Studies in Local Topography V: Gledholt Hall (1935) by Philip Ahier

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STUDIES IN LOCAL TOPOGRAPHY - __PART V.

a

Gledholt

BY

PHILIP’ AHIER, fy (copyrigu)

Price - As.

HUDDERSFIELD: I

“ADVERTISER PRESS LIMITED.

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STUDIES IN LOCAL TOPOGRAPHY - PART V.

Gledholt Hall

BY

PHILIP AHITER.

(COPYRIGHT)

HUDDERSFIELD:

ADVERTISER PrREss LIMITED.

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ll. lll. iv. vi. Vil. Vill.

XE

X1.

ee

oR

a

10.

CONTENTS.

CHaPpTER XII.—GLEDHOLT HALL.

Preface : Situation, ne Spellings of Gledholt A Short Sketch of the Homesteads at Gledholt Description of Gledholt Hall The Story of Gledholt previous to 1523 The Owners of Gledholt from 1523 to 1932 ... The Hirsts of Gledholt ... The Tenants at. Gledholt, 1686-—1750 The Haighs at Gledholt Hall The Allens at Gledholt Hall ys The Tenants at Gledholt Hall, 1830—1923 .. Subsequent Owners of Gledholt’ Hall, 1923— Appendix

List oF ILLUSTRATIONS.

Gledholt Hall (Winter Scene).

The Porch at Gledholt Hall. The Panelled Room in Gledholt Hall. Part of Panel in the Panelled Room. The Reception Room in Gledholt Halli.

PAGE 111 195 196 197 20:2 207 211 216 218 220 229 240 241

The Carved Mantelpiece in the Reception Room. at Gledholt

Hall. Part of the Garden in front of Gledholt Hall.

The Walk showing the Circular Brick Wall in the Garden at

Gledholt Hall, Mr. T..P. Crosland, M:P., 1815-1868. Mr. John Fisher, 1833-1930,

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ns

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(iii.) a _ PREFACE.

The story of Gledholt is related in this Part, which the writer has pleasure in presenting to the public of Huddersfield a further contribution to his ‘‘Studies in Local Topography.’’ It was the wrilter’s intention to have published the stories of Gledholt Hall and of Greenhead Hall in one book, but owing to the exigencies of space, the story of Greenhead is deferred to Part VI.

The writer’s best thanks are due to Dr- and Mrs. J. Raffan for their kindness in permitting him to view the interior of Gled- holt Hall and for supplying photographs of its principal features.

Once again, the writer has to express his great indebtedness to the researches, both published and unpublished, of the late Mr.. G. W, Tomlinson, whose monograph on ‘‘Greenhead,’’ which appeared in the Huddersfield Parish Church Magazines for Febru- ary and March, 1885, has formed the basis of this little book.

The Archives of the Huddersfield Corporation, too, have been consulted, and, in this connection, the writer records his appre- ciation of the services rendered by Mr. E. A. Walshaw in search- ing through the records of the Ramsden Estates for the names of the tenants of Gledholt Hall.

Considerable assistance has been given at the Huddersfield Public Library, and the writer desires to acknowledge the favours which he has received from Mr. Horace Goulden (Public Librarian), and his Assistants, in particular, Mr. Charles Bennett (Deputy Librarian). The writer also desires to express his thanks to the Pro- prietors of the ‘‘Huddersfield Examiner’’ for permission to quote from their Files, and to Messrs. J. Dye and J. E. Fisher for assistance in the compilation of biographies.” Other acknowledgments for assistance rendered are made in the course of the book.

PHILIP. AHIER, 24 Lightridge Road, Sheepridge, Huddersfield. October, 1935.

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GLEDHOLT

HALL (Winter

Scene)

Photo by Mr

H

Swift.

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CHAPTER: XII. i, SITUATION, DERIVATION AND’ SPELLINGS I OF GLEDHOLT.

Gledholt Hall is situated at the corner of Gledholt Road and the lane which leads into what 1s facetiously known as_ T.P. Wood. The name ‘‘Gledholt’’ signifies ‘‘bright wood,’’ the suffix ‘“holt’’ being derived from an old English word meaning a or a “wood,” while ‘“‘eled’’ is derived from another old English word glaed, which means ‘‘bright’’? or ‘‘shining’’ besides ‘‘joyous’’ or ‘‘glad,’’ that, indeed, was the original sense, compare Old Norse ee (Armitage Goodall, “Place Names in South West Yorkshire,’’ p. 146). The spelling of the word ‘‘Gledholt’’ has seen a large number of variations during the long course of its existence as a place- name. The following are a few records of its in the Middle Ages :—

1296—Gledeholt, Compoti of Henry de Vode Bes

p. 3d1. I Sir John Byron’s MSS. (Dodsworth’s I Transcript). I I

13846—Gledholte, Yorkshire Deeds IV., 273. 1400—Gleidholt, Y.D. IV., 274. , 1425—Gledeholte—Rental of Pontefract (T.S. XXVI., 256). 1445—Gledholt, Y.D. IV., 275. 1461—Gleydeholt, Y:A.J., Vol. VII., 128. 1523—Gledholtt, Subsidy Roll (Y.A.J., Vol. II., p. 51). 1603—Gleadholt, Subsidy Roll (p. 193), 1664—Gleadhould, Hearth Tax Returns.

The first builder of a homestead in that locality, whoever he was, no doubt, saw the advantages of erecting such beautiful surroundings, which include a pretty dell with trees growing on all sides even in 1935. The view from that medieval homestead would have been a delightful one, Crosland Moor and part of the Colne Valley, in those far gone day s, when Johanne de Gledeholt lived there, must have presented an exquisite picture in Springtime,

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ll,, A SHGRT. SKETCH -OF THE HOMESITEADS Al: GLEDHOLT,

There seem to have been at least three dwelling—houses erected on or near the site of the present Gledholt Hall :—

(i) The abode’ of the de Gledholts, who took their name from the locality. and who lived here in the 13th century, for, as we shall observe in a later section, there are one or two documentary references to members of this family. This abode, no doubt, was_ a very primitive dwelling—house and was probably of the ‘‘mud and wattle’’ variety.

(ii) Then came the abode of the Hirsts, who lived here in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Tudor period saw the erection of a large number of dwelling—houses in our district, e.g., Newhouse Hall, built about 1550 (Ch. VI., p. 44), and also the remodelling, if not the entire rebuilding, of extant homesteads, e.g., Wood- some Hall, built about 1517 (Mr. Taylor Dyson, M.A., ‘‘History of Huddersfield and District,’’ p. 248). It is conceivable that the homestead at Gledholt now assumed the style of a Tudor mansion, for, as we shall observe later (p. 199), there are certainly traces of Elizabethan workmanship in the present building. Unfortunately, this homestead is not marked on any of the old maps of the district, e.g., on Saxton’s, Speed’s, and, in particular, on War- burton’s, circa 1700, in which Greenhead Hall is very clearly indicated.

(iti) There is very good reason to believe that John Wilkinson, the son of Matthew Wilkinson, of Greenhead Hall, who had acquired Gledholt Hall in 1686, either rebuilt or remodelled the Hall in 1720, and perpetuated the fact by placing over a doorway a tablet stone inscribed with his initials and that of the Christian name of his wife :—‘‘I.W.E., 1720.”’ John Wilkinson, in 1708, married Ellen (or Helen) Townley, the daughter of John Townley, _Esq., of Newhouse Hall, by his wife, Hellen Brooke, the younger daughter of Joshua Brooke, of Newhouse (Ch. VI., p. 79). Some of confirmation of this view is given by the late Dr. H. J. Morehouse, in a footnote to his Annotations of the ‘‘Diary of the Rev. Robert Meeke,’’ when he says that ‘‘Mr. John Wilkinson probably rebuilt the mansion at Greenhead’’ (p. 47), and it would seem from the tablet stone at Gledholt Hall that this last named building saw a remodelling about this time,

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197 ill, DESCRIPTION. OF GLEDHOLT . HALL,

As previously stated, the present Gledholt Hall possibly dates from the early or middle part of the 18th century, and certainly incorporates portions of an earlier Tudor or Jacobean building.

The Hall is L-shaped in design, and there is every reason to believe that the upright portion of the L, its Westerly end, is the older part.

The entrance gate to the Hall and grounds in the middle of the last century stood opposite what was known as Yeoman’s House.

There have been at least three entrance doorways at Gledholt Hall :-— (i) One, now closed up and replaced by a window, was on the East side. Close to it and built against the wall is a horse— mounting block which possibly dates to early 19th century days. This doorway was the entrance to the Hall when Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P. for Huddersfield, lived there; from this doorway, there was formerly an entrance passage now constituting part of the present Entrance Hall. A door on the left hand side of this passage led to the Library, while another led to a cellar.

(ii) A second entrance is on the Southern fagade where an arched pediment, supported by two stone columns, surmounts the doorway. ‘The corridor leading from this doorway has been re- moved,

(iii) A third, and, at the moment, the official entrance, is at the back of the Hall on its North side. An oak porch, reminis- cent of a lych gate, was built some years ago in front of this doorway. The latter consists of large stone blocks surmounted by a centre supporting tablet stone whereon have been cut out the initials I.W.E. and the date, 1720 (p. 196). It is possible that this doorway stood somewhere else in the building and was removed here when alterations -were effected at a later.date.. The lower stones comprising this doorway are certainly ancilznt, and contain interesting upraised decorative carving, but the upper ones are modern.

The Hall which is only two storeys high, has a facade on its Southern side similar to the one at Fixby; on the ground floor, the rooms are lighted by seven windows, four on one side of the pedimented doorway, and three on the other, while the upper storey contains eight windows. On entering the Hall by the Southern pedimented doorway, we come into a most beautifully panelled room, now used as a Dining Room, but which was the Breakfast Room when Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P., lived there. Close to the ceiling are smaller

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id

THE) PORCH. AT “GLEDHOLT «© Photo by Mr. H. Swift.

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inset panels with incised carving very similar to those in one of the upper rooms at Newhouse Hall. The panelling formerly stood on the walls of the present kitchen, which was used as a Dining Room in Mr. Crosland’s time. It was removed from its former position about 1899 by the late Colonel F. W. Beadon, V.D., for the late Mr. J. W, Piercy when he occupied the Hall. At one time there was a secret panel in this panelling. The ceiling of the Dining Room is supported by what appear, to be massive oak beams, but a closer examination shows that they have been hollowed out; these beams are most tastefully cham- fered. Unfortunately, a modern fireplace has been inserted in this Dining Room. At one time there were several other rooms in the Hall which were entirely panelled, but the panelling was subsequently removed.

A door on the left hand side of the Dining Room leads into the present kitchen, which, as previously stated, was the former Dining Room, and which was originally panelled in oak, later removed to the present Dining Room. An old oak beam ran through the chimney breast of this room; Mr, A. P. Crosland informed the writer that, on one occasion, it caught fire.

