Holy Trinity, Huddersfield: Three Lectures on the History of the Church and Parish, 1819-1904 (1913) by Rev. A.S. Weatherhead

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History of the Church

and Parish,

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1.—During the latter half of the 18th Century Huddersfield was powerfully influenced by two great movements, the Industrial Revolution and the Evangelical Revival of Religion. In 1764 the spinning-jenny was invented by the weaver Hargreaves; in 1768 the spinning-machine by the barber Arkwright ; in 1776 the mule by the weaver Crompton. And the value of coal ‘‘ as a means of producing mechanical force was revealed in the discovery by which Watt in 1765 trans- formed the steam engine from a mere toy into the most wonderful instrument which human industry has ever had at its command.” (J. R. Green’s Short History of the English People.) Obviously the effects in this district of these inventions were immense. Troublous times had to be passed through. The introduction of the new machinery was often met by violence on the part of the workers. The conflict with Napoleon was ruinous to trade. The employment of children in the factories was inhuman, and took some years toabolish. But from that time began the growth of Hudders- field in population and in wealth. In 1760 the Gazetteer still ranked it with the villages: though the parish included a large country district and several outlying hamlets (stretching out to Golcar and Deanhead), the population was only 4,000, In 1816 the population of the township was 10,500, and the rest of the parish about 7,000. The population of the parish had therefore quadrupled in about 50 years. The Evangelical Revival of Religion may be said to have begun in 1739 when Whitefield and Wesley began their open- air preaching. To understand the work of the great Revival, we need to realise the state of the country and the Church just before it—‘‘a people coarse, brutal, ignorant, and a Church that had largely forgotten its mission, unspiritual, discredited, useless.” That is an outline. I have not space here to fill in the details and make the picture live. Evangeli- calism established itself in the North comparatively early.

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Three names I will mention as affecting this history—Henry Venn, William Wilberforce, and Charles Simeon.

In 1759 Henry Venn became Vicar of Huddersfield. As we have seen, his parish was extensive, and “ much of his time was spent on horseback, hunting out obscure parishioners in lonely farms and cottages. He drew enormous congrega- tions, so that often the Church could not hold the people, and the sermon had to be preached in the open air. He took care to make the services real. He would begin with a short exhortation reminding the careless that they were standing in the presence of God: a few words of explanation accompanied the Psalms and Lessons: and when the time for the sermon came, he had the gift of moving large numbers to repentance and tears. But his best work was done outside his pulpit. His common-sense was sensible and sanctified in the highest degree, and shepherds and weavers, saints and sinners flocked to his study for advice. But behind all the good advice that he gave about farms or quarrels or marriages, there was always the deep desire to win the soul for God.” After eleven years the work broke him down. A hacking cough and spitting of blood made it impossible to preach, and in 1771 he left Huddersfield for a little agricultural parish. He was unfortunately succeeded by a Vicar of a different stamp, and the result was a secession and the founding of Highfield Chapel. Elsewhere in the West Riding Evangelicalism was strong. John Crosse, the blind Vicar of Bradford, was drawing such congregations that the great Church could not hold them, though gallery after gallery was added. At Leeds, Miles Atkinson’s influence was supreme, and William Hey, the famous surgeon, was his great supporter. Slaithwaite, in the Parish of Huddersfield, had a steady succession of Evangelical Clergy. First ‘‘ Boanerges ” Furly, whom Venn had chosen for the living, then Matthew Powley, and then Thomas Wilson, for whom a new Church had to be built, and afterwards enlarged, and yet it could not hold the people who flocked to hear him. ‘ They stood, like corn in a cornfield,

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sometimes double rows in a seat: there was no dissent in that Dr. Henry Coulthurst, as Vicar of Halifax, had all the twelve chapels-of-ease in the parish in his own patronage. Altogether, by the time that the end of the century had been reached, the Evangelicals were far stronger in Yorkshire than in any other part of the country.

We pass from Huddersfield to Clapham, then a village separated from London by three miles of pleasant meadows. Here from 1792 to 1813, John Venn, a son of Venn of Huddersfield, was Rector, no genius, but a solid, sensible, persevering man, who, after the usual preliminary struggle, and mass meetings of his opponents at the Plough Inn, had succeeded in organizing his parish on vigorous Evangelical lines, including two things then regarded as amazing novelties— a Sunday Evening Service and a system of district-visiting. Venn preached every Sunday to what was, perhaps, the most notable congregation in all England. Various causes had brought to the village of Clapham a remarkable group of lay- men, devoted to the Church, fervent in prayer, drawing the whole inspiration of their lives from a diligent study of the Bible, at the same time men whose brains and brilliancy could not be denied even by those who sneered at their religion. The best known of these notable men was William Wilberforce, M.P., ‘ the light-hearted Member for Yorkshire,” whom Pitt and Burke declared to be the greatest orator of the age. They were rich and prosperous men, living in large houses, well- clothed, well-fed, driving well-groomed horses, and the outside world was apt to scoff at all this ease in Zion. “In Egypt itself,” sneered Thackeray, ‘‘there were not more savoury fleshpots than at

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temptation to self-indulgence was rigidly held in check. Like all Evangelicals in those days, they were very early risers, for they realized intensely the value of time. Every hour was marked out beforehand: some of Wilberforce’s time-tables were discovered after his death—so many hours for prayer, so many for study, so many for business, so many for rest, and a column at the end in which to enter all the time that had been squandered. They made a point of setting apart three hours a day for prayer—from five to six in the morning, from twelve to one at noon, and from five to six in the evening. Above all, they regarded their wealth as not their own, but God’s : a business man’s ledger is always the best commentary on his religion. But the finest work which this

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far ahead of his competitors that the examiners had added the word “ Incomparabilis ” to his name, and in his new post he showed that he was not afraid of difficulties. The College was in very low water. Milner, a keen Evangelical, deter- mined to make his College a sort of School of the Prophets, the stronghold of Evangelicalism in Cambridge, and he succeeded. The College prospered, and before long, instead of being one of the smallest, Queen’s became one of the largest in the whole University. Milner’s work was supple- mented by that of Charles Simeon. One gathered the men together, the other trained them. Simeon was Fellow of King’s College. He was ordained, and in 1783 was appointed Minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge, near the Market Place. Here he learnt what it meant to be known as an Evangelical. The seat-holders deserted the Church ina body, and locked the great doors of the pews, so that no one else should use them. When Simeon placed forms in the aisles, the churchwardens threw them out into the churchyard, and for more than ten years his congregation had to stand for the whole service in the aisles. Rowdy bands of undergraduates used to try to break up the service.

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In several cases where new Churches have been built and endowed and separated from their Mother Churches by Evangelicals, the patronage has been vested in Simeon’s Trustees. There are many mistaken notions in people’s minds with regard to Simeon’s Trust. They imagine that before the Trustees appoint a man, they demand some declaration of faith in certain doctrines, or promises with regard to customs or ritual. There is nothing of the kind. I wrote to the present Secretary of the Trustees, mentioning the existence of these notions, and asked him if I could see a copy of Simeon’s Trust, and whether it contained any terms or conditions governing the appointment to livings, and I received the following reply :— “ There is no Tvust Deed which contains any terms beyond the placing of certain livings at the time of Mr. Simeon’s death in a Trust—and providing for the filling up of vacancies in the Trust—a purely business matter. The only kind of Trust Deed or direction to the Trustees is contained in Mr. Simeon’s ‘‘ Solemn Charge,” a copy of which I enclose. You will see there are no doctrinal or ritual terms whatever. I know some people think there are. Someone wrote to me the other day to say that he had always understood that Simeon’s Trust Churches were obliged by the Trust Deed to have Evening Communion. Mr. Simeon’s Trust is dated 1833. Evening Communion came in about

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three months of a vacancy occurring, that they elect no one who is not a truly pious and devoted man, a man of God in deed and in truth, who, with his piety, combines a solid judgment and a perfectly independent mind. And I place this first, because a failure in this one particular would utterly defeat, and that in perpetuity too, all that I have sought to do for God and for immortal souls.

2nd, That, when they shall be called upon to appoint to a living, they consult nothing but the welfare of the people for whom they are to provide, and whose eternal interests have been confided to them. They must on no account be influenced by any solicitation of the great and powerful, or by any partiality towards a particular individual, or by com- passion towards anyone on account of the largeness of his family or the smallness of his income. They must be particularly on their guard against petitions from the parishes to be provided for, whether in behalf of a Curate that has laboured among them, or of any other individual. They must examine carefully, and judge as before God, how far any person possesses the qualifications suited to the particular Parish, and by that consideration alone must they be deter- mined in their appointment of him.

