown or forgotten in the Town, where they were so recently the moving spirits. Every day removes a fresh link, and the time is rapidly approaching when we ourselves, and all our doings,—our elections and other engrossing occupations,—will be forgotten

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as a dream. Sir Thomas Browne well says :— “Our fathers find their graves in our short memories, and sadly tell us how we may be buried in our survivors’.” It may be interesting to extract the list of members in full, and afterwards to give a few recollections of each. There is little time to lose, because Huddersfield is now in a sort of transitional state,— old buildings are being pulled down, old landmarks are being removed, and old faces are rapidly passing away,—and very soon the younger generation will not have the faintest idea of what the good old Town was, in the days before railways and telegraphs, in the days when the George Hotel formed one side of the market-place, when Westgate and Kirkgate were the principal thoroughfares, and Castlegate a fashionable street. I will now proceed with the list, taking the names seriatim, and give what information I have been able to collect about each.

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Those Names to which an Asterisk is prefixed are of the Committee for the present Year 1807.

MR. RADCLIFFE, Miln- |} Mr. Lees. Bridge House. Mr. Blackburn. *Mr. Thomas Atkinson, Mr. Allison. Mould-Green. Mr. Wilks. *Mr. Holroyd, Birkby. *Mr. Joseph Armitage, Lock- Mr. J. Horsfall, Thornton wood. Lodge. * Mr. Thomas Houghton. Mr. Crosland, Lock- || Mr. jone® Haigh, Golcar- wood. Hill. Mr. Joseph Walker, Las- Mr. Scott, Woodsome. celles - Hall. Mr. Woolley, Thorp. «Mr. Benj. Haigh, Gledholt. Mr. Armitage, Highroyd. *Mr. J. Sutcliffe, Jun. Mr. Bradshaw. Mr. J. Hawxby. * Mr. Whitacre, Woodhouse. Mr. J. Beck. Mr. Abraham Horsfall. Mr. Rowland Houghton. Mr. Roberts, Longwood- Mr. North, Lockwood. House. Mr. Nelson. * Mr. Allen, Greenhead, Mr. Hirst. Mr. J. Dobson, Jun. * Mr. Stables. Rey. Mr. Coates. Mr. Seaton. Mr. B. Lockwood, Jun., Mr. Greenwood. Coldersley. Mr. Hamer. Mr. J. Lockwood, Storth. Mr. James Crosland, Fennay. |] Mr. Hannah. Miss Crosland. *Mr. J. Battye. Mr. Wm. Cooper.

LIBRARIAN, MR. F. MOON, BOOKSELLER, Corner of Cloth-Hall-Street.

Edward Baines, Printer, Leeds.

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aR. RADCLIFFE, of Miln-Bridge House, is the first on the list of the Founders of the Library, better known afterwards as Sir Joseph Radcliffe. Mr. Radcliffe represented, through the female line, a junior branch of the Radcliffes of Radcliffe Tower, in the county palatine of Lancaster. This family can boast of very high antiquity, and some of its members have been ennobled. In. Foster’s Yorkshire Pedigrees, is an elaborate genealogy of the family, from which it appears, that Henry de Radclyffe (1) was living in the reign of Henry II. (¢. ¢, between 1154 and 1189), and married Booth, leaving a son and heir, William (2), who married Cecilia de Montbegon, and was living in 1211. Adam (3), son of the last-named, was living in 1246, and married a Curwen, and left a son named Robert (4), who died before 1291, and at his death was found seized of lands at Hartshead. He was married, but his wife’s name is unknown. His son Richard (5), who was living in 1304, married a Boteler, of Bewsey. His son William (6), who is the first of the family styled in the pedigree “ of Radcliffe Tower,” was living in 1331, and married one of the daughters and co-heiresses of Gilbert de Culcheth. Richard (7), son of the above, married a daughter of Plessington, and was living in 1358. His son William (8), married Susanna, daughter of Legh, of Adlington, and left a son James (9), who married Joan, daughter

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of Sir Richard Tempest, of Bracewell, Co. Ebor. He died in the year 1409. Richard Radcliffe (10), son of the last-named, was Knight of the Shire for his native county, and married Cecilia Ashton, of Ashton. He was succeeded in the family estate by his son James (11), who married Agnes Ruby, and was living in 1477. His son James Radcliffe, of Langley (12), died before 1496, leaving a son Owen (13), described as “ of Langley and Gray’s Inn,” who died in 1547. Richard (14), son of Owen, married Elizabeth, daughter of James Gerard, and died in 1577, leaving a son Edmund. Zdmund Radcliff, of Lickencote and Langley (15), married Anne, relict OF ka Pound, and daughter of Williams, of London, he left a son Henry (16), who died between 1623 and 1628, and had to wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kaye, of Wakefield. Admund (17), the ‘third son of Henry, is described as “ of Oldham,” and died in 1688, leaving a family, his second son being the Rev. Wm. Radcliffe holy orders. Through the marriage of this gentleman with the heiress of the Beaumonts of Meltham, the Radcliffes settled in this neighbourhood. The Beaumonts of Meltham appear to have been persons of much © consideration in their day, and it is almost fair to presume that they were connected with the original stock of the Beaumonts of Whitley, but I believe this point is not proved. In Mr. Hughes’ History of Meltham, there is a short, but very interesting account of the Beaumont and Radcliffe families, which com- - mences with a John Beaumont, but I am enabled

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to take this pedigree back one generation by the name of I I (1) Lawrence Beaumont, of Meltham, whose will, dated zoth September, 1553, was proved at York, 1554. Agnes, his wife, was buried 22nd December, 1557, leaving a son John. (2) John Beaumont, of Meltham, referred to above as being the first-named of the family in the History of Meltham, died roth August, 1582. His wife Isabella was buried 25th November, 1597. (3) John Beaumont, eldest son and heir of the preceding, was above 4o years old at the time of his father’s death in 1582. He married Agnes, widow of Thurstan Mottley, on the 28th May, 1573- (4) John Beaumont, the third of the name, was living in 1645. He married in 1607; Susanna, daughter of Woodhead, of Meltham. She was buried in 1620. He had three sons, Abraham, Adam, and George; the will of the latter is dated 14th June, 1659. (5) Abraham Beaumont, of Meltham, eldest son and heir of John, was baptised in 1608, and buried on the 23rd of June, 1673. He married Sarah, daughter of Hirst, of Almondbury. He was married three times, and left issue by two of his wives. (6) Abraham Beaumont, of Meltham, eldest son and heir of his father, died in 1707 without issue. He left the bulk of his property to the children of his sister Mary, who married the Rev. Wm. Radcliffe, the last-named in the Radcliffe pedigree.

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By his marriage with Mary Beaumont, the Rev. William Radcliffe had a numerous family—eight sons and two daughters ; the eldest son, Abraham, married twice, first to his cousin, Mary Beaumont, by whom he had three children, Abraham, his eldest son being founder of the Smithouse branch of the family. By his second marriage, Abraham Radcliffe had several children, the eldest son settling out in Charlestown, in the United States; he had also several daughters, Rachel, the second one, married to John Turner, of Hopton, attorney-at-law, repre- sented now by Mr. Turner. The fourth daughter, Abigail, married first the Rev. John Hiurst,* of Gledholt, near Huddersfield, by whom she had three daughters ; the eldest, Elizabeth, married Richard Atkinson, of Mould Green, merchant, and died in 1818, zt. 64; Dorothy, the second daughter, married Thomas Ramsden, of Bottoms, near Halifax, and had issue; Mary Hirst, the third and youngest daughter, married Joseph Beeston, of Manchester. Mrs. Hirst (or Hurst) married secondly Mr. James Crosland,

* There appear to have been two families of Hirst, resident in the town for several generations—one at Greenhead, the other at Gledholt: In the subsidy roll for Agbrigg and Morley taken 15 Henry VIII., published by the Yorkshire Arch. and Topog. Society, under the head of Huddersfield and Bradley, are the following names, “ John Hirst of the Greynhed, rated at £16 in goods, and John Hirst, of Gledholtt,: rated at 410 about the year 1599. Lucy Crosland of Crosland Hill married one of the Hirsts of Greenhead,” and in one of the rooms at Greenhead there is the following inscription, ‘* L.H.— R.H.1608,” in one of the panels of the ceiling, very probably the initials of this Lucy and her husband.

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of Deadmanstone, by whom she had no issue; she died in 1799, at the age of 75, and was buried at Almondbury. Mary, the fifth daughter of Abraham Radcliffe, was baptised in 1724, and married, first William Armitage, of Woodhouse, and secondly Joseph Bradley, of Newhouse, near Huddersfield. She was living without issue in 1807. The second son of the Rev. William Radcliffe and Mary Beaumont was the Rev. John Radcliffe, chaplain to Queen Anne. The third son, (19), married, at Marsden, in 1706, Elizabeth, daughter of John and Dorothy Taylor, of Miln-Bridge—Miss Taylor was one of two sisters* who inherited their father’s property—and

* Dorothy, the younger sister of Miss Elizabeth Taylor, was baptised at Huddersfield, on the 20th August, 1674, and married William Walker, son of Edmund Walker, of Hudders- field, said to have been an eminent drysalter. William Walker, in 1705, bought Copley Hall, and the demesne lands of Lady Mary Howard and her son the Duke of Norfolk. He died without issue, and there is a monument to his memory in Dewsbury Church, with the following inscription :— ‘* Here lyeth the body of Wm Walker late of Wakefield, Gent. Who besides many distinguished acts of Charity in his lifetime left by his will 4007 for a free School in this Town and 20/ per annum for a free School at Golcar in the parish of Huthersfield. He died ye 21st Oct. 1732, aged 63. Wm Dawson of Wakefield Carr, his nephew and heir, out of gratitude and duty, dedicated this monn to his memory ” Mary, the sister of William Walker, married in 1717 the Rey. Thomas Heald, Vicar of Huddersfield.

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by this marriage the Colne Valley property came into the Radcliffe family. Miss Taylor was married twice, her first husband being John Dawson, styled “of Miln-Bridge, Esqre.,” but by him she appears to have had no issue: The eldest son of Wm. Radcliffe and Elizabeth Taylor was William Radcliffe, of Milnes-Bridge House, Esqre., he was Lieut.-Colonel of the West York Militia and Justice of the Peace for the West Riding, and died unmarried 26th September, 1795, aged 85. ‘The second son, Charles, married Francina Towne, daughter of Ri- chard Towne, of York, by whom he had issue, three daughters, the eldest marrying her cousin Radcliffe, of Smithouse, the second married Mr. Horncastle, the third daughter Mr. Bond. William Radcliffe had also a daughter, Mary (20), who was baptised at Huddersfield, in 1707, and died in 1747, and was buried in the chancel of the church, at Ashton-under- Lyne. She married Joseph Pickford, of Alt Hill, in the parish of Ashton-under-Lyne ; they had several children, of whom: Joseph, the eldest, is the subject” of this notice. Wm. Radcliffe, dying unmarried, left his nephew, Joseph Pickford, heir to his estates, on condition of his assuming the name and arms of sadcliffe, which he did, by virtue of Royal sign manual dated roth December, 1795, thus being the twenty-first in succession from Henry de Radcliffe. The arms of the family are: Argent, a bend engrailed sable, charged with a crescent of the field for difference; motto “ Caen, Cressie, Calais,” said to have been given to one of this family during the wars with

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France under the Black Prince and Edward III. It may be interesting here to refer to the Pickford family which had its origin at Macclesfield, where they are still commemorated by a street bearing their name: The first of whom there is any account is James Pickford (1), who was twice married—the second wife dying in 1662. He left a son James (2), who married Grace, daughter of John Morewood, of the Oaks, in the parish of Bradfield ; he died in 1666, and was buried at. Macclesfield. He was succeeded by /onathan(3), married to Alice, daughter of John Lees, of Alt Hill, in the parish of Ashton- under-Lyne, in the county palatine of Lancaster. He died in 1690, and was succeeded by his son (4), of Ashton-under-Lyne. John Pickford married a lady from Leicestershire, and left a son Joseph (5), who married Miss Mary Radcliffe, as mentioned above. He died in 1755, at the age of 48. The Arms of the Pickfords are cheguy, or and azure, on a Jess gules three lions rampant proper: crest, a lion’s head. evased proper,—motto, Virtus propter se. This motto is still retained by the Radcliffe family notwithstanding the change of arms and name. I Mr. Radcliffe was educated at the Manchester Grammar School, and was present at the Anni- versary meeting in 1802; he was also one of the Feoffees of the School. Mr. Radcliffe was a magistrate for the counties of Lancaster, Chester, and Derby, and for the West Riding of York. It is not necessary for me to say much about Mr. Radcliffe,— he lives among us still, thanks to “ the art that

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15 can immortalize” in the characteristic and life-like portrait by Owen, now in the Court-house » at Wakefield, of which the fine engraving by Sharp is so deservedly popular in this neighbourhood. As he is represented in that picture, so he seems to have been in active life, bluff, self-reliant, and courageous. He lived in troublous times, when the duties of those who were responsible for the maintenance of order must have been very onerous, requiring great promptitude and decision of character. Mr. Radcliffe appears to have been equal to the occasion, and, on the recommendation of Lord Fitz- william, his services were rewarded with a Baronetcy, conferred in a manner at once exceptional and highly honourable, as the following correspondence will show :— MILTON, 15 Dec., 1812.