Modern cak swing—doors lead from the Dining Room to the Reception Room, which is on the right-hand side of the South entrance corridor. The overmantel of the fireplace contains a very unique: oak carving—a replica of that in the Dining Room of the Eastgate House, Rochester. It consists of four Oriental figures, while the fireplace itself is built of imitation antique bricks. } I The floors of the upstair rooms, some of which are made of oak, are most uneven in places; in one place, there are two levels; the rooms at the East end of the Hall are eighteen inches higher than those at the West end, a feature not to be found in any other mansion in our district. One of the rooms at one time was used as a school room and another as a nursery.

The back of the Hall, now its front entrance, is most inter— esting, as two of the original stone mullioned windows have been

preserved. Unfortunately, the one on the left hand side of the

porch cannot be seen from the inside of the Entrance Hall as an oak staircase, which leads to the rooms above, has been built against it. This staircase borders against a ‘‘Queen Anne’s’’ ‘window, possibly placed there in 1720,

The mullioned windows on both sides of the porch are worthy of further examination. The one on the left hand side contains four stone window frames which originally had square shaped leaded panes, but a group of three at the bottom have been replaced by two larger ones. The window on the right hand side of the porch over the cellar grating contains two stone

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THE PARELLED, ROOM

0

IN GLEDHOLE. ALL.

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mullioned frames, the upper panes have been removed and re— placed by zinc gauze, while each of the lower compartments con- tains six smaller panes.. The pantry window, also on the right of the porch, contains four stone mullioned windows, each holding 10, 2, 21, 10 square-shaped leaded panes respectively, while a vertical iron bar is fixed on the inside of one of the frames. Over all these windows is some old label moulding.

The cellars of the Hall are very interesting; originally, they extended the full length of the building, but portions have now been bricked up, while one cellar appears to have been hewn out of the solid rock and built up from the sides.

_ As previously stated, the older portion of the house is at right angles to the Hall proper. In mid—Victorian days, these rooms were used as servants’ quarters. Here, on the ground floor, were to be seen the old open fireplaces, on which, no doubt, the Hearth Tax of 1664 had been imposed; one still remains, and, by looking underneath its arch, one can see the sky above. In this part of the Hall, the walls are exceedingly massive, being 14 feet to 2 feet in places. On the ground floor are eighteen win- dows made of old-fashioned bottle green glass, some of which contain a knot, the round centre of the blown glass.

The upper storey contains the original stone mullioned win- dow frames which are to be seen on its interior only as the exterior counterparts are modern. All these six stone mullions have been papered over and varnished. The old-fashioned window seats are still in existence, and although papered over with many a coat of paper, are still most comfortabie to sit in. The transverse beams supporting the roof are massive but have been cased in deal and distempered. On the roof of this part of the Hall is a bell-tower, which, although of a later date, adds charm to the building. Mr. A. P. Crosland informs the writer that in his younger days, the old—fashioned bells, which communicated to various rooms in the Hall, ,were frequently set going by rats, which caused much consternation amongst the maids!

The gardens attached to the Hall are most tastefully laid out, in particular, the one immediately bordering the Southern facade is arranged in Italian style with ‘‘crazy’’ paving and contains a small pond. This garden, which is at a higher level than the lower one, is partitioned off by a semi-circular brick wall, which, to plagiarise the late Mr: G. W. Tomlinson’s description of the one which bordered the old Clough House, has been ‘‘mellowed by countless sunsets.’’. (Ch.. ViL.,..p, 93}.

At one time there stood two very old yew trees in the garden and an umbrella ash tree; the yew trees have since died,

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The late Mr, T. P. Crosland, J.P., of Newhouse Hall, in- formed the writer that when a young man he spent a good deal of time shooting pheasants which were very plentiful in the wood now known as T.P. Mr. Crosland further stated that there were very few houses in the district of Gledholt; his ‘‘next door’’ neighbours were the occupants of Springwood Hall and Green- head Hall.

iv. THE' STORY OF GLEDHOLT’ PREVIOUS TO 1523.

The locality gave its name to a family who lived in the vicin— ity, viz., the de Gledholts, concerning whom we have document- ary mention for a century. Hobkirk, in his ‘‘History of Hud-— dersfield’’ (Second Edition, 1869, p. 125), said that it was ‘‘a family of which, I regret to say, I can gather no further informa- tion.”’ Since his day, however, a considerable number of docu- ments has been discovered which throw light upon this family.

The de Gledholts appear to have been tenants, first, of the de Lacis, who were Lords of the Honour of Pontefract, and, secondly, of their successors, the de Cloghes, the Byrons, and the Beau- monts of Whitley.

As previously stated, a dwelling-house of some description must have existed here as far back as 1295-6, for, as far as the writer can ascertain, the first documentary reference to the locality dates to 1295-6. From the Compoti (accounts) of the Yorkshire estates of Henry de Laci, Earl of Lincoln, and Lord of the Manor of Huddersfield, compiled in those years, we gather that Johanne de Gledeholt paid sixteen pence yearly for her tenancy there. (Y.A.J., Vol. VIEL, p., 364).

Robertus de Gledholt’s name appears as one of the inhabit— ants in the Villata de Hudresfeld when the Yorkshire Lay Sub- sidy Roll was compiled in the year 1297. Whether he contributed a ninth of his goods to the National Exchequer is not known as no amount appears opposite his name as in the case of the other inhabitants whose names are recorded. As the original document is somewhat illegible, it is difficult to say whether he was a tax-— collector. (Y.L.S., p. 95, published by the Y.A.S.)

Robertus de Gledholt was a witness to a deed dated before 1297, when Annabella, widow of Sir Richard de Bellomonte, granted to Adam de Heppeworth and Alice, his wife, and their heirs, half a bovate of land and haif a parcel of meadow in the demesnes of Hudresfeld (Y.A.J., Vol. VII., p. 275),

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Gledholt is mentioned in that historic deed whereby John de Cloghes conveyed the Manor of Huddersfield to Sir Richard de Byron in 13818 :—

‘Know, present and to come, that I, John de Cloghes, dwelling in Dunkeswicke, (in the parish of Harewood), have granted, and by this my present charter, confirmed to Richard Byron, Knt., and his heires, all my messuage, and all my lands and their appurtenances that I had in the Towne of Hodresfeld and Gledholt and their Teritories. Dated at Hodresfeld, Det. 12.. 8d. 11. 168. (Dodsworth MSS... Y.A.J.,; Vol. p.

The Byrons, in the early days of the 14th century, were en- deavouring to acquire all the land possible in Huddersfield, a procedure later adopted by the Wilkinsons of Greenhead, between 1660 and 1727, and, again by the Ramsdens of Longley and of Byram Hall in the 18th and 19th centuries. The how- ever, had to encounter the competition of the de Bellomontes, later known as the Beaumonts of Whitley, who, in the same century, were pursuing a similar policy. Thus it is that the few documents relating to Gledholt during the 14th and 15th cen- turies are difficult to follow, as it is, not known what part of Gledholt was held by the Byrons and what part by the Beaumonts of Whitley.

The next document suggests that a part of Gledholt was owned by the Beaumonts of Whitley :—

On the 18th of October, 1346, Aones, ithe daughter of John de Bellomonte, gave ‘‘to Joan, the wite of John de Gledholte and William de Mirfeilde, and William, son of John de Gledholte (apparently her grandson), and the heirs of the last, all her mes- suages, lands, and tenements, with meadows, woods, pastures, and rights of common and estovers, lying in“a place called Gledholte within the bounds of Huddersfeilde; at the annual rent to the grantor and the heirs of her body of 8s. ‘at Whitsuntide and Martinmas in equal portions during: the life of the said Joan de Gledholte, the grantor’s mother, etc.’’ (Yorkshire Deeds, Vol. IV., No. 273.)

Mr. C. T. Clay, F.S.A., in his annotation of the above deed, says, in a footnote, ‘‘there is a copy in a later hand endorsed, ‘a copie of the original! deede of Gledholte.’ This document shows that Joan de Gledholte was the widow of John de Beaumont I which does not appear in the extract from Dodsworth printed in > the Yorkshire Archeological Journal, Vol. VII., p. 278.”’

The above deed, with two others relating to Gledholt, is now in the possession of Captain Basil Thornhill, Lord of the Manor of Fixby.

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PART OF PANEL IN THE PANELLED ROOM IN GLEDHOLT. HALL.

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Dodsworth transcribed the above deed (which he said he had seen in ‘‘Mr. Hanson’s Red Booke,’’) as follows :—‘‘Agnes, daughter of John de Bellomonte, gave to Jone, wife of John de Gledholt and William de Mirfeld and William, son of John de Gledholt, all the mess’. with the appurtenances which are called Gledholt in Hudresfeld paying to the said Agnes and the heires of her body lawfully begotten, 8s. yearly. I Wittnesse, John de Eland, Symon Thornhill, Kts. Dat. at Hudresfeld, 1346.’’ The reader will note a difference between the transcript of the original deed and that of Dodsworth.

John de Gledholt was a witness to a deed in 1347 which is printed in its original Latin form by Hobkirk in his ‘‘History of Huddersfield’’ (2nd Edn., p. 125); while in the Poll Tax Returns of 1379, the name of Johannes Gledhowe (possibly a copyist’s mis—spelling of the word Gledholt) is recorded as paying sixpence (a large sum of money in the days of Richard II.) and is further described as a ‘‘Taylour.’” (D. F. E. Sykes, ‘‘History of Hud- dersfield and its Vicinity,’’ p.' 86). The de Mirfields, who were related by marriage to the Beaumonts of Whitley (Y.A.J., Vol. VIII., p. 502, and Mr. Taylor Dyson’s ‘History of Huddersfield,’’? pp. 289-290), now appear as land—holders at Gledholt, and, judging from the sub-— stance of subsequent documents, they also seem to have been desirous of increasing their possessions in this locality, for, on Whit—Monday, 1400, Margery, late wife of John de Flynthill, granted to Adam de Mirfield ‘‘her messuage and all her lands and tenements called Gleidholt in Hudersfeld, with woods, meadows,

demesnes, &c., commodities and easements both above and below ground.”’ (¥.D. 1V., 274,)

The Poll Tax Raids of 1379 give the name of Johannes de Mirfield and Agnes, his wife, who paid 2/0 tax—the largest amount in the Returns, while he is described as a ‘‘Marchant.’’ (D. F. E. Sykes, ‘‘History of Huddersfield and its Vicinity,”’ p. 86.) But the Beaumonts of Whitley and the Byrons both continued to hold land in the vicinity of Gledholt under the overlordship ot the Crown as the Manor of Huddersfield had reverted to the Crown after the rebellion of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, in 1322. In 1424, when the Rental of Pontefract was compiled, we find the following interesting entries :— (i) Beaumond holds lands and tenements in Hoderesfeld lately John de. Gledeholte’s, and pays yearly at the (Michzlmas) term, eight pence.’’

(ii) ‘‘John Biron, knight, holds lands and tenements there, lately, John Biron’ S his grandfather and pays yearly at the same term, eight pence.’ (“‘Thoresby Society Publications,’’ Vol. AXVI., p, 256).