Signed by me this 18th day of March in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and thirty-three.


Such was Charles Simeon, and such is his Trust. (As the Trustees are human they doubtless make mistakes, but I believe they have honestly sought to remember this charge.) In the course of our history we shall see how the Patronage of this Living came in 1880 into the hands of the Simeon’s Trustees.

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13 friends. Let us now

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+4 the residence of Joseph Haigh, a cousin of Benjamin Haigh. He was a successful man of business, and amassed a very large fortune. His sister became the second wife of Thomas Allen, that is, stepmother to the Founder. She died in 1841, at the great age of 87, and is buried in Trinity Churchyard. From the Rev. C. Hole’s “ Early History of the C.M.S.” I have obtained two most interesting glimpses of Mr. B. H. Allen in the years 1813 and 1814. The C.M.S. was founded in 179y, and made slow progress for the first few years. In 1813, however, it took to sending well-known clergy as deputations to make tours of various parts of the country, preaching and holding meetings with a view to forming Associations. Twenty-three towns in different parts were selected as likely places for establishing such Associations, because there were known friends there—and Huddersfield had the honour of being one of these 23. Doubtless the remembrance of Henry Venn was one reason. Then there was a Mr. Thomas Atkinson, of Huddersfield, who was one of the first members of the Society; and the Curate of Hudders- field Parish Church was an enthusiastic supporter, doing his best to bring the Vicar into some activity on its behalf. The result was that on September 16th, 1813, a C.M. Association for Huddersfield was formed—and among the small Committee for the first year of its existence we find the names Mr. John Whitacre and Mr. B. Haigh Allen who at that time could not have been more than 21 years of age, possibly only 20. In the following year, 1814, the Society sent another well-known clergyman on tour in Yorkshire. His name was Legh Richmond, He had written a small book or tract, called

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gives the name by which the child is to be called. First there comes

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is private property. The consequence is that the body of Dissenters and Methodists is great, and there seems no probability of a new Church or Chapel being

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of Dewsbury, on the recommendation of Henry Venn. He was Curate for nine years—active and energetic, and always ready to promote every good cause. So far as he knew, he had the first Sunday School in the North of England. Here is an account he gave of the state of religion in the locality: only was the Sabbath profaned and the duties of religion entirely neglected, but the most. brutal vices of drunkenness, dog fighting, cock fighting, and bull baiting were carried on toa most disgraceful extent.’’ Against these he fought with courage.

He resigned his Curacy and established a School, moving in 1795 to Healds Hall, Liversedge. In 1810 he lost his wife and, having no child, he set himself in earnest to consider how he should provide for the township in which he resided the benefits of the ministry of the Church of England. He purchased some land, and having procured by December, 18:2, an Act of Parliament—an expensive preliminary —he built St. Mary’s, Liversedge, out of his own pocket. The Church was consecrated August 29th, 1816, a few weeks before the first stone of Trinity Church was laid. Mr. Roberson kept an accurate account of all his expenses in building the Church, and was able to state that it cost £7,474 11s. 108d. This came, not out of the income of a rich man, but was the entire savings of his own many years of hard toil. In a private letter to a friend he wrote: ‘‘ From the best judgment I can form I am still solvent : more I have no ambition to be. To pay my debts is my highest worldly ambition. There will be a shilling left for the sexton to level up my grave. And there is Liversedge Church. No other style of building at all respectable could be built for the same money: that is my opinion. However, I fall down on my face and say the ‘General

The Rev. Hammond Roberson died in 1841, aged 84. Heris said to have been the original of the Rev. Matthewson Helstone in Charlotte Bronté’s

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19 This has been something of a digression—but whether Benjamin Haigh Allen was at school at Healds Hall or not— whether it was his schoolmaster who inspired him to build a Church or not—there can be no doubt that he liked the plan for Liversedge Church, and secured the same Architect for Trinity Church, and gave him instructions to build on very similar lines. The name of the Architect was Mr. T. Taylor. The builder was Mr. Joe Kaye, who in 1848 built Huddersfield Station. He did his work well.

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To return to the year 1816. At that time the Vicar of Huddersfield was the Rev. John Coates, M.A., who had been Curate from 1784 to 1791, and was Vicar from 1791 to 1823. He was in thorough sympathy with Mr. B. H. Allen’s pro- posal, and put no impediment in his way. A Private Act of Parliament was obtained, entitled “An Act for Building a Church or Chapel of Ease in the Parish of Huddersfield, in the West Riding of the County of York (58 Geo. III.,

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townships, Slaithwaite and Golcar in Huddersfield, and Lingards and Linthwaite in Almondbury. The Church at Longwood was originally a private Chapel of the family at Milnsbridge House, and was consecrated for parts of Linth- waite and Golcar, as well as its own Township of Quarmby. It was rebuilt about 1750, and again in the last century. The Preamble of the Act declares, therefore, that it would be “of great benefit and utility to the inhabitants...

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the Parish Church of Huddersfield, it is enacted ‘‘ that it shall not be lawful for the Vicar for the time being of the Parish Church of

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23 valuation shall at all times hereafter be referred to and abided by, in any rate to be made in pursuance of this Act.” Mr. Allen was empowered to sell not more than one-fifth part of the burial ground for vaults or places of interment for the dead, the prices to be regulated by the Archbishop of York. The remainder of the burial ground was to be con- sidered as the burial ground for the inhabitants of Huddersfield, Marsh, Lindley and Fartown. The Minister was authorized to appoint to the office of church or chapel warden one who must be a proprietor of one or more pew or pews in the Church, also to appoint proper persons to the offices of questman, or sidesman, clerk and sexton, and of organist, and to such other offices and places as he shall think proper, and to appoint others in their stead. The Churchwarden is authorized to make a rate upon the proprietors and renters of pews or seats, and he is required “by and out of the monies arising by such rates, to find and provide bread and wine for the Holy Communion, and books and surplices for the minister, and to keep the windows whole and in good repair, and also the inside of the Church at all times in a clean, neat and decent state, suitable for the solemn celebration of divine worship therein.” Further, Mr. Allen was to invest in 3% Consols the sum of £200 sterling as a fund for substantial repairs. The sum was to be left to accumulate till it reached the value of at least £400 sterling. Then at any time it could be drawn upon for

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A copy of a pamphlet is preserved in the vestry safe, on the third page of which is the following statement, to our ears somewhat quaint—‘ On Thursday, the 19th day of December, 1816, the First Stone of a Church, intended to be built by Benjamin Haigh Allen, Esq., and to be dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was laid by the Rev. John Coates, M.A., Vicar of Huddersfield, who delivered the following address on the occasion to an attentive audience, consisting of a numerous and respectable assemblage of Clergymen, Gentlemen, Ladies and others.” The address is in the stilted style which was prevalent about that time, but is clearly from the heart of a true man oi God. He referred to ‘the long, expensive and bloody

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25 places in England. This was supplemented by a further sum of £500,000 in the year 1824. The money did not come out of the taxes, but was the surplus of a war indemnity paid to the British Government by Austria after the Battle of Waterloo. This is the only occasion ou which the State gave money for the building of Churches. These grants called forth public subscriptions amounting to £181,000 more. This district had a considerable share of this money, and about 1830 the following Churches were built :—St. Paul’s, Lindley, Paddock, Lockwood, Golcar, Netherthong, South Crosland, and Linthwaite. To return to Mr. Coates’ address. He asked: Can we see population increasing and manufactures flourishing, and be insensible to the spiritual wants of those who, by their industry, contribute to the wealth of the neighbourhood? Let us, at least, have regard to the public security, which must be best promoted by the support of national religion, and the laws of the land. Where these are held in contempt, what can we expect but public disorders and devastations?” Clearly he was here referring to the labour troubles and disorders of the time, which gathered round the introduction of new machinery. It was in 1812 that William Horsfall, a manu- facturer, was shot and killed by the Luddites. “ After this address, the hundredth Psalm was sung with great animation.” I have no doubt that means the hundredth Psalm in Tate and Brady’s metrical version of the Psalms. The Psalm was followed by some prayers. And so the first stone was laid. The Church took nearly three years to com- plete, being consecrated on October roth, 1819, Let us consider the building and Mr. Allen’s undertaking in the matter. I have already mentioned a Bible preserved in the Vestry, presented by the Founder in 1814 to the Rev. H. J. Maddock, who in 1820 became the first Incumbent of the Church. On one of the fly-leaves of that Bible is pasted a small piece of paper, on which is drawn a rough ground plan of the Church, and these words are written:

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Huddeisfield. Steeple 15 feet square—Nave 75 feet long, 60: feet broad—Chancel 29 feet long, 27 feet broad. Nave 950

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27 The Church was consecrated on Sunday, October roth, 1819, by the Archbishop of York. I have seen a letter from Mrs. Allen written just before, in which she looks forward to the coming of the Archbishop, and says they have invited 31 guests to meet him at dinner the evening before.