Dear Sir, Nothing can be so honourable to an individual, as when the public voice calls for some mark of public consideration being bestowed upon him: I have reason for thinking that the dis- turbed parts of the clothing district feel so strongly impressed with a sense of your indefatigable and unremitted exertions as a magistrate, the risks and dangers you have, and are now braving, with un- daunted fortitude, in the service of the country, for the discovery of the disturbefs of its tran- quillity, that it is the earnest wish of the most respectable gentlemen that an honourable mark of the Royal approbation should be conferred upon you: such an one as-is suitable to the independent fortune you possess, and the high consideration you > enjoy among your neighbours. Allow me to ask would a baronetage be acceptable,

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and I must go further, and still put another question, would it be acceptable to you to receive it on the recommendation and at the solicitation of his Majesty’s Lieutenant, stating the meritorious services (so ample a field for description), as the ground on which he makes his request? I feel the necessity of being explicit, because circumstanced as I am with the Administration, I can ask, as an individual, no favour ; nor can I assume that you would receive one at my hands but as an officer of the Crown. I feel myself justly recommend, for public reward, those who, in the department committed to my superintendence and care, render indisputable and essential service on emergencies of the most trying and alarming nature.—I have but one word to add, which is to assure you that it will be most gratifying to me to receive your permission to proceed in this business : being, with sincere esteem, very truly yours,


WHITEHALL, 18 Sepr., 1813. Sir, I have the honour of communicating to you the gracious intention of H.R.H. the Prince Regent forthwith to confer upon you the dignity of a Baronet of the United Kingdom. It is with great satisfaction that I convey to you such a testimony of the opinion entertained by H. R. Highness of that loyal, zealous, and intrepid conduct which you have invariably displayed at a period when the West Riding of the County of York presented a disgraceful scene of outrage and plunder ; and by which, in the discharge of your duty as a magistrate, you contri- buted most materially to re-establish in that quarter, tranquillity and obedience to the laws, and to restore security to the lives and property of His Majesty’s subjects. —

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I have the honour to be, sir, Your most obedient and faithful servant,

SIDMOUTH. JosEPH RapcuirrE, Esq.

WENTWORTH, 22 Sep., 1813. Dear Sir, This morning’s post brought a letter from Lord Sidmouth to announce the pleasing com- munication of the Regent’s intention to confer on you the dignity of a Baronetage, “in consideration of your exemplary, useful exertions as a magistrate in the West Riding at a period of the utmost dif- ficulty, alarm, and danger.” Though Lord Sidmouth says in his letter that he shall make the communica- tion to you, I cannot refrain from troubling you with these few lines, to express how truly I consider the dignity to have been earned by the services performed ; how much I think it for the public interest necessary that exertions of this nature should not pass un- noticed by Government ; but on the other hand, they ought to be held up, as-in this instance they now are, as examples for similar exertions in similar emergencies ; and, lastly, to add, that a measure more acceptable to the West Riding could not have been adopted than this acknowledgment (so it will be considered), on the part of the Government, of the eminent service rendered by your exemplary - firmness and exertions. I am, dear sir, Most truly yours,

WENTWORTH-FITZWILLIAM. JosEPH RADCLIFFE, Esa. Sir Joseph Radcliffe married three times, his first wife was Katharine Percival, of Royton, by which _ Marriage the Royton property came to the Radcliffes. There was only one this marriage, William

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Percival Pickford, born in 1763, and died in 1815 without issue. Mrs. Pickford was buried at Royton, where she is commemorated as follows :—

In Memory of Katharine Pickford, ‘A sincere Christian. How lovd, how valued once, avails thee not, To whom related or by whom begot, A Heap of dust alone remains of thee, ’Tis all thou art and all the proud shall. be. She died May 15th, 1765, in the 26th year of her Age.

Royton, it may be noted here, belonged to the Byrons from the time of Edward II., and was sold by the second Lord Byron to Thomas Percival in 1662. The arms of the Percivals, according to Burke, are: Quarterly 1st and 4th, argent, on a chief indented gules 3 crosses patée of the field ; and and or, Barry nebulee of six or and gules. The second wife of Sir Joseph was Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of Richard Sunderland, of Croydon, Co. Surrey, Esq., grandson of Langdale Sunderland, of High Sunderland and Acton, Co. Ebor. By this marriage (which took place in 1765), there was a numerous family, the eldest son being the Rev. Joseph Pickford, educated in the first instance at Manchester School, and afterwards at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated in 1789, and took Holy Orders—he had charge of several parishes, among others Royton, Kippax, and finally Acomb, near York, where he died in 1804. He married in 1796 Mary, only daughter of Sir John Archibald Grant, of Monymusk, in the county of Aberdeen, by whom he had an

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only son—the second Baronet. Mrs. Pickford, his wife, died in 1834, aged 67. The second son of Sir Joseph was Charles Pickford, of whom there is an in- teresting account in the Manchester School Register,* from which it appears that he was born in 1769, and entered the Royal Navy in his thirteenth year. He obtained his first commission in 1794—served as lieutenant in the sloop Suffisante,” under Captain Nicholas Tomlinson, at the capture of “La Revanche,”.a French brig. In 1804, he dis- tinguished himself greatly at Goree, in recapturing that fort from the French, and was entrusted with Captain Dickson’s dispatches to the Government announcing that fact. Lieutenant Charles Pickford was forthwith gazetted captain, and the Committee of Lloyd’s voted him a silver vase, to show their sense of his “ distinguished talents”; a gold hilted sword was also given to him. Captain Pickford married Mary Emily, daughter of C. Mackinnon, Esq., of Skey, by whom he left one son, the Rev. Francis Pickford, rector of Hagworthingham, Co. Lincoln—all the rest of his family dying young. By his second marriage, Sir Joseph had six daugh- ters: (1) Elizabeth, who died unmarried in 1810; (2) Mary, who married firstly Joseph Starkey of Red- vales, Esq., and secondly Dr. Macbride, Principal

* The Manchester School Register, 3 vols. 4to, MDCCCLXVI— MDCCCLXVIII—MDCCCLXXIV, edited for the Chetham Society, by the Rev. J. Finch Smith, M.A., Rector of Aldridge, Staf- fordshire.

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of Magdalen Hall, Oxford; (3) Katharine, died unmarried in 1800; (4) Harriet, married at Hud- dersfield, in 1803, to William Alexander, of Halifax, Esq., M.D., and died in 1808; (5) Hannah Pickford, _ Married at Huddersfield, in. 1808, to William Wil- « cock, of Halifax, Esq. ; (6) Frances, died unmarried in 1861. The arms of Sunderland and Radcliffe appear in the window under the south gallery in the Parish Church at Huddersfield as follows: Quarterly 1st and 4th, Radcliffe (as above) and and 3rd, per pale argent and azure, three lions passant in pale counterchanged, for Sunderland. The second Mrs. Radcliffe died in 1804. It was at her request that the name of Radcliffe was not taken by the whole of the family—from a wish that the name of Pickford might not be lost. She was buried at Royton, and in the Church there is the following inscription on her monument :—

To the Virtuous memory of Elizabeth Radcliffe The most intireley loving, and beloved wife of Joseph Radcliffe of Milnsbridge in _ the West Riding of the County of York, Esq Who died the 26th March 1796 aged 48 Ecc 7th & 36th Remember thy end = thou shall never do amiss.

Joseph Starkey Esq: who married Mary Daughter of Joseph Pickford Esq: of Royton Hall died July 7th 1803 aged 38.

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Wm Percival Pickford Esq. son of Sir. Joseph Radcliffe Baronet of Milnsbridge House, in the West Riding of the County of York: by Katharine Percival of Royton, his first wife, died Decr 1815 aged 52.

Sir Joseph Radcliffe married thirdly, in 1807, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard’ Creswick, Esq., of Sheffield, by whom he had no issue. He died at Clifton, near Bristol, in 1819, and was buried at Royton, by the side of his first wife. Over his grave at Royton is the following inscription :—

To the memory of Sir Joseph Radcliffe Bart of Milnesbridge House Yorkshire and of Royton Hall, Lancashire, Died at his House at Clifton near Bristol the 19th of Feby 1819 in the 74th year of his age and is buried in the Vault beneath. An upright and conscientious man in every relation of life, for whose prompt and judicious exertions as an intrepid magistrate during a period of insubordination, danger and alarm, in which he stood alone, his Sovereign created him a Baronet with the singular favour of a gratuitous patent. He acted up in every sense of the word to the motto of his family Virtus propter se.

Lady Radcliffe survived her husband many years, dying in 1855, exactly ninety years after the death of the first Mrs. Pickford.

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In a short notice of Sir Joseph, which appeared in the “Gentleman’s Magazine,” at the time of his death, he is spoken of “as one of the few remaining examples of old English hospitality.” There are many stories told about Sir Joseph, all turning on a certain rough, but hearty English manner, which perhaps helped to make him so great a favourite among his neighbours. It would be interesting to know more of the early History of the Manor of Marsden, of the origin of Milnsbridge House, and the Taylor family, but the subject appears rather obscure at present, and offers a field for the exertions of local antiquaries. 7

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ae OMAS ATKINSON, of Moldgreen, was {B41 one of the earlier members of a family which came originally from Parkhead in Cumberland. ‘The first of whom I have any record is Joseph Atkinson, who died at the age of 70, in 1772. He left four sons, Thomas, Joseph, Michael, and Richard. Thomas (the subject of this notice) was in 1738. His wife, Mrs. Susannah Atkinson, died in 1795, aged 50, leaving a daughter, also named Susannah, who afterwards married her cousin, Law Atkinson. Mr. Atkinson built the two houses at Moldgreen which have lately been purchased and pulled down by the School Board; he resided in one of them, and used to drive to service at the Parish Church in the first carriage that ever came into the town—the horses being hired at the Rose and Crown. Mr. Atkinson died on the rst October, 1817, at the ripe age 79. In the Life of the Rev. Henry Venn there are several letters addressed to this gentleman, about the year 1764. At page 95, there is also the following note :—“ Mr. Thomas Atkinson, to whom the two next letters were a addressed, had left Huddersfield for a few years, to reside in London, and afterwards became an extensive manufacturer at Moldgreen, near Hud- dersfield. He was a man of strong powers of mind, great decision of character, and large benevolence of heart; and exhibited throughout all his transac- tions in life the genuine influence of the gospel of Christ.” In Kirkheaton Church, there is a series of

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monuments in the Chancel, which give very full particulars of the family, from which I extract the rollowing dates:— Joseph Atkinson, of Bradley Mills, died 6th Novr. 1772, aged 70.—-Elizabeth his wife died 26th Seni 1791, aged 82. : Joseph Atkinson (son of the above and brother of the subject of this notice), died 29th October, 1807, I aged 76.—Ann his wife died 22nd March, 1816, aged 77. They had a numerous family, now all dead—viz :—Law Atkinson (of Moldgreen), eldest son, who married firstly his cousin Susannah, as mentioned above, and secondly, Elizabeth, second daughter of John Edwards, Esq., of Pyenest, near Halifax. Joseph (of the Grove), second son, died 31st July, 1831, aged 60; Thomas, the third son, died zoth March, 1828, aged 59; and Charles, the youngest son, who died in 1870, at the advanced age of 89 ; this gentleman was the Actuary at the Savings Bank, in Buxton Road, for many years. Mr. Thomas Atkinson, the third son, was married twice, his second wife being Mary Margaret, sister of B. N. R. Battye, Esq. ; she died in 1865, aged 76. Mr. T. Atkinson was a woollen manufacturer and cotton spinner at Colne Bridge, and lived in the house now occupied by Mr. S. W. Haigh. The mill was burnt down in 1816, causing the loss of many lives. He was also a captain in the Yeomanry, and very active against the Luddites, so much so that it is said he was the next man marked to be shot after Mr. Horsfall. He was married to Miss

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Battye, at Wakefield, having at the time a brace of pistols in his pockets. There were also two other sons of the first Joseph Atkinson, Michael, the second son, and Richard, the fourth son, the latter is the gentleman named in the Radcliffe pedigree as marrying Miss Elizabeth Hirst, daughter of the Rev. John Hirst and Abigail Radcliffe, his wife. Richard Atkinson (of Aspley) died in 1825, aged 80 years, his wife, Elizabeth, died in 1818, aged 64. Charlotte, their daughter, died in 1822, aged 50. The representatives of this branch of the family are now living in Leeds. The arms of the Atkinsons are: Ov, an eagle displayed. gules, on a chief azure, three mullets- of the first.

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R. THOMAS HOLROYD, of Birkby, was formerly a merchant in the town, and appears to have been a wealthy man. In his will he left £300 to Seedhill Schools, and a like amount to the Leeds Infirmary, he also left in trust the same sum “for the benefit of the Huddersfield © Infirmary,”—‘“ provided the said Infirmary shall be maintained and kept open for the period of five years from the time of its first being opened for that purpose.” Mr. Holroyd left other legacies amounting to more than £20,000, besides considerable landed property. He was a great lover of music, and in his will directs which of his friends are to have his different music books and instruments. Among other things, the chamber organ was left to Mr. Joseph Bottomley, of Sheffield, and at his decease to Charles John Bond. The late Mr. Parratt* bought the interest of the legatees in the organ, and it was used at Seedhill Schools during the rebuilding of the Parish Church. The organ (which by the way is now at Thurlstone) was made by the famous old German maker, Schnetzler, and was a very fine instrument. There is a monument to the Holroyd family in the Parish Church :—

* Mr. Holroyd was mainly instrumental in bringing into the town Mr. Parratt, who presided at the organ of the Parish Church for the long period of fifty years ; the post being still worthily filled by his eldest son, Mr. Henry Parratt. Mr. Walter Parratt, his second son, is organist at Magdalen College, Oxford, he has a distinguished career before him. The late Mr. Parratt died in 1862, in his seventieth year.

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In Memory of Thomas Holroyd, Late of Birkby, Merchant, Obit June 21st, 1779, 72 years. Lydia Holroyd, Relict of the above, Obiit Sepr. 6th, 1785, stat 71 years. Also Thomas Holroyd, of Birkby, Son of the above Thomas and Lydia Holroyd, Obit April 25th, 1833, etat 83 years. This tablet was restored by Thomas Robinson, successor to the late Thomas Holroyd. Also Lydia Robinson, sister to the said Thomas Robinson, Obit April 6th, 1847, ztat 43 years. Also the said Thomas Robinson, Obit at Huddersfield, May oth, 1852, zetat 66 years. Also’ Mary Ann Robinson, sister of the above Thomas Robinson, obiit March*1rath, 1866, 69 years. All the above are interred in the crypt of this church.

