The Legends and Traditions of Huddersfield and Its District: Volume II, Part III (1945) by Philip Ahier

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L ES Eel eS TRADITIONS

OF HUDDERSFIELD AND ITS. DISTRICT

COLLECTED AND CLASSIFIED BY PHILIP AHIER

4 VOLUME. ft.

PART ill. THE ELLAND FEUD

Concluded.

Illustrations by Miss Irene Ogden.

PRICE 4/-.

1945.

HvupDERSFIELD: Tue ADVERTISER PREss Ltp , PAGE STREET.

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L EGeENOS TRADITIONS

OF HUDDERSFIELD AND ITS DISTRICT

COLLECTED AND CLASSIFIED BY PHILIP AHIER

VOLUME Il.

PART Ill. THE ELLAND FEUD

Concluded.

Illustrations by Miss Irene Ogden.

iy pe eke

te Bens

HUDDERSFIELD /s THE ADVERTISER Press Lrp., PaGzE STREET. Gay

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ili

To my one-time pupil and present friend,

JOSEPH ERIC. SMITH) M. Aw)

of Quarmby Croft, who has assisted in the compilation of former parts by his

photographs and by his general interest

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1V.

CONTENTS

—————

CHAPTER |. ‘Continued.

(8) The Topography of the Elland Feud

Elland Old Hall Quarmby Hall Lockwood Hall Crosland Hall and Moat Puel and The Stone

‘Towneley Hall

Brereton Hall

Cromwellbottom Hall and Woods

~ Brookfoot

Lane Head Furness Fells Botham Hall... Rishworth Elland Mill The Ainleys ...

Whittle Lane and the Old Earth Gate ...

Emley Hall and Park Camnon dialj ... Pedigree of the Beaumonts

Pedigree of the Towneleys...

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107 di 118 119 123 125 127 135 136 136 “lay 137 140 142 142 143 143 150 155 156

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10.

Ly

lz

13,

i+

ED:

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

Viscount Allendale

Quarmby Hall

The Moat at Crosland Hall (2)

The Murderer’s Breakfast, Crosland Hall, 1341

Towneley Hall Brereton Hall before 1838 Capt... Hi, Re Beaumont 1. The Conspirators in Cromwellbottom Woods

Botham Hall

The Gardens at Botham Hall...

The Stepping Stones at Elland The Cutting of Lockwood’s Bowstring The Moat at Emley New Hall The Bridge at Emley New Hall

Cannon Hall Park

Page

Vill

Lie

120 122 126 128 132 134 138 138 141 144 146 148

148

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PREFACE,

Once again I must apologise to .my readers for the delay in the publication of Part III of the Story of “The Elland Feud” which deals with the various places which are in the Ballad and in the older Prose Narrative:

“The Discourse.”

J am under a great debt of gratitude. to the Town Clerk of Burnley, Mr. Archibald Glen, and to Mr. H. K. Foers, the Assistant Solicitor there, for the information concerning Towneley Hall and for the compilation of the pedigree of the Towneleys; likewise to Mr. W. H. Cross, Clerk to the Congleton Rural District Council, for particulars concerning Brereton Hall; to Mr. C. A. E. Horton, Lord Savile’s agent I am most indebted for the information regarding former tenants of Botham Hall, Elland Old Hall, and Emley New Hall; to Mr. F. Brian Crowther, Captain Henry Ralph Beaumont’s agent, and to Miss Alison Shaw, of Botham Hall,

I am most grateful for very much assistance.

Photographs have been difficult to obtain, and even when they have been taken, have not been found suitable for the making of blocks, but I have been most fortunate in having had the co-operation of Miss Irene Ogden, whose illustra- tions of four episodes in the Feud are most pleasing and unique. To Mr. G. Blenkhorn, I must express my watmest

thanks for the photograph of the front of Brereton Hall.

I could not possibly terminate this Preface without

acknowledging, for the nth time, my appreciation of the

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Vii assistance and help granted to me at the Huddersfield Public Library by Mr. Horace Goulden, F.L.S., Public Librarian,

and by his Assistants, to whom I am most grateful.

In conclusion I must add that my association with the Printers has been most cordial, in these days of strain’ and stress. PHILIP AHIER.

24, Lightridge Road August, 1945.

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“ATVGNYTIV LNOOOSIA

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107

CHAPTER I (continued) (8) THE TOPOGRAPHY OF THE ELLAND FEUD.

In this Section, I propose to deal with the various places which are mentioned in “The Discourse” (Vol. II, pp. 4—12). Some of the Halls therein referred to have already received some description but a subsequent visit to nearly all the places has resulted in the introduction of some additional

TORTS.

() ELLAND OLD HALL. (a) DESCRIPTION.

An account of this Georgian building was given on pages 158-159 of Volume I. I revisited the homestead: in May, 1944, and noted first that the inscription with the “D.W.C. 1718” in the old kitchen was again visible, due to the stripping of the wallpaper which had been put over it, and secondly, that this room had now been divided into two. I

At the back of the East Wing of the building there was formerly a very old small window frame—reminiscent of a slit window of a castle. However, in the renovations which were effected in 1944, this old-time relic was removed and a large modern window inserted. This old window slit may have formed part of the chapel which at one time constituted a feature of the Hall. That such a chapel existed is proved by its mention in the Dodsworth MS. (1602) wherein amongst the list of decayed chapels in the Parish of Halifax, that of Elland Hall Chapel is quoted (Halifax Antiquarian Society’s Proceedings for the year 1909, page 29).

The centre part of Elland Old Hall is worthy of mention on account of some architectural oddities therein contained. Although modern, yet it possesses two large reception rooms lighted by four sets of double windows. In the upper storey

there is a room which is so unsymmetrical in form that it

would baffle any geometrician to define or describe, the four walls taper to a large square; parallel to one wall is a gabled arch which emerges from the floor. A stone doorway on the ground floor leads to a cellar with an arched roof, this cellar may have been a dungeon in the days of the first Hall. A huge upright beam proceeds from the cellar to the roof of the building.

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An attempt was made in April, 1944, to probe the secrets of the “vacancy of considerable size’ which is to be seen in the West-end gable of the. Hall. A long crow-bar was driven through the walls but no tangible results accrued.

In the early part of September, 1932, the Elland Old Hall’ Estates were sold by public auction by the then Trustees of Lord Savile to Lord Mexborough for £3,300, and although the Old Hall has changed hands, it is still held by a member of the Savile family (p. 98).

It may be necessary to state that Elland Old Hall is a new building while Elland New Hall on the right-hand side of Elland Edge Road to Elland is an old homestead, having been erected by Nicholas. Savile in 1510, probably the son of Sir John Savile, d. 1482 (p. 94).

Thanks to the courtesy and co-operation of Mr, C. A. E. Horton, the Agent of Lord Savile’s estates, I am enabled to print a ‘list of the tenants of Elland Old Hall from the year 1739 to the present time :—

List of Tenants of Elland Hall Farm from 1739.

Mr. Dean ...... ui i i 1738 Mr. William tied St a il - about 1774 Mr. Thomas Lambert ... a ... 1774—1816 Mr. Fenton Lembort .. yo. oe sa) Mr. Thos. Fenton Lambert... ....... uu. = 181 — 1848 Mr. John Carstairs is fi hs oe 1849—1860 Mr. James Leslie Carstairs ... ©... ee .. 1860-—1861 Mr. Samuel Waterhouse ae a Ne 1862—1878 Mr. Andrew Dow ee 5 i ray 1879—1880 Mrs Leopard Aspinall... 680 fan 4) es 1 Mr. Robert Drummond sao cease AOR +1808 Mr. Joseph Holroyd me is an i 1896—1902 Mrs, Elizabeth Holroyd ve sis Bs 1903—1917 Mr. and Miss J. C. E. and S. A. Holroyd ‘ai 1918—1921 Mr. and Mrs, J. H. L. M. H. and D. Watson 1921—1926 Messrs. A. W. Hare and A. W. Hare, jr. ... 1926—1930. Mr. J. 8. Morton ae i Ls bs «ty 1930—

In 1945, the following were the tenants: Messrs George Frederick Savile Pa ene John Bentley Morton and Ralph Morton,

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109 (b) ‘SIR’ JOHN de ELAND THE’ ELDER,

It was mentioned to me that I had given biographies of the victims of Sir John de Eland the elder’s vendetta, viz., Old “Hugh” de Quarmby and Sir Robert Beaumont, but that [ had said little about the Lord of the Manor of Elland, the villain of the piece.

Sir John de Eland was the eldest son of Sir Hugh de Eland and of Joan, the daughter ‘of Sir Richard de Tan- kersley. It is not known in what year he was born, but if the story of his murder at the hands of Adam de Beaumont, William de Lockwood and William de Quarmby be true,

_ then he died in the October of the year 1350.

We first hear of him on the 22nd of July in the year 1309, when he appeared at the Court at Wakefield and swore fealty for his estates after the death of his father. In this year, too, we find him granting his lands in Meltham to Richard, son of Richard le Tyeis, while in that year also, both his mother and himself granted lands in Carlecotes.

In the year 1313, Sir John de Eland was in the service © of his feudal superior, the Earl de Warenne (W.C.R., Vol. III, p. 15). On February 24th, 1317, as we have already observed, at the request of the Earl de Warenne he obtained the grant of a weekly market for Elland from the Crown (p. 58). In the early part of the year 1322, he and his brother Richard attested a grant by Thomas, son of Richard de Avenley, to his own brother, James de Eland, of certain lands in Fixby. I

He apparently took no part in the Earl of Lancaster’s rebellion against Edward I] which culminated in the execu- tion of the former. But for reasons which, as yet, must remain obscure, he was suspected of complicity in this revolt and his estates both in Elland and in Rochdale were con- fiscated to the Crown.

On October 3rd, 1322, an order was sent to Thomas de Eyvill, the keeper of the lands of certain rebels 1 in the county of York: I

“To restore to John de Eland his lands in Eland and the issues thereof since his lands were taken into the King’s hands, upon his finding mainpernors (= security) to answer to the King, as the said keeper had certified that Simon de Dryby took John de Eland’s lands into the King’s hands;

pretending that he was an adherent of Thomas, late of Ear!

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of Lancaster, and of other rebels, and that John was not an adherent of the said Earl or of other rebels.”

A similar order was sent on November 11th, 1322, to John Travers to restore the lands and goods belonging to Sir John de Eland in Rochdale, Lancashire.

On the 9th of July, 1322, Sir John de Eland the elder was pardoned for “acquiring without licence from John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, 20 marks a year of rent, receivable from certain tenants of the Earl in Soyland, Fixby, Rastrick, Hipperholme and Rishworth, then in the hands of the Earl of Surrey and held in chief, which town afterwards came came into the hands of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster (1318) and are now in the King’s hands by the forfeiture of the

last named Earl.” Sir John, however, had to pay a fine of 10 marks (£6 13s. 4d.). I

Between the years 1325- 1347, there are numerous references to the judicial and public activities of Sir John de Eland. In 1347 he was the collector of an aid on the occasion of the knighthood of the Black Prince; he was made a Justice of ‘‘ Oyer and Terminer ’”’ in the years 1327; 1330 and 1333; a Commissioner of Array in 1325, 1335, and last of all Sheriff in the year 1340-1341.