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Henry John Maddock, 1820-1825.

Benjamin Maddock,

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30 Bank now stands there was a house called

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31 distributed. Here are numbers of the inhabitants in the Town at each ten years’ Census from 1801 to 1861—excluding Lindley, Longwood, Golcar, Scammonden, Slaithwaite, and Marsden :—

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32 Lecture.” Mr, Maddock in 1805 was only 24 years of age. This offer is an indication that at that early age he was con- sidered an able and attractive preacher of the Gospel. The Rev. Thomas Robinson was an evangelical clergy- man, who, after being afternoon Lecturer at All Saints’, Leicester, 1773-8, became Lecturer and then Vicar of St. Mary’s, Leicester, where he exercised an immense influence for good, dying in 1813 after 35 years’ Vicariate. Mr. Maddock did not accept the Lectureship, but took the Curacies of Enderby and Whetstone, two populous manufacturing villages near Leicester. Here he married and worked hard till his course was interrupted by hemorrhage of the lungs. After a rest he accepted; in 1811, the lighter charge of Bonsal, near Matlock. In 1814 whilst his church at Bonsal was undergoing some necessary impsovement, he undertook a tour into Yorkshire, as we have seen, in company with the Rev. Legh Richmond, on behalf of the Church Missionary Society. During this tour he met Mr, Benjn. Haigh Allen, who was evidently very much drawn to him, for he gave him as a token of friendship the Bible which is now preserved in the Vestry, and also asked him to become the first Incumbent of the Church which he proposed building. More than five years passed before this Incumbency began. Some time after Mr.

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topics of his ministry, rendered him an object of much love and esteem to his flock, whilst his Catholic and truly Christian spirit obtained for him even amongst those who were neither attendants on his services, nor members of the Establishment, an unfeigned and general regard. The Church Missionary and Bible Societies, with other kindred institutions, ever found in him a zealous and powerful advocate ; and it was no slight attack of indisposition, nor trifling hindrance, which would prevent him from attending and assisting their public anniversaries. Nor can his friends fail to remember the gleam of satisfaction which used to pervade the assembly on his entering the room on these occasions. It was sufficiently indicative of the esteem in which he was held, and of the pleasure his presence gave.” Thus he laboured nearly to the close of 1824, at times tolerably well in health, at other intervals the invalid. I learn from the Register of Baptisms that he lived at Edgerton Lodge, and a son, Edward North, was born Decem- ber 11th, 1821, and baptized on Christmas Day. There were at least six children in the family. What income did the first Incumbent receive? The Founder had invested £3,333 6s. 8d. in 3% Consols, which provided an income of £100 per annum for the Minister. In 1825 the Governors of Queen Anne’s Bounty made grants (by lot) to this benefice, amounting to £1,000. This sum was invested in ‘£1,131 ros.

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Then the Rev. E. Edwards came from St. Mary’s, Liversedge, but after a very short time he became Incumbent of Marsden. The third Assistant Curate afterwards became a famous preacher and orator. His name was Hugh Stowell, and after I have closed the story of Mr. Maddock I will turn to him in my second Lecture. Hugh Stowell was here from August, 1823, to October, 1825. The only reference to him during this time that I have found is in a memorandum of Mr. Maddock, under date November 16th, 1823. ‘‘ Was not able to go out; but my lack of service was well supplied by my kind and laborious Curate, who took the whole three services, and was much strengthened and blessed in them.”

In June, 1825, Mr. Maddock, suffering from of the lungs, and finding himself unable to address his tlock from the pulpit, took up his pen and wrote ‘‘a Pastoral Letter to the Congregation,” and had it printed. This contains very much that is interesting, too much for this evening, so I will hold it over till the next Lecture, and close this with a few more words about the first Incumbent.

The Rev. Henry John Maddock seems to have remained in Huddersfield for some months longer, and on the last Sunday in October, 1825, he took an affectionate leave of his flock after the Communion, concluding with these words,

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On the south wall of the Chancel, within the Communion rails, is a tablet inscribed as follows :—‘‘ Sacred to the memory of Henry John Maddock, M.A., late Fellow of Magdalen College, Cambridge, the First Incumbent of this Church, who departed this life March

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subjects. Evangelical teaching has undergone considerable modification in certain particulars. We express things differently, and also certain strong and rigid views have been somewhat softened and moderated, but I trust we and a large portion of the Church of England hold fast the essential truths which in the great Evangelical Revival of the 18th century transformed England religiously and morally. The remaining pages of Mr. Maddock’s Pastoral Letter suggest to me the suitability at this point of trying to picture to ourselves the interior of the Church and the Services during this first period of our history. I shall naturally draw attention chiefly to such points as would strike us as different from the present.

Opposite page 37 will be found a plate which shows side by side a ground plan of the Church as it was in 1873, anda ground plan of the Church after the alterations in 1880. The latter is as it is now, except for one or two minor alterations. At this point I would fix your attention wholly on the left hand plan, which, except in a few details, represents the Church as it was in its first days. We enter the west door and find the porch or entrance lobby extending as far as the inside edge of the west gallery. That is, after passing through the present porch,

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AFTER 1880.

As IN 1873.

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father of the Founder. After his death they Mrs. John Allen. The large pew in the corner with the table in the centre was placed there later, and belonged to Mr. Watkinson.

All down the north and south aisles under the windows were free seats. They were not square pews such as you see in this plan; those were put in later. I am afraid these free seats for the poor had a stone floor, for in May, 1840, it was resolved that the sum of £10 be expended in boarding the free pews in the side aisles, and in matting the centre and east and west aisles on the ground floor, and the aisles in the gallery, also the north-east vestry. Encaustic tiles had not come in those days, and no doubt the aisles were paved with stone flags, as the side aisles are still, The central aisle was wide, and up the centre of it were placed forms with backs, each capable of taking four Sunday scholars. Here the younger boys sat at the morning service, the older ones being seated in the pews against the north wall. Come in to the Chancel. Instead of three steps, as there are now, there was but one low step into the Chancel: Inthe Chancel there were three pews on either side, but they never seem to have been taken. The Communion rails were oak, and instead of going straight across the Chancel, as shown in the plan, they formed three sides of an oblong, the east wall being the fourth side. The Chancel was by no means prominent. It was about the same level as the floor of the nave, and just in front of the Chancel Arch, right in the centre, stood a high three-decker. The top deck was the pulpit, high enough to command the galleries. In our Church this was reached by a long straight flight of steps coming up from the Chancel behind. The second deck was the Reading desk, from which the prayers and lessons were read by the clergy facing the

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38 the north end of it—perhaps in front of one of the graceful curved staircases by which the reading desk was reached on either side. My informant’s boyish remembrances recall an old man as clerk who was apt to fall asleep, and then the verger, also old, came to awaken him. The Reading desk and clerk’s desk were lit with candles, and he remembers the clerk snuffing the candles with old fashioned snuffers. The clerk used to say the Amens, and helped the minister to lead the congregation in the Confession, Lord’s Prayer, &c. He used also to give out the hymns. Where were the choir ? From the pulpit look round the Church, and you see the galleries somewhat similar to the present ones, only filled with high pews, and the floor not rising in tiers so much as now. The north gallery contained some of the most highly valued pews as we shall see. The Founder’s pew was there. But we have not yet found the choir. Look towards the west and lift your eyes much higher and you will see perched high up above the west gallery an organ and singing loft. There is the organ and there are

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39 of pastoral advice, if not reproof. We begin with that of public worship. Though, on the whole, I have reason to be thankful for the seriousness and attention which prevail in our congregation, yet there are some parts of your behaviour which may be altered for the better, and tend to honour God, and recommend His service. Let me urge upon you the necessity of an early attendance. You must be aware that the beginning of worship is sadly interrupted for want of attention to this matter. Persons come in during the whole of the prayers, by which the minds of the worshippers are distracted, and much confusion caused, I know that many come from a distance, and that some little allowance may be made for the variation of clocks.” (N.B—No telegraph to send Greenwich time for clocks to be set by—nor probably such accurate clocks.) Then he dwells upon the importance of the opening part of the service. Then he goes on :—

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Again the Pastoral letter continues

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42 to dispose of Ripon’s selection for the highest price they can.”’ Evidently there were certain selections of tunes published. So many L.M., so many C.M., S.M, 7-7-7-7, &c., and the Organist or Choirmaster fitted the tune to the hymn.