There is a coat of arms above, which is as follows : Azure, on a fesse dancette argent between three griffins passant wings endorsed or as many escallops gules. Crest: A demt-griffin segreant wings endorsed sable, holding between the claws a ducal coronet. Motto: Pretium non vile laborem.

Mr. Holroyd became blind during the latter years of his life, and had as companion a gentleman named Mr. Bond, to whom he left £200, and the reversion of the organ as before stated. He used to sit in one of the front pews of the south gallery of the Parish Church.

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HORSFALL, of Thornton Lodge, I is the next on the list. I have not been I able to glean much information about this except that he was a magistrate, and carried on ‘business as merchant and manufacturer in partnership with his nephews, the warehouse being in the Beast Market and the mills at Marsden. One of the nephews was the ill-fated William Horsfall who was shot by the Luddites in 1812, as he was returning to Marsden. ‘There is a monument in the Parish Church with the following inscription :— In Memory of I Ellen wife of John Horsfall of Thornton Lodge, Esquire I who departed this life on the 27th day of Novr. 1820 I aged 64 years. I _Also of Mark Horsfall their son, who departed this life I on the 8th day of January, 1824, aged 25 years. I Also of two of their children Mathew and John North Horsfall I who died in infancy. I Also of the aforesaid John Horsfall of Thornton Lodge, Esquire I who departed this life on the 17th day of March, 1831, I aged 79 years. All of whom are interred in the Vaults of this Church. In Memory also of Ellen wife of Wm. John Norris of Halifax, Esquire, I daughter of the aforesaid John Horsfall, Esqre., who departed I this life at Radwell House, shire, on the 25th day of I May, 1838, aged 48 years, and whose remains are deposited in I the Parish Church of Radwell.

There is a hatchment of Mr. Horsfall’s arms in the Parish Church, which are as follows: Gules, a bezant between 3 horses. heads couped argent bridled azure, impaling argent, 2 chevronels between 3 mullets sable for North; crest: @ horse's head, ermine.

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Mr. Sydney Norris, brother of the gentleman before named, succeeded Mr. Horsfall in business, and the firm was carried on under the firm of Norris, Sykes, and Fisher.

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SAE now come to the name of Mr. JOSHUA 4 Vi Viel ~CROSLAND, of Lockwood, and as this gentleman was the brother of Mr. James Crosland, of Fenay, and of Miss Crosland, whose names occur further down the list, it will be advisable to give an account of them together. They were the children of Mr. James Crosland, attorney, of Deadmanstone—a member of the old family of the Croslands of Crosland Hill; and supposed by the late Mr. Nowell to be descended from the Rev. George Crosland, M.A., Vicar of Almondbury, whose death in 1636 is referred to in the registers in the following terms :—

‘“‘Georgius Crosland, clericus, in artibus magister, Vicarius hujus ecclesiz, vir pius ac perquam doctus, studiosus et in concionibus frequens, in Sacris scrip- turis etiam cum patribus exercitatissimus, postquam preefuisset huic plusquam 38 annis A° 64° sepultus est xxx° die.”

Mr. James Crosland, senr., married in 1760, Ellen, daughter of Mr. Daniel Battye, of Crosland Hill, and had issue, Daniel, baptised in 1761, Hannah in 1764, James in 1765, Ellen in ee Mary in 1769, and Joshua in 1772. Mr. Joshua Crosland, the youngest son of his father, followed the family profession of the Law, having his office in King Street, where the Diana inn now stands. Here he took into partnership his nephew, the late Mr. J. C. Fenton. Mr. Crosland married a Miss Atkinson, of York, and had one daughter, who died an infant in 1804. He

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resided at Lockwood, in the house afterwards occupied by his nephew, and recently by Mr. Alfred Crowther. Mr. Crosland died the 13th of March, 1825, aged 52 years, and is buried in the south east corner of Almondbury Churchyard. Mr. JAMES CROSLAND, of Fenay, was the second son of his father, and elder brother of Mr. Joshua Crosland. He was born in 176s, and married Martha, daughter of Robert Rockley Battye, by whom he had a son, who died young, and three daughters, now living in Clare Hill, and to whom I am indebted for considerable assistance in compiling this notice. Mr. Crosland was a cloth merchant, and carried on business in New Street; he is buried at Almondbury, and over his grave in the Chancel there is a monument with the following inscription :—

In memory of James Crosland lately of Fenay in this Parish, afterwards of Clough Cottage, in the parish of Huddersfield, who died June 25th, 1837, aged 72. Also of Martha his wife who died at Fenay, Novr. 2oth, 1809, aged 30. The Miss CROSLAND, whose name follows, I take to be the sister of the two brothers. just named. It may be noted here that Mr. Daniel Crosland, the eldest son, is styled in the Registers “of Huddersfield.” He was a solicitor, and died

unmarried in 1799, at the age of 30.

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As the Croslands of Deadmanstone claim descent from the family of Croslands of Crosland Hill ; it may be well here to give a short account of that family ; the ancestral seat is still standing among the remains of one or two avenues, and although divided into cottages, still shews traces of its former importance. In Dugdale’s Visitation of Yorkshire in 1665, and in the Harl. M.SS., No. 4630, will be found pedigrees of the family, from which I gather the following particulars. Zhomas Crosland (1) was living at Crosland Hill about the year 1560, he died in 1587, and was succeeded by his son Thomas (2) who married Dorothy Kay, of Thorp, Co. Ebor. The second Thomas had a numerous family, five sons and three daughters, the four eldest sons, Thomas, Giles, Matthias, and William all died either without issue or unmarried, and the line was continued by (3), the fifth son. The three daughters were, Judith, who married a gentleman named Booth, a Doctor of Physic; Lucy, who married Mr. Hirst of Greenhead ; and the third daughter married a Mr. Lancashire of Manchester. Nathaniel Crosland married Jane, daughter of Gawyn Hymers, of Shields, in the Bishoprick of Durham, by whom he had issue, Zhomas (4), eldest son and heir, and six daughters, Thomasin, married to George Good, of Kingston-upon-Thames ; Lucie, married to Thomas Hill, of Fulham; Jane, married Thomas Simpson, of Brafferton, Co. Ebor.; and Mary, Esther, and Susan, who died unmarried. Nathaniel Crosland was a Captain of Horse in the

Page 35


army of King Charles the rst, and died about 1644. Thomas Crosland (5), eldest son of the preceding, married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Breary, alderman of York, and had issue, Thomas, eldest son and heir; Christopher, who died young; and two daughters, Elizabeth and Jane. ‘Thomas died on the 13th September, 1665, aged 28; and was succeeded by his son, Zhomas Crosland (6), of whom there is a short account in the Yorkshire Arch. and Top. Journal, Vol. I., page 254, and also page 1o1, in Vol. II. In these notes he is described as “of Cobcroft, near Womersley.” He was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge, and was ordained Deacon in 1684, and Priest in the following year; he married in 1683, Mary, daughter of Dr. Marmaduke Cooke, some time Vicar of Leeds. In 1685 he succeeded to the living of Kirk Bramwith, which he held until his death, which took place in 1714. He left a son TZhomas (7) and two daughters, Elizabeth and Mary. Thomas Crosland, the son of the clergyman, was a student of Jesus College, Cambridge, and died unmarried in 1707. The old house and estate at Crosland Hill were sold by the Rey. Thomas Crosland to Matthew Wilkinson, Esq., of Greenhead, in the parish of Huddersfield, whose and sole heiress married Sir John Kaye, Bart., of Denby Grange. It was sold by the Kayes in 1783 to John Battye, attorney-at-law, son of Daniel Battye, attorney, of Huddersfield. One branch of this family settled at Helmsley, in the North Riding, but is now extinct.

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The arms of the family are: Quarterly argent and gules, a cross bottonee counterchanged of the fied. In the Register of Almondbury, there are nu- merous entries of the Croslands of Crosland Hill, which I have been allowed to extract by the kind permission of the Rev. Canon Hulbert.

BURIALS. John Crosland, 23 Oct., 1560. Jonn, 800 Of TOWN 26.3400: 20 Novr., 1562. Marion, wife of Uh0S, C. «54.5. tases rhs 29 Decr., 1565. Toanna, wife of Thos, aes 11 July, 1575. Michael, son of Thos. 23 June, 1577. Sarah, - dais: OF ‘THOS. (as a fs 7 Nov., 1593. Dorothy, relict of Thos. C. 12 Apr., 1634. OOS Ce snd ies - Oct. FORD Gon eh odes sa te Contin 10 Feby., 1642. Sarah, dau. of Thos. C. ica £34 puis 6 Augt., 1643. BAPTISMS. John, son of John Crosland 11 May, 1561. Johanna, dau. of JOHN 1 June, 1561. Thomas, son of Thomas 23 Augt., 1561. Richard, Son O§ J OUI +s > sy? 28 Oct., 1564. Anne, daa. Of rp 24 Augt., 1565. William, S08 Qf JONI. oder 8 Sep., 1566. I John, son of 31 Oct., 1568. Lucy, Gan. Of TOs... essen 28 Noy., 1569. Michael, son Of do. 290 (350: OE + OO... bo 8 Feb., 1572.

Susanna, dau. Of do. 16 May, 1574.

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Luke, son of Thomas Crosland (?) 10 July, 1575.

Sarah, dau. of OO 18 Oct., 1593. Raves GON OE FVM. Coe 5 Apr., 1607. 10RD CONE 5 no GD. a 29 Augt., 1619. Wilkam, gon of: obs: 19 May, 1633. Sereh, das. Of Thomas 00.03 5 March, 1642. soe et 25 Jan. 1651. MARRIAGES.

(N.B. From the mode of entry, it cannot be said where these persons lived—there are, of course, other Croslands included in the list, besides those of Crosland Hill.)

John C. & Alice Armytage 8 June, 1558. Richard C. & Elizth. Green 3 Sep., Richard C. & Agnes Charlesworth 9 July, 1564. William C. & Alice Littlewood......... I1 June, 1569. William C. & Annabella Dawson 6 Nov., 1575. John C. & Margaret Lockwood......... 15 June, 1577. CE Aas OMG oii Ir June, 1581. Thomas C. & Jane Green 00. Ir June, 1581. Thomas C. & Alice Goodall 27 Feby, 1586. Thomas C. & Dorothy Kaye............ 12 Feb., 1587. John Crosland & Elizabeth Kaye...... 13 Apr., 1589. George C. & Elizabeth Denton 11 May, 1590. Thomas C. & Johanna Ainley I June, 1590. William C. & Beatrice Phetiems 5 Feb., 1592. John C. & Dorothy Armitage 28 May, 1593. John C. and Elizabeth Borne Ir June, 1593.

Edward C. & Elizabeth Harrison...... 14 Oct., 1594. William C. & Anna Lockwood......... 24 Nov., 1595.

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Humphrey C. & Anna Littlewood ...13 Sep.,

Richard C. & Agnes Hirstcliff 28 Apr., John Horsfall & Dorothy C............. 13 Nov., John C. & Dorothy Clayton rr Devs John C. & Beatrix Harrison ..29 July, Thos. C. & Frances Hall.............6, 25 Feb., Thos. C. & Johanna Fairbank 4 July, George Willy & Margaret C. 29 May, John Crosland & Judith Kay 22 Augt., Thomas C. & Anna Beesley 29 Feb., John C. & Elizabeth Haigh 4 May, George Ce Sata! |. 31 Jany., Abraham C. & Susanna Armitage...... 22 June,

1602. 1603. 1609. 1610. 1611. 1611. 1613. 1617. 1625. 1635. 1641. 1647. 1649.

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R. JOSEPH WALKER, of Lascelles Hall, Jf} was an active county magistrate, and was cousin of the late Dr. Walker, he latterly resided at Broadlands, Torquay, where he died 22nd April, 1862, the present representative of the family is his daughter, Miss Walker, now resident at Torquay. There are two monuments of this family in the Church at Kirkheaton, the inscrip- tions on which I give below. The arms of the family are as follows: Argent, a chevron between three crescents sable ; crest : a demi-dragon’s head vert crowned or issuing out of flames proper. The inscription of the first monument runs as follows :—

This records the name of Joseph Walker, Esq., But cannot record his virtues Or express his loss His friends will remember the one, His relations lament the other, As long as they live, He died April 1oth, 1774, aged 65 years. Also Rachel Walker, relict of the above-named Joseph Walker, Esq., Died April 30th, 1774, aged 56 years. If the loving wife, the tender mother, I The sincere friend and charitable neighbour, Are virtues which merit The protection of our Omnipotent, We trust she’s happy.

Sir William Walker, Knt., the third son of this gentleman, acquired property in Leicestershire in 1780, and married, in 1781, Martha, youngest daughter of John Kenworthy, Esq., of Wooldale, near Holmfirth. Sir William was High Sheriff for

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Leicestershire in 1823, and died in 1825, leaving two sons, William, his successor, and John Kenworthy Walker, M.D., of Huddersfield. William Walker, of the Grange, Esq., married his cousin Rachel, daughter of Saml. Walker, of Lascelles Hall. Dr. J. K. Walker died in 1873, in his 87th year. The next monument in Kirkheaton Church bears the following inscription :—

Samuel Walker, of Lascelles Hall, Esq., Died January 24th, 1809, aged 62 years. That such transcendant worth should Not droop to oblivion, this stone is erected : No stern reproach, no dark foreboding Fears ere caused a struggle in His manly breast. A life well spent inspired his latter years, With hopes of glory and eternal rest ; Also Esther, Relict of the above Saml. Walker, Esq., Who departed this life on the 10th of May, 1833, Aged 78 years. Beloved and respected, died in hope of a Glorious resurrection, And in holy confidence, waiting the last Summons. Exclaimed I have fought the good fight, I have finished my course, And have kept the faith.

Lascelles Hall was bought by Mr. Joseph Walker, in 1751, for the sum of £1,600, it originally belonged to a younger branch of the Beaumonts’, of Whitley.