During the years 1334-1338, Sir John de Eland was engaged in a lawsuit against John de Warenne, Earl of I Surrey. Through his attorney, John de Northland, Sir John demanded a mill, 100 acres of pastures and 50 acres of land in Hipperholme. The dispute dragged on for four dreary years, and ultimately, was referred to King Edward II for settlement. After many delays, the King gave his verdict which was delivered on the Octave of St John the Baptist that Sir John should recover possession from the Earl of Surrey the pasture lands, the other lands and three parts of the mill, but as he had made a false claim regarding the fourth part of the mill, that ‘Sir John ‘‘was to be in mercy,’’ that is, he had to ask forgiveness from the Earl of Surrey.

Notwithstanding the fact that there had been a lawsuit between these two personages, yet the Earl of Surrey, on the 24th of June, 1347, made Sir John de Eland one of the executors of his Will (Vol. I, p. 121).

On November Ist, 1345, his son, afterwards Sir John de Eland the younger (from Oct. 1350 till April 1351) -granted to his father and mother the Manor of Brighouse, and on the 20th April, 1348, this self same son granted the Manor of Mirfield to John de Heton. I

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Sir John de Eland married three times, his first wife was Alice, the daughter of Sir’ Robert de Lathom; his second wife was a lady of the Reygate family, Watson said her Christian name was Ann; his third wife was Aline and married Geoffrey de Warburton after the murder of her. husband in October of the year 1350.

(i) QUARMBY. HALL. -(a) DESCRIPTION.

This Elizabethan homestead was partially described on pages 179—181 of Volume I. The building had been at a later date divided into four dwelling houses; one of which, at the moment, is unoccupied, and, as I stated in the ‘‘Errata to I Volume I.,’’ has been subjected to much vandalism, in parti- cular, many of the diamond-shaped window panes have been broken. ee i I I

(a) The South West Gable calls for special mention. This. is the part of the Hall which contains the hart trippant—the crest of John Blythe—the builder of the homestead between the years I Here the walls are two to three feet thick. Oak beams support the ceiling of the lower room, but these have been papered. One of the beams which traverses the ceiling is the lower part of a tree trunk and is supported by an oak pillar in the middle of this room. I I

Stone steps lead to the upper room and have been cased in wood, as they were becoming unsafe through years of use. The floor of this bedroom is made of black oak and is difficult to clean. I There were originally twelve windows containing ~ twelve diamond-shaped panes of glass — one hundred and forty-four little windows to clean each Friday; the labour entailed proved too much for the owners, who removed the diamond panes and substituted larger sheets of plain glass.

At the time of writing, this part of the old homestead (No. 49) is the best-kept portion of the Elizabethan dwelling- heuse, and its owners are to be congratulated on this fact.

The other two parts (Nos. 47 and 61) do not call for any particular notice, except that their present.owners are Mrs. A.

Green and Mrs. Reid.

(b) The ground floor of the unoccupied part of Quarmby Hall (formerly a shop) has an area of forty-nine square yards. The stone archway of the former open fireplace has been papered. To the left of the fireplace is a huge cupboard, in which, so tradition relates, former Constables of Quarmby

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UARMBY HALL.

Photo by the late Mr. W. H. Sikes.

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detained offenders against the law. An oaken pillar in the form of a tree trunk supports the beam which stretches across the ceiling. I

The two upper rooms of this deserted part of old Quarmby

Hall contain massive oak beams two feet square, pegged together, not a nail nor a screw is to be seen therein. Formerly,

a stone staircase led to this front upper room, but it was

removed and a wooden one substituted in its place. A tradi- tion has been handed down that at one time blood stains could be seen on the stone stairs; these stains were supposed to be

the dried-up blood of old ‘‘Hugh de Quarmby,”’ but stories _

have been told of their periodical renewal. Moreover, the building in which old ‘‘Hugh’’ met his death in 1341 was demolished, as we have seen, to make way for the present one.

The front upper room of this derelict part is lighted by six windows, five of which now contain (where they have not been broken) diamond-shaped leaded panes. Hobkirk, in his of Huddersfield,’’ said that in the early part of the last century, these windows contained the original thick blue glass, which had come into use after the discovery of the

material. !

Hobkirk was the first local topographer to give an account of the Elizabethan homestead. In the year 1859, he told his readers that it was inhabited by a very old man, James Denham, whose ancestors had occupied it for some hundreds of years. Mr. Denham escorted Hobkirk through “his old castle’? and related to him all he (Denham) could about the building (See Vol. L., p. 179).

In his second edition to his ‘‘History of Huddersfield,’’ published in 1868, Hobkirk tells us that old Mr. Denham had died and that the house had passed into other hands, that the furniture had been removed to Longwood, where Mr. Denham's housekeeper then lived. It would be interesting to know what what has happened to these relics of the old Hall.

Three relics of the building are still in existence: —

__ (a) The stone sundial, two and a half feet square and three inches thick, which was formerly placed on the side of the Hall containing the hart trippant. The Roman figures denoting the hours are still visible as well as the lead on which the indicator was soldered.

(b) By the side of this part of the Hall there reposes an old stone, which at one time formed the lower half of the head-piece of the old Quarmby stocks. The two uprights of this quondam instrument of punishment are to be seen near a

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pillar-box in Haughs Road. On the smaller of these two uprights are inscribed the letters ‘‘ III. 14 es. 58.’’ A finger directional mark suggests that at one time this upright formed part of either a milestone or a directional post.

(c) The staff of the Constable of Quarmby which, 50

tradition says, at one time was lodged in Quarmby Hall, is

now safely deposited at the north side of the Chancel entrance

at St. Mark’s Church, Longwood.

Three other interesting facts concerning the old homestead are worth recording :—

(i) On Robert Morden’s map compiled in 1695, it ts designated “ Wharingby Hall.”

(ii) In the nineties of the last century at the famous Earl’s

Court Exhibition in London, it is said that a model in loaf- sugar of the Hall was to be seen.

In the month of May, 1932, a large part of the roof of that portion now unoccupied collapsed during a thunder- storm. The fall of the tiles was a shock to the then occupants of the building, who feared that it had been struck by lightning. It was never ascertained whether the collapse of the roof was due to the lightning or otherwise. The roof was not charred as the result of this storm, and at the time it was suggested that it was ‘‘a strange coincidence if this sturdy old Hall should have begun to collapse of its own accord in the middle of a thunderstorm.”’

FORMER OWNERS OF THE: TWO QUARMBY HARES 1219—1386 The de Quernbys or de Quarmbys. 1386—1526 The Stapletons. 1526—1574 The Blythes and the Eltofts. 1574—1597 The Blythes. 1597—1634 Sir Edward Barkham, 1634—1855 The Thornhills of Fixby. 1859 Mr. Thomas Denham. 1868-1927. Mr. Abraham Hall and his descendants.

Messrs, Charles and Abraham Hall, Former and Present Tenants of No. 49:

1890 Mrs. Shaw. 1890—-1892 Mr. G. Holt. 1892 Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Moore (owners since 1927),

Former and Present Owners of No, 57 (unoccupied) : \1927—1936 Mrs, J. W. Hoyle. 1936 Mr. Earnshaw,

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(b) PEDIGREE OF THE DE QUARMBYS OF QUARMBY HALL.

— Fitz-Orm

Adam de Heton Thomas de Quarmby :. d. 1218. I John de Quarmby I. living in 1219 ? wanes de Quarmby

I John de Quarmby II = Joan living 1294

i I

I 3 Wiliam de Quarmby I John de Quarmby III Agnes de Quarmby living 13805 (? Old Hugh = Margery = (i) Sir Robert Beaumont murdered, 1840). } : = (ii) Henry d’ Eyville

William de Quarmby

Thomas de Quarmby II John Quarmby Iv = Alice d. 1825 b; 3286, d. in 1328.

John de Quarmby V = Margery

I

John de Quarmby VI William de Quarmby II = (i) Joan Preston = (ii) Hugh de d. 1362-68 d. 1384 I I Annesley

= Catherine :

Joan de Quarmby (i) = Hugh de Annesley = (ii) — Fitzwilliam d. 1886. -

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(c) PEDIGREE OF THE STAPLETONS OF

QUARMBY.

Sir Gilbert Stapleton, d. 1321

THE MANOR OF

Sir Miles Stapleton

Sir Miles Stapleton d. 1418

Sir Bryan Stapleton 1438

Sir Miles Stapleton d. 1466

Sir

Sir

Si Si

~

Brian Stapleton I[, K.G., d. 1394

Bryan Stapleton II, K.G. d. 139] = Elizabeth Aldburgh Brian Stapleton, 4. 1hi7 Brian Stapilton IV

b. 1418, d. 1466

Sir Brian Stapleton V

I

Thomas Stapleton, of Quarmby d._ 1525

=

Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Neville, of Liversedge

Maude = Anthony Eltofts

Elizabeth =

I William Blythe

(see next pedigree)

(d) PEDIGREE OF THE BLYTHES (LATER OF QUARMBY).

I I

I Thomas Blythe = - (5th son)

sae Blythe

- - — Skellowes

Elizabeth Stapleton (i) = William Blythe = (ii) Elizabeth

John Blythe, d. 1587 = Elizabeth, dau. of

John Savile, of New Hall bur. 29 May, 1588

Geoffrey Dorothy

died “young

of Quarmby

Portington

Nicholas Blythe =: Margaret, dau. of Richard Tildesley

Thomas Blythe

Richard Blythe (lst son) = Catherine Birchet

William Blythe, of Notts = - - - Silioke

I Jerome Blythe

of Norton = Elizabeth

William Blythe of Rotherham = Gertrude Stringer

Thomas Blythe

I

Sir Edward Barkham = daughter

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117 (ce) STEPS TAKEN TO PRESERVE QUARMBY HALL

In the Addenda to Volume I., I wrote (in December, 1942) : “The front part of Quarmby Hall is now unoccupied. Unfortunately, the tiny diamond-shaped panes of glass are being continually broken. Cannot something be done, to preserve the homestead from further vandalism?’’ During the year 1943, the outside of the unoccupied part was getting worse, one complete window pane of the upper room had gone entirely. I wrote to various bodies to ascertain whether steps could be taken to preserve this ancient building for posterity :—

(a) The Huddersfield Corporation; (b) The Society of West Yorkshire Architects; (c) The Yorkshire Archeological Society; (d) The Office of Works. The replies I received from the Office of Works were most satisfactory :— I

(i) ‘‘ With reference to our letter of the 12th April (1944) one of our architects has now had an opportunity of visiting the building. We understand that it is a typical small York-: shire Manor house of the 16th century, and forms the centre of a detached group of dwellings known as Quarmby Fold. The ‘‘fold’”’ is an interesting survival of a detached community and it would be an excellent thing if not only the Hall, but the whole group could be preserved.’’