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The competition between the Beaumonts and the Byrons for the acquisition of land in Huddersfield continued for many years, for, in 1430, ‘‘Sir John Byron, Kt., exchanged land in Hodresfeld with Richard Beaumont,’’ (Dodsworth MSS., Y.A.J., VII., p. 279), while arbitration over disputed lands in Hudresfeld took place between Sir John Byron and Richard Beaumont in the same year (Ibid, p. 280). me A perusal of old deeds relating to the Manor of Huddersfield printed by the Yorkshire Archeological Society, reveals the fact that on the 8rd of May, 1431, William Schage of Gledholt was a witness to a deed (Y.D., Vol. I., p. 429). This is the first appearance of the Shaws of Gledholt, and for some two centuries they seem to have lived in this locality (p. 213). The publication of the Fixby Deeds by the Yorkshire Archeological Society has revealed an interesting reference to Gledholt which is rather mystifying :—

‘‘On the 9th of December, 1445, Joan Schgh (Shaw ?) shewed ‘me’ this charter at Hodirsfeld when Gledholt was divided be- tween Byron and ‘me’ :—viz.: a grant dated 4 Henry IV. (1402-3) by Adam Mirfeld to William Netilton of a moiety of Gledholt with three acres of meadow in the meadow of Hodirsfeld and a rent of 30d. from the land and tenements of William Lyntwayte at the annual rent of 24s."’ 275).

Unfortunately, this unique deed, which, somehow or other, has found its way amongst, the Archives of Captain Basil Thornhill, Lord of the Manor of Fixby, gives no clue as to who the ‘‘me”’ refers. Three facts, however, emerge from a perusal of this deed. :— I I (i) The mention of the words ‘‘a moiety of Gledholt,’’ confirms the suggestion previously made, that the locality in 1402-3, was divided into two parts, one held by the Byrons and the other by ‘‘me,’’ whoever ‘‘he’’ was. (ii) Adam Mirfield held lands here in the early part of the 15th century until he made a grant to William Netilton.

(iii) The Shaws were also holders of land, possibly as tenants of either the Byrons or the Beaumonts of Whitley.

The writer, after a careful consideration of the matter, is inclined to think that the ‘‘me’’ mentioned in the deed of 1408, was probably one of the Beaumonts of Whitley, perhaps, Henry de Beaumont.

The de Mirfields continued to hold land here for several years as the following extract from the Dodsworth MSS. proves (Y.A.J., Vol. VII., p. 128) :— “Oliver Mirfield, Sqwyer, died 1461, first, I will that all my ffeoffees that are enfeoffed in all my lordships, lands, tenements,

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in the townes of Mirfield, Dighton, Gleydeholt, Egerton, &c., with their appurtenances, make an estate of them all to William Mirfield, my sonne, and to his heires of his body begotten,’’ (from William Bcooth’s ‘‘Register of Wills’’).

Between 1461 and 1523, the writer has not been able, as yet, to find any documents which throw any light upon the locality. It is not desirable to speculate as to what happened to the ‘‘towne’’ of Gledholt during those sixty-two years. It is not known how the Hirsts, who subsequently owned land at Gledholt, acquired their estates.

Vv.

THE OWNERS OF GLEDHOLT FROM 1523 TO 1932.

It seems that before 1523, a family of Hirsts was seated at Gledholt and that they owned a considerable amount of land in the vicinity of the homestead. The Hirsts continued to hold the estate till 1686. An account of the four generations of this family who dwelt at Gledholt will be given in the next section (p. 211).

On the 10th of August, 1686, the mansion at Gledholt was conveyed by John Hirst to Ralph Wood who -mortgaged it to Matthew Wilkinson of Greenhead on the 25rd of September of that year. Matthew Wilkinson had previously resided at Hall about the year 1655.

Both Gledholt and Greenhead remained in the possession of the male branch of the Wilkinsons of Greenhead till 1736 when John Wilkinson the son of John Wilkinson I. and the grandson of the above Matthew Wilkinson, died.

The two estates then reverted to the nephew of John Wilkinson II., Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., of Denby Grange, whose mother, Bllen Wilkinson, was the sister of John Wilkinson II.

A portion of the Gledholt estates was sold in 1783 by Sir John Lister Kaye to Mr. John Battye of Crosland Hill Manor House. — It still remains in the possession of his many times great—nephew, Captain Lionel Richard James Scholefield Battye.

Sir John Lister Kaye held the remainder of his property until his death on the 27th of December, 1789. He died unmarried but left his estates to his illegitimate son. (‘‘Dugdale’s Visitation of Yorkshire, Edition,’’ J. ‘a Clay, p. 78). Litigation subsequently ensued, and, as a result, both the Gledholt and Greenhead estates were placed in Chancery.

The Court of Chancery ordered the sale of both these estates which took place on the 28th of May, 1804, at the old George Hotel. The two estates were bought by two cousins, Messrs.

Benjamin and as Haigh.

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THE

208

RECEPTION ROOM IN

GLEDHOLT

HALL.

I

I I

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Mr. Benjamin Haigh purchased both Halls and the lands in their vicinity for £9,950 while Mr. Joseph Haigh bought what was later known as the Springwood Estate for £1,560. The price per acre was £144.

The late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson said he had a catalogue of this

_ Sale and in the ‘‘Huddersfield Parish Church Magazine’’ for March

1886, reproduced the essential details :-—

I Ay mais £ Lot 1. The House called Greenhead and adjoining Land... 19—1—82 = 4400 Land on L1I—2—18 1600

oe 210 ree 8 = 766 AP 61-94 669-81 13-139 1100 61. 9365 <a Fk 636

7?

Benjamin Haigh

AD Dr no

—— Joseph Haigh

. Total area 84—0— £11,510

Mr. Benjamin Haigh had previously lived at Gledholt as a tenant of Sir John Lister Kaye and continued to live there till his death in 1811. According to the late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson of the Huddersfield Subscription Library, 1807,’ page 48), Mr. Benjamin Haigh bequeathed the Gledholt property to his nephew, Mr. John Allen, the son of his sister, Martha Haigh who had married Mr. Thomas Allen and who then resided at Greenhead Hall (see Pedigree of the Haighs of Gledholt, p. 219), but, accord— ing to some documents in the Archives of the Corporation, Mr.

John Allen appears to have enjoyed the possession of Gledholt

during his life-time and paid a nominal rent of £10 per annum.

Greenhead Hall was devised to the other nephew of Mr. Benjamin

Haigh, Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen, the founder of Holy Trinity

Church.

Mr. John Allen, of Gledholt, died on the 7th of January, 1830,

and after this date, the property at Gledholt appears to have

reverted by purchase, or otherwise, to the Trustees of the late Benjamin Haigh Allen, one of whom was his son, Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen II., of Longcroft Hall, near Lichfield. In the subse- quent deeds to be found in the "Archives of the Huddersfield Corporation, both Halls are again included in the Gledholt- Greenhead estates.

On the Ist of November, 1848, the Trustees of the Estates of the late Benjamin Haigh Allen of Greenhead Hall sold the Gledholt— Greenhead estates to the Trustees of the late Sir John William Ramsden, Bart., for £20,005 9s. 7d. (Isaac Hordern’s MS. Diary).

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210

Gledholt Hall remained in the possession of the Ramsdens till September, 1920, when, along with the other Ramsden estates in Huddersfield, it was sold by Sir John Frechville Ramsden, Bart., (son of the above Sir J. W. Ramsden) to the Huddersfield Corpora— tion. Mr. George A. Crowther, who had been the tenant at Gledholt Hall from the 1st of October, 1913, purchased it from the Huddersfield Corporation on the 26th of August, 1923. In 1930, Mr. Crowther left Huddersfield and the Hall remained un-— occupied for nearly two years. On April 9th, 1932, it was pur- chased by its present owner, Dr. J. Raffan from Mr. -G. A. Crowther,

=

THE -CARVED MANTELPIECE -IN. THE ; RECEPTION ROOM OF GLEDHOLT HALL.

Page 23

211

Vi. THE Ss At GLEDHOUT.

It has already been stated that a family of Hirsts lived at Gledholt in 1523 (p. 207). We learn from the Subsidy Roll com— piled in the year 1528, when King Henry VIII. waged war upon France that John Hirst de Gledholtt paid 5/0 tax on Goods assessed at £10 Os. Od. (Y.A.J., Vol. II., p. 51). This suggests that John Hirst was a merchant and that his goods rather than his lands were scheduled for taxation.

Gledholt is not mentioned in the Subsidy Roll of 1546 when Henry VIII. again declared war on France in that year but the name of Johes Hirst is recorded as paying four pence on Lands assessed-at £2 Os. Od. (‘‘Thoresby Society’s Publications,’’ Vol. XI., pp. 106, 351). It is quite likely that the John Hirst who paid the tax in 1546 was the same individual who paid this tax in 15238 for there was but an interval of twenty-three years between the compilation of the two Rolls.

The homestead is not mentioned in the Lay Subsidy Roll compiled in 1570-71 (p. 193), but in that compiled in 1588 (p. 194), when Queen Elizabeth required money at the time of the threatened Armada invasion, the name of Arthur Hurste is given as paying 4/0 tax on Goods assessed at 30/—. His place of abode is not recorded but a consultation of the Huddersfield Parish Church Registers for the years 1566 to 1600 informs us that Arthur Hirst was living at Gledholt in 1588.

The following extracts from the Parish Church Registers give us details concerning Arthur Hirst’s family.

‘8 August 1566, John, son of Arthur Hirst of Gledholt was baptised March 1567, Elizabeth, daughter ,, 5 March 1569, Rosanna, daughter _,, ‘i Oct. 1574, Susanna, daughter. _ ,, ss 9 Dec. 15765 "Witttam; 3 ne Aug. 1582, Michael, son 5 + ‘9 Aug. 1585, Thomas, son 53 yy Feb. 1587, Margarita, daughter ,, ig ola

DM Wow

From the Parish Church Registers, too, we learn that Arthur Hirst of Gledholt married twice, his first wife, Jenetta, died on the 16th of December, 1594. On the 9th of July, 1598, he married Elizabeth Haigh. Arthur Hirst is also mentioned in the Subsidy Roll compiled in the year 1603 when he is recorded as having paid 4/0 tax on Lands assessed at £1 10s. Od. and is described as ‘‘Arthur Hirste de Gleadholt.’’ (p. 193).

Page 24

212

THE WALK SHOWING THE CIRCULAR BRICK WALL IN. THE GARDEN. AT GLEDHOL? HALL,

Page 25

218

John Hirst, the elder son of the above Arthur Hirst succeeded his father at Gledholt. From the Subsidy Roll compiled in 1620, we learn that he paid 2/8 tax on Lands assessed at £2 Os. Od. but the place of his abode is not stated.

The next of this family concerning whom we have any docu-— mentary mention is Arthur Hirst, presumably the grandson of the above John Hirst. In 1664, he paid tax on four hearths at Gledholt when the Hearth Tax was imposed upon the inhabitants of this district. (D. F. E. Sykes, ‘‘History of Huddersfield and District,”’ p. 183). Gledholt Hall was then a fairly large dwelling house although not so large as the Clough House or Newhouse Hall. Up till 1932, some of the original hearths on which the taxes were imposed in 1664 were still in existence. I

Greenhead Hall was also owned or occupied by a family of Hirsts who lived here from 1523 (if not before) till 1650. There seems to have been originally some connection between the two families of Hirst but it is doubtful whether the precise relationship will ever be discovered. The Hirsts of Greenhead were compelled to leave their ancestral home owing to the heavy fine which was imposed upon them by the Commonwealth authorities for having supported Charles I. during the Civil War.