The Pastoral Letter also has some good advice about hearing sermons. Here is an interesting paragragh showing how times have changed. ‘And here I. may remark,” he writes, ‘that one reason amonst others why the preaching of the Word of God has so little effect upon the generality of those who hear it, is that they are so occupied on the Sabbath with the public means of grace as to find no time for private meditation and prayer. What with dressing and cooking, and

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to be “an extemporaneous firebrand.”” By that time Evan- gelicalism was very weak in Manchester, and it was with great hesitation that Bishop Blomfield licensed this ‘‘ extem- poraneous

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each the main interest of his life. But they did bring religion to bear on political and municpal life with such effect that a majority of the laity looked to them for guidance, and little was done without first asking their counsel and consent. Hugh Stowell was appointed Hon. Canon of Chester Cathedral in 1845, Chaplain to Dr. Lee, first Bishop of Manchester, in 1857. His portrait was placed during his life time in Salford Town Hall. He published numerous works. 3. It was decided before the Rev. H. J. Maddock’s death that his brother, the Rev. Benjamin Maddock, M.A., was to succeed him, but he did not actually enter upon his ministry here till October, 1826. He had been a friend of Henry Kirke White, who gave promise of some literary power. Southey admired him, and brought him to notice. Kirke White was born at Nottingham, where the Maddocks’ home was. He died of consumption just after taking his degree at Cambridge. Southey published a selection of his prose writings and poems. Benjamin Maddock had been Curate of Wimeswold, in the County of Leicester, and Chaplain to the Duke of Rutland. He continued here for four years till September, 1830. The Assistant Curates during this time were the Revs. W. Wilkins, 1826, D. Morgan, 1829, T. Donkins, 1829-30. A Directory of Huddersfield, dated 1830, mentions that the Rev. B. Maddock was local secretary with the Rev. B. Boothroyd, D.D., of both the Bible Society and Religious Tract Society. Mrs. B. H. Allen was cash secretary of the Ladies’ Bible Society. It also states that the number of Sunday Scholars at the Parish Church was 480; at Trinity only 50.

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marriage for nearly seven years. In 1821 the eldest son, Benjamin Haigh, was born. Then another son, John Whit- acre, in 1823. Then three daughters—Caroline in 1825, Anne Elizabeth in 1826 (she died in infancy, and was buried in the family vault under the Vestry), Sarah, born in 1828. Mr. Allen was an active helper in the work of the Church. One of his wife’s letters shows that on one occasion, when they were staying for a few days together at Woodhouse, her husband came over to Greenhead for the week-end to take his Bible Class on the Sunday. opened a School in a large room over his stables at Greenhead, which he main- tained as a Day School and Sunday School. Mr. Allen was active in the town. He was a County Magistrate, and that was trying and anxious work, for it was a time of great unrest among the workers, and no one knew when a serious outbreak might take place. His tablet says he sought the commercial welfare of the town. In the last two years of his life he took a prominent part in the following way :—In December, 1825, and the early part of 1826, there were many failures and stoppages of Banks in England. At that time the whole of the Banking in England, with the exception of the Bank of England, was carried on by private banks. The panic caused by these numerous failures had a lamentable effect upon the trade of the Kingdom, and so con- tributed to the general distress. Huddersfield and its neigh- bourhood not only shared fully as a manufacturing district in this general suspension of demand, but also suffered from the additional local evil of the failure of five private banks. In the meanwhile the Joint Stock Banks of Scotland were

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46 At the George Inn, Huddersfield, on January 22nd, 1827, eleven gentlemen met—Wm. Brooke, James Brook, Charles Brook, Geo. Senior, Thomas Lockwood, Abm. Lockwood, Thomas Pedley, Thomas Starkey, Joseph Armitage, Joseph Walker, and Benj. Haigh Allen in the chair. It wasresolved

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47 1813 Church Missionary Associations were established in Leeds and in Huddersfield. It was in connection with this that Mr. Allen laboured for the promotion of vital religion abroad. He was on the Committee from the first. Death came into the family in 1827, when his infant daughter Anne died. In 1828 his father, Thomas Allen, died at Gledholt, aged 76 years, and was buried at Almondbury. Then it seems his brother, John Allen, went to live at Gledholt. John Allen had married Sarah Brooke, daughter of William Brooke, of Armitage Bridge, and aunt of Mr. William Brooke and Mr. John Arthur Brooke, whom we know so well and respect so highly. Our history will often be recording her benefactions to the Church. A daughter, Hannah, was born to them in 1823, a son, Thomas, in 1825. Then soon after moving to Gledholt, in 1828, a daughter, Sarah, was born. John Allen died at Gledholt aged 35 early in 1830, less than a year after his brother, Benjamin Haigh Allen. His widow lived to a good old age, beloved by all. She will often appear in this history. Such were the family surroundings of those years. I picture to myself the party at Greenhead in 1828. Benjamin Haigh Allen was then 35 years old. I picture him and his wife and one or two boys, then old enough to go to Church, walking by a footpath across the Park from Green- head Hall, passing through the Park gates, which were then just opposite the Church, and crossing the road to Church. I like to think that at times he brought some distinguished guest with him, and that once, perhaps oftener, he was accompanied to our Church by William Wilberforce, for I know he used to visit at Greenhead. One of Mr. Allen’s granddaughters kindly entrusted me for a time with a letter written by William Wilberforce to Mr. Whitacre, of Wood- house, on hearing of Mr. Allen’s death. This is howit ran :—

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kind generally know through that source. A report has just now accidentally reached me (not at my own house, though I date from it as I return home D.V. to-morrow), that it has pleased God to remove Mr. Hague (sic) Allen. I cannot but feel deeply anxious to ascertain the truth or falsehood of the report. We know the uncertainty of our mortal life too well to be surprised by the sudden removal of the youngest and the strongest. Blessed be God, we know that our dear friend was ready for the change. Yet

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six to seven hundred gentlemen assembled at the Parish Church dressed in deep mourning and wearing white gloves. From thence they walked four deep to Greenhead, late the residence of the deceased, the Clergy of the district in front, followed by the Methodist and Dissenting Ministers, and next the Huddersfield Magistrates.

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50 him to get a pat on the cheek or a kiss. A little child is often a good judge of character. He usually enjoyed very good health, but began to fail in 1829, and was seized with inflammation of the brain, to which he succumbed. In 1830 the Rev. B. Maddock left Huddersfield to become Vicar of Tadcaster, where he remained for about 40 years, resigning that living in 1870 or 1871. 4. The third Incumbent was the Rev. Henry Withy, who entered upon his ministry here near the end of 1830, I have found in the Vestry a beautifully bound book entitled **Withy’s Lectures and Sermons.” They are humbly and affectionately dedicated

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sister, in which she

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52 afflicted in this or the other quarter of the district.” In the full career of his usefulness, after being here less than two years, he ruptured a blood vessel, and from the effects of this he never quite recovered. It was judged necessary for him to try the effect of a milder climate. But he could not afford this. A private meeting of the principal members of the Church was held, and they sent him a sum of money which enabled him to remove to the South of Devon. During this time his place was taken in the Church by the Rev. Edward Acton Davies, who was tutor to the sons of Mrs. B. H. Allen at Greenhead. Mr. Withy returned much recruited in health and hopeful of being able to resume his work. But this hope proved to be fallacious, Though he continued in Hudders- field for two years, yet it was so painful to him to be surrounded with calls to exertion, which his weakness made it impossible to obey, and his life was so clearly threatened by the severity of the northern winters, that in the autumn of 1834 he resigned the living and removed to Hastings. Again the affectionate reverence of those he had watched over in the Lord declared itself, and he was entreated, although he should cease to be their minister, still to reside among

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that in those days if it was good; but in this case it was not good enough. Sunday Scholars were looking forward to their Sunday dinner, and they declared that this Curate could have

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7, 8,9, 10. Certain arrangements about meetings of the Committee. The appointment of this Committee and the record of its doings naturally raises the subject of the finances of the Church in those early days, so I will take this opportunity of setting

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foresaw the rapid building of Churches which would follow : Woodhouse 1824, St. Paul’s 1830, Lindley 1830, Paddock 1830, enlargement of Parish Church 1836, St. John’s 1853, St. Thomas’ 1859. Further, the 500 free sittings for the poor have never been much appreciated. It is an interesting question to ask: Have they ever been appreciated in any Church in which they have been provided like this ? I have analysed the pew rents for several of the earlier years, and this is what I have found. The years reckon from November to November, the Church having been consecrated in October. Taking the years from the first I find the following Sale of Freehold Pews :—

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56 render the Church more useful if the pew rents were reduced, as, upon a comparison with those of other Churches, the rents of pews in this Church are generally higher.’’ In accordance with this a further slight reduction was made. It isclear that there was a general feeling in 1835 that the Church’s affairs required to be pulled together.