‘““ As regards the condition of the Hall, it was considered that this was not as bad as you feared since the appearance of the unoccupied portions was somewhat misleading.’’

“We hope very much that you will be successful in your efforts to persuade the Huddersfield Corporation to preserve this historic group.’’ [Letter dated the 24th July, 1944].

I wrote to the Office of Works and suggested that a letter to the Huddersfield Corporation on the lines indicated above. would have better effect than any steps I could personally take.

To this letter I received a reply on the 17th of August, 1944 :—

‘“ One of our officers has now discussed the question of the preservation of the building with the Assistant Regional Planning Officer, of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, at Leeds. We understand that the Huddersfield Corporation have not, as yet, produced a Town Planning Scheme, but the Regional Officer will draw the Corporation’s attention to the importance of Quarmby Hall when Town Planning proposals are being considered.”’

I re-visited the unoccupied part of Quarmby Hall on Easter

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Monday, 1945, and found that more windows 1 in the front had been broken.

\

(iii) LOCKWOOD HALL.

‘On pages 221—224 of Volume I will be found an account of the two homesteads which the residents of Lockwood allege to be the successor (or successors) of the building in which old Lockwood de Lockwood met his doom in the May of the year 1341 assuming that the first part of the story of the Elland Feud is historically accurate.

In 1933, I received the following letter from Mr. F. Frobisher, then of Lockwood, but now residing at Crosland

Moor:

“During the years 1874 to 1879, I lived at the Dockery at the bottom of Swan Lane, and well remember the fact of Mr. Norman Wrigley’s being in residence at North House, the gardens of which were adjoining ours at the top of the Deeckery.

“To my mind, there is still part of the old Lockwood Hall in existence. It is the surgery of Dr. Ingham, the present resident of North House, and is built upon arched cellars which [ venture to think were those of the old Lockwood Hall.”

Eleven years later (in September, 1944), I wrote to Dr. M. D. Mackenzie (whose father had lived at North House) as to whether he could solve the problem. Here is his reply:

“Your letter raises an old controversy which you doubtless know was dealt with at some length in an article published in the “Huddersfield Examiner” some ten or fifteen years ago. My mother, who died two years ago at the age of eight-four, and had always lived in Lockwood, maintained that the site of Lockwood Hall was the residence of the late Dr. Baldwin. On ‘the other hand the very extensive and old -cellars extending under North House suggest a very much older building than the house itself.

‘Moreover, twenty or thirty years ago when repairs were being carried out in the cottage attached to North House (now serving as the waiting room to the surgery) we found above the lintel of the door several small sacks of wheat suggesting that the cottage had served as a farm house or a granary. Certainly this cottage is very much older than North House itself.”

eee

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t

And so, to use Mr. Taylor Dyson’s expression, the exact site of the first Lockwood Hall ‘is still a mystery and the case for either modern homestead being the successor of the original building ‘‘not proven.’

(ivy) “‘CROSLAND HALE AND. MOAT.

No remains of the former Hall—the residence of Sir Robert Beaumont at the time of his murder in 1341—are to be seen, but a considerable part of the moat still exists, a description of which has ay been given in Vol. I., pp. 218-221.

As already stated, Crosland Hall was the abode of the Beaumonts before they were seated at Whitley Hall. The late Mr, Legh Tolson, in his of Kirkheaton” (p. 117) in this connection, said:

“Henry de Beaumont was succeeded by his eldest son also named Henry, who made Whitley Beaumont Hall his house and Crosland Hall (or Fosse as it was sometimes known) was occupied by a younger brother, Roger Beau- mont. The descendants of this Roger Beaumont continued to live here till the days of Henry VIII,”

The late Mr. D. F. E. Sykes suggested in his “History of Huddersfield and its District” (p. 249), that during the days of its prime, at Crosland Hall, as well as at other Halls in our district, the sons and daughters of the great house were doubtless instructed after a sort by a domestic chap- lain or parish priest.”

During the years 1389-1390, some stirring events happened in the vicinity of Crosland Hall for there occurred a case of cattle-stealing with fatal results. Sir John Asshe- ton, of Lancashire, took by force of arms some of Henry de Beaumont’s cattle. This seems to have been a favourite pursuit of the gentry in mediaeval days. In the fracas which took place at the time of this cattle raiding John D’Arcy, one of Sir John Assheton’s men, was killed by Henry de Beaumont. The latter was tried at York, and the indictment against him recited that Thomas Beaumont, son of Henry -de Beaumont, of Crosland Hall, shot John D’Arcy with an arrow, and mortally wounded him, This was not a sufficient death blow for D.Arcy, for the indictment further said that. Henry de Beaumont dealt D’Arcy a mortal wound with his sword on the right side of the head, and that Robert de Rowley struck him on the left side. Such was the weakness

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THE MOAT AT CROSLAND HALL, Photo by Mr. J. Evie Smith, M.A., F.R.G.S,

THE MOAT AT CROSLAND. HALL. Photo by Mr. J. Eric Smith, M.A., F.R.G.S.

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of mediaeval justice that Henry de Beaumont, his son Thomas, and Robert de Rowley were acquitted.

Not content, however, with having been acquitted, Henry de Beaumont actually sued, in 1390, three members of the Assheton family for having taken his cattle by force of arms. he sequel to this lawsuit is not known, but in 1392, Sir John Assheton, Thomas Assheton his son and heir, Alice, the widow of John D’Arcy, and some others, released to Henry de Beaumont all actions of appeal on account of John D’Arcy’s death. Later in 1392, at Lancaster, Henry de Beaumont agreed “that he and his eight sons when they attained their majority should release all actions against Sir John Assheton and several others.” In other words, no further action was to be taken by thé Beaumonts and the dispute was ended. I

It was suggested to me many years ago after I had written the first part of the “History of South Crosland” that the moat which is to be seen around part of Crosland Lower Hall (photo on page 2), should be excavated. This piece of work and a similar one in ‘connection with Ark Hill Mound at Birkby (Vol. I, pp. 237-241), I venture to think, should be effected under the auspices of a local archaeo- logical society, and we certainly need such a strong and energetic body in Huddersfield. I

Both Crosland Lower Old Hall Farm (Mr. G. H. Saxton) and Lower Hall are still the property of Capt. H. R. Beaumont, the many times great-grandson of Sir Robert

Beaumont who was murdered in the building which stood there in 1340.

The Balladist, when describing the resentful attitude of Adam Beaumont when he was compelled to sit at the breakfast table in Crosland Hall after his father, Sir Robert, ere ey murdered, puts in the mouth of Sir John de Eland the elder;

“But if that he wax wild anon I shall him soon forsee; And cut them off one by one, As time shall then serve me.”

—(v. 32, Beaumont-Watson version) Watson, in his ‘ Observations,” said, “ This threat was

not carried out for while Sir John’s issue was entirely cut off,. that of the Beaumonts continued,”

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CROSLAND HALL.

THE MURDERERS BREAKFAST, Ogden,

1341.

Sketch by Miss Irene

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The Beaumont family is now represented, first by Captain Henry Ralph Beaumont, formerly of Whitley Hall, now of Pickering, and secondly, by Viscount Allendale, of Bretton Hall.

The pedigree of the Beaumonts of Whitley and of Bretton is annexed. I have tried to show the relationship which exists between the two branches of the family. There have been four branches of the family since the days of Sir Robert de Beaumont; the first ended with Sir Richard Beaumont (1574-1631), the holder of a ‘ moiety’ of the Manor of Huddersfield till a few days before his death. He bequeathed his estates to his cousin, Major Thomas Beaumont (1605-1668) who was afterwards knighted and founded the second line. This second branch terminated with his great-grandson, Richard Beaumont (1677-1704, not shown in the pedigree). The third branch commenced with another Richard Beaumont (1670-1723), a grandson of Sir Thomas Beaumont and continued till 1857 when Mr. Richard Henry Beaumont died. The above Mr. R. H. Beaumont bequeathed his estates to his adopted son, Mr. Henry Frederick Beaumont, M.P. (1833-1913), who was descended from George Beaumont of The Oaks, Darton (1696-1737), and who was the grandson of Thomas Richard Beaumont, M.P., of Bretton Hall (1758-1829).

The pedigree indicated several features in the Beaumont family which have not been clearly shown before; first, the marriage between: William Beaumont, of Thornes, Lepton, and his distant cousin, Rosamund Beaumont, which took place in the year 1567; secondly, the marriage between George Beaumont, of The Oaks, Darton (1696-1737) and his distant cousin, Frances Beaumont (1704-1735), which took place on the 23rd of April, 1723, when she was nineteen years old; thirdly, the relationship between Mr. H. F. Beaumont, M.P. (1833-1913, the donor of Beaumont Park), the adopted son of Mr. R. H. Beaumont (1805-1857), with the Beiumonts of Bretton Hall.

(V) PUR a AND THE STANDING § DON E.. (a). THE: MOUNT BENEATH MARSDEN:

‘“ The Discourse ’’ states that the meeting place of the Towneleys and the Breretons, who had been summoned _ to assist Lady Beaumont at Crosland Hall with the messengers ot the latter, took place ‘“betwixt Puel & ye Standing Stone ’ (p .7), but the Balladist said that these two gentlemen came ©

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from Lancashire and Cheshire to the aid of Lady Beaumont ‘‘near unto ye mount beneath Marsden’’ (v. 30, p. 46).

Dr. Whitaker, who may not have seen ‘‘The Discourse,”’ but who had certainly read ‘‘ Revenge upon Revenge,’’ where the last-named zendezvous is recorded, commented :—

‘One great geographical inaccuracy escaped the writer (of the Ballad) in representing the Towneleys who were coming out of Lancashire, and the Breretons, out of Cheshire, to the relief of the Beaumonts, as meeting at Marsden’’ (‘‘Loidis and Elmete,’’ p. 395).

‘‘ The Discourse ’’ as we have already suggested (p. 62) is certainly much more explicit in many of its statements than the corresponding Ballad, and it is possible that the words ‘‘Puel and the Standing Stone’’ cguld not have been introduced in rhyme.

I am inclined to think that ‘‘Puel’’ is none other than Pule Hill, which can definitely be described as ‘‘the mount beneath Marsden,’’ so that there is little discrepancy between the two statements. I

Puel cannot be identified with Pole Moor, as the late Mr. J. Horsfall, Turner, in his ‘“‘Elland Tragedies’’ suggested (p. 88), and after a consultation with Dr. J. Grainger, B.Sc.,- the former curator of the Tolson Memorial Museum at Raven- snowle, I am convinced that the Pule Hill is intended.

Pule Hill forms a prominent feature in the landscape to the west of Marsden and rises to a height of 1,400 feet above sea level or about 220 feet above the surrounding moorland.