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eimai now come to the name of Mkr. BENJAMIN HAIGH, of Gledholt, and further down the list we meet with that of Mr. JOSEPH HAIGH, of Golcar Hill. These gentlemen were cousins, and partners in the well known firm of John and Thomas Haigh. I propose giving an account of their family generally, and then of these two gentlemen in particular. The family of Haigh (now so numerous in this borough, that in the register of 1869 it was the fourth in the order of number, there being 207 Haighs in the list of 11,026 voters) seems to have settled in Huddersfield in comparatively recent times. The name may be traced, however, in the surrounding districts, to the 14th century ; it occurs in the old ballad of the feud between the Beaumonts and the Ellands, and Haigh cross* on Lindley Moor is said to have been erected by one of the name, in memory of one of the victims of that feud. A few years later, in 1365, a John del Hagh, possibly the same person, with Henry Savile of Elland, and others, as feoffee of the lands (in Elland and Greetland) of John del Clay. The subsidy roll of 15 Henry VIII. presents a Henry Hagh at Rishworth (about three miles north east of “the Haigh,” whence the

* This Cross stands in a small plantation near the junction of Haigh House Hill Lane, and the Outlane and Rastrick road, very near Wapping Nick Top, on the one hand, and the

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name seems to be derived), an Oliver and a John Hagh at Crigglestone, and a Robert Hagh at San- dall, all 40s. men, and a Richard Hayghe at Leeds a labourer; so that at that period the famiy would seem to have been then far from numerous in the wapentakes of Agbrigg, Morley, and Skyrack, and unknown in Huddersfield at the time, when the Hirsts and the Brooks were numerous and wealthy. There are independent traditions, in branches of the family so distantly related, as to have little, or no, knowledge of one another, of an original connection with the Scottish family of Bemerside ; and one of these branches which has flourished for

Warren House Inn on the other. It is a plain stone about 9 feet high, resting on a thick flag, and on the side facing Lindley bears the Thornhill arms, and the following inscription :— Reerected by ce 1808 After being I Wilfully : pulled down

Haigh Cross

On the side facing Outlane, in a sort of panel, is the effigy of a Cornish chough reguardant, and under it the words Quarmby’s de Quarmby Crest.


T. T. will be the initials of the late Thos. Thornhill, Esq., of Fixby.

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more than two centuries at Longley, three miles north east of Rishworth, has used uninterruptedly during that period the Bemerside coat of arms, (a coat which seems to be derived from that of the Nevilles, and to indicate some connection, feudatory or otherwise, with that family,) and the rock crest. These traditions seem to be confirmed by a rhyme, which was well known in this neighbourhood

fifty years ago—

Tide what may, hap what will, Haigh shall be lord o’ Gonger hill :

the connection of which with the Bemerside rhyme,

Tide, tide, whate’er betide, The’ll aye be Haighs in Bemerside,

cannot be mistaken, though a question may be raised as to which is the original, particularly as the motto “ Tyde what may,” written around the rock crest, seems more applicable to a “ hill” than to a “side.” Now, in the immediate neigh- bourhood, northward of the district above noticed, called “ the Haigh,” in the township of Marsden, there is “ Hunger hill” ; and any one who is familiar with the somewhat guttural nature of the dialect of the district, will have little difficulty in allowing that the ‘“ Gonger ” of the rhyme may be a corruption of this “ Hunger.” There are other Hunger hills, it is true, but when we _ observe, about two miles north east of Penistone, Haigh head and Hunger hill close together, and three miles south west of Crigglestone, the hamlet of Haigh, with Hunger hill wood within a mile north eastward, and Haigh hall and Haigh woods

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to the south westward, it does seem as if the family had been attached to the name of Hunger hill, and had bestowed it on places in the neighbourhood of their settlements. The authentic history of the family, however, may be said to commence with Thomas and Benjamin, the sons of Thomas Haigh, of Petty Royds.* Thomas Haigh, the younger, was the progenitor of the Marsden Haighs whilst the Golcar Hill and Gledholt branches trace their descent from Benjamin. Although we are more immediately interested in the latter, it may be well to give a short account of the elder or Marsden branch of the family. Thomas Haigh and his wife settled for a time in Manchester, where their eldest son Thomas was born in 1752. They had three other sons, John, Daniel, and Samuel, and three daughters. Thomas, the eldest, died without issue ; John, the second son, married his cousin Mary Haigh, of Golcar Hill, and embarked in business in Manchester ; he was head of the firm Haigh, Marshall and Tideswell, which was un- fortunate in the latter years of last century. He afterwards lived some time in Lambeth, but finally returned to Marsden, where he died about 1813, in reduced circumstances, but leaving behind a name much beloved in his secluded valley. He left two sons, John and Charles Thomas, and four daughters.

* Petty Royds is a small farmstead situated a little above the Longwood reservoirs, and about a mile to the eastward of


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John Haigh, who was born in 1784, and died 1823, married: Susannah, daughter of Thomas Allen, Esq., and had three sons, the Rev. Daniel Haigh, the eldest, who was Vicar of Buckden, Co. Huntingdon, he married Emily Jane, daughter of Charles Norris, Esq., of Halifax, and died in the early part of the present year without issue ; the second son is the Rev. John Haigh, formerly the highly respected incumbent of St. Paul’s Church in this town, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Creswick, Esq., of Sheffield, and is now the equally respected Vicar of Shirley, Co. Hants ; the third son of John Haigh died young, in 1830. The second son of John Haigh, the elder was Charles Thomas Haigh, who married Sarah, daughter of the Rev. John Crowther, of Hayfield, Derbyshire, and settled at Fayetteville, N. Carolina, where he died at the close of the American War, leaving numerous descendants. We now return to Daniel, the third son of Thomas, the younger, who went to London in his early youth, and entered the service of the well known firm of the Knatchbulls, and became the junior and eventually the sole partner in the business (the firm being Knatchbull, Neale, and Haigh). He married his cousin, Sarah Haigh, of Golcar Hill, and died in 1846, at the age of 86, at his residence Furzedown, in Surrey ; he is honourably remembered as having for many years discharged the duties of the Mastership of the Surrey Hounds, “ with a zeal and an earnestness worthy of a better country,” to quote the words of “ Nimrod.” Daniel Haigh

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left five sons and two daughters ; William, the eldest, married Eliza, daughter of Thomas and Betty West, and left issue. George, the second son (born in 1795), married his cousin Harriet, and had issue, the Rev. Daniel Henry Haigh, of Erdington, Co. Warwick, well known as a learned writer on antiquarian subjects. Daniel Haigh’s other sons were Thomas (who married Anne Eliza Entwistle), and Joseph and Daniel Henry, who both died unmarried. The sons of Benjamin Haigh, of Pettyroyds, (born 1696) two, John and Thomas, were founders of the firm above mentioned, John the eldest (born 1718), who eventually fixed his residence at Golcar hill, married Grace Ellis, of Manchester, a lady of whose personal attractions and mental qualities the venerable Rev. Hammond Robertson, of Healds Hall (founder of Liversedge church), was wont to speak in terms of the highest admiration. Family tradition says that she received Prince Charles Edward in ’45, at the house in Manchester, now known as “Palace Buildings.” They had issue :—Thomas, who left no family, William (born 1746), who married but died without issue ; JOSEPH (born 1765), the youngest of the family, one of the founders of the Library ; and several daughters, of whom Mary and Sarah, wives respectively of John and Daniel Haigh, have been mentioned above, and Elizabeth married firstly Mr. Thomas West (with issue, Eliza, mentioned above), and secondly Mr. Thomas Allen, of whom more in the sequel..

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Thomas, the younger son (born 1729), who lived at Gledholt, married Sarah Ellis, (sister of Grace,) and had issue, BENJAMIN (born 1755), one of the founders of the Library, and John (born 1757), both of whom died unmarried, and Martha, afterwards the first wife of Mr. Thomas Allen. Most of the above are interred beneath the chancel of our parish church, where the following

inscriptions give their ages and the dates of their death :—

Here lie the remains of Benjamin Haigh of Petty Royds who departed this life the 22nd day of March 1751 In the 55th year of his age Also the remains of John Haigh of Gol- car Hill son of the above who departed this life the 29th Sepr. 1797 aged 79 years And of Grace his wife who died on the 8th day of March 1795 aged 70 years Also the remains of William Haigh of Golcar Hill their son who departed this life the 27th day of June 1794 aged 48 years and of Mary his wife who died on the 3oth day of January 1822 aged 79 years.

In Memory of Thomas Haigh, Esqre., of Gledholt, who departed This life the 16th of March, 1809, Aged 80 years ; And Sarah, his wife, who died January 16th, 1797, Aged 65 years. I Also of Benjamin Haigh, Esq., of Gledholt, their son, Who departed this life December 4th, 1811, In the 57th year of his age; I And John Haigh, Esq., their son, who died July 6th, 1788, aged 31, The remains of whom are interred in this chancel.

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The cousins, Joseph and Benjamin Haigh, carried on the business established by their fathers, under the old name, and raised it to a_ position of first rate importance. Mr. Joseph Haigh, married Emilia, daughter of William Fenton, of Underbank, and Spring Grove, Esq., and sister of Captain Lewis Fenton, first Member of Parliament for the borough of Huddersfield. He had issue : John (born 180s), who married Anna Maria, daughter of William Ward, Esq., of Wilby Park, near Aldershot, and died in 1837, leaving issue a son, Reginald, who died in infancy, and a daughter, Louisa, who married, in 1858, Sir Edward Lechmere, of Rhyd Court, Worces- tershire, Bart., who is sole heiress and representative of her grandfather ; and four daughters, Eliza, who married the Rev. Thomas Croker, of Croom Castle, Co. Limerick ; Emily, who married Major Croker, (brother of Thomas,) and has issue: Maria, who married J. Keilby, Esq., and Ann, who died in 1828, aged 15, and is buried in our Parish Church. Mr. Joseph Haigh was a successful man of business, and amassed a very large fortune. His property in Golcar and neighbourhood sold, since his death, for more than £100,000, and he is said to have given nearly twice that amount for the Whitwell estate, near York. He was a very hand- some man, inheriting his mothers good looks and dignified carriage, and was highly respected in the town—being looked up to more like a little king than an ordinary individual. He built Spring- wood Hall, and lived there until he removed to

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Whitwell,—to a man of his active habits the change entailed in removing to a quiet neighbourhood like Whitwell must have been rather trying, and perhaps a little disappointing. He is buried at Crambe Church, about two miles distant from Whitwell, where is a monument, with the following inscription :— Sacred to the memory of Joseph Haigh, Esq., of Whitwell Hall and Springwood, in this county, died August 4th, 1835, aged 70. Also Emilia Haigh, widow of the above Joseph Haigh, died at Leamington on the roth March, 1860, aged 84, and was buried at Hatton, near Warwick, on the 16th of the same month. In the church are two hatchments of the family arms, the one over Mr. Haigh’s being as follows : Azure, a saltire cantoned with two stars, in chief and base, with as many crescents addorsed in the flanks argent ; impaling argent, a cross between four fleurs de lis sable for Fenton, crest a Zalbot’s head erased gules. Mr. Haigh’s only son is commemorated as follows :

*¢ Sacred to the memory of John Haigh, Esq., of Whitwell Hall, in the county of York, who died Sepr. 6, 1837, aged 93,"

Also of Reginald, only son of the same, who survived his father but 8 months. He died May 6th, aged two years.

‘“‘He was the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.”

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This monument was erected by the afflicted wife and mother.”

The arms over this monument are: Haigh (as before), impaling azure, a cross patee erminois between Jour fleurs de lis or for Ward. Mr. Benjamin Haigh, at his death in 1811, left his cousin in sole possession of the business, and the bulk of his property to Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen, and the Gledholt estate to Mr. John Allen, the sons of his sister Martha. The business was afterwards carried on by Mr. Vance, some time Member of Parliament for the city of Dublin, and by his name the premises of the old firm in Cloth Hall Street are now known, and the Haighs and their belongings have now entirely disappeared from the town, where they once played so conspicuous a part.

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JOHN SUTCLIFFE was born at S| Halifax, in the year 1776, and came to Huddersfield in 1794, when he was apprenticed to Mr. Edward Hawxby, a woolstapler. Shortly after the expiration of his indentures Mr. Sutcliffe was made partner, and the business was carried on under the firm of Hawxby and Sutcliffe for more than twenty years, and then by Mr. Sutcliffe alone. In the directory of 1822, among the woolstaplers, is “ John Sutcliffe, New Street.” He afterwards removed to the warehouse in Cloth Hall Street, now occupied by Messrs. Chas. Hirst and Son, and finally retired from business in 1847. Mr. Sutcliffe took an active part in public affairs, and was a very useful man, he was the first Non- conformist who had the honour of a seat on the Huddersfield Bench of Magistrates, having been placed on the Commission of the Peace in 1838. _ The records of most of the public institutions of the town show the interest that Mr. Sutcliffe always took in any scheme likely to be beneficial to his fellow-townsmen, notably the Dispensary, the Infirmary, the Savings’ Bank, and the Huddersfield Bank, and the College. Mr. Sutcliffe lived at the house at Chapel Hill, now occupied by his daughter. In Highfield Chapelyard is a gravestone belonging to the family, from which I gather the following particulars of Mr. Sutcliffe’s parents :— Jane, the wife of John Sutcliffe, died May 14th, 1807, et. 63 ; John Sutcliffe, died 18th May, 1818, eet. 68; Mr. Sutcliffe died in 1858, at the age of 82.

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and Sutcliffe, just referred to, was Mr. JOHN HAWXBY, who succeeded his father. After retiring from the wool business, he was engaged in sharebroking, and suffered greatly from paralysis during the latter years of his life.

: BECK was senior partner in the firm of Beck and Livingstone, whose warehouse was in Denton Lane, below the Rose and Crown. He died on the 25th of June, 1808, at the age of *33, the year after the formation of the Library. On his gravestone, in the Parish Churchyard, he is described as ‘‘of Paddock.” Mr. Livingstone kept up the name of the firm until he retired to Dumfries, some thirty years afterwards.