This Committee resolved upon two-fold action. First they established a Church Rate, which the Act of Parliament empowered the Churchwarden to do. This was a small affair, and brought in only £5 or £6 a year. It was only a rate upon pew-holders, proportional to the rents of their pews, and it continues to-day. Secondly, they abolished the collec- tions for Church expenses, which had been taken only twice in the year, and established subscriptions or contributions to be paid with the pew rents. This brought in generally from £32 to £36 a year. This Committee soon got briskly to work with the Organist and Singers of the Choir, though the Act of Parliament said that the organist was to be appointed, &c., by the Minister. They heard that the lady Organist was making application for another situation without having given any intimation of her intentions to anyone connected with the Church, so it was resolved that she shall be informed that after a month from that time her attendance as organist will not be requsite. They took the opportunity to intimate to the singers that their services “will not be required after six months, it being intended to re-model the choir, when they will be at liberty to be candidates along with others.”

Here are some further notes from the minutes of this Committee :— Mr. —— appointed organist at £10 a year. He is to pay. some attention to the teaching of the singers and of the scholars, so as to endeavour to bring the latter to join regularly in the singing.

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April 7th, 1836.—Resolved that £30 (including the 15 guineas from Mr. Allen’s Executors) be expended on a choir of singers (six in number), one of whom to be a good tenor. Nov. roth, 1836—That Mr. Geo. Roberts and Mr. Lancashire be appointed a Sub-committee to aid the Organist in the conducting of the choir of singers. November,

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officiating, should be Incumbent. Greenhead was therefore no longer occupied by members of the Allen family. Mr. and Mrs. Davies removed to Martley, in Worcestershire. Mrs. Davies, formerly Mrs. B. H. Allen, died in 1865, and Mr. Davies in 1880. In 1836 the Diocese of Ripon was formed out of portions taken from the Dioceses of York and of Chester, and Huddersfield passed from the Diocese of York to that of Ripon. 6. The fifth Incumbent of Trinity Church was the Rev. Naasson Maning, B.A., T.C.D., who was presented to the living by Mrs. Davies, He entered upon his ministry here in 1838, became Incumbent 1839, and remained for nearly 20 years, leaving in 1857. In accordance with the plan I have laid down for this History we will consider first the years 1838-45, in which important developments took place. First there came the building of Portland Street Schools. The history is as follows:— Even before the building of the Church, Mr. B. H. Allen had used as a School for the Poor a large room over the stables at Greenhead. Perhaps at first both boys and girls were taught here on weekdays and on Sundays. But after the Church was built the Boys’ Sunday School used to meet in the North Vestry Room, where the Organ Chamber now stands. There was an entrance from outside. There were no seats in this room except a high stool with a desk for the Superintendent. After the opening of School had taken place here, the boys were marched into the Chancel where the classes were taken. The girls remained at Greenhead. Owing to a visitation of cholera a low building had been erected in Dyke End Lane (Portland Street), on the Infirmary side, for a temporary Cholera Hospital. This was used by the Parish Church for its Sunday Schools during the rebuilding of the Church (1835-6), as their proper Schools. were being used for Services. When they finished with this building in 1836, Trinity Church took it fora Day School and

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Sunday School for Boys. I have seen a little book given as a. Sunday School Reward on Whit-Monday, 1839, at the time when the School met in the Cholera Hospital. It was given to a boy of 14—and was strong meat for one so young. It is. bound in sober brown cloth, and is entitled:

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children, and that at the least practicable expense.” Mr. Wallen’s plan was accepted. He provided specifications, and agreed to accept a donation of £10 as a full acknowledgment of his services on the completion of the work. Estimates were accepted amounting to £648 gs. od. If you work it out you will find that for 400 children that was only 32/6 per head. A few years ago it cost St. Paul’s Church £6,000 to build Schools for 450 children, that is nearly £13 10s. a head.

Then it was resolved to build two cottages in the School yard, the cost of which would not exceed £100. These were

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1. That the new School-house, in aid of which the National Society was pleased to grant £150, is completed in a satisfactory and workmanlike manner, being built of the proper dimensions, and in all respects according to the state- ment forwarded to the Society. 2.

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your sanction for our obtaining the draft as speedily as possible. We have opened the Schools very encouragingly, and from experience can testify to their utility, past and to be expected, having laboured from Sunday to Sunday, both morning and afternoon, for eight years with great delight, seeing that Sabbath Schools are a useful means under God’s blessing. Yours faithfully, T. G.

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contain the staircase. This Infants’ School was opened in 1843. ‘The Schoolmaster continued to occupy one of the cottages, and at a later date. when Mr. Holmes was School- master, the two cottages were made into one for him and his family. Such were the beginnings of ‘“ Dyke End Lane Schools,” or ‘Portland Street Schools,” or, better,

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In 1845 two important developments took place.

First. The “ London Gazette” of February 18th, 1845, records an Order in Council stating that ‘it appears to be expedient that a particular district should be assigned to the consecrated Church called Trinity Church ...and that such district should be named ‘ The Chapelry: District of the Holy Trinity,

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65 Secondly, on July rst, 1845, the Pews and Pew-rents passed from the Founder’s family to the Rev. Naasson Maning, the Vicar, and his successors. An agreement was made by which Mrs. John Allen paid £1,000 to Mr. John Whitacre Allen, second son of the Founder, and in considera- tion of this, the Rev. Edward Acton Davies and his wife (the Founder’s widow) and John Whitacre Allen, Esq., conveyed all the pews (not sold as freehold) to the Rev. Naasson Maning and his successors. At the same time they gave up all responsibility for paying the Clerk, the Singers, and the Sexton, and for Repairs. A Directory of Huddersfield dated 1842, states that “The Curacy (that means the living), valued at £135, is enjoyed by the Rev. N. Manning.” A Directory dated 1853 states that the Perpetual Curacy is valued at £185. So far then pew rents had added £50 to the value of the living, which does not indicate a large Congregation. Yet one more event in 1845. Certain alterations were made in the Church, The organ and singing loft perched high up above the West Gallery was taken down. From January, 1846, till 1880, the organ was at the back of the West Gallery, with the singing pew in front of it. Iam notcertain about any other alterations made at that time. But some old members of the Congregation have told me that they remem- ber their mother saying that originally the

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The Second Section of the History of the Church and Parish is a short one, extending only from 1845-1857. It comes almost wholly within the Incumbency of the Rev. Naasson Maning, who was the fifth Incumbent, 1839 to 1857. The following were his Assistant Curates :—

Rev. Wm. Moriarity 1839-41

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67 In 1848-9 Huddersfield Railway Station was built and Before this the people had to go by coach to Cooper Bridge as being the nearest point on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, or to Dunford Bridge, the nearest point on the Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Railway, which has since developed into the Great Central Railway. In those ‘days its initials M. S. & L. R. were sometimes irriverently taken to mean ‘* Money Sunk and Lost Railway.” With regard to the Church and its services I will quote from a letter written by one who was baptized in Trinity ‘Church in the summer of 1838. He says, ‘I attended Day and Sunday School from an infant, and obtained the prize for Biblical knowledge at the Midsummer Examination of 1346. These Examinations were attended by the parents of the children and many members of the Congregation. Before gas was installed in the Church, the Sunday Evening Service was held in the Girls’ Schoolroom (Dyke End Lane). It consisted mainly of a large Bible Class, singing, and prayer, and these services were well attended and appreciated. The Morning Service in the Church at that time was very long — the Litany and the Commandments along with the other portions were read, and the sermon took 49 to 45 minutes, so that it was generally 12-45 or 12-50 before we were released, and on Communion Sunday, about 1-15 p.m. When I was a boy the pulpit construction was a ‘three decker

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In 1848 the Committee resolved that Mr. Bell, the Clerk, should receive £ 8 per annum instead of £6 6s. formerly resolved, “such additional salary being intended as a recompense for the additional trouble he has in the annual practising of the children in singing for the Whitsuntide Feast.” I find no. minutes of the Committee during this period indicating troubles. about organists or singers. Only near the end of the period we have the first sign of the old order changing, yielding place to new. For in 1856 the Churchwardens were requested to engage Mr. Hanley, at a salary of £15 per annum, to instruct twenty boys to actas Choristers. I We shall see how this was followed up two years later. The Committee seems to have been quiescent for some years, for there are no minutes for the years 1849-52 and 1855. On April 16th, 1857, it was resolved ‘‘ That Collections. having been announced for next Sunday, they be made agree- ably thereto. That itis expedient that the expenses of ae Church should raised by a rate on the occupiers of pews.” The Churcl quested with the Incumbent, and if approved by him to convene a meeting of the pew- holders for the purpose of raising a rate.