_ Mr. W. R. Crump, M.A., in his study of the ‘‘Ancient Highways over the Pennines,’’ gives details of the existing mountain roads :—

“The old road over Standedge takes at Marsden the name of Mount Road, as it ascends Pule Hill, and the verse (30, in the Holroyd-Turner version of the Ballad, p. 46) is sufficient to prove the existence and use of that crossing when the Ballad was made at any rate. It was the direct road from Brereton Green through Stockport, but not from Towneley Hall.’’ (Halifax Antiquarian Society’s Proceedings; 1926 Volume, p. 94). !

(b) THE STANDING STONE.

A Stone is the term applied to any vertical post or pillar, either found naturally and serving as a landmark, or one erected by some authority as a directional post or milestone,

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Thus there is a ‘‘Standing Stone’’ on Scapegoat Hill at

the corner of Round Ings Road and the lane leading to Moles

Head at the middle of two cross roads. This stone was erected by Messrs. John Haigh and Abraham Hall in the year 1756 and indicates the directions and mileages to ‘‘Ripponden, Halifax and Slaighwait” (Slaithwaite).

On the Marsden Moors there is to be seen a vertical stone post which may have been a boundary stone between Lancashire and Yorkshire, or it may have been a directional stone on which were engraved the directions and the mileages. The stone has become so weatherworn that all traces of any markings have disappeared.

It is ‘possible that the Standing Stone mentioned in “The Discourse’ (p. 7) may have been this particular one or a predecessor, I

(vi) TOWNELEY HALL.

For the information which follows I am_ considerably indebted to Mr. Archibald Glen, the Town Clerk of Burnley, and to Mr. H. K. Foers (Assistant Solicitor thereat).

Towneley Hall and Park are situated in the County Borough of Burnley, while the River Calder flows through the Park. The Hall is quadrangular, the fourth side facing the North .East being open. :

One of the first authentic records relating to the locality states that about the year 1200 Roger de Lacy, Constable of Chester (also Lord of the Manor of Huddersfield), granted lands at ‘‘Tunleia’’ to Geoffrey, son of Robert the Dean of Whalley, who had married his daughter. In 1235, Towneley was held by Richard de Towneley by gift of his _ brother, Roger. Richard de Towneley had three daughters, Alicia, Agnes and Cecilia, the latter of whom married John de la Legh, Gilbert obtained a charter in 1342 by which he held (his wife’s one-third) lands at Towneley. His son, Richard, dropped the name of Legh and adopted that of Towneley. It may be that the Sir John Towneley mentioned on page 7 was this John de la Leigh (sometimes spelt Legh), because he was Lord of one-third of Towneley, 7u7e uxoris et per legem anglie (= in right of his wife and according to the law of England), after the death of his wife, Cecilia. He was alive in 1340-1 (14 Edward III., at the time of the first three murders, p. 75), as shown by’a grant of Corrody by the Abbot and Convent of Whalley, and ultimately his son Gilbert succeeded him. But the one-third shares of Agnes and Alicia became vested in William de Hargreaves, and he in 1338 handed these .~

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Reproduced

sgn

by courtesy of the Burnley

TOWNELEY HALL.

Town Couneil.

126

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two shares over to Richard de Towneley (son of John de la Leigh), and later, on the death of Gilbert and Gilbert’s wife, Richard received (by escheat?) his brother Gilbert’s one-third share, and thus the Towneley estates became again united in one person, Richard de Towneley (whose name, as we have seen, was Richard de la Leigh). I

In 1473, Sir John Towneley, Kt., was born: he built the Domestic Chapel which 1s still preserved intact except for the altar, which was taken. away by Miss Mary Elizabeth Towneley, a nun (Sister Marie des Saints Anges), who died in 1919,

The Towneleys continued in the male line till the year 1554, when Richard Towneley died, leaving a daughter, Mary, who saved the situation by marrying her cousin Towneley at the age of 15 years, and had 14 children! Since then the estates have descended to males until the year 1872. I

Charles Towneley, the eldest son, had three daughters only. On his death he was succeeded by his only brother, Colonel John Towneley, M.P., who had issue, Richard Towneley and four daughters. Richard died in Rome un- married in. 1877, his father John died in 1878, and thus the only claimants were the three daughters of Charles Towneley and the four daughters of John Towneley. By an Act of Parlia- ment approving a Deed of Partition, the estates were divided, and the youngest daughter of Charles Towneley, Alice Mary, Baroness O’Hagan, succeeded to Townley Hall itself. ‘With the approval of her son, the present Baron O’ Hagan, she sold the Hall and 62 acres in March, 1902, to the Burnley Corpora- tion for £17,500. A Parliamentary survey taken after the yea. {612 gave the area of the estate as 1,070 acres. .

(vii) BRERETON HALL. (a) DESCRIPTION.

This homestead is situated in the parish of Brereton, near Sandbach, and in the Rural District of Congleton, in

the County of Chester.

The Hall itself is situated on.a gentle rise on the bank of the Croc, which was formerly collected into a small lake in front of the mansion, now considerably diminished and rush-grown. The building, in the shape of the letter E, consists of one entire side of a quadrangle, and portions of two others. I The principal front wing to the west, having wings terminated in gables, and two lofty octagonal towers in the centre crowned with cupolas rising at each side of the

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Photograph by Mr. G.

Blenkhorn of a print by C.

BRERETON HALL BEFORF 1838.

Pye, from a painting by F. De Wint.

Originally published by Messrs. Lockington & Co., on July Ist,

1818.

128

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entrance connected by a semi-circular arch near the summit. The towers were enriched with large bay windows, extend- ing without interruption across the towers and the centre, with various ornaments in the mixed style of Queen Eliza- beth: the rose and portcullis, the royal arms and those of the family, over the doorway is the date 1586. In 1830, Mr. John Howard, of Hyde, the purchaser, demolished the two Tudor towers.

The interior had suffered much from _ alterations, but there is still one fine room remaining nearly unaltered (the room) round the frieze of which are painted the arms of the sovereigns of Europe. The various armorial bearings of Cheshire families occur in the painted glass of the several windows, and are also painted on the cornice of the staircase.

Queen Elizabeth is said to have laid the first stone of this fabric, and in one of the rooms are the Brereton arms surrounded with a triangular mantle, the form of which is traditionally reported to be copied from the fan of Elizabeth.

This was the description of Brereton Hall, given by George Ormerod, in his “ History of Cheshire, ” (Vol. 211; pp. 86-87). The following paragraphs relating to the History of the Brereton family have been very kindly supplied to me by; Mr WV. H.Cross, Clerk Congleton District Council :—

first definite reference to Bereton appears in the Domesday Survey of William the Conqueror where it is recorded that the manor of Bretune (Brereton) was one of the six dependencies of Kinderton which Gilbert de Venables obtained at the time of the Conquest. (The name Venables is still in existence in the parish). Shortly after the Domes- day Survey, Brereton was granted to a family which took that name and the pedigree of the family of William de Brereton began about 1175, and it is interesting to note that_ William was an oft recurring family name.

In the reign of Henry VIII, Sir William Brereton of Brereton, became Chief Justice and Lord High Marshal of

and his great-grandson, Sir William Brereton, was

created Lord Brereton of Leighlin, in Ireland, in 1624. It was this gentleman who built the present Brereton Hall. The fifth and last Lord Brereton died unmarried in 1722, and so the direct male line of the Breretons ceased after holding the estate for 600 years.

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In 1646, Jane Brereton, a grand-daughter of the first Lord Brereton, married Sir Robert Holte, of . Duddeston, in Warwickshire. _ The estate thus passed through the female line and was in the hands of the Holtes and Bracebridge for 100 years. I

The last connecting link with the Hall was severed in 1817 when an Act of Parliament was obtained for the dis- memberment of the estate and to satisfy the claims of assignees. The property was advertised for sale, but it is presumed that it was never sold by public auction, ‘and a few

years later it was bought by Mr. John Howard, of Hyde, Cheshire. 7

An offspring, John Brereton Howard, came into the estate in 1898, at the age of three years. This young man took a commission in the last war and died of wounds in 1918. He willed the estate to a cousin, Mr. Norman, McLean, and in the event of him dying issueless it was to pass to a second cousin, Miss Garnet Botfield (who later married Capt. Corbett Winder). This lady is the present owner’ of the Hall, which is now being used by a Ladies’ School from Manchester.

The Sir (afterwards Lord) Brereton, who built the hall, married Margaret, the daughter of his guardian, Sir John Savage, of Clifton, near Runcorn, in Cheshire. . During his guardianship Sir John Savage was building a mansion in place of Clifton Hall, the home of his ancestors, This new mansion was later known as Rock Savage. After his marriage, the young Sir William took Rock Savage as his model for the new Brereton Hall. During the Civil Wars, the then Lord Brereton was loyal to the Crown but a rela- tive, Sir William Brereton, of Malpas, was a Parliamentarian. The latter became a commander of the Parliamentary forces and after relieving Nantwich he marched on _ Brereton where, according to tradition, he besieged his relative. At the end of three months, the besieging forces, still unsuccess- ful, brought a cannon from Stafford and a shot from this gun struck a beam supporting the Hall and this shook the building. The Lady Brereton became affrighted and at her entreaties the place surrendered. Carved in stone above the entrance-arch are the royal arms and below these are the Brereton Arms and the date 1586.

The cupolas were removed on account of weight. The stone flags on the roof were replaced by slates. Plateglass windows replaced the original diamond shaped windows and

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sham windows were inserted at the time of the window tax. The interior was re-modelled and lost many of its original features. There are, however, several rooms of architectural merit, or heraldric interest, notably Lord Brereton’s bedroom and dressing room, the kitchen, the large dining room and the Minstrels’ Gallery. The Brereton motto “Opitulante Deo”’ (God being my Helper) is conspicous. ’ I

I had originally intended to Bive: a. pedigree of the _ Breretons of Brereton Hall, but owing to the exigencies of space, I have been reluctantly compelled to abandon the idea.

(b) THE KINSHIP BETWEEN THE BEAUMONTS, THE TOWNELEYS AND THE BRERETONS.

As yet, I have not been able to find the precise relation- ship between Lady Beaumont, the widow of Sir Robert Beaumont, and either the. Towneleys of Towneley Hall or the Breretons of Brereton Hall.

Thcidentally, the so-called between the three families rests on a verse in the older Ballad (v. 33, p. 46) :—

“Brereton and Towneley, friends they were to her, and of her blood ;”

“The Discourse” (pp. 4-12) says:

“Sir John Bruerton and Sir John Towneley with diverse gentlemen. and: others well armed were coming out of Lancashire to reskue there kinsmen.”

Certainly, there is no clue to be obtained from Mr. H. K. Foer’s pedigree of the Towneleys nor from that of the Breretons to be found in Ormerod’s ‘‘History of Cheshire’’ (Vol. IIT pp. 87-88), of any kinship in the 14th century days between the families in question.

The only link, which, as yet, I have between the Beaumonts and the Towneley’s is that Richard Beaumont (1511-1573) married Katherine, the granddaughter of Sir John Towneley, of Towneley Hall. This marriage is shown in the pedigree. .at: the end, while: Mr. HH. K. Foer's. pedigree states ~ that Sir John Towneley had six daughters.