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HOUGHTON is a name that has long been ¢| familiar to Huddersfield ears, and brings to mind a family that always took a lead in the religious movements of the Town,— and, in fact, in any movement likely to benefit their neighbours. There are two of the name in the list of Founders—Thomas and Rowland Houghton, who were cousins—as in other cases, I propose to give a short account of the family, and refer to the two names in particular, as they occur. In the registers of the Parish Church, which I have examined by the kind permission of the reverend the Vicar, the name of Houghton is of frequent occurrence, commencing with a marriage in 1717—


Thomas Houghton & Grace Woodhead..26 Sepr., 1717. Thomas Houghton & Eliz. Kendall...28 Decr., 1738. Robert Turner & Elizabeth Houghton..22 June, 1743.

BAPTISMS. William, son of Thomas Houghton...... 3 June, 1720. PARE, OA. Oh OO. ee comets 10 1721. John, son of Qe A hh ives 3 July, 1724. Richard, son of Ree 28 Augt., 1729. Richard, son of Re se 8 July, 1733. William, son of se 12 May, 17309. Edward, son of eee Pe 5 july, 173%. Mary, dau. of ee ivan 30 May, 1740.

Thomas, son of OO 257i ase 12 Augt., 1743.

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Henry, son of Edward Houghton 4 June, 1762. William, son of Wiliam do. 26 Oct., 1766. Elizabeth, dau. of John do. 25 Feby., 1767. John, son of Edward ee 26 June, 1767. Rowland, son of William do. 29 Jany., 1768. Sarah, dau. of William do. 28 April, 1769. Samuel, son of Edward do. 19 May, 1769. John, son of John ae. oe 18 Augt., 1769. Betty, dau. of William do. ......19 Dec. 1770.

The first named Thomas Houghton, I take to be the grandfather of Thomas and Rowland Houghton. He was a linendraper, in the Market Plate, at the shop formerly occupied by Mr. Atkinson, and recently by Messrs. Smeaton and Co., and there have been found books of account dated as far back as 1721. John, the son of Thomas, continued the business until his death, which occurred in 1808, at the age of 63, he is buried under the Chancel of the Parish Church, and his monument bears the following inscription :—

In memory of John Houghton of this Town, who died July 24th, 1808, aged 63 years, and of Sarah Houghton, his relict, who died Jany. 315t, 1812, aged 65 years. Blessed ate the dead which die in the Lord.

Thomas Houghton, obt. 8 July, 1816, aged 43.

Frances Houghton, obt. 27 October, 1849, aged 78.

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In the Rev. Mr. Bruce’s interesting account of Highfield Chapel, the names of Thomas and John Houghton are down jointly for the sum of £30 towards building the Chapel, the second highest sum in the list. There is also a contribution of 410 10 from Wm. Houghton of the “Intak.” Mr. John Houghton is referred to in Venn’s Life (p. 199), as having “ been awakened to a just sense of religion by Mr. Venn’s teaching, and ever entertained the most unfeigned regard for his late pastor.” In the memoir are preserved several of Mr. Venn’s letters to this gentleman. Mr. John Houghton left two sons and a daughter, the elder son, Thomas, being the gentleman mentioned in our list. He was a merchant, and lived at Moldgreen, next to Mr. Atkinson. At his father’s death, Mr. THOMAS HOUGHTON continued the drapery business, which had been so long in the family, in connection with Mr. Frederick Hudson, who married his cousin Priscilla Houghton. He was also interested in the woollen mills founded by. his brother Jeremiah and Mr. Law Atkinson, at Celbridge, near Dublin. He was a quiet retiring man, of a studious turn, and, in conjunction with his cousin Rowland and the Rev. Mr. Coates, was one of the most active promoters of the Library. It is to their care and judgment that we are indebted for the excellent arrangements for conducting the business of the Society and for the rules regulating the admission of new books. In those days light reading, as it is called, was not admitted into the Library. No novels

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ever invaded those sacred precincts—voyages, travels, biography, history, and theology being the staple of the intellectual food they provided for the Sub- cribers, and it was not until all the world went mad about the Waverley Novels that the rule was broken, and even the stern law of the Subscription Library had to yield to the wand of “ The Magician of the North !” Wm. Houghton was the eldest son of Thomas, of the Market place, he occupied a farm house known as the “Intake,” now absorbed in Woodhouse Park. His son was ROWLAND HOUGHTON, a Surgeon of considerable eminence in the Town, who practised in the house above the Old Vicarage, (afterwards occupied by the late Mr. Clarke.) Mr. Houghton was born in 1768, and died in 1820. He married twice, his first wife died young, and he married secondly Sarah, daughter of Mr. John Brook,* of Flash House, who died in 1846, aged 73. By his second marriage, Mr. Rowland Houghton had a numerous family—of whom only two survive, Mrs: Nicholson and Mrs. Hurndall. Mr. Rowland Houghton died at the age of 52, and his death is

* There is some account of Mr. John Brook in the Evangelical Magazine, of June, 1821. He was the last of a respectable family which had flourished at Flash House for more than 250 years. In the registers cf the Parish Church there is the following entry among the Burials, Nov. 1588 Jacobus Brook de Flosh House,” and the entries are continued at intervals down to the death of Mr. Brook in 1821. I believe Mr. Brook was succeeded by Mr. Sugden, so long churchwarden for Fartown, who gave up possession only this year.

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referred to in the Leeds Mercury, of zoth May, 1820, as follows :—-‘‘ Died on Saturday last, in the 53rd year of his age, Mr. R. Houghton, of Huddersfield, Surgeon. He was a man of superior talents, possessed of a quick apprehension and a sound discriminating judgment. His knowledge was various and extensive, and in his profession his talents were usefully applied to the many ills to which man is subject. In the populous town and district in which he resided his loss will be long and deeply remembered by his numerous friends, among whom for thirty years he discharged his professional duties with an ability, an assiduity, and a success which are rarely exceeded. He was not less distinguished for the qualities of his heart than for his mental endowments. He cordially believed the doctrine of Christianity, and, while he was not ashamed to profess such doctrines, he exemplified their holy influence by a meek and humble spirit, a warm and active benevolence, and a constant readiness to aid the cause of religion and humanity. He was a liberal supporter of the Bible, Tract, and Missionary Societies, and among many other virtues, he was eminently given to hospitality. In the death of such a man society suffers no common loss, religion loses no common friend, but she forbids us to murmur while she whispers the end of such a man is peace, and his final state eternally happy and glorious.”

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I have been able to obtain very little information, beyond the fact that he was a Major in the Mailitia—a very effective corps, of which Sir George Armytage, of Kirklees, was Colonel ; that he was lessee of the Corn Mills at Shorefoot ; and lived at Lockwood, in the house now known as North House. He was the son of Benjamin North, of Lockwood, and Ellen, daughter of James Crosland, of Holme. Mr. North’s sister, Miss Anne North, married at Almondbury, in 1787, Mr. Joseph Green-Armitage, of Thickhollins; she died in 1819, and is buried at Meltham.

Mica ei ENRY NELSON was the only son of Mr. Thomas Nelson, and was a member of the firm of Thomas Nelson and Co., who carried on business in Cloth Hall Street and New Street. Mr. Thomas Nelson built the ware- _ houses, &c., at the corner of New Street and Cloth Hall Street, still known as. Nelson’s Buildings, and the present Post Office was the family residence. This house used to have a small garden before it, and ivy and creepers growing over its walls, and when I mention this fact as being well within the remembrance of very many now living, it will be seen what changes have taken place in Huddersfield, within comparatively recent date. I have now before me a Bank note issued by the firm about the year 1800, in which they promise to pay

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the bearer One Guinea, on demand, in cash or Bank of England notes (or both). It is signed Thomas Nelson, Henry Nelson, and Co. It must not be supposed, from this, that the firm were bankers, in the modern sense of the term, as I believe it was the custom of many manufacturers of standing to issue these notes in the ordinary course of business. Mr. Henry Nelson was a captain in the Morley and Upper Agbrigg local Militia. He married Miss Martha Becket Burrell. The business was given up in 1841, and Mr. Nelson died in 1848. Mr. Nelson’s only son is now resident in the East Riding of this county, where he holds the rank of Lieut.-Colonel in a regiment of Artillery Militia. The arms of the family are: Per pale argent and sable, a chevron between three de lys counterchanged.

Mr. HIRST, partner of Mr. Nelson, lived at Almondbury. I

WILLIAMS STABLES was a 7S VA VR younger son of the Stables of Tanshelf. In Dugdale’s Visitation of Yorkshire in I 1665, published by the Surtees Society, on page 11, is a pedigree of the family. The arms are : on a saltire gules five acorns slipped or, on a chief of the second three mullets of the first. The pedigree begins with the brothers, William and Thomas Stables, both of whom were Mayors of Pontefract,

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the former in 1593, the latter in 1606. William, the great-grandson of the first William, was a Lieutenant of Horse in the army of Charles I. The head of the last generation was William Stables, of Hemsworth, Esq., who had an only daughter, Maria Theresa, married to Ashton Nicholas Every Mosley, of Burnaston House, Co. Derby, Esq., into whose family most of the landed estates of the Stables went and now remain. Mrs. Mosley died in 1869. The third son was Mr. Walter Wil- liams Stables, of Crosland Hall, near Meltham, who was in partnership with his nephew, Mr. Henry Stables, the frm being W. W. and H. Stables. Their warehouse was first in Buxton Road, afterwards at the building in Chapel Hill, now the Model Lodging House. ‘The family is still called to mind by a street bearing their name, near their old premises. Mr. Stables, who was highly and deservedly respected, occupied an in- fluential position in the Town, and took a lead in Church matters. He married Miss Chippindall, of Blackburn, who died in 1862, aged 80, and is — buried at Broseley, Co. Salop. Mr. Stables died ‘in 1847, in his 83rd year, and is buried in the crypt of the Parish Church.

is the name of a family of long standing in Pontefract, where they have held the office of Mayor at frequent intervals since 1781. Mr. SEATON was partner

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in the banking firm of Perfect, Seaton, Brook and Co., whose business was carried on in the building now occupied by the Midland Bank.

Mr. WILLIAM GREENWOOD was a solicitor in King Street. I believe he died unmarried.

ONCERNING Mr. HAMER, I have not been able to obtain much information beyond that he was a woolstapler, and one of the firm of Griffiths, Hamer, and Entwistle. He lived at Yewgreen, Lockwood, whence he removed to the house now occupied by Messrs. Schofield and Kirk, as their offices. He subsequently lived in High Street, and I believe died there, leaving two sons.

ILLIAM COOPER was a partner in the firm of William Cooper and Co., in High

a W és EA

Street. He was a member of the Society of Friends, and at one time occupied part of Fixby Hall. He lived afterwards at the house in High Street, subsequently occupied by Mr. Eddison. He was a pleasant genial man, and died in 1848,

aged 73.

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LEES was a_ linendraper, in “4; the shop now occupied by Mr. Brown, in the Market Place. He afterwards bought and removed to the premises where the West Riding Union Bank now stands. In addition to his drapery business, Mr. Lees was agent in this town for the sale of the fine broad cloths made by the well known “ William Hirst, of Leeds.” Mr. Hirst, who was generally considered the father of the Yorkshire Broad Woollen Trade, made these goods in very fine qualities, up to five guineas a yard, and supplied cloth at this price for making a coat, for the Prince Regent and for the President of the United States. Mr. Hirst was a native of this neighbourhood, and although at one time in a very extensive way of business, he ultimately died in reduced circumstances. Mr. Lees was a prominent man in the local politics of his time, he afterwards removed to Manchester, where he engaged successfully in the wholesale trade.

Aw WR. BLACKBURN was a solicitor, and practised in New Street. He was the predecessor of Mr. Whitehead, who subsequently took into partner- ship the late Mr. R. T. Robinson, the first returning officer for the borough.

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a solicitor, few practitioners were more successful than Mr. JOHN ALLISON, who was born at Temple Sowerby, in Westmoreland, on the 25th September, 1977, and was educated at St. Bees’ College, Cumberland, where he had as schoolfellow the famous Henry Brougham. On the completion of his education, Mr. Allison was articled to his - maternal uncle, in London, a Mr. Barker, he first commenced business at Holmfirth, but removed to Huddersfield very soon after. He had offices in Kirkgate, which he occupied until he built his house in Ramsden Street. He was twice married, his second wife being a Miss Loadsman, of Pontefract, who died in 1874, at an advanced age. He was a very successful practitioner, and was solicitor for the Crown in the prosecution of the Luddites in 1812-13. He retired a few years before his death, which took place in 1847, at the age of 70. His remains lie in the vaults of the Parish Church, along with those of his first wife and only son.

WILKS was a surgeon—he was a GN] native of Easingwold, and at the time of the foundation of the Library would be practising in the Beast Market, at the house now occupied by the Trustees of the late Thomas Firth. He afterwards removed to a house in King Street, where he carried on a successful practice until his death, which occurred in 1840, in his 7oth year. He is buried in Trinity Churchyard.

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“veal in the case of the Haighs, we will take together the names of Mr. JOSEPH ARMITAGE, of Lockwood, and Mr. GEORGE ARMITAGE, of Highroyd. The Armitage family appear to have been settled in the parish of Almondbury for many generations, branching out into several families, which have almost all become extinct, or only represented through the female line—except' the Dudmanstone branch, represented by Mr. Richard Armitage, for- merly of Mountjoy House, and now of Alverthorpe Lodge, Scarborough, and the Highroyd branch, represented by Mr. George Armitage, of Milns- bridge House. I have been favoured by Mr. Thomas Robinson, solicitor, with the perusal of a large mass of papers, wills, &c., connected with this family, collected to elucidate the pedigree, which has been done with great success by Mr. Robinson, assisted by the late Mr. Nowell, of Farnley. From these papers, I gather the following facts :—The first Armitage, of whom there is any record, is described as John Armitage, of “ Ermitage,” in the parish of Almondbury. His will was proved in 1527, at York. He had a brother named Roger, of Hall Ing, in Honley, from whom that branch of the family descends. Roger Armitage is assessed in the Subsidy Roll of the 15th Henry VIII. at £8, and Goods 4s. John Armitage had three sons, John, William, and Thomas. From John, the Hermitage branch descend, and the Thickhollins branch from Thomas.