On Saturday afternoons Mr. Maning used to hold a Bible Class for young people in the Chancel, which was very well attended, and not by the children of Church people only. In 1855, St. John’s Church having been built in 1853, a district was assigned to it which took away a small portion of the district assigned in 1845 to Holy Trinity. It is very difficult to follow the boundary line precisely. The following is a description of the

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In accordance with these Trinity Churchyard was closed except for burials by license granted in cases where vaults were already secured. I will take this opportunity of decribing one of the most curious features of Trinity Church. It has a large and lofty crypt under the whole of it, intended for a burying place, and used for that purpose to some extent. The sides of the crypt can be entered by steep flights of steps about the middle of the north and south sides of the Church (outside), the central portion by a slope down the eastern end. Enter at the east end, pass through the part under the Chancel, and come into the next section. Then look at the north wall, and you see a set of pigeon holes made with slabs of stone, each pigeon hole being large enough to take a coffin pushed in end ways (see illustration). Here at the present time are fourteen bodies. After the coffin was put in, a small stone was cemented over the front, and the inscription carved on it. Notice some who are buried here. John Allen, his daughter, Sarah Allen, Edward Lake Hesp and his wife. There were three other bodies here, a father, mother and son, but the daughter came some time afterwards to see the place, and was so dissatisfied that she obtained a faculty for removing the three coffins and burying them in the Churchyard. The foundation walls of the Vestry form a separate vault in the crypt. This was reserved for the Founder and his family. He is buried there in a similar manner, and his infant daughter Anne. I have said nothing so far about Churchwardens. The Act of Parliament stated that the Minister was to appoint a Church or Chapel Warden, and so for many years there was only one warden. The only two names I can find before 1853 are those of Mr. Smith 1840, and Mr. Topp, who in 1848 was thanked by the Church Committee for his five years’ service. The following names occur in the closing years of Mr. Maning’s Incumbency: — Sidney F. Battye, Foster Shaw, Benjamin Hall, John Wilkinson. In 1854 there is the

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Mr. Jones’ Assistant Curates were the Revs. Abraham Smith, A. T. Wood (1857-60), Frederick Ball (1861-5), Alfred Turner (1865-7), still remembered by some for his interest in the Day Schools, and his lavish gifts to babies and little children (died 1912) ; the Rev. Edward Smyth Thorpe (1868- 1872), who stayed on with Mr. Jones’ successor.

Soon after the advent of Mr. Jones there was a vigorous attempt to improve the Choir. We in 1856 twenty boys were to be instructed as Choristers by Mr. Hanley. In July, 1858, a meeting of the Congregation was held to con- sider the improvement of the Choir, and the next month it was arranged that Mr. Wm. Hanley should continue the manage- ment of the Choir at his former salary, £15. A Tenor was to have £6, another £2 ; an Alto £5, and two Basses £2 each. The Organist, Mr. Longhurst, was to have £15 as before. The boys were to sing gratuitously. The total cost of Organist, Choirmaster, and Choir was, therefore, £47. The Choir moved into the Chancel, but the organ was still in the West Gallery. This did not work, for on October 24th, 1859 (the next year), there was another meeting to consider the improvement of the Choir. After considerable discussion, it was resolved: “ That the Choir be removed out of the Chancel into the

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72 sold by auction in the George Hotel, and fetched respectively £11 5s.and £17. These were purchased by the Vicar. One had belonged to Mr. Joseph Brook, of Newhouse, the other toa Mr. John Eddison. The Vicar borrowed the money for the purchase of these, and repaid it with interest in 1868. Three other pews were bought for £5 1os.,

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preached a funeral sermon, in the course of which he told the Congregation that it was Miss Allen’s dying wish that an Infants’ School should be built at Marsh. The Congregation decided to carry this out as a memorial to Miss Allen. Sub- scriptions were obtained, the Allen family giving largely. The architect was Mr. Tarn, who had come to Huddersfield from London, and was a member of the Congregation during his short stay in the Town. The Marsh Memorial School was opened on Palm Sunday, 1865. Sunday Evening Services were held there from the first, and it was opened at once as a Day School, but was not used as a Sunday School till 1874. The Babies’ Class Room was added to it in 1894. The School was not placed under Government inspection until 1876, and so received no grants till then. The ground is leased from Sir J. W. Ramsden for a term of 99 years, and the annual rent is £7

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Let me mention some of the Annual Events recorded in the Parish Magazine.

An Annual Missionary Tea Party was held in January in the large Upper Room of Portland Street School. I should like to discover how long this had been held. It had certainly been in existence since 1837, for the Rev. Richard Collins, Senior, Rector of Kirkburton, attended it 44 times in 45 years. —and he died in 1882—so0 the first time he attended it was in 1837. I have been told how ladies presided at the tables in white kid gloves and poured out, whilst their footmen stood behind and served. Ichabod! The glory has departed! Generally 200 people sat down to the tea and others came into the Meeting afterwards, at which several addresses were given. There were also Quarterly Meetings for the C.M.S., but the Magazine is generally sad that they were not so well attended except by young folk. However, during Mr. Sharpe’s Vicariate the monetary support of the C.M.S. was much more than doubled. In 1870 it was £68. In 1880 it was £170, with an average of £166 for the ten years. That is about where we stand now, and that with the help of O.O.M. Fund. It is time for another advance.

The Vestry Meeting in April, 1873, came to two important decisions. The first was “that all accounts connected with the Church and Schools should be printed yearly, and that copies be placed in each pew before the Annual Vestry Meet- ing.”’ The first part of this resolution has been carried out ever since. The latter part ceased some years ago. Was it because the accounts were found more interesting than the Sermon or Service?

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76 quite a new thing. Soon April 28th, 1873, a Special Con- gregational Meeting was held in Portland Street Schools, and appointed the Committee for that year—the first Church Council. The first Congregational Tea Party and Annual Meeting were held as arranged on Easter Monday, 1874. About 120 sat down to tea, and a very pleasant evening was spent. Short but effective speeches were made by members of the Congregation, and several songs were sung. The numbers increased from year to year, until in 1879, 400 sat down to tea—and the room was warm for the meeting. In that same year, 1874, about three weeks after the Congregational Tea Party in Portland Street Schools, a Tea Party was held at the Marsh Memorial School, when nearly 200 sat down to tea, after which there was a crowded meeting. Important developments were evidently set forth then, for on Trinity Sunday, May 31st, 1874, a Sunday School was opened in Marsh Memorial School. The Afternoon Service held there was moved on from 3 o’clock to 3-15. The first Superintendent was Mr. Robinson, of whom I shall have more to say later. With regard to the Sunday \Schools and Whitsuntide. During these years Trinity Church had its own selections of hymns. On Whit Monday the scholars assembled at Port- land Street, marched by New North’ Road and Blacker Lane, where they were joined by the contingent from Marsh, which grew year by year. Then they used to sing to dear old Mrs. John Allen at West Place, then proceeded to the front of the Infirmary and sang to the patients, then to tea in Portland Street, and then to the Old Rifle Fields, which were about where the Playing ground in the Park is now.

One year the Parish Magazine records that 500 scholars sat down

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some 18 feet, but in these years of growth Portland Street Schools were not only crowded on Sundays, but rooms were used in neighbouring houses. In 1876 the first Public Dis- tribution of Sunday School Prizes took place. Teachers provided tea at 2d., and there was plenty of warmth and noise. In 1881 the Sunday School Teachers decided to adopt courses of lessons such as those published by the Sunday School Institute. From 1873, for several years in succession, Trinity Church joined with the Parish Church in an annual trip to the seaside—about 800 altogether generally going. In this way Bridlington, Scarborough, Lytham, and Blackpool were visited. In 1874 a Band of Hope was started in Portland Street Schools. There were soon 100 members, and they increased to 200. They used to take part in the great doings on Whit Tuesday. A Mothers’ Meeting was first started in Marsh Memorial School in January, 1875. It was taken by Mrs. F. Butter- worth. In 1877 it moved to the Conservative Club Rooms, no doubt because the School came under Govern- ment Inspection in 1876, and so the room would not be avail- able on a Monday afternoon at three o’clock. The Mothers’ Meeting at Portland Street School began in 1878.