The Hirsts of Gledholt were also compelled to part with their property in the vicinity some twenty years after the Hirsts of Greenhead had left the district. The real reason is not known, it is possible that they may have ‘‘struck upon bad times’’ and were compelled to sell their estates.

From 1663 to 1686, we find that the Hirsts of Gledholt were either mortgaging their property in Gledholt or conveying portions to other persons. A study of the Archives of the Huddersfield Corporation tells the story of their plight during these years :—

On the 2nd of January, 16638, Arthur Hirst of Gledholt con— veyed lands and property to Robert Wood, of Wakefield, described as a ‘‘Linen Draper,’’ and also to Samuel Hoile, also of Wakefield, described as a ‘‘yeoman,’’ as a Jointure for Alice Smith, of New Laithe, wife of the said Arthur Hirst.’’ Twenty-four days later, on the 26th of January, 1663, he mortgaged lands in Gledholt to Edmund Shaw, ‘‘a botcher of Huddersfield.’’ In 1667, he con— veyed lands at Paddock Foot to the same Edmund Shaw. On July 16th, 1673, he conveyed lands at Gledholt to Nicholas Greaves while on the 4th of August of the same year, he leased some premises at Gledholt to the said Nicholas Greaves for a term of twenty-one years. Arthur Hirst appears to have died shortly after this date for we find no further mention of his name in later documents.

John Hirst, the eldest son of the above Arthur Hirst and Alice Smith, conveyed property to Matthew Wilkinson of Greenhead on

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214

the 4th of November, 1674. Matthew Wilkinson had already been seated at Greenhead Hall since 1655, and, for nearly thirty years, we find him acquiring estates in the vicinity of both Greenhead and Gledholt. On the 22nd May, 1676, further lands at Gledholt were conveyed by Nicholas Greaves and John Hirst to Matthew Wilkinson. In 1682, John Hirst and his mother, Alice, were endeavouring to retrieve the fortunes of the family, but, on the 28th of January, 1686, Arthur and William Hirst (also sons of the above Arthur Hirst) conveyed a messuage at Gledholt to Matthew Wilkinson. On the 10th of August of that year, the mansion at Gledholt was conveyed by John Hirst to Ralph Wood who mort-— gaged it to Matthew Wilkinson on the 23rd of September of that year. Luke Shaw, son of the above ‘“‘botcher,’’ mortgaged the farm at Marsh, which he had obtained from Arthur Hirst, to Matthew Wilkinson.

Thus, in this tragic manner, it came about that the Hirsts of Gledholt parted with their property to Matthew Wilkinson of Greenhead. From 1686 to 1804, and again from 1830 to 1982, the

property in this part of Huddersfield was known as the Giedholt—_

Greenhead estates.

The writer has endeavoured to compile a pedigree of the Hirsts of Gledholt from the extracts in the Huddersfield Parish Church Registers which were originally transcribed by the late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson and which are to be found in his MS. Book at the Huddersfield Public Library.

Page 27

eee

THE HIRSTS OF GLEDHOLT.

John Hirst (mentioned in the Subsidy Roll of 1523).

Arthur Hirst=(i) Jenetta, d. 16 Dec., 1594 (mentioned in the =(ii) Elizabeth Haigh, Subsidy Roll of 1603) m. July 9, 1598

I

I William Hirst I George

I George Hirst

I Edward

I

Elizabeth, bp. Mar., 1567

Susannah,

bp. Oct., 1574

Rosanna,

John Hirst, bp. Mar., 1569

bp. 8 Aug., 1566

(mentioned in the Subsidy Roll of 1620)

I John Hirst, bp. 28 Jan., 1598 3

I I Grace Hirst, Arthur Hirst, bp. 4 May, bp. 3 April, 1623 1625

Arthur Hirst, bp. 10 Mar., 1654

= Alice Smith, of New Laithe

William Hirst,

Sarah bp. 9 May, 1657

we: 2 Dec., 1649

William, Michael, bp. 5 Aug., 1582

tenes

Margarita, bp. 28 Feb., 1587

Thomas, bp. 8 Aug., 1585

215

William, bp. Mar., 1606 John, bp. 13 Mar., 1607 Elizabeth, bp. 24 June, 1610 Grace, bp. 25 July, 1613 Emma, bp. 5 May, 1616

Anne, Martha,

bp. 20 April, 1660

bp. 25 May, 1663

ae

Thomas, bp. 10 Mar., 1610 John, bp. 26 Mar., 1614 Grace, bp. 3 April, 1625

Charles, bp. 7 Jan., 1665.

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216

vii. THE TENANTS AT GLEDHOLT, 1686-1750. —

From 1686, the date of the mortgage of Gledholt Hall to Matthew Wilkinson, till the middle of the 18th century, it is very difficult to state who lived at the Hall.

Matthew Wilkinson, now its owner, lived at Greenhead and let the homestead at Gledholt to tenants. There seems good reason to believe that a branch of the Hirsts continued to live in the district as tenants of Matthew Wilkinson, but, whether at the Hall, or in its vicinity, it is impossible to determine.

From the Huddersfield Parish Church Registers, we gather that on the 16th of January, 1695, Mary, the daughter of William Hirst of Gledholt, was baptised, and, that on the 11th of March, 1719, Martha, the daughter of Thomas Hirst, was baptised at the Parish Church.

The last Register which we have concerning the Hirsts of Gledholt is the baptism of Dorothy, daughter of Mr. Hirst of Gledholt on the Ist January, 1756.

An interesting reference to the Hirsts of Gledholt 1s to be found in Foster’s of the Radcliffes’’ (Vol. II.), where we learn that Abigail Radcliffe, baptised on the 29th of June, 1723, the daughter of William Radcliffe, the great-grandfather of Sir Joseph Radcliffe, of Milnsbridge House, married for her first husband, ‘‘the Reverend John Hirst Hurst) of Gledholt, near Hudders— field.’’ (Quoted by Mr. W. Tomlinson in ‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription re 100M, on, a

It was during this period that the Hall was rebuilt as is shown by the tablet stone over the doorway on the north side of the house, while there seems reason to believe that previous to its occupation by the Haighs of Petty Royd, the homestead was divided into two dwelling houses.

From 17380 to 1748, a family of Haighs (not apparently the same as those who came there later (see p. 218) lived at Gledholt, but, whether at the Hall, or in the vicinity, is not definitely known. The Huddersfield Parish Church Registers contain ne following references to this family :—

‘‘S May 1730, William, son of John Haigh of Gledholt was 13 April 1729, Mary, daughter of 27 April 1787, Joseph, son of 10 March 1741, Martha, daughter of 3 27 May 1748, Anne, daughter of yp ea ee (G. W. Tomlinson, MS. Book).

) )

) +)

Page 29

217

PART: OF “GARDEN IN’ FRONT OF I +) GLEDHOLT HALL.

Page 30

918 Vill. THE HAIGHS AT GLEDHOLT HALL.

At some date in the middle of the 18th century, Thomas Haigh took up his residence at Gledholt Hall as the tenant of Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., of Denby Grange, who had succeeded to the Gledholt—Greenhead estates.

Thomas Haigh was the youngest son of Haigh, of Petty Royds, a small farmstead above the Longwood Reservoir. He was born in 1729, and died on the 16th of March, 1809. He was succeeded at the Hall by his eldest son, Benjamin Haigh, who later was one of the co—purchasers of the Gledholt—Greenhead estates in 1804. Benjamin Haigh lived at Gledholt Hall till the year of his death in 1811.

A tablet to the memory of Thomas and Haigh can be seen in the Huddersfield Parish Church on the East Wall of the Chancel, near the East Window. It also records the names of the various members of this family who resided at Gledholt :— ©

Memory of Thomas Haigh, Esqre., of Gledholt, who departed This life the 16th of March, 1809, Aged 80 years; And Sarah, his wife, who died January 16th, 1797, Aged 65 years. Also of Haigh, Esqre., of Gledholt, their son, Who departed this life December 4th, 1811, In the 57th year of his age; And John Haigh, Esqre., their son, who died July 6th, 1788, aged 31; I The remains of whom are interred in this Chancel.”’ Benjamin Haigh was born in 1755, and, as stated on the memorial tablet, died at Gledholt in 1811. The late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson, in his ‘‘Account of the Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library, 1807,’’ states that the two cousins, Joseph and Benjamin Haigh, ‘ ‘carried on the business established by their fathers under the old name and raised it to position of first rate importance’’ (p. 46).

As has already been stated, the two cousins, Benjamin and

Joseph Haigh, purchased both the Gledholt and Greenhead estates in 1804.

After the death of Mr. Benjamin Haigh in (811, the business was carried on by Mr. Vance, M.P. for Dublin, and by his name the premises of the old firm were known while ‘“‘the Haighs and their belongings have now entirely disappeared from the town, where they once played so conspicuous a part.’’ (G. W. Tomlin—

son, loc. cit., p. 48).

Page 31

Tue PEDIGREE or tore HAIGHS OF PETTY ROYDS, anp LaTER oF GLEDHOLT AND SPRINGWOOD.

Thomas Haigh, of Petty Royds

I

Benjamin Haigh, b. 1696, d. 1751

Thomas Haigh (ancestor of the Haighs of Marsden)

John Haigh, b. 1718, d. 29 Sept., 1797 =Grace Ellis, d. 8 March, 1795, Aged 70

I I I I Joseph Haigh, of Springwood Mary Haigh =John Haigh I b. 1765, d. 4 Aug., 1835 Elizabeth Haigh= (i)Thomas West = Emilia, dau. of William (i1i)Thomas Allen Fenton, of Spring Grove, Sarah Haigh = Daniel Haigh d. March, 1860, Aged 84

||| Eliza = Rev. Thomas Croker Emily = Major Croker Maria=J. Keilby Anna, d. 1828, Aged 15

(i) Thomas (ii) William b. 1746 d. 27 June, 1794

I

John Haigh b. 1805, d. 6 Sept., 1837 Maria, dau. of William Ward, Esgq., of Aldershot

Reginald Haigh d. 1838

Louisa Haigh, m. 1853 = Sir Edward Lechmere

Benjamin Haigh Allen of Greenhead (See pedigree of the Allens

Thomas Haigh, of Gledholt, b. 1729, d. 16 March, 1809 =Sarah Ellis, d. 16 Jan., 1797, Aged 65

I I Benjamin Haigh, John Haigh of Gledholt b. 1757 b. 1755 d. 6 July,

d. 4 Dec., 1811

I Martha Haigh

b. 26 Jan., 1761 d. 24 June, 1804 = Thomas Allen of Finthorp, Almondbury, and of Greenhead Haigh

I I John Allen

Gledholt of Gledholt and Greenhead, p. 222)

219

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220

1X. THE ALLENS AT GLEDHOLT HALL.