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The Honley or Dudmanstone branch trace from William, who is described in the pedigree as “of Crosland or Armitage.” His will is dated 25th April, 1573, and he was buried at Almondbury, 28th May, 1573. His wife Margaret survived him, and was executrix of his will, with her sons Anthony and Roger, and his daughters Jennett and Ann, they being appointed residuary legatees of his personalty. Wm. Armitage had children, as follows : John, eldest son and heir, William, Giles, Humphrey, Anthony, and Roger, and three daughters, Elizabeth, who married Dyson, and Jennett and Ann. John Armitage held considerable lands at Honley and Highroyd, under Sir Robert Stapleton, the Lord of the Manor, in 1570. He was buried at Almondbury, in 1601, and his will is dated 20th July, 1601. Richard Armitage, the youngest son of John, is mentioned in his father’s will, he resided first at Banks, where his eldest son, Joseph, was born, he then removed to Dudmanstone, of which he became proprietor, in 1663, by exchange with John Thornton, of Horbury, Esq., and his mother for certain lands at Thornton, near Bradford. His will is dated 24th October, 1665. Richard Armitage had issue, Joseph, Richard, and John : Joseph, the eldest son and heir, was born at Banks, 15th February, 1617, baptized at Almondbury, and buried there 27th April, 1689, his will is dated 1686. He added very considerably to the family property, and died unmarried, Richard, the second son, was baptized

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an in 1627, he lived at Almondbury, and afterwards at Dudmanstone. His will is dated 1705,—he was a governor of the Almondbury Grammar School, and is buried at Almondbury ; he was married twice, first to Mary Bayley, at Horbury, in 1665, from this marriage descend the Wakefield and Dudmanstone branch. He married again, and by his second wife he had issue, George Armitage, of Highroyd, and Martha Armitage, who is mentioned in her father’s and uncle Joseph’s will, and was living in 1706. The third son of Richard, of Dudmanstone, was John, who died at Lindley, and had issue, Richard Armitage, of Oldfield, of place he was owner, on the bequest of his father ; Richard also inherited the Hagg property, by bequest of his uncle Joseph. To return to the Highroyd branch, in which ‘we are most interested at present, George Armitage, the eldest son of his father, by his second marriage, is described as “a yeoman,” in the Almondbury Registers ; he was born May 13th, 1674, and inherited Highroyd from his uncle, Joseph, of Dudmanstone, and was owner of lands at Nether Oldfield, Honley, Bridgeroid, Dodgeroid, and Almondbury, by his father’s bequest. He married Alice Jagger (who died 1743, st. 67), and had issue, Martha, who died young ; Joseph Armitage, of Honley, eldest son and heir ; and Richard, © who died young. George Armitage died in 1742, at the age of 68. Joseph Armitage (son of the above) married Mary, daughter of the Reverend

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Mr. Wilson, of Holmfirth (who died in 1708, aged 83), and had issue, George, eldest son and heir ; Sarah, born. June 11th, 1745, and married to Mr. Fenton, of Spring Grove, and died in 1833; Martha, born in 1751, and married to a Lincoln- shire clergyman, named Bassett ; and five other children, who all died young. Joseph Armitage died in 1785, and was buried at Almondbury. He was succeeded by his eldest son, GEORGE, who is one of the subjects of this notice. Mr. George Armitage was a magistrate, he married Sarah, daughter of Mr. Walker, of Lascelles Hall, and is buried at Almondbury Church, where there is a monument to his memory in the Chancel, with the following inscription :—

Sacred to the memory of George Armitage, of Highroyd House, Esq., Who, on the 16th October, 1815, in the 78th year of his age, I Closed an honourable and useful life, I For many years he discharged the arduous duties I Ofa Magistrate I With fidelity and firmness, I Yet so tempered with clemency and benevolence I As to soften the rigour of justice I And to conciliate rather by kind and friendly counsel I Than awe by magisterial influence. I The poor in him never failed to find a friend and protector. I As a tender husband, an affectionate father, and sincere friend. I To record their affectionate remembrance of his many virtues I And their own irreparable loss, His disconsolate widow and afflicted family Have erected this monument.

Also, Sarah, relict of the above-named George Armitage, obit July 18th, 1834, cet. 86 years.

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Over the monument are the arms of the family : “ Gules, a lion's head, erased between three cross crosslets argent.” Mr. George Armitage left several children—the eldest being Joseph (styled “ of Lockwood,” in the List of Members); Rachel and George, who both died young; Marianne, of Honley, who contributed largely to the erection of the little church at Brockholes, and died in 1861, at the age of 77, and is buried at Milnsbridge; and Sarah, who married Mr. Richard Wilson, of Seacroft, near Leeds. Mr. JOSEPH ARMITAGE, the eldest son and heir of the preceding, was born 1778, and married in 1804, Anne, daughter of Joseph Taylor, of Blackley Hall, Co. Lancaster, Esq., by whom he had a numerous family. Both he and his wife are buried at Milnsbridge, where there is a monument with the following epitaph :— In a vault on the north side of this church Rest the remains of Anne, the beloved wife Of Joseph Armitage, J.P., Of Milnsbridge House, Esq., Who died Feby. 3rd, 1854, In the 72nd year of her age. She was a bright example of excellence, As a wife, mother, relative, and friend, And to the poor a kind benefactress ; But the crowning point of her character Was her sincere and simple piety. ‘The daily study of the Holy Scriptures Cheered and sustained her declining years. An afflicted husband and numerous family

Mourn her loss. May my last end be like hers.”

Also of the above named Joseph Armitage, Esq.,

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Justice of the Peace, _ And Deputy-Lieutenant of this Riding, Who died August 17th, 1860, aged 82 years, And was interred in the same vault With his beloved wife. He filled many offices of trust, Both public and private, And his endeavour was at all times to do his duty Fearlessly and independently. In private life An affectionate husband, father, and friend. Mr. Joseph Armitage took Milnsbridge House on lease from the Radcliffe’s in 1820, and became the purchaser of the property in 1823. The house is a handsome edifice, and is supposed to have been built about 1750. It is described in Jones’ Views in the following terms :—“ The valley in which this house is situated is of the most fertile and beautiful description; it is bounded by hills rising above each other to a considerable height, and cultivated to their summit. The house is built with stone, of correct architecture, consisting of a plain centre, having a pediment enriched with scroll work, and two wings in corresponding design. The shrubbery that adjoins the house is disposed with much taste; in front the lawn is bounded by two detached pieces of water, beyond which rises the rich prospect of the adjacent country.” Since this description was written many causes have conspired to spoil the sylvan beauty of the valley of the Colne, notably the great increase of manufactories consequent on the close proximity of the Canal and Railway. The hills and general

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features of the landscape still remain to gladden our eyes, but the river which once pursued its winding way among green fields and orchards, and was the favourite haunt of the angler, has now sadly fallen away from its pristine purity. Mr. Joseph Armitage had fifteen children, twelve of whom married, and had issue. At the death of his wife, in 1854, he retired from business, and’ I resided at Birkby Lodge. He is succeeded by his eldest son, Mr. George Armitage, of Milnsbridge House, a Borough and County Magistrate, and Deputy-Lieutenant of the West Riding of the County.

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Tl on the list is the name _ of «Mr. SCOTT, of Woodsome, who was the last representative of a family long resident in Almondbury. The first of the name of whom there is any record is Thomas Scott, who is buried in Almondbury Church, the inscription on his tombstone runs as follows :—

Here lyeth the body of Thomas Scott, of this Town, apothecary, and Martha his wife, she departed this life the 6th day of September, anno Domini 1700, and he departed this life July the 7th, in the 63rd year of his age, ao. Dni. 1717,

The son of this marriage was Joseph Scott. In the Almondbury registers his marriage is thus noted :—“ Novr. 1726, Joseph Scott of the parish of Halifax to Margaret Rockley,” and in the following year, “ baptised Susanna daughter - of Mr. Joseph Scott, clothier of Woodsome Lees.” The Margaret Rockley here mentioned was the younger sister of Mr. Robert Rockley,* the last male representative of the ancient and knightly family of the Rockleys of Rockley in Worsbro’ Dale, near Barnsley, a family, by the way, said by Mr. Hunter to be descended from the same stock as the great Yorkshire house of Fitzwilliam.

* The story of the Rockleys is a very mournful one, and has called forth some touching remarks from the learned author of the “ South Yorkshire.” Despite their ancient

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By this marriage, Joseph Scott had a family of eight children; he married secondly, Anne, relict of Mr. Francis Armitage, of Dudmanstone, by whom

origin and great possessions, they seem to have been pursued by an inexorable fate—and from various causes lost one estate after another, until they might with propriety have adopted the motto of the Courtenays, and exclaimed with them, ‘‘ Ubi lapsus, quid feci?”? The last of the family, the brother of Mrs. Scott, held some position of trust in the household of Sir Arthur Kaye, at Woodsome. He and his father are buried at Almondbury—and the inscription on their grave seems to shadow forth their misfortunes :—

Here lyeth the body of Margaret, late wife of Robert Rockley, of Woodsome Lees, in this parish, gent., who was a zealous christian, a good wife, a tender parent, a sincere friend, a loving neighbour and truly charitable as far as able. She departed this life the 23rd day of October, _ 1729, and was buryed on the 25th, aged about 67 years.

Here also lyeth the body of the said Mr. Rockley, who dy’d the 5th of May, 1751, aged 79. He was a real well- wisher to all people. Bore his great disappointments and hardships with patience and made no merit of himself or of his expectations or extraction, tho’ he was the last stem of the ancient and.once opulent family of Rockley of Rockley in Worsborough.

Under the stone above lieth also the remains of Robert Rockley, Gent. only son of Mr. Robert Rockley and Margaret his wife thereon mentioned, who was the last male issue of the said family and died unmar- ried on the 11th of May, 1772, in the 71st year of his age.

Let us hope, that “ after life’s fitful fever, they sleep well.” The elder sister of Mrs. Scott, Mary Rockley, married

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he had three children; Frances Scott the eldest was a Captain in the Navy. Grace the second married Dr. Bacon, Vicar of Wakefield, and Anne the youngest died unmarried. Mr. Joseph Scott is buried in the parish church, at Almondbury :—

Here lieth the body of Margaret late wife of Mr. Joseph Scott of Woodsome, who departed this life March 8th, in the 32nd year of her age, Ao. Dni. 1735, And in regard of her memory her relict caused this stone to be laid.

Here lieth interred the body of Mr. Joseph Scott, late of Woodsome, who departed this life the 30th July, 1758, aged 54 years.

Also the body of Margaret the Daughter of the said Joseph Scott, who departed the 21st May, 1754, aged 21 years. One of the daughters of Mr. Joseph Scott married Mr. Allen, of Sheffield. He was succeeded by his son Robert Scott, who was born in 1732, and is described in the registers as a merchant,

Mr. Benjamin North, of Fenay,, attorney-at-law, but as I propose at some future opportunity to give a short account of Fenay Hall and its owners—it will be enough to say here that Mr. North had three sons, who all died unmarried, and one daughter, Mary, who married Edward Battie, of Dewsbury. The issue of this marriage was Robert Rockley Battie, the father of the well remembered Benjamin North Rockley Batty, who died at Redcar in 1863, extat. 68.

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he married Mary, daughter of Law, Esq. of Westmoreland, and had one son, JOSEPH SCOTT, the subject of this notice, and several daughters, who all died young. Mr. Robert Scott is also interred at Almondbury—his tombstone bears the following inscription :—

To the Memory of Robert Scott late resident at Woodsome who departed this life on the 2nd Day of September, 1804 aged 72. Also of Mary his wife who died 16 June, 1821

aged 75. Mr. Joseph Scott, son of the above mentioned, was a magistrate for the County, and representative, as shown above, of one of the two co-heiresses of the Rockleys.)s He was born in 1774, and married Frances, one of the four daughters and co-heiresses of Wm. Horsfall, of Storthes Hall, Esq. Mr. Scott left Woodsome in 1812, and took up his residence at Badsworth, where he resided until his death. He rented the Hall from Earl Fitzwilliam, the then owner, and appears to have been a very: popular man among his neighbours, his memory being still cherished with affectionate resptct. Mr. Scott was originally partner with his relative, Mr. Thomas Allen, and they carried on business together for some years. — He was exceedingly good to the poor in his magisterial capacity, and many of the deluded men

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who had joined the secret associations of the Luddites went to him, to relieve themselves of their oaths, a process known at the time as “ untwisting.” Mr. Scott bore the following arms : Argent, a fess sable between seven lozenges gules for Rockley, impaling, ermine, on a bend engratled between two cocks gules three mullets pierced or for Law, over all on an escutcheon of pretence, gules, a bezant between three horses heads erased argent, bridled azure for Horsfall. This arrangement appears to me to be incorrect, and not warranted by the circumstances. If Mr. Scott’s mother, Miss Law, was an heiress (a fact, by the way, not mentioned in the pedigrees), he might have borne Rockley and Law quarterly with the escutcheon of pretence over all, but certainly not the arms as described above.

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S@ERY little is known of the Woolley family. Mr. WOOLLEY was junior partner in the + firm of Nelson, Hirst and Woolley, and lived at Thorpe, in the house now occupied by Mrs. Dougill. He was a Major of Volunteers, and succeeded in making himself very obnoxious to the Luddites who repeatedly threatened to burn down his house, but never did. In those disturbed times there was a nightly patrol at Almondbury, and from the log of their proceedings (which is still in existence), I find - Mr. Woolley was a very active member of the body.

this town, and practised in New Street, in the house now occupied by Mrs. Cardno, he was nephew of Mr. Bradshaw, the agent for the Duke of Devonshire’s Craven property. Mr. Bradshaw was an active, stirring man, and took considerable interest in public matters, and was connected with the Waterworks from their first commencement. He retired to Upperthong, the native place of Miss Taylor, his wife, died there about 1848, and was succeeded by his son, Mr. J. T. Bradshaw, who died, and is buried in the Cemetery.