Not long before Mr. Sharpe came to Huddersfield there had been a very remarkable Revival, which spread over Wales and Ireland, Scotland and parts of England. And there was a similar spiritual movement in America at the time. So there began to be what some called Revival Meetings, and these developed into the first Parochial Missions. A Special Missionary came and held Evangelistic Services for about ten days, and an effort was made to draw in and awaken the careless, the indifferent, the ungodly, and to bring professing Christians to definite decision. Mr. Sharpe was evidently in sympathy from the first with such efforts. In April, 1872, the Rev. Wm. Haslam held such a Mission in Trinity Church. In November, 1874, “ Charles

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‘Smith, late a working man” (such is the description), did the

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I pass now to the great changes effected in the interior of the Church in the years 1874 and 1880. Unhappily in the

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into the Chancel and North Aisle respectively—and to erect a new Organ in this Organ Chamber. This involved the removal of at least part of the North Gallery—as you know, one bay has been removed. (2) down and remove the North and South Galleries, leaving only a West Gallery stretched straight across the West end of the Church. (3) To raise the floor of the Chancel 19 inches, making three steps, and re-erect the Choir Stalls—to make the Communion rails go straight across instead of bending to the East. (4) To lay encaustic tiles instead of the paving in Chancel and Aisles. (5) Tochange the Pulpit and Reading Desk. A small minority, of whom the chief was Mr. William Hick, opposed the removal of the Galleries on the ground that it would be impossible to satisfy the Clause in the Act of Parliament assigning 500 free sittings to the Poor. The majority contended that there would be an ample supply of free sittings for those who desired them, and it was also pro- posed that all sittings should be free when the bell stopped. The work was practically put in hand and one bay of the North Gallery removed, when, through the opposition, the Chancellor of the Diocese stepped in, anda Faculty had to be applied for before the work could be allowed to proceed. Representatives of the two parties with their Solicitors had to appear at Ripon, and then the matter was heard more fully in Portland Street School. The result was that the Faculty was granted for all the proposed alterations except the removal of the Galleries. I fear that there was a considerable amount of heat and bitterness, and the Church Committee had to find the money to pay the opposer’s costs as well as their own. The Faculty in part having been obtained, the work started in earnest in September, 1880, and the Church was re-opened with a week of Services beginning on Monday December 6th, the Dean of Ripon preaching at 12 noon, and

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the Rev. F. Pigou, Vicar of Halifax, in the evening. Then there were three preachers from Sheffield, the Rev. H. A. Farrell, the Rev. Canon Blakeney, and the Rev. W. H. Falloon, and on Sunday the Vicar preached in the morning, and the Rev. H. H. Rose, always welcome, in the evening. Now let us look at the Church and the Services to note the changes which came in December, 1880. Enter the Church at the west door. The old dark lobby had gone six years before. Now look round the Church and you see no square pews, no high pews (except in the Galleries which remained as before), but you see the seats as they are now—neat and reasonable and comfortable, with their dark crimson woven matting. The old three or two decker had gone before this, and the pulpit tried for some time to find its proper position and proper height. Instead of one low step into the Chancel there were the three steps we see now. Instead of paving covered with cocoa-nut matting along the aisles, there were our present handsome encaustic tiles. A new Communion Table Cover had been given, and ladies of the congregation had worked the mat for the step beneath the rails, which were of heavy oak. The Reading Desk was where it is now, only the Clergyman faced the congregation still. The ante-room of the Clergy Vestry had become a Choir Vestry, and the Choir were surpliced then for the first time.

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such is the Kingdom of God.” But they collected nearly £60 more than this, so on Whit-Sunday, 1881, appeared a new Pulpit, round the base of which run the words: Presented with the Lectern by the Teachers and Scholars of the Schools and the Younger Members of the Congregation, in commemora- tion of the Centenary of Sunday Schools, on the occasion of the Re-opening of the Church, December 6th, 1880.” The Parish Magazine for January, 1881, exclaims: “ What can be more gratifying to those who have spent much time and trouble in carrying out extensive alterations in a Church on behalf of a congregation than to hear on its completion the one voice of all declaring the work to be well done, and a great success? Such we believe to be the case with Holy Trinity ! We have not heard a dissentient voice, all with one consent have expressed their great satisfaction with the

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«commenced a small Afternoon School at Marsh (the district which always occupied, perhaps, the warmest corner in his heart). We may call him the Founder of Marsh Sunday School. From the opening of the Marsh Memorial School in 1865, he took the deepest interest in the Services held there, and was always present as leader in the Choir. Nothing but illness or absence from home could keep him from the Service either on Sunday or Thursday. He used also to conduct Cottage Meetings in his own house, No. 1, Gledholt Road. He was buried at Lindley Church, the Church Com- mittee, Sunday School Teachers and Scholars, and many others meeting at Marsh School and joining the funeral procession there. It was soon evident that many wished for a permanent memorial of such a faithful worker. Mrs. John Allen led with £100, and the total given was £280. It was decided to place a Clock in the Church Tower. On August 27th, 1884, a Special Service was held, when Mr. Thomas Allen set the Clock in motion. The Sermon was preached by the Rev. H. H. Rose. The dials are 7ft. 6in. in diameter. The new bell, which was hung at this time —there being only one before—weighs 84 cwts. On December 23rd, 1884, Mrs. Allen died at 81 years of age. The Rev. T. H. Sharpe, writing in the Parish Magazine, said:

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Let us recall some of the most important gifts of Mrs. Allen for the good of Holy Trinity Church :— 1. In 1845 she paid £1,000 to Mr. John Whitacre Allen, in consideration of which the Founder’s family gave up- all their rights in the pews; and so she practically re- endowed the Church, by presenting the pews to the: Vicar and his successors. 2. In 1861 she bought the house No. 60, Westfield, and presented it to the Living as a Parsonage House. 3. In 1880 she bought the Advowson of the Living from Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen (the son of the Founder): for £1,000, and placed it in the hands of Simeon’s Trustees. 4. In 1880 she gave £1,000 towards the extensive alterations. in the Church. 5. She gave also considerable sums for the maintenance of the Schools in

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‘Glory of God and in memory of Sarah Allen, sister-in-law of the Founder of this Church, this window was erected by the Congregation and other Friends in loving appreciation of her

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bending towards the N.E. and N. as it does now, went straight, on till it descended into Back Wentworth Street by what the Parish Magazine calls a

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87 Both had been valued and beloved workers for Trinity Church during their respective times at the Vicarage. In September, 1886, a new staircase was built for Port- land Street Schools. I am not sure to which this refers. It was not the outside staircase. The bridge from the Infants’ School to the Girls’ School was made in the sixties. I think this new staircase must have replaced an inferior one in the Infants’ School. The following were Churchwardens during Mr. Sharpe’s Vicariate :—Messrs. W. W. Cliffe, J. Wilkinson, S F. Battye, Wn. R. Middlemost, F. Butterworth, J. H. Sykes, E. T. Sykes, James Drake, H. D. Taylor, J. Sugden, B. Alison, B. Schofield, Dunnerdale. The Rev. T. H. Sharpe’s health had been failing for some time, and he determined to resign his charge. A Commission sat after some delay—allowed the resignation—and accorded the retiring Incumbent a Pension from the living. The resignation took effect on October 15th, 1886. It was decided to make a Presentation to him from the Congregation. Find- ing difficulty in selecting a suitable expression for their Testimonial, they presented a note for £100. To the Rev. C. M. Sharpe, the active and popular Curate, several presenta- tions were made. In March, 1887, he also received from the Congregation a model of Holy Trinity Church (beautifully made by Mr. Robinson, a member of Mr. Mason’s Bible Class) originally purchased by the parishioners for their late esteemed Vicar. The Rev. C. M. Sharpe left Huddersfield to be Curate of Tankersley, and in 1888 he was presented to the Vicarage of Elsecar. The Rev. T. H. Sharpe on his resignation took a house at Gledholt and went to reside there, but he died suddenly in November, less than a month from the date of his resignation, and was buried in Trinity Churchyard, near the main entrance gates. He was 69 years of age. His Vicariate of 15 years had witnessed an immense amount of earnest, devoted, spiritual work, and also very great changes and improvements in the Church and its Services, and in the Churchyard.

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3. The eighth Incumbent was the Rev. Edward Markby, M.A., who was presented to the living by Simeon’s Trustees.