In 1811, Mr. Thomas Allen, and his second wife, Elizabeth Haigh, sister of Joseph Haigh, left Greenhead Hall and took up their residence at Gledholt. Mr. Thomas Allen was the only son of John Allen of Finthorpe, Almondbury, and of Susannah Scott, the daughter of Joseph Scott of Woodsome by Margaret Rockley, his wife. He was born in 1752 and married, first, Martha Haigh, the daughter of Thomas Haigh, and after her death, he married her cousin, Elizabeth Haigh, then the widow of Thomas West and the sister of Joseph Haigh of Springwood Hall (see Pedigree of the Haighs, p. 219). Mr. Allen died on the 28rd of May, 1828, at the age of 76 years. He was buried at the Almondbury Parish Church where a monument to his memory can be seen on the North Wall of the Chancel :—

‘‘Sacred to the Memory of Martha, the wife of Thomas Allen, late of Finthorpe, but now of Greenhead and only daughter of Thomas Haigh, Esq., of Gledholt in the Parish of Huddersfield, who departed this life on the 24th day of June, 1804, aged 48 years, leaving issue, viz., Susannah, Sarah, Benjamin Haigh, and John with an affectionate husband to lament her loss. Thomas, eldest son of the said Thomas and Martha, died the 25th day of June, 1788, aged 1 year, and 9 months. Also the above-named Thomas Allen, who departed this life, at Gledholt, on the 23rd of May, 1828, aged 76 years.’’ Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen, the eldest surviving son of Mr. Thomas Allen married Sarah Whitacre, one of the daughters of John Whitacre III. of Woodhouse on the Ist of November, 1814, and took up his residence at Greenhead Hall.

Mr. John Allen, the second son of the above Mr. Thomas Allen, continued to live at Gledholt. He married Sarah Brooke, the daughter of Mr. William Brooke of Armitage Bridge and the aunt of the late Sir John Arthur Brooke. He died in 1830 at the early age of thirty-five years; his brother, Mr. Benjamin Haigh Allen also died at an early age in 1829. Mrs. John Allen, the widow of John Allen, lived for many years and was a benefactress to Holy Trinity Church up till the time of her death on the 23rd of December, 1884.

By his wife, Mr. John Allen had two daughters, Hannah Allen, (b. 1823, d. 18638), and Sarah Allen, (b. 1828, d. 1848), and one son, Thomas Allen, who was born in 1826. Mr. Thomas Allen was a strong supporter of Holy Trinity Church. The Rev. A. S. Weatherhead, M.A., in his ‘‘History of Holy Trinity Church,”’

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says that Mr. Allen ‘‘was unable to take up any business or pro— fession, but he was known to all as a kindly visitor and friend’”’ (p. 85). He died at Cape Town in 1899 at the age of 73 years.

A memorial tablet to the Allens of Gledholt in the Chancel of Holy Trinity Church records the following details :—

‘‘Sacred to the memory of John Allen, late of Gledholt, who entered into rest, January 7th, 1880, aged 35 years. Also of Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah Allen who departed this life, January 29th, 1843. Also of Hannah, daughter of John and Sarah Allen who departed this life, July 28th, 1863 (at Scarborough). Also of Sarah Allen, who died at West Place, on the 23rd of December, — 1884, aged 81 years, (widow of the above John Allen). Also of Thomas, son of John and Sarah Allen, who died at Cape Town, March 14th, 1899, aged 73. years.”’

Further references to the Allens of Gledholt and Greenhead will be made in the forthcoming chapter on Greenhead Hall (Ch. XIV.), in particular, the biography of Benjamin Haigh Allen, of Greenhead Hall, the Founder of Holy Trinity Church, will be given. Annexed is a pedigree of the Allens of Chapeltown, Fin— thorpe, Gledholt, Greenhead, &c., and their successors. The pedigree was originally compiled by Eastwood, in his ‘‘History of Ecclesfield’”? and by Hallam in his ‘‘Hallamshire.’’ It was repro— duced in a narrative form by the late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson, in his ‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library, 1807.’’ It has now been brought up—to—date by the writer who desires to express his most grateful thanks to Brigadier—General A. J. Whitacre Allen, of ‘‘The Firs,’’ Charing, Kent, to Mrs. E. K. Spencer of Winchester, and to Mrs. M. Curtler, ‘‘Inchmery,’’ Worcester, for their most valuable assistance in this connection. 3

Page 34

The PEDIGREE of the ALLENS of Chapeltown, Sheffield; Finthorpe, Almondbury ; Greenhead, Huddersfield; Clifford Priory, Hereford; Cheltenham and of Charing,

(i)

Gledholt and Kent.

John ae of Windmill Hill, b. 1686, d. 1725 Thomas Allen of Chapeltown, d. 1722—(i) Gertrude Steade és I =(ii) line Middleton, of sige i ii

I Thomas Allen

ace dau. of Joseph Scott of Almondbury,

Thomas Allen, of Finthorpe, Almondbury, b. 9 Jan., 1752,

I I Sarah Allen=The Rev. John Carver and of Margaret Rockley, bp. 1727, m. 1758 of Whitson d. 23 May, 1828 =(i) Martha, dau. of Thomas Haigh and of Sarah Ellis, b. 26 ‘Sin. 1761, d. 24 June, 1804 =(ii) Elizabeth, dau. of John Haigh and of Grace Ellis, then the widow of Thomas West, b. 1754, d. 1841

I I I Susannah Susan

=John Haigh =Junius Smith _ b. 1786

d. 25 Jan., 1788

Thomas Allen

I é I Benjamin Haigh Allen— Sarah, =The Rev. Edward Acton Davies John Allen of Greenhead Hall dau. of John of Gledholt Hall, b. 30 Mar., 1793 Whitacre, of b. 7 Sept., 1794 and of Hannah Clap- m. I Nov., 1814 Paes ae d. 7 Jan., 1830 ham, his wife d.10 May, 1829 Hall, d. 1865 b. 1804

d. 23 Dec., 1884 I John Edward Davies

=Sarah, dau. of William Brooke, of Honley, =

bQ

I Benjamin Haigh Allen=(i) Mary Sophia, of Clifford Priory, dau. of the Rev. Herefordshire H. W. Champneys b. 3 July, 1821 d. 29 Feb., 1892 m. 7 Oct., 1845 (ii) Mary Elizabeth, d. 7 Mar., 1902 dau. of Edmund Worthington

A

John Whitacre Allen=Eliza, dau. of the Caroline Allen Annie Allen Sarah Allen of Cheltenham —=The Rev. d, in infancy b. 4 July, 1828 b. 22 April, 1822 W. P. H. d. 12 April, 1884 m. 18 Sept., 1851 Hutehinson =The Rev. Hamilton d. 26 Jan., 1906 Kingsford b. 13 July, 1831 d. 22 Jan., 1914 I

ase I

I I I

Rey. James William Whiteside and of Eliza Hime b. 22 April, 1830 d. 20 June, 1918

issue

I I I CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE Hannah Allen Thomas Allen

Sarah Allen b. 1828 d. 29 Jan., 1843

[Cc

b. 1823 d. 28 July, 1863

b. 1822 d. 14 Mar., 1899

ce art art ea

Page 35

SO tn eR

(i) I Mary Lucy Allen m. 27 Feb., 1878 d. 4 Jan., 1897

3 =John Knowles

of Darnall Hall

A I (i)

Emily Kate Allen m. 13 Apl., 1887

Alfred James Allen=(i) Mary Emily, dau. of Spencer, M.A. of “‘ The Firs,’’ Charing, Lieut.-Gen. Sir John d. 26 Jan., 1910 Kent (Brigadier General) Hudson, K.C.B. b. 7 Nov., 1857 b. 3 March, 1860

—Rev. Gerald Leigh

Kate Mary Leigh Spencer—Anthony Richard

m. 18 Aug., 1915

Neligan, M.D.

I Gerald Anthony Neligan b. 3 Feb., 1919

Kitty Joy Neligan b. 28 Mar., 1923

Margaret Leigh Spencer Lilian Leigh Spencer

I I m. (i) 8 Jan., 1889 d. 17 Sept., 1913 (ii) 11 Feb., 1915

(ii) Violet Mary Stella, dau. of Thomas Aldworth, Esq.

Harriette Geraldine Allen Edith Lily Whiteside Allen

I I John Frederick Whitacre Allen Eric Hudson Allen (Major) b. 26 March, 1890 (Lieut.-Col.) b. 6 May, 1894 m. 7 August, 1919 m. 17 Jan., 1922 dau. of Alexander dau. of George

Bell, Esq. Sloan, Esq.

Betty Rosemary Whitacre Allen Eve Mary Allen b. 16 Oct., 1921

Mary Mignonne Viola Whitacre Allen b. 22 Jan. 1916

Thomas James Whiteside Allen b. 1 Mar. 1918

I Margaret Allen Kingsford b. 5 April, 1867 Thomas Curtler m. 6 Oct., 1891 d. 27 Feb., 1934

(i) Walter Lawrence Curtler

b. 2 Jan., 1893 4ii) Francis Martin Curtler b. 7 Aug., 1894:

(iii) Thomas Hamilton Curtler

b. 25 April, 1896 d. 7 Aug., 1907

I Beatrice Allen b. 9 Jan., 1863

I I I Madeline Hamilton Kingsford Hamilton Bruce Kingsford b. 2 Sept., 1864 b. 18 Aug., 1868 m. 11 Feb., 1886 =The Rev. Charles Chaytor of Worcester d. 29 Nov., 1930

Gertrude Kingsford b. I Dec., 1869 m. 4 Aug., 1892 —Edward Mylius d. 9 Jan., 1930

bo bo l cs Isabel Kingsford . b. 1 Dec., 1869

I

Madeline Mary Chaytor Helen Alice Chaytor

div) Gerald Arthur Gale Curtler

b. 1 April, 1909

I I Charles John Chaytor § Alban Kingsford Chaytor b. 24 Oct.,. 1891 d. of wounds, 26 May, 1915

John Kingsford Mylius b. 19 July, 1895 d. of wounds, 12 Oct., 1916

I

Edward Noel Mylius

b. 25 Dec., 1897 m. Sept., 1933 Isabel Nancy

Page 36

224

T. P. GROSLAND, 1815—1868.

Page 37

THE TENANTS AT GLEDHOLT HALL, 1830—1923.

_ After the death of Mr. John Allen in 1830, the Hall was let to tenants, for his widow appears to have removed to West Place.

It is difficult to state precisely who occupied the Hall from 1830 to 1848, as the Archives of the Huddersfield Corporation do not give the names of the tenants until 1848, when the Gled— holt—Greenhead estates were purchased by the late Sir John William Ramsden, Bart.

Canon Bateman, speaking at a meeting of the Church In- stitute at old Gymnasium Hall, on the 10th of November, 1862, said that ‘‘he remembered the time when Mr. Ramsden lived at Gledholt.’’ As Canon Bateman was. the Vicar of Huddersfield from 1840 to 1855, it would seem that Mr. Ramsden (concerning whom the writer has not. been able to obtain any information) must have lived at Gledholt Hall in the early forties of the last century, (a) Mr. WILLIAM BROOK.