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rts now come to the name of Mr. WHIT- [Yell ACRE, of Woodhouse. In Burke’s : “Landed Gentry” is a short account of their family, from which I extract the following particulars :—John Whitacre, of Longwood House, was a merchant, and died in 1762. His son, also named John, only survived his father two years, dying in 1764. John Whitacre, the third of the name, married; in 1785,. Anne, the third daughter of Samuel Walker, of Masbro’. Mr. Whitacre’s sister, Sarah, married the Rev. H. W. Coulthurst, D.D., Vicar of Halifax, and, through this marriage, the patronage of Trinity Church, Halifax, was vested in Mr. Whitacre, who made several presentations to the living. Mrs. Whitacre, in the old times, © used to ride to church on a pillion; as mentioned above, she was the daughter of Mr. Walker, the founder of the famous firm at Rotherham, who may be considered as the pioneers of modern ironfounding.* Mr. Whitacre’s son, also named John, I suppose will be the gentleman named in our list. It seems only the other day when he died, and the family became extinct in this town. Mr. Whitacre was a Tory, and a great

* In Miller’s ‘‘ History of Doncaster,” there is a long account of the rise of the firm. It is stated that the two brothers, Samuel and Aaron Walker, made a small furnace in an old nailer’s smithy, and that the year after they began, 1742, they made goods to the value of £5, whilst in 1783 they divided £38,500 profit! This firm cast the girders for Southwark Bridge, London, weighing 6,000 tons.

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supporter and friend of Richard Oastler. It was always understood that if Mr. Oastler had been successful in contesting the borough of Huddersfield, Mr. Whitacre would have found the necessary qualification. Mr. Whitacre was a staunch Church- man, and, in 1824, built Christ Church, Woodhouse. He is buried there, and the inscription on _ his monument is as follows :—

Sacred to The memory of John Whitacre, Of Woodhouse, Esqre., The founder of this Church, Born October 6th, 1786, Died March 13th, 1869.

Also of Anne Whitacre, his sister,

Born November 21st, 1790, Died May 8th, 18309.

Mr. Whitacre was a Magistrate and a Deputy- Lieutenant, and a thorough gentleman of the old school, and died universally respected. His eldest sister married in 1828 the Rev. Wyndham Carlion Madden, the first incumbent of Woodhouse Church. Mr. Madden was of the family of Madden, of Inch House, Co. Dublin, before he took Holy Orders _he served as a captain in the army, and was present at Waterloo, where he was wounded by a musket shot, the ball being found imbedded in his body after death. Mrs. Madden was buried at Woodhouse Church, where there is a monument to her memory

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In Memory of Mary, the beloved wife of The Revd. Wyndham Carlion Madden, M.A., The first incumbent of this church, And eldest daughter of The late John Whitacre, Esqre., of Woodhouse ; She was born on the 15th of Novr., 1788, And died on the 25th of Octr., 1844, Leaving two children, I Anne and Elizabeth. Miss Anne Madden married the Rev. John Willis Grane, who was the second incumbent of the church. Mr. Whitacre’s second sister, Caroline, married Timothy Rhodes, Esq., of Campfield, near Leeds, and Sarah; the fourth sister, married, firstly, Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen, and secondly, the Rev. Edward Acton Davies, of Martley Rectory, near Worcester. The fifth sister, Elizabeth, married the Rev. Henry James Hastings, M.A. The arms

of the Whitacres are Sadle, three mascles argent.

HORSFALL lived at the house I known as “The Well,” in the Beast Market. He was a Churchman of the old school, and content to go on as his fathers before him; when the then Vicar (the Rev. John Coates) introduced “the small but judicious Selection of Hymns” intended to replace the Metrical Version of the Psalms, by Tate and Brady, Mr. Horsfall resented the innovation very much, and refused it his

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countenance as long as he attended the Church. The Horsfalls were seated at the Well for many years ; in the Parochial Registers, I find “ Richardus filius Thomeze Horsfall de Well,” baptized the roth April, 1518, and from that time forward the name is of frequent occurrence. The christian name Abraham appears to have been a favourite one in the family, I find it occurring first in 1670, again an Abraham Horsfall was baptized 13th May, 1681, 20th Feby., 1745, 21st Sepr.,’ 1774, and gth March, 1780. Mr. Abraham Horsfall was the brother of William Horsfall, who was shot by the Luddites, and nephew of Mr. John Horsfall, of Thornton Lodge. He is buried at Whitkirk.

‘AIR. ROBERTS, of Longwood House, was 4y I a member of a firm in which Mr. Dyson and I believe a Mr. Watkinson were partners—they had been in the employ of the firm of W. and J. Whitacre, of Woodhouse, and commenced business on their own account. The firm was not successful, and I believe this was the cause of the painful end to Mr. Roberts’s career. The Longwood House referred to above was a picturesque old building, on the site of the present house of that name. It was formerly the residence of a family of Armitages, and after them was occupied by the Whitacres ; it was eventually pulled down for the sake of the minerals under it.

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area ALLEN, of Greenhead is the next 9461 name. In the Rev. Mr. Eastwood’s History of Ecclesfield, page 430, is an account of the Allens, who appear to have sprung from Chapeltown, near Sheffield. The first of the family of whom there is any record is John Allen, who was born in 1656, and died in 1723. His son Thomas Allen, who died in 1722, was married twice, by his marriage with Gertrude Stead he had issue, Thomas Allen ; he married secondly Elizabeth, daughter, and finally sole heiress of the Middletons of Eyam, Co. Derby. By this marriage he had issue a daughter, Sarah, who married the Rev. John Carver, of Whiston, from whom descend the Carver-Athorpes, of Dinnington. Thomas Allen died in 1722. John Allen, the son by the first wife, married, in 1759, Susanna, daughter of Joseph Scott and Margaret Rockley. He died in 1794, leaving a son, THOMAS ALLEN (the subject of this notice), who was born in 1752, and married Martha, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Haigh, of: Gledholt, and sister of Mr. Benjamin Haigh. Mr. Thorhas Allen died in 1828, and was buried at Almondbury, his monument bears the following inscription :—

Sacred to the memory of Martha, the wife of Thomas Allen I late of Fanthorpe, but now of Greenhead, and only daughter of I Thomas Haigh, Esq., of Gleadholt, in the parish of Huddersfield, I who departed this life on the 24th day of June, 1804, aged 43 years, leaving issue, viz. I Susanna,

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Sarah, Benjamin Haigh, and John, I with an affectionate husband to lament her loss, I Thomas Allen, eldest son of the said Thomas and Martha, I died on the 25th day of June, 1788, aged 1 year and g months, I also the above-named Thomas Allen, who departed this I life at Gledholdt, on the 23rd day of May, 1828, aged 76 years. Mr. Thomas Allen married secondly Elizabeth, relict of Thomas West, and sister of Mr. Joseph Haigh, of Springwood and Whitwell, she died in 1841, at the great age of 87, and is buried in

Trinity Churchyard.

The Miss Susanna Allen referred to in the above epitaph, married Mr. John Haigh, father of the Rev. John Haigh, formerly incumbent of St. Paul’s, and her sister Sarah married a Mr. Junius Smith. Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen, the eldest surviving son, married Miss Sarah Whitacre, he is buried in the vaults of Trinity Church. His monument is in the chancel and bears the following inscription :— “Sacred to the memory of Benjamin Haigh Allen, late of Greenhead, Esquire, the founder of this Church, and a magistrate for the West Riding of this County, who died May roth, 1829, aged 36, leaving an afflicted widow and 4 children.” Although Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen died at the early age of 36, he had already succeeded in gaining the esteem and respect of his fellow- townsmen, of whatever station or degree, and

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never had so large a concourse of people been seen in Huddersfield as that which assembled to show the last token of respect to his memory. By the kind permission of the proprietors of the Leeds Mercury, I am enabled ‘to give the account of his funeral, which appeared in that ——— on May 23rd, 1828 :— “The manifestation of public respect paid to the memory of this amiable man has seldom if ever been equalled in this country, on the death of any individual in any rank or station of life,—nor has there been any individual more worthy of it. The urbanity of his manners, the suavity of his temper, the benevolence of his heart, and the undeviating uprightness of his conduct as a civil magistrate, had endeared him to all who knew him. His remains were interred in Trinity Church, which he had built and endowed. when quite a young man. A public notice had been given of the intention of the inhabitants of Huddersfield to pay every possible respect to his memory, and accordingly on the day of his interment all the shops were shut up, and at ten o’clock in the morning from six to seven hundred gentlemen assembled, at the Parish Church, dressed in deep mourning, and wearing white gloves. From thence they walked four deep to Greenhead, late the residence of the deceased, the Clergy of the district in front, followed by the Methodist and Dissenting Ministers, and next the Huddersfield Magistrates. In this order they proceeded with the most profound

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silence,—a silence which was not broken by the vast concourse of spectators, amounting to about ten thousand,—to Greenhead. On their arrival at the gates, they went up the road to the front of the house, which they passed and then counter- marched, so as to bring the front back to the gate. As soon as the corpse was put into the hearse, the procession moved forward, and the hearse, with the mourning coaches, fell into the rear. On their arrival at the church they formed a double line, through which the body passed, and after it the amiable and disconsolate widow leading a fine boy, about ten years old, by the hand, and supported on the other side by _ her brother, John Whitacre, Esq., of Woodhouse. In _ this manner they entered the Church, where the Rev. H. J. Maddocks, M.A., read the funeral service in the most solemn and impressive manner. ‘The corpse was then deposited in the family vault. Funeral sermons were preached on Sunday morning at the Parish Church, by the Rev. J. C. Franks, M.A., Vicar; at. Ramsden Street Chapel, by the Rev. J. Eagleton ; and at night at Trinity Church, by the Rev. Henry J. Maddocks, M.A., on which last occasion many hundreds attended that could not gain admittance.” Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen left two sons and three daughters, the eldest son, who bears the same honoured name as his father, is resident in Herefordshire. He married Miss M. M. Champneys, daughter of the Rev. H. W. Champneys, Rector of Badsworth, and cousin of

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the Earl of Derby. The second son, Mr. John Whitacre Allen, now of Cheltenham, married Miss Eliza Whiteside, daughter of the late Dr. Whiteside, Vicar of Scarborough, and niece of the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. The eldest sister of these gentlemen, Miss Caroline Allen, married the Rev. W. P. H. Hutchinson, Vicar of Blurton, Co. Stafford, and Miss Sarah Allen, the second sister, married the Rev. Hamilton Kingsford ; Annie, the third, died in infancy. Mr. John Allen, of Gledholt, the second son of Thos. Allen, married Miss Sarah Brooke, daughter of the late William Brooke, Esq., of Armitage Bridge. He died in 1830, the year after his brother’s death, at the age of 35. His widow still survives,—a blessing to all around her,— her ear being always as open to listen to the sorrows of the poor and afflicted as her hand is to relieve them. She has fulfilled to the utmost the benevolent instincts of her own and of her adopted family. The arms of the Allens are: Sable a Jess ermine between three talbots passant or collared gules.


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FAR. JOHN DOBSON, Junr., was partner in the banking firm of Dobson and Co., who carried on business in the premises now occupied as a smallware shop, next to the Stamp Office. Mr. Dobson lived first at Paddock Terrace, lately the residence of Mr. Allatt, and afterwards removed to a house which he built at Thorpe, in Almondbury. Mr. Dobson bought the land for his new house from a family named Harling, who had a cottage and garden here—-and in connection with whom a romantic story is told, similar to Lord Lytton’s Lady of Lyons. One of the Harlings, a very handsome young fellow, enlisted in the army, and. while quartered in some country town in the South, he passed himself off as an officer, and managed to gain the affections of a young lady of good family, whom he subsequently married. He brought her to Almond- bury, and her dismay may be imagined when she found that her lover’s “mansion” was a little cottage, on a bleak hill side, among the Yorkshire moors. * The banking firm of Dobson and Co., in the year 1825, succumbed to the storm that proved disastrous to so many private banks, and the estate was thrown

* I have seen a portrait of this lady, at Almondbury, painted when she was about twenty-five; she must have been a very beautiful woman, and one can almost trace a foreboding of her fate in the melancholy expression so skilfully caught by the artist.. She was a daughter of an Essex family, named Rushbrooke.

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into Chancery. One portion of the estate thus dealt with was behind the Bank, in the part now known as Chancery Lane, which is said to have derived its name from this circumstance. Mr. John Dobson died in London, in 1857, aged 76; he married Anna Maria, daughter of Mr. Joseph Walker, of Lascelles Hall, by whom he had a numerous family. Mr. Dobson’s father, also named John, died in 1818, aged 64. He married Sarah, daughter of Mr. Wood, of Blacker Hall. Mrs. Dobson died in 1825, aged 64. This lady and gentleman, with others of their descendants, are buried in the vaults under the south gallery of the Parish Church. Their genuine hospitality is well remembered, and how religiously they kept up all old customs, and how Mrs. Dobson’s gooseberry pie, on the 14th of May, was almost as much thought of amongst their friends as the Fair itself. It seems very curious that the Fair should have been an event in the lives of people in the position of the Dobson’s ; but now that railways are running away with all these local peculiarities— and Fairs may be said to have seen their day, it is scarcely possible for us to realise the importance of. these gatherings—when families met together under more genial auspices than at Christmas time. There still survives a little of this feeling with regard to Honley Feast, which, as the last festival of the year, is much thought of by all the dwellers in the Valley of the Holme, and has even _ been transplanted to America by enthusiastic emigrants, desirous of preserving the traditions. of their forefathers.