Now it is possible that the writer of the fret Ballad who lived in the days of Henry VIII (1509-1547) knew of the contemporary marriage of the above Richard Beaumont. and the grand-daughter of Sir John Towneley and imagined

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(or even knew?) that there had been a similar matrimonial alliance in the days of Edward III. or even earlier.

There is one circumstance which affords a reason to believe that a marriage between a Beaumont and a Neville had taken place in the days of Henry III, although, as yet, there is no definite evidence that the Beaumonts of Crosland Foss had kinship with the Towneleys and the Breretons.

Robert Glover, the Somerset Herald, visited “the of Hotherfeild” in 1584 and found an effigy of “an ould knight kneeling with these five coats of arms:

1. Gules, a lion rampant between six crescents argent (i.e., Beaumont) impalement broken.

2. Beaumont (as No. 1) impaling erect a saltier gules, for Neville.

3.5 Quarterly, 1.and 4 ac No. 1), No. 2 broken, No. 3 Sable, three lions rampant argent, for Talbot.

4. Beaumont (as No. 1) impaling Argent, two bars Sable, in chief a martlet for Quarmby.

5. Beaumont, impalement

‘(Quoted by Mr. G. W. Tomlinson, in the Huddersfield Parish Church Magazine for November, 1887). Mr. Tomlinson interpreted these Coats of Arms as:—

66

1. Wiliam de Beaumont, whose “ wife was named Eliza-

beth.”

2. Sir William de Beaumont “whose wife .... must have been a Neville (if-my theory is correct).”

3. The family shield of the Beaumonts the Talbot. family.

4. Sir Robert de Beaumont and Agnes de Quarmby his wife.

5 Sir John de Beaumont, son of the previous.

It is possible that Mr. Tomlinson’s surmise is correct and that (Sir) William de Beaumont living between 1233- 1240, the grandfather of Sir Robert Beaumont, married Elizabeth Neville, who may have been connected with the Towneleys of Towneley Hall, but even then the kinship between the Beaumonts of Crosland Foss and the Breretons of Brereton Hall has not been discovered.

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Sa i : VQQ I 1 ’ Nj S Se NN 3 KIDS| 7

MWELL BOTTOM WOODS.

THE CONSPIRATORS IN CRO

1350.

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It must also be stated that Thomas Beaumont (d. 1495) married Elizabeth, the daughter of Robert Neville (or. Nevile) on the 8th of August, 1456, but these Nevilles hailed from Liversedge.

* *K 3K

Further information concerning Brereton Hall and its owners can be obtained from:

(1) Ormerod’s “History of Cheshire, eM ens pp. 84-88.

(11), Story...qt Brereton Hall, abies ny, a, 1, Moir, M.A.,

(iii) “ The Breretons of Cheshire—1100-1904,” by Robert Maitland Brereton, M.LC.E., of Woodstock, Oregan, Ue.

(viii) CROMWELLBOTTOM HALL AND WOODS

The hamlet of Cromwellbottom hes in the valley of the Calder, north of the river, and in the southern portion of the township of Southowram. It is midway between Brighouse and Elland and three miles south-east of Halifax. The place name, as already stated, has no connection with Oliver Cromwell

(Vol. I., p. 50).

A family of the name of Cromwellbottom took their name from the locality, and the land in the vicinity passed ‘“‘to the Lacy family by sub-infeudation rather than by marriage as former historians have stated’’ (Mr. C. T. Clay, M.A.., F.S.A., Family of Lacy of Cromwellbottom,’ Society’ s Publications, Vol. 28, p. 470). This family of Lacy of Cromwellbottom owned the Hall and land in the neighbour- hood for nearly four centuries from the days of Henry III. to those of James I., when it was sold to the Gledhills of Barkis- land, who later sold it to the Hortons. It seems that about the year 1620, the existing Hall was rebuilt upon the site of its predecessor. At the moment, the property in the neighbour- hood of the demolished building belongs to a family named Harrison,

Cromwellbottom Hall became, in Stuart times, the residence of Captain John Hodgson, who fought for the Parliamentarians the Battle of Adwalton Moor, outside Bradford, 1643. Thomas Carlyle called him ‘‘an honest pudding-headed York- shire Puritan”(!) Capt. Hodgson became a Magistrate in the days of the Commonwealth, and during this period was fre- quently visited by the Rev, Oliver Heywood, the ejected

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minister of the Coley Parish Church; in the Hall, Heywood preached and kept a solemn day of fasting and prayer. Later, Captain Hodgson removed to Coley Hall. I

Cromwellbottom Hall was subsequently converted into several dwelling houses, ‘‘ cottages,’’ Mr. J. Horsfall Turner called them. In the October of 1914, the old homestead was demolished. We are fortunate in having a photograph of the old building taken by the late Mr. H. P. Kendall (Vol. II. p. 21). The slopes of the hill on the right-hand side of the road from Brighouse to Elland are still covered with trees, ‘‘through which a turnpike road has been cut,’’ but, says Mr. Turner, ‘the my still be followed vzd Lane Head, Brook- foot, Purlwell, where it leaves the new road and mounts the hill until Cromwellbottom is reached.’’

(ix) BROOKFOOT.

Brookfoot is a hamlet near to Brighouse, at the foot of the Red Beck, where it joins the Calder. The whole of this locality has now been incorporated in the Borough of Brighouse, but previously the hamlet proper lay in Southowram. Mr, J. H. Turner said that ‘‘from a‘very old waggon bridge that crosses the beck, the immediate part is called Wainbrig.”’

The line in the Holroyd-Turner transcript of the Ballad (v. 50, p. 47): :

Beneath Brookfoot a hill there is to Brighouse in the way,’’

should read ‘‘ Beyond Brookfoot ’’ to satisfy the topography.

(x) DANE HEAD:

Within recent years, Lane Head has become a populous suburb of Brighouse. At one time there were a few low-decked cottages in the vicinity. Mr. W. R. Crump, in his account of ‘‘Early Maps and Road Surveys of the Ancient Highways of Halifax,’’ said that Sir John de Eland the elder came to Lane Head out of Brighouse in order to turn down the lane to

“Rihana”

Lane End is mentioned in the earlier Ballad (v. 51, p. 47), while in the prose narrative ‘‘Revenge upon Revenge’’ (p. 27), the locality is referred to as Lane’s Head.

The late Mr. J. H. Turner discussed Sir John de Eland’s possible route from Brighouse to Elland in these words: ‘“ Sir John was accustomed to return from the Brighouse Court by the old road (now John King Lane) to Lane Head,

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via Elm Royd, lately known as Dick Hodgson’s lane to Brook: foot, Purlwell, and the old or upper road to Cromwellbottom, where the Lacy family lived. To our own days nearly all the hill slopes down to the river from Brighouse to Elland, save the marshy valley, have been well wooded, and in this wood the gang hid themselves.’

(‘‘ History of Brighouse, Rastrick and MHupperholme,’’ pp. 89, 90).

Since 1940, a considerable number of the trees on the wooded slopes has been been felled.

(xi) FURNESS FELLS.

According to Mr. J. H. Turner, ‘‘this was probably a vaguely defined district formerly. Though North Lancashire is surveyed under Yorkshire i in the Domesday Survey, Furness proper could not be given as in Yorkshire in the time of the Edwards. The fifty miles distance was much within the mark, even in reckoning old English miles.’’

(xii) BOTHAM HALL.

There have been at least four homesteads on or near the site of the present Botham Hall, situated in Botham Hall Road on its left-hand side coming from Longwood.

The third Botham Hall stands in the corner of the garden abutting Botham Hall Road, and was later divided into two cottages and part of the stables. On an old outside but now inside. the garage, is the date, presumably that of its erection, 1718. Below the date appear the initials I.H., which may refer to some member of the Haigh family who dwelt there for four centuries.

The reference to Botham Hall in the Ballad of the Elland Feud is in these words (p. 47, vv. 63-74) :—

‘* More gentleman yn was not there, In Eland parish dwelled, Save Savile half part of ye year His house at Rishworth held.

‘* He kept himself from such debate Removing thence withall, Twice in ye year by Savile gate Unto ye bothome Hall,”’

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BOTHAM HALL.

Photo by Miss Alison Shaw,

THE GARDENS AT BOTHAM HALL. Photo by Miss Alison Shaw.

eae

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It would thus seem that in 1340, Sir John de Savile IV. had two homesteads, Rishworth Hall for purposes of hunting, etc ,

in the summer time, and Botham Hall, which he had inherited

from his ancestor, Sir Henry de Savile, who had married for his first wife, the heiress of Golcar (p. 94).

The first Botham Hall stood in the Manor of Golcar and, curiously enough, the present Hall was situated likewise in that township until the year 1938, when it became incorporated in

the County Borough of Huddersfield.

After the acquisition of the Elland estates by the Saviles, the latter family left their ancestral homesteads at Golcar and

_ Botham Hall and resided at Thornhill in the later years of the I

14th century. Thus, Henry Savile, who married Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress of Simon Thornhill, is described as “of Elland and Thornhill’’ (‘‘The Savile Family, p. 5).

It would then seem that the Saviles let their homestead at Golcar to tenants, in particular, to the Haighs, who, as we have already stated, lived there for nearly four centuries. Several documents referring to these Haighs are extant, the first was printed by Hobkirk in his ‘‘History of Hudders- field’? (Second Edition, p. 126):—‘‘ Know all men by whom this charter may be seen or heard or read—William Bentelaye, Vicar of Huddersfield, and Thomas Wilkynson, of Eland Chapel—saluting you in the Lord. We have given, granted, and quit-claimed to John Haghe, of Botham Hall, all our right and interest in the estate and its hereditaments of a certain

_ piece of land belonging to and at Snokkeroyd (Snakeroyd),

etc.””

The witnesses to this document were William Bemond (Beaumont), William Longley, of Dalton, John Hirst, Thomas Haghe, of Skyre (Scarr), John Oalkson and others. ‘‘ Dated at Westwode (Low Westwood) on the 20th of April, in the 12th year in the reign of King Henry VI., and the pacification of England, Anno. 1434.’’

The second document is to be found amongst the private papers belonging to Capt. H. R. Beaumont, formerly of Whitley Hall. It evidently refers to the above John Haigh : —

‘* John Haghe, late of Huddersfield, now of Botham Hall, made an estate of all his lands in Staynland and Whernby to Sir Richard Staynton, Priest, Robert Beaumont, of Whitley, Thomas, son of Henry Beaumont, of Lascelles Hall; Adam, son of the said Henry; Thomas Lockwood, of Dudmanston: William Lockwood, of Lockwood, and Richard Horsfall, of Huddersfield. _ The said Feoffees of the said John Haghe shall make an Estate of all his lands to Thomas his son and

Margaret his wife, the daughter of Henry Beaumont, and if

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Thomas and Margaret die s.p. (= without heirs), remaynder to Jennett, Alys, Isabell, Agnes and Katherine, daughters of I thé said John. Dated 12th Aug., 2 Edw. IV., 1463.’’