The first occupant of Giedholt Hall mentioned in the Archives of the Corporation is Mr. Wiiliam Brook, the son of Henry and Martha Brook. He died at Geneva in 1845. A tablet to his memory can be seen in the Huddersfield Parish Church :—

‘“In memory cf Brook, of Gledholt, Esquire, a Magistrate for the West Riding, who died at Geneva, on the 29th of October, 1845, aged 55 years, and was interred in a vault on the North side of the Church.’’

His widow continued to live at the Hall till 1852.

(b) Mr. T. P.. M.P,

On the first of November, 1852, Mr. Thomas Pearson Crosland, afterwards M.P. for Huddersfield from 1865 to 1868, became the tenant at Gledholt.

Mr. T. P. Crosland was the eldest son of Mr, George Crosland, Woollen Cloth Manufacturer at Crosland Moor, and of Mary Ann Pearson, his first wife, daughter of Thomas Pearson, Esq., of Crosland Hill. He was born on the 29th of December, 1815, and died at Gledholt Hall on the 8th of March, 1868.

He was one of the original members of the Huddersfield Improvement Commissioners, the body which governed the town before it becanfe incorporated into a Borough in. 1868. He was appointed a J.P. in 185%’; in 1864, Deputy Lieutenant of the West Riding. In 1860, he became Captain of the 2nd Company of the

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996

West Yorks. Volunteers; he was appointed to the command of the Battalion in 1862, and received his commission as Major; while in 1864, he was made Lieut.—Colonel when the Battalion was increased by another Company. Among his other public activities, he was a member of the Waterworks Commission, a Director of the Huddersfield Banking Company, and President of the Chamber of Commerce in 1863.

In politics, Mr. Crosland, as a young man, was a Liberal. When Lord John Russell proposed to endow the Roman Catholic Clergy in Ireland, Mr. W. R. C. Stansfield, then M.P. for Hud- dersfield, was requested by a number of his constituents not to vote for this measure; he refused to comply with this request, and his attitude afterwards cost him his seat. Mr. Crosland sup— ported Mr. Stansfield in his action, and later called himself a Liberal—Conservative. In the Parliamentary Election of July, 1865, Mr. Crosland contested the Borough of Huddersfield as a Liberal-Conservative, and defeated the sitting member, Mr. E. A. Leatham, by 232 votes. The voting was as follows :—

1. PF. ... A ue 1019 Leatham,. BE Ac (hi) Wa a 187

The polling took place on Thursday, July 13th, 1865, and the booth was open from 8-0 a.m. till 440 p.m. A wooden erection was set up in the middle of St. George’s Square, and here the voters recorded their votes, announcing publicly the candidate they wished to support. In that year, voting by ballot was not in existence. Cabs and omnibuses were used to bring the voters to the poll. Towards noon, feeling began to run very high, and just before 2-O p.m. rowdyism commenced. Cabs conveying voters were attacked while passing John William Street, and street fighting began. ‘‘Brick bats and sticks were as thick in the air as blackberries in September.’’ The local police were powerless, and, eventually, Mr. George Armitage, the Chairman of the Magistrates, read the Riot Act from some steps at the top of St. Peter’s Street. He also went to the International Telegraph Office, then in Westgate, and wired for drafts of police from Halifax, Wakefield, Dewsbury and Brad- ford, while troops of cavalry and infantry had to be requisitioned to restore order. ‘‘There were many broken heads treated at the Infirmary that afternoon.’’ Later, the crowd quietened down and when the Scots Greys arrived at 6-0 p.m., their services were not very much needed. There were many people about in the streets, but any signs of disturbance were soon suppressed. The shops in the main streets had to have their shutters put up very early lest the windows got broken ! The late Mr. J. W. Scholes, in a communication to the writer, said :—

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‘‘T remember the 1865 Crosland v. Leatham Election. Those were very exciting and noisy times before Voting by Ballot was introduced when people knew how others were going to vote. A group of men got round Fred Learoyd, Cloth Spinner, of the old Brick Factory at Wells Mill, near the old George Hotel Stables (top of Brook Street, now pulled down), and threw a bottle of red ink over his clothes during a heated discussion in the street !”’

It is said that a number of men were locked up the night previous to the polling day in one of the rooms at the George Hotel so that they would not be missing when the time came for them to record their votes.

It was the custom, in those days, for the Committee of each candidate to issue the state of the poll from hour to hour. These figures were published by Mr. Leatham’s Committee :—

9-0 a.m. 1—-O p.m. 20S . Leatham ... 707 Crosland .... 286— 81 Maj. Crosland .... 947—240 Maj. 10-0 a.m. 2-0 p.m. Leatham ... 432 Leatham ... (23° Crosland ... 596—164 Maj. Crosland ... 966—240 Maj. 11-0 a.m. 4-0 p.m. Leatham ...’ 605 , . Leatham’... . 7/4 Crosland .... 816—2Z11 Maj. Crosland .... 983—209 Maj.

Mr. Crosland’s Committee gave as their statement at 4 p.m. :

Crosland 1021—235 Majority. Leatham 786.

The official figures given at the declaration of the poll have already been given (p. 226).

Mr. T. P. Crosland afterwards addressed his supporters from the George Hotel window, while Mr. E. A. Leatham did the same from that of the Queen Hotel.

A petition was presented against the return of Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P., on April 24th, 1866. The. petition alleged bribery, treating and undue influence. The Special Committee appointed by the House of Commons to hear this petition con- sisted of Lord Naas, M.P., Sir E. Colebrooke, M.P., Messrs. W.-H. R.. Paget, Gd. M.P. The petitioners were Messrs. Matthew Hale and John Eastwood. The counsel for the petitioners were Mr.. Temple, ©.C., Sergeant Tindall Atkinson and Mr. Macnamara; for Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P., Mr. Rodwell, Q.C., Messrs. Hannan and Waddy. The hearing of the petition lasted nine days, and a large number of witnesses were called on behalf of the petitioners, the complete list of witnesses on both sides is given in the

Appendix (p. 241).

Page 40

The evidence of some of the witnesses is most interesting, and a summary is given here as it throws light upon political conditions in Huddersfield in mid-nineteenth century days. Mr. Thomas Heeley Broadbent, Accountant, of Cross Church Street, said he had received £5 from Joe Cliffe, near the Midland Bank, and some champagne after the declaration of the poll; he said he had charged two guineas for two half days and was paid by Mr. W. Heaton, Mr. Crosland’s Election Agent.

John Smith, a Sawyer of Castlegate, in the course of his evidence and subsequent cross-examination, made some contra— dictory statements :-—‘‘I could not give a vote at the last elec- tion. Thomas Dean was after me but could not catch me. He wanted me to vote for Colonel Crosland, but I told him I should vote for Mr. Leatham. I was employed by Dean to go to meet— ings for Mr, Crosland. I don’t know what you call a ‘shouter.’ I got my money for going to the meetings. I was employed by Mr. N. Learoyd to be a ‘runner.’ 1 don’t know what a ‘runner’ is. He gave me 10/— a day and 20/— for the last day. A runner is a man to see that the voters doesn’t run away. 1 showed fair play for Mr. Crosland for my money. On the Monday before the election they took my saw off my back and took me to the George Hotel. When there, Mr. T, Learoyd wanted me to give my vote for Mr. Crosland, but I told him. I had promised to vote for Mr. Leatham. He said, ‘Now then, you shall have £5. but we are not exact to a pound or two, if you will give your vote for Mr. Crosland.’ I yot 10/— then, and then he wanted me to be a runner for them to protect them. I got the 10/— and then showed myself a runner by running away and voting for neither’? ( !) Thomas Dean, then of the ‘‘Chronicle’’ Offices, said he was engaged to get peopie to go to a meeting outside the Lamb Inn at Hillhouse, shout for Mr. Crosland, and prevent Mr. Joseph (later Sir Joseph) Woodhead and other Liberals from speaking. James Fawcett, Tinner, Market Walk, said he had received cnvelopes, one with a £50 Bank of England note inside. His wife received £10 notes in an envelope and no letter, and another three £10 notes and no letter a few days later. He voted after that for Colonel Crosland ( !)

On the sixth day, Mr, T. P. Crosland, M.P., was examined. He said he had 1060 pledges out of 2080 and polled 1019. He could have had fifty more had there not been disturbances and riot by the Liberals. He had not spent a shilling illegally, nor would he have sanctioned a penny even to win the election. He denied all intimidation.

The following witnesses were called on behalf of Mr. T. P. Crosland :—

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229

William Hannen, Sergeant of Police, said that Colonel Crosland was the popular candidate among the respectable people of Huddersfield, but the non-electors were dead against him. He swore in 500 special constables, fearing disturbances. I When Mr. Leatham’s cabs brought voters, some men made a way, for they obstructed Mr. Crosland’s cabs.

Mr. T, Learoyd, Captain of the Volunteers, said that £350 passed through his hands for watchers. People were paid who worked, and all were paid alike who did certain work. He denied the sawyer’s allegations.

Mr. Nehemiah Learoyd, Solicitor, and friend of Mr. Crosland, was the last witness. He said that he had conducted the election for the M.P. and denied all the allegations of the other side.

Mr. Rodwell, Q.C., addressed the Committee on behalf of Mr. Crosland, and then Mr. Temple, Q.C., on behalf of the petitioners. The latter spoke for three and a half hours, and then the sitting was adjourned! On his resumption the next day, he urged that bribery had been clearly proved. The Committee took two and a half hours over their deliberations, and Lord Naas, M.P., the Chairman, announced that Colonel T. P. Crosland had been elected.

Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P., married three times; his first wife was Anne Kilner, the daughter of William and Mary Kilner, of Almondbury, by whom he had one son, Mr. George William Crosland, the father of the late Dr. George William Kilner Crosland, D.S.O., and one daughter, who died in infancy; his second wife was Matilda Roch, the daughter of William Cousins, Esq., of Bristol, and after her decease, he married her sister, Julia Cousins; by his third wife, Mr. Crosland had a large family, Mr. T. P, Crosland, J.P., of Newhouse Hall (d. Aug. 31st, 1932), Mr. Arthur Pearson Crosland, J.P., the late Mr. Stanley Pearson Crosland, Mr. John Pearson Crosland, and another son, Alfred Pearson Crosland, who died in infancy, and three daughters, Julia, who married Mr. George Lewis Batley, Ada and Marianne.