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FG ar HE Rev. JOHN COATES, Vicar ot Huddersfield, was born at Addingham, in Craven. Mr. Coates received the elements of his education at Bolton Abbey School, then under the management of the learned and Reverend W. Carr, author of the “ Craven Dialect.” He subsequently went to Cambridge, where he entered Catherine Hall, and in due course took his B.A. and M.A. degrees, and became a Fellow of his College. Mr. Coates came to this town as Curate, in 1784, and held that office until 1791, when he was presented to the Vicarage. He married Miss Dutton, only daughter of Benjamin Dutton, Esq., of Chevet, near Wakefield. The arms of the Coates family are: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ermine, 2nd and 3rd, paly of 6, argent and sable. It is now more than half a century since Mr. Coates died, and naturally the remembrance of him is very faint and shadowy. In a small account book still extant, in which all his receipts and. payments are carefully and neatly entered, there is the following note written. in 1797 :—“ The net value of the living, exclusive of the house, after the deduction of curate’s stipend and other necessary expenses is about £140 8s. 6d.” In the same book are many memoranda relative to the amounts received for surplice fees which increased very much, as the following extract will show :— I

1797. 1812. Christenings...... COP EO RR 335

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1797. 1812 Marriages......... ere 181 Publications...... MOIR Siskin 183 UREN tiie OE OU A 183 Mortuaries 4 Churchings C08 <3 300 5 £36 4105 1s.

In the same book there is also an account of the number of families in the parish, commencing in 1788, when the number was 2,260, and ending in 1819, when the number had reached 3,889, divided as follows :—Huddersfield 1,327, Marsh 411, Far- town 444, Deighton 112, Bradley 90, Lindley 306, Longwood 225, Golcar 392, Scammonden 1:1, Slaithwaite 393, Marsden 88. Mr. Coates also remarks that in the first 1,200 names in the registers, beginning at the year 1606, there are 45 illegitimate children, and in the last 1,200 names (ending 1778) there are 71. Also that the average of marriages in the first five years was at the rate of 28 per annum, and one hundred years after that it was 32, and in.the last five years the number had reached 120, which, according to Buckle’s theory, would be the strongest possible evidence of the improvement which must have taken place among the people. There is a monument to Mr. Coates’s memory in the chancel of the Parish Church, with the following inscription :—

To the Memory Of the Rev. John Coates, M.A., Late Fellow of Catherine Hall, Cambridge,

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And vicar of this parish, In which He laboured faithfully Seven years as a curate And nearly thirty-two years as vicar. He died on Sunday, July 6th, 1823, In the 62nd year of his age. Upright as a man, Kind and faithful as a friend, In domestic life affectionate and beloved, As a clergyman, I Meek, conscientious, and exemplary. He gained the esteem of His numerous parishioners, Who, after beholding his manner of life For nearly 50 years, Have testified their respect for his Character [and regret for their loss] By the erection of this monument. “The memory of the just is blessed.”

Also on a smaller tablet, at the bottom of the

monument :— This tablet is erected To the memory of Mary, ‘Relict of the above Rev. John Coates, Late vicar of this parish, By this congregation, As a mark of respect due to her worth. She died August 1st, 1830, aged 74.

In the graveyard of the Parish Church are two gravestones, with the following names and dates :—

John Coates, formerly of Addingham, Died 4th January, 1799, aged 68 years. Thomas, son of the Rev. John Coates, Died 31st August, 1814, aged 22 years. Sarah, third daughter of the Rev. John Coates, died 16th April, 1848, aged 48 years.

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Hannah, wife of John Coates, of Longroyd Bridge, and second daughter of Joseph Fayrer, Esqre., of Millthorpe, Co. Westmorland. She died 29th Dec., 1817, aged 25 years. Mary Bridget, daughter of John and Hannah, Coates, died 21st December, 18109, aged 4 years. Susanna, daughter of John Coates and (his second wife) Susanna Coates, died 7th November, 1841, aged , 12 years. John Coates, incumbent of Longwood, died 15th April, 1847, aged 57 years. On December t1ogth, 1816, Mr. Coates laid the foundation stone of Trinity Church.

lersley, and JOHN LOCKWOOD, of Storth, were sons of Benjamin Lockwood, of Coldersley, Collasley, or Cowlersley. They had their town office in the Swan Yard, and traded chiefly with the Midland Counties. Benjamin Lock- wood, senr., was born in 1733, and married Alice, daughter of Haigh, of Marsden, and died on the 15th of February, 1810. ‘The eldest son, the first named in the list of Library Subscribers, was born on the 29th May, 1778, and married in October, 1804, Mary, daughter of Thomas Crosley, of Bradford, and had issue three sons of whom Mr. Thomas Lockwood, J.P., of Bilton House, Harrogate, is one, and two daughters. The second

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son of Benjamin the Elder was John Lockwood, of Storth, who died at the age of 77. The Lockwood family appear to have been settled at Cowlersley from very early times. There are two tombstones belonging to this family in Almondbury Churchyard, the inscription on the first reads as follows :—

Here lieth interred the body of John Lockwood, of Collersley, who died January 27th, 1773, aged 51 years, also Alice, wife of Benjamin Lockwood, who died 17th February, 1797, aged 18 years. Also of the above said Benjamin Lockwood, of Cowdersley, who departed this life 15th February, 1810, aged 77 years. Also Benjamin Lockwood, of Cowdersley afore- said, junior, who died sgth November, 1811, aged 34 years.

The second records the deaths of several children of John and Margaret Lockwood, of Cowdersley in Linthwaite. John Lockwood died on the 2 3rd June, 1859, aged 78, and his wife Margaret died in 1849, aged 65 years; Thomas, their eldest surviving son, died in 1854, aged 37 years. In Whitaker’s Leeds, vol. I., there is a mention of this family in the large pedigree of the Beaumonts of Whitley, where it appears that Cecilia, second daughter of Richard Beaumont, of Whitley, married Richard Lockwood, of Collersley, near Huddersfield. The marriage covenants being dated 3rd July, 15 Henry VIII. (1523.)

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BOHN HANNAH was a native of Dumfries, gy} and left that town in 1781. The kindness of his representatives enables me to give a copy of his passport, if it may be so called :— To all whom it may concern. We, his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the county of Dumfries, in Scotland, under subscribing, request his Majesty’s lieges to suffer the bearer, John Hannah, of Dumfries, to pass from this place to Blackburn, in England, unmolested or troubled, he always behaving himself as becomes.

Given at Dumfries, under our hands, this Twenty- eighth day of December, Seventeen Hundred and Eighty-one years. WELLWooD MaxweELL, J.P. Jas. CARRUTHERS, J.P. THOS. STOTHART, J.P. Jno. Brrret, J.P. The Hannahs, of Hannahfield, near Dumfries, were people of considerable standing in their own neighbourhood—and most of their wealth was derived from West Indies, as was so often the case with the old trading families on the West Coast— especially at Glasgow, Lancaster, and Bristol. I have now before me a memorandum book, in which Mr. Hannah appears to have jotted down as in a diary any journeys, festivities, or notes from his reading; from these memoranda intended for no eye but his own, I should say he was a kind, warm-hearted man, with a strong vein of religious feeling in his character. The diary begins

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in April, 1809, when he seems to have entered into board and lodgings at Mr. Henry Bradley’s, in King Street, then comparatively a new: street. “Qn the 31st of October, 18r1, Mr. Hamer and Mrs. M’Nab were married and off to Kirkstall Bridge to dine—a beautiful day.” Happy couples, in those days, did not spend the honeymoon on the Continent, but were content with a drive in a chaise and pair to Manchester, or some neighbouring town, which, in all probability they saw then for the first time. There are numerous little notices of friends who dropped in “to drink a glass with me ”—the Hastings, Dunlops, Andersons, Alex- anders, &c., &c., all, like himself, from beyond the Tweed. ‘There is an old-world hospitable flavour in the account of these little meetings which is very pleasant :—On the 22nd of February, 1812, the depredations of the Luddites at the workshops of Joseph Hirst, of Marsh, are spoken of, and a meeting was held at the George, of the “ principal inhabitants, when a subscription was entered into, and 1oo guineas offered for information.” Then follows on the 28th April, the account of Mr. Horsfall being shot, and of a voluntary association being formed at a meeting held at the George, for the purpose of watching and patrolling the town, and, says Mr. Hannah, ‘‘I was one of the 20 that watched last night.” However, we find it noted on the gth December, that no fewer than eight houses at Fartown were broken into. the previous week, and robbed to a considerable amount. In

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1813 there is a note which is indicative of the feelings which obtained during the old French war :—‘‘ An English man-of-war is the thing after all, she speaks all languages ; is the best negotiator, and the most profound politician in the island; she was always Oliver Cromwell’s ambassador, she is one of the honestest ministers of State that ever existed, and never tells a lie, nor will she suffer the proudest Frenchman, Dutchman, or Spaniard, to bamboozle her or give her a saucy answer.” On the 12th of February, 1813, the Post Office* was

* The Post Office has been rather migratory in Huddersfield, and it may be interesting at this point to notice its movements. The first office, of which there is any record, is the one in Kirkgate, where the ‘‘ Old Post Office Yard” still remains. The business at this place must have been very small, Huddersfield being then only a sub-office, and served from Halifax or Wakefield, or sometimes from Manchester. In 1813, as we have seen, it was removed to King Street, and was under the direction of Mr. Goward. This was at the shop above Mr. Cooper’s, the provision merchant, which was afterwards occupied by Mr. Joshua Bates, silversmith, before he removed to the premises at the bottom of Cloth Hall Street, which until then were occupied by Messrs. Benjamin Wilson and Son, bankers. The Post Office can only have remained in King Street a short time, because in Baines’s Yorkshire Directory of 1820, Mr. Goward was still the postmaster, and the office in New Street ; this would be at Mr. Goward’s private residence, now Mr. Littlewood’s shop. It was then removed to the corner of the Market Place (now Mr. Brown’s), and was afterwards taken across the way by Mr. Moore, where most of us remember it. From Mr. Moore’s office it was removed to the present offices in Nelson’s Buildings ; here also its days are numbered, and ere long we shall see it comfortably, and I venture to hope, permanently, settled in the building now rapidly approaching completion in Northumberland ‘Street.

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_ removed to the top of King Street. This would be from Kirkgate, or rather Old Street, as it used to be called. ‘The only delivery of letters in those early days was by a woman who could not read, and who used to go to a youth* apprenticed at a neighbouring shop to have them arranged in such order that she was able to deliver them without many mistakes. Mr. Hannah’s Diary contains many passages of great interest, but rather difficult of selection. On the 8th December, 1813, a dinner was given at the George Inn, “to rejoice at the late success of ourselves and allies over the French,” a pleasant and harmonious afternoon (!)was spent under the presidency of Sir George Armytage. On the 22nd January in the following year the post did not arrive in consequence of the heavy snow, the same entry is repeated every day until the 25th inst., when 5 mails arrived at 11 o’clock in the forenoon, this state of things continued until Sunday the 6th February, when a thaw began—six weeks after the commencement of the storm, ‘the severest which is remembered by the oldest living.” Singularly enough, although there are several entries about June and July, 1815, there is no allusion to the battle of Waterloo. On February 1816, a troop of horse came into the town to watch the Luddites, who had begun operations again. On the 11th December, 1816, the day darkened

* This young apprentice was the late Mr. Samuel Oakes, who died only this year, having made for himself a high position, as a just, upright, and successful tradesman.

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at half-past eleven to such a degree that it was impossible to read a newspaper, at the News Room, and candles were lighted in warehouses, a heavy fall of snow, accompanied by thunder, followed. On the 29th of March, 1817, in consequence of information from Manchester of the discovery of revolutionary practices, a meeting was held at the George Inn, which was numerously attended, when all present took the oath of allegiance, and were sworn in special constables for three months. On the 2oth June, in the same year, Mr. Hannah stood guard on prisoners at the Saddle Inn, from twelve to four o’clock. On the 19th of November, the Princess Charlotte was buried. “ A day of universal mourning, service in all churches and places of worship—all shops shut, and no business whatever going on.” On the 25th June, 1818, the nomination for the County took place, upon which Mr. Hannah remarks, ‘it is said the last contested election (1807) cost Lord Milton £285,000, and Lord Lascelles £182,000.” As time advances, Mr. Hannah’s diary contains many references to the death of his friends, and he appears to have been so greatly impressed by the uncertainty of life as almost to make us suppose that he had a presentiment of the suddenness of his own end. These entries lead us to the account of his death, in the handwriting of his partner, where we learn that he was found dead in his bed on the 15th of September, 1818,—and that Dr. Turnbull and Mr. Wilks were called in, and that he was buried on the 19th of the month at Mr. Moorhouse’s

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Chapel (No. 19, in the north-east corner), where his grave may now be seen. The firm of which Mr. Hannah was a member was styled John Hannah and Co., Mr. Thomas Kilner, of Carr House, being one of the partners, and Mr. Weale the other. They carried on business in the ware- houses at the corner of Rosemary Lane and Castle- gate, the premises up the lane being occupied as cropping shops, &c. I

SAIOHN BATTYE was a solicitor, and came this town from Birstal in the year 1805. _ Mr. Battye lived first at a house on the - site of Ramsden Street Chapel; the house had a large garden before it, at the end of which was the office. Subsequently he removed to Battye’s Yard, in the Market Place, where, in 1825, he took into partnership the late Mr. Hesp, who before that time was practising in Cross Church Street. The firm afterwards removed into Lockwood’s Yard, in New Street, where the business was carried on by Mr. Hesp and his successors until very lately. Mr. Battye bought a property at Edgerton, where he built the house at present occupied by Mrs. Clough and Mrs. Varley. Before the Halifax new road was made, this property included the sites of the houses of Mr. Robert Learoyd, Mr. Zossenheim, and those built by the late Mr. Clarke. Mr. Battye married — Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. John Hudson. He died in 1837, aged 55, and his wife died in her 87th year in 1868.

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