The Haighs remained at Botham Hall till about the year 1720. In that year the Saviles leased the homestead, which had been re-built in the year 1718, to a member of the Shaw family, who have continued to live there till this day.

The tenants from 1763 to the year 1923 have been as follows :— a

Mr. Joseph Shaw ee Ge el a ee Mrs "Mure Shaw (widow) in. cs au fs ee Messrs. Thomas and Joseph Shaw Gis «(3 1793—1816 Mr, Thomas Shaw hg “ot a wee eee = 1817—1840 Mr. William Shaw we as os we vee Ss 1840-—1863 Mr, John Shaw ses ne ie ‘ve .» 1864—1894 Mr, G, W. Shaw iy, aT és beh

In 1864, the estate was leased to Mr John Shaw for 999 years. It was during the year 1863 that the present Botham Hall was built. In 1922 the leasehold was sold to Mr. G. W. Shaw by the Savile Estate.

(xiii) RISHWORTH.

This place is not mentioned in ‘‘The Discourse,’’ but is stated to be the abode of Savile for ‘‘half part of ye year’’ in the earlier Ballad (v. 63, p. 47). It is situated four miles from Halifax in the Ripponden Valley.

In Jacob’s ‘‘History of (1789), which was a pirated edition of Watson’s version printed in 1775, we read under the heading of Rishworth or Rushworth (p. 581):

‘“The most considerable place which we have read of in this division was Rishworth Hall, where lived a family of this name, of which no pedigree remains. Rishworth Hall is taken down, but a small building still retains the name.

dn his account of the Saviles, Mr J. W. Clay says that ‘the Rishworth property has always been held by that family, and the moors there still afford much sport of grouse to the present Lord’’ (‘‘The Savile Family,’’ Y.A.J., Vol. 25, p. 4)

_. Watson, in his ‘‘History of Halifax,’’ when speaking of Rishworth Hall, says:

‘‘ John Savile very prudently kept himself clear of the residing one half of the year (perhaps in the season for hunting, hawking, etc.) at Rishworth Hall, and removing from thence by Savile Gate to Botham Hall.

Page 45

I

nT Ta r

SIR JOHN DE ELAND the younger and his lady CROSSING THE STEPPING STONES AT ELLAND,

April roth, 1351. Sketch by Miss Irene Ogden,

Page 46

142

‘‘ This Savile gate or road was first made by this John I Savile (who married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of Henry de Rishworth). after he came to spend part of his time at Rishworth Hall. His way from Botham Hall to this place was by Outlane, where begins the Danes’ Road, stretching over the township of Stainland, enters that of Barkisland, crossing the brook near the present bridge. In this township at no great distance from the remain called Meg-dyke, Savile Gate branches out from Danes Road and points directly upon Rishworth Hall, going by Rishworth Mill. This road seems to have been made new only from the place where it left that attributed to the Danes, and by what observation I could make of it, was only laid out for travelling by horseback,”’

(xiv) ELLAND MILL.

Mr. Thomas Castle, in his annotations to the account of the Elland Feud (‘“Spen Valley Literary and Scientific Society’s Publications” Vol. I, No. 5, p. 65) wrote:

“The old corn mill which is mentioned in the Ballad was situated at the end of the weir furthest from the present bridge across the river at Elland. The wheel case is still to be seen beside the present mill; formerly the path (i.e., the stepping stones) from across the river passed the mill on its course into the town, but no remains of the old mill are weit’ !

(xv) THE AINLEYS.

As every traveller on a trolley-bus from Huddersfield to Elland and West Vale knows, this is the name of the dis- trict standing on the hillside south of Elland and was no doubt in former days well wooded, although no large tracts of woodland now remain.

Much of the area is now occupied by mills, brickworks and cottage property.

At one time the spelling of this word was Avenley. Thus, in a deed dated the 11th November, 1431, William de Thornhill (the Lord of the Manor of Fixby) granted to Thomas Smyth of Eland and his son, “a messuage by Aven- ley in the will of Fekesby’’ (Y.D. VI, p. 244),

Page 47

143 (xvi) WHITTLE LANE AND THE OLD EARTH GATE.

There are still places bearing the first two names to be found in the road from Elland to Rastrick.

The tablet “The Old Earth” is to be seen on the wall just opposite the present Old Earth Gate. Whitwell Green Road leads from the house to Elland.

Mr. W. R. Crump, M.A., in his account of “The Ancient Highways of the Parish of Halifax” (Halifax Antiquarian Society’s Proceedings, 1929 Volume , p. 93) gave an interesting account of the path taken by the conspirators as they fled from Elland to Ainley Wood. I

“Beaumont, Quarmby and Lockwood to avoid the town fled from the mill towards Whitwell Place, up the Long Dog Lane to Old Earth, and then struck up Whitwell Green to the Upper Edge.

“Crossing then, there was no lane forward, but they spied a private track through the wood and came to Ainley Wood. No doubt, the steep of the Ainley hillside was then well-wooded, but there is no mistaking the point they were making for. It was what the Ordnance Map still shows ‘Ainley Long Wood,’ just below the last curve of the modern road and approaches the cutting. From Ainley Wood, they struck the end of Ainley Lane and behind the lump of Ainley Top and that led them to Lindley Lane.”

From Lindley, they proceeded to South Lane, Haigh Cross (the predecessor of the one which is at the corner of Crosland Road and the Lindley—Rastrick Road before the year 1808), Milnsbridge, the only detour required being to Crosland Hall, so Mr. W. R. Crump suggested.

(xvi) (a2) EMLEY HALL AND PARK.

As already stated (Vol. I., p. 165), Emley Old Hall was demolished inthe middle of the 18th century and the present modern residence erected on the moated enclosure, which is about eighty yards square.

The deep trenches forming the moat are still in existence and were.capable of being wholly or partially filled with water. At the moment, only the north side is so filled, and with a horse chestnut overhanging the moat, this part of the modern homestead forms a very pretty picture in the summer time, particularly when the ducks are swimming in the water. It is

Page 48

THE CUTTING OF LOCKWOOD’S BOWSTRING IN EMLEY PARK. 1356.

144

Page 49

145

possible to walk in the dry part of the moat, which is usually filled with sticks and wild flowers.

Mr. W. S. Banks, in his ‘‘ Walks Around Wakefield,’’ says that “‘the boundaries of the Park are distinctly marked, the fence surrounding it being known as the Pale Bank. The extent of land covered by the Park is considerable, being at a rough measurement about 1? miles east to west and 1 mile from north to south; it is part of the Savile estates.

To refresh the reader’s memory, Emley Park was the scene of the death of William de Lockwood, according to the local tradition, while at ‘the Hall in 1356, there lived Sir John Fitzwilliam, who notified Robert Bosville that the slayer of Sir John de Eland the younger was at large in his grounds

(p. 101).

Iwo tables are annexed, the first is the pedigree of the Fitzwilliams of Emley Old Hall, who apparently lived there till the male line of that branch died out in 1516. They were succeeded by the Saviles of Thornhill and Tankersley, when Sir Henry Savile, High Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1537-1541, married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Sothill, who had married Margaret Fitzwilliam (Vol. II., p. 94), in all probability. It was this Sir Henry Savile who was the patron of the first Balladist.

The second table has been very kindly compiled for me © by Mr. C. A. E. Horton, Lord Savile’s Agent; it is a list of the tenants of Emley New Hall, from 1726 to 1933.

Page 50

146

THE MOAT AT EMLEY NEW HALL. Phote by Mr. Fred Lawton.

Page 51

147

(b) PEDIGREE OF THE FITZWILLIAMS OF EMLEY.

Sir William Fitzwilliam. = Eleanor, dau. and heir of Sir John Fr eer

Sir William Fitzwilliam I living 1117.

ey William Fitewilliam, d, 1148, Ella, dau. of William de Harl of Surrey. I

Sir William d. 1184. a Albreda, dau. of. Robert de Lizours,

Sir William Fitzwilliam. © ~ = Ella, dau of Hameline Plantagenet.

I Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam. = Agnes, dau. of Roger Bertram. I

I Sir William Fizwilliam. = Agnes, dau. of Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor.

Sir ‘William Fizwilliam.. ' pi Fi im of Edward, Lord D’Eyncourt.

Sir Fas Fitzwilliam, slain 1385. = Elizabeth ,dau. of William. Lord Clinton,

Sir William Fizwilliam. = ae dau. of Ralph, Lord Cromwell, of Tattershall.

ir File Fitzwilliam, d. 1418. gs == Eleanor, dau. of Sir Henry Green.

Joba d. oe cue a dau. of Sir. ‘Thomas am

I

; John Fitzwilliam

{ : ancestor of William d. Ast A i Ae The Hari

= Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas Chaworth. : : Fitzwilham. a I I

coe Sir William Fitwilliam, d. 1494. = Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Conyers, I i : is John Fitzwilliam, a 1489, Margaret = Thomas sothill. = Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Richard Fitewilliam.

I ‘. slizabeth Sothill. Sir William Fitzwilliam, d. Bent, 1516. (i) = Sir Henry Savile, = Margaret, dau. of Sir Robert Broughton ot Ihornnill and (end of the direct line). ‘ankersley (p. 94

(ii) Richard Gascoigne

/

Page 52

148

The Bridge over the Moat at Emley New Hall.

: CANNON HALL PARK.

Page 53

(¢)

EMLEY NEW HALL

Mr. Robert teers: 1726.

Mr. George Stringer for Wolfendens. 1787.

c I

I 1

Mr. Adam Wolfenden. 1759. (Included Old Hall). Mr. James Wolfenden. 1759.

I Mr. John Chapman. 1779.

Mr. Joseph Dyson. 1779. I

P I I I I

Mr. Robert Walker. 1796. Mr. Dyson. 1809. : { Mr. Joseph at 1809. Mr. Henry 1817. Mr. Henry Exors. 1841. Mr. Henry 1844. Mr. Joseph 1865.

I Mr. Henry Hammerton. 1876.

Messrs. J W. Hinchliffe. 1891.

(Old Hall and land added to Lady Oak Farm).

Messrs Joseph Arthur §. Hinhcliffe. 1911. a Mr. re Thomas Archer. 1919. Mr. Herbert D. Smith. 1929.

Mr. iri Booth. 19338.

I

Mr. Thomas Walker. 1891. (Land from Old Hall tenancy).

149

Page 54

150 THE LADY OAK.

This is the name of an old farmstead about two hundred yards away from Emley Old Hall.

It got its name from its juxaposition to the old oak tree, in the hollow of which William de Lockwood philandered with the lady who ultimately betrayed him to his captors. (‘‘The ip; 10).