A tablet to the memory of the various members of the Crosland family is to be seen on the South wall of the Hudders- field Parish Church :—

‘‘Sacred to the memory of Ann, the affectionate and beloved wife of Thomas Pearson Crosland, of Crosland Moor, in the parish of Almondbury, only daughter of William and Mary Kilner, of this town. She departed this life, 13th of March, 1845, in the 27th year of her age, ten days after the birth of her only daughter, who lived twelve hours. The remains of mother and child are deposited in the vaults beneath. Also of Matilda Roch, second wife of the above T. P. Crosland, Esq., of Gled—

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holt, in the parish of Huddersfield, and second daughter of William Cousins, Esq., of the City of Bristol, who died the 6th day of May, 18538, in the 22nd year of her age. Also Alfred Pearson, youngest son of T. P. Crosland, and Julia, his wife, born 31st May, 1866, died Sept. 23rd, 1867. Also of the above named T. P. Crosland, of Gledholt, Esquire, M.P., who died March 8th, aged 52 years, and was interred at the Huddersfield Cemetery, March 12th, 1868. Also of George William, eldest son of the above Thomas Crosland, and Ann, his wife, who died 13th October, 1902, aged 60 years, and was interred at the Huddersfield Cemetery.”’

Mr. T. P. Crosland, M.P., died at Gledholt Hall on the 8th of March, 1868, and on the following Thursday, the funeral took place. It was public and thoroughly representative, the pro— cession numbered no less than fourteen hundred persons, and took thirty-three minutes to pass a given point. Most places of business were closed from 10 a.m. till noon as a mark of respect.

The following tribute was paid to Mr. Crosland’s life and work by the writer of the obituary notice which appeared in the ‘‘Huddersfield Weekly for March 14th, 1868 :—

‘He was one of the makers of Huddersfield. For the educa- tion of its rising generation, for the development of zsthetic beauty in its buildings, and of in its instructions, for the extension of its trading, commercial and monetary prosperity and for the comfort and well-being of its industrial classes, he worked indefatigably. His life, as illustrated by his acts, afforded a fine example of what indomitable perseverence and energy can accomplish when put, forth by an Englishman, to surmount the disadvantages which the want of early opportunity place in the way of one so circumstanced. The strength of mind and the determination of character which he possessed, surmounted all those disadvantages, and enabled him, step by step, to achieve those local dignities, so grateful to every citizen, as a recognition of duty nobly done, until they consummated at last in that most honourable and desirable of all positions to a patriotic Englishman—the representation of his native borough in the Legislative Assembly of his country.’’

After the death of Mr. T. P. Crosland in 1868, his widow and family continued to live at Gledholt. Mrs. Crosland died on August 18th, 1873, and to use the words of Mr. A. P. Crosland, J.P., ‘‘the home was broken up in 1887.”’ # % x

The writer has endeavoured to compile a pedigree of the family of Crosland. This, as far as the writer can ascertain, is the first printed genealogical table of this family of which some members played a very great part in national and local politics in the 19th century and in the early days of the 20th century.

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231

The pedigree of the Croslands of Crosland Hill, originally compiled by Sir William Dugdale ‘‘at Yorke on the 16th of Sept., 1665,’’ commenced with Roger de Crosland who married Philippa Ufton about the time of Edward I. and concluded with the name of Thomas Crosland, ‘‘aetatis 4 annor 13 Sept. a° 1665,’’ who later became the Rector of Kirk Bramwith in 1685. He sold the Cros- land Hill estates to Matthew Wilkinson of Greenhead.

This pedigree was amplified and corrected by Messrs. G. W. Tomlinson and J. T. Clay in the latter’s edition of Dugdale’s ‘‘Visitation of Yorkshire’? (pp. 181-183). The pedigree of the Croslands of Newby, a branch of the Croslands of Crosland Hill appears on pp. 184-185 of the same volume. A portion of the original pedigree from 1587 to 1665 could be seen on the wall of the Entrance Hall of Newhouse Hall when the late Mr. T. P. Crosland, J.P., lived there.

Efforts to link up the family of the Croslands of Gledholt and Paddock with that of the Croslands of Crosland Hill, have, so far, not succeeded. The late Mr. G. W. Tomlinson endeavoured to do so, and, his publication of all the entries relating to the Croslands from the Almondbury Parish Church Registers in his ‘‘Founders of the Huddersfield Subscription Library, 1807’’ (pp. shows that he strove to solve this most difficult problem, for a very strong tradition obtains in the first-named family that there is a descent from the family originally seated at Crosland Hill Manor House. (See also Canon Hulbert’s ‘‘Annals of Almondbury,’’ pp. 96, 97, 393},

The writer desires to thank all those members of the Crosland family who have assisted in the compilation of this pedigree. It is quite possible that there are errors and omissions, and the writer tenders his apologies to those concerned. It must be stated, however, that the compilation of this pedigree has been one of the most difficult pieces of modern genealogical research ever attempted by the writer.

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The PEDIGREE or tHe CROSLANDS of Crosland Lodge, Gledholt, Thornton Lodge, Newhouse, etc. (?) James Crosland, of Crosland Hill I

I : I Joseph Crosland, of Crosland Hill James Crosland, of Crosland Hill living 1812 and 1822 I

3 I I George Crosland, of Crosland Lodge Joshua Crosland Thomas Crosland, of Paddock b. 1789, d. 5 Oct., 1864 b. 1800, d. 1866 =(i) Mary Ann, dau. of Thomas Pearson, (see Pedigree D) of Crosland Hill, b. 1789, d. 13 March, 1816 = (ii) Sarah, dau. of John Woodhead, of Newsome Hannah............d. 2 April, 1859

(i) (ii) (ii) (ii) (ii) I I Poe Pearson John Woodhead Sir Joseph ee D.L. Charles Cheam I aoe Crosland, M.P. Crosland of Royds Hall, M.P. for of Crosland Lodge =Mr. Mallinson of Gledholt (built Thornton Huddersfield, 1893-95 = Eliza, dau. of (issue) (see Pedigree A) Lodge) b. 24 Oct., 1826 John Tyne 2 Daughter . d.27 Aug., 1904 Thornton = Mr. Taylor = Mary Ann Linton, dau. 3 Harriet George William Crosland of Joseph Fox, of Lindley ss VES 24.0: (see Pedigree B) b. 18 Aug., 1836 Thomas Pearson Crosland, d. 1 Aug., 1887 (see Pedigree C)

232

Ramsden

I I I George Crosland Harold Crosland Guy Crosland Edith Crosland

Page 45

b. 29 Dec., 1815, d. 8 March, 1868

(A) 7 - ‘Thomas Pearson Crosland, of Gledholt, M.P. for Huddersfield 1865-1868

=(i) Ann, dau. of William and Mary Kilner, of Almondbury, d. 13 March, 1845, aged 27 =(i1) Matilda Roch, dau. of William Cousins, Esq., of Bristol, d. 6 May, 1853, aged 22

(i) (iii) (iii)

(iii)

Julia, dau. of William Cousins, Esq., of Bristul, d. 18 Aug., 1873, aged 46

(i31)

(i) dics John oes Crosland William b. 27 June, 1860 Crosland m. 5 Oct., 1884 (see Pedigree B) of Robert Skilbeck, of Crosland Hall b. 4 Dec., 1862 d. 12 Sept, 1892 =(ii) Mary Hannah, only dau. of William Bowes, of Stonegrave, Yorks. m. 21 Jan., 1898 () (i a ee Eve = Commander Walter Bagot, R.N.

(111) Thomas Pearson Crosland, J.p. (see Pedigree C)

(i)

Audrey == Cant. Lionel Anderson, R.N.

Monica = George Hill, Esq. of Thornton- le-Dale

=(i) Lilian Emilie, dau.

Stanley Pearson Crosland b. g Oct., 1861 nm. 16 Sept , 1891 d. 27 Nov., 1929 = Blanche, dau. of James Thomson and of Jennie I Metcalfe — I Meriel Stanley Raymond Stanley Aileen m. 19 Ap. 1921 Crosland Stanley =Sir b. 5 April, 1894 m. 6 Oct.

m. 16 Sept., 1921 1926

= Mary Kirkbride =The Rev. O.B.E. I W. D.

Aileen Stanley Crosland Auden

(111) (111) I I Alfred Pearson Ada Crosland Crosland — Colonel b. 31 May, 1866 _ Justice d. 23 Sept., 1867 Tilly

Arthur Pearson Crosland, J.P.

dau. of James R.

b. to Dec., 1862 m. 4 Oct., 1899

- Bottomley, of Finthorpe, Almondbury, and of Wilhelmina Turner

Ruby Hilda Crosland

I =Alec Holdsworth L

a4. Hilda

pee en

Sheila

(iii) (iii) Julia ieee =(i) George Crosland Lewis = Samuel Batley Fourdinier =(il) The Rev. Frederick Oldham, Vicar of Ripley

233

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(B) George William Crosland, eldest son of T. P. Crosland, M.P., by his first wife, b. 28th Sept., 1842, d. 13 Oct., 1902

= Mary Ann Eastwood, dau. of Daniel Eastwood, b. 26 March, 1846, d. 18 March, 1920, ‘| and of Jane Durrans

I I George William Kilner Charles Kilner Crosland, ach Kilner Crosland, Magy Ruth Crosland, Crosland, _-b. 23 June, 1871 b. 9 Dec., 1875 Crosland b.17 June, 1883 b. 23 Nov., 1859 m. 14 Nov., 1g04 m. 15 April, 1905 d. 24 Nov., 1910 m. 5 Feb., 1918 = Louise, dau. of Edward =Helen Jane Ness, dau. d. 31 Dec., 1919 Thomas and of Emily =Ann Frances, dau. of

3 of James Brisbane, Pearce M.D., and of Helen David Crookston, and

Sharpe Ness of Ann Frances Lovelock

I ee I I I Pamela :

Joan Patricia

I Joseph Brian Crosland Helen Vera Crosland

b. 3 Aug., 1906 m. 28 Feb., 1934 Norman I I Thomas Pearson Kilner Crosland b. 3 November, 1887 -d. 17 Nov, 1919 = Dorothy King, of Shepley I gee Thomas Derek Crosland Lois Crosland

884

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(C)

Thomas Pearson Crosland, j.p., of Birkby Grange and Newhouse Hall

eldest son of T. P. Crosland, m.p., by his third wife;

b. 16 Feb, 1854;

I

Feb., 1879; = Charlotte, dau. of John Sykes, Esq., of Croes Howel, Denbighshire;

d. 31 Aug., 1932

5 Feb., 1921

I Capt. Thomas Pearson Crosland, J.P. b. 13 Aug., 1880 m. I June, 1904 =.Annie, dau. of Nicholas Hopkins, I of Blackrock, Co. Dublin, and

b. 18 d. 1g of Mary Lucy Dockhall, of I Kingston, Co. Dublin

I I Barbara Cynthia Mary 3 ‘9 April, 1927

= Alexander Noel Maclaran,

of Rossett, Denbighshire

Geoffrey Stuart Crosland

ee Capt. Conwy Crosland Arthur Clive Crosland (Grenadier Guards) b. 17 Oct., 1889 b. 31 Dec., 1886 m. 2 April, 1914 m. 2 June, Igto oe dau. of =Ethel Mary, dau. of Ernest Wrigley, R. J. R. Mackenzie, of Netherton, and

July, 1883 a of Edgbaston, Bir- of Florence bs

Aug., 1886

mingham, Warwick : Skilbeck and a M. oT. Simcox oe

Peter Crosland b. 13 July, 1923

a Trevor Allington Crosland (2nd Lieut. 2nd Batt. Royal

b. 28 Dec., 1896 Welch Fusileers) Killed in action at Givenchy, 22 June, 1916

935

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(D)