The new Vicar entered upon his duties on October 17th, 1886, and was formally inducted at a public Service on Octo- ber 30th. For the benefit of those who do not know how Vicarages are kept in repair, 1 would explain that when a Living is vacated by Death or by Resignation or by Prefer- ment, the Parsonage House, if there is one, is, by order of the Bishop, inspected by the Diocesan Surveyor, who reports all dilapidations, and draws up a Schedule of the structural repairs which he considers necessary, and estimates the cost ofthem. The outgoing Vicar, or, if he has died, his repre- sentative, has to pay that cost. The incoming Vicar has to see the repairs carried out, and the Diocesan Surveyor inspects them, and if satisfied gives a Certificate which covers the next five years. You observe that legally the Clergy themselves are responsible for the upkeep of Parsonage Houses. With regard to interior painting, papering, decora- tion, &c., each Incumbent can do just as much or as little as he likes, and of course he pays for it. When Mr. Markby was about to enter Trinity Vicarage the Bishop’s Surveyor and the Borough Health Inspector independently made sur- veys of its sanitary condition, and reported it most defective and highly injurious to health. The matter was brought before the Church Committee. They at once decided to make an appeal to the Congregation. This met with an immediate and generous response, the subscriptions amounting to £61 16s. 6d. In February, 1888, a Memorial Window to the late Vicar, the Rev. T. H. Sharpe, was completed. Mr. I. Hordern originated the idea and obtained the subscriptions. The Window was designed and executed by Messrs. A. O, Hemming & Co., the same firm to which the East Window had been entrusted. In the estimation of those who knew Mr. Sharpe, the subject in this case was not so happily chosen. The Memorial is ‘‘the portion of the three-light Eastern-

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most window showing under the Gallery on the South side of the

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go The Church was re-opened on Wednesday, August

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g2 Font was lowered and placed in the S.W. corner of the ‘Church

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Miss Maude Middlemost, who superintended the Girls’ Sunday School, played the Harmonium at the Services and trained the Choir, &c. There was a strong desire that something more should be done for Marsh, and one idea was to build a Church and form a new parish. On Saturday, May 18th, 1889, a Sale of Work was held in the Memorial School to provide a new Harmonium. It was a great success, realising about £53, so that a fine Harmonium was bought for £39, and a balance of £11 was placed in the bank and credited to ‘‘ The Marsh From the year 1887 during the winter

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it would not meet the above stated needs.” The meeting took a similar view, and unanimously decided to make an effort to erect a Parish Room. Working parties were started to work for it. In November, 1891, Mr. I. Hordern offered the Com- mittee a wooden building which he was about to put up, just behind the Marsh Memorial School, to be purchased for £200, with a pepper-corn ground rent,—the building would be 70 feet by 30 feet, and varnished internally,—the purchasers to arrange for the furnishing, lighting and heating. The offer was gratefully accepted. There was naturally a somewhat strong difference of opinion between the supporters of a Church for Marsh and the supporters of a Parish Room. Mr. Hordern explained that he had a great desire for a Church, but saw the need of the Parish Room, and promised £10

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95 expenses of the building, as long as it remains connected with Holy Trinity

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96 In 1897, a very useful new room (the Sewing Meeting Room) was added to the Parish Room,—Mrs. J. H. Sykes. and Mrs. H. Beardsell undertaking to raise sufficient funds to. pay for it. This was done by holding a Sale of Work at Bryancliffe, of which the receipts were £51 13s. gd. In 1898, someone anonymously presented to the Parish Room a handsome carved Oak Glastonbury Chair and Oak Reading Desk to match. The profits of the Marsh Congregational Tea in were used to purchase Choir Desks for the Parish Room. In

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In 1891 the Free or Assisted Education Act was passed. Financially this was of some assistance to Marsh School, but not to Portland Street. It enabled the Managers to abolish School Pence for all children under Standard III. Those above Standard II. were to be charged a penny a week.

As all the Board Schools in Huddersfield at once became Free, the attendance at Portland Street probably suffered further diminution on this acconnt. In 1892, a General Parochial Meeting was convened by the Managers to consider the situation. Apparently there was some feeling that the Managers might have managed better, though it is doubtful whether there was any justification for it. It was decided that the Church Council should constitute the Managing Committee of the Schools with power to add to the number of the Committee.

Steps were taken to convert Portland Street School into a Mixed School. The plan was sanctioned by the Education Department, and an outer staircase in the Boys’ School Yard had to be erected, so as to afford separate entrances for boys and girls, who are allowed, by the Code, to mix only inside the School. The new Scheme came into operation in August, 1892. The next year, 1893, brought further heavy demands. The Education Department reported that various alterations must be made. , (1) To convert present Class-rooms into Cloak-rooms. (2) To put up partitions in the large School-rooms at Portland Street. (3) To build new Class-room to Marsh Memorial School. To meet the expenses a Sale of Work was held on December ist & 2nd, 1893, in the Parish Room, resulting (with donations amounting to £40) in the sum _ of £400 17s. 7d. Of this, £68 went in erecting the new Stair- case at Portland Street and towards Mission Street, Marsh; £224 for new Class-room and Furniture at Marsh; £28 10s,

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“99 to the Churchwardens for the Church; and £85 estimated expenses for pointing the Church. It is well to remember that this Sale of Work took place only 14 months after the Bazaar for the Parish Room, which had raised £475. But in 1894 the Managers had to set forth the Financial condition of the Schools again and appeal for £220 to wipe off their immediate deficiency, chiefly on account of improve- ments,—and also to point out that they must look forward to an annual deficit of £43. It seems that the £220 was raised in a few months by special donations. In 1896, all the Schools—Portland Street and Marsh— obtained excellent Reports and the Principal Grant, and in the following year the Reports were still better. Yet the Vicar had to complain that the numbers at Portland Street were still diminishing. This, however, was the case with all Huddersfield Schools owing to a decrease in the birth-rate. In 1897 there was a new Education Act to relieve necessitous Schools by special aid grants. I suppose this was some help to our Schools, yet there continued to be an annual deficit of about £50, so that by 1901 there was an accumulated debt of £378, though £100 from Government Grant was due towards that. In 1g01 a most interesting and creditable achievement in the raising of money for Church and Schools took place. At the end of 1900 the Church Council decided to recommend that £1,200 be raised and allocated as follows :—Schools, £500; Church Needs (consisting of New Boiler, Cleaning and Painting, Electric Light, and Expenses,) £700. It was decided to open a Subscription List, and also prepare for a Bazaar. Shortly afterwards the Vicar received a letter from Mr. Alfred Kaye, enclosing two cheques for £25 each from himself and his wife, saying that they preferred to give thus than take part in the Bazaar. The

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Bazaar in the Parish Room or Parochial Hall might suffice. The Vicar consequently approached several members of the Congregation to see what they felt, with the result that in January he was able to announce to a Congregational Meeting that £872 had been promised, whereupon the Bazaar was given up. The Vicar continued his canvass and by this means obtained £1,065. As this did not quite meet the whole need, a Sale of Work was held in the Parish Room on Feb.

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After 33 years he was offered a kind of sole charge at Sandal, near Wakefield. On his leaving in September, 1895, he received various presentations, including a Purse of Gold (£43) from the Congregation. As there was an interval of three months before a new Curate could enter upon his work, Capain Mulholland of the Church Army took up the work at Marsh for that period, and was much appreciated. On December

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had been Bishop of Dover, Suffragan to the Archbishop of Canterbury, became Bishop of Wakefield. An interesting development in our Church’s support of Foreign Missionary Work must be recorded. During the Rev. T. H. Sharpe’s Vicariate, Contributions to the C M.S. had maintained an annual average of £160. From one reason or another this declined in the early part of Mr. Markby’s time. I find that in 1897-8 the amount was about

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The Rev. F. E. Markby went out in the Autumn of 1898. Unfortunately he met with two difficulties—the first was fever, which necessitated his removal from his first Station—the second was the language, which eventually led him regretfully to resign his connection with the C.M.S. and take the Chaplaincy of Cochin, where the work would be in English. The Subscribers at once adopted Miss Annie Graham as “Our Own Missionary.” This was in May, 1903. Miss Graham had already passed her first Chinese Examination, having gone out to Hangchow in October, 1901. She has therefore completed twelve years’ work. She came home on furlough in 1908, and her next furlough is due early next year. We are proud of her work and trust she may long be spared to carry it on. May the Parish continue to support her heartily by prayers and gifts. Here I must bring my History somewhat abruptly to a close. I do not profess to have said anything about the last ten years. When I began looking up the history of the Church, I had no idea of going to this length, or of giving a Lecture, much less three Lectures. The preparation has taken a great deal of time, but I feel it has been justified. First, because it is good to have a record such as this kept in a Church’s Archives, and I have gathered material about the early days which the passage of another ten years might have made more difficult to obtain. Secondly, because I feel it has done me good in drawing me closer to the Church and Parish. I feel I know it a deal better than I did before. Thirdly, I hope the history will stimulate us all to carry on earnestly, devotedly, and vigorously the good work of our Church and Parish as Clergy and Laity have in the past. And may God be with us as He was with them.

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VICAR, 1910.

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