The roots of the old tree remained in a field on Mr. Booth’s lands, which had not been ploughed for something like seventy years, but in 1939, due to the exigencies of the agricultural situation, the field was ploughed, and in that operation the old relics of the tragedy of 1356 disappeared,

In the Skelmanthorpe and District Almanac for the year 1893, there appeared a “‘poem’’ entitled ‘‘Skelmanthorpe and Its Vicinity,’’ written by Mr. T. Appleyard, in which the following lines referred to the Lady Oak: I

‘“‘ Near to this place is Lady Oak, From something strange its name it took. A lady lived there long ago, And to her wooing one did go; Accepted as her future spouse, He often saw her in her house; There was an oak both strong and high, Which flourished in a field near by. This fine oak tree (their trysting place), They with their presence oft did grace. Young, bold he was, and active too, With bow in hand he feared no foe. His foes to take him were intent, So to her ladyship they went, And offered her a bribe, if she cripple him beneath the tree. She took the bribe, oh, faithless heart ! To act a foul, deceitful part, She cut his bow strings, shame to tell, And down to their hands he fell. The oak might blush with very shame, But this is got its name.”’

(xviii) CANNON HALL.

Cannon Hall is situated about a mile north-west from the village of Cawthorne as one travels from Denby Dale to Barnsley by bus; its magnificent and imposing facade, fronting north and south, can be seen on the left hand side

Page 55

151

of the road. It is most pleasantly situated on a rise of ground and sheltered by trees of all sizes and ages, I There have been various renderings of the spelling of Cannon, viz., Camwell Cannel, Camel, Canon, Canun and. Cannon. The Rey. J. Hunter, in his “South Yorkshire” Vol. II, p. 231), says: “The first clear and undisputed existence of the word Cannon applied to lands at Cawthorne is in one of the Le Hunt deeds, in which a word called ‘ Cannon Greve ’ is mentioned. I

Various reasons have been given for this name of Cannon. Hunter suggested that it might be connected with Gilbert de Canun de Birthwaite in the early part of the 13th century, whose name is found in the earliest Cawthorne deeds among the evidences of the Bosville family.

Hunter further states that the estates of this Canun family, together with those of the Le Hunts, were brought by Thomas Bosville, of Ardsley, in the reign of Edward III, “the earliest purchase being in 1342, and 1382 there is a quit-claim from Richard de Cawthorne to Thomas Bosville, of Ardsley, of all right on messuages, etc., at Calthorn” (Cawthorne). Yorkshire;’’, Vol,:IT,,.p., 231).

It appears that no less than three (if not four) dwelling houses have stood on or near the site of the present Hall:

(i) Ailric, the owner of lands in the locality previous to 1066, is said to have had an abode though all traces of this homestead have disappeared. After the Norman Con- quest, Ailric was not dispossessed of his estates but held them under the overlordship of Ilbert de Lacy, Lord of the Honour of Pontefract. “As tenant of Ilbert de Lacy, Ailric would the great resident squire of the neighbour- hood, exercising his power and influence over it according to the manners and customs of the day.” (The REY. ch. die Pratt, M.A., “History of Cawthorne,” p. 5).

(11) Some sort of Hall must have been in existence at the time of William de Lockwood’s philandering with “his woman,’ either in the building or in its vicinity, for after 1382 ‘Cannon Hall seems to have become one of the seats of the Bosvilles, of Ardsley, or New Hall, in Darfield, being the chief branch of that numerous and opulent family.” (The Rev, C:T. Pratt, ‘“History of Cawthorne,’’ p. 26). In 1442 it was found by Inquisition that Jonn Bosville died seized of Cannon Hall in Cawthorne. This is the second time when the spelling Cannon occurs,

Page 56

152

For nearly two centuries, the homestead is shrouded in mystery and the first document relating to it is dated the 20th of September, 1515: “Lease of Canon Hall and all demesnes from Bosville, of Ardsley, for 24 years. Rent £5 6s. Od. by. Knight’s Service, Tenant, Oxley, to have wood for plowbool, hedgebool and fire bool.” (“Annals of a Country House,’ ‘by Mrs...A. M. W.:Stirling, Vol. I, p. 19).

It is not known when the Bosvilles (the same family as those seated at Gunthwaite) sold Cannon Hall. In 1650, the property was held by William Hewet, of Beccles, Norfolk, the son of Sir Edward Hewet, of St. Martin’s-in-the‘Fields, London. Hunter, in his account of the Bosvilles, of Gun- thwaite, said that a certain Henry Bosville had been ‘placed as an apprentice to Sir William Hewet, citizen and cloth- worker,’ of London, and that the former was “admitted to the freedom of his company in the first year of Elizabeth’s reign.’

William Hewet, on the 25th of November, 1650, sold Cannon Hall and some neighbouring estates to Robert Hartley for £2,900. Robert Hartley married Margaret, the daughter of John Clayton, Esq., of Oakenshaw, Recorder of Leeds. By this marriage, John Hartley had one daughter, Margaret, who married Joseph Watkinson, of Wakefield.

Robert Hartley died at the age of twenty-nine, shortly after his purchase of the Hall. In his will, he mentioned “one long table standing in the hall at Cannon Hall.” On March 1658, his widow, Margaret, re-married John _ Spencer, himself a widower. His first wife, Sarah Naylor, had -died on the 27th of October, 1657, leaving him with one son and three daughters. I

John Spencer I. is said: to have been the son of Rudolph (or Randolph) Spencer of Criggon, in Montgomeryshire, who was buried at Cawthorne in 1658. Hunter says that John Spencer was ‘‘a Gentleman much engaged in the mineral affairs of this district,” but tradition has related that he was so poor at the time of this marriage to Margaret Hartley that he had to support himself by making hay-rakes! In any case, he rented Cannon Hall from step-daughter, Margaret Hartley, now Margaret Watkinson, and a receipt dated the 14th of November, 1673, is to be found among the archives of Cannon Hall. Eventually, he bought the Hall and estates from her for £400 less than she originally demanded ! By his second wife, John Spencer I, had two daughters, Rebecca and Sara, the latter married Henry Hall. John

Page 57

153

Spencer died at Cannon Hall on the 19th of April, 1681, at the age of 52 and was succeeded by his son, John Spencer Il. a son by his first wife, Sarah Naylor.

Cannon Hall remained in the possession of the Spencers till the death of John Spencer III. on the 9th of November, 1775, when the male line of the Spencer family became extinct.

(111) The third (or perhaps, the fourth) Cannon Hall was enlarged and rebuilt by John Spencer III. He is said to have spent £30,000 on the house and park alone. His father, William Spencer, planned the present ornamental water pond and cascade in the Park. In 1765, John Spencer secured the services of John Carr, a well-known architect of his day, to enlarge the existing Cannon Hall. Carr had pre- viously built Harewood House for Mr. Edwin Lascelles, the ancestor of the Marquess of Harewood. Mrs, Stirling prints a lengthy letter from John Carr to Mr. Spencer in which the former apologises for “the chimnies smoking” and “the kitchen smelling!”

John Spencer accumulated a vast library of books which are still to be seen at Cannon Hall.

After John Spencer’s death in 1775, the male line of the Spencers became extinct, as already stated, and the estates at Cawthorne devolved upon the nephew, Walter Stanhope, the son of John Spencer’s sister, Ann, who had married Walter Stanhope, of Horsforth, for her second husband.

Walter Stanhope (b. Feb. 4th, 1749, d. April 4th, 1821) on inheriting his uncle’s estates “out of grateful regard for his memory "prefixed the name of Spencer to his own.’

For the biographies of the subsequent owners of Cannon Hall, I refer my readers to Canon Pratt’s “History of Cawthorne” (pp. 30-40), and to Mrs. A. M. W. Stirling’s “Annals of a Yorkshire House’ (Vol. II). As a matter of fact, I am considerably indebted to these two writers for the story of the mansion at Cawthorne. I

Page 58

(xix)

THE PEDIGREE OF THE BEAUMONTS OF CROSLAND HALL; WHITLEY HALL;

I

I Henry de Beaumont living te

I Richard Beaumont d. 1471—-72 = Cecilia Mirfield I Thomas Beaumont d. 1495 = Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Nevile

THE OAKS, DARTON; BRETTON HALL AND PICKERING.

William de Bellemonte, living 1206 (Lord of a Moiety of the Mamor of Huddersfield)

William de Beaumont or (de Bellomonte), living 1233-1240 = Elizabeth

I I Sir William de as (or de Bellomonte)

I (i) dau. and heiress of Richard de Fossato

(ii) Alice de

i

= Agnes de Quarmby. I I

Sir Robert Beaumont murdered 1341.

I Sir John de Beaumont = Margaret.

I Henry de Beaumont de Crosland = Johanna.

d. circa 13896.

I I I John Beaumont Roger Beaumont, of Crosland Foss teas: 1391

hanna, dau. of John —

of Lascelles Hall Lascelles

John Beaumont = Elizabeth Cook Lawrence Beaumont of Lascelles Hall living 1495 living 1484

Henry Beaumont = I I

Page 59

I

Richard Beaumont {2nd son) d. 1534 = (i) Johanna Sandford (ii) Elizabeth Harrington (ili) Margaret Wyvill I Roger Beaumont d. 1525 ree Pilkington Richard Beaumont %. 1613 d. 1578 = (i) Katherine Neville ae sis Nettleton

! I

Edward Beaumont d. 1575 = oe Ramsden Sir Richard Beaumont (Black 1574—1631

I

l

Sir Thomas Beaumont = of Whitley, bp. 26th Jan., 1605 d. 31st May, 1668 I I I I

Richard Beaumont = of Lascelles Hall (8rd _ son) : b. 17th April, 1638 bur. 3rd Jan., 1706

Richard as = of Whitley I (2nd son) b. 8th Oct., 1670 d. 14th Nov., 1723

I f

Richard Beaumont = of Whitley (4th son) b. 24th Jan., 1719 d. 10th Sept., 1764

(i) Judith, dau. of Thomas Ramsden = (ii) Elizabeth, dau. of d. William Holt b. 19th Nov., 1728 m. 3lst Jan., 1747

I John Beaumont = Alice, dau. of of Lascelles Hall I John Soothill d. 1541—2

Thomas Beaumont of Lascelles Hall bur. July 80, 1561

(i) Agnes, dau. of Richard Langley = (ii) Johanna, dau. of William Turton.

Richard Beaumont Katherine, dau. of bur. 4 April, 1570. I John Gascoigne

\ Rosamund Beaumont = Beaumont of Thornes, Lepton, b. 1546 Dick) I d. before 9 April, 1621

I

I Richard Beaumont = of Lascelles Hall b. 15th Jan., 1570 bur. 14th May, 1656=

(i) Anne, dau. of Robert Kaye. m. ist Feb., 1602 bur. 23rd May, 1616 (ii) Elizabeth, dau. of Michael Wentworth

!