Thomas Crosland, of Paddock

= Mary Ann Woodhead, dau. of John Woodhead, of Newsome, b. 1800, d. 1 March, 1866 I

b. 1809, d. 23 Aug., 1863

I Ellen Crosland = William Bentley, of Bradford

I James Bentley Crosland b. 14 May, 1864 d. 8 Nov., 1894 dau. of John Dickinson and of

Elizabeth Roberts I I

James Katherine Bentley Mary Crosland =Fred b. 10Nov. Burton 1894

m. I

Joyce

I Samuel Crosland d. 7 Aug., 1864

(unmarried)

James Crosland, J.P., of Royds Mount (one of the first Aldermen of the Huddersfield Town Council), b. 16 June, 1832, m. 29 June, 1859, d. 18 April, 1913 = Ann, dau. of Nathan Bentley, of Legrams House, Bradford, and of I Mary Baker, b. 2 Oct., 1837, d. 11 March, 1912

I Samuel Woodhead Crosland b. 11 May, 1865

I Joseph Crosland b. 19 Dec., 1871 m. 1896

I Frank Bentley Crosland b. 27 March, 1868 d. 27 Aug., 1931 = Marian, dau. of Coun. d. 27 July, 1907

Henry Holland and of = Beatrice Hartington Mary, dau. of John I x

Hayward, of Oswestry I I

Gerald Crosland Norah b. Sept., 1898 = Harold

I Kate = Edward Haigh d. 10 Nov., 1915 son of David and I Mary Haigh, of Pond I House, Quarmby m. 29 June, 1887

I I I I Dorothy John Allen Joyce Crosland Middlebrook Mortimer Crosland killed in France Roberts Haigh Haigh Haigh Haigh

June, 1918 b. 1896 b. 3 Aug. =Lawrence =Marie Louise 1898,killed I Conrad I Beaumont, at Neuve Stead, son of Frank dau. of Ald. _—_Eglise, Lawrence and Holland E.A.Beaumont 13 April, Elizabeth Stead, Crasiaad 1918 of Holcombe b. 4 Sept.

1899 I Alan Lawrence Stead Mary Stead Joyce Haigh Stead

Doris

I

Sylvia Crosland

Eric Bentley Crosland b. 14 March, 1901 m. 30 Sept., 1931 = Margaret Hannah Jepson, of Hayfeld, Derbyshire

Edward Woodhead Crosland b. I May, 1877 d. 7 March, 1919

I Thomas Crosland b. 14 Jan., 1876 d. 21 Oct., 1919

I Frederick George Crosland b. I June, 1880 d. I May, 1907

I Ralph Woodhead Crosland b. 17 Aug., 1878

236

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937 (c) MR. GEORGE LEWIS BATLEY.

On the Ist of May, 1887, Mr. G. L. Batley took up his residence at Gledholt. He was the eldest son of Mr. Joseph Batley, the first Town Clerk of Huddersfield, who had joined the firm of Messrs. Brook and Freeman, Solicitors, New Street, some years after it had been founded. Mr. G. L. Batley was born in 1854 and for some years acted as Deputy Town Clerk when his father could not be present at the meetings of the Town Council. As already stated, he married Julia, one of the daughters of Mr. T, P. Crosland, M.P. He was one of the managers of the Hud- dersfield and Upper Agbrigg Savings Bank and also on the Board of the Royal Infirmary. He was connected with the Huddersfield Volunteer Movement and retired with the rank of Honorary Major. He died at Filey on the 12th of August, 1893, at the age of 39. By his wife, he had one son and one daughter. His widow afterwards married the Rey. Frederick Oldham, Vicar of Ripley.

(d) MR. JOHN FISHER.

Mr. John Fisher occupied the Hall from the of September, 1893, till the 31st of August, 1899,

He was the eldest son of Mr. Mark Fisher, of Guicar Hill, by his wife, Elizabeth the daughter of Thomas Hepponstall, of Cowms, and: was born on December 4th, 1833. He and his brother, Edward, commenced business in Huddersfield but failed. In 1868, they went to Canada where they founded the firm of Messrs. Mark Fisher, Sons & Co., Cloth Manufacturers and > Merchants. About 1882, the brothers returned to Huddersfield; this event was celebrated in a popular song at the Pantomime at the Theatre Royal, the refrain of which went :— I

‘‘And the Fisher lads came home again And paid their debts in full.’’ The song and refrain always brought down the house ! Mr. John Fisher left the firm of Messrs. Mark Fisher, Sons & Co., and after having retired for a year or two, founded the firm of Messrs. John Fisher & Sons, while his brother Edward continued with that of Messrs. Fisher’& Co. Mr. J. Fisher suggested the creation of a Radium Fund for the Huddersfield Royal Infirmary and gave £1,000 towards this project; he had previously given £1,000 to that Institution,

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238

Mr. JOHN’ FISHER. 1833—1930.

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i

239

He took no part in local affairs but was a great benefactor especially to his native town of Golcar where he and his brother presented a recreation ground to be known as ‘‘Mark Fisher’s Two Furrows’’; he was also a generous supporter of Golcar Parish Church.

After leaving Gledholt Hall, he resided at “The Edgerton, and then at “Glen—maye, ’? Harrogate, where he died on the 26th of April, 1930, at the age of ninety—six years.

‘Mr. J. Fisher married twice, his first wife was Hannah Walker, the niece of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Walker, of Town End, Golear. By his first wife, Mr. Fisher had three sons, the eldest of whom died in infancy, Messrs. Frank William Fisher and John Edward Fisher and six daughters. Mrs. Fisher died in 1892. Mr. J. Fisher’s second wife was the widow of Dr. John Burnley Walker and the sister of Sir Wiliam Broadbent and Mr. Benjamin Broadbent of Longwood.

(e) MR. J. W. PIERCY, LL.B.

Mr.:J. W. Piercy, LL.B., succeeded Mr. J. Fisher at Gledholt Hall and lived there from the lst of September, 1899, till the 24th of August, 1912.

He was born in 1854 and was a solicitor by profession having been articled with Mr. Samuel Learoyd. He was admitted to the Rolls in 1877; from that year till 1887, he was a partner in the firm of Messrs. Learoyd, Piercy and Simpson. In that year, the part— nership was dissolved and Mr. Piercy commenced the practice which bore his name. He was the President of the Huddersfield Law Society in 1899 and 1900 while from 1891 till 1894 he had been the Secretary of that Society. He took his degree of LL.B. in 1878.

Mr. Piercy was Clerk to the Marsden Urban District Council for twenty-five years and solicitor to the Huddersfield Chamber of Trade for about sixteen years. He was a member of Queen Street Methodist Mission and one of its Trustees. He was also a President of the Y.M.C.A. and a co-opted member of the Public Library and Art Gallery Committee.

After he left Gledholt Hall, Mr. Piercy resided at ‘‘Wildfell,’’ The Mount, Outlane, where he died on the 20th of March, 1920, at the age of 66. His widow, who afterwards married Mr. Jesse Dye, died on the 10th of September, 1934,

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240 (f) MR. HERBERT ALBERT HAIGH.

Mr. H. A. Haigh was the tenant of Gledholt Hall from the lst of December, 1912, until the time of his death under tragic circumstances on the 12th of June, 1918. He was born in 1854 and was a member of the firm of Messrs. John Haigh & Sons, Stockbrokers, Byram Buildings. He was one of the few stockbrokers in Huddersfield in 1913 who was not a member of the local Stock Exchange.

(2) MR, GEORGE A. CROWTHER.

Mr. George A. Crowther took up his residence at Gledholt on the lst of October, 1913. As already stated, in September, 1920, the Ramsden Estates in Huddersfield were purchased by the Huddersfield Corporation, and Gledholt Hall changed hands. On the 26th of August, 1923, Mr. George A. Crowther bought Gledholt Hall from the Corpora— tion and resided there till 19380.

xi. SUBSEQUENT OWNERS OF GLEDHOLT HALL.

As already stated in Section v. (p. 210) the recent owners of the Hall have been :—

(i) Mr, G. A. Crowther, 26th August, 19283—April 9th, 1982. (ii) Dr, J. Raffan, April 9th, 1932—

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APPENDIX

List of witnesses in the Petition against the return of Mr. M.P,

For the Petitioners :— George Thomas Wright, Commercial Traveller. David Tinker, “‘Turk’s Head’’ Keeper, Castlegate. Margaret Tinker, Wife of the above. Patrick Flannagan, Assistant Waiter to David Tinker.

James Flannagan, ve re James Henry Firth, French Polisher. -Thomas Heeley Broadbent, Cross Church Street, Accountant. Henry Brown, Engine Tenter. _ Mary Richardson, ‘‘Fly Boat,’’ Aspley. William Pollard, Fruit Dealer and Fish Monger, King Street. Joseph Smith, Sawyer, Castlegate. Thomas Gibson, Carrier, Aspley. Richard Hutchinson, Tin Plate Worker. Thomas Dean, Printer of the ‘‘Chronicle.’’ Sarah Brook, Landlady, ‘‘Bath Hotel,’’ Lockwood. Frederick Kilner, Cloth Merchant. I James Kilner, Brother of the previous. William Hoyle, West Parade, William Barton, Innkeeper. William Wilkinson, ‘‘Spink Nest Inn,’’ Eli Sowerbutts, Printer, Buxton Road. David Shaw, Mechanic. John Dyson, Farmer. Alfred Woodhead, Commission Agent, South Parade. William Eastwood, Carrier, Spring Grove Street. George Allott, Warehouseman, Chapel Hill. James Fawcett, Tinner, Market Walk. Joseph Haigh Bradley, ‘‘Royal Oak,’’ Folly Hall. Benjamin Shaw, Nailmaker. T. S. Yates, Reporter on the ‘‘Examiner.’’ James Bawtry, Cloth Dresser.

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if 4 i (i) 7

949

a

For @ir. T. P. Crosland, M.P,

John Woodhead Crosland, Brother of Mr. T. P. George Brighouse, Decorator. Samuel Fox Wilson, Owner of the ‘‘Turk’s Head.’’ Hugh Moore, Police Sergeant. William Hannen, Sergeant of Police. James Waller. Alfred Bantoft, Solicitor. Charles W. Mitchell, Cotton Dealer, William Henry Aston. John Brook, Painter.

Daniel Eastwood. I i . John Henry Swift, Traveller. Henry Dyson Taylor, Manufacturer. Charles Kershaw Hare, Clerk. Joseph Hellawell, Cloth Dresser. T. Learoyd, Captain of the Volunteers. Henry Brook, Landlord of the ‘‘Shakespeare Inn.”’ Thomas Robinson, Solicitor. John Sunderland Tolson, Wine Merchant. Jonas Walker, Doorkeeper of Committees. Nehemiah Learoyd, Solicitor.

The writer here acknowledges his great indebtedness to the of Huddersfield,’’ compiled by the late Mr. Allan a Parkin who summarised the proceedings of the Election Petition } of 1866, extracts from which have been quoted on pp. 228 and 229.


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