(i) Elizabeth, dau. of

Gregory Armitage m. 6th Sept., 1626

= (ii) Mary, dau. of

George Burdett m. 18th Aug., 1656 d. 8th Nov., 1683

Anne, dau. of Thomas Ramsden m. 21st May, 1666 bur. 30th Nov., 1713

Susannah, dau. of Thomas Horton, of Barkisland m., 14th Oct.,1700 d. 19th Jan., 1730

I

Frances Beaumont = bap. 6th July, 1704 14th April, 1735

I

che Beaumont d, 1521 = Alice

I

Humphrey Beaumont {2nd son) d. 1568 = Isabella

Thomas Beaumont (2nd son) d. 1615

George Beaumont (5th son) bur. 29th April, 1664 = Sarah

William Beaumont (8rd _ son) bp. 5th Sept., 1688; bur. 18th Dec., 1718 = Jane, dau. of William Milner :

George Beaumont m. 20th Dec., 1688 bur. 12th June, 1712 = Gertrude, dau. of John Bagshaw

George Beaumont, of The Oaks, Darton, bp. 24th Aug., 1696. m. 28rd April, 1723. d. 27th Jan., 17387.

Page 60

erie {Se eee ATV US sv UV

I I

i I Edward Beaumont d. 1575 Rosamund Beaumont William Beaumont = oe Ramsden Sir Richard Beaumont (Black Dick) 1574—1631

I

b. 1546

——

Richard Beaumont = (i) Anne, dau. of Robert Kaye.

of Lascelles Hall m. ist Feb., 1602 b. 15th Jan., 1570 bur. 23rd May, 1616 bur. 14th May, 1656=| (ii) Elizabeth, dau. of ; Michael Wentworth 1 Sir Thomas Beaumont = (i) Elizabeth, dau. of of Whitley, bp. 26th Jan., Gregory Armitage 1605 m. 6th Sept., 1626 d. 31st May, 1668 = (11) Mary, dau. of I George Burdett m. 18th Aug., 1656 d. 8th Nov., 1683 Richard Beaumont = Anne, dau. of of Lascelles Hall Thomas Ramsden (3rd son) : m. 21st May, 1666 b. 17th April, 1688 bur. 30th Nov., 1713 bur. 3rd Jan., 1706

Richard eee = Susannah, dau. of of Whitley I Thomas Horton, of (2nd son) Barkisland b. 8th Oct., 1670 m., 14th Oct.,1700 d. 14th Nov., 1723 d. 19th Jan., 1730

I f

I

Richard Beaumont = (i) Judith, dau. of

of Thornes, Lepton, d. before 9 April, 1621

I

George Beaumont (5th son) bur. 29th April, 1664 = Sarah

William Beaumont (8rd _ son) bp. 5th Sept., 1638; bur. 18th Dec., 1718 = Jane, dau. of William Milner

George Beaumont m. 20th Dec., 1688 bur. 12th June, 1712 = Gertrude, dau. of John Bagshaw

I

Frances Beaumont = George Beaumont,

of Whitley Thomas Ramsden bap. 6th July, 1704 of The Oaks, Darton, (4th son) = (ii) Elizabeth, dau. of d. 14th April, 1785 bp. 24th Aug., 1696.

b. 24th Jan., 1719 William Holt d. 10th Sept., 1764 b. 19th Nov., 1728 m. 3lst Jan., 1747

{ mag I ae Richard Henry Beaumont, John Beaumont, — Mi tea ie 20th Aug,, 1752. The Antiquary of Whitley. d. Jan. 13th, 1820. 1748 — 1810. = Sarah, dau. of — Humphrey Butler,

Charles Richard Beaumont, LL.D. b. 22nd May, 1777; d. 18th Mar., 1813.

= Martha, dau. of Stephen Hemstead, M.D.

I

m. 28rd April, 1723. d. 27th Jan., 1737.

Thomas Beaumont = Anne, dau. of b. 18th Feb., 1723. Edward Ayscough. d. 6th Feb., 1785. d. 14th Dec., 1778.

I

I I

Col. Thomas Richard Beaumont, M.P., of Bretton Hall. b. 29th April, 1758; d. 31st July, 1829. = Diana, dau. of Sir Thomas Wentworth Blackett.

Page 61

Richard Henry Beaumont, b. 5th Aug., 1805.

m.

d.

=

5th Dec., 1831.

1857, Catherine, dau. of Timothy Wiggin, U.S.A.

he LAU Bs

ee a ge

f

Thomas Wentworth Beaumont.

Henry Frederick Beaumont, M.P.

(adopted son),

I b. 5t

h Nov., 1792.

m. 22nd Nov., 1827. d. 20th Dec., 1848.

- — =

Henrietta, dau. of Joehn—Atki

)

Henry Ralph Beaumont, b. 8rd Feb., 1807 (5th son). d. 21st June, 1838. = Katherine, dau. of Sir George Cayley.

{i) Wentworth Hubert Charles (ii) Richard Blackett (iiii) Edward Nicholas Canning {iv) Matthew Henrv ‘v) Ela Hilda Aline (vi) George Andrew

Wentworth Blackett Beaumont, M.P. 1st Baron ‘Allendale. (1829 — 1907).

Wentworth Canning Blackett.

Beaumont. Viscount Allendale.

2nd Baron and list (1860 — 1928).

Wentworth Henry Canning Beaumont, 8rd Baron and 2nd Viscount Allendale b. 6th Aug., 1890.

ra 2

Oth July, 1921.

I

Henry Frederick Beaumont, of Whitley. (adopted son of Richard Henry Beaumont). b. 10th March, 1833. m. Ist Sept., 1857. d. 6th Oct., 1913. = Maria Johanna, dau. of Capt. William —— R.N

I

I

Capt. Henry Ralph Beaumont, b. 17th Dec., 1865. m. 29th Dec., 1904. Mary Helen, dau. of Sir James Gibson-Craig.

= Violet Lucy Emily, dau. of Sir C. H. Seeley. I

I

I

I Dulcie Helen.

I Diana May enham.

I I

! Desmond James Beaumont Gilbart-Denham.

Brian John Gilbart-Denham.

Seymour Vivian Gilbart-Denham

I

Vaudeleur Gilbart— Evelyn Catherine Bridget

= Joseph Henry Goodhart.

I

I I Diana Bridget

Joseph Henry Goodhart

Goodhart.

Page 62

(xx) PEDIGREE OF THE TOWNELEYS, OF TOWNELEY HALL, BURNLEY

(Compiled by Mr. H. K. Foers, Assistant Solicitor to the Burnley Corporation).

Cecelia = Richard de Towneley Gilbert de la Ley. who when a widow I held lands at Towneley I gave lands to her I about 1235. son-in-law John

I I 2 I Peter Alicia, == Robert Agnes, = John Cecelia, predeceased heiress of Hopkinson heiress ' Hargreaves heiress of

I his parents. first one- of second I the third one- I

—_—

John de la Leigh he was alive in 134v.

third of one-third I third of Towneley Towneley’s Towneley I lands; died before lands, — lands. I her husband and he I succeeded to her

I I 1 1 I William Hargreaves Gilbert de la Leigh Richard de Towneley = Elena baer de la Leigh who gave to his Cousin Richard alive in 1382. (the first de la Leigh to sometimes used the all the lands he inherited from change his name). He name Towneley. his parents and his Aunt Alicia appears to have inherited (two one-thirds of Towneley). (by escheat?) his brother Gilbert’s one-third of Towneley Lands and thus got all the Towneley’s land into one ownership again.

{ ; aoe I I Isabella = John de Towneley 2 Sons born about 1350, 1 died 1399.

i {

Alice = Richard de Towneley I born 1887,

one daughter.

— I

Page 63

isapella

Joanna =

1 I

Isabella

Grace living

Dk aie ce

Frances on I married 15386. Knighted

I

I I 8 sons died : in infancy.

Richard Towneley

Richard Towneley

Mary born 1541 dispensation for her marriage

born 14f5, died about 1472.

rn it ees

I Sir Richard Towneley. Knighted August, 1482, d. Sept. 1482.

3 t

4 sons 1 daughter.

born 1473.

in 1555.

Left all his Estate by Will to his granddaughter Mary.

Richard Beaumont

Katherine = Richard

I I

1 son

5 daughters I

Helen = Robert

2 daughters

}

1 eon. 2 daughters.

l Charles = Elizabeth Towneley

Nevile

Beaumont (1511-1578)

I \ = John Towneley (married his cousin’s daughter Mary). died 1607 or 8.

in 1556 because she married her father’s cousin.

Jane

I I I 2 sons Richard died in born 1598 infancy. died 1635

° averan

born 1600. . Killed at thes ae

=e:

6 sons born 1566, 7 daughters. died 1628.

I Five other children.

Page 64

Grace

Frances —

I

8 sons died

in infancy.

I born 1473. I

Richard Towneley living in 1555. Left all his Estate by Will to his granddaughter Mary

Dk aie ce

Hichard Towneley married 1536. ~ Knighted died 1554.

I I . Mary born 1541 dispensation for her marriage in 1556 because she married her father’s cousin.

Susi) I

Jane Richard

born 1566,

I

5 daughters I

: Richard Beaumont

Katherine = Richard

I I

1 son

2 daughters

2 daughters.

l Charles = Elizabeth Towneley

Helen = Robert Nevile

Beaumont (1511-1578)

I \ = John Towneley (married his cousin’s daughter Mary). died 1607 or 8.

So ee

6 sons 7 daughters.

died 1628.

I 2 sons Richard died in born 1598 infancy. died 1635 unmarried.

I

Mary ? =Richard I born 1629 died

I I

I I Charles = Mary born 1600. . + Killed at Battle of Marston

Moor 1644,

1706-7.

I Five other children.

3 daughters 3 sons

Page 65

I

2 sons died young.

Charles died in infancy.

I Charles

born 1737 died 1805 unmarried. (The collector of the Towneley Marbles).

Mary = Richard

succeeded.

I } Charles = Ureula 4 sons Townelev I born 1658 I

I 4 sons 6 daughters

died 1785

=

I

William 4 sons born 1714 died 1741-2

= Cecilia

died in infancy.

I —— I Ralph died ? Baward one Does not born 1740 appear to have married, no heir, Married, died 1807

no heirs,

6

John = Barbara born 1731 1 ! Peregrine Edward Towneley, J.P. Poe and F.S.A. Born 1[762, died 1864.

I

{ i { { I

\ 1 one

daughter

Charlotte Theresa Drummond.

I three

daughters

Charles Towneley sn: 2: Born 1808, died 1876.

Lady Caroline Harriet Molyneux.

ed

Alice Me ary married Baron O’Hagan.

1 I I

Caroline Emily

Each inherited by partition one undivided third share of one half of the Towneley Estate, and the share of Baroness O’Hagan included Towneley Hall itself and surrounding land, of which she sold to Burnley Corporation the Hall and 21 acres of land round it.

{

I John

born 1806 died 1878 leaving no male heir surviving.

= Lucy Ellen Tichborne. I

two daughters.

Henry Towneley, unmarried. the last male heir of the Towneleys. died 1877.

Theresa Harriet

Lucy Evelyn

I I I

I I I Mary Mabe.

Elizabeth Anne

Each inherited by partition an eqeal

undivided fourth of Towneley Estates

share of one half but not the

Towneley Hall Estate.


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